Carbon Brochure 2010 rev2

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					                                                                                                    SPONSORED BY
                    qua enviro
               TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER




WATER QUALITY STANDARDS
OR CARBON REDUCTION
IS THERE A BALANCE?

24-25th MARCH 2010
THE MARY WARD HOUSE CONFERENCE & EXHIBITION CENTRE, LONDON
The Copenhagen Accord has agreed the need to keep global                    It is the aim of this event to consider:
temperature rises to no more than 2C and, although avoiding binding            i)   What are the relative environmental impacts and benefits of
targets, has said that the world’s rich countries will commit to                    our current treatment regime and which consented
cutting greenhouse gases. Despite the lack of binding targets from                  parameters deliver negligible measurable benefits?
Copenhagen, it seems likely that the UK government will continue
                                                                               ii) What is the scope for relaxing consents, where this can be
with its own challenging targets to reduce emissions to 80-% of their              shown to demonstrate negligible adverse impacts but large
1990 level, by 2050. As such the water industry will have an                       reductions in GHG emissions?
important role to play in helping deliver these targets as it emits as
                                                                               iii) What low-carbon treatment alternatives are available, but held
much greenhouse gas as the aviation industry. Wastewater
                                                                                    back by the consenting regime?
treatment is a major user of energy and this use continues to
increase in a linear way as the industry seeks to deliver tougher              iv) What limits on GHG emissions should water companies strive
discharge consents. As a result a modern wastewater treatment                      towards for its wastewater treatment activities?
plants is able to produce an effluent that has a negligible impact on
the receiving watercourse. The efficacy of such treatment is
evidenced by the continuous improvement in the quality of our               Venue and Location
rivers which the Environment Agency acknowledges as being the
                                                                            Mary Ward House Conference & Exhibition Centre
best on record.
                                                                            5-7 Tavis Stock Place, London, WC1 9SN
But many commentators now consider that climate change is the               www.marywardhouse.com
biggest global threat to public health of the 21st Century and if this is
the case then water quality improvements must be balanced against           Mary Ward House is a fascinating Grade 1 listed building built in 1898 and
                                                                            financed by the wealthy philanthropis. Mary Ward, the novelist and social
climate change impacts. There are many examples of costly
                                                                            reformer, was the inspiration behind the endeavour to provide a centre
enhancements to wastewater treatment that deliver questionable              of training, care and entertainment for the less fortunate in society.
environmental benefits, inter alia: a spot compliance regime,
effluent disinfection, odour control, nitrogen removal and sludge           Located right in the heart of Bloomsbury, London, within minutes walk
pasteurisation. If the water industry is to take seriously the threats      of each of Euston, Kings Cross and Russell Square stations, with direct
of climate change, the challenge for both the regulators and the            links to Heathrow Airport. Full directions and details of local hotels will
                                                                            be provided when you register.
water companies is to balance the environmental costs and benefits
of wastewater treatment in a manner that considers the wider
environmental impacts and not solely the aquatic environment.               www.aquaenviro.co.uk
                                                 Wednesday 24th March

