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Bolivar Blueprint Electronic

VIEWS: 205 PAGES: 103

									                Galveston County, Texas
       Office of Emergency Management
                      1353 FM 646 West
                               Suite 201
                     Dickinson, TX 77539

 Main Telephone Number: 281-309-5002
Toll-free / 24-Hour On-call: 888-384-2000
             Fax Number: 888-534-5607
              Web site:

             Galveston County Commissioners
Honorable James Yarbrough    County Judge
Honorable Patrick Doyle      Commissioner, Precinct 1
Honorable Bryan Lamb         Commissioner, Precinct 2
Honorable Stephen Holmes     Commissioner, Precinct 3
Honorable Ken Clark          Commissioner, Precinct 4

Bolivar Blueprint Steering Committee
Sid Bouse           Jerry Parker
Greg Cobb           Mary Ellen Smith
Jane Ewing          Anne Willis
Claud Kahla         Keith Zahar

          Galveston County Technical Committee
John Simsen                    Brian Maxwell
John Lee                       Connie Nicholson
Curtiss Brown                  Paula Quick
Mike Carr                      Myrna Reingold
William Comeaux                Ron Schultz
Lee Crowder                    Ray Tuttoilmondo
Marty Entringer                Honorable Pat Vondra
Mike Fitzgerald                James Wilson
Dennis Harris                  Ann Willis
Bill Heuman                    Mike Wisko

       Bolivar Blueprint                                i
                                                              Bolivar Blueprint Subcommittees
Infrastructure                  Human Services                  Environment                  Economic Development              Housing
  Brian Byrom                    Charles Ray Bouse                Winnie Burkett               Sam Dellolio                     Jack Haigh
  Clint Byrom                    Clint Wayne Brown                Marcus Comeaux               Linda Dolfi                      Joni Harding
  Tim Byrom                      Mike Carr                        Chuck Davis                  Margo Johnson                    Ted Henley
  Lee Crowder                    Malcom Comeaux                   Sam Floyd                    Jan Kent                         Linda Kay Makin
  Marty Entringer                William Comeaux                  Garret Foskit                Chris Miller                     Jeff Sjostrom
  Robert Greb                    Brenda Cannon Henley             Gary Kramer                  Wayne Mouton                     Larry Talley
  Jim Hayes                      Robert Isaacs                    Dr. Andre Landry             Chris Rivers                     Willis Turner
  Belinda Hickman                David Loop                       Lamont Meaux                 Mary Ann Rogers                  Chris Waters
  Michael Hurlbert               Dr. Bruce Mitchell               Bonnie Parker                Neil Spiller
  Craig Lang                     Curt Rodriguez                   Chris Tomerlin               Terri Varner
  Jennifer McKnight              Gene Straatemeyer                Jeanie Turk
  Shawn Pachlhofer               Orbin Thompson                   Edith Watson
  David Redwine
  Houston Sliger
  Dan Syphert

Education                       Parks, Recreation, Tourism
  Lynn Cleveland                  Ronnie Blizard
  Talisa Comeaux                  Susan Free
  Gary Kent                       David Hoelzer
  Cathy Parsons                   Jerry Valentine
  Paula Quick
  Cindy Rodriguez
  Sandra Simmons

Assistance in developing the Bolivar Blueprint was provided by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA). FEMA provides technical assistance
to communities engaging in Long-Term Community Recovery planning processes through Emergency Support Function #14, which is defined in the
National Response Framework.

Photo Credits: Bonnie Parker, cover (butterflies, housing), inside cover (seagulls, snowman), pages iii, vi, 3, 6, 7, and 27

