Carbon Management Plan by eht15743

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									Carbon Management Plan
                July 2008
1         Executive summary
1.1       In 2005/06 South Lanarkshire Council spent in the region of £15.4m on energy and
          carbon based fuels. Investment in energy efficiency measures and replacement of
          older buildings has helped slow this increase. However, costs of both are increasing
          above the rate of inflation and will rise to around £16m in 2007/08.

1.2       According to a broad scientific consensus greenhouse gases are responsible for global
          warming. The burning of carbon based fuels, for heating, vehicle use and energy
          generation, as well as the release of methane from waste in land fill sites, are the UK’s
          biggest sources of greenhouse gases.

1.3       The UK is now party to international and European agreements to make significant
          reductions in its greenhouse gas emissions. Achieving these commitments will
          require action by both the public and commercial sector as well as individuals. The
          Stern Review, UK Climate Change Bill, recent budget announcements and changes in
          planning regulations indicate that efforts to reduce carbon emissions are now entering
          the core of policy making, and the Council can’t afford to ignore this change in
          thinking.

1.4       The Council has an obligation to strive for best value and to contribute to sustainable
          development. It has sought to improve its performance in this area through its
          sustainable development strategy, a key objective of which is to reduce greenhouse
          gas emissions.

1.5       The purpose of this Carbon Management Plan is to set out how the Council can begin
          to meet this objective. The document outlines the main sources of Council greenhouse
          gas emissions estimated at 142,394 tonnes of CO2, in the baseline year of 2005/06. It
          outlines the many challenges the Council faces in trying to reduce emissions and
          to prepare for a low carbon economy. Actions outlined in the plan, some of which
          are already taking place and have started to have an effect, include enhancing the
          Council’s capacity to undertake carbon management, by way of the appointment
          of Development Officer (Carbon Management) and the setting up of a Carbon
          Management Group.




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1.6    The Carbon Trust’s carbon management matrix has been used to establish the
       Council’s carbon emissions baseline for the year 2005/06 and has been used to give a
       target for 2010/11. The Carbon Management Group will oversee the implementation of
       carbon reduction schemes and will monitor the progress of schemes in relation to the
       target.

1.7    This plan will focus on the period between 2006 until 2011. An annual review will be
       undertaken to identify and quantify ongoing opportunities for carbon reductions and
       any associated financial savings. Emissions of CO2 will be quantified every year in order
       to track performance relative to the 2005/06 emissions baseline.

1.8    Carbon management requires a long-term commitment and therefore it will be
       necessary to embed a culture of environmental awareness and responsible carbon
       resource management which will contribute to the aim of global climate change
       mitigation. A Sustainable Development Communications Group has been established
       to support this aim. Carbon management will be progressed as one of four key work
       streams linked to the Council’s sustainable development strategy. This will provide a
       robust structure for internal and external reporting and will help ensure that carbon
       management is mainstreamed across Council services.

1.9    A target reduction of 5% in emissions by 2011 is proposed. This equates to an overall
       reduction of 7,076 tonnes of CO2. This is ambitious and challenging. There are however
       uncertainties about achieving this target: for example the impact of anticipated
       housing growth on service provision and the Council’s ambitious plans for schools
       modernisation. While considering these challenges, the plan commits the Council to
       try to meet this target, and to go further if possible.

1.10   On 16 January 2007 South Lanarkshire Council signed Scotland’s Climate Change
       Declaration. The declaration acknowledged that man made climate change is
       occurring and human activities are having a significant negative and potentially
       dangerous impact globally. The declaration committed the Council to take action
       to both mitigate and adapt to climate change, by reducing our greenhouse gas
       emissions and by preparing for the impacts of a changing climate. These commitments
       will be delivered through the Sustainable Development Strategy with this Carbon
       Management Plan being key to the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions from the
       Council’s activities. New legislation, such as the forthcoming Scottish Climate Change
       Bill, will add further impetus to the requirement for action in this area.




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1.11   There is a need for this Carbon Management Plan to focus on strategic actions to
       improve the Council’s long-term capacity to manage its carbon emissions. The Council
       has also been investing in energy efficiency improvements across its portfolio through
       the Scottish Government funded Central Energy Efficiency Fund (CEEF). This fund is
       replenished through revenue savings achieved through investing in energy efficiency/
       carbon reducing measures. The payback period for these investments is determined
       by the assessed level of potential savings that could be achieved.

1.12   This Carbon Management Plan directly contributes to the Council’s value of sustainable
       development, as detailed in ‘Connect’ the Council Plan 2007 -2011.

       Figure 1.12   South Lanarkshire Council sources of carbon presented within this
                     Carbon Management Plan




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2     Strategic context
2.1   The Carbon Management Plan, focusing on climate change mitigation, is one of
      a number of initiatives in relation to climate change in support of the Sustainable
      Development Strategy. Climate change adaptation (i.e. changing to cope with the
      impacts of a changing climate) is being considered elsewhere by Council through the
      development of a Local Climate Impact Profile and community emissions are being
      considered through the local ecological foot printing project.

2.2   In March 2006 South Lanarkshire Council took part on the UK Carbon Trust’s
      2006/07 Local Authority Carbon Management Programme (LACMP). The Carbon
      Trust is a nation-wide charity supported by the UK government and the devolved
      administrations of Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. It was established, following
      the introduction of the climate change levy, to help commercial business and public
      sector organisations to reduce greenhouse gas emissions through best practice in the
      management of energy and the use of fossil fuels – now widely referred to in industry
      as ‘carbon management’.

2.3   The LACMP ran over a ten month period. In that time it aimed to:
          Mitigate the impact of energy cost increases
          Achieve best value in the use of energy resources
          Spread awareness of energy management at all levels of the Council
          Enhance the Council’s reputation for environmental responsibility
          Make a contribution to the Council’s sustainable development objectives
          Improve the strategic positioning of the Council to play its part in tackling climate
          change

2.4   Five other Scottish councils (Aberdeenshire, Perth and Kinross, Orkney, East Ayrshire
      and North Ayrshire) and 29 English authorities also took part in the 2006 LACMP. All
      Scottish councils have now either gone through the programme or are planning to do
      so.
2.5   The Carbon Trust’s carbon management matrix has been used to establish the status
      of carbon management within South Lanarkshire Council at the baseline year 2005/06.
      This matrix will also be applied to state the Council’s aspirational position for carbon
      management for 2010/11. Headlines for each area of management are shown in the
      table below. This monitoring will assist in demonstrating continual improvement in
      carbon management within the Council. A copy of the complete carbon management
      matrix can be found in appendix E.

      Figure 2.5     Extract from the carbon management matrix illustrating 2005/06
                     position and 2010/11 aspirational target

      Management           2005/06                      2010/11 aspiration
      area                 level attained
      Policy               Climate change as an         Specific climate change policy with targets
                           aspiration in non-policy     signed off and implemented
                           documents (Level 2)*         + Action plan with clear goals and regular
                                                        reviews to confirm actions undertaken and
                                                        targets achieved/being progressed (Level 5)
      Organisation         No individual with           Climate change/carbon management is a
                           responsibility for climate   full-time responsibility of an individual
                           change issues (Level 1)      + Climate change responsibilities integrated
                                                        into responsibilities of senior managers in
                                                        different departments
                                                        + Political support from the highest level in
                                                        the council. (Level 5)
      Information and      CO2 emissions data           CO2 emissions compiled for all main LA
      Data                 compiled for some            sources for a baseline year and regular
                           sources for a baseline       collation of annual emissions data
                           year (e.g. buildings and     + Data externally verified
                           street lighting) and
                                                        (Level 5)
                           source data available
                           for other sources (e.g.
                           transport) (Level 3)
      Communication        Communication and            Formalised communication and training
      and Training         training to specific         plan for all employees on carbon and
                           groups in the Council        energy related matters, including
                           (e.g. energy team) on        integration in induction and other normal
                           carbon or energy related     training processes
                           matters                      + Communication on carbon and energy
                           (Level 2)                    related matters with the community and
                                                        other key business partners
                                                        (Level 5)
 Management            2005/06                      2010/11 aspiration
 area                  level attained
 Finance               Some internal financing      Well defined and effective internal
                       on an ad hoc basis for       financing mechanisms for carbon/energy
                       carbon and/or energy         saving projects
                       efficiency related           + Extensive use of external finance sources
                       projects                     as appropriate
                       + Limited internal           + Good internal resources for management/
                       resources for                coordination tasks
                       management/
                                                    (Level 5)
                       coordination tasks
                       (Level 2)
 Monitoring and        Ad hoc reviews of specific   Regular reviews by core team on progress
 Evaluation            aspects of carbon/energy     with carbon management (e.g. review of
                       policies/strategies,         actions, check against emissions profile and
                       targets and action plans     targets, addition of new opportunities etc.)
                       (Level 2)                    (Level 4)

* (5 = Optimal score, 1 = Lowest score).
3     Our baseline
3.1   This section of the plan details our CO2 emissions, information on the purchase of
      green energy, how emissions have changed over time and the projection for future
      emissions. It also considers equivalent emission sources, such as methane. A Carbon
      Trust methodology has been used to enable emissions of methane, generated from
      waste, to be expressed as an equivalent amount of CO2.


