Chapter 10 Southeast Asia Multiple Choice Introduction 1 The

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Chapter 10 Southeast Asia Multiple Choice Introduction 1 The Powered By Docstoc
					                                         Chapter 10
                                        Southeast Asia
Multiple Choice
Introduction
1.   The most populated Southeast Asian nation is:
     A. Malaysia                 *B. Indonesia                         C. Philippines
     D. Papua New Guinea         E. Laos

2.   Which of the following is false?
     A. Southeast Asia contains over 13,000 islands.
     *B. Thailand was a French colony.
     C. Southeast Asia contains some of the world’s largest remaining stands of tropical forests.
     D. Southeast Asia can be considered a buffer zone.
     E. Southeast Asia can be considered a shatter belt.

Physical Geography
3.   Southeast Asian physiography is dominated by:
     A. plateaus
     *B. mountains
     C. hills and basins
     D. rolling plains
     E. none of the above

Population Geography
4.   Which of the following statements is false?
     A. The Southeast Asian realm exhibits shatter belt characteristics.
     *B. Compared to neighboring regions, Southeast Asia has a high population density.
     C. The soils of mainland Southeast Asia are mostly leached.
     D. Southeast Asia is very culturally fragmented.
     E. All of the above are correct.

5.   Southeast Asia, compared to the realm dominated by the Indian subcontinent, is:
     *A. less densely populated
     B. more densely populated than India and possesses a much lower standard of living
     C. very heavily urbanized, with sparse populations in the rural areas
     D. entirely a remnant of the British colonial empire in Asia
     E. much less affected by Chinese immigration
6.   Several factors have combined to inhibit large-scale migrations of Chinese and Indian peoples
     into Southeast Asia. Identify the statement below which is not one of these factors.



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      A. There are densely forested hills and mountains along the border between India and Myanmar
          (Burma).
      B. North of Laos is the high Yunnan Plateau.
      *C. The large indigenous population makes the population pressure as high in Southeast Asia as
          in the surrounding regions.
      D. Much of the region is covered by dense tropical rainforest.
      E. The realm is not an area of limitless agricultural possibilities.

7.     One of the reasons for the relatively small population in Southeast Asia is:
       A. the dry climate                *B. the topography in the north C. the low rate of fertility D. rice
diets reduce the need for large families E. none of the above

8.    Half of Southeast Asia’s population lives in which two countries?
      A. Indonesia and Laos         *B. Indonesia and the Phillippines C. Vietnam and the Phillippines
      D. Laos and Cambodia          E. Myanmar and Thailand

9.    Large-scale population clusters in Southeast Asia exist in all but one of the following areas.
      Which one?
      A. valleys of major rivers                                      B. deltas of major rivers
      C. zones of plantation development in Malaysia
      D. areas of volcanic soil in the islands                        *E. interior highland regions

10.   Agriculture in Southeast Asia is limited by:
      A. desert conditions              B. permafrost                     *C. leached soils
      D. severe dietary restrictions caused by food taboos                E. all of the above

11.   Which association is incorrect?
      A. Myanmar, Irrawaddy          B. Thailand, Chao Phraya             *C. Liao, Laos
      D. Mekong, southern Vietnam                                         E. Red, northern Vietnam

12.   Which three groups are classified as Indonesian?
      A. Indonesians, Singaporeans, Malayans                              B. Indonesians, Thai, Burmese
                                                                           *C. Indonesians, Malayans,
                                                                          Filipinos D. Thai, Burmese,
                                                                          Hmong
      E. Montagnards, Indonesians, Vietnamese




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How the Political Map Evolved
13.   A country in Southeast Asia that remained, for the most part, a free state during the colonial
      era was:
      A. Vietnam                    *B. Thailand                    C. Borneo
      D. Tonkin                     E. Myanmar (Burma)

14.   Which of the following was not a part of French Indochina?
      A. Tonkin                    *B. Siam                      C. Cambodia
      D. Laos                      E. Vietnam

15.   Which of the following colonial associations is incorrect?
      A. Spain, Philippines         *B. France, Sumatera (Sumatra)
      C. Dutch, Indonesia           D. France, Vietnam             E. Timur (Timor), Portugal