  ii                                                                                                                           Bolivar Blueprint
Executive Summary                                                         Under the leadership of the Steering Committee, subcommittees were
                                                                          established and met on a regular basis to address critical issues and
Hurricane Ike made landfall along Galveston Island and the Bolivar        concerns that could potentially affect the success of Bolivar Peninsula’s
Peninsula early on September 13, 2008 as a Category 2 hurricane with      recovery. The subcommittees, representing the following sectors,
sustained winds of 100 miles per hour. Hurricane storm surge, winds,      included:
and flooding from heavy rains devastated the Peninsula, destroying
most structures and dramatically changing the lives of its residents          Education
forever. In the aftermath of the storm, nearly 61 percent of the homes        Economic Development
were destroyed and essentially all of the Peninsula’s residents and           Environment
businesses were displaced.                                                    Housing
                                                                              Human Services
In the wake of Hurricane Ike, the Galveston County Commissioners              Infrastructure
Court recognized the need to establish a comprehensive recovery               Parks, Recreation, and Tourism
process that would get Bolivar Peninsula back on its feet. A critical
factor in achieving recovery success was the need to leverage the help    To further involve the Bolivar Peninsula community in the recovery
and support of numerous state and Federal agencies so that the            process, public Open Houses were held on April 25 and May 18, 2009.
community could build back, better and stronger than ever.                On April 28, the Commissioner’s Court hosted a public hearing where
                                                                          members of the community told the County Commissioners what was
In March, 2009 Galveston County initiated the recovery planning           most important to consider as the Peninsula recovered. Nearly 900
process for Bolivar Peninsula in partnership with the Federal Emergency   comments were received and hundreds of ideas were identified during
Management Agency’s (FEMA) Long Term Community Recovery                   the public involvement process. Many of these ideas were considered
Program, also referred to as Emergency Support Function (ESF) #14. A      during the development of the Bolivar Blueprint and are included in
team of planners, economists, architects, and engineers worked hand-      Appendix C.
in-hand with County staff, elected officials, and members of the
community to prepare the Bolivar Blueprint – an important early step to   Bolivar Treasures
aid in Bolivar Peninsula’s successful recovery from Hurricane Ike.        What many residents remember about their pre-storm Bolivar
                                                                          Peninsula environment and lifestyle is that it was a unique place to live.
The Bolivar Blueprint: An Open, Collaborative Process                     The character of individuals, many with family ties dating back to the
The Bolivar Blueprint is a result of the deep commitment on the part of   1800s, is directly reflected by the character of the community. Residents
the community to actively participate in a process that will profoundly   use words such as “friendly, casual, and fun” to describe the Bolivar
affect its members for years to come. At the onset, a seven-member        Peninsula community. Treasures often mentioned include bird
Steering Committee comprised of Bolivar Peninsula residents was           watching, fishing, the beach, community spirit, special events, and
formed.                                                                   starlit nights. As the community implements the Bolivar Blueprint, a
                                                                          direct outcome can be the preservation of these treasures now and for
                                                                          generations to come.

        Bolivar Blueprint                                                                                                                         iii
                                                                              Bolivar Peninsula Recovery Approaches and Strategies
                                                                              The Bolivar Blueprint outlines guiding principles and broad strategies
                                                                              that can become the foundation to rebuild stronger, more resilient, and
                                                                              more economically viable continuing in the future. Subsequent planning
                                                                              efforts by the County and the Bolivar Peninsula community can identify
                                                                              specific recovery projects for future implementation.

                                                                              Recovery approaches can be thought of in varying degrees – from a less
                                                                              intensive level of effort with minimal investment of community
                                                                              resources, to an approach that requires heavy investments and a
                                                                              significant amount of political will and community commitment. The
                                                                              Bolivar Blueprint lays out three broad approaches for consideration,
                                                                              keeping in mind that the community can participate in choosing the
                                                                              degree to which it feels that it can invest in its recovery efforts.
                                                                              Priorities will be debated and tradeoffs made, however the recovery
                                                                              process will allow for the flexibility to adapt with the ever changing
Bolivar Blueprint Vision, Goals, and Objectives for Recovery                  needs of the Bolivar Peninsula community.
The Steering Committee, subcommittees, and Peninsula residents
established a vision for what they would like to see Bolivar Peninsula        Strategies that address recovery issues and concerns identified during
become as it strives to recover from Hurricane Ike.                           the Blueprint public involvement process serve as the roadmap for the
                                                                              community. In Section 7, the Bolivar Blueprint begins to lay out a
A rebuilt Bolivar Peninsula will be a resilient, affordable, and safe place
                                                                              number of strategies for the community’s consideration. It’s important
to live where residents and visitors enjoy nature and recreation in a
                                                                              to understand that these are ideas that will need further thought and
diverse community of small businesses, families, and neighborhoods,
                                                                              deliberation as the recovery process continues.
close to water and beaches. It will be built with respect for the
environment and developed with sustainable land use, infrastructure,
                                                                              It’s also important to keep in mind that no one strategy will fully meet
and community services.
                                                                              the needs of the Bolivar Peninsula community. Conversely, a single
                                                                              strategy could potentially satisfy multiple goals and objectives for
The Environment Subcommittee felt that it was important to achieve
                                                                              multiple sectors. In order for the recovery process to be effective, the
this vision through education.
                                                                              community will need to engage in ongoing discussions to share
                                                                              viewpoints and understand the consequences of how strategies will
To better define how this vision can ultimately become Bolivar
                                                                              interplay with one another – communication will be key.
Peninsula’s reality, the Steering Committee and subcommittees
established goals and objectives for each of the seven sectors. A
detailed list of these goals and objectives can be found in Section 5.