What the emissions include
3.2   The following sources of emissions are included in this plan:
          Council buildings - electricity, gas and oil consumption, for heating, lighting, IT
          equipment etc.
          Domestic waste – waste collected and disposed of at land fill sites
          Street lighting – electricity consumption for road signs, car parks etc.
          Fleet vehicles - diesel and petrol consumption
          Employee business travel


Emissions excluded from scope
3.3   Not all emission sources can be included at this time due to lack of suitable data. These
      are water consumption, waste arisings from Council offices and Council facilities,
      employee commuting, contracted vehicles for specified journeys, such as school buses.
      However, future carbon management plans will seek to collate this data for inclusion
      within the Council’s carbon baseline. Currently proposals on office waste, water
      reduction and sustainable travel planning will be taken forward separately through the
      Council’s Sustainable Development Strategy.
What are our emissions
3.4   The main sources of Council greenhouse gas emissions have been quantified for the
      chosen baseline year 1 April 2005 to 31 March 2006 and are shown in the table below.

      Figure 3.4        CO2 emissions by source and associated costs in 2005-06 baseline year

       Source                                                         Emissions         Cost £m
                                                                   (tonnes CO2)
       Electricity use in buildings (100% green energy)                28,073 (0*)              4.5
       Electricity for street lighting (40% green energy)          10,413 (6,248*)              1.3
       Fossil fuels in buildings (gas and oil)                             30,681               3.2
       Employee business travel                                             1,641               2.8
       Fleet vehicles                                                      10,263               3.6
       Domestic waste sent to landfill                                    61,319**                  -
       Total                                                  142,394 (110,153*)             15.4
       * Emissions shown if the purchase of energy from renewable sources was taken into account,
       i.e. green electricity
       **Emissions of greenhouse gas methane expressed as equivalent tonnage CO2


‘Green’ electricity
3.5   The total of 142,394 tonnes of CO2 for the baseline year does not take account of energy
      purchased from renewable sources. During the baseline year of 2005/06 the two green
      energy contracts for buildings and streetlights, if taken into account, would have
      reduced the total emissions by 28,073 tCO2 and 4,165 tCO2 respectively, taking potential
      emissions to approximately 110,153 tCO2, i.e. 23% lower.

3.6   There is considerable debate about the validity of discounting emissions for green
      electricity for the purposes of carbon management. A national verification system is
      in place to ensure that all green electricity sold is matched by an equivalent amount
      of renewable generation. As green energy generation capacity in the UK is small
      relative to other types of generation, and because the power companies have certain
      obligations to supply minimum percentages of green energy, any reductions in the
      Council’s consumption would still ultimately lead to reductions in carbon emissions.
3.7   It should also be noted that electricity generation produces over twice the amount
      of CO2 per watt supplied and costs much more than gas. It is therefore important to
      reduce our reliance on electricity and encourage electricity optimisation whenever
      possible. Baseline figures for each successive year of the plan will therefore consider
      the total amount of energy used excluding any impact of green supply.

3.8   In 2007/08 100% of the electricity supply for buildings and 50% for street lighting was
      sourced from renewable sources. The availability and cost of green electricity on the
      energy market is beyond the control of the Council. During 2008/09 the procurement
      of green electricity for buildings reduced to approximately 48% of the total electricity
      consumed while the supply for street lighting remains at 50%.


How have the emissions changed?
3.9   Between the baseline year of 2005/06 and 2006/07 overall carbon emissions reduced by
      2.6% as shown in the graph and table below. The majority of this saving was achieved
      through a reduction of 9% in oil use within buildings. The data provided within this
      document has been corrected to take into account differences in weather conditions,
      sometimes referred to as degree day variation.

      Figure 3.9    Total carbon emission comparison 2005-06 to 2006-07


               70000

               60000

               50000                                                          Buildings
      Carbon
      tonnes   40000                                                          Waste

               30000                                                          Business travel

               20000                                                          Fleet vehicles
                                                                              Street lights
               10000

                   0
                              2005-06                  2006-07
       Carbon source               2005/06 Tonnes 2006/07 Tonnes % change 2005/06
                                        of Carbon      of Carbon       to 2006/07
       Building electricity                   28,073              27,273                   -3%
       (excluding the impact of
       green energy supply)
       Buildings (Fossil Fuel)                30,681              29,044                   -6%
       Fleet                                 10,264.1            10,143.2                  -1%
       Business travel                        1,643.3             1,746.9                   6%
       Streetlights (excluding               10,413.0            10,534.0                   1%
       the impact of green
       energy supply)
       Waste to landfill                     6,1319.9            60015.1                   -2%
       Totals                               142,394             138,756                 -2.62%


Emissions forecast
3.10   Forecasts of emissions for each carbon source are difficult to predict with a high degree
       of accuracy. Comments below discuss the projection for each carbon source.
           Building electricity use – Although the refurbishment of buildings and the
           Council’s schools modernisation programme will lead to more energy efficient
           equipment being used (e.g. light bulbs being replaced with energy efficient
           fittings) the amount of equipment, such as IT, air conditioning, and additional
           lighting, as well as the potential for increasing the size of the buildings and
           extended opening hours, are likely to lead to increased energy consumption and
           associated carbon emissions.
           Building gas and oil use – This source of emissions will be heavily influenced by the
           age of the building stock. As more modern buildings are completed with better
           insulating properties, emissions from this source should decrease.
           Fleet – Additional procurement of more fuel efficient vehicles, and fleet
           restructuring should lead to a reduction of carbon from this source provided
           demand for additional vehicles does not increase.
           Business travel – Growth in this source between 2005/06 and 2006/07 was 6%.
           However, the introduction of the employee travel plan which will include actions
           related to business travel should reduce emissions from this source.
           Streetlights – The construction of additional housing and the demand for more
           outdoor lighting, to aid community safety or for aesthetic purposes, is likely to
           lead to an overall increase in carbon emissions. However, through
           specification of energy efficient lamps types, and through
           refurbishment of existing lighting, it is forecast that the
           rate of increase will be low.
           Wastes to landfill – Emissions from this source
           are likely to reduce over time due to the
           impact of Government targets for
           maximum tonnage of waste to landfill
           and increased recycling rates.
4     Emission areas in detail
4.1   This section of the Carbon Management Plan explains in detail the contribution of
      each CO2 emissions source, the current baseline from which future emissions will be
      compared, current actions against each to reduce carbon, and the future options for
      carbon reduction projects. The sources of the Council’s greenhouse gas emissions
      have been quantified for the chosen baseline year 1 April 2005 to 31 March 2006.
      Further details of carbon reduction projects can be found in appendix A. Some of
      the projects listed are at an early stage and will be subject to review by the Carbon
      Management Group.


Council buildings - electricity, gas and oil consumption
4.2   Current position
      Council buildings account for 41.5% of the Council’s overall carbon baseline (with
      green energy excluded) making this the second largest source of emissions. South
      Lanarkshire has an extensive property portfolio of 1,287 sites comprising 1,600 separate
      buildings including schools and other educational establishments, libraries, corporate
      and local offices, community halls, museums and arts facilities. Leisure centres and
      swimming pools, owned by the Council but operated by South Lanarkshire Leisure Ltd
      are included in the scope of the plan. Data for energy consumption in Council buildings
      have been obtained from energy accounts for metered supplies and oil invoices.

4.3   Energy consumption in Council buildings is influenced by a wide range of factors
      including:
          Age and size
          Fuel types used (in order of carbon efficiency: gas, oil and electricity)
          Internal building systems (e.g. ventilation, heating, IT networks etc.)
          Opening hours
          Existing energy efficiency measures in place including the actions and energy
          awareness of employees, including energy awareness campaigns
          External temperature, sometimes referred to as degree day variation, (in particular
          extremes of heat and cold)
          Effective operation of building systems
      The CO2 emissions of buildings by Council Resource are shown below.

      Figure 4.4    2005/06 CO2 Emissions from SLC Buildings by Resource

              14%
                         7%
        >1%                                         Community Resources
        4%                                          Education Resources
      4%
                                                    Corporate Resources
      >1%
                                                    Enterprise Resources
       6%
                                                    Housing and Technical Resources
                                                    Social Work Resources

                               65%                  Finance and IT Resources
                                                    South Lanarkshire Leisure




4.4   School energy consumption
      The use of energy in schools accounts for 65% of the overall carbon emissions from
      buildings. The Schools Investment Programme is therefore an important focus for
      carbon management.

4.5   Secondary schools
      All but two secondary schools in South Lanarkshire are currently being replaced
      through a private public partnership arrangement, the Council’s largest ever
      investment programme. Of the 21 original schools, 17 will be newly built, two will be
      fully refurbished and 2 are to be merged. It is planned that all new school buildings will
      be completed by August 2009.

