Inventors and Inventions of the

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					Inventors and Inventions of the Industrial Revolution

Time line                                         Events
1689 to     Thomas Savery invented and patented a steam-driven engine to pump
1698        water from mine shafts.
1701        Jethro Tull invented the seed drill.
1705        Thomas Newcomem invented the first steam-powered engine.
1709        Abraham Darby invented coke smelting (replacing coal and wood) producing better
            quality of iron.
1712        Thomas Newcomem built the first commercially workable steam-powered engine to
            remove water from deep mine shafts
1730        Jethro Tull developed sowing machine permitting large-scale planting in rows
1733        John Kay invented the fly shuttles in manual weaving industry
1740        Benjamin Huntsman, a clockmaker of Doncaster discovered crucible
1750 to     Benjamin Franklin studied the relationship between lighting and
1754        electricity
1758        First threshing machine discovered.
1759        The first Canal Act was passed by the British Parliament.
1763 to     James Watt improved a more efficient steam-powered engine and patented in 1769.
1763 to     James Hargreaves invented and developed ―spinning jenny‖ in spinning cotton and
1767        patented in1770.
1764        Pierre Trosanquet developed a new method in road building.
1768        Threshing machine was invented.
1769        Richard Arkwright invented water-powered spinning –frame.
1769        A Frenchman, Nicholas Cugnot produced the original steam locomotive.
1775        James Watt produced the first reliable and efficient steam engine. The new one
            reduced one third of fuel than the Newcomem.
1779        Samuel Crompton developed first steam powered ―spinning mule‖weaving mill.
1785        Clande Berthollet, a French chemist discovered printing on the cloth after bleaching
            by chlorine.
1785        An American craftman, James Rumsey drove a steamship on the River Potomac
            upstream with a speed of 4 m.p.h.
1785 to     Edmund Cartwright developed the powered loom.
1785 to     Eli Whitney developed the mass production of interchangeable parts techniques in
1799        the arms industry
1790        An American, John Fitch produced a propeller powered steamship.
1792        James Watt‘s assistant William Murdock lighted his home with coal gas.
1793        Eli Whitney invented the cotton gin to clean raw cotton.
1797        Henry Maudslay (British) and David Wilkinson (American) invented the first lathe.
1800        Alessandro Volta invented the first battery.
1800        A Scottish, John McAdam introduced new road-making techniques
1801        Richard Trevithick demonstrated the first steam powered locomotive.
1801 to   Richard Trevithick developed mining in Wales with steam powered locomotive.
1802      William Cruikshank designed the first mass production of battery.
1807      An American, Robert Fulton improved the Clermont steamboat and succeeded the
          journey from New York to Albany.
1821      Michael Faraday demonstrated electro-magnetic rotation, the principle of the electric
1825      The first regular railway service opened between Darlington and Stockton.
1829      George Stephenson provided the passenger with his locomotive ‗Rocket‘ between the
          new Manchester and Liverpool railway.
1831      Michael Faraday discovered electro-magnetic current, making possible generators
          and electric engines.
1832      Hippolyte Pixii produced a prototype electricity generator using magnets in France.
1834      Charles Babbage developed his analytic engine, the forerunner computer
          Fox Talbot produced photographs.
1836 to   Samuel F.B. Morse developed the telegraph and Morse Code
1837      The Great-Western – began first ocean-going steamship.
          The Sirius steamship went across Atlantic Ocean in 18 days
1838      Louis Daguerre perfected the first practical photograph (Daguerreotype)
1839      Fox Talbot introduced photographic paper.
1840      Samuel Cunard initiated trans-Atlantic steamship service.
1843      Great Britain – first large, iron, screw-propelled steamship.
1844      Samuel Morse demonstrated the concept of the first telegraph (Baltimore to
          Elias Howe invented the sewing machine.
1846      Pneumatic tire patented
          First telegraph cable laid under the Channel.
1849      Monier developed reinforced concrete.
1850      First used of gasoline (refined petroleum)
1851      Isaac Singer invented the first practical sewing machine.

1856      Henry Bessemer invented the Bessemer converter making steel widely affordable for
          the first time.
          W.H. Perkin produced aniline dyes, permitting brightly coloured cottons.
1857      Pasteur experimented with fermentation.
1858      First Trans-Atlantic Cable completed.
          Cathode rays discovered.
1859      Edwin Drake drilled the first oil well in Pennsylvania.
          Etienne Lenoir demonstrated the first practical two-stroke gasoline internal
          combustion engine.
1863      William Siemens-Martin developed the open hearth furnace to make steel available
          in bulk. Steel framing and reinforced concrete made possible ―curtain-wall‖
          architecture—i.e., the skyscraper.
1865      George Westinghouse patented his first designed rotary engine.
1866      Werner von Siemens perfected the dynamo to generate electricity
          Cyrus Field laid the first successful Trans-Atlantic cable.
1867      Alfred Nobel produced dynamite, the first high explosive that could be safely
1868   George Westinghouse developed the first air brake device to stop a heavy train using
       compressed air.
1873   Christopher Sholes invented the Remington typewriter.
1876   Alexander Graham Bell developed the first telephone.
       Nicholas August Otto invented the four-stroke internal combustion engine.
1877   Thomas Edison invented the phonograph.
1878   Microphone invented.
1879   Thomas Edison invented the carbon filament lamp
1881   George Westinghouse perfected the first automatic electric block signal device for
       moving rail traffic to avoid wrecks.
1883   The first ten stories high skyscraper was completed in Chicago.
1886   Gottlieb Daimler and Karl Benz developed the first automobile to run on internal
       combustion engine.
1888   Nikola Tesla invented the induction electric motor.
       Hertz produced radio waves.
1889   George Westinghouse developed the alternating current machines after
       purchasing the patent rights from Nikola Tesla and developed efficient
       way to transmit clean natural gas to industry for fuel.
       Eiffel Tower completed in Paris, the world‘s tallest structure until 1930.
1892   Rudolf Diesel patented the diesel engine.
1895   Louis and Auguste Lumiere brothers developed the Cinematograph.
       Wilhelm Roentgen discovered X-rays.
       Guglielmo Marconi successfully tested communication by radio wave or wireless