IN MEMORIAM CHARLES FOSTER BATCHELDER by tyl42823

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									•958a                                                                   15

        IN   MEMORIAM:     CHARLES       FOSTER    BATCHELDER

                          BY   WENDELL   TABER

                           last of the Founders of the American
  CHARLES FOSTER BATCHELDER,
Ornithologists'  Union and its eighth President(1905-1908), died at the
age of 98 in his home in Peterborough, New Hampshire, on November 7,
1954. He had never taken out life insurance. Drily, he would remark
he had figuredhe couldbeat the game. He failed, though,to achieve
a minor goal, a life span of one hundred years. He had attained, easily,
his major aim, the title of SeniorGraduate of Harvard College. In 1953,
when Nathan M. Puseywas celebratinghis own "25th." and in process
of beinginstalledas Presidentof Harvard University, Batcheldermight
well have led the parade of graduates at Commencement--in a wheel
chair•elebrating his "Diamond Reunion"--alone! He refused.
"Merely an object of curiosity." was his comment.
   His parents, Francis Lowell Batchelder and Susan Cabot Foster
Batchelder,had acquireda country estate at 7 Kirkland Street in Cam-
bridge, Massachusetts. Here, directly oppositethe back side of Hol-
worthy Hall in the Harvard Yard, Batchelderwas born, grew up, and
resided for some months in winter for the rest of his life. Here, for about
thirty years followingthe death of William Brewster, met the Nuttall
Ornithological  Club.
    Batchelder, born July 20, 1856, hardly knew his father, who died
when Batchelderwas barely eighteenmonthsof age. Ever an out-door
lad as he grew up, he often wanderedover the four miles or so to the
little hamlet of Arlington, riding in due time one of those huge wheels
with baby trailer-wheel which precededthe bicycle as we know it today.
Of this periodhe haswritten, "Cambridgein the 'sixties  washardly more
than a group of villages, and it was immediately bordered,especially
on the west and north, by unspoiledcountry,--open fields and shady
lanes, with old apple orchards and woodland, and well watered with
pondsand marshesand streams. Beyond, stretchedwoods,meadows
and old farms,farther than boys'feet or imaginations couldcarry them."
Through this country had been strolling those boyhoodpals, William
Brewsterand Henry WetherbeeHenshaw,Batchelder's                 by
                                                         seniors five
or six years. Association   with an older group, E. A. Samuels,Henry
AugustusPurdie, C. J. Maynard, and Ruthyen Deane, quickly intensi-
fied the interest of the younger group in birds. Soon a newcomerto
Cambridge   joinedthe group,W. E. D. Scott. A childish  interestbecame
serious and ripenedinto devotion.
    During this period F. L. Batchelder'swidow, unable in her restricted
financial condition even to afford a horse, had devoted herself to the
T•   Aui•, Vo•,. 75                                PLATE 4




                      CHARLES FOSTER BATCttELDER
                                                                    [ Auk
16                                 Foster
                      TAB•R, Charles    Batchelder                  [Vol.75