4.6   The Inspired group, along with its external partners, will manage and maintain the
      buildings but energy and utilities costs will be met by South Lanarkshire Council.
      The Council has retained risks associated with the future cost of energy and carbon
      emissions generated from the operation of these buildings. A benchmarking
      arrangement is being used to share the risks associated with energy consumption.
4.7    New schools are being ‘right sized’ to reflect current and forecast school rolls.
       Facilities are being replaced where previously available within schools, and additional
       community and school use facilities in Lesmahagow, Uddingston and Lanark (where
       existing community leisure provision was considered inadequate) is being provided.
       The schools are being built with much higher standards of energy efficiency but they
       will have more complex building systems and contain more electrical equipment than
       before (such as CCTV, additional IT equipment and air conditioning in some areas).
       Some of the new schools may also be required to operate over a longer period each
       day and have larger floor areas due to the increase in community use of these facilities.
       There is therefore a combination of factors acting in different directions on energy use
       and the net effect of these on carbon emissions is difficult to predict at this point. The
       situation will be closely monitored.

4.8    Primary schools
       The Council has also begun a 15 year programme to replace all of its 124 primary
       schools, many of which were built in the 1960’s and consequently have poor energy
       performance by modern standards. Schools are being procured through a design and
       build partnership arrangement paid for through the Council’s general services capital
       programme. By May 2008, 22 schools had been replaced with the remaining schools on
       a programme through to 2017.

4.9    Some of the new schools are larger as they include accommodation for additional
       services for children. The Council has also taken a decision to re-provide local
       community halls in new primary schools in some locations. This has enabled older
       inefficient buildings to be replaced. So far three halls have been re-provisioned in
       this way: Harelesshill Hall, Cathkin Community Hall and Carluke Welfare Hall. Other
       buildings are likely to be considered over the remainder of the programme.

4.10   The new primary school designs are required to meet much higher energy efficiency
       standards. A study has been carried on the Council’s behalf by the Building Research
       Establishment, (BRE), to compare the relative performance of two different design
       types in phase one of the school modernisation programme in order to learn lessons
       that can be applied to future designs. Due to the complex interaction of different
       factors involved, it is very difficult to predict the net effect on energy consumption.
       The BRE report recommended that South Lanarkshire Council continue to benchmark
       the energy consumption of its schools to monitor performance and encourage energy
       reduction, and to develop benchmarks specifically for the new build schools.
4.11   Forecast
       Emissions from buildings (excluding the effect of green energy reductions achieved)
       have remained relatively constant over the last three years. Emissions were estimated
       to be 52,469 tonnes CO2 in 2002/03 increasing to 53,143 tonnes by 2004/05 before
       rising again to 58,754 in the baseline year 2005/06, (28,673 tonnes of the baseline year
       total are associated with the supply of green energy purchased from April 2005/06
       onwards). This indicates that energy efficiency measures undertaken during that time
       (e.g. through the Council’s central energy efficiency fund) have been balanced by
       increased consumption of around the same amount.

4.12   Current projects
       In addition to the analysis of school energy efficiencies, plans are in place to reduce
       energy use by remotely controlling the operation of computers and printers. Energy
       reduction initiatives are also planned for other areas of the Council’s building stock.
       For example a multi-site energy efficiency assessment, funded by the Carbon Trust, was
       carried out on four large cultural services buildings (Rutherglen Town Hall, Hamilton
       Town House, Chatelherault and Calderglen). Recommendations made are being
       followed through and additional energy management and awareness measures are
       being implemented by the service across all Cultural Services properties supported by
       the UK Quality Scheme for Sport and Leisure, QUEST.

4.13   Future options to be considered
       Through participation in the LACMP it has been recognised that the Council’s
       capacity for undertaking energy efficiency investment programmes required to
       be strengthened. This is now being pursued and will help accelerate the rate at
       which investment can take place. Further funding to stimulate energy efficiency
       measures will be explored through activities of the Carbon Management Group. Also
       relevant to energy consumption of buildings is new planning guidance relating to
       energy consumption for new developments, such as Scottish Planning Policy (SPP)
       6: Renewable Energy, which will ensure that renewable energy technologies are
       incorporated into buildings over a certain size, and will assist in reducing energy
       use within future buildings. As well as assisting in the Council’s carbon reduction
       objectives, there is a strong financial business case for increasing investment in energy
       efficiency measures across its property portfolio. The Council may also wish in future
       to follow several other councils and government departments by setting standards
       for all new and refurbished buildings. BREEAM ratings (those of the Building Research
       Establishment’s Environmental Assessment Method) include credits for energy
       efficiency beyond minimum levels set by national building standards.

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                                                                           S*****                        Off!
                                                                            Lights                                Monitors

                                                                              PC’s                                TV’s
                                                                                 Printers                 Chargers
                                                                                      Air conditioning and fans
                                                                                            Photocopiers
Domestic waste – waste collected and sent to land fill sites
4.14   Current position
       Land filled domestic waste is included within the Carbon Management Plan as it
       produces significant quantities of methane gas which is 23 times more potent as a
       greenhouse gas than carbon dioxide1. In the baseline year, 2005/06, domestic waste
       accounted for 55.3% of the Council’s total carbon emissions with 60,439 tonnes of
       CO2 (equivalent, according to conversion factors provided by the Carbon Trust). The
       calculation attributes emissions from waste in a land fill site (in reality arising over 50
       years or more) to a single year. It also assumes that a proportion of methane produced
       is captured and either flared or used to generate power. This is therefore not a precise
       figure but serves as an indication of the long-term impact of waste on greenhouse gas
       emissions and can be tracked over the period of the plan.

4.15   Forecast
       The Council can influence these emissions by diverting a greater proportion of
       domestic waste from land fill through recycling. Significant progress over recent
       years has been made to encourage recycling throughout south Lanarkshire. Separate
       recycling and residual waste bins were introduced in 2003/04 and the percentage of
       waste recycled has increased from 6.6% in 2000/01 to 33.28% in the LACMP baseline
       year 2005/06, well above the national average of 25%. The most recent statutory
       performance figure for recycling in South Lanarkshire is 36.9% (2007/08) and further
       increases are envisaged.

4.16   The reduction in emissions that can be achieved is also influenced by the actions
       of individual householders. In common with most authorities South Lanarkshire
       continues to experience an annual increase in total domestic waste tonnage. There
       are a variety of reasons including an increase in the total number of households,
       changing patterns of consumption of food and household goods, and increased use
       of packaging. The average rate of growth in waste collected from South Lanarkshire
       households is around 1.5% per year, although in 2007/08 the figure fell slightly for the
       first time in many years. If further progress on recycling is not made, greenhouse gas
       emissions from domestic waste can be assumed to increase at an equivalent rate. In a
       bid to reverse this trend and encourage greater recycling, the government announced
       an increase in land fill tax of £8 per tonne each year from April 2008 until at least 2012.
       On present estimates the additional annual cost to South Lanarkshire Council is likely to
       be around £2.5m by 2012.




                                        1
                                            This factor is based on the ability of different greenhouse gases to
                                            trap heat in the atmosphere, relative to CO2, and is called the Global
                                              warming potential (GWP). GWP also take into account the decay rate
                                                of each gas (the amount removed from the atmosphere over a
                                                  given number of years) relative to that of CO2
4.17   Current projects
       South Lanarkshire is now one of the top performing councils for recycling in Scotland
       and a further increase will be achieved as a result of remaining traditional collection
       routes going onto alternate recycling collections. Neighbourhood recycling facilities
       for properties which are not suitable for normal wheeled bin services are also being
       piloted. National government targets are to achieve a recycling rate of 40% by 2010.
       The current forecast of waste sent to landfill within South Lanarkshire at 2010 would
       meet this target and result in a reduction in carbon emissions of 3,574 tonnes over 5
       years compared to the baseline year. The estimated reductions are set out in the table
       below:

       Year       Actual       Actual      Actual       Associated     Annual        Difference      Change
                  (A)/         (A)/        (A)/         CO2            change        CO2             in CO2
                  Estimated    Estimated   permitted    emissions      in waste      compared        emissions
                  (E)          (E)/        (P)          for landfill   to landfill   to baseline     compared
                  Total        minimum     maximum      waste          compared      year            to
                  waste        permitted   sent to      (tonnes)       to            (tonnes)        baseline
                  (tonnes)     (P)         landfill                    previous      (dependant      year (%)
                               recycling   (tonnes)                    year          on quantity
                               rate (%)                                (tonnes)      of landfill )
       2005/06
       Baseline
       year
                   206,473 A      32% A     137,181 A        61,320           n/a             n/a          n/a
       2006/07     209,857 A      35% A     134,262 A        60,015         -2,919          -1,305         2%
       2007/08     204,328 A      37% A     128,912 A        57,624         -5,350          -3,696        -6%
       2008/09     216,200 E       38% E    128,361 P        57,377           -551          -3,943        -6%
       2009/10     219,442 E       39% E    123,547 P        55,226         -4,814          -6,094       -10%
       2010/11     222,273 E      40% P     129,186 P        57,746          5,639          -3,574        -6%



4.18   This data shows that the benefit of reductions in CO2 emissions, associated with the
       increased percentage of waste recycled, is eventually offset by an expected continued
       increase in total waste generated by households. By 2010/11, the CO2 emissions start to
       increase compared to the previous year.

