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Passenger Van Safety

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					15-Passenger Van Safety
Ed Sullivan Safety Officer

Middlebury College

1 8/10/2008

Introduction
15-Passenger Vans & Safety Concerns  Previous College Policy  Response to NHTSA Report Classroom Training Practical Hands On Training
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Middlebury College

2 8/10/2008

Agenda
NHTSA Report  Accident Facts  15-Passenger Van Facts  Driving Tips  Check-Out Procedures Break  NSC Van Safety Program
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Middlebury College 3 8/10/2008

Vocabulary
NHTSA – National Highway Transportation Safety Administration.  NSC – National Safety Council  CDL – Commercial Driver’s License
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Middlebury College

4 8/10/2008

NHTSA Report
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15-passenger vans have a increased rollover risk under certain conditions The risk of rollover increases dramatically as the number of occupants increases from fewer than five occupants to over ten passengers. 15-passenger vans (with 10 or more occupants) had a rollover rate in single vehicle crashes that is nearly 3 x the rate of those that were lightly loaded.
5 8/10/2008

Middlebury College

NHTSA Report (continued)
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Loading 15-passenger vans causes the center of gravity to shift rearward and upward increasing the likelihood of rollover. Shift in the center of gravity will also increase the potential for loss of control in panic maneuvers. It is important that the van be operated by experienced drivers, they should understand and be familiar with the handling characteristics of their vans, especially when fully loaded.
6 8/10/2008

Middlebury College

NHTSA Reports (continued)
Institutions using 15-passenger vans should require seat belt use at all times.  Any load placed on the roof will be above the center of gravity of the vehicle and will increase the likelihood of rolling over.
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Middlebury College

7 8/10/2008

NHTSA OVERHEADS
Figure 1, Light Vehicle Crashes  Figure 2, Fatal Crashes  Figure 3, Single Vehicle Rollovers  Figure 4, Rollover Rate by Vehicle Type  Figure 5, Rollover by Vehicle Type  Figure 6, Rural Road Rollover  Figure 7, Freeway Rollover  Figure 8, Out of Control Vehicle  Figure 9, Vehicle Under Control http://www.nhtsa.dot.gov/hot/rollover/figures.html
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Middlebury College 8 8/10/2008

Overview
15-passenger Vans should be operated by experienced drivers.  In order to insure we have the most qualified drivers we now require: 3 years of driving experience Successfully complete classroom program Successfully complete a road test
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9 8/10/2008

Middlebury College

Accident Facts
25% of all driving accidents are the result of excessive speed.  70% of driving accidents occur within 25 miles from home.  1 out of 4 employees who drive experience an accident while at work.  Most people know someone who has died in a car accident.
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Middlebury College 10 8/10/2008

15-Passenger Van Facts
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A speed that may be acceptable in a passenger car could be dangerous in a van. A 16 passenger vehicle requires a CDL You should fill the front seats first. The center of gravity shifts to the rear and upward increasing the likelihood of rollover as capacity increases. Soft shoulders and culverts pose a hazard in rural areas. The shift in the center of gravity will also increase the potential for loss of control in panic maneuvers.
11 8/10/2008

Middlebury College

Driving Tips
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For all kinds of vehicles. Defensive Driving Theories Dealing with aggressive drivers Backing the vehicle Highway driving City Driving Rural Driving Emergency situations Vehicle accidents
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Middlebury College

Driving Tips for all vehicles
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Avoid sharp turns. Avoid excessive speed and abrupt maneuvers. Don’t drive tired. Don’t drive in bad weather Drive conservatively Rest stops often (every 2 hrs. recommended) Wear seat belts Drive during the day, if possible. Require someone to be awake in the front seat with the driver on long trips
13 8/10/2008

Middlebury College

For all vehicles (continued)
2-way radio for all vehicles and cellular phone for leader on multi-vehicle trips.  Trip leader to drive lead vehicle and set pace. . .no other vehicle shall pass.  Obey all laws, signs and speed limits.
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Middlebury College

14 8/10/2008

Defensive Driving Theories
Drive with courtesy  Be calm when driving  Concentrate when driving  Drive cautiously
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Middlebury College

15 8/10/2008

Dealing With Aggressive Drivers
Avoid eye contact.  Don’t cut in front of other drivers.  Allow fellow drivers to merge  Don’t aggravate fellow drivers with hand gestures.  Don’t tailgate.  Use your horn sparingly.
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Middlebury College 16 8/10/2008

Backing The Vehicle
Use a spotter  Back to the left (driver’s side)  Avoid backing up if you miss a ramp/exit.  Use outside mirrors.
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Middlebury College

17 8/10/2008

Highway Driving
Lane changes and signals.  Merges  Blind Spots  Slow moving vehicles
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Middlebury College

18 8/10/2008

City Driving
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Stop signs Stop lights Yield Signs Signals

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Blind spots Pedestrians Bicyclist

Middlebury College

19 8/10/2008

Rural Driving
Bicyclist  Walkers  Deer/Moose  Soft shoulders  Culverts  Curves, hills and narrow roads
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Middlebury College

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Emergency Situations
Encountering emergency vehicles  Headlights go out  Tire blow out  Engine failure  Break Failure
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Middlebury College

21 8/10/2008

Check-Out Procedures
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Vehicle usage must be pre-approved by the budget administrator for your department or organization. Arrangements are made through the Purchasing Department. Driver’s must have a valid state driver’s license and MC driver’s license. Keys must be picked up by the driver. Inspect the vehicle and report any problems.
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Middlebury College

Vehicle Accident
Relax  Never leave the scene of an accident.  Report the accident to the police.  Never admit fault.  Gather all the facts (date, time, witnesses, phone numbers, etc.)  Immediately report all accidents to Security, Supervisor or Commons Dean/Student Activities.
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Middlebury College 23 8/10/2008


				
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