raising and educationof a youth, delicate but tough, and a girl, who died
about the time when, after completing his studies at the Cambridge
public high school,Batchelderenteredcollege. The proximity of resi-
dence and collegeenabled him to live modestly at home. He lacked
those dose contacts with his classmatesarising out of dormitory life.
                                  of
In collegehe already had a nucleus like-thinking outdoor friends, and
                 for
he compensated the lack of collegelife by a wise choiceof friends
on the Harvard faculty. He came in dose contact with Alexander
Agassiz, Curator of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, Theodore
Lyman, Assistant in Zoology, Joel Asaph Alien, Assistant in Ornith-
ology, Waiter Faxon, Assistant in the Zoological Laboratory and
Instructor in Zoology,and Asa Gray, Trustee of the PeabodyMuseum
              of
and Professor Natural History. Particularly did he admire Nathaniel
                   of
S. Shaler,Professor Paleontology, and Henry L. Eustis,Dean of the
Lawrence Scientific School and Professorof Engineering. Illness com-
pelled him to withdraw, temporarily, from graduate work in this latter
school. He returned in the autumn of 1880 and graduated in 1882 with
the degreeof M.E.S. (Now C.E.)
  Leader of the local groupof youngsters    interestedin natural history
during the 'sixties, many still in their "teens", was William Brewster.
Henshaw it was, though, who instilled in Brewsterthe idea that the two
                                                            it
meet oncea week to read aloud "Audubon" and to discuss in the light
of their own experiences.The others soonstraggledin. Discussions
widened. Without realization,the groupbecamea "dub" as it met in
the attic of the Brewstem' house. Humorously true--and ever since
a truth in fact--was Ruthyen Deane's slip of the pen inviting Ernest
Ingersoll to attend a meeting in the evening of November 24, 1873,
"relative to forming an ornitholoealsociety." Not until March 5, 1877,
did Batchelder,not yet twenty-oneyearsof age, and a junior in college,
becomea member of the Nuttall OrnithologicalClub. By December 1,
1879, he was Vice President. He relinquishedthis position to become
Treasurer on December 20, 1880,--and such he remained for the next
haft-century.
                               work in 1882,he spentnearly a year
  Through with his post-graduate
collectingintensively in Colorado,New Mexico, Arizona and California.
Travel, in thosedays, was an undertaking. Trains of a sort did exist.
The horse ruled supreme. In constantcommunication      with Brewster
about the Bulletin of the Nuttall OrnithologicalClub which Batchelder
                                                   of
had edited temporarily in 1882 during the absence J. A. Alien, his
duties as Treasurer, and other Club affairs, he tinted letters with remarks
such as, "Didn't get a shot at a California Condor!" and "I must stop
a momentto usea few Californiaadjectivesabout this pen." Returning
19581                         Charles
                         TABER,          Batchelder
                                    Foster                                   17

home he followed his vocation during 1884 and 1885----hisentire career
in the business world.    His frail constitution   succumbed   to the zest with
which he tackled his profession. In April, 1886, he traveled widely in
Europewherehis ill health continuedor renewed. Not until July, 1887,
three monthsbeforereturning to this country, was his health restored.
  Confined much of the time to his quarters while in Europe, he con-
centrated on mental tasks.     He outlined the information for labels, such
as the date and place collected,the collector,and other pertinent data.
He developeda type of check-listadapted to recordingdaily, a month
                                              seen. The distant
at a time, the number of each and every species
perspectiveof America brought forth the comment, "I have come to
look upon the spring migration as one of the worst--instead of the best
times for collecting."
  Another trip to California in the spring of 1887 brought to a close
Batchelder's ornithologicalexpeditionsfar afield. Minor trips were to
the Fort Fairfield region of Maine in 1879, North Carolina for about
a month in the winter of 1885-1886, and the Catskill mountains in New
York    State in the summer of 1889.
                                                    39
  Not until February 19, 1895,whenhe wasapproaching yearsof age,
did he marry. Laura Poor Stone Batchelderwas not too many years
younger. She survived her husbandby lesstlian two years. Of the
         the
four sons, two younger,    Charles                Jr.,
                                  FosterBatchelder, and Laurence
Batchelder   survive.
  In June, 1899, the family moved into a newly constructedsummer
home at Seal Harbor in Maine where,hardly settled, they awaited the
arrival of Edward Rand and the Ruthyen Deanes.           Due to the recurrent
        of
illnesses the children, attributed to drinking water, the family moved
from this home after a few years. Shortly after the turn of the century
they acquired at Peterborough,New Hampshire, a large, almost pre-
tentious estate where what "once was nearly an abandonedfarm has
affordedme almost unlimited opportunitiesfor experiment. My efforts
             it
in developing have not led towardsintensivecultivationor other paths
to wealth. More ambitiously, I have tried to lend nature a helping
hand in showinghow shecan make its woodsand watersmoreinteresting
and beautiful. Sometimesshe is responsive,     but happily there is no
danger of my undertakingsreachingsuch completefruition that I shall
be left with idle hands at the end."
   In the 1930s,when the children were grown, the Batchelderstoured
Ireland, especially,where they visited in a thatched cottage with dirt
                 of
floorthe parents their servant. On the same  trip, they touredEngland.
During this period, too, the Batchelderswould head south in winter
at times, visiting placessuchas Biloxi in Mississippi and Mexico City.
                                                                      [ Auk
18                                  Foster
                       TAB•R, Charles    Batchelder                   [Vol.75

