•958a 15 IN MEMORIAM: CHARLES FOSTER BATCHELDER BY WENDELL TABER last of the Founders of the American CHARLES FOSTER BATCHELDER, Ornithologists' Union and its eighth President(1905-1908), died at the age of 98 in his home in Peterborough, New Hampshire, on November 7, 1954. He had never taken out life insurance. Drily, he would remark he had figuredhe couldbeat the game. He failed, though,to achieve a minor goal, a life span of one hundred years. He had attained, easily, his major aim, the title of SeniorGraduate of Harvard College. In 1953, when Nathan M. Puseywas celebratinghis own "25th." and in process of beinginstalledas Presidentof Harvard University, Batcheldermight well have led the parade of graduates at Commencement--in a wheel chair•elebrating his "Diamond Reunion"--alone! He refused. "Merely an object of curiosity." was his comment. His parents, Francis Lowell Batchelder and Susan Cabot Foster Batchelder,had acquireda country estate at 7 Kirkland Street in Cam- bridge, Massachusetts. Here, directly oppositethe back side of Hol- worthy Hall in the Harvard Yard, Batchelderwas born, grew up, and resided for some months in winter for the rest of his life. Here, for about thirty years followingthe death of William Brewster, met the Nuttall Ornithological Club. Batchelder, born July 20, 1856, hardly knew his father, who died when Batchelderwas barely eighteenmonthsof age. Ever an out-door lad as he grew up, he often wanderedover the four miles or so to the little hamlet of Arlington, riding in due time one of those huge wheels with baby trailer-wheel which precededthe bicycle as we know it today. Of this periodhe haswritten, "Cambridgein the 'sixties washardly more than a group of villages, and it was immediately bordered,especially on the west and north, by unspoiledcountry,--open fields and shady lanes, with old apple orchards and woodland, and well watered with pondsand marshesand streams. Beyond, stretchedwoods,meadows and old farms,farther than boys'feet or imaginations couldcarry them." Through this country had been strolling those boyhoodpals, William Brewsterand Henry WetherbeeHenshaw,Batchelder's by seniors five or six years. Association with an older group, E. A. Samuels,Henry AugustusPurdie, C. J. Maynard, and Ruthyen Deane, quickly intensi- fied the interest of the younger group in birds. Soon a newcomerto Cambridge joinedthe group,W. E. D. Scott. A childish interestbecame serious and ripenedinto devotion. During this period F. L. Batchelder'swidow, unable in her restricted financial condition even to afford a horse, had devoted herself to the T• Aui•, Vo•,. 75 PLATE 4 CHARLES FOSTER BATCttELDER [ Auk 16 Foster TAB•R, Charles Batchelder [Vol.75 raising and educationof a youth, delicate but tough, and a girl, who died about the time when, after completing his studies at the Cambridge public high school,Batchelderenteredcollege. The proximity of resi- dence and collegeenabled him to live modestly at home. He lacked those dose contacts with his classmatesarising out of dormitory life. of In collegehe already had a nucleus like-thinking outdoor friends, and for he compensated the lack of collegelife by a wise choiceof friends on the Harvard faculty. He came in dose contact with Alexander Agassiz, Curator of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, Theodore Lyman, Assistant in Zoology, Joel Asaph Alien, Assistant in Ornith- ology, Waiter Faxon, Assistant in the Zoological Laboratory and Instructor in Zoology,and Asa Gray, Trustee of the PeabodyMuseum of and Professor Natural History. Particularly did he admire Nathaniel of S. Shaler,Professor Paleontology, and Henry L. Eustis,Dean of the Lawrence Scientific School and Professorof Engineering. Illness com- pelled him to withdraw, temporarily, from graduate work in this latter school. He returned in the autumn of 1880 and graduated in 1882 with the degreeof M.E.S. (Now C.E.) Leader of the local groupof youngsters interestedin natural history during the 'sixties, many still in their "teens", was William Brewster. Henshaw it was, though, who instilled in Brewsterthe idea that the two it meet oncea week to read aloud "Audubon" and to discuss in the light