Inventors and Inventions of the Industrial Revolution
Time line Events
1689 to Thomas Savery invented and patented a steam-driven engine to pump
1698 water from mine shafts.
1701 Jethro Tull invented the seed drill.
1705 Thomas Newcomem invented the first steam-powered engine.
1709 Abraham Darby invented coke smelting (replacing coal and wood) producing better
quality of iron.
1712 Thomas Newcomem built the first commercially workable steam-powered engine to
remove water from deep mine shafts
1730 Jethro Tull developed sowing machine permitting large-scale planting in rows
1733 John Kay invented the fly shuttles in manual weaving industry
1740 Benjamin Huntsman, a clockmaker of Doncaster discovered crucible
1750 to Benjamin Franklin studied the relationship between lighting and
1758 First threshing machine discovered.
1759 The first Canal Act was passed by the British Parliament.
1763 to James Watt improved a more efficient steam-powered engine and patented in 1769.
1763 to James Hargreaves invented and developed ―spinning jenny‖ in spinning cotton and
1767 patented in1770.
1764 Pierre Trosanquet developed a new method in road building.
1768 Threshing machine was invented.
1769 Richard Arkwright invented water-powered spinning –frame.
1769 A Frenchman, Nicholas Cugnot produced the original steam locomotive.
1775 James Watt produced the first reliable and efficient steam engine. The new one
reduced one third of fuel than the Newcomem.
1779 Samuel Crompton developed first steam powered ―spinning mule‖weaving mill.
1785 Clande Berthollet, a French chemist discovered printing on the cloth after bleaching
1785 An American craftman, James Rumsey drove a steamship on the River Potomac
upstream with a speed of 4 m.p.h.
1785 to Edmund Cartwright developed the powered loom.
1785 to Eli Whitney developed the mass production of interchangeable parts techniques in
1799 the arms industry
1790 An American, John Fitch produced a propeller powered steamship.
1792 James Watt‘s assistant William Murdock lighted his home with coal gas.
1793 Eli Whitney invented the cotton gin to clean raw cotton.
1797 Henry Maudslay (British) and David Wilkinson (American) invented the first lathe.
1800 Alessandro Volta invented the first battery.
1800 A Scottish, John McAdam introduced new road-making techniques
1801 Richard Trevithick demonstrated the first steam powered locomotive.
1801 to Richard Trevithick developed mining in Wales with steam powered locomotive.
1802 William Cruikshank designed the first mass production of battery.
1807 An American, Robert Fulton improved the Clermont steamboat and succeeded the
journey from New York to Albany.
1821 Michael Faraday demonstrated electro-magnetic rotation, the principle of the electric
1825 The first regular railway service opened between Darlington and Stockton.
1829 George Stephenson provided the passenger with his locomotive ‗Rocket‘ between the
new Manchester and Liverpool railway.
1831 Michael Faraday discovered electro-magnetic current, making possible generators
and electric engines.
1832 Hippolyte Pixii produced a prototype electricity generator using magnets in France.
1834 Charles Babbage developed his analytic engine, the forerunner computer
Fox Talbot produced photographs.
1836 to Samuel F.B. Morse developed the telegraph and Morse Code
1837 The Great-Western – began first ocean-going steamship.
The Sirius steamship went across Atlantic Ocean in 18 days
1838 Louis Daguerre perfected the first practical photograph (Daguerreotype)
1839 Fox Talbot introduced photographic paper.
1840 Samuel Cunard initiated trans-Atlantic steamship service.
1843 Great Britain – first large, iron, screw-propelled steamship.
1844 Samuel Morse demonstrated the concept of the first telegraph (Baltimore to
Elias Howe invented the sewing machine.
1846 Pneumatic tire patented
First telegraph cable laid under the Channel.
1849 Monier developed reinforced concrete.
1850 First used of gasoline (refined petroleum)
1851 Isaac Singer invented the first practical sewing machine.
1856 Henry Bessemer invented the Bessemer converter making steel widely affordable for
the first time.
W.H. Perkin produced aniline dyes, permitting brightly coloured cottons.
1857 Pasteur experimented with fermentation.
1858 First Trans-Atlantic Cable completed.
Cathode rays discovered.
1859 Edwin Drake drilled the first oil well in Pennsylvania.
Etienne Lenoir demonstrated the first practical two-stroke gasoline internal
1863 William Siemens-Martin developed the open hearth furnace to make steel available
in bulk. Steel framing and reinforced concrete made possible ―curtain-wall‖
architecture—i.e., the skyscraper.
1865 George Westinghouse patented his first designed rotary engine.
1866 Werner von Siemens perfected the dynamo to generate electricity
Cyrus Field laid the first successful Trans-Atlantic cable.
1867 Alfred Nobel produced dynamite, the first high explosive that could be safely
1868 George Westinghouse developed the first air brake device to stop a heavy train using
1873 Christopher Sholes invented the Remington typewriter.
1876 Alexander Graham Bell developed the first telephone.
Nicholas August Otto invented the four-stroke internal combustion engine.
1877 Thomas Edison invented the phonograph.
1878 Microphone invented.
1879 Thomas Edison invented the carbon filament lamp
1881 George Westinghouse perfected the first automatic electric block signal device for
moving rail traffic to avoid wrecks.
1883 The first ten stories high skyscraper was completed in Chicago.
1886 Gottlieb Daimler and Karl Benz developed the first automobile to run on internal
1888 Nikola Tesla invented the induction electric motor.
Hertz produced radio waves.
1889 George Westinghouse developed the alternating current machines after
purchasing the patent rights from Nikola Tesla and developed efficient
way to transmit clean natural gas to industry for fuel.
Eiffel Tower completed in Paris, the world‘s tallest structure until 1930.
1892 Rudolf Diesel patented the diesel engine.
1895 Louis and Auguste Lumiere brothers developed the Cinematograph.
Wilhelm Roentgen discovered X-rays.
Guglielmo Marconi successfully tested communication by radio wave or wireless