09.50 – 10.00     Chair’s welcome and introduction                        14.00 – 14.30   An NGO perspective
                                                                                          Robert Cunningham, Head of Water Policy, RSPB
  POLICY OVERVIEW                                                                            Making the case for the environment receiving a fair
                                                                                             slice of the UK's carbon budget.
  Chair – Bruce Horton, Environment Advisor, Water UK
                                                                                             What are the risks and opportunities for the
                                                                                             environment from water company mitigation
10.00 – 10.30     A UK perspective: carbon, legislation                                      strategies
                  and the European Commission                                                Are there win-wins for the environment, carbon, and
                                                                                             consumers from taking a more integrated approach
                  Dr Arthur Thornton, Regulatory Compliance                                  to pollution control from all sectors
                  & Research. Water and Environment, Atkins
                     Current and future impacts of WFD and                14.30 – 15.00   A sustainable approach to delivering
                     regulation on carbon emissions
                                                                                          good water quality outcomes?
                     Relative environmental impacts of our current
                     treatment regime: which consented parameters                         Dr Mark Williams, Environmental Regulation
                     deliver negligible measurable benefits?                              and Climate Change Manager, Scottish Water
                     What is the scope for relaxing consents or                              The challenge of developing dynamic management of
                     moving to catchment based consenting?                                   networks and treatment plants that might enable the
                                                                                             industry and regulators to operate consenting
                     Carbon management at the EU level                                       regimes that respond to the prevailing environmental
                                                                                             conditions
                                                                                             The process of developing regulator and industry
                                                                                             confidence in such approaches
10.30 – 11.00     Balancing water quality and climate                                        The issue of managing local environmental risk and the
                  change in the EU                                                           ability to meet environmental outcomes using more
                                                                                             sustainable treatment technologies
                  Mireille Bogaart, Doctoral Researcher, Centre
                  for Environmental Law, University of Amsterdam
                                                                          15.00 – 15.10   Discussion and Questions Session
                     The options for Member States to balance
                     environmental costs and benefits of wastewater
                     treatment under EU law in a manner that              15.10 – 15.30   Break
                     considers wider environmental impacts including
                     greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions.
                     Is the conflicting interest of combating water         POLICY IMPLEMENTATION
                     pollution on the one hand and decreasing GHG
                     emissions on the other acknowledged in               15.30 – 16.00
                     European policy framework?
                                                                                          Improving the ecological status of water
                                                                                          bodies and reducing the carbon footprint
                     The discretion for the Member States to loosen
                     their rules on water pollution, if it results in a                   of wastewater treatment - is it possible?
                     considerable GHG emissions reduction based on                        Dr. Julian Wright, Policy Advisor for
                     analysis of relevant European legal obligations                      Climate Change, Environment Agency
                     laid down in the Water Framework Directive
                                                                                             The drive to improve the quality of our water bodies,
                     (2000/60/EC) and the IPPC Directive                                     particularly in order to deliver the objectives of the
                     (2008/1/EC)                                                             Water Framework Directive, has the potential to
                                                                                             increase the overall carbon footprint of the water
                                                                                             industry
11.00 – 11.30     Break                                                                      Without intervention, achieving the standards
                                                                                             required by the WFD could increase carbon dioxide
11.30 – 12.00     Costing the Earth – what price                                             emissions by 110,000 tonnes per year.
                                                                                             This is small compared to the current overall carbon
                  environmental quality?                                                     footprint of the water industry, but could more than
                  Dr Mike Keil, Head of Climate Change Policy,                               double emissions from individual treatment plants
                  OFWAT                                                                      where additional processes are required.
                     What is the right economic approach to global                           A number of strategies might be applied to limit
                     and local environmental quality?                                        emissions. The potential for emissions reductions
                                                                                             outweigh increases associated with improving
                     What does the public want and is willing to pay                         environmental standards.
                     for?
                     How are emissions handled in River Basin
                     Management Plans?                                    16.00 – 16.30   Can environmental standards be
                                                                                          achieved sustainably?
                                                                                          John Martin, Waste Water Regulation Manager,
12.00 – 12.30     Given the current economic and                                          Bob Stear, Strategy Manager – Sewage Treatment,
                  climate change agenda are future WFD                                    Althea Solomon, Asset Strategist, and
                  requirements affordable, beneficial                                     Frank Grimshaw, Economic Regulation Manager,
                                                                                          Severn Trent Water
                  and sustainable?
                                                                                             Analysing the costs and benefits of improving sewage
                  Karen Simpson, Principal Consultant, and                                   treatment, including carbon impacts
                  Martin Hall, Head of Strategic Consulting,                                 Developing alternative approaches to consents
                  Mouchel                                                                    Assessing the potential carbon and cost implications
                     How do we assess the relative costs and                                 of the future programme
                     benefits of emissions to water versus air?
                     How do we prevent pollution swapping between         16.30 – 17.00   Water Quality vs the planet – are they
                     different media?                                                     mutually exclusive?
                     Should a strategic view across all media types be                    Stephen Bolt, Director of Environment and
                     taken, and who can do this? - Government and                         Sustainability, WYG
                     Regulators work in functional silos, but this
                     challenge required joined up planning and                               End of pipe techno fix – the regulatory panacea
                     review.                                                                 The regulatory framework – is it uniquely unhelpful?
                                                                                             Solutions – a systems approach to thinking outside
                                                                                             the (concrete) box
12.30 – 13.00     Discussion and Questions Session
                                                                          17.00 – 17.20   Discussion and Questions Session
13.00 – 14.00     Lunch
                                                                          17.20 – 17.30   Summary
                                                                                          Matthew Smyth, Operations Manager,
                                                                                          Aqua Enviro Limited
                                                                                   th
                                                        Thursday 25 March
09.25 – 09.30     Chair’s introduction                                                              maintaining or improving environmental quality whilst also
                                                                                                    taking external environmental and societal impacts into
  POLICY IMPLEMENTATION                                                                             account.
                                                                                                    A catchment level approach to consenting, which takes
                                                                                                    proper account of the impacts from all sources, provides
09.30 – 10.00     Calculating the balance: more treatment or                                        the opportunity to target investment in improved
                                                                                                    treatment at the sites where it is really needed. This will
                  less greenhouse gas?                                                              achieve the most cost-beneficial improvements in overall
                  David Sivil, Consultant Engineer, WRc plc                                         catchment water quality and contribute most effectively to
                                                                                                    minimising overall carbon impacts.
                     Deciding on schemes to update or install new treatment                         But adopting a catchment approach requires significant
                     on greenfield sites to achieve improved discharge                              change: more integrated approaches to defining problems;
                     standards now needs to take emissions as well as direct                        better modelling to provide detailed understanding of
                     costs into account. This approach needs to be consistent.                      impacts and causes across catchments; a willingness to trial
                     WRc has developed greenhouse gas emission estimates                            new approaches and compile evidence to demonstrate the
                     for different treatment processes to achieve a range of                        benefits; and more collaborative working between
                     effluent quality standards.                                                    regulators, water companies and other water users.
                     A key factor that needs to be included is not just direct
                     emissions relating to energy use and treatment but also
                     downstream emissions. N2O can have a significant impact.     12.45 – 13.00   Discussion and Questions Session

