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Agreement on the Conservation of Small Cetaceans of the Baltic


Agreement on the Conservation of Small Cetaceans of the Baltic

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									TITLE               Agreement on the Conservation of Small Cetaceans of the Baltic,
                    North East Atlantic, Irish and North Seas (ASCOBANS)
TYPE                Article IV (4)
LEGAL STATUS        Multilateral environmental Agreement
LANGUAGE            English, French, German, Russian
SPONSOR             Sweden
DEPOSITARY          Secretary-General of the United Nations
                    United Nations
                    Office of Legal Affairs, Treaty Section
                    New York, N.Y. 10017, U.S.A.
                    Tel: +1 (212) 963 6045 / Fax: +1 (212) 963 3693
COVERAGE            Any species, subspecies or population of toothed whales (Odontoceti), with the
                    exception of the Sperm whale (Physeter macrocephalus), in the Agreement Area
                    The Agreement Area is defined as: “the marine environment of the Baltic and North
                    Seas and contiguous area of the North East Atlantic, as delimited by the shores of the
                    Gulfs of Bothnia and Finland; to the south-east by latitude 36°N, where this line of
                    latitude meets the line joining the lighthouses of Cape St. Vincent (Portugal) and
                                                                              N                  W;
                    Casablanca (Morocco); to the south-west by latitude 36° and longitude 15° to the
                    north-west by longitude 15° and a line drawn through the following points: latitude
                    59°  N/longitude 15°W, latitude 60°N/longitude 05°       W, latitude, 61°  N/longitude
                    4W;latitude 62N/ longitude 3W; to the north by latitude 62° and including the Kattegat
                    and the Sound and Belt passages.”
                    PORTUGAL, Russian Federation, SPAIN, SWEDEN, UNITED KINGDOM
FINAL ACT           Signed on 13 September 1991 by 8: BELGIUM, DENMARK, EUROPEAN UNION,
SIGNATURE           Open for signature at United Nations Headquarters, New York, on 17 March 1992, and
                    thereafter until date of entry into force
                    Signed by 6 Range States + 1 REIO: SWEDEN (31.03.92 ds), GERMANY (09.04.92),
                    UNITED KINGDOM and Guernsey (16.04.92), NETHERLANDS (29.07.92), DENMARK
                    (19.08.92), EUROPEAN UNION (07.10.92+), BELGIUM (06.11.92)
IN FORCE            90 days after six Range States express consent to be bound by the Agreement
ACTUALLY IN FORCE   Original Agreement (Agreement on the Conservation of Small Cetaceans of the Baltic
                    and North Seas): 29 March 1994
                    Extended Agreement (Agreement on the Conservation of Small Cetaceans of the
                    Baltic, North East Atlantic, Irish and North Seas): 3 February 2008
RAT/ACP/APP/ACC     10: SWEDEN (31.03.92 ds), NETHERLANDS (29.12.92 app), BELGIUM (14.05.93),
                    UNITED KINGDOM (13.07.93), GERMANY (06.10.93), DENMARK (29.12.93 app),
                    POLAND (18.01.96 acc), FINLAND (13.09.99 acc), LITHUANIA (27.07.05 acc),
                    FRANCE (02.11.05 acc)
                    The amendment (westward extension of the Agreement Area) has so far been
                    accepted by: Denmark (19.12.06), Finland (05.11.07), France (03.10.05), Germany
                    (15.01.07), Netherlands (24.05.07)
MEETINGS OF THE     1 Meeting: 26-28 September 1994, Stockholm, Sweden;
PARTIES              nd
                    2 Meeting: 17-19 November 1997, Bonn, Germany;
                    3 Meeting: Bristol, UK, 26-28 July 2000,
                    4 Meeting: Esbjerg, Denmark, 19 - 22 August 2003,
                    5 Meeting: Egmond aan Zee, Netherlands,
                           st                                    nd
                         1 Session: 18-22 September 2006; 2 Session: 12 December 2006
                    6 Meeting: Bonn, Germany, 16-18 September 2009
                    Reports of all meetings are available from the Agreement Secretariat
SECRETARIAT         UNEP/ASCOBANS Secretariat, UN Campus, Hermann-Ehlers-Str. 10, 53113 Bonn,

                                             Page 8 of 32
                                      Last update: 9 October 2009
                   (Tel. +49 228 8152418; Fax +49 228 8152440; E-mail: ascobans@ascobans.org, Web:
FINANCING          As provided in Article 7 of the Agreement
RESERVATIONS       Specific reservations possible (upon signing or upon deposit of instrument of
                   ratification, acceptance, approval or accession)
DESCRIPTION        The ASCOBANS Conservation and Management Plan requires Parties to implement a
                   variety of different measures including reducing by-catch, marine pollution and
                   disturbance, conducting surveys and research on species ecology and abundance,
                   adopting protective national laws and raising public awareness. A Recovery Plan for
                   Baltic Harbour Porpoises was agreed in 2002. A Conservation Plan for Harbour
                   Porpoises in the North Sea is under development.
                   The extension of the Agreement area to include parts of the Atlantic Ocean results in a
                   contiguous area with ACCOBAMS. It was endorsed by MOP4 (2003) and has entered
                   into force on 3 February 2008 after the formal acceptance of the fifth Party.
SPECIES EXAMPLES   Phocoena phocoena (Harbour porpoise), Tursiops truncatus (Bottlenose dolphin),
                   Delphinus delphis (Common dolphin), Globicephala melas (Long-finned pilot whale)
OTHER              An Advisory Committee consisting of one member appointed by each Party; a
                   "Co-ordinating Authority" established in each Party
                   Under the aegis of the ASCOBANS Secretariat, a special working group composed of
                   representatives of international conventions, government ministries, fishermen and
                   environmental groups has developed a recovery plan for the Baltic Harbour porpoise
                   (Jastarnia Plan), which recommends a programme for bycatch reduction, research and
                   monitoring, marine protected area establishment and an increase of public awareness.
                   The overall aim is to restore the Baltic population of Harbour porpoises - an estimated
                   600 individuals are left - to at least 80% of the Baltic’s carrying capacity. A change in
                   fishing methods and a reduction of fishing effort could significantly contribute to a lower
                   bycatch rate.

                                             Page 9 of 32
                                      Last update: 9 October 2009

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