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Department for World Service / Kenya Programme

                          MONTHLY HIGHLIGHTS August 2008

Kenya won 14 medals in total - five gold, five silver and four bronze - to rank 15th in the
overall medals table and the best in Africa. The team also set a number of Olympic
records. Kenya has a strong tradition in middle and long-distance athletics.
During most part of August students have been on school break. This came after 300
schools have been affected by demonstrations, often causing severe damage to
buildings. Now students are returning.
1300 pastors in the National Pastors Conference organized by the National Council of
Churches in Kenya signed a covenant while SADLY ACCEPTING THAT the Church was
adversely affected by the violence as a result of which the Church in Kenya is hurting
even as the nation hurts, we have also appreciated that ethnic conflicts are normally
complicated by political, economic and social disparities. To ensure ethnic and national
harmony and unity, we undertake to fight against exclusiveness, inequality and inequity
in our churches, families, work places and the nation. We shall work towards the
development of a culture of mutual understanding, tolerance, shared responsibility and
accountability among our Kenyan people.
In addition to the above, there are many inconclusive issues ongoing: succession
debates (and conflicts) especially in the Mount Kenya region; post election crisis
investigation (that should lead to truth and reconciliation). There seem to have been
things that went seriously wrong, including the announcement of the contested election
results, but it is expected that the grand coalition will be able to absorb these problems.
The Kenyan Red Cross reported that there are 25,296 IDPs in 48 IDP camps; the KRCS,
WFP and an interagency assessment noted that there were 99,198 IDPs in 160 transit
sites; the Government reported that 226,187 IDPs had returned to pre-displacement
areas by 18 August.

The main issue that concerns us that the influx of Somali refugees is increasing, at some
200 people per day, but that LWF issued out the last plot to people on the 22 nd. UNHCR
negotiations with government, especially the relevant MPs, are very difficult, the host
community representatives very demanding. If no solution regarding land can be found,
more people, possibly many, need to be transferred to Kakuma. However, with the
present always-worsening situation in Somalia, the kakuma option will always be
IRC, LWF and UNHCR are negotiating the inclusion of the Adult Education and Special
Needs education aspects into the UNHCR/LWF Education component, without increasing

the budget. However, we are looking for additional funds to improve the services to
these needy groups of people.
The ACT appeal for IDPs, post election violence, has yielded a bit more support, and we
are re-visiting those that were left behind in the Teso district after our initial support in
March this year.
Refugee repatriation has practically come to a standstill, because of security and road
conditions in Sudan (rain), but there is a modest influx of some 650 people. Despite
that, the people that have left for the Sudan are leaving a void behind especially
regarding the Turkana people that gave up their nomad lives and grouped around the
camp for many years, growing dependant. So some of the Turkana people are becoming
quite vocal in their complains, and want LWF to do more to help these people, despite
LWF already working in the Turkana area (DCA/DANIDA). We are now going to establish
a “Joint Reference Group” that includes representatives of all groups of the population.
The two Lutheran Churches in Kenya are getting closer together and LWF is involved
helping to establish the “LWF Kenya National Committee”, a true dream is coming
The CEAS (Church Ecumenical Action in Sudan) EXCOM have installed a Partner Support
Group to help deal with some of the problems that CEAS is facing. LWF is part of that
Several visitors came to see our program and discuss opportunities: the BPRM Principle
Deputy Commissioner Sam Witten was here and we met; from FCA Maritta Niskanen-
Tamiru came to see us at our Nairobi office; we had lunch with Andrew Hinderlie of
ELCA; Michael Kauder of LWR came to see us in all our locations.

Staff growth & development:
Jack Kisero promoted from Procurement Assistant to Procurement Officer.
Joseph Oduor confirmed in position of Transport Supervisor.
Staff welfare:
Health talk on Cervical Cancer. 22nd Aug 08
Establishment of Staff Representative Council. 15th Aug 08.
3rd Quarterly Trustees meeting: 20th Aug 08. Trustees from Kakuma attended meeting.
Pension dues for 12 ex-staff members processed
Staff training:
Office orderly attending psychomotor skills training.
Transport supervisor training on defensive skills driving
Management meetings:
       JMT meeting held 30th July to 1st Aug 08 at Outspan Nyeri.
       MT meeting held on 12th Aug 08.
ADMINISTRATION On – going Highlights:
       Administration departmental meeting: 15th Aug 08
       CEAS moving into LWF offices: 25th Aug 08.
       Facilitating guest visits through booking of flights, accommodation and transfers.

The separation of reporting for Kenya & Sudan is working well & systems are in place.
The monthly reporting is up to date & the finance staff are now concentrating on normal
duties & reconciliation of accounts.

As we head towards the last quarter of the year, Finance is involved in the revision of
budgets, & there is more concentration on the budget monitoring & end of year
Sarah, the Finance Manager was on leave during the second half of August, & The
Deputy Finance Manager was acting on her behalf.