16.   Which of the following countries was once part of British India?
      A. Philippines                B. Sumatera (Sumatra)           *C. Myanmar
      D. Vietnam                    E. Thailand

17.   Which of the following was not colonized by the Dutch?
      A. Jawa                      B. Sumatera (Sumatra)             C. Borneo
      D. Celebes                   *E. Luzon

18.   The Spanish were replaced in the Phillippines by the:
      A. French                     B. British                       C. Dutch
      D. Japanese                   *E. Americans

19.   In 1965, _______ broke away from Malaysia and became the smallest political entity in
      Southeast Asia.
      *A. Singapore                B. Hong Kong                 C. Shenzhen
      D. Brunei                    E. Borneo

20.    _______ held onto eastern Timur (Timor) well after the Dutch left the East Indies.
      *A. Portugal                 B. Spain                       C. U.S.
      D. British                   E. Japanese

21.   The largest Muslim country in the world in terms of population is:
      A. Egypt                     B. Indochina                    C. Pakistan
      *D. Indonesia                E. India

22.   The group forming a significant part of the commercial class in Southeast Asia is the:
      *A. Chinese                  B. Tibetans                      C. (Captain and) Tamils
      D. Jews                      E. none of the above




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23.   In Myanmar, Thailand, and Cambodia, most of the people are:
      *A. Buddhists              B. Hindu                       C. Muslims
      D. Chinese                 E. Indians

24.   The dominant religion of both Indonesia and Malaysia is:
      *A. Islam                     B. Hinduism                          C. Buddhism
      D. Christianity               E. Judaism

25.   The “Golden Triangle” is located at the borders of:
      *A. Myanmar (Burma), Laos, and Thailand                            B. Vietnam, Laos, and China
      C. Indonesia, Laos, and Thailand
      D. Thailand, Cambodia, and Laos                                    E. Laos, Cambodia, and Vietnam


Southeast Asia’s Political Geography
26.   The first stage in boundary evolution is:
      A. administration             *B. definition                       C. delimitation
      D. demarcation                E. superimposition

27.   A boundary is actually marked on the ground during the stage called:
      A. administration            B. allocation (definition)     C. delimitation
      *D. demarcation              E. antecedence

28.   The theory that indicates that destabilization in one area will eventually effect surrounding
      areas is:
      A. Vietnam syndrome            B. allocation theory             C. shatter belt theory
      *D. domino theory              E. forward capital theory

29. An example of a relict boundary is the boundary between:
    *A. North and South Vietnam                                          B. North and South Korea C.
Myanmar (Burma) and Thailand     D. Somalia and Ethiopia                 E. United States and Canada

30.   A boundary developing contemporaneously with a cultural landscape, and adjusting to
      linguistic, religious, and ethnic breaks, is termed:
      A. superimposed                  B. relict                C. antecedent
      *D. subsequent                   E. irredentist

31.   An antecedent boundary is:
      *A. defined prior to settlement of an area                        B. defined after an area is settled
      C. defined by an outside power, often dividing a formerly existing single political unit
      D. an example of a relict border E. delimited but never defined
32.   The genetic classification of boundaries (superimposed, subsequent, antecedent) relates the
      political boundary’s creation to:




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      A. its appearance on the map as straight, curved, or irregular
      B. its length (or persistence) - whether it is an attenuated or abbreviated boundary
      C. the physical landscape through which it lies - whether that landscape is uniform or complex
      *D. the stage of development of the cultural landscape in the boundary area at the time the
          boundary was laid down
      E. the degree of penetration of the boundary by roads, railroads, pipelines, etc.

