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7 Conservation and Education Measures

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					Secretary of State’s Standards of Modern Zoo Practice
7. Conservation and Education Measures     Last updated: September 2004

7. Conservation and Education Measures
(See also Appendix 1 – The EC Zoos Directive and Appendix 3 –
Conservation and Education)

7.1 Long recognised as an important feature of UK zoos, conservation and
education became subject to legislative control in the UK when the EC Zoos
Directive came into force. The Directive made it a formal statutory requirement
for the first time that zoos implement the following measures:

   a) participating in research from which conservation benefits accrue to the
      species, and/or training in relevant conservation skills, and/or the
      exchange of information relating to species conservation and/or, where
      appropriate, captive breeding, repopulation or reintroduction of species
      into the wild and;

   b) promoting public education and awareness in relation to the conservation
      of biodiversity, particularly by providing information about the species
      exhibited and their natural habitats.

7.2 These requirements, referred to as conservation and education measures
respectively, have been transposed into domestic legislation (the Zoo Licensing
Act 1981 as amended) and are further explained below.

7.3 In addition to these statutory requirements, as a general principle zoos
should establish ethical review processes and, where appropriate, seek
appropriate help in planning and implementing their conservation and education
strategies.

(See Appendix 2 – Ethical Review Process)


Conservation Measures Within And Beyond The Zoo
7.4 The Directive requires that zoos undertake conservation measures and gives
a number of options for doing so. The options given in the Directive for
conservation measures are:
   • participating in research from which conservation benefits accrue to the
      species, and/or;
   • training in relevant conservation skills, and/or;
   • the exchange of information relating to species conservation and/or;
   • where appropriate, captive breeding, repopulation or reintroduction of
      species into the wild.




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Secretary of State’s Standards of Modern Zoo Practice
7. Conservation and Education Measures     Last updated: September 2004

7.5 Zoos must therefore undertake, as a minimum, at least one of these options.
The measures required should be proportionate to the size and type of the zoo.

7.6 Where the relevant species are held, a zoo must be an active participant in
recognised species management programmes.

7.7 Zoos should be able to demonstrate their conservation measures, including
research if undertaken. Areas to be examined will include overall conservation
policy, and how this relates to the World Zoo and Aquarium Conservation
Strategy, and type and level of input into international conservation programmes.

7.8 Zoos should generally be able to demonstrate that they encourage research.
Research can be developed through forging links with Higher Education
Institutions. Full details of such projects should be available on request.

7.9 In any research carried out, care must be taken to comply with all relevant
legislation and be subject to ethical review.


Education Measures
7.10 The Directive requires that zoos must promote public education and
awareness in relation to the conservation of biodiversity, particularly by providing
information about the species exhibited and their natural habitats. The measures
required should be proportionate to the size and type of the zoo.

7.11 A zoo must have a written education strategy and an active education
programme.

7.12 Suitable facilities, commensurate to the size of the zoo, should be
available for education purposes.

7.13 Accurate information about the species exhibited must be available.
Generally, this should include, as a minimum, the species name (both scientific
and common), its natural habitat, some of its biological characteristics and details
of its conservation status.

7.14 Other areas to be examined include:
   • the educational role of the zoo as set out in any mission statement;
   • how the written education plan applies to different sections of the zoo’s
      visitors.




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