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Southern Sudan – Malakal Crisis OCHA Situation Report No 10

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Southern Sudan – Malakal Crisis OCHA Situation Report No 10 Powered By Docstoc
					                                    Southern Sudan – Malakal Crisis
                                     OCHA Situation Report No. 10
                                  Reporting Period 8th – 10th March 2009

Situation
1. On the 24th of February 2009 at around 08:20 hours, conflict broke out between the SPLA forces and SAF-
    JIU leading to heavy exchange of gunfire around Malakal town until around 15:00 hours. The situation
    caught the civilian population and the humanitarian community by surprise as most people remained indoors
    or trapped in their offices. Following the cessation of hostilities a total of 110 UN and NGO staff were
    relocated to UNMIS compound and 145 were temporarily relocated to Juba/Khartoum on 26th February,
    2009.
2. On the same day (24/02/09) the Government of Southern Sudan Vice President arrived in Malakal around
    17:00 to resolve the conflict. This was followed by the arrival of the Ceasefire Joint Military Committee
    (CJMC) and the UNMIS regional coordinator on the 25th of February 2009. Their meetings led to the
    withdrawal of the military from both sides to the barracks leading to the establishment of a buffer zone
    patrolled by UNMIS.
3. OCHA is coordinating the emergency response operation working closely with other agencies in conducting
    Humanitarian assessments, humanitarian reporting as well as situation monitoring.

Security update – 10 March 2009
The general security situation continued to be stable with most civilian activities in Malakal town returning to
normal. Increased market activities have been noticed in the central market and more shops have re-opened in
the northern sector (controlled by SAF). Town assessments conducted by OCHA/RCSO have showed general
improvement overally and a seemingly normal atmosphere exists. Most residents who were spontaneously
displaced on the 24/25th of February and on 4/5th March have returned according to local government officials.
Aerial and overland field assessments led by OCHA have also confirmed the return of IDPs to Malakal town and
their homes.

   NOTICE BOARD
     Notice 1: All humanitarian agencies planning to send staff to Malakal should clear the Head of OCHA who is in the
     field (Malakal) and can be reached on pendletonj@un.org, +8821643338075, +8821621117239, and 256477111583
     as well as with UNDSS.
     Notice 2: Malakal Curfew times remain 18.00 hours – 06:00 hours in line with ASMT decision until the situation is
     reviewed.
     Inter-Agency humanitarian assessments continue as well as situation monitoring.
     Notice 3: Inputs for sitreps can be emailed to OCHA (maputseni@un.org, CC: pendletonj@un.org, chatora@un.org,
     tedd@un.org, )


Recent Developments
1) The general security situation continues to stabilise as most of the IDPs have returned to their homes and
   business and market activities are up and running.
2) On the 7th of March 2009, WFP warehouse was looted at around 12:00hours allegedly by 3 people in
   military uniform. The trio entered WFP warehouse and looted six bags of pulses. Following that incident,
   the UNMIS TCC communicated with JIU/SAF and agreed to deploy special soldiers to patrol the
   warehouses and maintain a static guard presence.
3) TCC continues to guard/secure UN assets at the AirOps airport complex and the aviation fuel depot. UNMIS
   Indian Battalion troops also continue to secure various UN agencies, UN contractors’ facilities, and areas of
   concern including WFP, UNICEF, and UNHCR warehouses in the northern part of Malakal town, SOS
   Children’s Village, Ethiopian Refugee Way Station, and the Upper Nile University. All these facilities are
   being guarded round the clock. (Source: UNMO).
4) Following an insecurity incident that happened on the 8th of March 2009 during an inter-agency assessment
   in Ogod Wau Shiluk, UNDSS/UNMIS advised humanitarian agencies to temporarily stop the use of
   helicopters and make use of road and water transport with force protection.
5) Curfew times remain 18.00 hours – 06:00 hours in line with ASMT decision until the situation is reviewed.

Humanitarian response
1. Solidarite (INGO) redeployed its staff to Malakal on the 8th of March 2009, to continue with humanitarian
   activities including ensuring the supply of clean water in Malakal.
2. UNMIS medical staff working for the level II hospital have provided OPD services to affected individuals.
3. In Juba, a meeting with NGOs, OCHA and UNDSS was held on the 10th of March 2009. NGOs are
   concerned that the preconditions to stabilisation in Malakal (including rotation of JIU/SAF and JIU/SPLA)
   may take months rather than weeks and this might affect programming and make the population that was
   receiving services more vulnerable.
4. An inter-agency assessment mission (OCHA, WFP, UNICEF, UNMIS-RRR and RCSO) was carried out in
   Lelo and Wau Shiluk areas on the 8th of March 2009. Findings revealed that about 150 people mostly women
   and children had arrived in the area on the 7th of March 2009. Most of these people returned to Malakal as
   they feared that their houses may be looted while a few remained in the area.
5. UNDSS security advice should be followed regarding any NGO/agency returns to Malakal. There were gaps
   in security preparedness before 24th Feb, including lack of primary security coordination and differentiation
   between essential and non-essential staff.

Warehousing and Logistics

UNDSS has advised UN agencies and NGOs to lock-up their warehouses to avoid easy access and looting of
commodities. In addition to that, Force Protection is being provided to safeguard the warehouse area to avoid
similar incidents.

Humanitarian Coordination
OCHA is coordinating the emergency response operation working closely with other agencies in conducting
Humanitarian assessments, humanitarian reporting as well as situation monitoring.

                                                                                                                                   // END …
Disclaimer: This report is a consolidation of information from OCHA field reports, UN agencies, UNMIS, NGOs, GoSS-SSRRC and other
humanitarian partners. The report is subject to availability of data and does not claim to be exhaustive or fully verified and does not represent
the official position of the United Nations. If you have inputs for the next edition, or questions/comments to the current issue, please contact:
pendletonj@un.org or chatora@un.org and maputseni@un.org,

				
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Description: Southern Sudan – Malakal Crisis OCHA Situation Report No 10