Mainland Southeast Asia
33.   A country that is elongated is:
      A. Cambodia                     *B. Vietnam                       C. Thailand
      D. Myanmar (Burma)              E. Laos

34.   Saigon is today named after the communist leader who founded modern Vietnam, a
      revolutionary named:
      A. Kuala Lumpur               B. Kim Il Sung              *C. Ho Chi Minh
      D. Dien Bien Phu              E. Mao Zedong

35.   Cochin China was:
      A. based on the valley of the Mekong River and its fertile delta
      *B. France’s only true colony in Southeast Asia; the other political units of French Indochina
          were protectorates
      C. located adjacent to Thailand; hence Thailand’s buffer function during the colonial period
      D. part of the Netherlands’ colonial period
      E. Britain’s chief cochina-producing area in Southeast Asia

36.   Cochin China is today a part of:
      A. the Philippines            *B. Vietnam                         C. Myanmar (Burma)
      D. Indonesia                  E. Malaysia

37.   The power that lost at Dien Bien Phu in 1954 was the:
      A. United States              B. British                          *C. French
      D. Japanese                   E. all of the above

38.   Which city was the capital of North Vietnam before the 1976 reunification of the country?
      A. Phnom Penh                  *B. Hanoi                     C. Angkor Wat
      D. Brunei                      E. Saigon

39.   Which country shares no common boundary with Vietnam?
      A. Laos                       *B. Thailand            C. Cambodia
      D. People’s Republic of China                         E. All of the above




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40.   A country to which the U.S. sent about 500,000 troops in the 1960s and 1970s was:
      A. Hong Kong                  B. Myanmar (Burma)              C. Philippines
      *D. Vietnam                   E. Cambodia

41.   The two core areas of Vietnam are at:
      A. Cochin China and Tonkin                                    *B. Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City
      C. Singapore and Kuala Lumpur                                 D. Da Nang and Dien Bien Phu
      E. Vientiane and Phnom Penh

42.   The theory used by many in the United States to justify U.S. involvement in Southeast Asia is
      known as the:
      *A. domino theory            B. irredentist theory            C. rimland theory
      D. buffer state theory       E. none of the above

43.   The Southeast Asian nation that exhibits the greatest degree of compactness is:
      A. Laos                      *B. Cambodia                     C. Thailand
      D. Papua New Guinea          E. Indonesia

44.   Angkor Wat is located in which country?
      A. Vietnam                   *B. Cambodia                     C. Laos
      D. Brunei                    E. Indonesia

45.   The Khmer Rouge killed as many as 2 million people in an attempt to change the nature of:
      A. Vietnam                 *B. Cambodia                     C. Laos
      D. Brunei                  E. Indonesia

46.   The poorest nation in Indochina is:
      *A. Laos                      B. Cambodia                     C. Thailand
      D. Papua New Guinea           E. Indonesia

47.   Which of the following associations is false?
      A. Philippines and Manila     B. Myanmar (Burma) and Yangon C. Indonesia and Jakarta
      *D. Laos and Haiphong         E. Malaysia and Kuala Lumpur

48.  Three countries located on the Malay Peninsula are:
     A. Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam *B. Malaysia, Thailand, Myanmar (Burma) C. China, Korea,
Malaysia D. Malaysia, Korea, Tibet E. Malaya, Indonesia, Singapore

49.   The Southeast Asian nation that has a proruption is:
      A. Laos                      B. Cambodia                      *C. Thailand
      D. Malaysia                  E. Indonesia




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50.   The Southeast Asian nation with the significant sex tourism industry is:
      A. Laos                      B. Cambodia                      *C. Thailand
      D. Malaysia                  E. Indonesia

51.   The country that historically was called Siam is now called:
      A. Laos                        B. Cambodia                   *C. Thailand
      D. Malaysia                    E. Indonesia

52.   Thailand’s success is due to all but:
      A. fishing in the Gulf of Thailand                              B. oil in the Gulf of Thailand
      *C. the best wheat production in southeast Asia                 D. tourism
      E. production of “Japanese” cars

53.   Which of the following colonial associations is false?
      A. Netherlands and Indonesia *B. Spain and Thailand             C. France and Kampuchea
      D. Great Britain and Myanmar (Burma)                            E. Great Britain and Singapore

54.   Which of the following associations is false?
      A. Indonesia and Islam        B. Philippines and Catholicism C. Thailand and Buddhism
      *D. Myanmar (Burma) and Hinduism                             E. Malaysia and Islam

55.   An example of a country with a proruption is:
      A. Cambodia                  *B. Myanmar (Burma)                C. Vietnam
      D. Brunei                    E. Malaysia

56.   Which of the following is a former British colony?
      *A. Myanmar (Burma)            B. Thailand                      C. Cambodia
      D. the Philippines             E. Senegal

