Common aims on Dartmoor Scheme strives to secure future for by etssetcf

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DA RT M O O R N E W S




Scenes on Dartmoor




Action for                                   Scheme strives                               The number of owners wanting to take
                                                                                          part has steadily increased over the
                                                                                                                                              Common aims                                Most Duchy tenants have in the past
                                                                                                                                                                                         signed up to environmental management
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   was to become the Dartmoor
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Commons Act 1985.

Wildlife                                     to secure future                             years and, as more ponies have been
                                                                                          approved, enclosures have been added                on Dartmoor                                agreements with the DNPA, managing
                                                                                                                                                                                         their farms in accordance with agreed     This gives the public a right of access to

Born largely from the conventions            for Dartmoor                                 to cater for them. Guided walks, now
                                                                                          offered by the DNPA during July and                 The Duchy’s largest single land holding
                                                                                                                                                                                         environmental objectives in exchange
                                                                                                                                                                                         for annual or capital works payments.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   the commons of Dartmoor, securing for
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   ever what had previously been enjoyed
emanating from the Earth Summit in                                                        August, are extremely popular and                   is its Dartmoor Estate. At 70,000 acres,   These are now gradually being replaced    only on a de facto basis. It also provides
Rio in 1992, Action for Wildlife aims to     ponies                                       help to increase understanding of the               it occupies around one third of the        by agreements with DEFRA under the        an important means of managing access
highlight wildlife conservation across the                                                ponies and how they are managed.                    whole Dartmoor National Park and           Environmentally Sensitive Area scheme     through the DNPA ranger service. This
whole of the Dartmoor National Park          A breeding programme aimed at                                                                    includes most of the high moor.            which has been extended to Dartmoor.      has proved invaluable in helping to
(DNP) – quite an undertaking!                improving the quality and type of            The scheme has had other benefits:                                                                                                       balance conservation with increasing
                                             Dartmoor ponies, designated by the           partnerships with the National Trust                The Duchy works closely with the           The DNPA occupies some Duchy              demand for visitor access, and is the
Dartmoor is already a centre of              Rare Breeds Society as ‘vulnerable’          and English Nature have enabled                     Dartmoor National Park Authority. This     properties, such as the former Duchy      foundation for a great deal of day-to-day
excellence for nature conservation           has resulted in over 350 colts and           young ponies to spend the winter on                 partnership exists at many levels, from    Hotel in Princetown, which is now         liaison between the two organisations.
with its plethora of designations: Sites     fillies being born and registered to date.   less exposed coastal sites. In turn, their          DNP rangers and staff on the ground to     the popular High Moorland Visitor
of Special Scientific Interest, Special                                                   grazing helps conservation by                       senior executive staff of both             Centre. The permanent exhibition          With many common causes at heart,
Areas of Conservation, National              Launched 14 years ago, the                   encouraging the return of wild flowers              organisations, members of the DNP          includes a section about the Duchy’s      this working relationship with the DNPA
Nature Reserves and ESAs, to name            Dartmoor Pony Moorland Scheme                and plants on remote headlands.                     Committee and The Prince’s Council.        history on the moor. The north wing       continues to thrive.
