employee training manual by tvault

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Cross-reference to                               reported to your supervisor and to 515-3000,
Manager's/Departmental                           to facilitate prompt investigation.
Checklist for Employee Safety
                                                 Basic Building
                                                 Alarms, Employee
The purpose of this guide is to assist           Response to Alarms,
managers in completing the                       Evacuation
Manager's/Departmental Checklist for             Procedures and Fire
Employee Safety Training. You are required       Extinguisher Use
to have a lab safety plan for your area if you
use chemicals, lasers, radioactive materials,    Review various alarms for your building
or have other physical hazards in your work      with employees. Describe the sound of the
area. If you have a safety plan, you can use     alarm, actions to be taken when an alarm
it to provide training. You should open and      sounds, evacuation routes, and assembly
refer to the NC State Health and Safety          locations outside of your building. Walk
Manual for review.                               employees through primary and secondary
http://www2.ncsu.edu/ehs/www99/index.html        emergency exit routes. If an employee has
                                                 a disability or condition whether
Reporting of Medical, Fire, or                   temporary or permanent, they can
Safety Emergencies                               confidentially contact the NC State Fire
                                                 Marshall to develop an individualized
Review the protocol for reporting a              evacuation plan (515-2568). If the
medical, fire, or safety emergency (dial         employee has not been trained on the use of
911). If your building has manual fire           fire extinguishers, they should not attempt to
alarm pull stations, please indicate under       fight the fire. The employee should be
which circumstances (visible smoke, fire,        instructed to evacuate the building after
gas leak) the employee should pull the           reporting the fire as noted above, and time
alarm.                                           permitting, from a safe location. If they have
                                                 been trained then the employee should be
Accident Reporting Procedures                    familiar with fire extinguisher locations and
                                                 the types of fires the extinguishers are used
This is a very important section. Please         on.
refer to the Occupational Accidents,
Illnesses, and Reports section in the NC
State Health and Safety Manual for this
discussion. This section will indicate the
locations where medical care is provided to
injured employees.

Emergency assistance must be requested by
calling 911. All non-emergency injuries and
incidents, including incidents that could
have hurt someone (near miss) must be

                               Environmental Health and Safety Center

General Hazard Communication                        See the electrical safety section of the
                                                    Environmental Health and Safety home
and Chemical Hygiene Plan                           page for further information.
Training Requirements
                                                 Ergonomics and Safety
If your employee has not attended the new
employee safety orientation at the               Work Procedures (proper
Environmental Health and Safety Center,          lifting, office equipment
you must contact EH&S to determine the           setup and adjustments, two-
next Hazard Communication training course        person operations, etc)
and have the employee attend or have the
employee complete the web-based training         Office and lab furniture, including the
module:                                          computer workstation, should be
(http://www.ncsu.edu/ehs/hazcom/hazcom.htm).     individually adjusted to keep proper body
Since employees may change work locations        positioning to avoid fatigue/injury.
repeatedly throughout their employment           Employees should receive training on the
with the university, this training is required   proper lifting technique with emphasis on
for all incoming employees, regardless of        tasks requiring multiple employees for safe
chemical use status. See further                 lifts. Employees that work with high
requirements listed below if the employee        hazard, heavy handling, or remote
will work directly with or around chemicals.     operations should avoid working alone.
                                                 Proper procedures should be reviewed with
Lockout / Tagout / Electrical                    each employee. See the Ergonomics section
Safety: All employees need to know the           of the health and safety manual for
following:                                       guidelines on proper workstation design.