  iv                                                                                                                       Bolivar Blueprint
Thinking Ahead                                                           resolved with this strategy. Recovery is a long-term process that
Over $200 million was spent in Galveston County during the first six     residents will need to be engaged in for years to come.
months after Hurricane Ike by local, state, and Federal agencies to      Financial Considerations for Recovery
address the most urgent needs, including debris removal and
                                                                         To some extent, government and charitable organizations offset the
emergency repairs. Many times that amount will be spent on rebuilding
                                                                         repair and rebuilding costs for people of Bolivar Peninsula, but they
the public infrastructure and private properties. Recovery decisions
                                                                         cannot absorb all of them. Most property owners on Bolivar Peninsula
should be consistent with the Bolivar Blueprint vision, goals, and
                                                                         face expensive rebuilding obstacles. These obstacles include new flood
objectives. With these decisions comes a responsibility to build back
                                                                         studies that may specify higher elevation requirements, insurance
stronger and safer to reduce the potential for damage and devastation
                                                                         premiums that are expected to increase, and the potential for special
in future storm events.
                                                                         service districts (created to provide additional public infrastructure) that
                                                                         would increase the cost of owning property on the Peninsula.
At the community level, wise, collective actions must be considered,
such as:
                                                                         In spite of a very sensitive environment and vulnerability to storms,
                                                                         there are major opportunities for implementing a comprehensive, well
    Reducing the risk of human suffering and financial burden in the
                                                                         thought out recovery strategy for Bolivar Peninsula. Still, the community
    event of another storm;
                                                                         must evaluate tradeoffs related to cost vs. safety. In addition, discrete
    Building a more sustainable and more resilient community;            strategies, their associated costs, and potential funding sources will
    Maximizing the use of post-storm funding and technical assistance;   need to be studied.
    Continuing a deliberative planning process involving the general
    public.                                                              An Important Note:
Challenges                                                               While many readers of the Bolivar Blueprint will be intimately familiar
A number of concerns were expressed by Bolivar Peninsula residents       with the Peninsula, others may not know its geography and history, or
including beach erosion, depletion of dunes, threats of future storms,   conditions that existed shortly before and immediately after the
flooding over Highways 87 and 124, drainage problems, and the            hurricane. Appendix A of the Blueprint provides important information
uncertainty of future state and Federal mandates regarding the beach     necessary for readers who are unfamiliar with Bolivar Peninsula to
and dunes. The community knows it has difficult and controversial        understand the issues and challenges faced by the community.
challenges to work through and understands that they will not be         Appendix B provides written sources of information used in the
                                                                         development of the Blueprint.

