Erica Leon

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					Erica Leon
Exploratory Lesson Plan
Subject: Spanish II PAP

A. Rationale
       1. What? Students will determine what type of intelligence best suites their learning
       needs which enable me to use TPRS-Teaching Proficiency through Reading and
       Storytelling or Total Physical Response Storytelling effectively.
       2. Why? It is important for students to understand how they learn especially how they
       learn a foreign language.
       3. Justification: Demonstrate understanding of simple, clearly spoken, and written
       language such as simple stories, high-frequency commands, and brief instructions when
       dealing with familiar topics. By determining their intelligence and then by learning and
       using TPRS students will be able to communicate effectively in Spanish.
B. The Instructional Objectives
       1. Preparation: Students will learn what Gardner’s Multiple Intelligences are and how
       TPRS might help us in the classroom.
       2. Products: Reflective Essay on their preferred method of learning
       3. Criteria: Students will be able to apply the concepts learned to their short paragraph
       C. Materials: handouts in English and Spanish are available at
       http://www.ldrc.ca/projects/miinventory/mitest.html and the other website to consult for
       Gardner is http://www.tecweb.org/styles/gardner.html; this is also listed below.
Enactment:
D. Hook (7 min)
       1. Questionnaire/Test in regards to Multiple Intelligences (This will be used to determine
       their preferred learning style)
E. Aim (1 min)
       1. Heart of your rationale-To discover how your students learn
       2. Aim/Version #1(Question)-We’re going to have an exploratory discussion, so feel free
       to respond to each other’s comments without input from me? My question is this: What
       type of learner/intelligence do you have: Musical, Bodily-Kinesthetic, Visual-Spatial,
       Interpersonal, Intrapersonal, Linguistic, and Logical Mathematical?

F. Development (20 min)
       Student-Centered discussion with teacher moderation.
       Potential Secondary Questions:
           Can you have more than one intelligence?
           Do the different types of intelligences overlap?
           For each intelligence, what type of Spanish experience have you had that fits with
              each category?
           What are the advantages to knowing this, how can a teacher use it with TPRS?
           What are the disadvantages? (It is impossible for the teacher to teach to
              accommodate each style, how about the student? OR It is mainly in the imperative
              mode, generally excluding the rest of the target language's sentence forms OR It
              is often focused on short phrases or single-item vocabulary words OR It fosters
              only passive language skills).
           How will this affect you as a learner?
G. Culmination
      1. Wrap-Up
              a. What did you learn about yourself?
              b. How will this affect you as a learner?
      2. Leap
              a. Tomorrow, we will learn more about TPRS and I will conduct a lesson using
              the method.
H. Assessment and Evaluation


"The Distance Learning Technology Resource Guide," by Carla Lane
http://www.tecweb.org/styles/gardner.html

Visual-Spatial - think in terms of physical space, as do architects and sailors. Very
aware of their environments. They like to draw, do jigsaw puzzles, read maps,
daydream. They can be taught through drawings, verbal and physical imagery. Tools
include models, graphics, charts, photographs, drawings, 3-D modeling, video,
videoconferencing, television, multimedia, texts with pictures/charts/graphs.

Bodily-kinesthetic - use the body effectively, like a dancer or a surgeon. Keen sense
of body awareness. They like movement, making things, touching. They communicate
well through body language and can be taught through physical activity, hands-on
learning, acting out, role playing. Tools include equipment and real objects.

Musical - show sensitivity to rhythm and sound. They love music, but they are also
sensitive to sounds in their environments. They may study better with music in the
background. They can be taught by turning lessons into lyrics, speaking rhythmically,
tapping out time. Tools include musical instruments, music, radio, stereo, CD-ROM,
multimedia.

Interpersonal - understanding, interacting with others. These students learn through
interaction. They have many friends, empathy for others, street smarts. They can be
taught through group activities, seminars, dialogues. Tools include the telephone, audio
conferencing, time and attention from the instructor, video conferencing, writing,
computer conferencing, E-mail.

Intrapersonal - understanding one's own interests, goals. These learners tend to shy
away from others. They're in tune with their inner feelings; they have wisdom, intuition
and motivation, as well as a strong will, confidence and opinions. They can be taught
through independent study and introspection. Tools include books, creative materials,
diaries, privacy and time. They are the most independent of the learners.

Linguistic - using words effectively. These learners have highly developed auditory
skills and often think in words. They like reading, playing word games, making up poetry
or stories. They can be taught by encouraging them to say and see words, read books
together. Tools include computers, games, multimedia, books, tape recorders, and
lecture.

Logical -Mathematical - reasoning, calculating. Think conceptually, abstractly and are able to
see and explore patterns and relationships. They like to experiment, solve puzzles, ask cosmic
questions. They can be taught through logic games, investigations, mysteries. They need to learn
and form concepts before they can deal with details.


What are my Learning Strengths?
Research shows that all human beings have at least eight different types of intelligence.
Depending on your background and age, some intelligences are more developed than others.
This activity will help you find out what your strengths are. Knowing this, you can work to
strengthen the other intelligences that you do not use as often.

