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					Technologies for
         Homeland Security

                  Shana Dale
       Chief of Staff and General Counsel
     Office of Science and Technology Policy
                 October 29, 2004
             The President




 Office of                 Other
Management   OSTP         Boards,
and Budget              Councils, etc.
    Role of White House Office of
    Science & Technology Policy
   Advise the President
    – Provide S&T analysis and judgment with
    respect to major policies, plans, programs, & budgets
   Lead the interagency effort to develop sound
    S&T policies and budgets
    – Set forth (along with OMB) the R&D priorities to guide
      the agencies when developing their budget
    – Co-chair National Science & Technology Council
      (NSTC)
        Committee on Science
        Committee on Technology
        Committee on Environment & Natural Resources
        Committee on National & Homeland Security
                                               OSTP Organization Chart

                                                                          Director                                                 NSTC
                 PCAST




                              Associate Director                       Associate Director                    Chief of Staff
                                 for Science                             for Technology                   & General Counsel
                               Deputy Associate                        Deputy Associate
                                                                           Director for                     Senior Director
                              Director for Science                         Technology                          Security



                                Assistant            Assistant         Assistant      Assistant
 Assistant       Assistant       Director                                                            Assistant          Assistant          Assistant
                                                      Director          Director       Director
Director Life     Director      Physical                                                              Director           Director           Director
                                                    Education           Space         Telecom
 Sciences       Environment     Sciences                                                            Technology         Nat. Security      Hmld. Security
                                                   Social Science     Aeronautics    & Infm. Tech
                               Engineering

                                                             Administration                          Legal affairs
                               ADMINISTRATIVE                Budget                   FUNCTIONAL     Legislative affairs
                               STAFF                         Office Support           STAFF          Budget analysis
                                                             Computing                               Communications
    OSTP / OMB Guidance Memorandum
    for FY 06 R&D Priorities
   Homeland Security R&D
   Networking & Information Technology
   Nanotechnology
   Physical Sciences
   Biology of Complex Systems
   Climate, Water, and Hydrogen R&D
      **Each Agency is required to request a budget that
        sustains the research important for its mission
    NSTC: Coordination of Federal
    Policy and Interagency Programs
   A Cabinet-level council of advisers to the
    President on Science and Technology
   Principal means to coordinate science and
    technology matters within the Federal
    research and development enterprise
   Means to establish clear national goals for
    Federal science and technology
    investments
    Current NSTC                                                                                    Legend
      Structure                                    NSTC                                          Informal
   September 2004                              Director, OSTP                                    Under development




 Committee on                        Committee on                Committee on               Committee on
 Environment &                         Science                    Technology                Homeland and
Natural Resources                                                                          National Security
                                WH: Olsen, NSF: Bement,
                                NIH: Zerhouni                       WH: Russell              WH: Dale
WH: Olsen,
EPA: Gilman,                   Research Business Models             DOC: Bond                DOD: Wynne
DOC: Lautenbacher                                                                            DHS: McQueary
                               Education & Workforce Dev.
                                   Large Scale Science            Technology Dev.
 Global Change Research                                                                   National Security R&D
                                      Aquaculture
                                                             Networking & Information     Radiological/Nuclear
   Air Quality Research        Human Subjects Research             Technology              Countermeasures
    Disaster Reduction         IWG Physics of the Universe
                                                              Nanoscale Science, Eng.          International
                                   IWG Plant Genome               & Technology
       Ecosystems                                                                            WMD Medical
                               IWG Dom. Animal Genomics
                                                                   Manufacturing            Countermeasures
     Toxics & Risks                IWG Prion Research
                                                                   Research and                 Standards
                               IWG Trans-boarder Samples           Development
Water Availability & Quality
                                 IWG Multinational Orgs
IWG Earth Observations         R&D Investment Criteria
                               Research Misconduct Policy
                                                                                          Infrastructure

                                                                Biotechnology             Aeronautics
        IWG on Dioxin

           Oceans                                            Social, Behavioral & Econ.

      Health and the Environment
National Strategy for Homeland
Security (July 2002)

   Three priority objectives for homeland
    security:
     1. Prevent terrorist attacks within the U.S.
     2. Reduce America’s vulnerability to
       terrorism
     3. Minimize damage and recover from
       attacks
National Strategy for Homeland
Security (July 2002) – Cont’d.
   Critical Mission Areas:
    - Intelligence & Warning
    - Border & Transportation Security
    - Domestic Counterterrorism
    - Protecting Critical Infrastructure & Assets
    - Defending against Catastrophic Threats
    - Emergency Preparedness & Response
   Foundations:
    - Law
    - Science & Technology
    - Information Sharing & Systems
    - International Cooperation
National Strategy for Homeland
Security (July 2002) – Cont’d.
   S&T Priorities (in S&T Foundations Chapter):
    - CBRN Countermeasures
    - Systems for Detecting Hostile Intent
    - Biometric Technology
    - Technical Capabilities of First Responders
    - R&D Coordination
    - Homeland Security Laboratories
    - Technical Analysis
    - Rapid Prototyping
    - Demonstrations & Pilot Deployments
    - Standards for Homeland Security Technology
    - Cutting edge Research
     Defending Against Catastrophic
     Threats (Biological)
   Detection: Biosurveillance Initiative
    – National Biosurveillance Integration
      System (health and intelligence data
      integration)
    – Project BioWatch (biological sensors)
    – Project BioSense (analysis of key
      medical data)
Defending Against Catastrophic
Threats (Biological) – Cont’d.

   Medical Countermeasures: Bioshield
    - Develop & stockpile drugs, vaccines & medical
    equipment for rapid distribution in emergency
    situation
Biometrics

   NSTC Interagency Working Group on
    Biometrics
   U.S.-VISIT is up and operating
   Several projects are underway to further
    test biometrics technologies
Detecting Hostile Intent – Social,
Behavioral, and Economic Sciences
   Basic research in human & social dynamics
   Detection of deception
   DHS Center of Excellence in Behavioral and
    Social Aspects of Terrorism and Counter-
    Terrorism
   Coordination through NSTC’s Social,
    Behavioral & Economic Sciences
    Subcommittee
1st Responder Technology
   Speed existing
    technology to the
    field
   Develop standards
    to guide state/local
    technology
    purchases
   Research and Technology Development
    - Interoperable Communications
    - Search & Rescue Robotics
1st Responder Technology (Cont’d)

   Medical Emergency Preparedness
    - Noble Training Center
    - HHS guides for deploying medical
    countermeasures
   Emergency Planning
    - Protective Action Guides (PAGs)
    - Critical Infrastructure Protection –
    Decision Support System (CIP-DSS)
Conclusion

“We refuse to remain idle while modern
technology might be turned against us; we will
rally the great promise of American science and
innovation to confront the greatest danger of our
time.”

--President Bush, July 21, 2004

				
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