On one occasion,not too distant from Peterborough, a new chauffer
                                    the                of
tippedoverthe automobile. Batchelder, only otheroccupant the
car, scrambled out unhurt.
              in                                             home
  Increasingly, this final third of a century,the Peterborough
became known for its comfortable,yet unassumingopen hospitality.
The offhand caller could be assured of an invitation   for lunch or dinner.
Smiling "with his eyes" as one child put it, Batchelderwould merely
remark, "The servants     like company."
   Friendsof many years'standing                   to
                                     foundexcuses driveto Peterborough
on a summerSunday. In one instance,Robert Walcott and Laurence
B. Fletcher arrived to find Batchelder"poundingaway on his type-
                            by
writer" and surrounded card catalogues. At the sametime he was
                              of                    of
keepinga minuteaccount the daily schedule "hedgehogs"               (subse-
quently published,1948) that lived under his barn and movedup on
a tree outsidehis windowfor their eveningmeal. About a year before
he died he boughta brand new typewriter.
                                                              in
   Batchelderhad a remarkableability to ask questions a way that
                                              led
did not antagonize. Rather, the questions on the personto elaborate
on his statement. Batchelder was well aware of his own possession
of a penetratingability to analyzehis fellow humanswith a skill that
increased  with the passing                              of
                              yearsand the background experience. He
delightedin the applicationof this talent. He coulddissect       with equal
                                                      or
skill, favorably or unfavorably,a contemporary, someornithologist
out of the dim, distant past. He had a subtle,dry humor of the British
type. He took impishdelightin tellinga callerhowhis greatgrandfather
arrived "a little late" at the battle of Lexington. Off guardwith intimate
friends,he had a habit of thinking outloud. Abruptly changing line  the
                  one
of conversation day, he quietly remarked, "You know, I think
              to
is beginning get old [85yearsof age]. I wasverymuchtemptedto give
                                                            I
him a pieceof my mind, but, under the circumstances, think perhaps
the best thing to do is to let matters slide." Batchelder was a mere 95 !
   The formerly widespread      impression  that the Nuttall Ornithological
Club had foundedthe American Ornithologists'          Union was a constant
source of distressto Batchelder, always a stickler for accuracy.
Ultimately, 1937, he published the setting and background of this
historic event. The originatingFoundersdid not consultthe Nuttall
Club. In fact, they sent invitations only to a mere three or four of its
members,                       of
           and the members the club as a wholewere,initially, utterly
unawareof the undertaking. The Nuttall OrnithologicalClub "felt no
                    for
greatenthusiasm the new-born          Union,especially whenit wasasked--
                   of
and by pressure circumstances         ratherunwillinglycompelled--to    give
up publishingthe 'Bulletin', in order not to interfere with the Union's
Jan. 1
19581                          Charles
                        'rABI•R,          Batchelder
                                     Foster                               19

