Old Paths And Legends Of New England by gabyion

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									               NORTH ANDOVER, 1646-1855
      NORTH ANDOVER,  as the most advanced in years, though
by no means decrepit, of the Merrimack Valley trio, Andover,
North Andover, and Methuen, demands our first considera-
tion; its very stones have a strictly colonial air, while the
stately mansions of this North Parish of Andover promise a
marvellous store of history and tradition.
   Just beyond the village is Lake Cochichawick, Andover's
Indian name before it was sold by the unwary Cutsamaehe
for a '' Coat and six pounds sterling, provided yl ye Indian
called Roger may have liberty to take alewives in Cochichawick
River, but if they either spoyle or steale any corne or other
fruite to any considerable value of ye inhabitants then this
liberty of taking fish shall forever cease." 1 On the way
thither, amid the green nestles a homestead of the Osgood 2
family, influential in civil and military affairs from the
first settlement. The hill beyond displays the modern
mansion of the Hon. Moses T. Stevens, and other beautiful
residences occupying the homestead grants of first settlers.
   The house of General Eben Sutton stands nigh to the
ancient "house lot, kort-yard and dwelling house" of
Richard Sutton, with its " forty and eight acres of upland
lying on the farr side of Shawshin river," sold to him by
Mr. Simon Bradstreet and Ann, his wife. Hard by were the
log huts of George Abbot senr. on the north and George Abbot
jr. on the south, also of Mr. Bradstreet, who took up his last
  1
    The early township of Andover included land lying between the
Merrimack River, Rowley, Salem, Woburn, and Cambridge.
  2
    Samuel Osgood was a member of the Provincial Congress and Post-
master-General. Dr. Joseph Osgood and Dr. George Osgood were emi-
nent physicians.
                                186
                         North Andover                                    187

sitting at Andover, a place well fitted for the husbandman's
hand but of great inconvenience to the planters in carrying
their corn to market.1
   You will find the second and                 NORTH ANDOVER
more commodious house of the               LANDMARKS: Public Library in
worshipful Simon Bradstreet on             Odd Fellows' Building. The First
                                           Church, Phillips Sq.; organized 1645.
the highway to the Old North               Kittredge mansion (1784). Home
                                           of Dr. Thomas Kittredge of Revolu-
Church, the home of our first wo-          tionary fame. " Old North Burying-
man poet, Anne Bradstreet.2 The            Ground," Phillips Manse (1752),
                                           Osgood St. Bradstreet house (1667).
house, with buttressed chimney             Samuel Osgood house First Post-
                                           master-General. Timothy Johnson
like a fortress to the roof, is most       Homestead (169-), Stevens St.; here
attractive in its present-day quaint-      Penelope Johnson was killed by the
                                           Indians; residence, Miss Kate John-
ness; to every rafter hangs a tale         son. John Osgood house; home of
                                           Colonel Osgood of the French and
and a certain chamber confesses a          Indian War.        Osgood mansion,
ghost. When the Indians fell on            home of Hon. Gayton P. Osgood;
                                           (owned by Mrs. J. H. Davis). Man-
Andover to take revenge on '' Pem-         sion house of Mr. Moody Bridges of
aquid Chubb,"3 forty savages, led          the First Provincial Congress; birth-
                                           place of Major-General Isaac Stevens,
by the implacable Assacumbuit,             killed at Chantilly, 1862; now the
                                           residence of Oliver Stevens, Esq.,
dragged Colonel Bradstreet and his         corner Essex and Depot Sts. Adams
family over the snowy road by the          House; home of Major John
                                           Adams; now the Charlotte Home.
light of burning farms, then, as           Frye house; home of Chaplain
  1
     Historical Sketches of Andover, by Sarah Loring Bailey.
  2
     In the Bradstreet lineage are Oliver Wendell Holmes, William Ellery
Channing, Wendell Phillips, Richard H. Dana. Later dwellers in the
homestead were the Rev. William Symmes, the Hon. John Norris,
associate founder of the Theological Seminary (many were the hospitable
" tea-drinkings" at Mrs. Norris's); also Mrs. Elizabeth Parks, the Rev.
Bailey Loring, and Master Simeon Putnam, the pedagogue whose idle
boys, wearing the dunce-cap, seated by the roadside, quite wore out the
grass in doing penance for their misdemeanors.
   3
     "Pascoe Chubb late Commander of his Majesty's ffort William Henry
at Pemaquid is released from jail in Boston on account of his indigent
family." He was committed for the cowardly giving up of the fort to
the French and Indians, who threatened him with torture on account of
an unpardonable act of treachery, he having supplied with liquor Penob-
scot Indians who were in conference with him about exchange of prisoners,
and then ordered a massacre.
188 Old Paths and Legends of New England
Jonathan Frye, Chestnut St., res.
Mrs. Sarah P. Grozlier. Abraham
                                      suddenly released them at the plea
Poor Estate or old " Priest Abbot"    of an Indian,—who, when a hunted
(author of the History of Andover)
place on the Shawshine.       Mills   boy, was fed and sheltered by
(Prospect) Hill. St. Paul's Church.   Colonel Bradstreet's mother,—then
Peabody house, now owned by
Nathaniel Gage.      Russell Farm.    returned with escort to Saco. A
Lake Cochichawick. Foster home-       similar act of gratitude was the
stead on J. M. Hubbard Estate;
birthplace Hon. Jedediah Foster.      bringing home of the half-starved
Hubbard Elm, near Boxford line;
oldest tree in Essex County, 270      captive boy Timothy Abbot by a
years. Ancient Fishery on bank of
the Merrimack, near mouth of
                                      poor, affectionate squaw, who took
Shawshine River.                      pity on his mother.