    1. When a tag is attached to an
       electrical disconnect or switch, do
       not turn power on. The tag                The next section applies to persons
       indicates that maintenance is being       working with or around hazardous
       performed on connected equipment
       and severe shock or electrocution         chemicals, radiation sources, biological
       could result if energized.
                                                 materials, or hazardous equipment. Use
    2. Employees, who maintain
       equipment and need to perform             your laboratory safety plan as a
       lockout/tagout or work in an area
       where lockout/tagout are routinely        reference. You may stop here if this is
       performed, will also need additional      not applicable to your area.
       training. See the lockout/tagout
       section of the Environmental Health
       and Safety home page for further
       information if applicable.
    3. Employees who will be
       troubleshooting / servicing electrical
       equipment may need additional

                               Environmental Health and Safety Center

General Hazard                                   Hazard Communications training module
Communication and                                on the Environmental Health and Safety
                                                 home page).
Chemical Hygiene Plan
Training Requirements                            Schedule temporary employees for the
                                                 Hazard Communication class if they will be
•   Identification of Hazardous Materials        with the University for more than one
    in Work Area and Operations in which         month. For employees who have shorter
    they are present                             employment durations with the University,
                                                 the following information should be
•   Potential emergencies specific to the        conveyed to the employee in addition to that
    work area, alarms, and response to
                                                 listed above:
                                                     •   How MSDS are made available to
•   Personal protective equipment to be                  employees in your work area
    used in the work area
                                                     •   A caution to avoid removal or
•   Response procedures for unknown                      defacing of labels on chemical
    materials (unlabeled pipes, spills, etc)             containers

Persons who will use chemicals or routinely          •   Assure they are trained with the
access an area where chemicals are used                  contents of your lab safety plan
require training. Training consists of general
and work area specific training. Work area           •   How to read an MSDS (see glossary
specific training must be conducted annually             of MSDS terms in the MSDS
                                                         section of the EHSC home page)
by the supervisor/Principal Investigator.
Your lab safety plan, which should contain
all appropriate information, should be used      Hazardous Equipment
for this training. Please make sure to
adequately cover each of the items listed
                                                 in the Employee's
above as they apply to your work area.           Work Area and
Please be specific. For example, if you have     Training for Associated
a gas detection system in your work area,        Engineering Controls
describe the monitoring point locations, the
sound(s) of the alarm system and actions to      Consider any hazardous equipment in the
be taken. General training is conveyed to        employee's work area. Indicate any
employees by the Environmental Health and        restrictions on normal use and maintenance,
Safety Center (EHSC) as part of New              convey any applicable training requirements
Employee Safety Orientation for employees        for normal use and maintenance, and
who pass through the University Human            describe primary hazards (e.g. high voltage,
Resources Department during hire. It is also     high temperature, high pressure, etc.)
conveyed to employees by Environmental           Review any indicators of a hazardous
Health and Safety through Hazard                 condition such as warning lights or alarms.
Communication web-based classes (see             Review the engineering controls in place

                                Environmental Health and Safety Center

and any periodic testing or maintenance        Required Medical
required. Review and provide a copy of any     Surveillance for Chemical
standard operating procedures. Depending
on the nature of the equipment, it may be
                                               work, Radiation work, Noise
advisable to have an experienced employee      Exposure, Respirator Use,
review the equipment and standard              and Animal Contact
operating procedures with the new
employee.                                      If any of these apply to your new employee,
                                               medical surveillance may be required.
Bloodborne Pathogens                           Review the Medical Surveillance section
                                               and the Radiation Safety Manual on the NC
                                               State Environmental Health and Safety
Training is required for persons who may be
                                               home page to determine whether your
exposed to body fluids (e.g. nurses, Public
                                               employee will need medical surveillance.
Safety, lab workers handling human blood,
tissue, and cell cultures). See the
Bloodborne Pathogen section of the NC
State Environmental Health and Safety
home page for further information.

Additional requirements
for Specific Chemical,
Physical (radiation/lasers),
Biological Hazards, or
Hazardous Equipment

Use this opportunity to review any
additional procedures or requirements for
your work area. Items you feel are important
to cover should also be included in your
written safety plan. Special training, work
practices and procedures are required by law
prior to use of certain materials and
equipment. See the NC State Environmental
Health and Safety home page for further
details on these requirements.

                              Environmental Health and Safety Center

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