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BASIC FIREARMS COURSE

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					                      LESSON PLAN COVER SHEET

SUBJECT:         Firearms                           UNIT: Basic Training




INSTRUCTOR:      Kevin Huffman                      PHONE:


TIME ALLOTTED:


INSTRUCTIONAL AIDS:     Lesson plan
                        Handouts
                        Overhead Projector
                        Smith & Wesson Revolver
                        Automatic pistol
                        Pump shotgun

STUDENT MATERIALS:      Pen and paper


PREREQUISITE EXPERIENCE OF THE LEARNER:                    None required


GOAL:      1.    To familiarize the student with the basic nomenclature and
                 functions of the revolver, semi-automatic pistol, and pump
                 shotgun.
           2.    To familiarize the student with the basic shooting principles
                 required to accurately and effectively operate a pistol and
                 shotgun.
           3.    To familiarize the student with common shooting problems
                 and how to correct them.
           4.    To familiarize the student with maintenance procedures for
                 firearms.
           5.    To familiarize the student with firearms safety procedures.


DATE PREPARED: 10-1-98                              DATE REVISED:


PREPARED BY:     Kevin Huffman                      REVISED BY:
                          INSTRUCTOR LESSON PLAN




SUBJECT:     Firearms                                  UNIT: Basic Training




LESSON OBJECTIVES:


1.    The student will be able to identify the different parts of a revolver.
2.    The student will be able to identify the different parts of an automatic
      pistol.
3.    The student will be able to identify the different parts of a pump shotgun.
4.    The student will be able to list the basic principles of effective shooting.
5.    The student will be able to list the most common shooting deficiencies.
6.    The student will be able to explain methods of correcting shooting
      deficiencies.
7.    The student will be able to demonstrate disassembly and cleaning of
      various firearms.
8.    The student will be able to demonstrate clearing different weapons
      malfunctions.
9.    The student will be able to identify basic firearms safety procedures.
10.   The student will be able to list range safety rules.
11.   The student will be able to explain the Wise County Sheriff’s Firearms
      Policy.
12.   The student will be able to explain the Texas Penal Code Use of Force.
13.   The student will be able to demonstrate a proficiency with firearms on the
      gun range using live ammunition.
                          INSTRUCTOR’S LESSON PLAN


I.     PREPARATION

This course is designed to familiarize you with the various types of firearms, their
parts, and functions. You will also learn basic shooting principles, common
shooting errors and how to correct them, firearms liability issues, as well as
firearms safety procedures. Upon successful completion of the classroom
instruction, you will demonstrate your ability to effectively operate a handgun and
shotgun on the firing range.


II.    PRESENTATION

KEY TOPIC POINTS                          ELABORATION ON KEY POINTS

I.     REVOLVER             A.     BARREL:   Pinned/screwed
       NOMENCLATURE                1.   LANDS: the high part of the slots cut into
                                          the inside of the barrel.
                                   2.     GROOVES: the low part of the slots cut
                                          into the inside of the barrel.
                                   3.     FORCING CONE: conical portion at the
                                          beginning end of the barrel where the
                                          bullet enters, which sets up the bullet for
                                          entering the barrel.
                                   4.     MUZZLE: the end of the barrel where the
                                          bullet exits.
                                   5.     BARREL LUG/SHROUD:
                                          aa. LUG: device that supports the fore
                                          end of the ejection rod.
                                          bb. SHROUD: portion of the barrel that
                                          partially encloses the ejector rod.

                            B.     FRONT SIGHT: located on top of barrel near
                                   muzzle.
                            C.     FRAME: basic body of a handgun that houses
                                   the internal parts.
                            D.     TOP STRAP: upper part of frame to which the
                                   rear sight is attached.
                            E.     REAR SIGHT: located on rear portion of top
                                   strap.
                                   1. ADJUSTABLE: can move horizontally and
                                   laterally to change point of impact on target.
                                   2. FIXED: usually slots cut into top strap of gun.
KEY TOPIC POINTS        ELABORATION ON KEY POINTS

