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					What to do During
  Earthquakes



             Last updated, 12 June 2006
              Safety sub unit - Operation
  UN Offices at Menara Thamrin Building
  Look for items in your office room that could
       become a hazard in an earthquake:

Electrical wiring, gas lines, and inflexible utility
connections.
Water heaters and gas appliances .
Bottled foods, glass, china and other breakables.
Overhead lighting fixtures.
Check and repair deep plaster cracks in ceilings and
foundations.
The residence must be firmly anchored to its
foundation.
Install flexible pipefitting to avoid gas or water leaks.
           Carry out the following:
Check every part of the office for fire prevention



Ensure you have sufficient number of fire
extinguishers equally distributed in the
building
Anchor to the wall all heavy fixtures, shelves,
cabinets and safely store heavy, sharp, or
glass items on shelves.
Ensure you have sufficient number of fire
extinguishers equally distributed in the office
Know where and how to shut
off electricity, gas and water
at main switches and valves.
Check with your local utilities
       for instructions.
Locate safe spots in each room under a
sturdy table or against an inside wall.
Identify danger zones in each room.
Identify emergency exits and educate
the staff, visitors on the escape routes
and the nearest concentration point
Develop a plan for reuniting your
office hold after an earthquake.
Establish a telephone tree contact.
What to do during an earthquake or
          severe tremor



Stay inside office until the
shaking stops and it is safe
to go outside.
Drop, Cover and Hold On!
Take the duck cover and hold
position (or fetal position)
along side heavy furniture or
solid objects (Such as bath
tub, bed, safe, stack of paper
If you are indoors:
 take cover under a sturdy desk, table or bench, or
 against an inside wall, and hold on.
  Stay away from glass, windows, outside doors or
 walls and anything that could fall.
 Do not move from your position until shaking stops
 Check for fires and take necessary action
 Floor wardens: check your staff for injury and take
 necessary action.
 Always put on a shoe or slippers to prvent cuts from
 broken glasses or nails
If there isn’t a table or desk near you,
cover your face and head with your
arms and crouch in an inside corner of
the building.
If you become trapped in debris:
  Do not light a match.
  Do not move about or kick up dust.
  Cover your mouth with a handkerchief or
  clothing.
  Tap on a pipe or wall so rescuers can
  locate you.
If you are outdoors, stay there.
Move away from high walls and
electricity wires
If near a building, stay away from
falling debris and seek a secure place
Better to go to a wide open area if
available nearby.
If you are in a crowded indoor public
location:
   Stay where you are. Do not rush for the
   doorways.
   Move away from tall shelves, cabinets
   and bookcases containing objects that
   may fall.
   Take cover and grab something to shield
   your head and face from falling debris
   and glass.
   Be aware that the electricity may go out
   or the sprinkler systems or fire alarms
   may turn on.
In a moving vehicle, stop as quickly
as safety permits, and stay in the
vehicle.
Away from: slopes, tall buildings,
bridges whether on them or under
them, tall trees and electricity –
telephone poles
   Stay indoors until the shaking has
stopped and you are sure exiting is safe.
If you must go out after an earthquake, watch
   for fallen objects, downed electrical wires,
weakened walls, bridges, roads and sidewalks.
 ONCE OUTSIDE DO NOT/NOT RE-ENTER UNTIL
    THE BUILDING IS DECLARED SAFE BY A
          COMPETENT AUTHORITY.
  IF EVACUATED DURING A TREMOR, REMAIN
OUTSIDE FOR AT LEAST 20 MINUTES AFTER THE
               LAST TREMOR
     What to do after an
        earthquake

Be prepared for aftershocks.
Provide emergency first aid
Check for fires and put them out
Turn off all utilities from the mains:
electricity, gas and water
Move to the nearest concentration
point
       Check for injuries.


  Do not attempt to move seriously
  injured persons unless they are in
immediate danger of death or further
               injury.

 If you must move an unconscious
 person, first stabilize the neck and
back, then call for helps immediately.
Check your office for structural damage. If
you have any doubts about safety, have
your office inspected by a professional
before entering.
Clean up spilled medicines, bleaches,
gasoline and other flammable liquids.
Evacuate the building if gasoline fumes are
detected and the building is not well
ventilated.
  Visually inspect utility lines and
      appliances for damage

If you smell gas or hear a hissing or blowing
sound, open a window and leave.
Shut off the water supply at the main valve if
water pipes are damaged.
Do not flush toilets until you know that
sewage lines are intact.
Stay off the streets.
IN THE CASE OF SEVERE EARTHQUAKES BE
PREPARED TO BE SELF-SUFFICIENT FOR
AT LEAST 48 HRS.
Open cabinets cautiously. Beware of
objects that can fall off shelves.
Use the phone only to report life-
threatening emergencies.
Listen to news reports for the latest
emergency information.

				
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