4.19   Future options to be considered
       In light of the Scottish Government’s withdrawal of funding for a Lanarkshire Waste
       Treatment Plant, and its new Zero Waste Policy, the Council’s waste policy is now under
       review. The management of waste is a major strategic issue which has the potential to
       heavily impact on greenhouse gas emissions. In order to achieve
       long-term reductions in emissions, efforts to increase recycling
       need to be complemented by action on waste prevention
       and treatment.
Fleet vehicles - diesel and petrol consumption
4.20   Current position
       CO2 emissions from the Council’s vehicle fleet, based on petrol and diesel use, rose by
       6.6% between 2004/05 and 2005/06 when the figure was estimated to be 10,264 tonnes.
       Community Resources uses a range of vehicles for its operations which include refuse
       collection, street cleansing, grounds maintenance and bereavement services. Housing
       and Technical Resources require a large vehicle fleet for their extensive property
       maintenance function and to support their housing management functions. Social
       Work Resources also use vehicles in the provision of care services in the community.

4.21   Forecast
       Between 2005/06 and 2006/07 carbon emissions associated with fleet operations
       decreased by 1% to 10,143 tonnes. In 2007/08 current forecasts are for a 0.9%
       reduction on the previous year, based on a reduction of total fuel consumed.

4.22   Current projects
       Land and Fleet Services intend to review routing and operation of vehicles in order
       to achieve a reduction in fuel consumption. The fuel efficiency of vehicles will be
       considered as a key factor in vehicle replacement.

4.23   From September 2007 all Council depots and sites which have on-site fuel tanks were
       using 5% bio-diesel mix for fleet vehicles reducing CO2 emissions. However there
       remain concerns about the global sustainability and the socio-economic impacts of
       bio-fuels, for example increased demand for land to grow bio-fuel crops has led to rain
       forest clearance and habitat loss in tropical regions potentially causing a net increase
       in global CO2 levels. It has also been reported that a change over from food to bio-crop
       production is partly responsible for increased global grain prices which has a severe
       impact on developing countries. It will therefore be necessary to ensure that bio-fuels
       are obtained from sustainable sources. The current 5% target for bio-diesel use in
       the fleet vehicles is unlikely to increase in the foreseeable future due to concerns of
       reduced engine performance.

4.24   In April 2008 the UK government introduced the Renewable Transport Fuels Obligation
       which will mean at least 2.5% of every litre of fuel sold at garage forecourts will be
       bio-fuel. This change in fuel mix will reduce the carbon emissions associated with
       the carbon baseline for 2008/09 onwards from fleet vehicles using forecourt fuel and
         for employee business travel. The EU has signalled its intention to require 5% of all
                   forecourt fuels to be from plant based sources by 2015.
4.25   Future options to be considered
       Additional fuel reduction projects, detailed within the priority actions in Appendix A,
       include speed restriction projects for heavy goods vehicles and larger buses to 50mph,
       the early procurement of energy efficient Euro 5 category engines (not mandatory
       until 2009), improvement of fleet efficiencies within Resources, additional use of
       route planning IT systems and the procurement of electric vehicles, to be trialled
       as an alternative to the normal petrol or liquid petroleum gas vehicle replacement
       programme.


Street and outdoor lighting
4.26   Current position
       In the baseline year 2005/06 street lighting accounted for 7.3% of the Council’s overall
       carbon emissions. The associated carbon emissions were 10,414 tonnes CO2.

4.27   Many of the Council’s 54,000 lighting columns and associated light fittings have
       reached the end of their useful life and are in poor condition. The Council is investing
       £1.3m per annum over a 10 year period in a programme of upgrading and renewal.
       Despite the gradual installation of more efficient units, energy consumption has been
       increasing in recent years.

4.28   Forecast
       Energy consumption is projected to increase over the period of the plan for a range of
       reasons;
           New housing developments lead to extended road areas which will require to be
           lit
           Previously unlit areas now identified as being desirable to light
           Improvements to bring old lighting to the higher levels of illumination expected
           today
           There is a demand for aesthetic lighting of memorials, bridges and other
           significant structures.

4.29   The average annual rise in electricity consumption for street lighting between April
       2004 and November 2006 was just over 3%. This was exceptional. An annual increase
       of between 1.5% and 2% can be expected over the next ten years. Between the
       baseline year of 2005/06 and the following year there was a 1.2% increase in carbon
       emissions. Overall, it has been concluded that a reduction in electricity
       consumption from street lighting is unlikely to be achieved in
       the current circumstances.
4.30   Current projects
       The Council is attempting to mitigate the impact of new developments where possible,
       for example by using off grid solar panels to power the new 30mph warning signs.
       The Council is introducing these at the approaches to all communities in the Council
       area. Currently, lighting at a number of locations is turned off at midnight, although in
       general street lights remain on from dusk to dawn throughout the whole year.

4.31   Future options to be considered
       Reductions could be achieved by switching off more street lighting at midnight.
       However, a political consensus would have to be developed for such a change which
       could be unpopular with the public.

4.32   Technologically sophisticated and lower-energy light sources may be installed as they
       become cost effective and this will gradually reduce power consumption by up to 10%.
       However, this reduction will not be realised for many years.


Employee business travel
4.33   Current position
       In 2004/05 employees travelled a total of 5,812,400 miles during the course of their
       work. This figure had increased by around 2% to 5,928,600 miles during 2005/06
       generating baseline emissions of 1,643 tonnes CO2. In 2006/07 emissions increased
       from this source by 6% to 1,746 tonnes of CO2. Although mileage claimed is known
       accurately, the engine sizes of vehicles are no longer recorded so the emissions figure
       has had to be estimated from an employee survey of car types. Several years ago
       the Council standardised mileage rates for all vehicles to avoid giving incentives for
       employees to use larger (and therefore higher emitting) vehicles. The majority of
       the increase in mileage between 2005/06 and 2006/07 was generated by Education
       Resources, and is a consequence of the temporary relocation of school employees
       as part of the schools modernisation programme. Future fluctuations in employee
       business mileage will be tracked through the Carbon Management Group.

4.34   Forecast
       The 2008 employee travel survey will provide up to date detailed information on the
       travel patterns of employees. Before this data is available it is difficult to forecast trends
       for future business travel.
4.35   Current projects
       During early 2008, an employee travel survey was carried out across all Resources in
       South Lanarkshire Council. The results of this survey will improve understanding of the
       most commonly used business travel routes and the modes of transport used between
       them.

4.36   Future options to be considered
       The following projects are being tracked by the Carbon Management Group:
           Resource targets for reducing mileage
           Further promotion of more fuel efficient leased cars
           Enhanced cycle allowance scheme and use of bicycles
           Public transport season tickets in place of mileage allowances
           Extending the use of pool cars
5     Delivery of the plan
5.1   Within this section, the responsibilities and delivery methods for the implementation
      of this plan are provided. The reporting, reviewing and communication processes are
      also detailed.


Governance
5.2   The Executive Director of Community Resources holds the lead responsibility for
      sustainable development in the Council and is also accountable for the implementation
      of the carbon management plan. The Executive Director of Housing and Technical
      Resources will support this responsibility and will remain accountable for all technical
      aspects of energy efficiency in buildings. Both will retain their respective roles as
      sponsors of the carbon management plan.

5.3   Carbon management is seen as one of the key pillars in the Council’s approach to
      meeting its requirement to mainstream sustainable development as set out in the Local
      Government (Scotland) Act 2003 and subsequent guidance. Carbon management will
      therefore be progressed through a sub-group accountable to the Council’s sustainable
      development coordination group and will report through this structure. This group
      will have ownership of the strategic implementation plan. The group will be led by
      Development Officer (Carbon Management) within Community Resources.

5.4   The Carbon Management Group will consist of key employees from across the Council
      encompassing responsibility for energy management, employee travel planning,
      waste management, finance, and street lighting. The role of the group will be to assist
      with continued development of the Council’s Carbon Management Programme,
      ongoing monitoring of Council emissions and the development of projects to reduce
      greenhouse gas emissions. The group will provide policy recommendations and
      information on issues that will affect the carbon baseline, as well as reporting on
      progress to the Sustainable Development Co-ordination Group, which in turn will
      report to the Sustainable Development Officer/Member Group and the Council’s
      Executive Committee. The key activities of the group include;
          Review and update of the implementation plan on an annual basis
          Developing and implementing opportunities for emissions reductions
           Monitoring and reporting progress against plan targets and baseline emissions
           Internal and external communication of carbon management activities
           Reviewing and updating the project risk register


Delivery
5.5   Responsibility for specific projects will be allocated to different group members.
      The maintenance of baseline emissions data is vital to the functioning of the overall
      programme. This function will continue to be carried out by Housing and Technical
      Resources with the Development Officer (Carbon Management) allocated specific
      responsibility for improving data collection systems in liaison with other Council
      resources.

