Automatic Fire Detection Systems for Places Providing Sleeping

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					                   Fire Safety Department
                  Community Fire Protection

Automatic Fire Detection Systems for Places Providing
              Sleeping Accommodation

      Community Fire Protection Guidance R9
                         Issue: 1.0
                        18 July 2007
DOCUMENTATION VERSION CONTROL

Issue No       Date
1.0            18/07/07
                                               TABLE OF CONTENTS

SECTION        CONTENTS                                                                                                  PAGE




    1.          POLICY STATEMENT ............................................................................... 1
    2.          LEGALITY .................................................................................................. 1
    3.          EXTRACTS FROM HM GOVERNMENT PUBLICATION “FIRE
                SAFETY RISK ASSESSMENT, SLEEPING ACCOMMODATION” ............ 1
    4.          SERVICE POLICY ..................................................................................... 5
    5.          PROBLEM.................................................................................................. 6
    6.          TIMESCALES ............................................................................................ 6




          Automatic Fire Detection Guidance For Places Providing Sleeping
                                  Accommodation
    Issue: 1.0                                                           Page 0
1.     Policy Statement


The purpose of this policy is to give technical guidance on Automatic Fire Detection
to Inspectors when visiting and auditing the fire safety measures in premises
providing sleeping accommodation. It is advises on the required enforcement action,
whether formal or informal, and to the time periods in which responsible people
should be reasonably expected to comply.


2.     Legality


All Fire and Rescue Authorities have a duty to enforce the Regulatory Reform (Fire
Safety) Order 2005. The Fire Safety Order requires that premises are provided with
suitable and sufficient means of detecting fire and giving warning in the event of fire.


All premises that are required to comply with the Fire Safety Order must comply from
the date it came into force (1st October 2006) and therefore should provide a suitable
and sufficient warning system from that date. The Fire and Rescue Service could
formally enforce (Issue an Enforcement notice) these provisions immediately.
However, the principles of the Enforcement Concordat and Enforcement
Management Model should be applied.


Where the Enforcing Authority and the responsible person cannot agree on the
technical details of measures necessary to ensure compliance with the Fire Safety
Order provision is made for the parties to agree to a determination by the secretary
of state under Article 36


3.     Extracts from HM Government publication “fire safety risk assessment,
       sleeping accommodation”


The following extracts are taken from the HM Government guidance document and
should be used to advise on the type of fire alarm system required in sleeping
accommodation premises.



       Automatic Fire Detection Guidance For Places Providing Sleeping
                               Accommodation
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(Pg. 21, 22) 3.4.1 Fire detection and warning systems

In simple premises of limited size/occupation e.g. ground and first floor with a small
number of guest/residents, an alternative system of interconnected smoke alarms
or point detectors, incorporating interconnected manual call points and, where
necessary separate sounders may be acceptable.


In more complex premises, such as the sleeping areas of hotels, boarding schools
or student accommodation, you will probably need an automatic fire detection and
warning system with a control panel which is able to identify either the zone or the
specific location where the alarm has been raised. The control panel (or a repeat
panel) should be located near the entrance to the premises.


(Pg54) 2.2 Automatic fire detection

Most premises providing sleeping accommodation will need automatic fire detection,
which actuates the fire warning systems. Automatic fire detection provides the
means to know that you have a fire at the earliest possible time.


The following table (pg 55) should be used to advise on the type of fire alarm system
required in sleeping accommodation premises.


Table 1: Suggested standard of automatic fire detection
It is essential that the following table is read in conjunction with the table key and
accompanying notes

                          Type of premises                              Category/Grade of system
                                                                                   Note 5


Hotels, motels, hostels, large bed and breakfast and boarding house
type accommodation Note 1                                              L2

School and student residencies. Family group homes, (especially
refuges for vulnerable groups)                                         L2 or L3

Sheltered accommodation                                                L2 in common areas Note 2

Houses in multiple occupation of more than two storey’s (more than
one floor above ground) or any floor greater than 200m2

Flats and conversions (including holiday flats) that have not been     Grade A LD2 in common
constructed to building regulation standards                           areas Note 3



       Automatic Fire Detection Guidance For Places Providing Sleeping
                               Accommodation
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House in multiple occupation and small premises, e.g. bed and
breakfast of up to two storey’s (up to one floor above ground) with no      Grade D LD2 or 3 Note 3
floor greater than 200m2

Flats and maisonettes constructed to current building regulation            Note 4
standards (common areas)


Key
L2                  Automatic fire detection system with detectors sited in escape routes (including
                    rooms that open on to escape routes) and rooms or areas of high fire risk to
                    occupants, detailed in BS 5839-1

L3                  Automatic fire detection system with detectors sited in escape routes (including
                    rooms that open on to escape routes), detailed in BS 5839-1

Grade A LD2         A fire detection and fire alarm system comprising fire detectors (other than smoke
                    alarms and heat alarms), fire alarm sounders, and control and indicating
                    equipment that either conforms to BS EN 54-2 (and power supply complying with
                    BS EN 54-4) or to Annex C to BS 5839 Part 6.

                    Grade A systems are based on a system (designed for dwellings and based on
                    BS 5839-1 system) with detectors sited in escape routes (including rooms that
                    open on to escape routes) and in rooms or areas that present a high fire risk to
                    occupants, detailed in BS 5839-6


Grade D LD2         A system of one or more mains-powered smoke alarms, each with an integral
                    standby supply. (The system may, in addition, incorporate one or more mains-
                    powered heat alarms, each with an integral standby supply.)