of their own experiences.The others soonstraggledin. Discussions widened. Without realization,the groupbecamea "dub" as it met in the attic of the Brewstem' house. Humorously true--and ever since a truth in fact--was Ruthyen Deane's slip of the pen inviting Ernest Ingersoll to attend a meeting in the evening of November 24, 1873, "relative to forming an ornitholoealsociety." Not until March 5, 1877, did Batchelder,not yet twenty-oneyearsof age, and a junior in college, becomea member of the Nuttall OrnithologicalClub. By December 1, 1879, he was Vice President. He relinquishedthis position to become Treasurer on December 20, 1880,--and such he remained for the next haft-century. work in 1882,he spentnearly a year Through with his post-graduate collectingintensively in Colorado,New Mexico, Arizona and California. Travel, in thosedays, was an undertaking. Trains of a sort did exist. The horse ruled supreme. In constantcommunication with Brewster about the Bulletin of the Nuttall OrnithologicalClub which Batchelder of had edited temporarily in 1882 during the absence J. A. Alien, his duties as Treasurer, and other Club affairs, he tinted letters with remarks such as, "Didn't get a shot at a California Condor!" and "I must stop a momentto usea few Californiaadjectivesabout this pen." Returning 19581 Charles TABER, Batchelder Foster 17 home he followed his vocation during 1884 and 1885----hisentire career in the business world. His frail constitution succumbed to the zest with which he tackled his profession. In April, 1886, he traveled widely in Europewherehis ill health continuedor renewed. Not until July, 1887, three monthsbeforereturning to this country, was his health restored. Confined much of the time to his quarters while in Europe, he con- centrated on mental tasks. He outlined the information for labels, such as the date and place collected,the collector,and other pertinent data. He developeda type of check-listadapted to recordingdaily, a month seen. The distant at a time, the number of each and every species perspectiveof America brought forth the comment, "I have come to look upon the spring migration as one of the worst--instead of the best times for collecting." Another trip to California in the spring of 1887 brought to a close Batchelder's ornithologicalexpeditionsfar afield. Minor trips were to the Fort Fairfield region of Maine in 1879, North Carolina for about a month in the winter of 1885-1886, and the Catskill mountains in New York State in the summer of 1889. 39 Not until February 19, 1895,whenhe wasapproaching yearsof age, did he marry. Laura Poor Stone Batchelderwas not too many years younger. She survived her husbandby lesstlian two years. Of the the four sons, two younger, Charles Jr., FosterBatchelder, and Laurence Batchelder survive. In June, 1899, the family moved into a newly constructedsummer home at Seal Harbor in Maine where,hardly settled, they awaited the arrival of Edward Rand and the Ruthyen Deanes. Due to the recurrent of illnesses the children, attributed to drinking water, the family moved from this home after a few years. Shortly after the turn of the century they acquired at Peterborough,New Hampshire, a large, almost pre- tentious estate where what "once was nearly an abandonedfarm has affordedme almost unlimited opportunitiesfor experiment. My efforts it in developing have not led towardsintensivecultivationor other paths to wealth. More ambitiously, I have tried to lend nature a helping hand in showinghow shecan make its woodsand watersmoreinteresting and beautiful. Sometimesshe is responsive, but happily there is no danger of my undertakingsreachingsuch completefruition that I shall be left with idle hands at the end." In the 1930s,when the children were grown, the Batchelderstoured Ireland, especially,where they visited in a thatched cottage with dirt of floorthe parents their servant. On the same trip, they touredEngland. During this period, too, the Batchelderswould head south in winter at times, visiting placessuchas Biloxi in Mississippi and Mexico City. [ Auk 18 Foster TAB•R, Charles Batchelder [Vol.75 On one occasion,not too distant from Peterborough, a new chauffer the of