plansfor a similar publicationof its own." Helping to perpetuatethe
erroneous impression wasthe fact that "the Union took over all it could
                                            of
of the Bulletin--the Editor, the arrangement contents,style of topo-
graphy and of paper. It even was clearly suggested     that it might
                           of
willinglytake the contents the Club's2•reasury."
   Batchelder served as Associate Editor of 'The Auk' from 1888 to 1893.
Prior to becomingPresidentof the A. O. U. he had acted as Vice Presi-
dent for the period 1900-1905.
  Down through the generations    continuedthe Nuttall Ornithological
Club as it had been--a close-knit,compact,friendly for the most part,
group of ornithologists  functioningnot as a club, but on their own--
sharpening  their intellectsby intellectualintercourse. Except for the
year, 1875-1876, when Purdie was President,Brewster held the Chair
until his death in 1919.   Associated with this era in addition to members
already mentioned were Francis H. Allen, Outram Bangs, Thomas
Barbour, Arthur Cleveland Bent, Henry Bryant Bigelow, Charles
Barney Cory, the three Deanebrothers,GeorgeC., Ruthyen and Walter,
                                       A.
JonathanDwight, Walter Faxon,Joseph Hagar, F. SeymourHersey,
Ralph Hoffman,William A. Jeffries,FredericH. Kennard,JohnB. May,
C. J. Maynard (resigned1876), Gerrit S. Miller, Albert P. Morse, John
Murdoch,JohnT. Nichols,James    Lee Peters,JohnC. Phillips,Theodore
Roosevelt,John Eliot Thayer, CharlesWendell Townsend,Winsor M.
Tyler, Robert Walcott, and FrancisBeachWhite. In a later generation
came Josselyn  Van Tyne, with whom a life friendshipdeveloped.
   Who wouldn't     have a host of marvellous   memories!   Batchelder   had
taken Jim Peters into his own home during a two weeks'illnessbefore
the first World War and long before Petersmarried. White, a faithful
attendant at meetingsand comingfrom Concord,New Hampshire,was
as regular an overnightguest. Hoffman originally was "not careful" in
his work, but then the quality improved. Batchelder"blew cold", but
with versatility changedhis opinion and "blew hot." Of the two Har-
vard undergraduates  who dropped in to meetingstogether, Henry D.
Minot and Theodore Roosevelt, he wrote, "I am afraid someof us looked
on the two a little askance. We recognized    their ability, but both seemed
a bit too cocksure  and lacking in the self-criticismthat, in our eyes,went
with a truly scientificspirit. But they were young--and so were we
  Glover M. Allen succeeded     Brewster as presidentof the Nuttall; Jim
Peters took over after Glover's death.     The era of binoculars and tele-
scopes  commenced. Batchelderwisely wrote, "rules may help chiefly
             the           but
in visualizing question, it mustbe remembered      that the difficulty
often lies not in testing the observedfacts but in dealing with the
observer's mind."
                                                                  [ Auk
20                                 Foster
                      T•B•a, Charles    Batchelder                [Vol.

  As far back as 1895 Batchelderhad written Brewster offeringthe use
of his Cambridge house for Nuttall meetings in the event Brewster's
museumshouldbe closed,    eventemporarily. It was only natural, there-
fore, that Batchelder should take over upon Brewster's death. Never
in front, ever the power behind the scenes--not that one was neededin
that congenial  atmosphere Batchelderrefusedin 1942 to accept even
a courtesy election as President, designedto inscribehis name on the
roster; without opposition,he could have been the active President.
   Oncea month through the winter periodthe inner groupof the Nuttall
met for dinner, rotating from one member'shome to another. The
membershipcomprisedOutram Bangs, Thomas Barbour, Batchelder,
William Brewster,                       L.
                  Walter Deane,Joseph Goodale,      William A. Jeffries,
Frederic H. Kennard, Edward Rand, Henry M. Spelman, CharlesW.
Townsend,and possiblyothers. Arthur ClevelandBent belonged          for
                                 of
a time, but foundthe difficulties transportationto his homein Taunton
renderedthe trip impracticable and it may be doubtedthat the other
memberswere particularly desirousof the inevitable rotation taking
them so far afield.
   Almost certainly, it was 'Batch' who originated the New Year's
Celebration,the first meetingof the Nuttall Club in eachcalendaryear,
which becamean institution in its own right. Such an occasion   has been
recordedfor all time in 'The Auk' for 1955, vol. 72, oppositepage 64.
Answering a question from Harold Bowditch as to why he called the
punch"Firesof Spring",Batchelder               in
                                     countered a flash,"Why? Well,
you know how you build a bonfirein the spring. You rake up the yard,
dead grass, twigs from the trees, perhaps a shingle or two that have
blown off the house,and scrapsof all kinds. That is how I made the
punch. I went into the cellar, where I found a little of this and a little
of that and put them all together, and that made the punch. Fires
of Spring."
   Eagerly anticipated, too, were the gala, festive gatheringsto honor
some                               for
      member,William A. Jeffries, example,                        of
                                               uponcompletion fifty
years of membership. Attributed to Roger Tory Petersonjust elected
a member, was the remark, as he noted four men standing at a table,
engagedin deep discussion,   "Just look, Glover Allen, Cleveland Bent,
Francis Allen, CharlesTownsend--andyou could coverthem all with
a blanket." The blanket was proffered.
                              of
   Inevitably, the composition the Nuttall Club membership      changed.
Cambridgefailed to providea flow of talent to replacebygonegenera-
tions. Increasingly,the accentshiftedfrom the approachof the Brewster
                     on
era to concentration the migrationsor winter bird life, as exemplified
in popular field trips. Ultimately, after having politely sat through
1Jbtff•]                    Charles Batchelder
                       •rABER, Foster                                     21