57.    The core area of Burma has moved south from __________.
      A. Mekong to Red             B. Red to Mekong            C. Haiphong to Hanoi
      *D. Mandalay to Rangoon      E. Myanmar to Bangkok

58.    Which of the following rivers provides Myanmar (Burma) with its chief internal water route?
      A. Mekong                     B. Red                     C. Chao Phraya
      *D. Irrawaddy                 E. Ganges

Insular Southeast Asia
59.   Malays:
      *A. constitute over 50 percent of the population of Malaysia
      B. are traditionally urban-oriented
      C. are divided by linguistic differences
      D. are about 50 percent Muslim
      E. recognize the Malaysian Chinese minority as a partner rather than a competitor

60.   The two eastern provinces of Malaysia are:



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      *A. Sarawak and Sabah           B. Borneo and Sumatera (Sumatra)C. Singapore and Malaya
      D. Brunei and Sabah             E. Brunei and Singapore

61.   The world’s tallest building is located in:
      A. Hainan                        *B. Kuala Lumpur                 C. Luzon
      D. Timur (Timor)                 E. New Guinea

62.   The island identified in your text as a future Singapore is:
      A. Hainan                       *B. Pinang                        C. Luzon
      D. Timur (Timor)                E. New Guinea

63.   Which of the following is one of the two Malaysian provinces on the island of Borneo?
      A. Luzon                       B. Brunei                     *C. Sarawak
      D. Hainan                      E. Singapore

64.   The small oil rich Islamic sultanate in Southeast Asia is:
      A. Indonesia                    B. Singapore                      *C. Brunei
      D. Thailand                     E. Luzon

65.   Which of the following statements is false?
      A. Malays constitute approximately half the population of Malaysia.
      B. Malays adhere to the Muslim faith.
      C. Malaysia has had serious racial problems between its Chinese and Malay populations.
      *D. Brunei is a semi-autonomous subdivision of Malaysia.
      E. All of the above are correct.

66.   Which city is located closest to Southeast Asia’s vitally important Strait of Malacca?
      A. Hong Kong                    *B. Singapore                   C. Bangkok
      D. Brunei                       E. Beijing

67.   Singapore:
      A. was a British Colony                                           B. has a large Chinese population
      C. was once a part of Malaysia D. is on a small island
      *E. all of the above

68.   Singapore:
      A. became independent immediately after World War II
      *B. is in southeast Asia, not East Asia
      C. owes its prosperity to rich mineral resource reserves located beneath its offshore waters
      D. has been a victim of disastrous governmental planning
      E. was administered by the Dutch until 1965

69.   Which of the following statements is false?
      *A. Singapore was granted its independence in 1925 by the Netherlands.




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      B.   Singapore is Southeast Asia’s smallest state in terms of population and land territory.
      C.   Singapore is an excellent example of an entrepôt.
      D.   Singapore is one of the “Four Tigers of the Orient.”
      E.   All of the above are correct.

70.   The ethnic group that accounts for over 75 percent of Singapore’s population are the:
      A. Hindus                    *B. Chinese                     C. Singhs
      D. Khmers                    E. Malays

71.   An archipelago is:
      *A. a chain of islands        B. an elongated state            C. a state with two proruption
      D. best exemplified by Laos   E. a divided state on the mainland
72.   Which of the following nations and territorial morphology types are paired incorrectly?
      *A. Indonesia - prorupt       B. Cambodia - compact            C. Thailand - prorupt
      D. Philippines - fragmented   E. Myanmar (Burma) - prorupt

73.   The Dutch:
      *A. were ruthless in their exploitation of the East Indies
      B. colonized Brunei
      C. moved into Timur (Timor) in 1976
      D. discovered large coal deposits in Indonesia
      E. chose Sumatera (Sumatra) as their headquarters

74.   Indonesia is a state located:
      A. on two major islands                                             B. on more than 13,000 islands
      C. on both the Asian mainland and the island of Borneo
      D. between the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean                   *E. B and D above

75.   Which of the following statements is false?
      A. Indonesia is a fragmented state.
      *B. Indonesia’s population is small and spread out evenly over the country’s land area.
      C. The island of New Guinea contains not only part of the land area of Indonesia, but the
          independent state of Papua New Guinea as well.
      D. The Molucca Islands are part of Indonesia.
      E. All of the above are correct.

