Beginning_In_Photography__Choosing_The_Right_Lens

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					Beginning In Photography: Choosing The Right Lens

Word Count:
637

Summary:
There is a dizzying array of choices when it comes   to choosing lenses for
SLR cameras. From wide angle to telephoto, zoom to   prime lenses, fish
eye, fast lenses, wide aperture lenses, the choice   seems to be
impossible. It’s not really. What it comes down to   is asking yourself a
simple question: What do I want to shoot?

Different Lenses for Different Subjects

If you are just beginning in photography, chances are you are still
experimenting and finding out what you like t...


Keywords:
photography, photo, photos, taking, advice, hobby, hobbies, equipment,
technical, guide, tutorial,


Article Body:
There is a dizzying array of choices when it comes   to choosing lenses for
SLR cameras. From wide angle to telephoto, zoom to   prime lenses, fish
eye, fast lenses, wide aperture lenses, the choice   seems to be
impossible. It’s not really. What it comes down to   is asking yourself a
simple question: What do I want to shoot?

Different Lenses for Different Subjects

If you are just beginning in photography, chances are you are still
experimenting and finding out what you like to shoot. You might shoot a
few family portraits one day and landscapes from your holidays the next.
On the other hand, you may have decided right from the start that you
love taking photos of wild animals and this is all you want to do. Either
way, the lenses required to get the best out of these subjects differ
greatly. To fit an expansive landscape image into your viewfinder, you
would need a wide angle lens. However, trying to take a portrait with the
same lens would result in a tiny little person and not much else in the
frame unless you are right in that person’s face and smelling their
breath. While trying to take a picture of a wild bear from 100 or more
meters away is just impossible (and you really don’t want to get any
closer to a wild bear). In a perfect world you would have 3 different
lenses for each of these subjects. But in a perfect world you’d also be a
millionaire and be able to afford them all. So the thing to do is to
decide what type of photography interests you and choose your lenses
accordingly.

Length: Zoom versus Prime
There are benefits to using both zoom lenses and prime (fixed or non
zoom) lenses. On one hand, zoom lenses are versatile, and reduce the need
for a whole bag full of lenses that you need to change and change again
while you are out shooting. On the other hand, a good quality prime lens
can be gold. Prime lenses, if they are well built, generally produce a
crisper, better quality image. This is because they have fewer pieces of
glass and moveable parts. Therefore the light coming in doesn’t need to
pass through as many objects and so is less diffused. The other great
advantage of prime lenses is that because of this, they tend to be
“faster” than zoom lenses. Practically, this means that you can use
slower shutter speeds as the lens needs less light to create a correct
exposure. This is especially useful if you want to take portraits with
available light.

Aperture

Another important factor to consider when choosing your lens is its
maximum aperture. This is indicated in the description by an f symbol.
Eg. f/2.8. The lower this number, the wider your aperture choices. For
example, if you want to take a portrait with only your subject’s facial
features in focus, you would use a wide aperture. If you want to take a
sweeping landscape where everything needs to be in focus you would use a
narrow (high number) aperture. Selecting a lens with a wider aperture
gives you more options when out shooting.

It is well known that lenses can cost as much, or more, than cameras
themselves. It is also worth noting that with lenses you get what you pay
for. While no piece of equipment can singularly make the difference
between a good photo and a bad one, a well built lens using quality
glass, can lead to sharper pictures. Therefore it is worth considering
the lenses you buy carefully and investing in the best quality you can
afford. Knowing what sort of photography you want to pursue can make this
process a whole lot less daunting and more cost effective.

				
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