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CNU SUBSTANCE ABUSE POLICY FOR EMPLOYEES

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					                  CNU SUBSTANCE ABUSE POLICY FOR EMPLOYEES

OBJECTIVE AND INTENT
   A. Christopher Newport University is committed to protecting the health, safety, and welfare of the
      citizens it serves by assuring that a drug-free workplace is maintained and that employees perform
      their duties unimpaired by the effects of drugs or alcohol. In compliance with this commitment
      and the federal Drug-Free Workplace Act of 1988 and the Drug-Free Schools and Communities
      Act of 1989, Christopher Newport University establishes the following substance abuse policy.
   B. The unlawful manufacture, possession, use, or distribution of illicit drugs and controlled
      substances and the unlawful possession, use, or distribution of alcohol on Christopher Newport
      University property is prohibited. Violations of this policy will be handled according to existing
      personnel policies and procedures governing the conduct of administrators, faculty, and staff.

DEFINITIONS
   A. Controlled Substance – A drug or substance found in Section 54.1-3401 and Schedules I through
      VI of Sections 54.1-3446 through 3456 of the Code of Virginia, as amended, and Section 202 of
      the Federal Controlled Substances Act (21 US C. 812).
   B. Alcohol – Any product as defined in “The Alcoholic Beverage Control Act,” Section 4-2 of the
      Code of Virginia, as amended.
   C. Conviction – A finding of guilt (including a plea of nolo contendere) or imposition of sentence, or
      both, by any judicial body charged with the responsibility to determine violations of the Federal or
      State criminal drug statutes.
   D. Criminal Drug Statute – A criminal statute prohibiting the unlawful manufacture, distribution,
      dispensation, use, or possession of any controlled substance.
   E. Drug – Any controlled substance or prescribed or non-prescribed medication, taken into the body,
      other than alcohol, which may impair one’s mental faculties and/or physical performance.
   F. Employee – Administrative faculty, professional faculty, teaching faculty, classified and
      nonclassified, full-time and part-time, salaried and hourly persons, and any and all other
      individuals, except independent contractors employed by Christopher Newport University.
   G. Workplace – Any site where official duties are being performed by employees.

CONTROLLED SUBSTANCES
   A. The unlawful or unauthorized manufacture, distribution, dispensation, possession, or use of
      controlled substances is prohibited at the workplace.
   B. Any employee who violates III.A. may be subject to disciplinary action, including discharge,
      and/or referral to an assistance or rehabilitation program at the discretion of management. Any
      employee who is referred to an assistance or rehabilitation program must satisfactorily participate
      in such a program. Satisfactory participation in such program shall be determined by management
      after consultation with the individual or organization providing the assistance or rehabilitation
      and/or the Employee Assistance Program (if enrolled under the Commonwealth’s health care
      program).

ALCOHOL
   A. The unlawful or unauthorized manufacture, distribution, dispensation, possession, or use of
      alcohol is prohibited at the workplace.
   B. Any employee who violates IV.A. may be subject to disciplinary action, including discharge,
      and/or referral to an assistance or rehabilitation program at the discretion of management. Any
      employee who is referred to an assistance or rehabilitation program must satisfactorily participate
      in such a program. Satisfactory participation in such program shall be determined by management
      after consultation with the individual or organization providing the assistance or rehabilitation
       and/or the Employee Assistance Program (if enrolled under the Commonwealth’s health care
       program).

FITNESS FOR WORK
   A. Employees are to perform their assigned duties unimpaired by the effects of drugs or alcohol.
   B. Any employee whose performance is impaired by the effects of drugs or alcohol at the workplace
      may be subject to disciplinary action, including discharge, and/or referral to an assistance or
      rehabilitation program as the discretion of management.

EMPLOYEE RESPONSIBILITIES
   A. As a condition of employment, all employees shall:
              i) Abide by the terms of this policy, and;
              ii) Notify the President or designee of any criminal drug statute conviction which
                   occurred in the workplace no later than five days after such conviction is entered, as
                   required by Federal law.