tippedoverthe automobile. Batchelder, only otheroccupant the car, scrambled out unhurt. in home Increasingly, this final third of a century,the Peterborough became known for its comfortable,yet unassumingopen hospitality. The offhand caller could be assured of an invitation for lunch or dinner. Smiling "with his eyes" as one child put it, Batchelderwould merely remark, "The servants like company." Friendsof many years'standing to foundexcuses driveto Peterborough on a summerSunday. In one instance,Robert Walcott and Laurence B. Fletcher arrived to find Batchelder"poundingaway on his type- by writer" and surrounded card catalogues. At the sametime he was of of keepinga minuteaccount the daily schedule "hedgehogs" (subse- quently published,1948) that lived under his barn and movedup on a tree outsidehis windowfor their eveningmeal. About a year before he died he boughta brand new typewriter. in Batchelderhad a remarkableability to ask questions a way that led did not antagonize. Rather, the questions on the personto elaborate on his statement. Batchelder was well aware of his own possession of a penetratingability to analyzehis fellow humanswith a skill that increased with the passing of yearsand the background experience. He delightedin the applicationof this talent. He coulddissect with equal or skill, favorably or unfavorably,a contemporary, someornithologist out of the dim, distant past. He had a subtle,dry humor of the British type. He took impishdelightin tellinga callerhowhis greatgrandfather arrived "a little late" at the battle of Lexington. Off guardwith intimate friends,he had a habit of thinking outloud. Abruptly changing line the one of conversation day, he quietly remarked, "You know, I think to is beginning get old [85yearsof age]. I wasverymuchtemptedto give I him a pieceof my mind, but, under the circumstances, think perhaps the best thing to do is to let matters slide." Batchelder was a mere 95 ! The formerly widespread impression that the Nuttall Ornithological Club had foundedthe American Ornithologists' Union was a constant source of distressto Batchelder, always a stickler for accuracy. Ultimately, 1937, he published the setting and background of this historic event. The originatingFoundersdid not consultthe Nuttall Club. In fact, they sent invitations only to a mere three or four of its members, of and the members the club as a wholewere,initially, utterly unawareof the undertaking. The Nuttall OrnithologicalClub "felt no for greatenthusiasm the new-born Union,especially whenit wasasked-- of and by pressure circumstances ratherunwillinglycompelled--to give up publishingthe 'Bulletin', in order not to interfere with the Union's Jan. 1 19581 Charles 'rABI•R, Batchelder Foster 19 plansfor a similar publicationof its own." Helping to perpetuatethe erroneous impression wasthe fact that "the Union took over all it could of of the Bulletin--the Editor, the arrangement contents,style of topo- graphy and of paper. It even was clearly suggested that it might of willinglytake the contents the Club's2•reasury." Batchelder served as Associate Editor of 'The Auk' from 1888 to 1893. Prior to becomingPresidentof the A. O. U. he had acted as Vice Presi- dent for the period 1900-1905. Down through the generations continuedthe Nuttall Ornithological Club as it had been--a close-knit,compact,friendly for the most part, group of ornithologists functioningnot as a club, but on their own-- sharpening their intellectsby intellectualintercourse. Except for the year, 1875-1876, when Purdie was President,Brewster held the Chair until his death in 1919. Associated with this era in addition to members already mentioned were Francis H. Allen, Outram Bangs, Thomas Barbour, Arthur Cleveland Bent, Henry Bryant Bigelow, Charles Barney Cory, the three Deanebrothers,GeorgeC., Ruthyen and Walter, A. JonathanDwight, Walter Faxon,Joseph Hagar, F. SeymourHersey, Ralph Hoffman,William A. Jeffries,FredericH. Kennard,JohnB. May, C. J. Maynard (resigned1876), Gerrit S. Miller, Albert P. Morse, John Murdoch,JohnT. Nichols,James Lee Peters,JohnC. Phillips,Theodore Roosevelt,John Eliot Thayer, CharlesWendell Townsend,Winsor M. Tyler, Robert Walcott, and