In the month of August LWF with UNHCR sub Office at Kakuma carried out a mid year
budget revision based on the outcome of the Annual Operations Review. The Refugee
Program Manager from Nairobi joined Kakuma staff in this exercise.

WFP initiated computer assisted photo verification exercise for food collectors which
started on 1st of August 2008 in one Food Distribution Centre, (FDC 1) beneficiaries
were checked before collecting the food ration. The exercise was repeated in the FDC 3
in the 2nd cycle of August. The exercise however was relatively slow and the distribution
took 6 days to complete as opposed to the usual 4 days.
The camp population during the month of August stood at 50,838 (29,226 male, 21,612
female). At the Reception Centre, 643 (368 male and275 female) new asylum seekers
were received. Out of 643, 140 were referrals from Nairobi and 3 were from Sudan
(Darfur region) coming through Kenya – Sudan boarder.
Baseline situation update for 2008, begun during the period under review, in readiness
for the upcoming planning for 2009. Schools finalized their first term examinations and
closed for the August recess on 8th of August, 2008. Month of August LWF Education
sector carried out preparations for opening of schools.
 With the scaling down of the repatriation activities, only one road movement was
    organized for Sudanese refugees. Mobilization of returnees to the departure centre
    was done three days prior to their travel. In the course of the month, a total of 69
    (31 male and 38 female) returnees were repatriated to Equitoria region in Sudan.
 In the Education sector, schools finalized the end of term examinations and closed
    for the August recess on 8th of August, 2008. 6 days induction training was
    conducted for all the preschool teaching staff between 4 th and 9th of September. 47
    teachers were in attendance. 1074 out of the Registered 1328 Standard 8 candidates
    sat for Turkana North District KCPE Mock Exams as from 23 rd to 25th of July. The
    Exam is used as a tool by both the candidates and the teachers to assess the level of
    the final exam preparedness and determine remedial needs.
 The food basket for both cycles of April 2008 was stable and remained the same
    with all the commodities being distributed at the standard rates of 2,101.25
    kilocalories per person per day from WFP commodities. UNHCR boosted the
    kilocalories by including green grams in the basket as complimentary food which has
    an additional 136 kilocalories totaling to 2237.25 kilocalories per person per day.
    Soap was also provided.
 Four pre-coordination meetings for food distribution that precede the distribution
    cycles were held to discuss various key issues among them; the computer assisted
    photo verification in FDP 1, food matters including the observations made in the last
    distribution, food basket and pipeline situations as well as card related issues were

   In the course of the month LWF Community Services Sector opened a shop for 4
    vulnerable women to sell cold drinks. A deep freezer and ten crates of sodas were
    provided to the women as start of capital. One of the beneficiaries is HIV positive
    and a survivor of SGBV, one physically handicapped while 2 are single mothers. The
    business picked up fast and over the reporting period 17 crates, 6 bottles of water
    were sold for Ksh 20,700. The profit made after the sales was shared to the women
    on weekly basis to improve their living standards. When sharing the profit, the
    women didn’t hide their joy and said that their life had changed for better. In
    addition, they can now supplement their food and other basic things unlike in the
    past when they were idle in the community.
   In the course of the month, 6 unaccompanied minors (2 boys and 4 girls) were
    received by LWF at the reception centre. After an intensive Best Interest
    Determination (BID) assessment was conducted, these children were fostered to
    four new foster families and one existing foster family.
   The Unit conducted joint peace and security committee meeting. The meeting was
    well attended by both the members from the host and refugee community. The
    government was represented by the District Officer (D.O) and the OCS. Once again
    the insecurity in the camp and host community came out clearly and the members
    discussed objectively. The meeting was informed that the bandits carrying attacks in
    the camp came from other location outside kakuma area and therefore it was agreed
    that all the chiefs of the location surrounding Kakuma should be invited and included
    in the joint peace and security committee meetings.
   LWF facilitated an integrated learning trip for a girl’ football team to Nairobi. 24
    participants benefited from this activity (22 players, 1 matron and 1 coach). The
    objective of the trip was to provide the girls with the opportunity to share their ideas
    and experiences with girls from diverse cultural backgrounds with a view to influence
    their identity, perception and aspirations in life
   LWF supplied water to the refugees and institutions in the camp as a basic right
    through a community-based approach. The average amount of water supplied per
    day from 21st July 2008 to 20th August 2008 (31 days) was 26.5 l/p/d. This was an
    increase from 25.5l/p/day due to the reduced population from 51,006 in July to
    50,838 in August.
   LWF staff establishment in Kakuma during August 2008 stood at 140 (90 male and
    50 female), 934(683 male and 251 female) incentive workers and 128 (74 Males and
    54Females) casual workers, which is a total labour force of 1,174.

