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					Cremation
MSU Extension MontGuide 200201 HR

Focus
• Personal Concerns, Montana & Federal Regulations, Costs

Marsha A. Goetting Professor & Extension Family Economics Specialist
Claire DelGuerra Former Cascade County Extension Agent Karen Tyra Stillwater County Extension Agent

Historical Info
• First Crematory  1876  Pennsylvania

Cremation Acceptance
• Montana—2003  54.89% rate  4,625 cremations out of 8,426 deaths

States

Cremation Association of North America 2003 Confirmed

• Washington 63.3% • Hawaii 62.97% • Nevada 62.5% • Oregon 60.57% • Arizona 57.39% • Alaska 55.47%

National Rate
• Year 2003  28.7%  695,637 Cremations

Why??
• National Survey  Within Worldwide  2005  Cremation Association of North America

Why??
• Save Money 30% • Save Land 13% • Simpler 8% • Body not in earth 6%

Why??
• Other reasons  Preference  No reason to save body  Remains/ashes can be scattered

Why??
• Some other reasons  Less emotional  Remains can be sent to more meaningful/some other place  Convenient/Claustrophobia

Questions?
•Does my body have to be embalmed?

Questions?
•Is a casket required?

Questions?
• If I have in writing my wish to be cremated, can my family disregard my request?

Questions?
• What is the cost for a cremation compared to other alternatives?

Questions?
• Should I have my cremated remains scattered, buried, or entombed? If so, where?

Who Regulates?
• State Level  Montana Board of Funeral Service

Board of Funeral Service
• Within  Montana Department of Labor & Industry

Montana Laws
• Montana Board of Funeral Service  Administrative Rules  Standards

Board of Funeral Service
• Licenses & governs  Crematories  Crematory operators  Technicians

Board (con’d)
• Licenses & governs  Mortuaries  Morticians  Privately owned for-profit cemeteries

Federal Level
• Federal Trade Commission (FTC)  Trade Regulation Rules  Itemized Price Info

Removal of body?
• Vital Statistics Bureau
 DPHHS Form  “Authorization for Removal, Transportation, & Final Disposition of a Dead Body”

Signature of One:
• Coroner • Mortician • Physician or Designee • Certified Advanced Practice Registered Nurse

Where are crematories located in Montana?

23 Licensed Crematories
• Billings, Bozeman, Butte, Columbia Falls, Great Falls, Hamilton, Kalispell, Livingston, Malta, Miles City, Missoula, Polson

Question?
• What is the cost for a cremation compared to other alternatives?

Funeral Costs
• January 2006  $5,500-$6,000

Cremation Costs
• Cremation only $1,260 $ 80* $1,340
* Corrugated cremation container for transporting body.

• Memorial Service without body: $1,930
• Chapel/Church Service— body present at service & cremation following: $2,925

Question?
•Does my body have to be embalmed?

Embalmed????
• Not required unless certain funeral arrangements selected.  Private or public viewing

Questions?
•Is a casket required?

Casket Required?
• Not in Montana  Nationwide  90% of cremations do not have casket

Durable Cremation Containers
• Urns: • Alternative Containers: $20 - $860 $80 -$1,125

Cremation Caskets
• Montana  $490 to $8,300

FTC Rules
• Must disclose in writing to buy and make available:  Alternative container  Unfinished wooden box

Authorization
• Crematory must have written cremation authorization form  Signed by authorization agent

Authorizing Agent
• Person legally entitled to determine final disposition of human remains

Authorization for Cremation
• MCA 35-21-810 • Unless other directions provided by deceased

Priority Order
• Spouse • Majority Adult Children (not all) • Parent • Close relative of deceased

In absence of family
• Personal Representative • Public Administrator • Others  As designated by Montana Board of Funeral Service

Preneed Authorization
• Person can make prior to death:  Funeral director  Mortician

Wait 24 hours
• Signed Death Certificate • Crematory Authorization

Before Cremation
• Remove personal possessions of value:  Jewelry  Mementos

Pacemakers
• Remove  Could damage  Authorizing agent held responsible

Cremated with body
• Prostheses • Mechanical  Devices  Implants

Cremation Time
• Varies with size and weight  1.5 to 4 hours

After Cremation
• Remains allowed to cool • Human remains separated • Pulverized • Placed in container

Cremains
• Appear similar to:  Crushed seashells  Egg shells

My ashes or others?
• Identifying metal disc attached to each receptacle containing a body

Identifying Disc
• During cremation disc secured on control panel outside the chamber

My ashes or others?
• Disc placed with cremated human remains inside a receptacle

My ashes or others?
• Number of identifying metal disc written on outside of receptacle

Which survivors are ashes given to?
• Individual specified by authorizing agent on cremation authorization form

What should family do with ashes?