FrancisBeachWhite. In a later generation came Josselyn Van Tyne, with whom a life friendshipdeveloped. Who wouldn't have a host of marvellous memories! Batchelder had taken Jim Peters into his own home during a two weeks'illnessbefore the first World War and long before Petersmarried. White, a faithful attendant at meetingsand comingfrom Concord,New Hampshire,was as regular an overnightguest. Hoffman originally was "not careful" in his work, but then the quality improved. Batchelder"blew cold", but with versatility changedhis opinion and "blew hot." Of the two Har- vard undergraduates who dropped in to meetingstogether, Henry D. Minot and Theodore Roosevelt, he wrote, "I am afraid someof us looked on the two a little askance. We recognized their ability, but both seemed a bit too cocksure and lacking in the self-criticismthat, in our eyes,went with a truly scientificspirit. But they were young--and so were we Glover M. Allen succeeded Brewster as presidentof the Nuttall; Jim Peters took over after Glover's death. The era of binoculars and tele- scopes commenced. Batchelderwisely wrote, "rules may help chiefly the but in visualizing question, it mustbe remembered that the difficulty often lies not in testing the observedfacts but in dealing with the observer's mind." [ Auk 20 Foster T•B•a, Charles Batchelder [Vol. As far back as 1895 Batchelderhad written Brewster offeringthe use of his Cambridge house for Nuttall meetings in the event Brewster's museumshouldbe closed, eventemporarily. It was only natural, there- fore, that Batchelder should take over upon Brewster's death. Never in front, ever the power behind the scenes--not that one was neededin that congenial atmosphere Batchelderrefusedin 1942 to accept even a courtesy election as President, designedto inscribehis name on the roster; without opposition,he could have been the active President. Oncea month through the winter periodthe inner groupof the Nuttall met for dinner, rotating from one member'shome to another. The membershipcomprisedOutram Bangs, Thomas Barbour, Batchelder, William Brewster, L. Walter Deane,Joseph Goodale, William A. Jeffries, Frederic H. Kennard, Edward Rand, Henry M. Spelman, CharlesW. Townsend,and possiblyothers. Arthur ClevelandBent belonged for of a time, but foundthe difficulties transportationto his homein Taunton renderedthe trip impracticable and it may be doubtedthat the other memberswere particularly desirousof the inevitable rotation taking them so far afield. Almost certainly, it was 'Batch' who originated the New Year's Celebration,the first meetingof the Nuttall Club in eachcalendaryear, which becamean institution in its own right. Such an occasion has been recordedfor all time in 'The Auk' for 1955, vol. 72, oppositepage 64. Answering a question from Harold Bowditch as to why he called the punch"Firesof Spring",Batchelder in countered a flash,"Why? Well, you know how you build a bonfirein the spring. You rake up the yard, dead grass, twigs from the trees, perhaps a shingle or two that have blown off the house,and scrapsof all kinds. That is how I made the punch. I went into the cellar, where I found a little of this and a little of that and put them all together, and that made the punch. Fires of Spring." Eagerly anticipated, too, were the gala, festive gatheringsto honor some for member,William A. Jeffries, example, of uponcompletion fifty years of membership. Attributed to Roger Tory Petersonjust elected a member, was the remark, as he noted four men standing at a table, engagedin deep discussion, "Just look, Glover Allen, Cleveland Bent, Francis Allen, CharlesTownsend--andyou could coverthem all with a blanket." The blanket was proffered. of Inevitably, the composition the Nuttall Club membership changed. Cambridgefailed to providea flow of talent to replacebygonegenera- tions. Increasingly,the accentshiftedfrom the approachof the Brewster on era to concentration the migrationsor winter bird life, as exemplified in popular field trips. Ultimately, after having politely sat through 1Jbtff•] Charles Batchelder •rABER, Foster 21 many meetingsunable to hear more than an occasionalword of what was goingon, due to increasingdeafness, and