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					CBS, STATISTICAL ABSTRACT OF ISRAEL 2009                                 2009   ‫למ''ס, שנתון סטטיסטי לישראל‬




  9            CULTURE, ENTERTAINMENT AND SPORT

 NATIONAL EXPENDITURE ON                                     Sports and games: Sport clubs, swimming
                                                             pools, purchase of sports equipment etc.;
 CULTURE, ENTERTAINMENT                                      organization      of  games       and     sports
        AND SPORT                                            competitions.
                (Tables 9.1- 9.2)                            Computers and Internet: Using the Internet,
DEFINITIONS                                                  purchasing computers and equipment for
The definition of the field and its classification           computers.
were based on a combination of two                           Nature and the environment: Recreational
definitions:                                                 activities connected with nature and
(1) UNESCO recommendations (UNESCO:                          preservation of the environment.
   Recommendation Concerning the International               Gambling: National Lottery and "Sport-
   Standardization of Statistics on the Public                   Toto".
   Financing of Cultural Activities, adopted on the          General administration and not-classified
   report of Programme Commission V at the                   miscellaneous activities: Administration of
   thirty-seventh plenary meeting, on October 27,            cultural, youth and sports activities; non-profit
   1980).                                                    institutions n.e.s.
(2) The definitions of private consumption
   and its classification in the national                    SOURCES OF DATA AND METHODS OF
   accounts. (System of National Accounts                    CALCULATION
   1993,   Commission     of  the European                   The main national expenditure on culture,
   Communities, International Monetary Fund,                 entertainment and sport is the expenditure of
   Organization for Economic Co-operation and                households on goods and services supplied
   Development, United Nations, World Bank,                  by business enterprises. In addition, the
   1993).                                                    expenditure on culture, entertainment and
    According to this definition, the following              sport includes the value of the services to
    items      are   included    in    national              households supplied by the government,
    expenditure on culture, entertainment                    national institutions, local authorities and
    and sport:                                               non-profit institutions. As these services have
Cultural heritage: Museums, archives,                        no market price, they are estimated at the
preservation of historical monuments and                     value of costs of manufacturing - labour cost,
archeological excavations.                                   other current purchases of goods and
Literature and printed matter: Libraries,                    services, and estimated depreciation.
books, newspapers and other periodicals                      The remainder is the expenditure on
(excluding textbooks and school libraries).                  construction of buildings and purchase of
Music and performing arts: Theatre, dance                    equipment for culture, entertainment and
and concerts; night clubs and other                          sport.
entertainment performances; purchase of                      The national expenditure on culture,
musical instruments and equipment for                        entertainment and sport is classified by the
playing and listening to music.                              following sectors:
Visual arts: Painting, sculpture and other                   (1) Government offices and national
arts; art galleries.                                              institutions       Government        offices
Cinema and photography: Production and                            expenditures and expenditures of the
screening of films, purchase of photographic                      Jewish Agency and the World Zionist
and filming equipment.                                            Organization in the sphere of culture,
Radio and television: Radio and television                        entertainment and sport.
broadcasts, purchase of radio and television                 (2) Local authorities: expenditures of
sets.                                                             municipalities, local councils and regional
Socio-cultural       activities:    Community                     councils on celebrations, performers,
centres and other socio-cultural activities.                      parks and other expenditures in the field
CULTURE, ENTERTAINMENT AND SPORT                      )80(                              ‫תרבות, בידור וספורט‬
    of culture, entertainment and sport.                  General), the national institutions and the
(3) Non-profit institutions.                              local authorities.
    (a) Non-profit institutions, where                    Expenditures of Non-Profit Institutions were
        the government, the Jewish                        obtained from a survey which included about
        Agency or the local authorities                   230 institutions. The survey is based on
        finance      most      of     the                 financial   reports  of   the     institutions
        expenditure (e.g. community                       summarizing their expenditure and its
        centres).                                         components according to type of institution.
    (b) Private Non-Profit Institutions.
                                                          REVISED ESTIMATES
(4) Business        sector:       household
                                                          Revisions of estimates published in the
    expenditure on purchases of cultural
                                                          previous Statistical Abstract were introduced
    goods and services such as: purchase
                                                          as follows:
    of tickets for cinema, theatre, etc.;
                                                          1.    As of 1995, the imputed expenditure on
    purchase of durable commodities,
                                                          consumption of fixed capital by the
    such as television sets, home video
                                                          government and local authorities was added.
    machines, and radios; purchase of
                                                          Consumption of fixed capital was calculated
    entertainment products and other
                                                          on the basis of the annual current
    hobbies, such as toys, games,
                                                          expenditure on investments in construction,
    flowers, pets, etc.
                                                          and in machinery and equipment.
Classification by operating sector is similar to
                                                          2.    Revisions for the period 1995-2007 in
that of the National Expenditure on Education