        Bolivar Blueprint                                                                                                                          v
Table of Contents

Acknowledgements                       i
Executive Summary                    iii
Table of Contents                    vi
List of Appendices                   vi
List of Acronyms                    vii
1. Introduction                       1
2. Developing the Bolivar Blueprint 1
3. Public Involvement                 2
4. Recovery Vision                    3
5. Recovery Goals                     4
6. Recovery Approaches                7
7. Recovery Strategies              10
8. Future Actions                   21
Appendices                          25

List of Appendices
Appendix A: Becoming Familiar with Bolivar Peninsula
Appendix B: Written Sources of Information
Appendix C: Initial List of Issues Identified by Steering Committee and Subcommittees
Appendix D: Listing of April 25, 2009 Open House Comments
Appendix E: Transcript of April 28, 2009 Public Hearing
Appendix F : How to Build Better : Excerpts from Mitigation Assessment Team Report, FEMA P-757
Appendix G: ESF #14 Long Term Community Recovery Decision Making Tool

  vi                                                                                             Bolivar Blueprint
List of Acronyms
  BFE       Base Flood Elevation                          GLO     Texas General Land Office
  BPSUD     Bolivar Peninsula Special Utility District    H-GAC   Houston-Galveston Area Council
  CCN       Certificate of Convenience and Necessity      HIISD   High Island Independent School District
  CBRA      Coastal Barrier Resources Act of 1982         HMGP    Hazard Mitigation Grant Program
  CDBG      Community Development Block Grants            HUD     U.S. Department of Housing and Urban
  DHS       Department of Homeland Security                       Development
  DOC       U.S. Department of Commerce                   LiMWA   Limit of Moderate Wave Action
  DOD       U.S. Department of Defense                    MAT     Mitigation Assessment Team
  DOI       U.S. Department of the Interior               MUD     Municipal Utility District
  EDA       Economic Development Administration           NFIP    National Flood Insurance Program
  EPA       U.S. Environmental Protection Agency          NOAA    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
  EMS       Emergency Medical Services                    ORCA    Texas Office of Rural Community Affairs
  ESD       Emergency Services District                   PA      Public Assistance
  ESF #14   Emergency Support Function #14                TXDEQ   Texas Department of Environmental Quality
  FEMA      Federal Emergency Management Agency           TxDOT   Texas Department of Transportation
  FIRM      Flood Insurance Rate Map                      USACE   U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
  FWS       Fish and Wildlife Services                    USDA    U.S. Department of Agriculture
  GCAD      Galveston County Central Appraisal District   VFD     Volunteer Fire Department
  GISD      Galveston Independent School District         WWTP    Wastewater Treatment Plant
  GIWW      Gulf Intracoastal Waterway

    Bolivar Blueprint                                                                                               vii
1. Introduction                                                              2. Developing the Bolivar Blueprint
The Bolivar Blueprint marks the beginning of the long-term community         In March 2009, the Galveston County Commissioners Court initiated a
recovery process for Bolivar Peninsula. Through its implementation, the      strategic planning process to assist in making post-disaster recovery
community will be a stronger, safer, and more resilient place to live,       decisions about the Bolivar Peninsula. Commissioner Patrick Doyle
work, and play; and will be better prepared in the face of future storms     representing Precinct 1, which includes Bolivar Peninsula, asked leaders
to recover quickly. This Blueprint has been developed with the idea in       of the business community to form a Steering Committee. Steering
mind that it is a living and breathing document. It has been designed        Committee members met on April 2 to initiate the recovery planning
with the flexibility to adapt to the potential state and Federal policies    process and identified seven sectors for further consideration:
potentially affecting the future of Bolivar.
                                                                                 Natural Environment
Through a collaborative planning process, community members, County              Economy
elected officials, and agency representatives will further develop
specific strategies to realize the vision and achieve goals and objectives
established by the Bolivar Blueprint. The following sections discuss the         Housing
process by which the Blueprint was developed, the outcomes of the                Human Services
public involvement process, the challenges to achieving recovery, and            Education
the approaches or strategies to overcome them. Also provided is a                Parks, Recreation, and Tourism
discussion of future actions that the Bolivar Peninsula community needs
to consider as it implements the Bolivar Blueprint.                          Subcommittees were established for each sector to identify local
                                                                             concerns and evaluate potential solutions.

                                                                             The subcommittees met on April 13 and again on May 11 to identify
                                                                             strengths of Bolivar Peninsula that could be the foundation of its
                                                                             recovery. They also identified potential obstacles that would need to be
                                                                             overcome to achieve success and began to consider how decisions
                                                                             about recovery over the next several years might impact the
                                                                             community. A list of issues identified by the Steering Committee and
                                                                             subcommittees is provided in Appendix C.