             The Governor Bradstreet House, North Andover.
Home of Mistress Anne Bradstreet. " The tenth muse sprung up in
                              America."
              "/ am obnoxious to each carping tongue
                  Who says my hand a needle better fits,
                A poet's pen all scorn I should thus wrong,
                  For such despite they cast on female wits."
                         North Andover                              189

   Across the road is the old Phillips Manse,1 the ancestral
home of Phillips Brooks. There is his beloved corn-barn,
under whose shadow he longed " to sit and talk it all over,"
his European letter tells us.




            The Kittredge Homestead (1784), North Andover.
                  Residence of Miss Sarah Kittredge.

        Lying close by, with only a pasture between, is the old
      burying ground, and a step farther is the Kittredge mansion,
      the home of six generations of physicians and of as many
      sweet singers. Doubtless some one of these was accom-
  1
    The Phillips homestead was built by Samuel Phillips about 1734.
He married Elizabeth Barnard, daughter of the Rev. John Barnard, "who
came as a bride with a considerable fortune." Their son, the celebrated
Judge Phillips, was a great-grandfather of Phillips Brooks. Mary Ann
Phillips, daughter of the Hon. John Phillips, was married here to William
Gray Brooks, in 1833. They set up housekeeping near their uncle Peter
Chardon Brooks, on High Street, Boston, where Phillips Brooks was
born.—Life and Letters of Phillips Brooks, by Alexander V. G. Allen.
190 Old Paths and Legends of New England
     panied by the ancient bassoon at the North Church, and
     learned the "art of singing and rules of psalmody" from a
     music-book of old melodies, America, Wells, Oxford, arranged
     without staves and with Sanskrit-like notes, lying on the
     Clement piano of Madame Kittredge. A flax wheel spun
     lavendered linen for the high canopied bed from flax raised
     in Andover, and a baby's wrought cap speaks of hours of
     loving toil by the weary housemother, seated primly in high-
     back chair close to the flickering light in the quaint candle-
     stick brought over by Governor Endicott.
        The Indian war-whoop was far less fearful at Andover's
     peaceful firesides than the witchcraft frenzy caught one sad
     day from Salem Village. Women of high standing were
    forced into confession of dark dealings with the "Black
     Man," afterward retracted, while courageous Martha Carrier,
    who unflinchingly denied being a witch-wife, languished in
     Salem jail. If a "seasonable spanking" had been ad-
    ministered to those deluded children of Old Danvers, the
    plague need not have infected the aforetime staid com-
    munity, and it would not have been necessary to summon,
    the eminent Cotton Mather to disperse the witch-revel.
        The North Church prospered greatly under the Rev. John
    Barnard, ordained in 1719 with elaborate ceremonies.
    Church records reveal much public admonishing of mem-
    bers in good standing. "Voted, that Lawrence              shall
    make a Public confession for the Idle lazy life he has led for
    these many years. Voted that B             make her confession
    for scandals. That Timothy             jr. make a public con-
    fession for his false and uncharitable reflexion upon me
    (Mr. Barnard)." The latter offence against the minister
    was such a grave matter that three ministers were called
    in from neighboring churches, in consultation.

  Andover, North and South, played a courageous part in
the wars, early and late; two companies under Captain
Thomas Poor and Captain Benjamin Ames, in Colonel
                         North Andover                              191

James Frye's regiment, appear in the Lexington Alarm Rolls;
also companies under Captain Henry Abbot, Captain
Nathaniel Lovejoy, Lieutenant John Adams, and Captain
Joshua Holt.1 Many of these were at Bunker Hill.
             "Shot fell like rain on Charlestown Necx
                And brave the deeds oft told,
              Of Bailey, Farnum, Frye and Poor
                And stout John Barker bold." 2

   News of the battle reached Andover on Sunday morning,
and the patriot parson—Jonathan French—stayed not for
scruples of Sabbath travel, but was soon on the field, with
musket and surgeon's case. Parson French's fair daughter
Abigail became the beauty and toast of the town; and
when he presented her with a side-saddle 3 she forthwith
proceeded to ride over the hearts of all theologians, staid
and otherwise, who came to read with her good father. The
saddle finally bore her off on her wedding journey to Bed-
ford town, leaving a score of suitors lamenting.
   1
     In Captain Joshua Holt's Company were Deacon John Dane, Thomas
Blanchard, and other aged men, unable to bear arms, who rode to Cam-
bridge on the day of the alarm " t o carry provisions for those who stood
in need.''
   2
     Poem by Annie Sawyer Downs on the occasion of the celebration
of the two hundred and fiftieth anniversary of Andover.
  3
     Abigail French married the Rev. Samuel Stearns, of Bedford. Her
saddle is now in the possession of the Bedford Historical Society.

								
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