just a few. Action for Wildlife seeks to     is backed by the Duchy of Cornwall,                                                              The Duchy and the DNPA are                 is the Duchy’s Dartmoor sub-office.       News compiled by Colin Sturmer and Chris Gregory
fill the gap that may not be catered for     the Dartmoor Pony Society, the               The scheme is successful, but for it                represented on numerous bodies which
by the many other schemes.                   DNPA and DEFRA Veterinary                    to continue to be so moorland pony                  meet to discuss rural matters in the       Other properties leased by the DNPA       Below: Dartmoor stream
                                             Service. It aims to produce hardy            owners must adopt a forward-looking                 south west.                                from the Duchy include the car park
Working with farm and land managers,         ponies which can stand up to the             attitude. The single most influential                                                          and visitor centre at Postbridge and
Action for Wildlife has undertaken in        harsh Dartmoor winters without               factor in improving the breed is the                At an operational level, the two           most of the road verges on the open
excess of 80 wildlife enhancement            needing extra food.                          bloodline. Delegates at the Dartmoor                organisations work closely together on     moor, which enables DNP rangers to
schemes, involving a huge range                                                           Pony Society International Convention               environmental projects. Initiatives have   control visitor parking and ice cream
of species and habitats.                     In summer 1988, 17 hardy Dartmoor            in 1995 acknowledged that the                       included bracken control programmes,       vending concessions.
                                             mares from seven owners and a pedigree       Dartmoor Pony Moorland Scheme is                    heather regeneration research, species
Salmon spawning beds have been               Dartmoor stallion supplied by a Duchy        the gene bank for the future of the breed.          projects and the conservation of           The Bronze Age settlement at
repaired by removing the source of silt      tenant were put into one moorland                                                                historic sites.                            Grimspound is a well preserved series
that chokes gravel beds. Sand martin         enclosure. The mares were inspected                                                                                                         of hut circles and enclosures and is a
nesting sites have been protected by         and approved by the Dartmoor Pony                                                                Much of the work of the Authority’s Dart   scheduled Ancient Monument. In a
‘contouring’ sand quarry bases to            Society, and pony handling pens were                                                             Biodiversity Project (identifying key      three-way guardianship agreement, the
prevent predator attack. Acres of scrub      built to make the gathering and loading                                                          species in the River Dart catchment area   DNPA manages Grimspound, with
have been removed and grazing                of the animals less stressful.                                                                   and operating conservation programmes)     occasional conservation and protection
reintroduced on grassland that is                                                                                                             and now the wider Dartmoor                 work taking place under the supervision
important for a rare plant, the              Visitors were able to view the                                                                   Biodiversity Project, takes place on       of English Heritage.
Deptford Pink.                               enclosure thanks to a right of                                                                   Duchy land. The Duchy and the DNPA
                                             access granted by the tenants, John                                                              each have their own long running           Long before the Countryside and
Action for Wildlife is supported by          and Diana Coaker of Sherberton                                                                   schemes to support the continued           Rights of Way Act 2000 opened up
the Dartmoor National Park Authority         Farm. Information boards were fixed                                                              existence and improvement of ponies        the prospect of statutory public access
(DPNA), English Nature, The                  to the entrance gates, and leaflets                                                              on Dartmoor. Shared conservation           rights to open areas around the
Environment Agency, the Duchy                were available at the DNP                    Above: 10th anniversary celebrations of ‘Taste of   objectives provide many opportunities      country, the Duchy and the DNPA
of Cornwall and DEFRA.                       Information Centre.                          the West’ at Two Bridges Hotel, Dartmoor            for environmental cooperation.             had already liaised closely on what
44                                                                                                                                                                                                                             EASTERN DISTRICT NEWS                   45