The month of August received no rains in the project area despite most of the country
still had the long rains ongoing. Drought continued to hit Turkana and many pastoralist
moved across the borders in search of water and pasture. This movement also makes
them more vulnerable to attacks from other communities across the border.
1. Water supply and management
The bids for the drilling 4 boreholes tender were opened in Nairobi and the final decision
and signings of the contract to carry out the works is still being awaited.
Water supply works for Lopwarin School commenced and so far is going on as planned.
The making of the culverts was completed and digging of the well is ongoing. Two
10,000 litre storage tanks for the school were delivered.

The process of identifying a contractor for the repair of 5 hand pumps is ongoing.
Assesment of Moruangbuin and Naduat water pans was done. It was found that they
need repairs on the collection trenches to allow for water to flow in.
2. Peace building and conflict resolution
Three (3) peace meetings were held in Ngikwakais, Nayanaemeyan and Letea and 150
[78 were women] peace committee members participated. The meetings discussed the
new peace structures that the government is putting in place. The participants in all the
three meeting agreed that the idea was noble because all the peace initiatives would be
managed less than one structure and therefore reduce duplication. They proposed
peace training should initially focus the divisional peace committee and then come down
to location, then to sub-location or Adakar
There were increased incidences of livestock raids during the months with at least 17
people reportedly killed and hundreds of animals stolen especially on the Sudan border.
On the Uganda side 10 Turkana lost there lives as the Uganda People’s Defence Force
(UPDF) attacked a village grazing inside Uganda. They also drove away more than 400
livestock. This is in response to a delayed higher intergovernmental meeting that is
supposed to take place between Kenya and Uganda. There has been laxity for the Kenya
Government to organize this meeting at Ministerial and higher level, which Uganda is
demanding to harmonize the disarmament exercise. A worse scenario would have
occurred had it not been for the previous cross border meetings.
3. Livestock care and management
A meeting was held with Namon livestock user’s youth group on establishment of a
community drug store for the Namon community. They identified the site for the drug
store and a list of the essential drugs for starting was drawn.
The procurement of the second batch of PPR vaccines is still under process and the bids
for to supply were opened in Nairobi during the month. Authorization from the
government to utilize the already procured vaccines is still being awaited so that the
vaccination campaigns can start next month.
4. Skills training and micro enterprises
Two follow up meetings were held with four IGA (Income generating activities) groups
at Kalobeyei and Naduat. The objective was to do a follow-up of the training which the
participants attended and to assist the groups refine their business proposals for support
by LWF.
Three, 2 days workshops were conducted in Kakuma, Natamakaruo and Namon.
Sixty(60) participants (38 of them women) benefited from the training. The training
covered group dynamics, leadership and empowerment with an objective of equipping
them with skills and knowledge of initiating and managing an income generation project.
As an outcome of the training the groups are expected to come up with proposals for
support from LWF.
Livestock traders training
Three, 2 day workshops were conducted for livestock traders in kakuma, Lokangae and
Naduat. A total of 90 traders benefited from the training as follows
       Area                       Number of participants
       Kakuma                     30(7 women)
       Lokangae                   30(11 women)
       Naduat                     30 (7 women)
The purpose of the training was to enhance the livestock traders skills and knowledge to be
able to exploit the existing opportunities in livestock trade to improve their incomes and at

the same ensuring they observe all the legalities as laid down in the law(veterinary act) and
that their activities don’t contribute to livestock diseases spread. The training covered the
following areas:
Basics of disease surveillance
 Legal requirements in livestock marketing.
 Livestock markets (local and international) and how to access them
 Improving output and productivity by observing livestock health and husbandry
 Finance and financial management
 Record keeping (Livestock records)
 Branding
After the training, the traders requested that some of their members be considered for
community animal health training.
Capacity Building
20 [10girls] students were recruited and started computer training Don Bosco within the
refugee camp. The training commenced on the 25th August, 2008. LWF is paying the
tuition for the students.
5. HIV/AIDS Awareness:
One 4-day workshop for teachers and school management committee on HIV /Aids
programme was conducted whereby 13 participants [1 female] benefited from this
training. They were drawn from the 3 schools targeted under this program i.e.
Kalobeiyei, Lopur and Makutano. The objective of the training was to equip participants
with knowledge and skills on HIV/Aids. The teachers are then expected to transfer/teach
the learnt skills to the pupils of their schools who will in return be the trainers of their
peers. The training covered facts about HIV/Aids, Nutrition, behaviour change, life skills,
critical thinking, decision making, VCT etc. At the end of the workshop, a detailed plan
of action was developed on how the behavioural change project will be implemented in
the participating schools.
In the month the project hosted visits from: The Development Project Officer who
visited the project and to preparing for peer review activities. She took time to review
project activities and budgets.
Country Representative visited kakuma to hold a meeting with the host community
leaders who had written to him about some concerns they had.
Church of Sweden project officer (Sophia) visited the project for the normal monitoring.
Lutheran World Relief program officer (Martin) visited the project to familiarize himself
with its activities.
There was also a joint management meeting retreat in Nyeri, Kenya where the senior
LWF management team met to share on field activities and shared programme policies
and the latest developments within LWF.