5.6   The key role in carbon management programmes played by employees was
      highlighted at the outset of the LACMP. The Carbon Management Group was advised
      by the Energy Savings Trust that simple actions by individuals, e.g. turning off lights,
      PC’s and other electrical equipment when not required, enables most organisations to
      reduce electricity consumption by between 5% and 8% if supported by energy saving
      campaigns. In an organisation as large and diverse as South Lanarkshire Council,
      savings may be harder to achieve and take longer to implement. It is recognised
      however that there is a need to develop a specific work programme on employee
      energy awareness and communications. This will be coordinated by the Development
      Officer (Carbon Management) through the Carbon Management Group.


Reporting
5.7   Reporting of progress will be aligned with existing Council-wide performance
      management structures. Regular performance reports for high level actions by
      Resource Executive Directors are presented to the Chief Executive on a quarterly basis
      and to committee twice yearly which will include a report on the implementation of the
      Carbon Management Plan.

      The Carbon Management Group will be the implementation and monitoring body
      for the plan, reporting through the Sustainable development group ultimately to the
      corporate management team and Council Executive Committee.
Review and monitoring
5.8    Quantification of carbon and/or financial savings arising from carbon management is
       seen as key to the success of the programme in a number of ways, for example:
           To evaluate the effectiveness of specific projects
           To justify ongoing investment in carbon reduction measures
           To maintain interest and ‘buy in’ among stakeholders
           To maintain awareness over the course of the programme
           To provide information for performance reporting
           To evidence Council actions taken to meet its key commitments on mitigation
           under Scotland’s Climate Change Declaration (appendix B)

5.9    The Carbon Management Group will carry out this function. Responsibility for specific
       projects will be allocated to different group members. The maintenance of baseline
       emissions data is vital to the functioning of the overall programme. The Development
       Officer (Carbon Management) has responsibility to liaise with and advise Council
       Resources on the management of their greenhouse gas emissions co-ordinate the
       emissions baseline using the Carbon Trust’s methodology.


Communications and stakeholder management
5.10   There are a range of stakeholders who will require information on the carbon
       management plan projects. Methods of communication and obtaining feedback with
       these stakeholders are shown below. This will assist the Carbon Management Group
       achieve cultural change throughout the Council in order to help embed knowledge on
       the Carbon Management Plan, its overall objectives and should ensure more successful
       outcomes for the projects proposed. Details of the stakeholders and methods of
       communications with them are detailed in appendix C.


Risk management
5.11   Carbon management, like any organisational change process, involves the
       management of risk. The carbon management group will review risks and control
       measures on a quarterly basis and the Development Officer (Carbon Management) will
           be responsible for maintaining a register. The principal risks anticipated at this
                   time are shown in appendix D.
6       Conclusions
The development of this plan and the carbon reductions projects it advocates, demonstrates
the commitment of the Council to meet the target reduction of 5% in emissions by 2011 against
the baseline year of 2005/06. The achievement of this target, and to go further if possible,
will involve the need to challenge decisions surrounding the Council’s energy use across all
Resources, and will require long-term commitment, awareness and action among Council
employees.


In the longer term, the Council’s next Sustainable Development Strategy in 2011 will include
an action to understand how the Council could achieve a 60% reduction in greenhouse gas
emissions by 2050. This action will be of increasing environmental, financial and political
importance. Indeed, the Scottish Government recently consulted local government and the
general public on its proposed target of an 80% reduction of CO2 emissions by 2050 through its
Climate Change Bill. The trajectory of the Council’s future CO2 reductions will be influenced in
a number of ways by this national target and by initiatives which are developed nationally to
achieve the proposed reductions in emissions.


There is no doubt that carbon management is an essential aspect of planning for a low carbon
future. Building our capacity to effectively manage and reduce our carbon emissions within
the Council will be increasingly important as global energy prices increase and restrictions on
carbon emissions come into force.
Appendix A Carbon reduction projects
Here the carbon reduction projects by Resource are show by emissions source. These projects
will be updated and amended over time as new carbon reduction opportunities become
apparent. A comprehensive and current carbon reduction tracker document, detailing
cost and carbon savings associated with each project, will be managed through the carbon
management group. Where currently available, the anticipated annual CO2 tonnes and
revenue cost savings, (based on 2007/08 average utilities costs), have been provided within the
table below. Comments have been provided against those projects awaiting financial and/or
technical approval.


Links to the Council’s 2007 Sustainable Development Strategy objectives and actions to which
the Carbon Management Plan contributed are shown. Where appropriate, the sustainable
development actions have been grouped where they will be delivered by a range of the carbon
management actions.


In some cases the supporting actions of the Carbon Management Plan will not directly deliver
carbon reductions, however, they will enable carbon to be saved in the longer term, i.e. either
through undertaking feasibility studies or changing strategies or policies.
Emissions     Buildings – (including schools, South Lanarkshire Leisure, ICT, gas, heating oil)
source
Sustainable   Objective one: To improve effective use of our buildings and transport in order to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
development   “We will become a low carbon council”
objectives
              Objective three: To develop responsible procurement practices.
              “We will take account of the social and environmental impacts of what we buy”
Carbon        Relevant        Project description                Owner -       Anticipated   Anticipated   Forecast year of project
reduction     sustainable                                        Council       annual CO2    annual cost   delivery
reference     development                                        Resource      saving        saving        2007/ 2008/ 2009/ 2010/
              action                                                           (tonnes)      (£) where     08    09    10    11
                                                                               where         available
                                                                               available
Buildings
1             1.1             A 5% energy reduction target       Community     TBC           TBC
                              for Cultural facilities venues -
                              Energy tracking and employee
                              engagement. (Low parks, Calder
                              glen, Chatelherault, Rutherglen
                              Town Hall, Hamilton Town
                              house, EK Arts centre)
2             1.1             Headquarters - lamp review for     Housing and   TBC           TBC
                              common areas                       Technical

