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Good News For Bad People 11 “Father Abraham” (Romans 41-25)

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Good News For Bad People 11 “Father Abraham” (Romans 41-25) Powered By Docstoc
					                                                           • Another message about a free gift -
                                                             the free gift of eternal life offered by God
     Good News For Bad People                                  •   promoted by Paul
                                                               •   opposed by the Jews
          11. “Father Abraham”                                 •   defended in Romans
                                                               •   summarised in the opening chapter
              (Romans 4:1-25)




                                                           • Another message about a free gift -
  I am not ashamed of the gospel, because
  it is the power of God for the salvation of              • The free gift of eternal life offered by God
  everyone who believes: first for the Jew,                  himself
  then for the Gentile. For in the gospel a                    • promoted by Paul
  righteousness from God is revealed, a                        • opposed by the Jews
  righteousness that is by faith from first to                 • defended in Romans
  last, just as it is written: “The righteous                  • summarised in the opening chapter
  will live by faith.”                                         • unpacked in chapters 1-3
                             (Romans 1:16-17)




Father Abraham (chapter 4)                                 Father Abraham (chapter 4)

• Why is it here?                                          On what basis did Abraham and David relate to
• What relevance does it have for us?                      God?

The Gospel – consistent with the Hebrew                    • Three negative points:
  Scriptures
  “But now a righteousness from God, apart from law, has     1. A person is not justified by works
  been made known, to which the Law and the Prophets            (vv 1-8)
  testify .” (Romans 3:21)
                                                             2. A person is not justified by circumcision
 • An example from                                              (vv 9-12)
    • the Book of Genesis - Abraham
    • the Book of Psalms - David                             3. A person is not justified by the law
                                                                (vv 13-17a)
Father Abraham (chapter 4)                             1. A person is not justified by works (v 1-8)
A positive conclusion (verses 17b-25) -                How did Abraham get right with God?
a person is justified by faith alone – faith in
God’s promises                                         • Jewish tradition - by his works
                                                               “Abraham was perfect in all his dealings with
        • Abraham                                              the Lord and gained favour by his
                                                               righteousness throughout his life.”
        • the Christian
                                                                (Jubilees 23: 10)

                                                       • the Scriptures - by faith
                                                               “Abram believed the Lord, and he credited it
                                                               to him as righteousness.” (Genesis 15:6)




1. A person is not justified by works (vv 1-8)         1. A person is not justified by works (vv 1-8)

“credited” by God                                        The key point in what David says in Psalm
  • not wages                                            32 for Paul is that the people who are
  • an undeserved gift received by faith                 blessed are not those who have earned
                                                         something from God; they are the ones
“God justifies the wicked”!!
                                                         who have received something from him.
likewise with David                                                                     (Douglas Moo)
  “Blessed are they
  whose transgressions are forgiven,
  whose sins are covered.                                Faith was not the reason for their
  Blessed is the man                                     justification, but the means by which God’s
  whose sin the Lord will never count against him. ”     righteousness was received.
                                  (Romans 4:7-8)
                                                                                        (Stuart Olyott)




2. A person is not justified by circumcision           2. A person is not justified by circumcision
                                          (vv 9-12)
                                                       Jews and Gentiles
Circumcision                                           Can you see what this means? The Jews say
                                                       that Abraham is their father, and nobody else
 • was given after Abraham was justified by God        enjoys this privilege. They are wrong.
                                                       Abraham is the father of uncircumcised
 • signifies what has already happened                 believers for he himself was in that condition
                                                       when he was justified. And he is the father of
                                                       circumcised believers. This is not because
                                                       they have a circumcision like his, but because
                                                       they have a faith like his.
                                                                                         (Stuart Olyott)
3. A person is not justified by the law (vv 13-17a)   3. A person is not justified by the law (vv 13-17a)

How do people inherit God’s promises?                 Law and promise belong to different categories of
                                                      thought, which are incompatible. Law-language
• by law – God’s wrath                                (“you shall”) demands our obedience, but
   • even worse for the Jew                           promise-language (“I will”) demands our faith.
                                                      What God said to Abraham was not “Obey this
                                                      law and I will bless you”, but “I will bless you”;
• by faith – God’s blessing
                                                      believe my promise.”                      (John Stott)

                                                      So, a person is not justified
                                                        • by works, but by faith
                                                        • by circumcision but by faith
                                                        • by law but by faith




A faith like Abraham’s? (vv 17b-25)                   A faith like Abraham’s? (vv 17b-25)

 Faith in God and in his promises – in “the                  Father Abraham had many sons –
 God who gives life to the dead and calls                  and I am one of them – and so are you
 things that are not as though they were.”                                Are you?
 (verse 17)
                                                      A free offer with no strings attached
• Abraham (verses 18-22)
   • the birth of a son                               “… if you confess with your mouth, “Jesus is
                                                       Lord,” and believe in your heart that God
• The Christian (verses 23-25)                         raised him from the dead, you will be saved.
   • the death and resurrection of God’s Son           For it is with your heart that you believe and
                                                       are justified, and it is with your mouth that
                                                       you confess and are saved.”
                                                                                         (Romans 10:9-10)

				
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