How do students learn to solve problems to develop conceptual by dalmatian

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									                                How do students learn to solve problems to develop conceptual
                                                 understanding of a subject?
                                                 Towfiq Majumder, Peer Leader, The City College of New York


                      Hypothesis                                     Experiment (Pair Problem-Solving)                                            Conclusion
    If students were to pair up in to two and switch            • Students in the workshop are placed into pairs.            After students performed the pair
    roles in which one is a listener and the other is           • In each pair one of the students is the problem            problem solving method most of them
    the problem-solver (Narode, 2000) and abide the                                                                          were highly motivated to put problems
                                                                solver and the other is the listener.
    conventions of the pair-problem solving method                                                                           on the board. The students learned
    there will be more communication among the                  • The role of the problem solver is to read the
                                                                problem to the other student and commence to                 from their mistake and also received
    group members which creates more collaborative
    learning   and    the    knowledge     would  be            develop thoughts in solving the problem.                     varieties of ways in solving a problem
    appropriately learned by the students.                                                                                   from their peers.
                                                                • The problem solver does all the talking and
                                                                organizing his thought in solving the problem to
                                                                explain to the listener.
                  Literature Review                             • The listener role is to listen meticulously,
                                                                encourage verbalization, ask for clarification, and
• The problem-solving method or cooperative problem-
                                                                check for accuracy.
solving was developed by Lochhead and Whimbey (1987).
This effective model builds students’ analytical reasoning      • The listener has no play in talking or giving any
skills. In doing so it helps them practice the concept with     ideas to the problem-solver.
great understanding. (Caruso and Tudge, 1989)                   • Each student in a pair takes turns in playing the                                      Implication
• Cooperative problem-solving is an effective way to help       problem solver- and the listener when it comes into       •Dr. Wayne W. Dyer, a prominent author and speaker
students learn their materials efficiently. This involves       solving problems.                                         in the field of self-development, distinguishes
exchanges of conceptions between students which help            • Peer Leader moves from one pair to another pair of      between inspiration and motivation. He believes
them enhance their learning and understanding of the            students for assistance.                                  motivation is an idea where we get a hold of an idea
material. Research shows that cooperative problem                                                                         and carry through on that idea; for example a highly
solving method also improves students’ cognitive                                                                          motivated person takes an idea, pursues it and won’t
development and learning. (Caruso and Tudge, 1989)
                                                                                           Results                        let any obstacles interfere with him/her. On the other
                                                                          I have observed that my group members were      hand, inspiration is the opposite. It is when an idea
• Cooperative problem solving reflects on Piaget’s theory                 seating apart and there was very low
of social interaction. Piaget’s theory states that it is                                                                  gets hold of you and carries you where you are
                                                                          communication before                            proposed to go. (Dyer, 2006)
highly necessary for collaboration among peers because          I initiated the pair problem solving. After the pair
it conveys different perspective from others in order to                                                                  •After watching Dr. Wayne W. Dyer’s lectures I have
                                                                problem solving method was initiated students were
improve their development of learning. (Caruso and                                                                        acknowledged that as a peer leader I am an
                                                                motivated to participate.
Tudge, 1989)                                                                                                              inspiration to my group members to learn the
• Psychologists based their research on Piaget’s theory                                                                   material appropriately. This acknowledgment was
and have found that students who worked in pairs tend to                           Discussion                             successful because of the effective model of pair-
do learn efficiently because there is a variety of            • After pairing up the students and advising them to        problem solving which has made a crucial impact in
perspectives among the students. Also those very              follow the pair-problem solving method, the group as a      creating a more collaborative and motivated group.
students are able to solve complex problems than              whole developed good communication skills.                  (Dyer, 2006)
students who tend to work individually. (Caruso and           • The students possessed the necessary attitude to
Tudge, 1989)                                                  develop good communication among each other: trusting,
• Cooperative problem solving method relates to               open, empathic and honest. These attitudes have
Vygotsy’s theory on social development. Vygotsky              allowed the students to engage in working in pairs and                                       References
emphasized people’s connection with the cultural context      able to learn in solving problems and understanding         Anonymous (2000). Thinking Aloud Pair Problem Solving (TAPPS). URL:
                                                                                                                          http://www.wcer.wisc.edu/ARCHIVE/CL1/CL/doingcl/tapps.htm. Downloaded on April
in which they act and interact in shared experiences.         concepts.                                                   21, 2006.
According to Vygotsky’s theory, teachers and students         • Social interaction between people is very crucial
should work collaboratively instead of the teacher            because it bring about different perspectives which         Caruso, D.,Tudge, J. (1989). Cooperative Problem-Solving in the Classroom. URL:
dictating the material to them. Also according to his         reflect back to Piaget’s theory on cognitive development.
                                                                                                                          http://www.ericdigests.org/pre-9213/cooperative.htm. Downloaded on April 21, 2006.

theory the classroom itself would become a community of       In this case students were exposed to different methods
learning if there were smaller groups and the seating of
                                                                                                                          Dyer, W. Dr. (2006). Interview with New Age Retailer by Ray Hemachandra. URL:
                                                              and techniques in solving a problem.                        http://www.drwaynedyer.com/articles/new_age.php. Downloaded on April 23, 2006
the students were clustered. (Riddle, 2002)
                                                              • In my workshop I had only six students so there was
                                                              more attention and everyone felt very comfortable in        Narode, R. (2000). Pair Problem-Solving: An Effective Model for Learning.
                                                                                                                          Progressions, Vol.1, # 3 (pp. 8-9).
                                                              participating. This idea was based on Vygotsky’s theory
                                                              on social development.                                      Riddle, E. (2002). Lev Vygotsky’s Social Development Theory.
                                                                                                                          URL:http://chd.gmu.edu/immersion/knowledgebase/theorists/constructivism/vygotsky.h
                                                                                                                          tm. Downloaded on April 21, 2006

								
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