# A-Level Physics Formulae

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```					                 A-Level Physics Formula List

Below is a list of the essential formulae not provided to students during A-Level
physics examinations.

distance                                                   d
speed =                                                          s=
time                                                     t
force = mass × acceleration                                      F = ma
change in velocity                                   ∆v
acceleration =                                                   a=
time taken                                         t

mass                                                     m
density =                                                        ρ=
volume                                                    V
momentum = mass × velocity                                       ρ = mv

work done = force × distance moved in                            W = Fs
direction of force

energy transferred work done                               W
power =                       =                                  P=
time taken      time taken                             t

weight = mass × gavitational field strength                      W = mg

kinetic energy = 1 2 × mass × velocity 2                         E k = 1 2 mv 2

change in potential = mass × gravitational field × change in     ∆Ep = mg ∆h
energy                         strength             height

force                                                   F
pressure =                                                        p=
area                                                    A
pressure × volume = number of × molar gas × absolute              pV = n R T
moles       constant    temperature

charge = current × time                                          q = It

potential difference = current × resistance                      V = IR

electrical power = potential difference × current                P=VI
energy transferred               W
potential difference =                            V =
charge                      q
resitivity × length                  ρl
resistance =                                     R=
cross − sectional area                   A

energy = potential difference × current × time   E =V It

wave speed = frequency × wavelength              v= fλ

mass × velocity 2
centripetal force =                                 mv 2
r
charge stored
capacitance =                                         q
potential difference            C=
V
voltage across coil 1 number turns coil 1
=                           V1   N1
voltage across coil 2 number turns coil 2           =
V2   N2

q1 q 2
electrostatic force = k
r2
G m1 m2
gravitational force =
r2

```
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Description: A-Level Physics Formulae