                   F.   HAMMER: portion that usually contains firing
                        pin or strikes the firing pin when firing the
                        weapon.
                        1. FIRING PIN: located on the hammer or in the
                            frame which strikes the cartridge primer.
                        2. SAFETY BLOCK: usually a steel bar which
                            stops the hammer from striking the firing
                            pin unless the trigger is pulled.
                        3. SPUR: rear section of the hammer which is
                            used to draw the hammer back by using the
                            shooter’s thumb.
                   G.   CYLINDER LATCH: located to the rear of the
                        cylinder which unlocks the cylinder so it can be
                        opened.
                   H.   CYLINDER: contains a number of chambers in
                        which the cartridges are placed.
                        1. CHAMBERS: actually house the cartridges.
                        2. CRANE/YOKE: holds the cylinder and allows
                            it to swing out of the frame for loading or
                            unloading.
                        3. EJECTOR ROD: located at the front of the
                            cylinder which extracts the cartridges from
                            the chambers.
                   I.   TRIGGER GUARD: part of the frame that
                        encloses the trigger.
                   J.   TRIGGER: when pulled, it enables the hammer
                        to rise and fall to strike the firing pin.
                        1. COMBAT TRIGGER: smooth finish & slightly
                            larger than standard trigger.
                        2. TARGET TRIGGER: widest trigger with
                            grooves for maximum finger placement.
                   K.   STOCKS/GRIPS: portion of weapon grasped
                        with the hand.
                   L.   SIDE PLATE: can be removed to allow repair to
                        inner parts of weapon.
                   M.   BACK STRAP: rearward part of grip.
                   N.   BUTT: lower part of grip.
KEY TOPIC POINTS           ELABORATION ON KEY POINTS

II.    AUTOMATIC      A.   SLIDE: houses the firing pin, extractor, and
       NOMENCLATURE        ejector.
                      B.   DISASSEMBLY LATCH: allows the slide to be
                           removed from the frame for maintenance.
                      C.   SLIDE STOP: causes the slide to lock open on
                           an empty magazine.
                      D.   MAGAZINE RELEASE: allows the magazine to
                           be removed when depressed.
                      E.   MAGAZINE: houses the cartridges and feeds
                           them into the chamber for firing.
                      F.   TYPES OF SEMI-AUTOMATIC PISTOLS
                           1. SINGLE ACTION: fired by first cocking the
                              hammer and pressing the trigger. There is
                              also a half-cock position.
                           2. DOUBLE ACTION: hammer is cocked and
                              released by pressing the trigger on the first
                              shot. Subsequent shots are in single action
                              mode. Most have a de-cocker/safety for
                              lowering the hammer.
                           3. DOUBLE ACTION ONLY: fired by pressing
                              the trigger. Hammer returns to double action
                              mode after each shot.

III.   REVOLVER       A.   PREPARATION
       MAINTENANCE         1. Unload the weapon
                           2. Inspect chambers and barrel to be empty
                           3. Wipe excess oil from all surfaces
                      B.   INSPECTION
                           1. Check for loose screws and tighten.
                           2. Check cylinder assembly.
                               a. cylinder rotates freely in frame
                               b. cylinder opens and closes freely
                               c. cylinder does not open when hammer is
                                  cocked & hammer does not cock when
                                  cylinder open.
                               d. 2 pins flush/below star
                               e. check under star for powder/oil
                               f. check ease of extraction by working rod
                           3. Check double action trigger pull/hammer
                           4. Check push-off with hammer cocked
                           5. Check ejector rod for looseness
                           6. Check for cylinder/crane tightness
                           7. Check hammer nose & hole for chips/burs
                           8. Check for fly-by or skip
KEY TOPIC POINTS            ELABORATION ON KEY POINTS

                       C.   CLEANING
                            1. Assemble a cleaning kit to include:
                               a. cleaning rod
                               b. bore brushes
                               c. bore solvent
                               d. cleaning jags
                               e. patches
                               f. nylon toothbrush
                               g. stainless steel brush
                               h. lubricant
                               i. gun cloth
                            2. Steps for cleaning a revolver
                               a. Unload and remove ammo.
                               b. Use rod and bore brush (dry) to clean
                                  bore with one continuous motion.
                               c. Put bore solvent on brush and clean
                                  barrel and cylinders.
                               d. Use a toothbrush and solvent to brush
                                  front and back of cylinder, forcing cone,
                                  top strap, and star.
                               e. Use clean rag to wipe down pistol.
                               f. Use rod and patch holder to remove
                                  solvent from barrel and chambers.
                               g. Lightly oil moving parts of pistol.