EASTERN DISTRICT NEWS
                                                                               autumn since records began,” Simon and Judith
                                                                               explain. “We shall never forget moving
                                                                               livestock, straw and fodder over land and roads
                                                                               that were flooded for six months.

                                                                               “There are still many problems facing farming
                                                                               but we feel we can face the future much better
                                                                               here and look forward to the challenges ahead.”




                                                                               Royal visit to
                                                                               Eastern District
Above: Bartletts Farmhouse
                             From Falconers                                    The Duke of Cornwall spent a day in the Eastern
                                                                               District on 4th October 2002. During the visit
                                                                                                                                    Above left and below:
                                                                                                                                    The water meadows
                                                                                                                                    at Louds Mill
                                                                                                                                                                 Water meadows          Rickyard wins
                             to Bartletts in                                   he officially opened the retirement cottages at
                                                                               Homeleaze and met the new tenants.                   Above right: Award winning
                                                                                                                                    Rickyard at Newton St Loe
                                                                                                                                                                 restored at Louds Mill CLA award
                             one (not so)                                      He also visited the Rickyard at Newton St Loe
                                                                               to see the barn conversion, met Duchy staff                                       Nick Finding, tenant of Fordington Farm at            The Rickyard, a traditional stone barn
                             easy move!                                        and presented certificates to the winners of
                                                                               The Duke of Cornwall’s Habitat Awards at the
                                                                                                                                                                 Dorchester, hopes to complete the restoration
                                                                                                                                                                 of 45 acres of water meadows with the aid of
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       conversion at Newton St Loe, has been selected
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       to receive an award under the Country Land
                                                                               Eastern District Office. A highlight of the day                                   a Countryside Stewardship Scheme grant.               and Business Association (CLA) Farm and
                             Simon and Judith Peach put their thinking         was the Tenants’ Lunch at Priston Mill.                                           Nick spotted the opportunity to provide aesthetic     Country Buildings award scheme.
                             caps on in 1999. Simon had succeeded to                                                                                             improvements and soon had the support of
                             the tenancy of Falconers Farm, Milton             The Duke also saw the Duchy’s new                                                 schools, colleges and local volunteers – he           The aim of the scheme is to show that rural
                             Falconbridge, 10 years before and Judith          development at Thicket Mead, Midsomer                                             even got the local fishing club onside!               buildings can give value for money as well
                             had the house how she wanted it – always          Norton. He then visited North Widcombe Farm,                                                                                            as being functionally sound and aesthetically
                             busy with bed & breakfast guests.                 Widcombe, where he was given a tour of the                                        The water meadows were created in the mid             pleasing in the context of their environment
                                                                               farm (which was awarded a silver medal in the                                     19th century, and fell into disuse in the 1950s.      and the landscape.
                             But the farm was hopelessly fragmented,           Duke of Cornwall’s Habitat Awards) ending with                                    The main channels and some of the drains had
                             needing two or three of them every morning        tea at the farmhouse with Colston and Celia                                       mostly survived and are now in good condition         The Rickyard is a listed stone and tile granary
                             and evening to bring the cows home, and           Gay, their three children and Colston’s parents.                                  after having been dredged, but all the carriers       that has been converted to offices. It now
                             the buildings were too small – accommodating                                                                                        and bottom drains have had to be re-cut with          provides 242 square metres of top quality air-
                             70 cows at best. Was it better to develop the                                                                                       a specialist plough (normally used in paddy           conditioned accommodation for Nelson Money
Below: Celia and             holding or move?                                                                                                                    fields!). The six oak sluice gates had to be          Manager plc, who use it for office and
Colston Gay of North                                                           Below: The Duke meeting villagers at Newton St Loe
Widcombe Farm                                                                                                                                                    replaced and their brickwork repaired.                conference facilities.
                             At the same time, David Browse decided
                             to retire from farming and Bartletts Farm in                                                                                        Nick says: “The fields had been sprayed and
                             Isle Brewers became vacant. The Duchy                                                                                               fertilised in the past but no longer, and in time
                             offered the tenancy to Simon. It was virtually                                                                                      the area should revert back to its original grasses
                             in a ring fence with a road through the middle,                                                                                     and wild flowers and enhance insect and other
                             and the buildings had potential, as did the                                                                                         wildlife habitats. Two large scrapes have been
                             house. Unfortunately the farm only had 230                                                                                          included to attract back snipe, waders, geese
                             acres and nowhere for Simon’s parents to live.                                                                                      and swans.”

                             Luck was on their side: two neighbouring                                                                                            The restoration work has been a success,
                             tenants retired, freeing up additional land,                                                                                        according to Nick. The meadow should flood
                             and the Duchy was given planning permission                                                                                         each year between December and February,
                             to convert the stone barn. The deal was done.                                                                                       providing a valuable insight into the workings
                             “The move itself was quite a challenge, coupled                                                                                     of water meadows in the past.
                             with the fact we were faced with the wettest                                                                                                               News compiled by Tom McCaw
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I S L E S O F S C I L LY N E W S