                              Awaiting technical and financial
                              approval
3             1.1, 1.5        A 2% reduction based on gas        Corporate     TBC           TBC
                              and electricity use Corporate
                              buildings
Emissions       Buildings – (including schools, South Lanarkshire Leisure, ICT, gas, heating oil)
source
Sustainable     Objective one: To improve effective use of our buildings and transport in order to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
development     “We will become a low carbon council”
objectives
                Objective three: To develop responsible procurement practices.
                “We will take account of the social and environmental impacts of what we buy”
Carbon          Relevant        Project description                  Owner -       Anticipated   Anticipated   Forecast year of project
reduction       sustainable                                          Council       annual CO2    annual cost   delivery
reference       development                                          Resource      saving        saving        2007/ 2008/ 2009/ 2010/
                action                                                             (tonnes)      (£) where     08    09    10    11
                                                                                   where         available
                                                                                   available
Buildings
4               1.1             Achievement of specific BREEAM       Housing and   TBC           TBC
                                ratings (e.g. ‘Good’ or ‘very        Technical
                                good’) as part of the schools
                                modernisation program and
                                investigate the feasibility of
                                achieving specific ratings in all
                                new Council buildings
5-13            1.1, 1.3        Installation of voltage power        Housing and   785           121,986
                                optimisation equipment at            Technical
                                various locations venues.
                                Awaiting technical and financial
                                approval
14-32           1.1, 1.3        Automatic meter reading              Housing and   TBC           TBC
                                installation at various locations.   Technical
                                Awaiting technical and financial
                                approval
Buildings (Leisure)
33              1.1, 1.3        Combined heat and power plant        Housing and   159           15,900
                                at Hamilton Water Palace             Technical
Emissions       Buildings – (including schools, South Lanarkshire Leisure, ICT, gas, heating oil)
source
Sustainable     Objective one: To improve effective use of our buildings and transport in order to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
development     “We will become a low carbon council”
objectives
                Objective three: To develop responsible procurement practices.
                “We will take account of the social and environmental impacts of what we buy”
Carbon          Relevant        Project description                Owner -       Anticipated   Anticipated   Forecast year of project
reduction       sustainable                                        Council       annual CO2    annual cost   delivery
reference       development                                        Resource      saving        saving        2007/ 2008/ 2009/ 2010/
                action                                                           (tonnes)      (£) where     08    09    10    11
                                                                                 where         available
                                                                                 available
Buildings (Leisure)
34              1.1, 1.3        Coalburn Leisure Centre boiler     Housing and   TBC           TBC
                                replacement                        Technical
                                Awaiting technical and financial
                                approval
35-38           1.1, 1.3        Installation of voltage power      Housing and   231           46,555
                                optimisation equipment at the      Technical
                                various leisure locations.
                                Awaiting technical and financial
                                approval
Building (Schools)
1-4 and 6-9     1.1, 1.3        Installation of voltage power     Housing and    TBC           TBC
                                optimisation equipment at the     Technical/
                                various primary school locations. Leisure
                                Awaiting technical and financial
                                approval
5               1.1, 1.3        AMR meter installation at          Housing and   TBC           TBC
                                nursery schools                    Technical/
                                Awaiting technical and financial   Leisure
                                approval
Emissions         Buildings – (including schools, South Lanarkshire Leisure, ICT, gas, heating oil)
source
Sustainable       Objective one: To improve effective use of our buildings and transport in order to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
development       “We will become a low carbon council”
objectives
                  Objective three: To develop responsible procurement practices.
                  “We will take account of the social and environmental impacts of what we buy”
Carbon            Relevant        Project description                   Owner -       Anticipated   Anticipated   Forecast year of project
reduction         sustainable                                           Council       annual CO2    annual cost   delivery
reference         development                                           Resource      saving        saving        2007/ 2008/ 2009/ 2010/
                  action                                                              (tonnes)      (£) where     08    09    10    11
                                                                                      where         available
                                                                                      available
Buildings (ICT)
1                 1.1             Refresh all PCs to flat screen only   Finance and   192           37,883
                                                                        IT
2                 1.1             Refresh all Education PC’s with       Finance and   218           55,522
                                  low carbon emissions                  IT
3                 1.1             PC disposal/recycling                 Finance and   TBC           TBC
                                                                        IT
4-5               1.1             Automatic nightly shut down of Finance and          TBC           TBC
                                  Education and other council PC’s IT
6-8               1.1, 3.1        Printers - Procurement Strategy       Finance and   TBC           TBC
                                  targeting energy reduction,           IT
                                  review of stand-alone facilities
                                  and warm up, power down
                                  settings including the potential
                                  use of timers
9                 1.1             Power settings on control panel       Finance and   TBC           TBC
                                                                        IT
10                1.1             ICT Service Plan - sustainability     Finance and   TBC           TBC
                                  projects                              IT
Emissions         Buildings – (including schools, South Lanarkshire Leisure, ICT, gas, heating oil)
source
Sustainable       Objective one: To improve effective use of our buildings and transport in order to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
development       “We will become a low carbon council”
objectives
                  Objective three: To develop responsible procurement practices.
                  “We will take account of the social and environmental impacts of what we buy”
Carbon            Relevant        Project description               Owner -       Anticipated    Anticipated   Forecast year of project
reduction         sustainable                                       Council       annual CO2     annual cost   delivery
reference         development                                       Resource      saving         saving        2007/ 2008/ 2009/ 2010/
                  action                                                          (tonnes)       (£) where     08    09    10    11
                                                                                  where          available
                                                                                  available
Buildings (ICT)
11                1.1             Remote software upgrades -        Finance and   0.277          362.96
                                  reducing business mileage         IT
12                1.1             Review of Project Management      Finance and   TBC            TBC
                                  Approach Procedures (Project      IT
                                  Mandate etc)
13                1.1             Removal of hard copy fax          Finance and   TBC            TBC
                                  machines                          IT
14                1.1             Caird Data centre Power           Finance and   TBC            TBC
                                  Investigations to establish       IT
                                  energy consumption of
                                  equipment
15                1.1, 3.1        PC Procurement (including the     Finance and   TBC            TBC
                                  target of energy efficiency)      IT
16                1.1             Investigate possibility of        Finance and   TBC            TBC
                                  compiling power outage            IT
                                  statistics for all SLC hardware
                                  items and from
                                  these figures develop Action
                                  Plan to potentially
                                  reduce power usage within SLC
Emissions     Domestic waste
source
Sustainable   Objective two: To ensure efficient use of material resources and to increase recycling of waste and develop more
development   sustainable waste management. “We will reduce our waste”
objective
Carbon        Relevant         Project description             Owner -        Anticipated   Anticipated   Forecast year of project
reduction     sustainable                                      Council        annual CO2    annual cost   delivery
reference     development                                      Resource       saving        saving        2007/   2008/ 2009/ 2010/
              action                                                          (tonnes)      (£) where     08      09    10    11
                                                                              where         available
                                                                              available
1             2.1-2.5, 2.10    Home composting initiative -    Community      12.1          n/a
                               diverting waste from landfill
2             2.1-2.5, 2.10    High rise flats - recycling scheme Community   8.7           n/a
                               - Remade survey - carried out
                               every 3 months
3             2.1-2.5, 2.10    Office recycling schemes -      Community      246.7         n/a
                               calculate tonnes carbon saved
                               from diverting from landfill
4             2.1-2.5, 2.10    2008-9 Central government       Community      236.35        n/a
                               landfill/recycling targets
Emissions     Fleet vehicles
source
Sustainable   Objective one: To improve effective use of our buildings and transport in order to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
development   “We will become a low carbon council”
objective
Carbon        Relevant         Project description                Owner -     Anticipated   Anticipated   Forecast year of project
reduction     sustainable                                         Council     annual CO2    annual cost   delivery
reference     development                                         Resource    saving        saving        2007/ 2008/ 2009/ 2010/
              action                                                          (tonnes)      (£) where     08    09    10    11
                                                                              where         available
                                                                              available
1             1.1, 1.17        Implementation of further fuel     Community   TBC           TBC
                               management controls (Fiscal
                               control, anti theft, anti siphon
                               devices)
2             1.1, 1.17        Improved accuracy and level        Community   TBC           TBC
                               of fuel management reports
                               (Review vehicle mileages, under
                               and over average)
3             1.1, 1.17        Vehicle type change - Transits to Community    10.7          4,058
                               Smart Cars - 16 vehicles
4             1.1, 1.17        Vehicle Type change - Transits to Community    30.3          11,478
                               Fiestas - 40 vehicles
5             1.1, 1.17        Introduce 5% bio fuel mix to       Community   136           0
                               road fuel supply
6             1.1, 1.17        Create Fleet Performance           Community   164           6,397
                               Indicator for Carbon reduction
                               target 08-09
7             1.1, 1.17        Energy Saving Trust - Green        Community   TBC           TBC
                               Fleet Review
Emissions     Fleet vehicles
source
Sustainable   Objective one: To improve effective use of our buildings and transport in order to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
development   “We will become a low carbon council”
objective
Carbon        Relevant         Project description                Owner -     Anticipated   Anticipated   Forecast year of project
reduction     sustainable                                         Council     annual CO2    annual cost   delivery
reference     development                                         Resource    saving        saving        2007/ 2008/ 2009/ 2010/
              action                                                          (tonnes)      (£) where     08    09    10    11
                                                                              where         available
                                                                              available
8             1.1, 1.17        Low / Zero Emission pool vehicle   Community   TBC           TBC
                               provision
9             1.1, 1.17        Review potential for carbon        Community   TBC           TBC
                               reduction within plant and
                               equipment (i.e. tractors, approx
                               a 10th of total fuel use)
10            1.1, 1.17        Route planning and vehicle         Community   TBC           TBC
                               telematics introduction
Emissions      Fleet vehicles
source
Sustainable    Objective one: To improve effective use of our buildings and transport in order to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
development    “We will become a low carbon council”
objective
Carbon         Relevant         Project description                Owner -     Anticipated   Anticipated   Forecast year of project
reduction      sustainable                                         Council     annual CO2    annual cost   delivery
reference      development                                         Resource    saving        saving        2007/ 2008/ 2009/ 2010/
               action                                                          (tonnes)      (£) where     08    09    10    11
                                                                               where         available
                                                                               available
Fleet replacement programme to prioritise carbon management issues
11-15          1.1, 1.17        Fleet review items include;        Community   Included      Included
                                A Downsize - Review where                      in action 6   in action 6
                                over capacity provided and                     above         above
                                insufficient mileage, B. Fleet
                                Sharing Potential - i.e. use of
                                social work buses during middle
                                of day period, C. Fuel economy
                                comparisons - Review preferred
                                suppliers and obtain a scoring
                                mechanism, D.C02 comparison
                                at replacement stage - i.e.
                                justification of change of
                                vehicles if resources requesting
                                larger engines etc, E. Euro 5
                                procurement where possible
                                (currently in place for most
                                vehicles)
Emissions       Fleet vehicles
source
Sustainable     Objective one: To improve effective use of our buildings and transport in order to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
development     “We will become a low carbon council”
objective
Carbon          Relevant         Project description             Owner -       Anticipated   Anticipated   Forecast year of project
reduction       sustainable                                      Council       annual CO2    annual cost   delivery
reference       development                                      Resource      saving        saving        2007/ 2008/ 2009/ 2010/
                action                                                         (tonnes)      (£) where     08    09    10    11
                                                                               where         available
                                                                               available
Passenger Services Carbon Management Action Plan - i.e. Buses fleet
16              1.1, 1.17        Maximise vehicle passenger      Community     TBC           TBC
                                 capacity
17              1.1, 1.17        Development of a fleet efficiency Community   Included      Included
                                 Performance Indicator (i.e. the               in action 6   in action 6
                                 litres used and percentage                    above         above
                                 reduction. - Savings would be
                                 shown in action 6 above)
18              1.1, 1.17        Carbon reduction target 08-09   Community     TBC           TBC
                                 for passenger services
19              1.1, 1.17        Additional Support Needs -      Community     TBC           TBC
                                 taxi contract to encourage
                                 sustainable transport policy
20              1.1, 1.17        Maximise Assisted Support Needs Community     TBC           TBC
                                 taxi contract passenger capacity
21              1.1, 1.17        Driver Education and            Community     TBC           TBC
                                 awareness - bumper sticker
                                 highlighting enforced speed
                                 limits on SLC vehicles
Emissions     Street and outdoor lighting
source
Sustainable   Objective one: To improve effective use of our buildings and transport in order to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
development   “We will become a low carbon council”
objective
Carbon        Relevant       Project description                  Owner -      Anticipated   Anticipated   Forecast year of project
reduction     sustainable                                         Council      annual CO2    annual cost   delivery
reference     development                                         Resource     saving        saving        2007/   2008/ 2009/ 2010/
              action                                                           (tonnes)      (£) where     08      09    10    11
                                                                               where         available
                                                                               available
1             1.1            Minimise energy consumption          Enterprise   TBC           TBC
                             by investigating the feasibility
                             of dimming and de-energising
                             of luminaries on appropriate
                             sections of carriageway and
                             footpaths.
2             1.1            Identify car parks, and other        Enterprise   TBC           TBC
                             areas, where sections of
                             lighting installations can be
                             de-energised before dawn,
                             e.g. Park and Ride car parks
                             after the last train has arrived /
                             departed.
3             1.1            Investigate the specification and Enterprise      TBC           TBC
                             use of dimmable equipment in
                             new housing developments.
4             1.1            Investigate new technology           Enterprise   TBC           TBC
                             and control mechanisms to
                             enable the reduction of energy
                             consumption in festive lighting
                             installations.
Emissions     Employee travel
source
Sustainable   Objective one: To improve effective use of our buildings and transport in order to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
development   “We will become a low carbon council”
objective
Carbon        Relevant          Project description           Owner -         Anticipated   Anticipated   Forecast year of project
reduction     sustainable                                     Council         annual CO2    annual cost   delivery
reference     development                                     Resource        saving        saving        2007   2008/ 2009/ 2010/
              action                                                          (tonnes)      (£) where     /08    09    10    11
                                                                              where         available
                                                                              available
1             1.1, 1.12-1.16,   Undertake employee travel     Corporate       TBC           TBC
              1.19              survey
2             1.1, 1.12-1.16,   Council bus scheme            Corporate       TBC           TBC
              1.19
3             1.1, 1.12-1.16,   Bus travel salary sacrifice   Corporate       TBC           TBC
              1.19
4             1.1, 1.12-1.16,   Lift share                    Corporate       TBC           TBC
              1.19
5             1.1, 1.12-1.16,   Car share scheme              Corporate       TBC           TBC
              1.19
6             1.1, 1.12-1.16,   Cycle to work                 Corporate       TBC           TBC
              1.19
7             1.1, 1.12-1.16,   Cycle allowance scheme        Corporate       TBC           TBC
              1.19
8             1.1, 1.12-1.16,   Workplace transfer scheme     Corporate       TBC           TBC
              1.19
9             1.1, 1.12-1.16,   Travel buddy scheme           Corporate       TBC           TBC
              1.19
10            1.1, 1.12-1.16,   Employee travel plan          Corporate       TBC           TBC
              1.19
11            1.1, 1.12-1.16,   Communications plan           Corporate       TBC           TBC
              1.19
12            1.1, 1.12-1.16,   Funding applications to SPT   Corporate and   TBC           TBC
              1.19                                            Enterprise
Emissions     All sources – The projects below target improvements in Carbon Management and Awareness
source
Sustainable   Objective one: To improve effective use of our buildings and transport in order to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
development   “We will become a low carbon council”
objective
              Objective seven: To foster responsible citizenship and awareness of sustainable development.
              “We will increase our understanding and practice sustainable development in all that we do”
Carbon        Relevant          Project description                  Owner -         Anticipated   Anticipated   Forecast year of project
reduction     sustainable                                            Council         annual CO2    annual cost   delivery
reference     development                                            Resource        saving        saving        2007/ 2008/ 2009/ 2010/
              action                                                                 (tonnes)      (£) where     08    09    10    11
                                                                                     where         available
                                                                                     available
1             1.1               Finalise Carbon Management           Community       n/a           n/a
                                Plan
2             7.7               2008 ‘Switch Off!’ campaign          Community       1,363         240,000
                                for council premises to take
                                place, focusing on changing
                                behaviours of office based
                                employees using energy
                                consuming equipment which
                                they can control.

