Explanatory Statement – Anti-Money Laundering and Counter

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					   Explanatory Statement – Anti-Money Laundering and Counter-Terrorism
Financing Rules consolidating the AML/CTF Rules and amending the AML/CTF
 Rules Amendment Instrument 2007 (No. 4) and the AML/CTF Rules Amendment
                            Instrument 2007 (No. 5)


 1. Purpose and operation of Anti-Money Laundering and Counter-Terrorism
   Financing Rules (AML/CTF Rules) consolidating the AML/CTF Rules and
   amending the AML/CTF Rules Amendment Instrument 2007 (No. 4) and the
             AML/CTF Rules Amendment Instrument 2007 (No. 5)

Section 229 of the Anti-Money Laundering and Counter-Terrorism Financing Act
2006 (AML/CTF Act) provides that the AUSTRAC Chief Executive Officer may, by
writing, make AML/CTF Rules prescribing matters required or permitted by any other
provision of the AML/CTF Act.

Currently the AML/CTF Rules are contained within three Instruments, the Anti-
Money Laundering and Counter-Terrorism Financing Rules Instrument 2007 (No.1)
(which contains the bulk of the AML/CTF Rules), the Anti-Money Laundering and
Counter-Terrorism Financing Rules Instrument 2007 (No.2) (dealing with
correspondent banking requirements) and the Anti-Money Laundering and Counter-
Terrorism Financing Rules (which deal with the reportable details for cross-border
movements of physical currency, bearer negotiable instruments and the Register of
Providers of Designated Remittance Services). These AML/CTF Rules consolidate
these Instruments into one document.

These AML/CTF Rules also amend the Anti-Money Laundering and Counter-
Terrorism Financing Rules Amendment Instrument 2007 (No.4) and the Anti-Money
Laundering and Counter-Terrorism Financing Rules Amendment Instrument 2007
(No.5) by making technical amendments to ensure that the amendments intended to be
made by the Anti-Money Laundering and Counter-Terrorism Financing Rules
Amendment Instrument 2008 (No.4) will have legal effect.

2.     Notes on sections

Section 1

This section sets out the name of the instrument, i.e. the Anti-Money Laundering and
Counter-Terrorism Financing Rules Amendment Instrument 2008 (No.7).




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Section 2

This section specifies that the Instrument commences on the day after it is registered.

Section 3

This section repeals the Anti-Money Laundering and Counter-Terrorism Financing
Rules and the Anti-Money Laundering and Counter-Terrorism Financing Rules
Instrument 2007 (No. 2).

Section 4

This section contains Schedule 1 which amends the Anti-Money Laundering and
Counter-Terrorism Financing Rules Instrument 2007 (No.1), Schedule 2 which
amends the Anti-Money Laundering and Counter-Terrorism Financing Rules
Amendment Instrument 2007 (No.4) and Schedule 3 which amends the Anti-Money
Laundering and Counter-Terrorism Financing Rules Amendment Instrument 2007
(No. 5).

Schedule 1

This schedule amends the Anti-Money Laundering and Counter-Terrorism Financing
Rules Instrument 2007 (No.1) to include the AML/CTF rules from the instruments
repealed under section 3, which consolidates all AML/CTF Rules into one instrument.

Schedule 2

This schedule amends the Anti-Money Laundering and Counter-Terrorism Financing
Rules Amendment Instrument 2007 (No. 4) which inserted reportable details rules for
suspicious matters and international funds transfer instructions into the Anti-Money
Laundering and Counter-Terrorism Financing Rules Instrument 2007 (No.1).

Schedule 3

This schedule amends the Anti-Money Laundering and Counter-Terrorism Financing
Rules Amendment Instrument 2007 (No. 5) which inserted reportable details rules for
threshold transactions into the Anti-Money Laundering and Counter-Terrorism
Financing Rules Instrument 2007 (No.1).

3.     Notes on paragraphs

Schedule 1

Paragraph 1

This paragraph omits the note in section 2 of the Anti-Money Laundering and
Counter-Terrorism Financing Rules Instrument 2007 (No.1) as it refers to instruments
repealed by section 3 of this amending instrument.