having difficulty in recog- as nizing members his eyesight failed, Batchelderwas happy to have me take over the housingof meetingsafter that of April 18, 1949. The death of Jim Peters on April 19, 1952 marked, he feared, the end of the club as he had known it. An individual, whose more than casual contact did not commence until Batchelder was in his seventies, defined him as "hard to know, of incurablysuspicious strangers, but generous to and hospitable a fault oncehis liking and approvalhad been given. Further, he was thought a snob, as he would not know or bother to rememberyoungerbirders-- until they had become of persons someimportance. He took the A.O.U. and the Nuttall, whichin later yearshe sawin a goldenhazeof imaginary glory, with almost preposterous seriousness.Although a marvellous editor, he required ample time and unlimited money." Certainly, there was little more than a "slight modicum" of truth in this writer's remarks. One has to discount, heavily, the first two sentences of the criticism if he takes into consideration severe deafness of on top of extremeage. The writer alsolackedthe background history in the A.O.U. and in the Nuttall. Just what is a man between70 and 98 years of age expectedto concentrateon? And Batchelder was even more handicapped when, in August, 1943, due to poor eyesight, he in stepped into a depression the ground on his lawn in Peterborough, fell, and broke his hip. For the next 11 yearshe usedcrutches. As an editor, he had been gifted with the ability to obtain whatever funds he found necessary--anability to be envied. He had, himself, recognizedthe time-defect. As far back as June 28, 1906, he wrote Brewster from Falmouth, Massachusetts, "physical limitations to the amount of work that I could do at a stretch have often made the work of printing move much more slowly than it might have done." Batchelderwas one of the Foundersof the New England Zoological Club in 1899. The details and list of members are available in Volume X of the 'Proceedings', 1929. Summarizingthe record, Thomas Barbour wrote, "An enterpriseof this nature sinksor swims,dependingupon its editor. It may either become slipshodand amateurishor offendequally by an attempt at preciosity or elaboration, if its editor is not--not devotedalone but competent. CharlesFosterBatchelderduring these thirty years has built a modest but enduring monument in this neat of series volumesnot only wholly satisfactoryto seeand feel but aston- citation and form." Further, ishinglyfaultlessin all detailsof language, in he placedthe 'Proceedings' the mail on the actual date of publication! Batchelder was, perhaps, a bit short-sighted. If the standing of the [ Auk 22 Foster TAs•R, Charles Batchelder tVol,75 club were to be maintained, younger generations should have been to of by broughtalong. Objecting the publication papers non-members, he wrote Bangsin 1901,makingthe point that establishedmammalogists already had accessto outlets for publication. "Only the younger, unknown group would use" the 'Proceedings'. Yet another facet of this broad-minded, versatile scientist was his interestin botany. RichardJ. Eaton haswritten that, although Batch- elder had taken elementary and advancedcoursesin this subject in college Goodaleand Farlow, "It wasnot until Decem- under Professors ber, 1905,that he accepted in electionto residentmembership the New EnglandBotanicalClub and thus afforded himselfa stimulatingcontact both professional amateur. During the next with active botanists, and its thirty yearshe rarely missed monthly meetingsand was a frequent of contributorto discussions the paper of the evening. The flora of in southernNew Hampshire was not well represented any herbarium, so it seemed to on appropriate concentrate the southern tier of counties by readily accessible carriageand motor car from his home in Peter- borough. He systematicallypursued this undertaking for the next thirty years, generally with Mrs. Batchelder as coachman, chauffeur, Book recordsa total of 5,776 and companion. The Club Accessions sheetsreceivedfrom Mr. Batchelderduring the years 1914through 1939. It is suspected of that this figureis an understatement his contributions