IV.   SEMI-AUTOMATIC
      MAINTENANCE      A.   PREPARATION & INSPECTION
                            1. Remove magazine and clear chamber
                            2. Function check magazines
                            3. Inspect magazines for cracks/loose floor
                                plate
                            4. Check trigger operation in single and double
                                action mode.
                            5. Cock hammer and check de-cocking lever.
                            6. Check muzzle, chamber, and barrel hood.
                            7. Check slide and frame for cracks.
                            8. Check extractor for chips.
                            9. Check sights for looseness.
                            10. Check inside frame for cracks
                                (disassembly).
                            11. Check ejector
                            12. Check firing pin
                            13. Check safety
                            14. Check magazine disconnect (if present).
KEY TOPIC POINTS          ELABORATION ON KEY POINTS

                    B.    CLEANING
                          1. Remove magazine and empty chamber.
                          2. Follow manufacturer’s guidelines for
                             disassembly.
                          3. Clean in same manner as revolver.
                          4. Lightly lubricate according to
                             manufacturer’s specifications.
                          5. Re-assemble as specified by manufacturer.


V.   SEMI-AUTOMATIC SAFETY CONSIDERATIONS

                    A.    CARRY CONDITIONS
                          1. Single action: Condition One-Cocked &
                              Locked.
                          2. Double action: De-cocked and safety off.
                          3. Double action only: fully loaded safety off.
                    B.    MODIFICATIONS
                          1. DO NOT bypass magazine disconnect.
                          2. DO NOT add trigger shoes.
                          3. DO NOT allow someone to work on pistol
                              that is not a factory trained armorer!
                    C.    HOME CONSIDERATIONS
                          1. Keep pistol out of sight
                          2. Safest method of storage is to separate
                              ammo from weapon.
                          3. Use a lock box or cabinet
                          4. Educate family members
                          5. DO NOT keep pistol close to bed in firing
                              mode.
                    D.    ACCIDENTAL DISCHARGES
                          Four steps must occur for the gun to discharge:
                          1. The weapon must be functional & working
                          2. It must be loaded
                          3. It must be pointed at something
                          4. The trigger must be pressed!!
                          NOTE: Some pistols do not have a firing pin
                          block and may discharge when dropped.
KEY TOPIC POINTS        ELABORATION ON KEY POINTS


                   E.   HOT RANGE CONCEPT
                        1. All weapons on range will be loaded on
                           command.
                        2. Once loaded, you must be on the firing line
                           and under command to withdraw the
                           weapon from its holster.
                        3. It is the shooters responsibility to keep
                           magazines full.
                        4. Magazine in weapon may be recharged by
                           withdrawing it from gun while in the holster,
                           then replacing.
                        5. Muzzle must always be pointed down range
                           when unholstered on the firing line.

                   F.   COLD RANGE CONCEPT
                        1. All weapons on the range are empty,
                           magazine removed, and slide open.
                        2. Weapons are only loaded on firing line and
                           under command.
                        3. Once finished with firing commands,
                           weapons are unloaded before leaving firing
                           line.

VI.   STOPPAGES:        Anything that interrupts the firing cycle.

                   A.   FAILURE TO FEED: When round fails to
                        chamber completely.
                        1. Magazine not seated completely
                        2. Bad ammunition
                        3. Damaged magazine, follower, spring, lips.
                        4. Dirty weapon or improperly lubricated.
                   B.   FAILURE TO FIRE: Firing mechanism functions
                        but weapon does not fire.
                        1. No round in chamber
                        2. Bad round in chamber
                        3. Slide out of battery
                        4. Damaged weapon: Firing pin or hammer
                           spring.
                   C.   FAIL TO EXTRACT: Weapon fires but case
                        stays in chamber.
                        1. Debris under extractor (maintenance)
                        2. Bad ammunition (case rim too small)
                        3. Broken extractor
KEY TOPIC POINTS             ELABORATION ON KEY POINTS