                                                                                  13.00 – 14.00   Lunch
10.00 – 10.30     Reducing emissions of green house gases:
                  the scope to change how limits in permits                       14.00 – 14.30   NPDES Permitting and sustainability:
                  are defined, calculated, and used to judge                                      conflicting goals?
                  operators                                                                       Jane E. Madden, Vice President, CDM, USA
                  Dr. Tony Warn, MBE, Policy Manager                                                 As regulators in the United States issue more stringent
                  (Water Quality), Environment Agency                                                National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES)
                     The scope to change the form of permissions and the                             permit limits, particularly with respect to nutrients, is the
                     mode of operation of works in terms of the                                      overall impact more detrimental to the environment?
                     consequential impact on water quality and the Water                             With increasing attention paid to the generation of
                     Framework Directive.                                                            greenhouse gases and their impact on climate change,
                     Misunderstandings of how permits are calculated to take                         further scrutiny of the cost-benefit of extreme nutrient
                     account of dilution and the mistaken idea of the role of                        limits is warranted.
                     water quality standards in managing the risk of damage.                         The balance between benefits to the receiving waters with
                     “Over –performance” of works promoted by the                                    the reduction of nutrients from a 170,000 m3/d wastewater
                     regulatory regime, and the advances that are needed in                          treatment facility in Massachusetts with the resultant
                     the formulation of consents that also offer scope for                           environmental impacts caused by achieving these limits.
                     saving carbon ...
                                                                                  14.30 – 15.00   Low C- WFD
10.30 – 11.00     Balancing water quality and carbon                                              Sue Horsfall, Northumbrian Water
                  aspirations through environmental design                                           The Water Framework Directive is an upward driver on
                  optimisation                                                                       energy use and embodied carbon that has had a significant
                                                                                                     impact on some Water Companies' projected emissions.
                  Chris Mooij, Director, Metoc
                                                                                                     How did Northumbrian Water deliver a low-C WFD outcome
                     Environmental Design Optimisation (EDO) of catchments -                         that meets river quality standards without a significant
                     an understanding of the environment’s assimilative                              increase in Carbon?
                     capacity and how this is affected by engineering solutions                      What broader lessons can we learn to get an appropriate
                     Solution and management flexibility provides the best                           balance between improving standards and the need to
                     environmental return for every pound spent                                      manage emissions?
                     How EDO uses models and data to understand how
                     changing treatment solutions impacts water quality and
                     carbon within the regulatory framework.                      15.00 -15.30    Break