to the Club. He appearsto have regardedhis scientificattainmentsin botany with extreme skepticism. I can find but a single published New to New article on the subjectover his signature,viz.: 'Two Grasses Hampshire',Rhodora,14:175(1912)." In the year 1933-34 he becameofficiallyconnectedwith the Museum in of ComparativeZoologyat Harvard as Associate Mammalogy. He was at that time only some77 years old. From 1934 to 1942he was Associate in Mammalogy and Ornithology and from 1942 to 1948 ResearchFellow in Mammalogy and Ornithology. Beginning,finally, to get old, he reverted during the period, 1948 to 1954 to the position in of Associate Mammalogy and Ornithology. and He was a Fellow of the AmericanAcademyof Arts and Sciences of the American Association Advancement of Science and at one time or another belongedto the Boston Society of Natural History, the WashingtonAcademy of Sciences, and the BiologicalSocietyof Wash- ington. Strong was his dislike of C. J. Maynard, joint Editor with H. A. Purdie of the intial issueof the 'Bulletin of the Nuttall Ornithological Club', six days late in appearing. Maynard, disregardingfurther responsibility,departed on a collectingtrip from which he returned in !958J Charles TABER, Batchelder Foster 23 by July. He had beenreplaced J. A. Allen. Time softens feelings.One has to believeBatchelderin the last few yearsof his life felt he had been unduly severe on Maynard. In atonement, Batchelder slowly and laboriouslycompileda "Bibliographyof CharlesJohnsonMaynard", a fitting finale in 1951 to his own lengthy bibliography. Maynard's paperswere many, frequentlyshortitemsin out of the way publications. Batchelderwas terribly perturbed,later, to discoverhe had overlooked an item. Batchelder prepared his own meticulousbibliography, here appended. Consistent with a life-long practice,he went yet once again to the hospital, in Boston in 1954. Returning to Peterborough, he failed rapidly. As I rose to leave one afternoonshortly beforehis death, his eyes grew suddenlylarge and clear with an undescribable mischievous sparkle. In a strong, ringing voice, utterly unlike his conversational intonations of the previoushalf hour, he called, "Glad to have known you." BIBLIOGRAPHY 1878. Spurious primaries in the red-eyed vireo. Bull. Nutt. Oru. Club, 3, no. 2: 97-98. 1879. Nesting of the yellow-belliedflycatcher (Empidonaxfiaviventris). Bull. Nutt. Orn. Club, 4, no. 4: 241-242. 1881. as The bald eagle (Halia•tus leucocephalus) a hunter. Bull. Nutt. Orn. Club, 6, no. I: 58-60. 1881. Strange nesting habits of a pair of chats. Bull. Nutt. Orn. Club, 6, no. 2: 114-115. 1882. Notes on the summer birds of the upper St. John. Bull. Nutt. Orn. Club, 7, no. 2: 106-111; no. 3: 147-152. 1882. Knowlton's Revised list of the birds of Brandon, Vermont. Bull. Nutt. Orn. Club, 7, no. 2: 113-114. 1882. The summertanager (Pyranga testira)in New Brunswick. Bull. Nutt. Orn. Club, 7, no. 4: 249-250. 1882. The unusual "wave" of birds during the spring migration of 1882. Bull. Nutt. Oru. Club, 7, no. 4: 252-253. 1884. Description of the first plumage of Clarke's Crow. Auk, 1, no. 1: 16-17. 1884. Buffon's slma in western Vermont. Auk, 1, no. 1: 97-98. Taken in September at West Castleton. 1885. Winter notes from New Mexico. Auk, 2, no. 2: 121-128; no. 3: 233-239. 1885. Junco annectens--a correction. Auk, 2, no. 3: 306. 1886. Pygmy nuthatch. Oologist, 3, no. 2: 27. 1886. The North Carolina mountains in winter. Auk, 3, no. 3: 307-314. 1888. Clark's "Birds of Amherst". Auk, 5, no. I: 105-106. 1888. Range of the wild turkey. Forest and Stream, 31, no. 21: 407. 1889. Warren's "Birds of Pennsylvania." Auk, 6, no. 2: 170-171. 1889. Minor ornithological publications. Auk, 6, no. 2: 174-184. of 1889. An undescribed subspecies Dryobates pubestens. Auk, 6, no. 3: 253-255. [ Auk 24 Foster T.aB•R,Charles Batchelder 7s tVol. 1890. Minor ornithological publications. Auk, 7, no. 1: 79-86. 1890. Doan's "Birds of West Virginia." Auk, 7, no. 2: 197-198. 1890. Minor ornithological publications. Auk, 7, no. 2: 198-201. 1890. Recording the number of birds observed. Auk, 7, no. 2: 216-218. 1890. [Request for "Minor ornithological publications"] Auk, 7, no. 2: 219. 