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50 Years Meteorological Satellit


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									       50 Years
 of Meteorological
Satellite Experiments

         Hank Revercomb, Director
Space Science and Engineering Center (SSEC)

            2 November 2009
     Monona Terrace Convention Center
           Madison, Wisconsin
       Juno on pad                  Explorer VII

Bob Parent and Vern Suomi working on the sensor package
    The Parent-Suomi Team

Co-founders of SSEC, inventors ATS spin-scan camera
      Suomi and Parent Families
• Lois (Suomi) Young, Daughter     • Winifred M. Parent, Wife
   – Charles Young, Husband        • Patricia Callaway, Daughter
   – Elaine Young, Granddaughter
                                      – John Barnes, Grandson
• Stephen Suomi, Son                  – Kristina Storage, Granddaughter
• Eric Suomi, Son                     – Michelle & Kimberly, Great
• Judy Maki, Niece                                       Granddaughters
                                   • Barbara Parent, Daughter
                                   • John Parent, Son
                                      – Jonathan Parent, Grandson
                                   • Celeste Klein
  Historic Wisconsin Connections
 with Weather and Climate Research
                                “Wisconsin” Statue
• Verner Suomi: Father of
  Satellite Meteorology
• Gaylord Nelson: Father of
  Earth Day (Wisconsin
 Governor on 13 October 1959)
• Increase Lapham: Father
  of the U.S. Weather Service
      Herb Kohl:
Senator’s Statement (excerpt)
   on the 50th Anniversary
                              Tammy Baldwin:
                       Statement on the 50th Anniversary
                   Although I am not able to be with you personally this evening,
                   I want to recognize and honor the 50th anniversary of the first
                   successful satellite meteorology experiment.

On October 13, 1959, Verner Suomi and colleague, Robert Parent, from the
University of Wisconsin-Madison measured the radiative energy balance of earth
via satellite. This groundbreaking experiment began a new age of satellite
meteorology, and represented the culmination of a vision to utilize rocket
technology to increase our understanding of earth and our climate. Suomi, the
"Father of Satellite Meteorology," began the University of Wisconsin-Madison's
historic legacy in the development of satellite meteorology. Over the past fifty
years, UW-Madison has continued to build upon this legacy through close
research collaboration with the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.

Professors Suomi and Parent typify the Wisconsin Idea that the application of
university research should be used to better the global community as a whole. I
salute the efforts of past, present, and future satellite researchers and am deeply
grateful for their contributions to our community.
     The Wisconsin Idea--
A philosophy that Education should influence
   and improve people’s lives beyond the
           university classroom

• Satellite instrumentation is an example with
  great societal benefit
• As usual, Vern made a remarkably simple
  statement of the importance of Explorer VII:
  “Meteorologists have up to now been limited
  to viewing clouds from the bottom up rather
  than from the outside of the atmosphere
  down towards the earth.”
Verner E. Suomi (1915-1995)
Father of Satellite Meteorology
 Keep it

                         a critical
                            eye on
                       earth & its
Verner E. Suomi (1915-1995)
Father of Satellite Meteorology
 Keep it
           “Verner Suomi was a giant of modern science.
           His inventions were simple and elegant, and
           their consequences are ubiquitous. Anyone
           looking at a satellite image of the earth on
           the evening weather is looking at the product
           of a rare mind”           John D. Wiley, 1995
And it was very good
        Oral History Participants
• Bob Fox (Moderator) (SSEC Executive Director 1980-2000;
  Air Force connections)
• Tom Haig (SSEC Executive Director, 1970-1980;
  Air Force connections)
• Don Johnson (Faculty/Scientific Colleague)
• Bill Smith (CIMSS Director/Scientific Colleague, Mentee)
• Larry Sromovsky (SSEC Scientist/Scientific Colleague)
• Chuck Stearns (Faculty Colleague, student at time of
  Explorer VII launch; worked on instrumentation)
• Tom Vonder Haar (Scientific Colleague, PhD student)

     Oral history will be available on the SSEC web site
          and will be deposited in the UW Archives,
             UCAR Archives, and SSEC Library
A huge thank you to Paul Menzel, Jean Phillips, and the 50th planning
     committee who conceived of and made this event happen
The 50th anniversary planning committee

             Tom Achtor
            Leanne Avila
            Joann Banks
              Bill Bellon
               Dan Bull
            Linda Hedges
            Mark Hobson
              Rick Kohrs
             Dave Martin
           Margaret Mooney
            Mark Mulligan
              Will Robus
             Maria Vasys
             Gary Wade
                         Gary Davis:
            NOAA’s Environmental Satellite Program:
                  Past, Present, and Future

• Director, Office of Systems Development, NOAA/NESDIS
• Responsible for program management, planning,
  requirements and acquisition of the nation’s civil remote
  sensing satellites and their associated ground systems
• OSD: >$1/2 B budget, 165 on-site personnel
• 2002 Presidential rank award for outstanding service
  1994 Dept of Commerce Gold Medal (highest Dept honor)
  1989 NOAA Administrator’s award, and many others
• Transplanted New Yorker, lives in Maryland with wife Mona
  University of Maryland graduate
                     Franco Einaudi:
               50 Years of Meteorological Satellite
              Experiments – The NASA Perspective