many meetingsunable to hear more than an occasionalword of what
was goingon, due to increasingdeafness,  and having difficulty in recog-
               as
nizing members his eyesight   failed, Batchelderwas happy to have me
take over the housingof meetingsafter that of April 18, 1949. The
death of Jim Peters on April 19, 1952 marked, he feared, the end of the
club as he had known it.
  An individual, whose more than casual contact did not commence
until Batchelder was in his seventies, defined him as "hard to know,
                     of
incurablysuspicious strangers,    but generous               to
                                               and hospitable a fault
oncehis liking and approvalhad been given. Further, he was thought
a snob, as he would not know or bother to rememberyoungerbirders--
until they had become          of
                       persons someimportance. He took the A.O.U.
and the Nuttall, whichin later yearshe sawin a goldenhazeof imaginary
glory, with almost preposterous   seriousness.Although a marvellous
editor, he required ample time and unlimited money."
  Certainly, there was little more than a "slight modicum" of truth in
this writer's remarks. One has to discount, heavily, the first two
sentences of the criticism   if he takes into consideration   severe deafness
                                                              of
on top of extremeage. The writer alsolackedthe background history
in the A.O.U. and in the Nuttall. Just what is a man between70 and
98 years of age expectedto concentrateon? And Batchelder was even
more handicapped when, in August, 1943, due to poor eyesight, he
                           in
stepped into a depression the ground on his lawn in Peterborough,
fell, and broke his hip. For the next 11 yearshe usedcrutches.
  As an editor, he had been gifted with the ability to obtain whatever
funds he found necessary--anability to be envied. He had, himself,
recognizedthe time-defect. As far back as June 28, 1906, he wrote
Brewster from Falmouth, Massachusetts,     "physical limitations to the
amount of work that I could do at a stretch have often made the work
of printing move much more slowly than it might have done."
  Batchelderwas one of the Foundersof the New England Zoological
Club in 1899.   The details and list of members are available in Volume X
of the 'Proceedings', 1929. Summarizingthe record, Thomas Barbour
wrote, "An enterpriseof this nature sinksor swims,dependingupon its
editor. It may either become   slipshodand amateurishor offendequally
by an attempt at preciosity or elaboration, if its editor is not--not
devotedalone but competent. CharlesFosterBatchelderduring these
thirty years has built a modest but enduring monument in this neat
      of
series volumesnot only wholly satisfactoryto seeand feel but aston-
                                          citation and form." Further,
ishinglyfaultlessin all detailsof language,
                            in
he placedthe 'Proceedings' the mail on the actual date of publication!
   Batchelder was, perhaps, a bit short-sighted. If the standing of the
                                                                   [ Auk
22                                  Foster
                       TAs•R, Charles    Batchelder                tVol,75