                    Grade D systems are based on an automatic fire detection system (designed for
                    dwellings) based on interconnected mains powered smoke alarms (with battery
                    back-up) with detectors sited in escape routes (including rooms that open on to
                    escape routes) and in rooms or areas that present a high fire risk to occupants,
                    detailed in BS 5839-6

Grade D LD3         An automatic fire detection system (designed for dwellings) based on
                    interconnected mains powered smoke alarms (with battery back-up) with
                    detectors sited in escape routes (including rooms that open on to escape routes),
                    detailed in BS 5839-6


Note 1:
In the case of single self-contained chalet type accommodation a Grade D LD2 or 3 system may be
appropriate.

Note 2:
An individual private dwelling in sheltered accommodation should have a Grade C LD 2 or 3 system
but this need not be connected to the system that covers the common areas. Where the occupants
are mobility impaired to a degree that they would be at high risk in the event of fire; or they suffer from
a disability (e.g. speech impairment) that would preclude communication with the fire and rescue
service, provision of facilities for the automatic transmission of the fire alarm signal to the fire and
rescue service should be considered.

Note 3:
An individual private dwelling should have a Grade D LD2 or LD3 system but his need not be
interconnected with the system that covers the common areas of the building.


       Automatic Fire Detection Guidance For Places Providing Sleeping
                               Accommodation
Issue: 1.0                                                            Page 3
Note 4:
Flats and maisonettes constructed to current building regulations will not require automatic fire
detection in common areas. However, self-contained smoke alarms will normally be fitted within each
accommodation unit.

Note 5:
The outcome of your risk assessment will determine the necessary standard of AFD required, e.g. in
some cases, a BS5839 Part 1 Category L1 system may be appropriate

Note 6:
In Grade C systems, a fault external to the control and indicating equipment, should result in a fault
warning at the control and indicating equipment, or in a fire alarm signal in the dwelling,
Failure or disconnection of the normal power supply should result in an indication at the control and
indicating equipment.




       Automatic Fire Detection Guidance For Places Providing Sleeping
                               Accommodation
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4.     Service Policy


Formal enforcement action should only be considered once the Enforcement
Management Model has been applied, the preferred position is to not formally
enforce at the first instance. The preferred route is the development and
implementation of an agreed action plan. Fire Safety inspectors have the discretion
to issue an Enforcement Notice after considering the fire safety factors, risk to
relevant persons, management, economical situation and attitude of those
responsible (See CFP R1).


On visiting and carrying out an audit of a premises, the responsible person/s should
be asked for the risk assessment. The Inspecting Officer should then ascertain if the
fire alarm system is suitable as advised in HM Government publication “fire safety
risk assessment, sleeping accommodation”.


e.g. below table 1 advises that for all, more complex premises that previously had a
Fire Certificate but had sub-standard warning in case of fire an L2 fire alarm system
should be fitted.


Fire alarm and detection systems are required in the bedrooms of non domestic
premises providing sleeping accommodation (See Table 1). For premises where fire
alarm systems have recently been fitted to BS5839 and the detectors in bedrooms
are heat detectors, advice should be given that the present policy is that SMOKE
detection/alarms are the standard for the protection of life and when further
upgrades/repairs are to be carried out smoke detectors should be utilised.


Whenever fire alarm/detection systems are required to be upgraded other fire safety
provisions such as fire separation, means of escape and management must be
considered against cost/benefit before determining what other detectors/fire alarms
would be appropriate.




       Automatic Fire Detection Guidance For Places Providing Sleeping
                               Accommodation
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5.     Problem

Local Fire and Rescue Service officers are advised that there are some specific
inspection issues for premises providing sleeping accommodation that need to be
considered.


Three scenarios are of particular concern although there may be others that this
guidance can be applied to:

 •   Those, which have previously had a Fire Certificate for a long period and comply
     with the requirements of that certificate even though the standard of the
     “Warning in case of fire” does not meet the requirements of the Fire Safety
     Order and would not be accepted in a newly commissioned premises.

 •   Those premises that have never had or were never required to have a fire
     certificate that now fall under the Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005
     and therefore must provide adequate warning in case of fire.


 •   Those premises where the Fire and Rescue Authority have not previously been
     the enforcing authority and benchmark standards have never been applied

6.     Timescales


For premises that do not have suitable and sufficient warning in case of fire they
should be brought up to the standards advocated in the above table.


The time permitted for completion of the fire alarm system instillation should not
generally exceed 18 months and should not normally be extended for period of time
exceeding 6 months. These time periods are not absolutes and the time allowed to
provide a suitable and sufficient fire alarm and detection system should be balanced
against the perceived severity of the risk.


Times scales should be considered only after application of the principles of the
Enforcement Management Model and should take into account the standards that


       Automatic Fire Detection Guidance For Places Providing Sleeping
                               Accommodation
Issue: 1.0                                                            Page 6
already exist, any extension to the time permitted/agreed to undertake improvements
or remedial work should only be for specific reasons after considering all relevant
circumstances.


     R        H
     i        i
     s        g
     k        h


     s
     e
     v
     e
     r        L
     i        o
              w
     t
     y
         0 Months                       Time                      18 months



The above table depicts the relationship between risk severity and the time that
should be permitted for compliance (informal or formal).

If an agreed action plan was issued in the first instance and the responsible person
has failed to comply without good reason, then an Enforcement Notice should be
issued. The time allowed for the completion of work within the enforcement notice
should not normally exceed 18 months, less the time already expired form the
agreed action plan.


A sufficiently reasonable time should be allowed for work to be undertaken by a
competent contractor, (there is a legal minimum time period, of 28 days as required
by the Fire Safety Order).




       Automatic Fire Detection Guidance For Places Providing Sleeping
                               Accommodation
Issue: 1.0                                                            Page 7

				
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