                      D.     FAIL TO EJECT: Weapon fires but case is
                             caught between bolt face and chamber
                             (stovepipe)
                             1. Shooter Induced
                                 a. Limp wrist
                                 b. Arms not locked
                             2. Bad Ammunition: No power to operate slide
                             3. Broken extractor
                             4. Dirty weapon: improperly lubricated

VI.    STOPPAGE CLASSIFICATIONS

                      A.     PHASE I: Non-mechanical stoppages that can
                             be quickly cleared: No round in chamber, bad
                             round, magazine not seated, stovepipe.
                             1. Failure to feed
                             2. Failure to fire
                             3. Failure to eject
                      B.     PHASE II: Non-mechanical stoppages that can
                             be cleared, but require more time.
                             1. Double feed
                             2. Two failures to feed
                             3. Fail to extract
                      C.     PHASE III: Mechanical failures that require an
                             armorer to correct.
                             1. Breakage
                             2. Wear

VII.   CLEARING A STOPPAGE

                      A.     PHASE I         ( 1.5 to 3 seconds)
                             1. TAP          the magazine with the off hand.
                             2. RACK         the slide as chambering a round.
                             3. BANG         Press the trigger
                      B.     PHASE II        ( use if PHASE I drill does not
                                             Work. 8-12 seconds)
                             1. RIP          magazine out & let it fall.
                             2. RACK         the slide 2+ times to clear
                                             malfunction.
                             3. RELOAD new magazine and chamber
                                             round.
                      C.     PHASE III       Stoppage with slide stuck
                                             forward
                             1. Release magazine
                             2. Use web of weapon hand to drive “through”
                                 the grip, forcing the slide to move.
                             3. Once cleared, reload.
KEY TOPIC POINTS             ELABORATION ON KEY POINTS

VIII.   PUMP SHOTGUN   Repeating shotguns operated by a working slide are
        NOMENCLATURE   called slide action or pump shotguns. Operating cycle
                       Consists of moving the slide rearward to open action,
                       extract and eject a fired shell, and cock the hammer,
                       and return the slide forward to chamber a new shell
                       and close the action.
                       A.     BARREL:
                              1. smoothbore
                              2. Length: minimum 18”
                              3. Coke: amount of constriction at muzzle
                       B.     BREECH BLOCK
                       C.     BUTT PLATE
                       D.     EJECTION PORT
                       E.     FORE-END
                       F.     FRONT SIGHT
                       G.     LOADING PORT
                       H.     MAGAZINE
                       I.     MUZZLE
                       J.     SAFETY
                       K.     SLIDE RELEASE
                       L.     RECEIVER
                       M.     STOCK
                       N.     TRIGGER
                       O.     TRIGGER GUARD
KEY TOPIC POINTS               ELABORATION ON KEY POINTS


IX.   SHOTGUN MAINTENANCE
                A.   CLEANING
                     1. Unload weapon of all ammo.
                     2. Remove barrel retaining nut
                     3. Lift barrel out of receiver
                     4. Dry brush barrel several times
                     5. Use solvent to brush barrel again
                     6. Clean exterior, bolt, and bolt face with nylon brush
                     7. Check extractor and firing pin
                     8. Wipe down weapon with dry cloth
                     9. Wipe inside barrel with dry patch
                     10. Re assemble shotgun.

X.    SHOOTING PRINCIPLES:     Stance, grip, sight picture, trigger control.

                   A.    STANCE: Basically a shooting platform. Always use
                         whatever is comfortable for individual shooter.
                         1. ISOSCELES: Straight forward, square to target.
                         Body is slightly crouched with both arms forward and
                         locked at elbows at eye level. Recoil is controlled by
                         grip strength.
                         2. WEAVER: Entire body blades away from target at 45
                         degree angle. Weapon arm is forward and the elbow is
                         bent downward. Support arm elbow is bent straight to
                         the ground. Recoil is controlled by pushing with
                         weapon
                         hand and pulling with support hand.
                         3. MODIFIED: Lower body is bladed at angle away from
                         target. Upper body faces toward target. Weapon arm
                         straight and support arm is flexed.