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Paragraph 2

This paragraph inserts the rules from the Anti-Money Laundering and Counter-
Terrorism Financing Rules Instrument 2007 (No. 2) as repealed by section 3 of this
amending instrument as a new Part 3.2 of Chapter 3 of the Anti-Money Laundering
and Counter-Terrorism Financing Rules Instrument 2007 (No.1).

Paragraph 3

This paragraph inserts the rules from the Anti-Money Laundering and Counter-
Terrorism Financing Rules as repealed by section 3 of this amending instrument as a
new Chapter 24, Chapter 25, Chapter 26 and Chapter 27 of the Anti-Money
Laundering and Counter-Terrorism Financing Rules Instrument 2007 (No.1).

Schedule 2

This schedule amends the Anti-Money Laundering and Counter-Terrorism Financing
Rules Amendment Instrument 2007 (No. 4) which inserted Chapters 17 and 18 into the
Anti-Money Laundering and Counter-Terrorism Financing Rules Instrument 2007
(No.1).

Paragraph 1

This amendment will allow the Australian Business Number of a transferor entity who
is an individual to be included in a report about an international funds transfer
instruction transmitted out of Australia. A transferor entity is the person who wishes
to transfer funds to a person (the ultimate transferee entity).

Paragraph 2

This amendment will allow a transferor entity’s account number with a reporting
entity to be included in a report about an international funds transfer instruction
transmitted out of Australia.

Paragraph 3

This amendment will allow for details of the person outside Australia who receives
the funds transfer instruction from Australia to be included in a report about an
international funds transfer instruction transmitted out of Australia.

Paragraph 4

This amendment will allow the account details of the ultimate transferee entity to be
included in a report about an international funds transfer instruction transmitted out of
Australia when the transfer is effected by funds being deposited into that account.

This amendment will also allow any reference number assigned to the funds transfer
instruction by the reporting entity to be included in a report about an international
funds transfer instruction transmitted out of Australia.



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Paragraph 5

This amendment will allow a transferor entity’s account number with the person
outside Australia who receives the funds transfer instruction to be included in a report
about an international funds transfer instruction transmitted into Australia.

Paragraph 6

This amendment will allow for details of the person in Australia who receives the
funds transfer instruction from outside Australia to be included in a report about an
international funds transfer instruction transmitted into Australia.

Paragraph 7

This amendment will allow the Australian Business Number and the occupation or
business description of an ultimate transferee entity who is an individual to be
included in a report about an international funds transfer instruction transmitted into
Australia.

Paragraph 8

This amendment will allow the account details of the ultimate transferee entity to be
included in a report about an international funds transfer instruction transmitted into
Australia when the transfer is effected by funds being deposited into that account.

This amendment will also allow any reference number assigned to the funds transfer
instruction by the reporting entity to be included in a report about an international
funds transfer instruction transmitted into Australia.

Paragraph 9

This amendment will allow details of the person completing a report to be included in
a report about an international funds transfer instruction.

Paragraph 10

This amendment will allow the Australian Business Number of a person who is the
subject of the report, and who is an individual, to be included in a report about a
suspicious matter.

Paragraph 11

This amendment will allow the Australian Business Number of an agent who is an
individual to be included in a report about a suspicious matter.

Paragraph 12

This amendment will allow the date of each component of a reportable matter to be
included in a report about a suspicious matter.



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Paragraph 13

This amendment will allow the date of a transfer, or planned transfer, of money or
property to be included in a report about a suspicious matter.

Paragraph 14

This amendment will remove the requirement for details of the person completing
report about a suspicious matter from this place in the AML/CTF Rules. These
details and others are inserted in a new paragraph 18.3. This reinsertion is further
explained in Paragraph 16.

Paragraph 15

This amendment will allow any identifier number or reference number given to a
previous report about a suspicious matter in respect of the same person to be included
in a report about a new suspicious matter.

Paragraph 16

This amendment will allow details of the person completing a report to be included in
a report about a suspicious matter.

