Postmodernism And Architecture - DOC by zhucezhao

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									Postmodernism And Architecture

Word Count:
519

Summary:
What is postmodernism? Are the postmodern characteristics still apparent
in contemporary architectural design? According to scholars,
"Postmodernism, by definition resists definition". If postmodernism is
then difficult to be defined, on what principles can one judge if
postmodernism in architecture is in still emerging? Postmodernism in its
regional/vernacular forms reflects neighborhood culture. Some argue that
postmodernism is a reaction to the forces of "creative destruct...


Keywords:
Postmodernism, Arts, Architects, Culture


Article Body:
What is postmodernism? Are the postmodern characteristics still apparent
in contemporary architectural design? According to scholars,
"Postmodernism, by definition resists definition". If postmodernism is
then difficult to be defined, on what principles can one judge if
postmodernism in architecture is in still emerging? Postmodernism in its
regional/vernacular forms reflects neighborhood culture. Some argue that
postmodernism is a reaction to the forces of "creative destruction." But
it can be a tool for those powers as well. The end of the assembly line,
created by the instant flexibility of computer technology, means that in
this post-Fordist world people can all have a unique, neighborhood
specific thing, as well as having the same reference.

Evaluating and categorizing architects according to styles, periods,
theoretical backgrounds, and philosophical ideas, from Itkinos and
Brunelleschi, to Borromini and Le Corbusier, is a very challenging
process that requires a deep understanding of the key elements that
influence the architects' design. What appears though to be a constant
value in this type of analysis, is that the evolution of architecture,
from the period of the Greek civilization (Parthenon in Athens 447-433
BC), to the present day's Santiago Calatrava's projects, signifies that
the architect's pursuit for the myriad idea of beauty is actually a
leitmotif of his/her past influences.

Postmodernism is differentiated from other cultural forms by its emphasis
on fragmentation which replaces the alienation of the subject that
characterized modernism. Postmodernism is concerned with all surface, no
substance. There is a loss of the center. Postmodernist works are often
characterized by a lack of depth; a flatness. Individuals are no longer
anomic, because there is nothing from which one can sever ties. The
liberation from the anxiety which characterized anomie may also mean
liberation from every other kind of feeling as well. This is not to say
that the cultural products of the postmodern era are utterly devoid of
feeling, but rather that such feelings are now free-floating and
impersonal. Also distinctive of the late capitalist age is
postmodernism's focus on commodification and the recycling of old images
and commodities.

In architecture, postmodernism, in its regional or vernacular forms,
reflects neighborhood culture. In this way, it can function as a tool in
class struggle and can probably be used by any player in the struggle.
Thus, postmodernism when examined as a resistive force is closely linked
to the historic preservationists. In trying to maintain the collective
memory of a place the postmodernist agenda can be used in a way that is
antithetical to the forces. Public or private partnerships that wipe out
neighborhoods can use the postmodern vocabulary in their new ventures.
Neighborhoods can hope to have at best just a mere palimpsest of a memory
of what they were in the past.

One day perhaps, neuroscience will explain why some infrastructures seem
to reach far beyond their physicaldimensions. But one does not need to
wait for that explanation in order to experience their postmodern orpost-
postmodern effect. It turns out that bodies, buildings, streets and
cities are still useful for certain things inthe global age of digital
information. People are only beginning to uncover how they work.

								
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