Businessman
• Put my ashes in an envelope and mail them to IRS. Write on envelop…”

Now you have everything!

Urns
• Cost $20 - $860 • Made of:  Hardwood  Stone or Marble  Bronze, copper, or other metals  Biodegradable

What to do with ashes?
•Bury •Scatter

Urn Burial
•Family Plot

Urn Burial
•Urn Garden

Urn Burial
•Columbarium niche

Keepsake Memorial
• Jewelry  Pendant

Keepsake Memorial
• Miniature Cast  Bronze Urn

Sundial
• Base contains sealed compartment for cremated remains

Outdoor Birdbath
• Base contains sealed compartment for cremated remains

Windchimes
• Water-resistant pewter compartment serves as keepsake urn

Scattering
• 59% preferred to be scattered rather than buried

Scattering--Where
• 30% water • 29% land • 18% preference of deceased

Where to Scatter?
• Privately owned lands • Legal

Church-Owned Lands
• Seek Permission

City Lands, Parks, & Lakes
• City Attorney • City Commissioner  Permission?  Forms?

County Lands, Parks, & Lakes
• City Attorney • City Commissioner  Permission?  Forms?

School Trust Lands
• Montana Department of Natural Resources & Conservation (DNRC)

School Trust Lands
• Sections 16 & 36 Township • Land use permit ($25) • Plus Area Office fee

State Rivers & Lakes
• Montana Department of Environmental Quality  No permit required

State Lands & Parks
• Fish, Wildlife & Parks Commissioner  Does not allow unless authorized by commissioner

Tribal Trust Lands
• 2.6 million acres • Contact  Tribal Community Council  General Council

Bureau of Land Management Lands
• No federal permits are necessary  Unless commercial enterprises

Federal Waters
• At sea  3 nautical miles  Burial/Scatter at Sea Notification Form  EPA

National Cemetaries129
• Veterans  Spouses  Dependent children

Montana
• Obtain List • VA Medical & Regional Office Center  Fort Harrison, MT

National Forests
• Forest Service  Does not authorize the scattering or interment of cremated human remains  Existing cemeteries

National Parks
• Each national park has conditions for granting permission • Contact  Superintendent of Park

Yellowstone National Park
• Special Use Permit--$25  Yellowstone Visitor Service Office

Glacier National Park
• Undeveloped areas  Notify Chief Rangers Office

Air
• Federal Aviation Administration  As long as no hazard to persons or property

Creative Scattering
• Fits the situation as defined by survivors

Hub Wheelman’s Daughter
• “I keep a small vial of his ashes in my glove compartment. I am nowhere near the driver he was, but at least he’s still spending a fair amount of time on the road.”

Hot Air Balloonist
• “….released my wife’s ashes from her balloon high in the desert where she broke the world’s record…I think she is smiling.”

Shipping
• U.S. Postal Service  Registered Mail  Return Receipt Services

Shipping Container
• Sift-proof • Montana Crematories  $25

Do not allow shipment of cremated remains
• United Parcel Service • Federal Express

Prefer Cremation?
• Place request in writing  Preneed Authorization

Prefer Cremation?
• Share with family members

Funeral Director
• “When planning to honor and memorialize a person who has died, the family should plan a funeral, memorial, celebration of life or gathering that best suits their religious beliefs, traditions, lifestyle & budget.”

Acknowledgements
• Montana Board of Funeral Service • Montana Funeral Directors Association

Montana Departments of
• Public Health & Human Services • Environmental Quality • Fish Wildlife & Parks

Further Info p. 6
• Montana Board of Funeral Service  Consumer Information About Funerals

Further Info
• Montana Funeral Directors Association • Local Funeral Home

National Info
• Phone numbers • Websites • Mailing addresses

Definitions of Terms Section p. 7
• Cremains: Cremated human remains

National Info
• AARP • Cremation Association of North America • Funeral Consumers Alliance

National Info
• Funeral Service Consumer Assistance Program • Funeral Service Educational Foundation

National Info
• International Cemetery & Funeral Association • National Funeral Directors Association • National Selected Morticians

Cremation
Questions?


				
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