                            New staff at Hugh                                    A royal welcome
                            House and the                                        from the Isles
                            Harbour Office                                       of Scilly                                                                                                                                   Garden updates
                            Colin Sturmer is to succeed Jeremy Pontin as
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             for Tamarisk and
                            Land Steward. Colin has worked for the Duchy
                            since 1965, first in London, then moving to                                                                                                                                                      Hugh House
                            Dartmoor in 1970.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             In October 2001, during my first visit to the
                            As Deputy Land Steward he was responsible for                                                                                                                                                    Isles of Scilly, I discovered that Land Steward
                            the management of the 67,500 acre Dartmoor                                                                                                                                                       Jeremy Pontin was keen not only to redevelop
                            Estate within the Dartmoor National Park, as well
                            as the estuaries of the Tamar, Avon, Salcombe and
                                                                                                                                      Above: The Prince William
                                                                                                                                      being piloted into St Mary’s
                                                                                                                                      Harbour by Progress
                                                                                                                                                                     New pilot boat                                          the Tamarisk garden, but also that of Hugh
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             House, the Duchy office in Hugh Town.

Above: Colin Sturmer MVO
                            Dart, including seven marinas and over 4,000
                            moorings.                                                                                                 Above right: Jim Stephens at
                                                                                                                                      work in Tamarisk garden
                                                                                                                                                                     ensures safe passage                                    With the help of my colleague Jim Stephens,
FRICS who is to take over                                                                                                                                                                                                    who is a committed fan of the Islands, and the
as Land Steward.
                            He and his partner Janet will live in the White                                                                                          Following the Pilotage Act of 1987, the Duchy           gardener, Duncan Graham, a plan was devised.
Right: The Duke talks to    House on the Garrison on St Mary’s. A keen                                                                                               took over as the pilotage authority in addition         Duncan had already done a lot of work,
crowds on St Mary’s         runner, hill walker and sailor, Colin owns a                                                                                             to its role as harbour authority for St Mary’s.         clearing away the worst of the overgrown
                            1957 Barnett class Lifeboat, which he will take                                                                                                                                                  vegetation and cutting back some of the shrubs.
                            with him to the Islands.                                                                                                                 Since then, pilots John Nicholls and Jeremy             We decided to go for a complete overhaul of
                                                                                                                                                                     Phillips have provided the pilotage service             the front of Hugh House, and concentrate on
                            Irene Pearson has joined Hugh House as an                                                                                                on the Islands, successfully protecting many            the lower half of the garden around Tamarisk.
                            assistant secretary. Irene works part time for                                                                                           hundreds of vessels. The waters in and around
                            us in the summer months (when she also assists                                                                                           the Islands are extremely hazardous, and the            By spring 2002 the ground had been cleared
                            her husband, David, with their Hugh Town             The Duke of Cornwall visited the Islands on                                         role of the pilot, an expert seaman and navigator,      ready for the first consignment of plants.
