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The Numbered Treaties Assignment

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									             The Numbered Treaties Assignment




Map of Reserve/Treaty Areas: (1-2 days)

      ArcView Activity: Aboriginal Reserves in MB




We will be looking specifically at Treaty 2, and Treaty 4 for this
assignment.
Treaty 2

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Treaty 2 was an agreement established August 21, 1871,
between the Queen Victoria and various First Nations in
southwest Manitoba and a small part of southeast
Saskatchewan; treaty signatories from this region included
the Ojibway tribes. This would be the second treaty signed
since the 1867 formation of the modern Canadian government,
and one year after the province Manitoba joined the Canadian
Confederation.

It was also known as the "Manitoba Post Treaty," named
after the fur trading post of the Hudson's Bay Company
where the treaty was signed. Manitoba Post was located on
the northwest shore of Lake Manitoba. The terms of this
treaty were similar to that of Treaty 1.

Treaty 1 and Treaty 2 were amended by an Order-in-Council
on April 30, 1875, to add provisions which were originally
promised verbally by the government. Similar "outside
promises" were included in the text of 1873's Treaty 3,
adding further pressure on the government to include such
provisions in the earlier treaties.

List of Treaty 2 First Nations

     Dauphin River First Nation
     Ebb and Flow First Nation
     Keeseekoowenin First Nation
     Lake Manitoba First Nation
     Lake St. Martin First Nation
     Little Saskatchewan First Nation
     O-Chi-Chak-Ko-Sipi First Nation (Crane River)
     Pinaymootang First Nation (Fairford)
     Skownan First Nation (formerly Waterhen First Nation)



http://www.solon.org/Aboriginal/Canada/Treaty-2.html




Treaty 4

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Treaty 4 was a treaty established between Queen Victoria
and the Cree and Saulteaux First Nations. The area covered
by Treaty 4 represents most of current day southern
Saskatchewan, plus small portions of what are today western
Manitoba and southeastern Alberta. This treaty is also called
the "Qu'appelle Treaty," as its first signings were conducted
at Fort Qu'Appelle, Saskatchewan on September 15, 1874.
Additional signings or adhesions would continue until
September, 1877.

List of Treaty 4 First Nations

     Manitoba
        o Swampy Cree Tribal Council
              Chemawawin Cree Nation—Treaty 5 signatory
                 council member
                Grand Rapids First Nation—Treaty 5 signatory
                 council member
               Marcel Colomb First Nation—Treaty 6
                signatory council member
               Mathias Colomb First Nation—Treaty 6
                signatory council member
               Mosakahiken Cree Nation—Treaty 5 signatory
                council member
               Opaskwayak Cree Nation—Treaty 5 signatory
                council member
             Sapotaweyak Cree Nation
            Wuskwi Sipihk First Nation
      o   West Region Tribal Council
            Ebb and Flow First Nation—Treaty 2 signatory
                council member
               Gamblers First Nation
               Keeseekoowenin First Nation—Treaty 2
                signatory council member
               O-Chi-Chak-Ko-Sipi First Nation—Treaty 2
                signatory council member
               Pine Creek First Nation
               Rolling River First Nation
               Skownan First Nation—Treaty 2 signatory
                council member
             Tootinaowaziibeeng Treaty Reserve First
              Nation
      o independent
            Waywayseecappo First Nation
   Saskatchewan
      o File Hills Qu'Appelle Tribal Council
            Carry The Kettle First Nation
            Little Black Bear First Nation
            Muscowpetung First Nation
            Nekaneet First Nation
            Okanese First Nation
         Pasqua First Nation
         Peepeekisis First Nation
         Piapot First Nation
         Standing Buffalo First Nation—non-Treaty
          signatory council member; included in Treaty 4
         Star Blanket First Nation
         Wood Mountain First Nation—non-Treaty
          signatory council member; included in Treaty 4
o   Saskatoon Tribal Council
       Kinistin First Nation
       Mistawasis First Nation—Treaty 6 signatory
          council member
         Muskeg Lake First Nation—Treaty 6 signatory
          council member
         Muskoday First Nation—Treaty 6 signatory
          council member
         One Arrow First Nation—Treaty 6 signatory
          council member
         Whitecap Dakota First Nation—non-Treaty
          signatory council member
        Yellow Quill First Nation
o   Touchwood Agency Tribal Council
       Day Star First Nation
       Fishing Lake First Nation
       Gordon First Nation
       Kawacatoose First Nation
       Muskowekwan First Nation
o   Yorkton Tribal Administration
       Cote First Nation
       Kahkewistahaw First Nation
       Keeseekoose First Nation
       Ocean Man First Nation—Treaty 4 signatory
          though in Treaty 2 area
                  Sakimay First Nations
                  The Key First Nation
          o   independent
                  Cowessess First Nation
                  Ochapowace First Nation
                  Pheasant Rump Nakota First Nation—Treaty 4
                    signatory though in Treaty 2 area
                   White Bear First Nation—Treaty 4 signatory
                    though in Treaty 2 area

http://www.ainc-inac.gc.ca/al/hts/tgu/tr4-eng.asp

Create a report

     Review the Treaty 2 and Treaty 4 documents through the links
      provided. After reviewing use the following as a guideline for your
      report:
         - explain in your own words your interpretation of these
            specific treaties
         - were the treaties fair to all involved?
         - what assurances did the treaties provide for First Nations
            people?
         - do you think that these agreements still hold validity today?

Include

     On 2 maps of Canada outline the treaty areas for the treaties you
      have focused on and indicate (label) the First Nations involved
      within proximity of Southwestern Manitoba .




Other treaty documents included at this site:
http://www.canadahistory.com/sections/documents/Native/docs-
aboriginal.htm

								
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