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Internal displacement and peace mediation

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					74                                                     REGULARS                                                                            FMR33




     Internal displacement
     and peace mediation
     Andrew Solomon

     The need to protect the rights of persons displaced by                              may elect to include substantive
     conflict and find durable solutions to their displacement is                        provisions in the main text of the
                                                                                         agreement or in an associated
     inextricably linked to achieving a viable, sustainable peace.                       protocol. Either approach can work
     No realistic plan for peace and            develop a framework for integrating      depending on the specific context.
     reconciliation should ignore the           internal displacement into the peace     However, mediators should ensure
     rights and interests of IDPs. Failure      process. This framework should           inclusion of the following elements:
     to consult with IDPs, address their        comprise two elements: 1) a core         1) clear definitions pertaining to
     needs or find solutions to their           mission statement that identifies        internal displacement, 2) stipulation
     displacement through a peace process       the needs of IDPs, and 2) the legal      to respect displacement-specific
     and agreement can stir tensions, affect    and policy foundations for the           human rights and protection under
     post-conflict politics and challenge       participation of IDPs in the peace       international humanitarian law, 3)
     ongoing peace-building efforts.            process. These foundations can be        incorporation of IDP interests in a
                                                drawn from the Guiding Principles on     manner acceptable to the parties,
     To assist mediators and their teams        Internal Displacement, international     4) obligations of the parties vis-
     better understand the rights, needs        humanitarian and human rights            à-vis internal displacement, and
     and interests of IDPs and to provide       law, and national legislation and        5) a clear implementation process
     them with practical guidance               policy. Grounding IDP interests          that involves roles for IDPs.
     on how best to devise processes            and rights within this framework,
     that address these interests in a          and linking them to the Guiding          The Guide for Mediators is being
     meaningful fashion, the Brookings-         Principles in particular, can help all   published by the United States
     Bern Project on Internal Displacement      those involved in a peace process to     Institute for Peace as part of its
     has developed a new resource,              view the situation of displacement       Peacemaker’s Toolkit Series1 and
     Integrating Internal Displacement in       through an objective lens and shield     will then be disseminated to
     Peace Processes and Peace Agreements:      it from political manipulation.          mediators and others involved
     A Guide for Mediators. This Guide                                                   in resolving conflicts that have
     sets out four steps for mediators          Step 3: Engage IDPs in the peace         triggered internal displacement. A
     to consider at the outset of a peace       process. Mediators should decide         CD-ROM resource kit with reference
     process. Each step discusses the           how to consult IDPs and how these        materials, case studies and texts of
     key issues related to situations of        consultations relate to the overall      peace agreements and international
     displacement that may arise while          mediator-led peace process. IDP          instruments such as the Guiding
     planning and conducting a mediator-        consultations can take place as a        Principles on Internal Displacement
     led peace process. The four steps are:     stand-alone process or they can          will accompany the Guide.
                                                be linked to the mediation process
     Step 1: Assess the causes, dynamics        itself. In deciding upon a specific      Andrew Solomon (asolomon@
     and characteristics of internal            consultative process, mediators          brookings.edu) is the Deputy
     displacement. Mediators should             will need to ascertain the views         Director of the Brookings-Bern
     invest the time and resources              of the parties to the peace process      Project on Internal Displacement
     necessary to understand the nature         on consultations with the IDPsin         and a Fellow in Foreign Policy
     and patterns of internal displacement,     addition to the willingness and          at the Brookings Institution.
     along with the characteristics             capacity of the IDP community
     of specific IDP groups and any             to participate in the process.           The Project’s earlier publication
     leadership structures that may             Mediators should ensure they             Addressing Internal Displacement in
     exist. Links that IDPs may have to         consult with IDPs who are credible       Peace Processes, Peace Agreements
     parties to the conflict should also        representatives of the community,        and Peace-Building is online
     be identified. This understanding          including women’s associations.          at http://www.brookings.edu/
     will help mediators to avoid the                                                    reports/2007/09peaceprocesses.aspx
     pitfall of thinking of IDPs as one         Step 4: Integrate the rights and
                                                                                         1. http://www.usip.org/resources/core-conflict-
     homogenous bloc, and to ascertain          interests of IDPs in the peace           management-resources
     how IDPs may affect the peace              agreement. In doing this, mediators
     process either positively or negatively.

     Step 2: Create a framework for
     integrating internal displacement.                     Brookings-Bern Project
     Once mediators have assessed the
     displacement situation, they need to
                                                           on Internal Displacement

				
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