                                                                             The Steering Committee convened a meeting on May 7 to draft a vision
                                                                             statement and to begin the process of crafting goals and objectives
                                                                             statements for the Bolivar Blueprint. The draft vision statement, goals,
                                                                             and objectives were presented to the subcommittees on May 11 and
                 Figure 1: Location of the Bolivar Peninsula

       Bolivar Blueprint                                                                                                                            1
further refined. The resulting vision statement and goals are discussed         On April 28 a public hearing took place at Crenshaw Elementary and
in Section 4.                                                                   Middle School. Over 100 people spoke about their hopes and fears
                                                                                for recovery on Bolivar Peninsula and all were transcribed for the
3. Public Involvement                                                           public hearing record. The transcript is presented in Appendix E.

The Bolivar Peninsula community played a critical role in the
                                                                                On April 30 the Technical Committee, which is comprised of County
development of the Bolivar Blueprint.
                                                                                officials, met to review the ideas of the subcommittees and the
                                                                                general public.
    On Saturday April 25, the Steering Committee hosted an all-day
    public Open House at Crenshaw Elementary and Middle School.
                                                                                On May 18 a second public Open House was held at Crenshaw
    Participants were provided with the opportunity to identify the
                                                                                Elementary and Middle School to present the Blueprint vision,
    strengths of Bolivar Peninsula, and the challenges that residents and
                                                                                goals, and objectives, and to convey next steps in the planning
    business owners will likely encounter as the recovery process
    continues. They also had opportunities to discuss recovery issues
    with members of the subcommittees. Comments provided by the
                                                                            The public involvement process resulted in a lengthy list of challenges
    public are presented in Appendix D.
                                                                            and issues that Bolivar Peninsula residents and business owners would
                                                                            like to resolve in the community’s post-disaster recovery. It also
                                                                            resulted in a list of strengths and characteristics of Bolivar Peninsula
                                                                            that are particularly cherished and should be preserved. In total, over
                                                                            900 comments were received during public meetings and through mail-
                                                                            in forms. These comments included ideas to consider before moving
                                                                            forward with developing a plan for the Peninsula recovery.

                                                                            Key recovery challenges identified through the public involvement
                                                                            process include the need for affordable housing, stormwater drainage
                                                                            maintenance and road repair, medical services, and economic
                                                                            development. Comments also describe happy memories of pre-disaster
                                                                            Bolivar Peninsula activities including fishing, crabbing, playing baseball,
                                                                            and swimming; and describe the much cherished quality of life on
                                                                            Bolivar Peninsula. Table 1 highlights examples of written comments
                                                                            received during the public involvement process.

2                                                                                                                         Bolivar Blueprint
Table 1: Sample Comments from Open House and Public Hearing                             protecting the natural environment, especially bird habitat and water
                                    Comment                                             quality. There was agreement on the importance of enhancing the
One feature of Bolivar that should be preserved is the large amount of open             Peninsula’s livability and increasing public safety. Committee members
space on the Peninsula, the spaces between buildings, and the general overall           concurred on the need to increase resiliency and reduce risk so that
low housing density.
                                                                                        damages will be less severe and livelihoods less disrupted the next time
I appreciate and enjoy the relative lack of regulation on Bolivar, i.e., the laissez-
                                                                                        a storm like Ike occurs. An analysis of the themes identified during the
faire approach to development. I feel that this has given character to the
Peninsula.                                                                              public involvement process as critical to the future of Bolivar Peninsula
We need to rebuild our dunes and replenish ground cover to stop sand from               resulted in the following vision statement:
blowing everywhere.
I am concerned about future flooding over roads and being unable to leave in            A rebuilt Bolivar Peninsula will be a resilient, affordable, and safe place
future evacuations.                                                                     to live where residents and visitors enjoy nature and recreation in a
Keep cars off the beach. Open access to the beaches doesn’t have to be by car.          diverse community of small businesses, families, and neighborhoods
We need a transfer station to dump trash and debris instead of leaving it on            close to water and beaches. It will be built with respect for the
lots and beaches.                                                                       environment and developed with sustainable land use, infrastructure,
We should provided classes on marine life and ocean studies and have camps              and community services.
for kids.
We need affordable housing; but recreational vehicles should be easily                  The Environment Subcommittee felt that it was important to achieve
movable in case of a hurricane threat.
                                                                                        this vision through education.
Stormwater is not draining to the Gulf Intracoastal Waterway (GIWW). Physical
barriers exist and need to be corrected. In some areas, storms have washed
away top layers of cover over buried utility pipes.