INSTITUTIONAL R ESPONSIBILITIES
   A. Christopher Newport University shall provide its employees with a copy of this policy, including a
      description of the health risks associated with the illicit use of drugs or the abuse of alcohol, and a
      general description of criminal sanctions under Federal and State law, for the unlawful possession
      or distribution of illicit drugs and alcohol, as required by the Drug-Free School sand Communities
      Act of 1989. Furthermore, Christopher Newport University shall inform its employees of the
      dangers of drug abuse in the workplace, available drug and alcohol counseling, and rehabilitation
      and employee assistance programs.
   B. Christopher Newport University will ensure that disciplinary actions taken as a result of a violation
      of this policy are consistent, fairly applied, and not unduly harsh or punitive based on the severity
      and nature of the violation.
   C. Christopher Newport University will inform the federal contraction or granting agency within ten
      (10) days after receiving notice from an employee of any criminal drug statute conviction for a
      violation occurring at the workplace or otherwise receiving actual notice of such conviction, as
      required by the Drug-Free Workplace Act of 1988.
   D. Christopher Newport University shall, within thirty (30) days of receiving notice of an employee’s
      conviction for a criminal drug statute offense occurring in the workplace, take appropriate
      disciplinary action against such employee and/or require such employee to participate
      satisfactorily in a drug abuse assistance or rehabilitation program, as required by the Drug-Free
      Workplace Act of 1988.

REHABILITATION PROGRAMS
   A. Employees experiencing a problem with drug or alcohol abuse or dependency are encouraged to
      seek counseling assistance. Supervisors are encouraged to assist employees seeking such
      assistance. Notwithstanding an employee’s voluntary participation in a drug or alcohol
      rehabilitation programs, the employee is expected to perform his duties according to developed job
      standards and expectations.
   B. Value Options EAP program is available to certain state employees for counseling and referral for
      drug and alcohol related problem, as well as, other personal problems.
   C. With respect to any violation of this policy, the following provisions apply:
                i) Supervisors should consult with Value Options EAP program of other state operated
                    substance or rehabilitation program. The employee should refer to his/her healthcare
                    plan for specific information regarding their coverage. Under current health care
                    benefits, not all treatment programs are covered.
                ii) Management is encouraged to consult with Value Options EAP program or other
                    state operated substance abuse programs in determining whether a state employee
                    referred to an assistance or rehabilitation program has satisfactorily participated in
                    such program.
  D. Other agencies such as the Department of Mental Health, Mental Retardation and Substance
     Abuse Services and the Department of Health may be contacted to provide assistance and referral
     information.
  E. Employees may be granted leaves of absence (leave without pay if no leave balances are available)
     to participate in rehabilitation programs for treatment of drug or alcohol abuse at the discretion of
     management.

CHRISTOPHER NEWPORT UNIVERSITY SUBSTANCE ABUSE POLICIES
  A. Christopher Newport University may modify this policy or promulgate additional substance abuse
     policies as needed.

COVERAGE OF PERSONNEL
  A. This policy is applicable to all employees of Christopher Newport University.

INTERPRETATION
  A. The President or his designee is responsible for official interpretation of this policy. Questions
     regarding the application of this policy should be directed to the Office of Human Resources.

BIENNIAL REVIEW
  A. Christopher Newport University shall conduct periodic reviews (at least biennially) of its drug
     prevention programs to determine their effectiveness and to implement changes as requested.
      VIRGINIA LAWS PERTAINING TO THE UNLAWFUL POSSESSION OR
 DISTRIBUTION OF CONTROLLED SUBSTANCES, ILLICIT DRUGS AND ALCOHOL

ALCOHOL
Virginia’s Alcohol Beverage Control Act contains a variety of laws governing the possession, use, and
consumption of alcoholic beverages. The Act applies to the students and employees of the institution. As
required by the Federal Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act of 1989, the pertinent laws, including
sanctions for their violation, are summarized below.

