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UPU POST TLD APplication

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UPU POST TLD APplication Powered By Docstoc
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Universal Postal Union



                            .POST
Union Postale Universelle




         .POST TLD Application

         Annex E1
         Executive Summary
                                                                                                                    Universal Postal Union

                                                                                                                                 Annex E1
                                                                                                                       Executive Summary




                                                     Table of Contents
0.     ABOUT THIS DOCUMENT ........................................................................................................ 3
     0.1     ABBREVIATIONS AND TERMS .................................................................................................... 3
1.     EXECUTIVE SUMMARY............................................................................................................ 4
     1.1     WHAT IS .POST? ......................................................................................................................... 4
     1.2     POLICIES .................................................................................................................................... 5
     1.3     PROPOSED USE OF THE .POST TLD ............................................................................................ 6
     1.4     PROPOSED POSTAL SERVICES TO BE IMPLEMENTED ................................................................. 7
     1.5     DOMAIN N AME REGISTRATION ................................................................................................. 9
     1.6     REGISTRATION PROCESS ........................................................................................................... 9
     1.7     BUSINESS MODEL .................................................................................................................... 11




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0.           About this document
                            This document is a executive summary of the .post domain proposal to ICANN.
                            Its purpose is to provide the document audience (ie. ICANN and UPU members)
                            with a summary of the overall proposal for a .post TLD.

                            It is based on reflections and discussions with all the founding members of .post
                            and embodies the elements common to their respective strategies.




0.1          Abbreviations and terms
                            .

             Abbreviation                                          Meaning
      TLD                           Top level domain, as in .com, .org, .int and .post
      UPU                           Universal Postal Union – the sponsoring organization for the .post
                                    TLD.
      SLD                           Second level domain – a sub-domain under a TLD. Eg. usa.post
      GPTS                          Global Postal Trust Services




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1.    Executive Summary

1.1   What is .post?

               The .post top level domain (TLD) will be a restricted domain that will provide a
               trusted environment to serve the information and electronic communication
               service needs of individuals and organizations around the world.

               The Universal Postal Union (UPU) will sponsor the domain and therefore control
               the policy-formulation activities and overall management of the domain.

               For the initial establishment of the .post domain, the provision of registry
               operation services will be outsourced to CORE of Geneva, Switzerland.

               The existing structure of the UPU, comprising the Council of Administration (CA)
               and the Postal Operations Council (POC) will be enhanced by establishing a
               .post Management Committee based on the Statutes and Principles of
               Operation for the Telematics Cooperative. The Management Committee will
               define all policies regarding issuance of domain names and the operation of the
               .post domain.

               The Management Committee will be comprised of five members,
               consisting of a representative from the UPU International Bureau and a
               representative from each of the following Postal Administrations:

                                 United States Postal Services

                                 La Poste, France

                                 Die Post, Switzerland



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                                    Sweden Post , on behalf of the Nordic Countries (Sweden,
                                     Denmark, Norway, Finland)

                 A working group with permanent staff and reporting to the .post Management
                 Committee will be formed to handle the day to day operations, notably accepting
                 and processing applications for the use of .post.




1.2   Policies

                 Due to the restricted nature of the .post domain, Second Level Domain (SLD)
                 names will only be issued to UPU members. Each member may apply for an
                 unlimited number of domains. However, they must prove that they have an
                 undisputable right to the domain, in accordance with the naming policy.

                 For example: the SLD names will be either:

                    a) the ISO two-digit or three-digit country code or another geographic
                    naming convention (ex. france.post);

                    b) a “logical” country or postal name, such as “royalmail” for the postal
                    administration of Great Britain;

                    c) a trading name or trademark registered in multiple countries

                    d) a name that denotes a worldwide service offering by the UPU; or

                    e) names that uniquely identify alternate postal administrations within the
                    boundaries of a country, if that postal administration is recognized by the
                    legitimate government of the country as being a bona fide postal
                    administration.

                 The .post domain will be used for a variety of purposes. Each postal
                 organization will have access to the two and three letter country code
                 designations followed by .post. These will likely be used for the dissemination of
                 information such as post office locations, rates and service information. It is also
                 likely that some postal organizations will seek additional names in the .post
                 domain to more accurately mirror their traditional monikers . It is also possible
                 that a group of postal organizations, the UPU itself or both will create new
                 services which will be registered in the .post domain without the country code
                 qualifier. An example of such a service would be an international hybrid mailing
                 service that allows consumers to create messages in one country and route
                 them through the .post domain to a trusted postal site at the remote end for
                 printing and delivery to the recipient. Only services that are global, and not
                 specific to a single country, will be considered for inclusion as a SLDs.

                 Subsequent Level Domains will also be available to non-postal organisations,
                 primarily for the purpose of providing a trusted electronic identification. The


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              issuance of Subsequent Level Domains will also be governed by strict policies
              and processes that will ensure the organization has a legal right to the name
              requested.

              Initially, these non-postal organizations will NOT be allowed to create websites
              for their .post domain name. These domain names will only be used for creating
              e-mail addresses to identify individuals or entities belonging to an organization.