Intense fighting in Somali causes more spontaneous arrivals
Security situation in Somali has been reportedly worsened, driving thousands towards
Kenyan border to seek asylum. ICC Militia has seized the town of Kisimayu, dealing a
blow to Somali government and worsening humanitarian situation. Many human bodies
were reported to litter the town. Emergency influx has been seen arriving in hired pick
ups and some board pubic transport to Dagahaley camp for registration. Some of them
arrive with gunshot wounds.

Between 1st and 26th August 2008, 4376 new arrivals had been registered and 2820
were still awaiting registration. This is far beyond 4350, which is the average monthly
new registration since January 2008. Therefore, camp population has therefore shot to
210,503; consisting of 20% increment as from January this year- 96% being Somali
Emergency budget for Dagahaley and New Camp Site
With more spontaneous arrivals expected and with no more available space to settle
them in the existing camps, UNHCR is moving fast in negotiating for additional land with
relevant authorities. All agencies were also asked by UNHCR to prepare and submit two
emergency budgets for the remaining part of 2008 and 2009.
 The 1st one was towards service extensions in Dagahaley camp, where the UNHCR
     proposes to receive and settle over 40,000 new arrivals between July and Dec 2008.
     UNHCR is at an advanced stage of acquiring additional space (extension area) at
 The 2nd one is towards the establishment of a new Camp Site, where UNHCR plans
     to settle over 80,000 (60,000 new arrivals and 20,000 decongestion cases) between
     Jan and Dec 2009. LWF/DWS Dadaab proposed to carry out all their current
     activities in the new camp in the proposals. LWF also remained open to
     accommodating more activities if UNHCR requested.
 However, IPs are concerned that the emergency budget is not covering
     establishment costs. Yet, the remaining period may not be enough to attract
     funding for establishments given that the new camp is not going to be covered by
     annual UNHCR Grant.
Refugee Election
Official date for refugee leaders’ election has been set to be on 9 th October 2008 by
Ministry of Migration, Office of Commissioner for Refugees. Coordination for election is
jointly done by DRA, UNHCR and LWF. Other IPs has been actively involved in
supporting the election in terms of logistics, personnel and technical aspects.
Project Implementations activities
 Dagahaley refugee camp remains the busiest camp, with large number of new
     arrivals coming for registration and settlement. LWF facilitated and enhanced
     UNHCR capacity during reception, registration, caring/assisting refugees at the
     transit centre, distribution of shelter sticks and settlement at the sites.
 LWF intensified demarcation and allocation of plots to new arrivals. A total 936 plots
     from 8 blocks were surveyed, demarcated and allocated to 4015 new arrivals.
     However, the activity came to a halt 22nd August 2008; when there was no more
     space. After registrations, the new arrivals are asked to live with their relatives. But
     many live and cook under trees in open area, and sleep in the cold because they
     have nowhere to go.
 Five days popularization campaign on Community Policing was conducted in all the
     three camps simultaneously. This is intended to improve refugee capacity to deal
     with their own security, especially with regards to monitoring and reporting of
     security incidences.
 Weekly and monthly documentation and reporting of security incidences continued.
     Community prefer LWF to others (UNHCR and Police) when it comes to reporting of
     security incidences. The refugee mostly report to LWF through their community
     leaders and CPSTs

  Road improvement activity got a boost during the month with the support from
   UNHCR earthwork machine and acceptance by the refugee community. There is
   minimal resistance to road clearance after the first road was done, which served as
   a pilot project. The community appreciates the exercise which is currently underway
   in Hagadera.
 Construction of accommodation facilities are going on at Hagadera and Dagahaley
   LWF compounds. IFO accommodation construction has been postponed until
   approval of BPRM budget. Mesh/Kitchen at Dadaab was completed, officially handed
   over and operational.
Missions, Baseline survey, Work plans and Budget review
 LWF/DWS hosted Mr. Michael Kauder from LWR in USA, who was on familiarization
   visit in Dadaab to confirm and comment on the activities that were proposed on
   BPRM proposal. He was accompanied by Refugee Programme Manager, who was
   among other things on regular project monitoring and support.
 Work plans and Budgets were revised for the remaining period of 2008. this was
   facilitated by Refugee Programme officer and Programme coordinator for CoS
   Somali programme who were on mission
 Baseline survey was successful done in two camps, IFo and Dagahaley, to assess
   the current situation of the LWF sectors and obtain community’s recommendations
   for the way forward. This was intended to identified challenges and gaps for 2009


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