1.   It is unlawful for any person under age 21 to purchase or possess any alcoholic beverage. Violation of
     the law exposes the violator to a misdemeanor conviction for which the punishment is confinement in
     jail for up to twelve months and a fine up to $2,500, either or both. Additionally, such person’s
     Virginia driver’s license may be suspended for a period of not more than one year.

2.   It is unlawful for any person to sell alcoholic beverages to persons under 21 years of age. Violation of
     the law exposes the violator to a misdemeanor conviction for which the punishment is confinement in
     jail for up to twelve months and a fine up to $2,500, either or both.

3.   It is unlawful for any person to purchase alcoholic beverages for another when, at the time of the
     purchase, he knows or has reason to know that the person for whom the alcohol is purchased is under
     the legal drinking age. The criminal sanction for violation of the law is the same as #2 above.

4.   It is unlawful for any person to consume alcoholic beverages in unlicensed public places. Persons
     violating the law, upon conviction, expose the violator to a misdemeanor conviction for which the
     punishment is a fine up to $250.


CONTROLLED SUBSTANCES AND ILLICIT DRUGS
The unlawful possession, distribution, and use of controlled substances and illicit drugs, as defined by the
Virginia Drug Control Act, are prohibited in Virginia. Controlled substances are classified under the Act
into “Schedules,” ranging from Schedule I through Schedule VI, as defined in sections 54.1-3446 through
54.1-3456 of the Code of Virginia (1950) as amended. As required by the Federal Drug-Free Schools and
Communities Act of 1989, the pertinent laws, including sanctions for their violation, are summarized
below.

1.   Possession of a controlled substance classified in Schedules I or II or the Drug Control Act, upon
     conviction, exposes the violator to a felony conviction for which the punishment is a term of
     imprisonment of ranging from one to ten years, or in the discretion of the jury or the court trying the
     case without a jury, confinement in jail for up to twelve months and a fine up to $2,500, either or both.

2.   Possession off a controlled substance classified in Schedule III of the Drug Control Act, upon
     conviction, exposes the violator to a misdemeanor conviction for which the punishment is confinement
     in jail for up to twelve months and a fine up to $2,500, either or both.

3.   Possession of a controlled substance classified in Schedule IV of the Drug Control Act, upon
     conviction, exposes the violator to a misdemeanor conviction for which the punishment is confinement
     in jail for up to six months and a fine up to $1,000, either or both.

4.   Possession of a controlled substance classified in Schedule V of the Drug Control Act, upon
     conviction, exposes the violator to a misdemeanor conviction for which the punishment is a fine up to
     $500.
5.   Possession of a controlled substance classified in Schedule VI of the Drug Control Act, upon
     conviction, exposes the violator to a misdemeanor conviction for which the punishment is a fine up to
     $250.

6.   Possession of a controlled substance classified in Schedule I or II of the Drug Control Act with the
     intent to sell or otherwise distribute, upon conviction, exposes the violator to a felony conviction for
     which the punishment is imprisonment from five to forty years and a fine up to $100,000. Upon a
     second conviction, the violator must be imprisoned fro not less than five years, but may suffer life
     imprisonment, and fine up to $100,000.

7.   Possession of a controlled substance classified in Schedules III, IV, or V or the Drug Control Act with
     the intent to sell or otherwise distribute, upon conviction, exposes the violator to a misdemeanor
     conviction for which the punishment is confinement in jail for up to one year and a fine up to $2,500,
     either or both.

8.   Possession of marijuana, upon conviction, exposes the violator to a misdemeanor conviction for which
     the punishment is confinement in jail for up to thirty days and a fine up to $500, either or both. Upon a
     second conviction, punishment is confinement in jail for up to one year and a fine up to $2,500, either
     or both.