4. Recovery Vision
Community members have a wide array of opinions regarding the
recovery of Bolivar Peninsula. Some residents, for example, prefer
letting Bolivar Peninsula recover and redevelop with little or no
planning. At the other end of the spectrum are those who prefer a
deliberate process resulting in more controls to guide development and
reduce the risk of damage from future storms.

Overall agreement was reached by the Steering Committee and
subcommittees regarding the importance of preserving the
characteristics of Bolivar Peninsula that make it a treasured place to live
or visit. Committee members acknowledged the importance of

        Bolivar Blueprint                                                                                                                                             3
5. Recovery Goals                                                          Infrastructure
To achieve the vision, focused goals for each sector were established.
                                                                           Repair facilities damaged by Hurricane Ike and support Peninsula
These goals were developed collaboratively by the Steering Committee,
                                                                           population and economy with appropriate systems of transportation,
then reviewed and refined with subcommittee input on May 11.
                                                                           drainage, water supply, and wastewater treatment.
Similarly, objectives were identified to describe how the community
might begin to achieve each goal. On May 18 both goals and objectives
were presented to the community during an Open House at the
Crenshaw Elementary and Middle School.
                                                                               Review, update, and finalize existing Bolivar Peninsula Wastewater
Environment                                                                    Study
Goal:                                                                          Develop, implement, and maintain a Stormwater Drainage Master
Repair environmental damage caused by Hurricane Ike and resume                 Plan for the entire Peninsula in coordination with local, state, and
programs focused on environmental education, protection of wildlife            Federal entities
habitat, improvement of water quality, and support for a balanced              Improve Bolivar Peninsula access
ecosystem.                                                                     Harden utility facilities in a manner that reduces the risk of damage
                                                                               from future storms
Objectives:                                                                    Manage integrity of the dune system through beach management
                                                                               Review the possibility of incorporating the Peninsula
    Develop an environmental education and outreach program                    Provide a fuel depot on Bolivar Peninsula for first responders
    Re-establish and maintain the integrity of the beach/dune              Economy
    Re-establish and maintain the integrity of the marsh ecosystem
                                                                           Establish a diverse and resilient economy on Bolivar Peninsula.
    Re-establish and maintain the integrity of the terrestrial ecosystem
During the public involvement process for the Bolivar Blueprint, a large
number of residents commented on the future of Rollover Pass and
whether it should be kept open or closed. The pros and cons have been          Establish a program to provide small business opportunities and
widely debated, especially after Hurricane Ike. The Galveston County
Commissioners Court has adopted a resolution asking the State to               Re-establish the economy of Bolivar Peninsula by repairing park
conduct a study of the complex issues involved. The decision about the         facilities
Pass will be made by a legislative action of the State of Texas. The           Provide opportunities for eco-tourism
Bolivar Blueprint includes public comments associated with Rollover            Re-establish tourism economy by providing better access, clean
Pass for informational purposes only.                                          beaches, public safety, and affordable housing

4                                                                                                                       Bolivar Blueprint
    Provide basic services such as grocery stores for residents of Bolivar       Develop and implement a master plan for all parks on Bolivar
    Peninsula                                                                    Peninsula that addresses educational programming as well as
                                                                                 environmental protection
                                                                                 Support the Beach Parking Sticker Program using revenues to
                                                                                 enhance and maintain beaches
                                                                                 Utilize small areas of the beach to develop pocket parks with public
                                                                                 restrooms, showers, and access to the beach
                                                                                 Develop and implement a beach and bay use management plan that
                                                                                 addresses access, vehicles, vendors, dune stabilization, and
                                                                                 wetlands protection
                                                                             Establish safe, sustainable, and affordable housing.