                            bookshop) and full time in the winter. Irene was     7th June 2002.                                                                      is to help vessels negotiate dangerous waters safely.   Unfortunately, as can often happen when
                            formerly the deputy Superintendent Registrar                                                                                                                                                     transporting goods to the Islands, the weather
                            of the Islands.                                      His Royal Highness visited the Carn Gwarvel                                         To assist this process the Duchy bought Progress,       slowed proceedings. The plants had been
                                                                                 site of the newly Federated School, which                                           one of the Harwich Harbour Authority’s surplus          lovingly crated up – no mean feat considering
                            The principal staff change in the Harbour            embraces the five school sites on the Islands,                                      Nelson 44 Pilot boats, powered by twin 380 bhp          the size of the spikes on the Agaves – and were
                            Office was the sudden death in 1999 of Bill          and was given presentations by Members and                                          Volvo diesel engines. This is driven by Roy             on their way to Penzance when sailings were
                            Burrow, our deputy Harbour Master and                Officers of the Council and pupils and staff of                                     Lethbridge and Michael Shave, the Deputy                cancelled due to bad weather. Frustratingly, this
                            Boatman, which was a shock to us all. Bill,          the School.                                                                         and Assistant Harbour Masters.                          continued all week, also delaying the planting
                            who joined the Duchy in 1991 on his retirement                                                                                                                  News compiled by Jeremy Pontin   of a golden wood on Tresco in honour of The
                            following a distinguished career with the RNLI       Next stop was the Isles of Scilly Wildlife                                                                                                  Queen’s Golden Jubilee, for which part of the
                            as their full-time Engineer, was a much loved        Trust’s new Volunteer Centre in the recently                                                                                                consignment had been intended.
                            Island character. One of Bill’s favourite pastimes   refurbished and converted former Woolpack
                            was his responsibility for the Duchy launch          Battery on the Garrison. Here he met volunteers                                                                                             Eventually everything arrived safely, and the
                            Blue Dolphin.                                        working on environmental projects.                                                                                                          planting began. It is still a little fresh, but with
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             the speed at which plants grow on the Islands,
                            Bill’s successor is Roy Lethbridge, who is           Over 200 Duchy farm and business tenants                                                                                                    I hope to see the spaces filling in quickly.
                            returning to his roots in the Islands after a busy   were entertained by His Royal Highness with                                                                                                 In spring 2003 we plan to move on to the
                            maritime career. Roy is part of the famous           a buffet lunch at Tregarthen’s Hotel and tea                                                                                                next section of the garden.
                            Lethbridge family, four generations of whom have     after his short trip to St Martin’s in the Duchy’s
                            been born and bred on the Islands, descendants       launch Blue Dolphin.                                                                                                                        We have used this opportunity as a chance to
                            of a stone mason who arrived some 150 years                                                                                                                                                      experiment with plants not usually seen on the
                            ago to help build the granite tower of the Bishop    During his visit to St Martin’s, The Duke                                                                                                   Islands. Who knows – it might broaden the
                            Rock Lighthouse. Since his arrival in 1999, Roy      inspected a number of new building and                                                                                                      range of plants taking advantage of the unique
                            has had the challenging additional responsibility    improvement works which have been                    Right: Roy Lethbridge,                                                                 climate enjoyed by the Isles of Scilly.
                            of the Duchy’s new dedicated pilot boat Progress.    completed since his last visit in 1996.              Deputy Harbour Master                                                                                                          Tracy Wilson
48       I S L E S O F S C I L LY