Schedule 3

This schedule amends the Anti-Money Laundering and Counter-Terrorism Financing
Rules Amendment Instrument 2007 (No. 5) which inserted rules for reportable details
for threshold transactions into the Anti-Money Laundering and Counter-Terrorism
Financing Rules Instrument 2007 (No.1).

Paragraph 17

This amendment will allow any “nicknames” or aliases of an individual customer to
be included in a threshold transaction report.

Paragraph 18

This amendment will allow any business names of an individual customer to be
included in a threshold transaction report.

Paragraph 19

This amendment will allow the postal address of an individual customer to be
included in a threshold transaction report.

Paragraph 20

This amendment will allow the postal address of a non-individual customer to be
included in a threshold transaction report. It will also remove the requirement to



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include a non-individual customer’s registered business address from a threshold
transaction report.

Paragraph 21

This amendment will allow a reporting entity to describe a customer’s occupation,
business or principal activity in a threshold transaction report if the reporting entity
knows this information but does not know the Australian Bureau of Statistics code
applying to the occupation or activity.

Paragraph 22

This amendment will remove certain details to be included in a threshold transaction
report from subparagraph 19.3(5). They are replaced in subsections 19.3(7)(a) to (d)
by paragraphs 24 to 27, consistently with other details applicable to the reported
transaction.

Paragraph 23

This amendment will allow a breakdown of the components of all cash and non-cash
items relating to a threshold transaction to be included in a threshold transaction
report.

Paragraph 24

This amendment will allow details of cheques involved in reportable transactions
involving physical currency to be included in a threshold transaction report.

Paragraph 25

This amendment will allow details of the purpose of reportable transactions involving
e-currency to be included in a threshold transaction report.

This amendment will also allow details of cheques involved in reportable transactions
involving e-currency to be included in a threshold transaction report.

Paragraph 26

This amendment will allow details of cheques involved in reportable transactions of a
kind specified in the regulations involving money to be included in a threshold
transaction report. No relevant regulations have yet been made. However, the forms
for reporting of threshold transactions need to provide for such details to be included
in the event that such regulations are made in the future.

Paragraph 27

This amendment will allow details of cheques involved in reportable transactions of a
kind specified in the regulations involving property to be included in a threshold
transaction report. No relevant regulations have yet been made. However, the forms



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for reporting of threshold transactions need to provide for such details to be included
in the event that such regulations are made in the future.

Paragraph 28

This amendment will allow details of the person completing a report to be included in
a threshold transaction report and also removes a definition provision which is
unnecessary as Chapter 1 of the AML/CTF Rules already makes provision for the
relevant definitions.

Paragraph 29

This amendment will allow the Australian Business Number of an individual
customer to be included in a threshold transaction report from 12 December 2008.

Paragraph 30

This amendment will allow the Australian Business Number of an individual
customer to be included in a threshold transaction report from 1 January 2011.

4.     Legislative instruments

The AML/CTF Rules are legislative instruments as defined in section 5 of the
Legislative Instruments Act 2003.

5.     Likely impact

The consolidation of all AML/CTF Rules into one instrument, will have a beneficial
impact on businesses, while the AML/CTF Rules which make technical amendments
to reportable details which have not commenced in operation, will have little overall
detrimental impact. Most of the amendments clarify already existing requirements or
allow reporting of alternative details which are more likely to be available to reporting
entities. In terms of any likely costs to consumers, there is no direct cost.

6.     Assessment of benefits

These AML/CTF Rules provide greater clarity to reporting entities by consolidating
all the AML/CTF Rules into one instrument, allow for the reporting of alternative
details more likely to be available to reporting entities, and provide clarity as to the
reportable details required.

7.     Consultation

AUSTRAC considers that industry will support the consolidation of the AML/CTF
Rules and the technical amendments, and therefore did not undertake formal
consultation.




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8.     Ongoing consultation

AUSTRAC will conduct ongoing consultation with stakeholders on the operation of
the AML/CTF Rules including those affected by these amendments.




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