                                                                                 Replace and repair housing to ease the housing deficiency caused by
                                                                                 Hurricane Ike
                                                                                 Utilize state and Federal programs to support efforts that provide
                                                                                 affordable housing on the Peninsula
                                                                                 Rebuild homes in a manner that enables them to withstand future
Parks, Recreation, and Tourism                                                   storm events with minimal damage and minimizes the cost to insure
Create comprehensive and diverse parks and recreation opportunities,
including eco-tourism, for residents and tourists.


    Investigate Federal, state, and private funding opportunities to
    support improvements for ballparks and public restrooms at
    Gregory Park

       Bolivar Blueprint                                                                                                                           5
                                                                             Establish procedures to facilitate collaboration and communication
                                                                             among various nonprofit and volunteer housing assistance
                                                                             Increase percentage of homeowners on Bolivar Peninsula who are
                                                                             registered to vote on Bolivar Peninsula
                                                                             Promote Bolivar Peninsula as a retirement community to increase
                                                                             percentage of full-time residents
                                                                             Increase use of deed restrictions and/or homeowner associations to
                                                                             protect property values
                                                                             Develop and enforce anchoring requirements for travel trailers and
                                                                             recreational vehicles that remain on Bolivar Peninsula for more than
                                                                             a very short period of time

Housing (continued)
    Educate homeowners and builders about “Green” building
    practices, such as incorporating Energy Star appliances and super
    insulation, and other measures to reduce energy and resource use
    to make housing more affordable
    Educate residents and builders about hazard mitigation building
    techniques and the potential benefits of utilizing stronger, safer,
    and better mitigation practices, such as reduced insurance
    premiums and reduced damages from future storms
    Promote awareness of available programs such as Community
    Development Block Grants (CDBG) and the Hazard Mitigation Grant
    Program (HMGP)
    Pre-qualify housing plans so that construction of affordable units
    can begin as soon as funding is available                             Human Services
    Establish an outreach program to contact people who might qualify     Goal:
    for assistance through nonprofit and volunteer housing assistance     Rebuild, re-establish, and expand human services to make Bolivar
    organizations                                                         Peninsula a safe, functional community.

6                                                                                                                    Bolivar Blueprint

    Enhance emergency response services that serve the needs of the
    Provide services for seniors that will allow them to remain in or
    return to their homes
    Provide opportunities for all Bolivar Peninsula residents to be active
    in their community
    Expand provision of basic medical services and an emergency clinic
    centrally located on Bolivar Peninsula
    Improve public safety on the Peninsula
Increase educational opportunities for students by promoting


    Promote youth programs and after school activities for all children      6. Recovery Approaches
                                                                             Defining a vision, goals, and objectives establishes the foundation for
During the public involvement process for the development of the             community recovery. Each decision the community makes should build
Bolivar Blueprint, a large number of residents commented on school           on the foundation. The disaster has brought significant physical change
issues. In some instances the comments recommended creating a single         to the Peninsula and residents are struggling with a wide range of
district to serve the Peninsula; in others comments indicated that the       recovery issues. Although much was lost, there are common threads
schools (Crenshaw and High Island) should remain open and                    that residents have held onto - a fierce independence, a love of the
independent. The Bolivar Blueprint process recognizes that these issues      rural, rustic character, and a desire to rebuild in a manner that is safe
may be addressed by the school districts. Comments are included in the       and resilient. These threads become the motivation to bring individual
Bolivar Blueprint for informational purposes only.                           recovery efforts together to rebuild the Bolivar Community.

