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					   Chinese City System
Formation and Globalization

              Xiulian Ma
       Sociology Department,
       The University of Utah
      Xiulian.ma@soc.utah.edu
                  China: The Context

 State                  State                         State




                                Chinese City System


Closure/Opennes         Closure                 Openness
s

 Time period         t1: 1949-1977           t2: 1978---Present
       Research Questions
• How has the Chinese city system changed
  since 1978?

• What is the impact of globalization on the
  Chinese city system change?
                 Outline
• 1. The World System Theory and My Contesting
  Argument

• 2. Three Hypotheses

• 3. Research Design

• 4. Results

• 5 Conclusion/Discussion
  1. The World System Theory

International factors:            Intranational Factors
(World-system position,       +
                                  (Class structure,
transnational corporate
penetration)                      state policy)



                      +      +

               Third World Urban Pattern
                 1. My Argument
International factors:         +   Intranational
   (transnational corporate             Factors
 penetration, world-system         (state policy and
                   position)       national context)




                          +    -

           Third World Urban Pattern
Primacy




Disarticulation


 Slope –1 Line
  2. Three Hypotheses

H0 The Chinese City System Change

1 Primacy
2 Structural Disarticulation

3 The Effect of Globalization   +
             3. Research Design
Data
Air passengers flow among 43 largest cities in China
(1992, 1995, 2000, and 2003)


             Hypothesis              Network Analysis

  1    Primacy                       Global Centrality

  2    Disarticulation               Blockmodeling

  3    The Effect of Globalization   Longitudinal Modeling
Results_H1: Global Centrality/Primacy

         Figure 1. A Star Network
4. Results_H1: Global Centrality/Primacy
         Figure 2. The Global Centrality of Flight-generated Chinese City Network 1992-2003


    70
%




    60
    50                                                                                        1992
    40                                                                                        1995
    30                                                                                        2000
    20                                                                                        2003

    10
     0
             Degree              Out_Flow            Betweenness             Closeness
                                         Global Centrality
4. Results_H2: Blockmodeling/Disarticulation
Figure3 Blockmodeling of Chinese city
network
1992




 2003
          4. Results_H3:
Longitudinal Modeling/Globalization

 The utility function
      fi ( , x(i  j )) + U i (t , i, j )   i  1,....,n , x Є X


  The rate function

      Pr (T > t) = exp (- t )
Table 7. Model Results of the Longitudinal Network Modeling.
Effect                           Model 1         Model 2           Model 3      Model 4
                                 13.6005***
Rate 19921995                   (0.8696)
                                 11.0238***      15.4161***
Rate 19952000                   (0.7813)        (1.1450)
                                 10.5008***      14.8222***        22.8766***   23.2811***
Rate 20002003                   (0.8372)        (1.2035)          (1.8641)     (2.0029)
                                 -0.0125***      -0.0253***        -0.0408***   -0.0413***
Outdegree effect on rate         (0.0027)        (0.0052)          (0.0105)     ( 0.0138)

                                 0.5351          0.4210***         0.1232+      0.1256
Density                          (0.0464)        (0.0707)          (0.0886)     (0.1071)
                                 1.5396***       1.4848***         1.5231***    1.5259***
Balance                          (0.0723)        (0.0883)          (0.1376)     ( 0.1464)
                                 10.3693***      16.4723**         17.3528*     17.2695+
1/(Outdegree+1)                   (2.1135)       (6.5206)          (9.3639)     ( 10.3804)

                                                 -0.6084+                       0.0224 1
FDI Similarity                                   (0.3670)                       (1.8369)
TNC_Indegree                                                       0.8557*      0.7750
Similarity                                                         (0.4750)     (2.1290)
TNC_Closeness                                                      -1.7637***    -1.7149***
Similarity                                                         (0.4238)     (0.5803)
                       +
 Note: t-statistics:       p< .10, * <.05, **< . 01, *** p< .001
       5 Conclusion/ Discussion
• 1. The Chinese City System further deviates from one-
  city primacy.

• 2. The Chinese city system became better structurally
  connected and articulated.

• 3. Globalization has limited effect on city network change
  in China.

• These provide evidence to support our argument
  that--
  The national Context, esp. the state, is much more
  important than international forces. This prevent
  China’s emergence as a Third World city-system
  pattern.
Thank You!
 Xiulian.ma@soc.utah.edu

				
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