11.00 – 11.15     Discussion and Questions Session                                15.30 – 16.00   Wastewater treatment, carbon footprint and
                                                                                                  receiving water quality –illustrating the costs
11.15 – 11.45     Break                                                                           and opportunities
                                                                                                  James Newton, Mott MacDonald
                                                                                                     In a climate changing world we cannot afford to ignore the
  CASE STUDIES                                                                                       significant carbon footprint caused by ever tightening
  Chair – David Balmforth, Technical Director, MWH                                                   treated effluent standards imposed to achieve incremental
                                                                                                     improvements in receiving water quality.
                                                                                                     The presentation will illustrate the costs of achieving tighter
11.45 – 12.15     Carbon vs Effluent Quality – Threat or                                             environmental standards – in financial and carbon terms -
                  Opportunity                                                                        using data drawn from various studies undertaken by Mott
                                                                                                     MacDonald for UK water utilities.
                  Harry Tribe, Associate Director –
                                                                                                     The presentation will also highlight examples where inflexible
                  Process Technology, ENTEC                                                          approaches to compliance with environmental legislative
                     Typical process and engineering design solutions to                             requirements have been challenged through linking
                     meet a range of quality limits                                                  ecological value, water quality, carbon balance and
                     The capital and operational, carbon demands to                                  affordability.
                     deliver the solutions
                     Optimal designs that may deliver a balanced overall
                     environmental quality including, but not exclusively         16.00 – 16.30   The carbon and associated economic cost
                     dedicated to, watercourse quality.                                           of reducing Nitrogen and Phosphorus final
                                                                                                  effluent standards
                                                                                                  Martin Jolly, Technical Director, and
12.15 – 12.45     Sustainable regulation: catchment-level                                         Tony Koodie, Senior Technical Director, Black & Veatch
                  approaches to ensure the most cost and                                             A Carbon reduction commitment (CRC) tax is due to be
                  carbon effective improvements to water                                             levied on Water Companies in April 2010. This is mainly a tax
                  quality:                                                                           on electricity usage.
                                                                                                     By tightening final effluent consent standards for
                  Chris Barker, Environmental Regulation                                             ammonia, nitrogen and phosphorus, Water Companies in
                  Business Area Manager, and                                                         the UK may increase electricity usage and incur an increased
                  Adrian Johnson, Carbon Management                                                  cost for electricity usage and also an increased CRC tax.
                  Business Area Manager, MWH                                                         This paper compares the actual cost of increasing carbon
                                                                                                     usage based on the CRC tax and electricity usage of
                     The significant tightening of emission standards
                                                                                                     tightening final effluent standards.
                     required to comply with the Water Framework Directive
                     across the UK with the inevitable side effects of
                     significant increases in energy use and carbon emissions.
                     We need alternatives to current solution paradigms           16.30 – 16.50   Discussion and Questions Session
                     which minimise the whole impact on the environment of
                     a particular activity, in this case providing a cost         16.50 – 17.00   Summary & Close
                     effective and sustainable water supply and wastewater
                     treatment system. The challenge is identifying                               Dave Lax, Business Development Manager,
                     alternatives that maintain the primary ethos of                              Aqua Enviro Limited
Diary Of Events 2010                                                                      Training Calendar 2010
  16 Feb         Fate of pharmaceutical, personal care         ALEA, Leeds                    24 Feb           Introduction to Odour Modelling for                Wakefield
                 products (PCP's) and endocrine                                                                the Management and Control of
                 disrupters in wastewater treatment                                                            Odours at Wastewater Treatment
                 Sponsored by MWH                                                                              Plants

  18 Feb         Safe and Sustainable? The changing           Austin Court,                   25 Feb           Introduction to CFD Modelling for                  Wakefield
                 regulatory landscape for organics            Birmingham                                       Water and Wastewater Treatment
                 resources & SORP (Sustainable Organic                                                         Plants
                 Resources Partnership) AGM
                                                                                               April           Microscopic Examination for the                    Wakefield
  24 & 25        Water quality standards or carbon              Mary Ward                                      Operation & Control of Wastewater
   March         reduction - is there a balance?                 House,                                        Treatment Plants (Day 1)
                 Sponsored by MWH                                London
                                                                                               April           Design of Activated Sludge Systems                 Wakefield
      April      Co-digestion - Is it worth the biogas?          Glasgow                                       (Day 2)

      May        From producer to user – bringing                  Leeds                       April           Operation and Control of Activated                 Wakefield
                 together the organic resources                                                                Sludge (Day 3)
                 chain
                                                                                               April           A Comprehensive Review of UF/MF                    Wakefield
      June       Recent advances in the operation                  Leeds                                       Technology for Wastewater Treatment
                 and control of the activated
                 sludge process                                                               13 May           Tertiary Treatment Processes for                   Wakefield
                                                                                                               Modern Wastewater Treatment Plants
      June       Asset standards – fit for purpose?            Newcastle
                                                                                             29 June           Anaerobic Digestion 1 – Introduction               Wakefield
27-28 Sept       Reducing the Environmental                      Royal                                         to Digester Design and Operation
                 Footprint of the Water Industry.              Armouries,
                 4th European Water & Wastewater                 Leeds                       30 June           Anaerobic Digestion 2 - Optimising                 Wakefield
                 Conference & Exhibition                                                                       Digester Throughput, Gas Production
                                                                                                               and Digestate Destruction
15-17 Nov        15th European Biosolids & Organic               Royal
                 Resources Conference & Exhibition             Armouries,                     21 July          Biosolids Masterclass                              Wakefield
                                                                 Leeds




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