3             1.2               Appointment of Development           Community       680           0
                                Officer (Carbon Management)
4             1.1, 7.17, 7.18   Develop energy awareness             Community       TBC           TBC
                                training (initial training package   and Housing
                                likely to be trailed through         and Technical
                                the sustainable development
                                training package)
Emissions     All sources – The projects below target improvements in Carbon Management and Awareness
source
Sustainable   Objective one: To improve effective use of our buildings and transport in order to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
development   “We will become a low carbon council”
objective
              Objective seven: To foster responsible citizenship and awareness of sustainable development.
              “We will increase our understanding and practice sustainable development in all that we do”
Carbon        Relevant         Project description                 Owner -       Anticipated   Anticipated   Forecast year of project
reduction     sustainable                                          Council       annual CO2    annual cost   delivery
reference     development                                          Resource      saving        saving        2007/ 2008/ 2009/ 2010/
              action                                                             (tonnes)      (£) where     08    09    10    11
                                                                                 where         available
                                                                                 available
5             7.5, 7.7, 7.23   Presentation to procurement         Community     n/a           n/a
                               network on energy efficiency
                               opportunities (for example lamp
                               types, variable speed drives,
                               Invertors, time switches etc)
6             1.6              Appointment of Energy Manager Housing and         TBC           TBC
                               for SLC within Housing and    Technical
                               Technical Resources
7             1.6              Appointment of Energy Projects      Housing and   TBC           TBC
                               Engineer for SLC                    Technical
8             1.6              Appointment of Energy               Housing and   TBC           TBC
                               Efficiency Officer for SLC          Technical
9             1.7              Develop a route map for             Community     n/a           n/a
                               inclusion in the next Sustainable
                               Development Strategy (2011) as
                               to how we can achieve a 60%
                               reduction in greenhouse gas
                               emissions by 2050
Appendix B Scottish climate change declaration
We acknowledge that

  Climate change is occurring and human activities are having a significant negative and
  potentially dangerous influence.

  Climate change will have far reaching effects on Scotland’s people and places, impacting on
  our economy, society and environment.

  There are significant social, economic and environmental benefits in taking action to
  combat and prepare for climate change.

  We all in Scotland have duties and responsibilities to take action to both mitigate and adapt
  to climate change, and to promote the sustainable development and well-being of our local
  communities.


We welcome the

   Scottish and UK Climate Change Programmes and targets for the reduction of greenhouse
   gas emissions.

   Opportunity for local government in particular and other agencies, businesses, voluntary
   and community organisations and individuals to show leadership at a local level to respond
   to climate change.

   Opportunity to address climate change by promoting the sustainable development of our
   local communities.

We commit South Lanarkshire Council from this date 16 January 2007 to

   Work with the Scottish Executive and the UK Government to contribute to the delivery of
   Scotland’s and the UK’s Climate Change Programmes, including to reduce greenhouse gas
   emissions and to adapt to future climate change scenarios.

   Produce and publicly declare a plan, with targets and time-scales, to achieve a significant
   reduction in greenhouse gas emissions from our own operations. This will include our
   energy use and sourcing, travel and transportation, waste production and disposal, estate
   management, procurement of goods and services, and improved staff awareness.

   Ensure that greenhouse gas reduction and climate change adaptation measures
   are clearly incorporated into our new and existing strategies, plans and
   programmes, in line with sustainable development principles.
    Assess the risks and opportunities for our services and our communities of predicted
    climate change scenarios and impacts, and take action to adapt accordingly and in line
    with sustainable development principles.

    Encourage and work with others in our local community to take action to adapt to the
    impact of climate change, to reduce their own greenhouse gas emissions and to make
    public their commitment to action.

    Publish an annual statement on the monitoring and progress of our climate change
    response, detailing targets set, actions taken, outcomes achieved and further actions
    required.

    Collaborate with other organisations to promote good practice on climate change
    mitigation and adaptation.

