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The Red Cross Emblem
The Red Cross Emblem
tivity em nal ac Embl ditio Cross Ad ed TheR The red cross emblem – a red cross with arms of equal length on a white background – is one of the most recognised symbols in the world. It is a unique protective symbol, use of which is governed by international and national law. This activity is designed to help girls understand more about the emblem and how it is used. Facts about the emblem It is one of the most recognised symbols in the world, use of which is governed by international and national law. It serves two separate purposes: 1. As a PROTECTIVE device – it is used to protect sick and wounded victims of armed conflict, and those officially authorised to care for them. 2. As an INDICATIVE device – it is used to indicate that the person or object on which it is displayed is connected with the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement. It should then bear additional wording to explain that link. The British Red Cross uses the emblem with the words ‘British Red Cross’ as shown top left of this page. This is referred to as ‘the marque’. It is an example of an indicative device. Changing the World > The Power of Humanity > The Red Cross Emblem 2 Activity one: individual and group Emblem spotting follow-up activity Ask girls to keep an eye out for the three emblems – red cross, red crescent and red crystal. Encourage them to make a note of where they see it, take a photo if they can, keep a newspaper cutting or print out the image from a website. Ask them to be vigilant for misuses. Each girl can bring in their most surprising example – it could be a possible misuse or a particularly dramatic image. As a group, look at the examples and discuss which are misuses of the emblem. If you find any, or if there are uses you aren’t sure about, email the education team at firstname.lastname@example.org or write to the address: Power of Humanity, schools and community education, British Red Cross, 44 Moorfields, London EC2Y 9AL We will inform our lawyer who prevents misuse of the emblem and try to let you know what happens to your case. True or false? Red Cross emblem questions See if you can work out whether the following statements are true or false: See if you can find out the answers to the following questions: > The symbol of the red cross means don’t shoot in any language 1. Why do we have a red crescent and a red crystal > It is illegal to put up a red cross emblem as a decoration emblem? > Doctors and nurses wear red crosses in war because they are there to help all 2. When were they ‘adopted’? the wounded and the red cross indicates that they should be protected 3. Which countries use these other emblems? > The red cross emblem is the Swiss flag inverted 4. What is the meaning behind each of the emblems? Is it > The red crescent emblem has the same meaning as the red cross emblem the same? > There is a lawyer whose job is to prevent misuse of the red cross emblem > The correct first aid sign is a white cross on a green background Leaders’ notes > There is now also a red crystal emblem Please see page 3 for answers. * All of the statements are true. Changing the World > The Power of Humanity > The Red Cross Emblem 3 Activity two: individual and group Drawing the emblem Protecting the emblem The red cross is made up of nine equal sized squares; five red and four After the emblems have been created, have a discussion about who can white. On a piece of paper plot out a box 12 cm x 12 cm. Split the box display the emblem – where would it be okay and where would it be an into nine equal sized boxes (each 4 cm x 4 cm). Colour in the second, abuse of the emblem? What action do students think should be taken to fourth, fifth, sixth and eighth box red, and colour in the other four boxes remove inappropriate emblems? white. Your emblem should look like this: Another useful resource is the red cross emblem assembly kit – view it online at redcross.org.uk/emblemak Leaders’ notes To emphasise how important it is to protect the emblem, so that its meaning doesn't become diluted or confused, it's very important that all 'red crosses' produced are gathered in at the end of the activity. A discussion should take place about what should happen to them – as they are in fact 'illegal' emblems. People using 'illegal' emblems may be committing a criminal offence!! Our expert lawyer's advice is that, for safety, any such red crosses should be destroyed after the activity is completed. If the actual destruction is difficult send all your 'red crosses' into us at: Well done! You have now made a properly dimensioned red cross BUT, given what you have learned about what the red cross emblem means Power of Humanity, and where it can be used – is there a problem? Are you entitled to display Schools and community education, a red cross? British Red Cross, 44 Moorfields, London EC2 9AL Changing the World > The Power of Humanity > The Red Cross Emblem > Guidance notes 4 Guidance notes Red Cross emblem – answers 1. Why do we have a red crescent and red crystal emblem? 3. Which countries use these other emblems? Some countries saw the red cross as having a religious significance and so The red crescent is used by 32 countries with substantial Muslim populations preferred to use a red crescent. As this too began to be seen as having a such as most of the Middle Eastern countries, Pakistan and Malaysia. The religious significance, it was decided to adopt a third emblem, the red red crystal is still new but it is anticipated that it will be used by Israel and crystal, free from any religious, cultural or political connotations. Eritrea. It is also available for the armed forces of any country operating in an area where it might be problematic to use their own emblem (red cross or red crescent) for whatever reason. 2. When were they adopted? The Ottoman empire adopted the red crescent during the 1876-1878 war 4. What is the meaning behind each of the emblems? Is it the same? between Turkey and Russia. It was not officially recognised until the 1929 Geneva Convention. The red crystal was adopted in 2005 by a Protocol to In armed conflicts, they are a visible sign of the protection granted to the 1949 Geneva Conventions. medical personnel, facilities and means of transport, as well as relief workers. In peacetime, they can be used to show that a person or object has a link with the Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement. Each emblem has the same meaning.
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