                                                       Logical/Mathematical
     Verbal/Linguistic Intelligence
                                                            Intelligence
    ___I enjoy telling stories and jokes           ___I really enjoy my math class
    ___I have a good memory for trivia             ___I like logical math puzzles or brain
    ___I enjoy word games (e.g. Scrabble &            teasers
       puzzles)                                    ___I find solving math problems to be
    ___I read books just for fun                      fun
    ___I am a good speller (most of the time)      ___If I have to memorize something I
    ___In an argument I tend to use put-downs or      tend to place events in a logical
       sarcasm                                        order
    ___I like talking and writing about my ideas ___I like to find out how things work
    ___If I have to memorize something I create a ___I enjoy computer and any math
       rhyme or saying to help me remember            games
    ___If something breaks and won't work, I       ___I love playing chess, checkers or
       read the instruction book first                Monopoly
    ___For a group presentation I prefer to do the ___In an argument, I try to find a fair
       writing and library research                   and logical solution
                                                   ___If something breaks and won't work,
                                                      I look at the pieces and try to figure
                                                      out how it works
                                                   ___For a group presentation I prefer to
                                                      create the charts and graphs
                                                         Bodily/Kinesthetic
       Visual/Spatial Intelligence
                                                            Intelligence
    ___I prefer a map to written directions        ___My favourite class is gym since I
    ___I daydream a lot                               like sports
    ___I enjoy hobbies such as photography         ___I enjoy activities such as
    ___I like to draw and create                      woodworking, sewing and building
    ___If I have to memorize something I draw a       models
       diagram to help me remember                 ___When looking at things, I like
    ___I like to doodle on paper whenever I can       touching them
    ___In a magazine, I prefer looking at the      ___I have trouble sitting still for any
       pictures rather than reading the text          length of time
    ___In an argument I try to keep my distance,   ___I use a lot of body movements when
       keep silent or visualize some solution         talking
    ___If something breaks and won't work I tend   ___If I have to memorize something I
       to study the diagram of how it works           write it out a number of times until I
    ___For a group presentation I prefer to draw      know it
       all the pictures                            ___I tend to tap my fingers or play with
                                                      my pencil during class
                                                   ___In a argument I tend to strike out and
                                                      hit or run away
                                                   ___If something breaks and won't work
                                                      I tend to play with the pieces to try
                                                      to fit them together
                                                   ___For a group presentation I prefer to
                                                      move the props around, hold things
                                                      up or build a model
         Musical/Rhythmic
                                                   Interpersonal Intelligence
           Intelligence
___I enjoy listening to CD's and the radio         ___I get along well with others
___I tend to hum to myself when working            ___I like to belong to clubs and
___I like to sing                                     organizations
___I play a musical instrument quite well          ___I have several very close friends
___I like to have music playing when doing         ___I like helping teach other students
   homework or studying                            ___I like working with others in groups
___If I have to memorize something I try to        ___Friends ask my advice because I
   create a rhyme about the event                     seem to be a natural leader
___I an argument I tend to shout or punch or       ___If I have to memorize something I
   move in some sort of rhythm                        ask someone to quiz me to see if I
___I can remember the melodies of many                know it
   songs                                           ___In an argument I tend ask a friend or
___If something breaks and won't work I tend          some person in authority for help
   to tap my fingers to a beat while I figure it   ___If something breaks and won't work
   out                                                I try to find someone who can help
___For a group presentation I prefer to put           me
   new words to a popular tune or use music        ___For a group presentation I like to
                                                      help organize the group's efforts
   Intrapersonal Intelligence                         Naturalist Intelligence
___I like to work alone without anyone             ___I am keenly aware of my
   bothering me                                       surroundings and of what goes on
___I like to keep a diary                             around me
___I like myself (most of the time)                ___I love to go walking in the woods
___I don't like crowds                                and looking at the trees and flowers
___I know what I am good at and what I am          ___I enjoy gardening
   weak at                                         ___I like to collect things (e.g., rocks,
___I find that I am strong-willed, independent        sports cards, stamps, etc)
   and don't follow the crowd                      ___As an adult, I think I would like to
___If I have to memorize something I tend to          get away from the city and enjoy
   close my eyes and feel the situation               nature
___In an argument I will usually walk away         ___If I have to memorize something, I
   until I calm down                                  tend to organize it into categories
___If something breaks and won't work, I           ___I enjoy learning the names of living
   wonder if it's worth fixing up                     things in our environment, such as
___For a group presentation I like to                 flowers and trees
   contribute something that is uniquely           ___In an argument I tend to compare my
   mine, often based on how I feel                    opponent to someone or something I
                                                      have read or heard about and react
                                                      accordingly
                                                   ___If something breaks down, I look
                                                      around me to try and see what I can
                                  find to fix the problem
                               ___For a group presentation I prefer to
                                  organize and classify the information
                                  into categories so it makes sense
                        TOTAL SCORE
    _______Verbal/Linguistic    _______Musical/Rhythmic
    _______Logical/Mathematical _______Interpersonal
    _______Visual/Spatial       _______Intrapersonal
    _______Bodily/Kinesthetic   _______Naturalist

J. Ivanco, 1998

				
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