76.   Most of the population of Indonesia is on the Island of:
      A. Sulawesi                   B. Singapore                          *C. Jawa
      D. Kalimantan                 E. Timur (Timor)

77.   The long-time ruler of Indonesia who recently left power is:
      A. Sukarno                     B. Ho Chi Minh                  *C. Suharto
      D. Kalimantan                  E. Timur (Timor)
78.   The island of ________ is one of the world’s most densely settled and intensively cultivated
      areas.
      A. Singapore                   B. Brunei                       C. Sumatera (Sumatra)
      D. Luzon                       *E. Jawa (Java)




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79.   The island of ________ is the largest and westernmost island of Indonesia.
      A. Singapore                   B. Borneo                      *C. Sumatera (Sumatra)
      D. Luzon                       E. Jawa (Java)

80.   The island of ________ is the Indonesian island that borders the Straits of Malacca.
      A. Sulawesi                    B. Borneo                      *C. Sumatera (Sumatra)
      D. Luzon                       E. Jawa (Java)

81.   The island of ________ is the Indonesian island that is identified as a minicontinent.
      A. Sulawesi                    B. Borneo                        C. Sumatera (Sumatra)
      D. Luzon                       *E. Jawa (Java)

82.   The Indonesian portion of the island of ________ is known as Kalimantan.
      A. Sulawesi                   *B. Borneo                     C. Sumatera (Sumatra)
      D. Luzon                      E. Jawa (Java)

83.   The Indonesian island of ________ is that has only 15 million population, and is the last refuge
      of many animal is:
      A. Sulawesi                  *B. Borneo                       C. Sumatera (Sumatra)
      D. Luzon                     E. Jawa (Java)

84.   The Indonesian island of ________ contains the Minahasa Peninsula, an area that sided with
      the Dutch during Indonesia’s liberation from colonial rule.
      *A. Sulawesi                  B. Borneo                     C. Sumatera (Sumatra)
      D. Luzon                      E. Jawa (Java)

85.   The island of ________ contains the Indonesian province of West Irian Jaya. The indigenous
      peoples of this island are Papuans.
      *A. New Guinea                 B. Borneo                    C. Sumatera (Sumatra)
      D. Luzon                       E. Jawa (Java)

86.   _______ became an Indonesian province following a referendum.
      A. New Guinea               *B. West Irian Jaya           C. Sumatera (Sumatra)
      D. Luzon                    E. Jawa (Java)




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87.   National unity in Indonesia is threatened by all but one of the following factors. Identify the
      incorrect one.
      A. Cultural differences are perpetuated by wide waters and high mountains.
      B. Political centrifugal forces have been strong.
      *C. Underdevelopment due to lack of resources has increased discontent.
      D. Over 250 individual languages are spoken.
      E. Indonesians are made up of about 30 discrete ethnic clusters.

88.   The policy of the Indonesian government to induce Jawanese to move to other islands is
      called:
      A. transfer                   *B. transmigration           C. Indonesiation
      D. Jawanization               E. ethnic cleansing

89.   The Southeast Asian nation that came under U.S. control was:
      A. Myanmar (Burma)           *B. Philippines                C. Brunei
      D. Laos                      E. Borneo

90.   The two main islands in the Philippines:
      *A. Mindanao and Luzon        B. Borneo and Celebes                   C. Singapore and Brunei
      D. Timur (Timor) and Jawa     E. Sulawesi and Formosa

91.   The language most commonly spoken in the Philippines today is:
      *A. Visayan                B. Chinese                     C. Tagalog
      D. Japanese                E. Malay

92.   Which of the following is not a group that has entered Philippine history?
      A. Muslims                     B. Malays                      C. Indonesians
      D. Americans                   *E. Peruvians

93.   The main religion in the Philippines is:
      A. Buddhism                    B. Islam                               C. Hinduism
      D. Methodism                   *E. Roman Catholicism