We (Signatories) acknowledge the increasing impact that climate change will have on our
community, Scotland and other countries during the 21st Century and commit to tackling the
causes and effects of a changing climate within our local area.
Appendix C Stakeholders communication plan
Stakeholder name /group    Means of communication
Executive committee          Committee reports
Committee chairs/elected     Committee reports
members                      Halfway stage and final implementation plan
                             Further report early in the lifetime of the new council
                             Awareness sessions
Corporate Management Team    Key link with project sponsor and co sponsor
                             Regular updates to CMT
                             Include relevant objectives in new council plan
                             Progress proposals for spend to save measures
Finance and Information      Carbon management group finance representative
Technology Resources         Regular updates with the CMT
                             Meetings with Finance and IT Resources representatives
                             on Central Energy Efficiency Funding opportunities
Schools Modernisation Team   Comparative studies on energy performance of new
                             schools
                             Applications to the Carbon Trust’s Low Carbon Design
                             Programme to pilot new approaches
Waste Manager                Involvement of Waste Manager in carbon management
                             programme
                             Reporting recycling performance through the carbon
                             management group
Street Lighting Operations   Meetings with Operations Manager
Manager
Fleet Manager                Meetings with Fleet Manager
Roads Manager                Involvement in the carbon management group
Trade unions                 Presentation to Joint Consultative Forum
                             Sustainability (including carbon management) to be
                             included on Resource JCC agendas
Heads of service/budget      Service planning guidance
holders                      Core brief/team briefing
Portfolio Investment teams   To be determined
Building Performance         Performance manager will work with the project team on
Manager                      issues arising for least energy efficient properties
Stakeholder name /group   Means of communication
All employees
Corporate personnel         Presentations at resource extended management teams
                            Sustainable Development Strategy consultation and
                            employee questionnaire
                            Employee award for sustainability to be created
Procurement Team            Procurement manager included on project team
IT business teams           Represented on project team via Procurement Manager
Head Teachers               Weekly Education Newsletter
                            Eco Schools programme
                            Energy awareness campaign
Heads of Learning           Briefing paper to EMT
Communities                 Agenda item on Learning Community Management
                            Meetings
Best Value Review Forum     Key stage reports to be presented to Best Value Lead
                            Officers’ Group
Facilities/                 Core brief
venue managers              Extended management teams
                            Energy awareness campaign
PR and design section       Meeting with PR
                            Supply text for inclusion in articles/performance reports
School children             Eco Schools programme
                            Awareness sessions as part of the curriculum
Appendix D Risks register
Risk                                 Likelihood   Impact Control measure
Increasing energy prices will        High         High   The Council is affected by global
affect the ability to make                               market factors. Cost increases can
budget savings                                           be partially mitigated through
                                                         reducing energy consumption,
                                                         supported by effective contract
                                                         terms with energy provider and
                                                         management and use of energy
                                                         data.
Existing capital/revenue budget High              High   Project team will make the best
commitments mean that                                    case possible for each proposal and
investment in energy saving                              will prioritise projects with highest
measures is restricted.                                  yields. Decision makers will need
                                                         to be made aware of the payback
                                                         periods in the light of predicted
                                                         energy charges.
Employees do not buy into    Medium               High   Communications plan supported
carbon management objectives                             by the Council’s sustainable
                                                         development strategy. Resource
                                                         reps to champion carbon
                                                         management within their
                                                         Resources. Key role of project
                                                         sponsor at CMT.
Development and evaluation           Medium       High   To be monitored at each project
of reduction measures may be                             team meeting and concerns
affected by other priorities of                          taken up with project sponsor as
team members.                                            appropriate.
The ability to measure impact        Medium       High   Commitment to improve data
could be affect by availability or                       collection must be supported by
quality of data or cooperation                           senior management and built into
from key employees                                       annual service plans.
Recruitment difficulties for         Medium       High   Ensure recruitment process is as
key posts may affect ability to                          effective as possible.
implement plans
Loss of key project team             Low          High     To be monitored at project team
members personnel due                                      meetings and any concerns
to sickness, other priorities,                             taken up with project sponsor as
restructure etc.                                           appropriate.
Risk                            Likelihood   Impact Control measure
Carbon management               Low          High   Clear justification for plan linked
implementation plan not                             to sustainable development
accepted by Council                                 strategy and Council obligations
                                                    under Scotland’s Climate Change
                                                    Declaration.
                                                    CMT support required
Opportunities for carbon        Low          Low    If this happens then the project will
reduction are financially                           at least have enabled the council to
unviable                                            gain reassurance that it is operating
                                                    as efficiently as it can given present
                                                    circumstances and priorities.
Green energy is not available   Medium       Low    The Council is affected by global
for purchase from energy                            market factors. Little can be done
suppliers                                           to guarantee other than mitigate
                                                    increasing costs through reducing
                                                    consumption. The impact is
                                                    considered low as carbon projects
                                                    would continue irrespective of
                                                    green energy availability.
Appendix E Carbon management matrix
Level* Policy                Organisation            Information and Communication Finance                            Monitoring and
                                                     data            and training                                     evaluation
5      Specific climate      Climate                 CO2 emissions          Formalised           Well defined         Management
       change policy with    change/carbon           compiled for all       communication        and effective        Review of carbon
       targets signed off    management              main LA sources for    and training         internal financing   management
       and implemented       is a full-time          a baseline year and    plan for all staff   mechanisms for       process by senior
       + Action plan with    responsibility of an    regular collation of   on carbon and        carbon/energy        management.
       clear goals and       individual              annual emissions       energy related       saving projects      + Regular reviews
       regular reviews to    + Climate change        data                   matters, including   + Extensive          by core team
       confirm actions       responsibilities        + Data externally      integration in       use of external      on progress
       undertaken and        integrated into         verified               induction and        finance sources as   with carbon
       targets achieved/     responsibilities of                            other normal         appropriate          management
       being progressed      senior managers                                training processes
                                                                                                 + Good internal
                             in different                                   +Communication       resources for
                             departments                                    on carbon and        management/
                             + Political support                            energy related       coordination tasks
                             from the highest                               matters with the
                             level in the council.                          community and
                                                                            other key business
                                                                            partners
4      Specific climate      Climate                 CO2 emissions          Formalised           Internal and         Regular reviews
       change policy with    change/carbon           compiled for all       communication        external funding     by core team
       targets developed     management              main LA sources        and training         on a regular basis   on progress
       and signed off, but   is a full-time          for a baseline year    plan for all staff   for carbon/energy    with carbon
       not implemented       responsibility of an    (i.e. buildings,       on carbon and        saving projects      management
                             individual              street lighting,       energy related       + Sufficient         (e.g. review of
                             + Climate change        transport (fleet and   matters, including   internal resources   actions, check
                             responsibilities        commuting) and         integration in       for management/      against emissions
                             integrated into         waste if relevant)     induction and        coordination tasks   profile and targets,
                             responsibilities of     + Data internally      other normal                              addition of new
                             senior managers         reviewed               training processes                        opportunities etc.)
                             in different
                             departments
 Level* Policy                  Organisation           Information and Communication Finance                           Monitoring and
                                                       data            and training                                    evaluation
 3        Climate change        Climate                CO2 emissions         Ad hoc               Internal and         Ad hoc assessment
          included in wider     change/carbon          data compiled for     communication        external funding     of all aspects of
          policy documents      management             some sources for      and training         on an ad hoc basis   carbon/energy
                                is a part-time         a baseline year       delivered to all     for carbon/energy    policies/strategies,
                                responsibility of an   (e.g. buildings and   staff on carbon      saving projects      targets and action
                                individual             street lighting)      and energy related   + Limited internal   plans
                                + Climate change       and source data       matters              resources for
                                responsibilities       available for other                        management/
                                integrated into        sources (e.g.                              coordination tasks
                                responsibilities of    transport)
                                people in different
                                departments
 2        Climate change        Climate                No CO2 emissions      Communication        Some internal        Ad hoc reviews of
          as an aspiration      change/carbon          data compiled         and training to      financing on an      specific aspects of
          in non-policy         management             for any sources       specific groups in   ad hoc basis for     carbon/energy
          documents             is a part-time         but energy data       the Council (e.g.    carbon and/or        policies/strategies,
                                responsibility of an   compiled on a         energy team) on      energy efficiency    targets and action
                                individual             regular basis         carbon or energy     related projects     plans
                                                                             related matters      + Limited internal
                                                                                                  resources for
                                                                                                  management/
                                                                                                  coordination tasks
 1        No climate change     No individual with     No CO2 emissions      No communication     No internal          No monitoring of
          policy or strategy    responsibility for     data compiled for     or training to       financing or         carbon/energy
          and no mention        climate change         any sources and       staff on carbon      funding for carbon   policies/strategies,
          of climate change     issues                 energy data not       or energy related    and/or energy        targets and action
          in policy/strategy                           compiled on a         matters              efficiency related   plans
          documents                                    regular basis                              projects


* (5= Optimal score, 1 = Lowest score).
For more information or if you want this information in a
different format or language, please phone 01698 454610
or email savecarbon@southlanarkshire.gov.uk




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