club were to be maintained, younger generations   should have been
                        to               of        by
broughtalong. Objecting the publication papers non-members,
he wrote Bangsin 1901,makingthe point that establishedmammalogists
already had accessto outlets for publication. "Only the younger,
unknown group would use" the 'Proceedings'.
     Yet another facet of this broad-minded, versatile scientist was his
interestin botany. RichardJ. Eaton haswritten that, although    Batch-
elder had taken elementary and advancedcoursesin this subject in
college                Goodaleand Farlow, "It wasnot until Decem-
        under Professors
ber, 1905,that he accepted                                 in
                           electionto residentmembership the New
EnglandBotanicalClub and thus afforded    himselfa stimulatingcontact
                     both professional amateur. During the next
with active botanists,                 and
                             its
thirty yearshe rarely missed monthly meetingsand was a frequent
                          of
contributorto discussions the paper of the evening. The flora of
                                                    in
southernNew Hampshire was not well represented any herbarium,
so it seemed            to             on
             appropriate concentrate the southern      tier of counties
                  by
readily accessible carriageand motor car from his home in Peter-
borough. He systematicallypursued this undertaking for the next
thirty years, generally with Mrs. Batchelder as coachman, chauffeur,
                                 Book recordsa total of 5,776
and companion. The Club Accessions
sheetsreceivedfrom Mr. Batchelderduring the years 1914through 1939.
It is suspected                                      of
                that this figureis an understatement his contributions
to the Club. He appearsto have regardedhis scientificattainmentsin
botany with extreme skepticism. I can find but a single published
                                                          New to New
article on the subjectover his signature,viz.: 'Two Grasses
Hampshire',Rhodora,14:175(1912)."
  In the year 1933-34 he becameofficiallyconnectedwith the Museum
                                               in
of ComparativeZoologyat Harvard as Associate Mammalogy. He
was at that time only some77 years old. From 1934 to 1942he was
Associate in Mammalogy and Ornithology and from 1942 to 1948
ResearchFellow in Mammalogy and Ornithology. Beginning,finally,
to get old, he reverted during the period, 1948 to 1954 to the position
             in
of Associate Mammalogy and Ornithology.
                                                              and
     He was a Fellow of the AmericanAcademyof Arts and Sciences
of the American    Association   Advancement   of Science and at one time
or another belongedto the Boston Society of Natural History, the
WashingtonAcademy of Sciences,     and the BiologicalSocietyof Wash-
ington.
  Strong was his dislike of C. J. Maynard, joint Editor with H. A.
Purdie of the intial issueof the 'Bulletin of the Nuttall Ornithological
Club', six days late in appearing. Maynard, disregardingfurther
responsibility,departed on a collectingtrip from which he returned in
!958J                                Charles
                                TABER,          Batchelder
                                           Foster                                23

                              by
July. He had beenreplaced J. A. Allen. Time softens         feelings.One
has to believeBatchelderin the last few yearsof his life felt he had been
unduly severe on Maynard. In atonement, Batchelder slowly and
laboriouslycompileda "Bibliographyof CharlesJohnsonMaynard",
a fitting finale in 1951 to his own lengthy bibliography. Maynard's
paperswere many, frequentlyshortitemsin out of the way publications.
Batchelderwas terribly perturbed,later, to discoverhe had overlooked
an item. Batchelder prepared his own meticulousbibliography, here
appended.
   Consistent  with a life-long practice,he went yet once again to the
hospital, in Boston in 1954. Returning to Peterborough, he failed
rapidly. As I rose to leave one afternoonshortly beforehis death, his
eyes grew suddenlylarge and clear with an undescribable       mischievous
sparkle. In a strong, ringing voice, utterly unlike his conversational
intonations of the previoushalf hour, he called,
                                "Glad to have known you."