                               Island faces: Joe Hicks                                                                                                                                                                 View across the Duchy’s Herefordshire estate




Above: Joe Hicks               Perhaps the oldest of the Hicks ‘clan’, all       a 27 ft boat, Penguin, and began               Editors:    Kirsteen Clark         Photographic Acknowledgements                       David Curtis – top right 39

Above right: The one that
                               related somehow, is Joe (Joseph Trenear).         operating 50 pots for lobsters which were                  Carolyn Smith                                                              Gary Swann – centre 31
didn’t get away!               Now 82 years old and living in a bungalow         sold at Newlyn. He was later joined by                     Brigid Way             The Duchy of Cornwall would                         George Bodnor – 4, top 37
                               at Telegraph with his wife Betty, he heads an     his eldest son Allan and together they                                            like to thank the following for                     John Poat – centre 12, bottom 37
                               immediate family of three children, eight         operated 100 pots.                             Design:     Gendall Design         their kind permission to reproduce                  Provincial Pictures – 20, 21, 23
                               grandchildren and one great grandchild.                                                                      92 Trevethan Road,     their photographs:
                                                                                 For some time Joe had a small farm                         Falmouth,
                               Born at Maypole Farm to Alfred and Bertha         tenancy where he grew flowers, potatoes                    Cornwall TR11 2AX      Alpha Press Agency – top left 2
                               (a Pezzack of Mousehole) Joe was one of           and vegetables which were sold on the                      www.gendall.co.uk      Andrew Lawson – top right 2
                               eight children – six boys and two girls. He       mainland. It was a useful source of                        studio@gendall.co.uk   www.agripix.co.uk – bottom 8, 14, top and
                               left school at 14 to work on his father’s farm,   income, particularly during the winter                     01326 316565           bottom 16, top 26
                               then at Parting Carn picking flowers.             months when there was no fishing, but                                             By permission of the British Library (Cotton
                                                                                 then – as now – transport costs were a         Printers:   Rowe the Printers      Nero. D. VI f.31) – top right inside front cover
                               It was the height of the 1930s Depression         large part of farmers’ annual outgoings.                   Hayle,                 Caroline Curtis Photography – bottom 34
                               and life was tough. Fortunately Joe’s father      When the cost of transporting potatoes to                  Cornwall TR27 4QZ      Dorset Echo – top two photos 22
                               also operated the Island’s milk round from        the mainland rose dramatically from £10                    01736 756435           Edward Parker – 28, 29, 30
                               his herd of four Jersey cows, and the extra       to £60 per ton, Joe ceased trading “abroad”.                                      Jonathon Page – 15, centre 16
                               income helped him to balance the books.                                                                                             Gibsons of Scilly – 11, bottom 32, 33, centre
                                                                                 On 14 May 1993, Penguin was moored                                                34, top right 46, 47, 48                            Environmental information
                               As is traditional for many Scillonians, a         up by the Old Quay so her engine could                                            By courtesy of the National Portrait Gallery,
                               seafaring life beckoned for Joe. He joined        be refitted. Joe’s nephew, John, selected                                         London – bottom 3                                   Printed using environmentally friendly
                               the Royal Navy in Plymouth at 17, serving         the wrong gear in his Mercedes which                                              Nick Finding – top left, centre, bottom 45          inks based on vegetable oils on Revive
                               throughout the Second World War.                  promptly drove off the Quay into the                                              Paul Burns – bottom 22, top 34, bottom 38           Silk recycled paper. Made in the UK,
                               Demobbed in 1945, he married Betty                boat. Fortunately Joe was not aboard and                                          Peartree Digital Photography – bottom 17            Revive Silk has excellent environmental
                               Williams of St Just-in-Penwith, who had           John escaped unharmed, but it was some                                            Percy Thomas Architects for                         credentials. At least 75 per cent of
                               come to the Islands during the war to join        time before the Islanders stopped teasing                                         Westbury Homes – top 20                             the furnish is made from 100 per cent
                               her married sister, Netty. One of their first     him about the installation of a new                                               Simon and Judith Peach (P C Mann) – top 44          de-inked post-consumer waste.
                               homes was The White House, believed to be         Mercedes engine in the Penguin!                                                                                                       The remaining 25 per cent is mill broke
                               one of the oldest dwellings on the Garrison.                                                                                        All other photographs are the copyright of the      and virgin fibre.
                                                                                 Joe and his cousin, Mike, were elected                                            Duchy of Cornwall and were taken by:
                               After a short spell with the local electricity    Councillors in 1988. They believed they                                                                                                      Fully recycleable and biodegradable
                               company, Joe joined the Coastguard Service        should stand as true born and bred Island                                         Charles Sainsbury-Plaice, Agripix – cover
                               as part of a five-man full time staff based at    representatives at a time when there were                                         photo, left and right 3, 5, 6, 7, top 8, 9, top            Totally Chlorine Free
                               Telegraph. Thirty years later, in 1981, he        a number of incomers standing for election.                                       10, top left & right 12, 13, 14, top three 17,
                               retired and was presented with the Imperial                                                                                         18, 19, 24, 25, bottom 26, 27, top right 29,               Elemental Chlorine Free
                               Service Medal by The Prince of Wales.             Joe now lives quietly with Betty,                                                 left & right 31, top 32, 35, 36, top 38, top left
                                                                                 supervising his large family and tending                                          39, 40, 41, 42, 43, centre and bottom 44, top              Eugropa Approved
                               Helped by a civil service pension, Joe            the garden.                                                                       right 45, top left 46, inside back cover
                               turned to fishing as a way of life. He bought                                   Jeremy Pontin                                       Chris Gregory – bottom 10                                  NAPM approved recycled product

								
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