1890. [Sheetsfor recordingnumber of birds observed.] Auk, 7, no. 2: 220. 1890. BryanCs "Catalogue of the birds of Lower California." Auk, 7, no. 3: 281. 1890. The snow goose (Chen hyperborea nivalis) on the coast of Maine. Auk, 7, no. 3: 284. 1890. Notes on several birds in the Catskill Mountains. Auk, 7, no. 3: 295. 1890. Dionne's Catalogue of the birds of Quebec. Auk, 7, no. 4: 387. 1890. Proceedingsof the Linnamn Society. Auk, 7, no. 4: 387-388. 1890. Minor ornithological publications. Auk, 7, no. 4: 388-398. 1890. Helminthophila chrysoptera in Manitoba. Auk, 7, no. 4: 404. 1891. Warren's revised Report on the birds of Pennsylvania. Auk, 8, no. I: 101-103. 1891. Rives's "Catalogue of the birds of the Virginias." Auk, 8, no. 1: 105-106. 1891. Minor ornithological publications. Auk, 8, no. 1: 106-110. 1891. Chapman on a collection of birds from British Columbia. Auk 8, no. 2: 224-226. 1891. Hagerup and Chamberlain's Birds of Greenland. Auk, 8, no. 2: 226-227. 1891. Minor ornithological publications. Auk, 8, no. 4: 387-392. 1892. MacFarlane's Notes on Arctic birds. Auk, 9, no. 1: 64. 1892. Fannin's "Check List of British Columbia birds." Auk, 9, no. 1: 65. 1892. Chapman on the Birds of Corpus Christi. Auk, 9, no. 1: 65-66. 1892. Chapman "On the color pattern of the upper tail-coverts in Colapresauratus." Auk, 9, no. 1: 66. 1892. Minor ornithological publications. Auk, 9, no. 1: 66-69. 1892. Thryothorus ludovicianus in Massachusetts. AUk, 9, no. 1: 73-74. 1892. Allen on the North American Colapres. Auk, 9, no. 2: 177-179. 1892. Chapman on the grackles of the subgenusQuiscalus. Auk, 9, no. 2: 180-182. 1892. Minor ornithological publications. Auk, 9, no. 2: 187-196. 1892. Minor ornithological publications. Auk, 9, no. 3: 282-290. 1892. Dr. John Amory Jeffries. Auk, 9, no. 3: 311-312. 1892. Minor ornithological publications. Auk, 9, no. 4: 383-387. 1892. Vireo olivaceusin British Columbia and Washington. Auk, 9, no. 4: 395-396. 1893. Torrey's "The Foot-Path Way." Auk, 10, no. 1: 74. 1893. Ornithological report of the Canadian Institute. Auk, 10, no. 1: 74-75. 1893. Rhoads's observations on British Columbia and Washington birds. Auk, 10, no. 3: 290-292. 1893. Minor ornithological publications. Auk, 10, no. 3: 292-297. 1893. Birds of British Columbia and Washington. Auk, 10, no. 4: 383-384. 1894. Apgar's Pocket Key of Birds. Auk, 11, no. 1: 65-66. 1894. Minor ornithological publications. Auk, 11, no. 1: 67-71. 1895. Nesting of Mimus polygiottos in eastern Massachusetts. Auk, 12, no. 3: 308-309. 1897. Papers presentedto the World's Congresson Ornithology. Edited by Mrs. E. Irene Rood, under the direction of Dr. Elliott Coues. Science,n.s. 5, no. 109: 189-190. 1898. Chapters on the natural history of the United States. By R. W. Shufeldt. Science, n.s. 7, no. 167: 357. 19581 Charles TABER, Batchelder Foster 25 1899. Some unrecognizedjumping mice of the genus Zapus. Proc. New Eng. Zo61. Club, 1, 3-7. 1900. An undescribedrobin. Proc. New Eng. Zo61. Club, 1: 103-106. 1901. The bird book. By Fannie Hardy Eckstorm. The woodpeckers. By Fannie Hardy Eckstorm. Science, n.s. 13, no. 330: 658-659. 1901. A. O. U. Committee on the Classification and Nomenclature of North Ameri- can Birds. Tenth supplement to the American Ornithologists' Union Check- List of North American Birds. Auk, 18, no. 3: 295-320. 1908. The Newfoundland hairy woodpecker. Proc. New Eng. Zo61. Club, 4: 37-38. 1912. Two grasses new to New Hampshire. Rhodora, 14, no. 164: 175. 1918. Two undescribed Newfoundland birds. Proc. New Eng. Zo61. Club, 6: 81-82. 1930. The voice of the porcupine. Journ. Mam. 11: 237-239. 1934. Erratum. Auk, 51: 289. 1937. An account of the Nuttall Ornithological Club 1873 to 1919. Mem. Nutt. Orn. Club, No. 8. 109 pp, 1 pl., 35 text figs. 1948. William Augustus Jeffries. Auk, 65, no. 3: 490-491. 1948. Notes on the Canada porcupine. Journ. Mam. 29: 260-268. 1951. A bibliography of the published writings of William Brewster. 54 pp. Mem. Nutt. Orn. Club, No. 10. 1951. A bibliography of the published writings of Charles Johnson Maynard (1845- 1929). Journ. Soc. Bibliogr. Nat. Hist., 2, pt. 7: 227-260.
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