                                       BIBLIOGRAPHY

1878.   Spurious primaries in the red-eyed vireo. Bull. Nutt. Oru. Club, 3, no. 2:
        97-98.
1879.   Nesting of the yellow-belliedflycatcher (Empidonaxfiaviventris). Bull. Nutt.
        Orn. Club, 4, no. 4: 241-242.
1881.                                         as
        The bald eagle (Halia•tus leucocephalus) a hunter. Bull. Nutt. Orn. Club,
        6, no. I: 58-60.
1881.   Strange nesting habits of a pair of chats. Bull. Nutt. Orn. Club, 6, no. 2:
        114-115.
1882.   Notes on the summer birds of the upper St. John. Bull. Nutt. Orn. Club,
        7, no. 2: 106-111; no. 3: 147-152.
1882.   Knowlton's Revised list of the birds of Brandon, Vermont.   Bull. Nutt. Orn.
        Club, 7, no. 2: 113-114.
1882.   The summertanager (Pyranga testira)in New Brunswick. Bull. Nutt. Orn.
        Club, 7, no. 4: 249-250.
1882.   The unusual "wave" of birds during the spring migration of 1882. Bull. Nutt.
        Oru. Club, 7, no. 4: 252-253.
1884.   Description of the first plumage of Clarke's Crow. Auk, 1, no. 1: 16-17.
1884.   Buffon's slma in western Vermont. Auk, 1, no. 1: 97-98. Taken in September
        at West    Castleton.
1885. Winter notes from New Mexico. Auk, 2, no. 2: 121-128; no. 3: 233-239.
1885. Junco annectens--a correction. Auk, 2, no. 3: 306.
1886. Pygmy nuthatch. Oologist, 3, no. 2: 27.
1886. The North Carolina mountains in winter. Auk, 3, no. 3: 307-314.
1888. Clark's "Birds of Amherst".   Auk, 5, no. I: 105-106.
1888. Range of the wild turkey. Forest and Stream, 31, no. 21: 407.
1889. Warren's "Birds of Pennsylvania." Auk, 6, no. 2: 170-171.
1889. Minor ornithological publications. Auk, 6, no. 2: 174-184.
                                 of
1889. An undescribed subspecies Dryobates pubestens. Auk, 6, no. 3: 253-255.
                                                                                [ Auk
24                                         Foster
                              T.aB•R,Charles    Batchelder                          7s
                                                                                tVol.