                                           Chapter 10
                                          Southeast Asia
True-False
Introduction
1.    Mainland Southeast Asia is divided into ten political entities. (F)

2.    The city commanding access to the strategic Strait of Malacca is Xianggang (Hong Kong). (F)




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3.    No large areas of tropical rainforest remain in Southeast Asia. (F)

4.    Like Eastern Europe, Southeast Asia is a region of great cultural complexity that merits the label
      shatter belt. (T)

5.    Thailand was the only country to remain free from colonial rule in Southeast Asia. (T)

6.    Southeast Asia can be considered a buffer zone and a shatter belt. (T)

Physical Geography
7.    Much of Southeast Asia is mountainous. (T)

8.    Many of Southeast Asia’s major rivers rise in the Asian interior and flow through alluvial plains to
      the sea. (T)

9.    The Pacific Rim is part of the Pacific Ring of Fire. (T)


Population Geography
10.   The total population of Southeast Asia is relatively modest compared to the populations of India and
      China. (T)

11.   Thailand and Vietnam are often able to export large quantities of rice. (T)

12.   The population of Southeast Asia tends to be evenly spread over the realm’s fragmented land area.
      (F)

13.   Southeast Asia, on average, is more densely populated and even less able to feed its people than
      India and China. (F)

14.   People in Southeast Asia have agglomerated into three types of areas: river valleys and deltas,
      volcanic soils, and plantation zones. (T)

15.   The island of Jawa (Java) is one of the world’s most intensively cultivated areas, owing to its rich
      volcanic soils. (T)

16.   The mountains to the north of mainland Southeast Asia have hindered travel into the region. (T)

17.   Except in certain areas, the soils of mainland Southeast Asia are wind-blown loess deposits. (F)

18.   The “Golden Triangle” is an area where cocaine derivatives are harvested. (F)

19.   Of Southeast Asia’s 529 million population, more than half live in either Indonesia or the




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      Philippines. (T)

20.   The Khmer people form the majority of the population in Cambodia. (T)

21.   Malays are Muslims. (T)

22.   Ethnic strife continues to plague Myanmar with the Shan and Karen peoples challenging the
      authority of the central government. (T)

23.   The Filipinos, Malays, and Indonesians are all Indonesians, although they are now divided by history
      and politics. (T)

How the Political Map Evolved
24.   From French Indochina, came the three states of Vietnam, Malaya, and Laos. (F)

25.   Burma received its independence from India in 1955. (F)

26.   The term Malaysia refers to only those former British protectorates on the mainland. (F)

27.   The United States acquired the Philippines at the end of World War II. (F)

28.   The Philippines became independent in 1976. (F)

29.   The Hollanders took control of the “Spice Islands” of what is today Indonesia through the Dutch
      West India Company. (T)

30.   Dutch colonialism eventually united over 13,000 islands into one state. (T)

31.   The Philippines came under American rule as a result of the 1898 Spanish-American War. (T)

32.   The Philippines’ last colonial master, which granted the country independence in 1946, was the
      United States. (T)

33.   At the end of World War II there were no independent countries in Southeast Asia. (F)

34.   The Dutch took control of Laos. (F)

35.   The British colonized much of the Malayan Peninsula. (F)

36.   The island of Singapore was a British colony. (T)

37.   Brunei achieved independence by revolting against Indonesian rule. (F)

38.   Jawa (Java) is the most populous Indonesian Island. (T)




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39.   Kuala Lumpur is the capital of Malaysia. (T)

40.   Indonesia is the world’s most populous Muslim country. (T)

41.   The dominant religion of both Indonesia and Malaysia is Islam. (T)

42.   Nearly half of Indonesia’s people were converted to the Muslim faith. (F)

43.   Only two states in Southeast Asia have Chinese minorities. (F)

44.   The arrival of the Europeans to Southeast Asia was initially a great disadvantage to the Chinese. (F)

45.   In Singapore, the Chinese are about 78 percent of the population. (T)

46.   In Myanmar (Burma), only 1 percent of the population is Chinese. (T)

47.   Since the withdrawal of the Europeans from Southeast Asia, the Chinese have become the major
      targets of antagonism. (F)