                   B.    GRIP: Weapon should be placed in the hand so a
                         straight line is formed with the barrel of the weapon
                         and the forearm. The webbing of the hand should be
                         fully under the tang of the back-strap. The support
                         hand should be placed with its fingers wrapped
                         around the knuckles of the weapon hand and the
                         thumbs locked.

                   C.    SIGHT PICTURE: Should be level on top and equal
                         distance on sides, placed on target point of impact.
                         Focus should be on the front sight.
KEY TOPIC POINTS               ELABORATION ON KEY POINTS

                   D.   TRIGGER CONTROL: The cornerstone of shooting
                        fundamentals. A steady pressure exerted on the
                        trigger straight to the rear to release the hammer and
                        fire the weapon and immediately allowing the trigger to
                        return so the weapon can be fired again. The finger
                        should continually maintain contact with the trigger.
                        1.      It is the most common problem with shooters
                        2.      If not done correctly, you will not hit what you
                                aim at.
                        3.      Has to be done properly, even when hurried.
                        4.      Trigger jerk and anticipation of recoil are most
                                common problems.
                        5.      Once mastered, it must be practiced to the
                                point where it is a subconscious act.
                        6.      Can be practiced with Ball & Dummy exercises.
                        7.      A shooter’s target will tell whether proper
                                trigger control is being used.
                        8.      To check for trigger control, shoot from 15-20
                                yards.
                        9.      The trigger must cause the hammer to fall
                                without disturbing the proper sight alignment!
KEY TOPIC POINTS               ELABORATION ON KEY POINTS

XI.   SHOOTING DEFICIENCIES

           A.      CHARACTERISTICS OF PROBLEM SHOOTER
                        1.   Poor vision
                             a. some people just do not see well, and for
                                 one reason or another, they have not had
                                 eyes examined.
                             b. Master eye confusion: switching eyes
                                 randomly. Weapon hand, weak eye shooter.
                             c. Possible solutions: have eyes checked and
                             corrected. Identify master eye.
                        2.   Weakness of hands
                        3.   Weak wrist, fingers
                        4.   Handicaps
                        5.   Fear/apprehension of firearms
                        6.   Anxiety of failure
                        7.   Fundamental areas
                             a. trigger jerks, pushes, pulls (finger
                                 placement)
                             b. sighting errors (misalignment, don’t use
                                 front sight).
                             c. improper grip
                             d. body position
                             e. draw problems
                             f. loading problems: drop rounds, magazine
                                 problems, spent case hung under star.
                             g. anticipating recoil


           B.      PROBLEM AREAS OF WEAPON
                        1.   Revolver
                             a.    trigger pressure
                             b.    ejector rod
                             c.    cylinder problems
                             d.    set screw
                        2.   Semi-automatic pistol
                             a.    feeding problems
                             b.    weapon maintenance
                             c.    shooter error
                             d.    ammunition
KEY TOPIC POINTS                ELABORATION ON KEY POINTS

XII.    LIABILITY ISSUES

XIII.   RANGE SAFETY

                           A.   Safety rules in themselves never prevented an
                                accident. It is the practice of safety rules to the
                                point where they become automatic that
                                prevents accidents.
                           B.   SHOOTERS MUST KNOW AT ALL TIMES:
                                1.     How the weapon works
                                2.     Whether it is loaded or not
                                3.     Where it is pointing
                                4.     Where their target is
                                5.     What their target is
                                6.     Where the bullet will go
                                7.     Where the bullet will stop
                           C.   W.C.S.O. RANGE RULES
                           D.   FIRING LINE COMMANDS
                                1.     I.P.S.C. Model
                                       a.       “Shooters ready?”
                                       b.       Pause
                                       c.       “Standby”
                                       d.       Command to fire “Shoot”
                                       e.       Whistle blow means:
                                                 “STOP SHOOTING”