1890.   Minor ornithological publications. Auk, 7, no. 1: 79-86.
1890.   Doan's "Birds of West Virginia." Auk, 7, no. 2: 197-198.
1890.   Minor ornithological publications. Auk, 7, no. 2: 198-201.
1890.   Recording the number of birds observed. Auk, 7, no. 2: 216-218.
1890.   [Request for "Minor ornithological publications"] Auk, 7, no. 2: 219.
1890. [Sheetsfor recordingnumber of birds observed.] Auk, 7, no. 2: 220.
1890. BryanCs "Catalogue of the birds of Lower California." Auk, 7, no. 3: 281.
1890. The snow goose (Chen hyperborea nivalis) on the coast of Maine. Auk, 7,
        no. 3: 284.
1890.   Notes on several birds in the Catskill Mountains. Auk, 7, no. 3: 295.
1890.   Dionne's Catalogue of the birds of Quebec. Auk, 7, no. 4: 387.
1890.   Proceedingsof the Linnamn Society. Auk, 7, no. 4: 387-388.
1890.   Minor ornithological publications. Auk, 7, no. 4: 388-398.
1890.   Helminthophila chrysoptera in Manitoba. Auk, 7, no. 4: 404.
1891.   Warren's revised Report on the birds of Pennsylvania. Auk, 8, no. I: 101-103.
1891.   Rives's "Catalogue of the birds of the Virginias." Auk, 8, no. 1: 105-106.
1891.   Minor ornithological publications. Auk, 8, no. 1: 106-110.
1891.   Chapman on a collection of birds from British Columbia. Auk 8, no. 2:
        224-226.
1891. Hagerup and Chamberlain's Birds of Greenland. Auk, 8, no. 2: 226-227.
1891. Minor ornithological publications. Auk, 8, no. 4: 387-392.
1892. MacFarlane's Notes on Arctic birds. Auk, 9, no. 1: 64.
1892. Fannin's "Check List of British Columbia birds." Auk, 9, no. 1: 65.
1892. Chapman on the Birds of Corpus Christi. Auk, 9, no. 1: 65-66.
1892. Chapman "On the color pattern of the upper tail-coverts in Colapresauratus."
      Auk, 9, no. 1: 66.
1892. Minor ornithological publications. Auk, 9, no. 1: 66-69.
1892. Thryothorus ludovicianus in Massachusetts. AUk, 9, no. 1: 73-74.
1892. Allen on the North American Colapres. Auk, 9, no. 2: 177-179.
1892. Chapman on the grackles of the subgenusQuiscalus. Auk, 9, no. 2: 180-182.
1892. Minor ornithological publications. Auk, 9, no. 2: 187-196.
1892. Minor ornithological publications. Auk, 9, no. 3: 282-290.
1892. Dr. John Amory Jeffries. Auk, 9, no. 3: 311-312.
1892. Minor ornithological publications. Auk, 9, no. 4: 383-387.
1892. Vireo olivaceusin British Columbia and Washington. Auk, 9, no. 4: 395-396.
1893. Torrey's "The Foot-Path Way." Auk, 10, no. 1: 74.
1893. Ornithological report of the Canadian Institute. Auk, 10, no. 1: 74-75.
1893. Rhoads's observations on British Columbia and Washington birds. Auk,
        10, no. 3: 290-292.
1893. Minor ornithological publications. Auk, 10, no. 3: 292-297.
1893. Birds of British Columbia and Washington. Auk, 10, no. 4: 383-384.
1894. Apgar's Pocket Key of Birds. Auk, 11, no. 1: 65-66.
1894. Minor ornithological publications. Auk, 11, no. 1: 67-71.
1895. Nesting of Mimus polygiottos in eastern Massachusetts. Auk, 12, no. 3:
        308-309.
1897.   Papers presentedto the World's Congresson Ornithology. Edited by Mrs. E.
        Irene Rood, under the direction of Dr. Elliott Coues. Science,n.s. 5, no. 109:
        189-190.
1898.   Chapters on the natural history of the United States. By R. W. Shufeldt.
        Science, n.s. 7, no. 167: 357.
19581                               Charles
                               TABER,          Batchelder
                                          Foster                                          25

1899. Some unrecognizedjumping mice of the genus Zapus. Proc. New Eng. Zo61.
        Club, 1, 3-7.
1900. An undescribedrobin. Proc. New Eng. Zo61. Club, 1: 103-106.
1901. The bird book. By Fannie Hardy Eckstorm. The woodpeckers. By Fannie
      Hardy Eckstorm. Science, n.s. 13, no. 330: 658-659.
1901.   A. O. U.   Committee    on the Classification   and Nomenclature   of North   Ameri-
        can Birds. Tenth supplement to the American Ornithologists' Union Check-
        List of North American Birds. Auk, 18, no. 3: 295-320.
1908.   The Newfoundland hairy woodpecker. Proc. New Eng. Zo61. Club, 4: 37-38.
1912.   Two grasses  new to New Hampshire. Rhodora, 14, no. 164: 175.
1918.   Two undescribed Newfoundland birds. Proc. New Eng. Zo61. Club, 6: 81-82.
1930.   The voice of the porcupine. Journ. Mam. 11: 237-239.
1934. Erratum.      Auk, 51: 289.
1937. An account of the Nuttall Ornithological Club 1873 to 1919. Mem. Nutt.
      Orn. Club, No. 8. 109 pp, 1 pl., 35 text figs.
1948. William Augustus Jeffries. Auk, 65, no. 3: 490-491.
1948. Notes on the Canada porcupine. Journ. Mam. 29: 260-268.
1951. A bibliography of the published writings of William Brewster. 54 pp. Mem.
      Nutt. Orn. Club, No. 10.
1951. A bibliography of the published writings of Charles Johnson Maynard (1845-
      1929). Journ. Soc. Bibliogr. Nat. Hist., 2, pt. 7: 227-260.

								
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