48.   Most of the Philippines is Roman Catholic, having been a colony of Spain. (T)


Southeast Asia’s Political Geography
49.   In boundary creation, the delimitation stage precedes the demarcation stage. (T)

50.   The processes that cause a state to fail are referred to as processes of devolution. (T)

51.   The first stage in boundary evolution is called definition. (T)

52.   Antecedent boundaries are decided before significant settlement of an area occurs. (T)

53.   Subsequent boundaries are decided after significant settlement of an area occurs. (T)

54.   The boundary between Singapore and Malaysia is known as a relict boundary. (F)

55.   The boundary between West Irian (Indonesia) and Papua New Guinea is superimposed and
      geometric. (T)

Mainland Southeast Asia
56.   Vietnam constitutes an elongated state. (T)

57.   The three administrative divisions of French Indochina which are now unified as Vietnam were
      Cochin China, Annam, and Tonkin. (T)




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58.   Cochin China was the name of the French colonial stronghold centered on the Mekong Delta of the
      former country of South Vietnam. (T)

59.   More than half of Vietnam’s population was born after the Indochina War. (T)

60.   North and South Vietnam were united in 1976. (T)

61.   Ho Chi Minh City is called Saigon by almost all of its inhabitants. (T)

62.   The Domino Theory relates to the notion that people in country A try to get their ethnic brothers in
      country B to revolt against the rule of country B and become part of country A. When this happens, a
      domino falls. (F)

63.   About 2 million boat people left Southeast Asia, but more than half perished from storms, exposure,
      pirates, starvation, and sinkings. (T)

64.   Vietnam feeds its own population and exports rice. (T)

65.   The embargo against Vietnam is tightening in the 1990s. (F)

66.   Hanoi has chosen to keep its communist political system while opting for market economics. (T)

67.   Saigon and the south of Vietnam are ahead of Hanoi and the north in an economic sense. (T)

68.   Vietnam has more than one core area. (T)

69.   Cambodia is a good example of an elongated state. (F)

70.   Angkor Wat is located in Laos. (F)

71.   Cambodia was once called Mekong and was ruled by a democratic government until 1970. (F)

72.   Laos is Southeast Asia’s only landlocked country. (T)

73.   In their effort to reconstruct Cambodia as a rural society, the Khmer Rouge killed as many as two
      million people in the mid-1970s. (T)

74.   The population of Thailand is about 12 percent Chinese. (T)

75.   Bangkok is know as the Paris of Southeast Asia because of its fashion industry. (F)

76.   In Thailand, many klongs are today filled in and serve as roadways (T)

77.   The heart of Thailand is in the Chao Phraya River basin. (T)

78.   Thailand is a major rice exporter. (F)


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79.   Many Japanese cars are actually made in Thailand. (T)

80.   The sex industry is an important part of tourism in Thailand. (T)

81.   Burma, unlike other Southeast Asian nations, has no ethnic minorities. (F)

82.   The Irrawady River is the major core area in Cambodia. (F)

83.   Myanmar (Burma) and Thailand are both classic examples of a prorupt state. (T)

84.   Because of its rich petroleum reserves, Myanmar (Burma) is one of the wealthiest countries in the
      world. (F)

85.   The Irrawady connects the Mandalay core area with the Rangoon (Yangon) core area. (T)

86.   Myanmar is one of the world’s largest exporters of opium poppies. (T)

87.   British administration in Myanmar (Burma) led to the growth of the Indian population. (T)

88.   The Karens, a people living in the proruption of Burma, wish to create an autonomous area within
      Burma. (T)

Insular Southeast Asia
89.   35 percent of the population of Malaysia is Chinese. (T)

90.   The Chinese in Malaysia form much of the merchant class. (T)

91.   In World War II, the Japanese treated the Chinese with ruthless persecution. (T)

92.   Malaysia’s economy has grown significantly since the 1980s. (T)

93.   The Straits of Malacca are one of the world's busiest and most strategic waterways. (T)

94.   East Malaysia includes Sarawak and Sabah. (T)

95.   Pinang is identified in your textbook as a possible new Singapore. (T)

96.   Singapore lies on the Straits of Malacca. (T)

97.   Singapore is hoping to attract Chinese leaving Hong Kong when the People’s Republic takes over.
      (T)

98.   People of Chinese descent are a majority of the population of Singapore. (T)




Page 266                                                                                  Southeast Asia
99.   In Singapore, the Chinese constitute more than 75 percent of the population. (T)