              For example:

                 john.citizen@marseille.france.post

                 mayor@marseille.france.post

              Each individual will be authenticated using the Identification and Authentication
              policies from the UPU‟s Global Postal Trust Services (GPTS) Certificate Policy
              for Individuals and Organizations Identity Certificates for Digital Signature and
              Non-Repudiation Services.




1.3   Proposed use of the .post TLD

              There will be strict policies governing the use of the domain. The most important
              element governing the use of the domain will be TRUST. The .post domain will
              be a label that exhibits trust based on the following principles:

                  1. Trust that "name".post is held by a party that has the indisputable right
                     to "name".

                  2. Trust that name@service.post is held by a party that has the
                     indisputable right to name.

                  3. Trust that a message (web page or email) from name.post or
                     name@service.post actually comes from name.

                  4. Trust that a service provided by service.post conforms to high (security)
                     standards.

                  5. Trust that a message sent to name@service.post is delivered to name -
                     if necessary even by physical delivery and optionally a delivery
                     notification sent back to the sender

                  6. Trust that a message (of some form) existed at a certain point in time

              The .post TLD will both serve a community and a market – due to the mixed
              private and public service nature of Postal Administrations.




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              The .post TLD will serve the community of Postal Administrations who in turn
              serve the community at large.

              In summary, the .post domain names will be used as a support for Trusted
              Postal Services which require:

                      1. identification of the sender

                      2. integrity of the message

                      3. identification of the receiver.

              By identification we understand :

                      1. validity of the name

                      2. validity of the physical address (if there is one)

                      3. the name is a public official or moral person (eg. mayor), as defined
                         in the national legislations.

              As a start, only services which require this are part of this proposal – other
              services which do not depend on Trusted Postal Services in this way are NOT
              part of the .post domain.

              After the start-up period, policies will be developed which will cover other
              aspects of the .post TLD.




1.4   Proposed Postal Services to be implemented

              Many postal administrations are currently offering services to provide an email
              address to every citizen within their country. One example is that a Postal
              Administration is currently planning to assign third level domain names to all
              cities, communes and national administration services to enable email
              addresses for citizens or employees to be issued under these domains.

              For the initial implementation of the .post domain, it is proposed to extend these
              services in selected countries by providing a .post email address. For example:
              john.citizen@washington.usps.post. In addition to the email address the
              customer will also be given a digital certificate to facilitate secure
              communications. The issuance of a .post email address will be subject to strict
              identification and authentication policies. The result will be recognition of a .post
              email address as a trusted electronic identity. The Trusted Postal Services
              associated with these email addresses will help the general public accept the
              internet as a more secure medium.

              Other services that can fall into this category are:


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       Trusted Time Stamps

       Electronic signatures

       Secure Document Exchange

       eStamps

       Hybrid Mail services

       Address Directory Service

       etc.

Exactly which services are proposed is up to the Postal Administration – but if
they rely on identification of the sender or receiver and the message integrity
facilities proposed under .post, then they can be called a „Trusted Postal
Service‟.

A Universal Address Directory Service is also being proposed as a trusted
postal service. Obviously such a service would be subject to strict policies
concerning the protection of private and confidential information. Therefore,
those individuals or organisations that do not want their details published on a
directory can rightly choose to have any information made unavailable for public
viewing. A Universal Address Directory Service, based on the X.500 Directory
standard, would be very similar to a “Global White Pages”. However, its purpose
will be to facilitate secure and trusted communication and delivery of information
to individuals.

A Postal Address Directory would enable multiple methods of communication
within a single service. It would contain multiple addresses and include
information such as:

       physical addresses for home, business, holiday locations

       electronic mailbox address (i.e. different from email, an Electronic Post
        Office Box - in future this may be a separate location for receipt of all
        electronic communications and services)

       e-mail address

       telephone numbers

       digital certificate

       delivery methods

       etc.

The Universal Address Directory will enhance existing and provide new Hybrid
communication services. For example: I send an email to my mother living in
another country. She does not have an email address or access to a computer.


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              Using the Global Directory, the email is printed by the destination Post. The
              physical address is taken from the Directory and the email becomes a letter,
              which is delivered by the destination Post. The cost would be based on the cost
              of a local stamp in the destination country.

              These Trusted Postal Services are primarily focused on addressing the
              weaknesses of today‟s internet by providing new services that will enable:

                     eMail       - trusted transmission of mail and forms.

                     eBusiness - trusted B2B and B2C communications (payments, invoices,
                      etc.).

                     eBanking - alternative      and    secure internet      payment    methods,
                      statements, etc.




1.5   Domain Name Registration

              Registration of names within the SLDs will be delegated to the UPU member
              organizations that will be responsible for asserting the validity of the name and
              its use within the domain. The postal administration of every country in the world
              will be delegated registrar authority for the SLDs, subject to conformance with
              UPU expectations for trust and confidentiality.          This delegation can be
              administered by a registrar authority as determined by the postal administration.
              Delegation of SLD registrar authority will be subject to UPU oversight. This is to
              ensure that postal administrations worldwide adhere to the public expectation of
              trust and confidentiality for any internet entity operating under the UPU.
              Registrars for SLDs for worldwide service offerings will be determined by the
              UPU.