9.   Possession of less than one-half ounce of marijuana with intent to sell or otherwise distribute, upon
     conviction, exposes the violator to a misdemeanor conviction for which the punishment is confinement
     in jail for up to one year and a fine up to $2,500, either or both. If the amount of marijuana involved is
     more than one-half ounce to five pounds, the crime is a felony with a sanction of imprisonment from
     one to ten years, or in the discretion of the jury or the court trying the case without a jury, confinement
     in jail for up to one year and a fine up to $2,500, either or both. If the amount of marijuana involved is
     more than five pounds, the crime is a felony with a sanction of imprisonment from five to thirty years.
ATTACHMENT: H EALTH RISKS OF ALCOHOL AND DRUG ABUSE

Many Americans abuse alcohol and illegal drugs without thinking about the possible risk to their health and
well-being.

ALCOHOL
Traffic accidents caused by drinking are the number one cause of death among Americans ages 15 to 24,
according to the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA).

    A. Even small amounts of alcohol can affect your judgment and coordination. This increases the
       chance that you will be involved in an accident. Moderate amounts also affect your ability to learn
       and remember information. High amounts can cause alcohol poisoning, resulting in death.

    B. Women who drink alcohol while pregnant may give birth to infants with birth defects and mental
       retardation.

ILLEGAL DRUGS

Drugs change your perception. They affect how your brain works, including your memory. They cause a
variety of potentially serious or fatal physical conditions, the NIDA says.

These drugs have specific health risks (this is not a complete list):

    A. Cocaine. Cocaine in any form can cause sudden death from cardiac arrest. Cocaine stimulates the
       central nervous system. That raises blood pressure, heart rate, breathing rate, and body
       temperature. Injecting cocaine with shared needles can lead to HIV infection and hepatitis.
    B. Marijuana. Marijuana increases heart rate, affects memory and comprehension, and makes it more
       difficult to perform tasks requiring concentration and coordination, such as driving a car. The drug
       also affects motivation, which has an impact on school and work.
    C. Prescription drug abuse. About 9 million Americans use prescription drugs for nonmedical
       purposes. Commonly abused medications include OxyContin, Ritalin, Adderal, Vicodin, and
       Percocet. These drugs can cause very high blood pressure, irregular heart rate, and high body
       temperature.
    D. Methamphetamine. This drug can increase heart rate, raise blood pressure, and decrease appetite.
       This can lead to severe weight loss. High doses can cause tremors, delusions, paranoia, and death.
    E. Anabolic steroids. Steroid users can suffer side effects ranging from acne to liver cancer. In males,
       use can cause withered testicles, sterility, and impotence. In females, irreversible masculine traits
       can develop. Psychological effects in both sexes include aggressive behavior and depression.
       Some side effects, such as heart attack and stroke, may occur years after use.

SUMMARY - EFFECTS OF ALCOHOL AND DRUG ABUSE
Using alcohol and other drugs carries risks. Alcohol and drugs impair your judgment, making you more
likely to hurt yourself or others, to have trouble with the law, to do poorly at work and school, and to have
relationship trouble. Alcohol and drugs also have specific health risks: they can damage major organs,
increase your risk of cancers, and even cause death. (The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
School of Medicine – Bowles Center for Alcohol Studies)

NOTE: This awareness/educational information sheet includes information from a variety of respected
resources. It does not contain all drugs that can be abused or all of the harmful effects resulting from
alcohol and drug abuse.
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

Please check the following websites:

DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration
Center for Substance Abuse Prevention at www.samhsa.gov

NATIONAL INSTITUTE ON DRUG ABUSE (NIDA)
National Institutes of Health at http://www.nida.nih.gov/

Off-campus resources:

Alcoholics Anonymous (757) 595 - 1212

Hampton-Newport News Community Services Board Substance Abuse Service Division (757) 873 - 8986

Hampton Roads Clinic (757) 827 - 8430

Peninsula Alcoholism Services (PAS)
Newport News (757).594 - 7321,
Hampton (757) 722 – 2569

Employee Assistance Program – ValueOptions (866) 725 - 0603

				
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