100. Singapore has an authoritarian government and a market economy. (T)

101. A state whose national territory consists of two or more separated parts is prorupt. (F)

102. The island of Jawa (Java) became the focus of Netherlands administration in Southeast Asia. (T)

103. Indonesia is spread across some 13,000 islands. (T)

104. The five large islands in Indonesia are Luzon, Mindanao, Pinang, Singapore, and Jawa (Java). (F)

105. Indonesia has more than 300 ethnic clusters, 250 different languages and many different religions.
     (T)

106. The island of Bali is known for its Bali dancers. (F)

107. The Dutch were the model for benevolent colonialism in Indonesia. (F)

108. Timur (Timor) was taken by Indonesia in 1976 after having been a French possession. (F)

109. Indonesia has a policy of transmigration which involves the resettlement of Jawanese to other
     islands. (T)

110. About 120 million people live on the island of Jawa (Java). (T)
111. Wages in Indonesia are even below those in Malaysia, Thailand, and China. (T)

112. Brunei today is one of the largest oil producers in the British Commonwealth. (T)

113. The small oil producing country in Southeast Asia is Singapore. (F)

114. Manila is located on the island of Mindanao. (F)

115. Visayan is the most commonly spoken language in the Philippines. (T)

116. There is a Muslim-based insurgency in the southern islands of Indonesia. (T)

117. The two largest islands in the Philippines are Luzon and Mindanao. (T)

118. The Philippines has not been one of the major centers of development on the Pacific Rim. (T)

Matching
119. The official language of the Republic of the Philippines (E)
120. A boundary forcibly placed upon a landscape without regard for cultural patterns (B)



Southeast Asia                                                                                  Page 267
121. A temple of world renown which was built under the supervision of Suryavarman II in what is now
     Cambodia (C)
122. A group of non-Vietnamese people who under French colonial rule lived in Vietnam's highlands at
     subsistence levels (A)
123. A state with a lengthy land extension in the form of a peninsula or landlocked corridor (D)

       A. Montagnards
       B. Superimposed
       C. Angkor Wat
       D. Elongated
       E. Tagalog


124.   Southeast Asia’s only landlocked country (A)
125.   An oil-exporting Islamic Sultanate in Southeast Asia (D)
126.   An island state (B)
127.   A region caught between strong external cultural-political forces (C)
128.   Binding or uniting forces in a state (E)

       A. Laos
       B. Singapore
       C. shatter belt
       D. Brunei
       E. centripetal




Page 268                                                                              Southeast Asia
129.   Largest Muslim country (A)
130.   Prorupt (D)
131.   Northeastern neighbor of Thailand (C)
132.   Compact (B)
133.   Tagalog speakers (E)

       A. Indonesia
       B. Cambodia
       C. Laos
       D. Thailand
       E. Philippines


134.   Achieved independence in 1984 (C)
135.   Angkor Wat ruins (E)
136.   Chao Phraya core area (D)
137.   Irrawaddy Delta (A)
138.   Contains Mekong Delta (B)

       A. Myanmar (Burma)
       B. Vietnam
       C. Brunei
       D. Thailand
       E. Cambodia


Fill Ins
139. The boundary-type that is defined and delimited before the main elements of its cultural landscape
     begin to develop, is known as ____________. (an antecedent boundary)

140. The Communist leader who founded modern North Vietnam and after whom the capital of reunited
     Vietnam (formerly Saigon) was renamed in 1976, was __________. (Ho Chi Minh)

141. Both Thailand and Myanmar (Burma) are examples of states whose territorial morphologies can be
     classified as __________. (prorupt)

142. Countries such as the Philippines, Indonesia, and Malaysia, whose territory consists of numerous
     parts separated by water and/or foreign territory, are called __________ states by political
     geographers. (fragmented)

143. The most important island of the Philippines, which contains the capital of Manila, is called
     __________. (Luzon)




Southeast Asia                                                                                  Page 269

				
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