1.6   Registration Process

              An applicant will submit a formal request to be an accredited „.post Operator‟ to
              the „.post Accreditation Service‟ of the UPU with the following:

                     Full legal description of the applicant with supporting legal proof.

                     Statutes of the applicant, proving the Postal Administration nature of the
                      applicant.




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       A list of requested domain names with a justification for each (see
        policies).

       A formally approved business plan that includes the Trusted Postal
        Services.

       The necessary application fees.

A complete „application form‟ will be prepared before a final agreement is
reached with ICANN on the delegation of authority for .post.

Upon receipt of the application, the „.post Accreditation Service‟ will
acknowledge receipt of the application within 5 (five) business days, inform the
applicant if part of the application is incomplete or if complimentary information
is required, and schedule the formal review of the application within 20 (twenty)
business days.

During this period, the UPU .post Accreditation Service will review all
documentation accompanying a request for a .post domain name. The
obligation will be on the applicant (Postal Administration) to prove that they have
a legal right to use the domain name(s) being requested.

The UPU .post Accreditation Service will publish all requests for .post domain
names on the UPU website. There will be a formal process allowing a Postal
Administration to formally object to any request for a proposed domain name.
The process will accept any objections for a period of 30 days. During the 30
day period, the applicant will be entitled to use the .post domain name(s) on a
temporary basis, under the condition that it may be disputed. At the completion
of the 30 day period, if no objections are received, the applicant will be granted
formal ownership of the domain name. If objections are received, the applicant
can continue to use the domain name on a temporary basis and the relevant
Dispute Resolution procedures will be employed.

The application dossier will be transmitted to the voting members of the
.post Accreditation Service for review and to non-voting experts for
comment.

The formal review, done by the „.post Accreditation Service‟ permanent
members, will emit a decision in the form:

    1. Accreditation granted

    2. Accreditation granted with conditions

    3. Accreditation refused with motives.

In case 1 and 2 above, the formal agreement is finalised, signed and put in
effect. The „.post Accreditation Service‟ informs the registrar of the domain name
and related information that must be processed.

The formal agreement will be elaborated before a final agreement is reached
with ICANN on the delegation of authority for .post.


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              In case 3 above, the applicant may chose to change the proposal if it is feasible,
              accept the refusal or request appeal in accordance with the UPU Dispute
              Resolution Procedures.

              Publication of the applications, deliberations and decisions will be done on a
              .post web site accessible to UPU members, as per existing UPU procedures.
              Significant sections will be made available to the general public for comments
              and for information.




1.7   Business Model

              During the start-up period, it is anticipated that Postal Administrations will
              register a combined total of between 400 to 1000 domain names over a 6 month
              period. In addition, it is estimated that there will be no more than 200 generic
              postal domain names during this time.

              Beyond the initial six months there will be a requirement to register domain
              names for the customers of Postal Administrations, notably the geographical
              mapping of domain names. This volume will depend on the Postal
              Administration‟s business plans.

              For Example:

                 A Postal Administration may assign domain names to all cities, communes
                 and national administration services. This would result in over 30‟000
                 domain names. In all probability, the Postal Administration will become a
                 .post Registrar, using the technical services of an ICANN-accredited
                 Registrar. The planned time frame is 6 to 12 months for completion.

              Postal Administrations who use the .post (.post Operators) will be charged :

                  1. An initial non-refundable application fee of USD $1,000 to $10,000 to
                     cover the costs of examining the request for accreditation as a .post
                     Operator. This fee will be waived for those Postal Administrations who
                     have contributed to the ICANN .post TLD application.

                  2. An annual fee of USD $1,000 to $10,000 to cover the costs of operating
                     the common components and the policy making activities.

                  3. A USD $150 fee per domain name requested per 2 year period,
                     covering the costs of pre-screening, registration and registry. Special
                     pricing may be granted for Postal Administrations with limited budgets
                     or bulk requests. This fee will be reduced for those Postal
                     Administrations who have contributed to the ICANN .post TLD
                     application. The reduction will be determined based on the financial
                     contributions towards the .post TLD application.



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Postal Administrations who act as .post Registrars will be charged:

    1. An initial non-refundable application fee of USD $1,000 to $10,000 to
       cover the costs of examining the request for accreditation as a .post
       Registrar.

    2. An annual fee of USD $500 to $5,000 to cover the costs of the policy
       making activities.

    3. A royalty of USD $15 per domain name registered per 2 year period.

Fees may be adjusted annually based on the effective costs of operating the
.post. However, lack of funds by the postal administration of a developing
country will not result in denial of stewardship over that country‟s SLD within the
domain. The UPU will adjudicate expenses as necessary to ensure that all
postal administrations can participate and/or will assist the postal administration
in finding solutions with UPU members who possess the necessary
infrastructure. The overriding concern will be the effective implementation of the
policies to ensure trusted postal services.




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