What to do During Earthquakes Last updated, 12 June 2006 Safety sub unit - Operation UN Offices at Menara Thamrin Building Look for items in your office room that could become a hazard in an earthquake: Electrical wiring, gas lines, and inflexible utility connections. Water heaters and gas appliances . Bottled foods, glass, china and other breakables. Overhead lighting fixtures. Check and repair deep plaster cracks in ceilings and foundations. The residence must be firmly anchored to its foundation. Install flexible pipefitting to avoid gas or water leaks. Carry out the following: Check every part of the office for fire prevention Ensure you have sufficient number of fire extinguishers equally distributed in the building Anchor to the wall all heavy fixtures, shelves, cabinets and safely store heavy, sharp, or glass items on shelves. Ensure you have sufficient number of fire extinguishers equally distributed in the office Know where and how to shut off electricity, gas and water at main switches and valves. Check with your local utilities for instructions. Locate safe spots in each room under a sturdy table or against an inside wall. Identify danger zones in each room. Identify emergency exits and educate the staff, visitors on the escape routes and the nearest concentration point Develop a plan for reuniting your office hold after an earthquake. Establish a telephone tree contact. What to do during an earthquake or severe tremor Stay inside office until the shaking stops and it is safe to go outside. Drop, Cover and Hold On! Take the duck cover and hold position (or fetal position) along side heavy furniture or solid objects (Such as bath tub, bed, safe, stack of paper If you are indoors: take cover under a sturdy desk, table or bench, or against an inside wall, and hold on. Stay away from glass, windows, outside doors or walls and anything that could fall. Do not move from your position until shaking stops Check for fires and take necessary action Floor wardens: check your staff for injury and take necessary action. Always put on a shoe or slippers to prvent cuts from broken glasses or nails If there isn’t a table or desk near you, cover your face and head with your arms and crouch in an inside corner of the building. If you become trapped in debris: Do not light a match. Do not move about or kick up dust. Cover your mouth with a handkerchief or clothing. Tap on a pipe or wall so rescuers can locate you. If you are outdoors, stay there. Move away from high walls and electricity wires If near a building, stay away from falling debris and seek a secure place Better to go to a wide open area if available nearby. If you are in a crowded indoor public location: Stay where you are. Do not rush for the doorways. Move away from tall shelves, cabinets and bookcases containing objects that may fall. Take cover and grab something to shield your head and face from falling debris and glass. Be aware that the electricity may go out or the sprinkler systems or fire alarms may turn on. In a moving vehicle, stop as quickly as safety permits, and stay in the vehicle. Away from: slopes, tall buildings, bridges whether on them or under them, tall trees and electricity – telephone poles Stay indoors until the shaking has stopped and you are sure exiting is safe. If you must go out after an earthquake, watch for fallen objects, downed electrical wires, weakened walls, bridges, roads and sidewalks. ONCE OUTSIDE DO NOT/NOT RE-ENTER UNTIL THE BUILDING IS DECLARED SAFE BY A COMPETENT AUTHORITY. IF EVACUATED DURING A TREMOR, REMAIN OUTSIDE FOR AT LEAST 20 MINUTES AFTER THE LAST TREMOR What to do after an earthquake Be prepared for aftershocks. Provide emergency first aid Check for fires and put them out Turn off all utilities from the mains: electricity, gas and water Move to the nearest concentration point Check for injuries. Do not attempt to move seriously injured persons unless they are in immediate danger of death or further injury. If you must move an unconscious person, first stabilize the neck and back, then call for helps immediately. Check your office for structural damage. If you have any doubts about safety, have your office inspected by a professional before entering. Clean up spilled medicines, bleaches, gasoline and other flammable liquids. Evacuate the building if gasoline fumes are detected and the building is not well ventilated. Visually inspect utility lines and appliances for damage If you smell gas or hear a hissing or blowing sound, open a window and leave. Shut off the water supply at the main valve if water pipes are damaged. Do not flush toilets until you know that sewage lines are intact. Stay off the streets. IN THE CASE OF SEVERE EARTHQUAKES BE PREPARED TO BE SELF-SUFFICIENT FOR AT LEAST 48 HRS. Open cabinets cautiously. Beware of objects that can fall off shelves. Use the phone only to report life- threatening emergencies. Listen to news reports for the latest emergency information.