• Director, Earth Sciences Division of the
  Sciences and Exploration Directorate, GSFC, NASA
• Diverse career, including
  8 years professor, Georgia Institute of Technology
  10 year CIRES, University of Colorado, Boulder
  2 years postdoctoral fellow, Physics Dept, U. of Toronto
• 2006 President of AMS
• Native of Turin, Italy, Ph.D. Cornell University
                   Jérôme Lafeuille:
             50 Years of Innovation and Cooperation
                    in Satellite Meteorology

• 2005-present: World Meteorological Organization,
  Geneva, Switzerland--Chief of the Space-based
  Observing Division, Space Programme Office
• 1998-2005: Meteo-France--Director of the Satellite
  Meteorology Centre in Lannion
• 1993-1998: EUMETSAT--Head of International Affairs
  and served as Secretary of the Coordination Group for
  Meteorological Satellites (CGMS)
• Graduate of Ecole Polytechnique in Paris
                    Terence (Terry) F. Kelly:
                    Introducing Satellite Data to the Public –
                               Back to the Future

•   Chairman, CEO, and principal owner of Weather Central, Inc., and its sister
    company, MyWeather, LLC
•   A leader in the development of innovative weather display & forecasting
    equipment, software, and services for over 30 years and
    holds several US & international patents
•   Received AMS Seal of Approval, and award for
    Outstanding Service by a Broadcast Meteorologist
•   Founded ColorGraphics Systems, Inc and New Star
•   2003: Named “Entrepreneur of the Year” in Wisconsin by Ernst & Young
•   Terry is also a founding investor in Air America Radio, and is involved in many
    local community projects including Chairman of the Aldo Leopold Nature Center,
    President of Madison Fireworks Fund, Inc. which hosts Madison’s annual
    Independence Day celebration “Rhythm & Booms”, and Board Member of the
    Madison Symphony Orchestra.
•   Degree in Meteorology from University of Wisconsin-Madison and lives in Madison
    with his wife Mary
                         John Lewis:
                     Suomi: Pragmatic Visionary

• National Severe Storms Laboratory Research Meteorologist,
  Adjunct Professor, Desert Research Institute, Reno, NV
• John couples theory of dynamic data assimilation with the
  practical problem of numerical weather prediction
• Career path has included National Meteorological Center,
  Fleet Numerical Weather Center, and the Space Science and
  Engineering Center
• Degrees from U. of Chicago and U. of Oklahoma
• Avocations: baseball, art, and history of science.
  John’s training in baseball is from the sandlot leagues in
  Sacramento, CA, and through lengthy discussions with
  colleagues in Madison, Wisconsin.
                     Fred House:
          Suomi’s ERB Experiments on Explorer
                VII and TIROS Satellites

• Professor of Atmospheric Science, Drexel University
• In 39th year of teaching students at Drexel
• June 1960: began 5 years of Graduate School at
  University of Wisconsin-Madison
• BS degrees in math/physics at North Texas State
  University, and in meteorology at Penn State under
  the Air Force Weather Officer training program. He
  was stationed in France for 3 years and forecast
  weather in Europe supporting NATO forces
                Keynote--Tom Vonder Haar:
                            Science Investigations:
                           The Legacy of Explorer VII
• Distinguished Professor of Atmospheric Science,
  Emeritus Director, CIRA, Colorado State University
• Department head for 10 years (1974-1984), during which CSU became
  recognized as one of the top Atmospheric Science graduate programs in
  the US
• 1980: Founded Cooperative Institute for Research in the Atmosphere
  (CIRA) at CSU, a university research center in partnership with NOAA, the
  National Park Service, and the Department of Defense
• Advisor for 30 Ph.D. and > 100 M.S. graduate students
• AMS Fellow and 1982 Charney Award recipient,
  named University Distinguished Professor at CSU in 1995, and elected
  Member of Academy of Engineering in 2003
• Ph.D. under Vern Suomi in 1967 published the first global, multi-seasonal
  measurements of Earth’s Radiation Budget using data from four NASA
  and US Air Force satellites carrying the “Suomi” and other radiation
               Vern helped to         Cosmonaut Training Center
              celebrate Sputnik        & Space Museum tours

                   in 1987

   “Spacebo Sputnik”

                                           GATE friend’s home

30th Anniversary of Sputnik, Moscow
               Vern helped to
              celebrate Sputnik
                   in 1987

                 Thank You Vern and Bob
                 Gracias, Danke, Merci,
                 спасибо!, Xie Xie, Arigato

30th Anniversary of Sputnik, Moscow
Sculpture by Mike Shah
                         I am very happy to share this
                         moment of joy and
                         satisfaction...the Suomi
                         Sculpture is ready for display. I
                         thank you for this opportunity
                         to honor Dr Suomi...with this
                         Bronze relief sculpture...that
                         will inspire many generations
                         ahead. I have always been
                         inspired by Dr Suomi's
                         dedication to Science, and feel
                         fortunate to have worked with
                         him as one of his engineers.

                              Sincerely, Mike Shah
                            (Sculptor, PhD Engineer)
The Suomi Science Museum
    at the University of Wisconsin-Madison
  A vision we hope to make a reality soon

  Anecdote to Share?

   Open Mic at 8:30
Moderated by Paul Menzel

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