                                                          the business sector were made, due to
(see Chapter 8 - Education).
                                                          integration of the 2007 Households
In classification by financing sector, financing          Expenditure Survey findings, as well as to
by the sector is defined as the total of direct           updating of the method for calculating the
expenditure on goods and services along                   domestic product.
with subsidies, grants, transfers and other net           3.    Current revisions in estimates for 2006-
payments to other sectors (excluding loans).              2007 are based on detailed financial
In government financing, the component of                 statements or on other information.
support through unlinked, low-interest
government loans is not included.                          CULTURE, ENTERTAINMENT,
ESTIMATES AT CONSTANT PRICES                               AND SPORTS ACTIVITIES OF
The annual changes in the national                               HOUSEHOLDS
expenditure on culture, entertainment and                                 (Tables 9.3-9.6)
sport at constant prices were calculated                  The goods and services examined in the
separately for each sector (government, local             Household Expenditure Survey were adjusted
authorities, non-profit institutions and the              to the definitions of UNESCO and the World
business sector), and for each type of                    Bank, in order to enable publication of data
expenditure (work, current purchases,                     on culture, entertainment and sports activities
depreciation, construction and equipment).                by standard of living (see definitions of the
See details in National Expenditure on                    international classification above).
Education, Chapter 8 - Education.
                                                          DEFINITIONS
SOURCES                                                   Purchase of subscriptions to cultural
Estimates of expenditures by households are               performances,       movie     theaters,      or
based on the findings of surveys on                       museums: Season tickets to concerts, plays,
household expenditure as well as on current               ballet, movies or opera performances.
data on purchase of goods and services,                   Purchase of subscriptions to culture,
collected while preparing the estimates of                entertainment, and sports activities: The
private consumption.                                      households in the sample were asked
The estimates of expenditure by the                       whether     they    had   purchased/renewed
government, the national institutions and the             subscriptions to a variety of culture,
local authorities were prepared on the basis              entertainment, and sports activities during the
of a detailed analysis of the expenditure                 three months preceding the interview. The
items in the government’s financial reports
(which are prepared by the Accountant
CULTURE, ENTERTAINMENT AND SPORT                   )81(                            ‫תרבות, בידור וספורט‬
data are an annual estimate based on the                                 MUSEUMS
participants’ responses.                                                  (Table 9.11)
Purchase of newspapers, magazines, and
books: The households in the sample were                  The survey of museums was conducted by
asked to keep a two-week journal, in which                the Ministry of Science, Culture and Sport,
they listed all of the daily expenditures of all          the Center for Information and Research on
household members over the two-week                       Culture.
period. The data are an annual estimate                   In 2006 and 2007 there were 53 museums in
based on the participants’ responses.                     Israel recognized under the Museums Law,
Magazines: Monthly or weekly magazines                    1983.
(including publications of the Society for                The 2006 report describes the activities of 50
Protection of Nature).                                    museums, including one that is not funded
For additional data on the Household                      by the Department of Museums (the Open
Expenditure Survey, see Introduction to                   Museum at the Tefen and Omer industrial
Chapter 5 – Households and Families.                      parks). The 2007 report presents the
                                                          activities of 51 museums, among them 2 that
       THE SOCIAL SURVEY                                  are not funded (the open museums at the
               (Tables 9.7-9.8)                           Tefen and Omer industrial parks, and the
For additional data on the Social Survey, see             Beth Hatefutsoth Diaspora Museum).
Introduction to Chapter 7 – Society and                   The activities of the Yad Vashem Museum,
Welfare.                                                  which operates under the “Yad Vashem
                                                          Law”; and the Dagon Museum, which is a
         MOVIE THEATERS                                   branch of the Hecht Museum, are not
              (Tables 9.9-9.10)                           surveyed in the report.
SOURCES                                                   SOURCES
Data on full-length films, by continent and               Data were obtained by analyzing the data of
country of production were obtained from the              the Center for Information and Research on
Ministry of Science, Culture and Sport.                   Culture, which conducted a survey on this
Data on commercial movie theaters were                    topic under the auspices of the Ministry of
obtained from the Israel Movie Theater                    Science, Culture and Sport.
Association. Data on cinematheques were
obtained from the various cinematheques.

                              SELECTED PUBLICATIONS
SPECIAL SERIES
946   Extracurricular Activities of 9th-12th              1297    Libraries – Media Centers in
      Grade Pupils, Hebrew and Arab                               Primary and Post-Primary Schools
      Education, 1990/91, Part I                                  2004/05
962   Extracurricular Activities of 9th-12th              1351    National Expenditure on Culture,
      Grade Pupils, Hebrew and Arab                               Recreation and Sports, 1984/85-2007
      Education, 1990/91, Part II
996   Time Use in Israel, Time Budget                     CURRENT BRIEFINGS IN STATISTICS
      Survey, 1991/92                                     4, 1998 Daily Newspapers and Periodicals
1029  Time Use in Israel, Additional                               Published in Israel, 1995
      Findings from the Time Budget                       22, 2000 Books Published in Israel, 1996
      Survey, 1991/92                                     1, 2007 Culture in Primary Schools: Content
                                                                   and Activities
1187    Reading, Leisure and            Sports
        Activities, 1999
1166    Public Libraries, 1998




CULTURE, ENTERTAINMENT AND SPORT                   )82(                            ‫תרבות, בידור וספורט‬

				
Lingjuan Ma Lingjuan Ma MS
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