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					      English Grammar

              Parts of Speech


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            Eight Parts of Speech


        Nouns


Interjections


     Adjectives



                  Conjunctions
              Word that names


A   Person


A   Place

       A Thing


               An Idea
            Kinds of Nouns

Common Nouns          Proper Nouns
 boy                   John
 girl
                       Mary
Singular Nouns        Plural Nouns
boy                    boys
girl
                       girls
Singular Possessive   Plural Possessive
 boy’s                 boys’
 girl’s                girls’
A word that expresses action or
  otherwise helps to make a
          statement     “be” verbs
                              &
                            taste
                             feel
                           sound
                            look
                          appear
                         become
                           seem
                           grow
                          remain
                            stay
 Every sentence must have




       a
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         Kinds of Verbs
   Action verbs express      Linking verbs make a
     mental or physical            statement by
           action.                connecting the
                                subject with a word
                                 that describes or
                                    explains it.

He rode the horse to
      victory.
                                  He has been sick.
The pronoun is a word used in place of one or more nouns.
     It may stand for a person, place, thing, or idea.

              Indefinite Pronouns
                   anybody
                     each
                    either
                     none
               someone, one, etc.
   Modifies or describes a
     noun or pronoun.
                             Answers these questions:

Did you lose your address
         book?

Is that a wool sweater?


Just give me five minutes.
Modifies or describes
a verb, an adjective,       Answers the questions:
 or another adverb.

   He ran quickly.
  She left yesterday.
 We went there.

   It was too hot!      To what degree or how much?
 Interrogative
   Adverbs                  How did you break your
introduce questions                  leg?




                      How often do
                        you run?
                        Where did you put the
                           mouse trap?
  A preposition introduces a noun or pronoun
or a phrase or clause functioning in the sentence
  as a noun. The word or word group that the
       preposition introduces is its object.


  They received a postcard from Bobby telling

            about his trip to Canada.
   The preposition   never stands alone!

                                                      object of
                                                     preposition
                              preposition   object

You can press those leaves under glass.
                can have more than
                    one object
Her telegram to Nina and Ralph brought good news.
               object can have modifiers
     It happened during the last examination.
Some Common Prepositions

aboard     behind     from    throughout
 about     below        in         to
 above    beneath      into     toward
 across    beside      like      under
  after   between       of    underneath
against   beyond        off      until
 along       by         on         up
among      down       over       upon
around    during       past       with
   at     except      since     within
 before      for    through     without
       The conjunction
A conjunction is a word that joins words
          or groups of words.

                          or


               but
   The interjection
is an exclamatory word that expresses
              emotion
        Goodness! What a cute baby!




 Wow! Look at that
      sunset!
 That’s all for now. . .


 More Later
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