                                                                             As the strategic recovery planning process unfolds, many different
                                                                             factors will affect the way the Peninsula is rebuilt. Some factors are
                                                                             related to the impact that the storm has had on individuals; some lost
                                                                             family members, others lost their entire household and some will not

       Bolivar Blueprint                                                                                                                              7
return. However, many see opportunities for rebirth and development.       general, Approach 1 strategies are largely influenced by market
Other factors are related to the requirements that will be administered    forces and individual choices.
through county, state and Federal programs. Although some things will
not change, Hurricane Ike has forever changed the Peninsula.               Approach 2 builds on the strategies in Approach 1 and adds
                                                                           strategies for updating existing plans and programs to
Through the visioning process (Section 4), the community can better        accommodate disaster related changes and opportunities for safer
focus on strategic actions and key programs and projects that jumpstart    redevelopment. This approach also recommends seeking Federal,
the community recovery process. These strategies will be developed by      state, and private sector funding for implementation. Strategies in
clarifying recovery issues and developing alternative solutions for        Approach 2 focus on community-wide revitalization and
addressing them. During the public involvement process, hundreds of        neighborhood recovery; community members are incentivized to
issues and challenges were identified. From there, the Bolivar Blueprint   work together towards a common vision.
Steering Committee and subcommittees developed a series of strategic
actions that can be applied to overcome these challenges.                  Approach 3 builds upon Approaches 1 and 2 and adds strategies for
                                                                           clustering development and establishing a greater degree of local
Community recovery from a disaster is not a linear process. In fact,       control and oversight on land development decisions. Approach 3 is
there is a wide range of choices and approaches to recovery. There will    the most comprehensive and requires strong community
never be a point at which recovery is fully achieved. Rather it is a       commitment and shared decision-making to implement plans to
continuous process during which people and projects will adjust as         ensure that all rebuilding meets minimum standards. Approach 3
conditions change.                                                         also leverages the regulatory process to improve the delivery of
                                                                           community and human services that historically have been too
                                                                           costly for individuals to provide on their own. Table 2 provides a
                                                                           comparison of these approaches.

Bolivar Peninsula is in an early phase of disaster recovery and the
Blueprint describes three broad approaches that the community might
consider as it evaluates different recovery strategies.

    Approach 1 recognizes that certain recovery activities for the
    community are currently underway. This approach focuses primarily
    on education and incentive programs that guide residents as they
    rebuild. Strategies under this approach leverage the State of Texas
    administered Hazard Mitigation Grant Program (HMGP) for
    voluntary buyout or elevation of flood damaged property. In

8                                                                                                                  Bolivar Blueprint
Table 2: Comparison of Approaches
             Characteristic                           Approach 1                          Approach 2                          Approach 3
What phrase best describes this
                                           Continuing past trends              Moving forward                     Taking a new direction
What is the level of change from past
                                           Modest                              Moderate                           Comprehensive
To what degree will this approach be a
                                           Slight                              Moderate                           Major
departure from previous practices?
What is the potential for mitigation                                                                              Significant potential for increased
                                           Modest potential as all new
against the effects of future storms?                                                                             mitigation with infill encouraged in
                                           structures comply with existing     Increased potential
                                                                                                                  safest areas buffered by dunes or
                                                                                                                  other protection
If this approach is utilized, will there   Few with continued recognition of
be localized differences across the        state and Federal guidance                                             Many with emphasis on rebuilding
Peninsula?                                 regarding Open Beaches and CBRA                                        in safer locations
How easy will it be to implement this                                                                             Moderately difficult with more
                                           Easiest with fewest changes         More difficult with some changes
approach?                                                                                                         changes
To what extent will there be
                                           Few                                 Modest                             More
organizational hurdles?
Is this approach fully enabled under
                                                                                                                  May require additional authority to
current state statutes, regulations and    Yes                                 Yes
                                                                                                                  guide development
local procedures?
Is this consistent with Hazard
Mitigation Buyouts and Enhancement         Yes                                 Yes                                Yes
of Dune area?
Are there prerequisites to use this                                                                               Yes, would require some kind of
approach in recovery?                      No                                  Possible                           coordinated plan or strategy
                                                                                                                  resulting from Bolivar Blueprint

       Bolivar Blueprint                                                                                                                             9
7. Recovery Strategies                                                      where individuality and preferences can coexist with strong, safe,
                                                                            sustainable rebuilding practices.
Throughout the 34 mile length of Bolivar Peninsula, there is a wide
range of neighborhoods and diverse development styles. This rural           In Tables 3 through 7 the strategies are organized according to the
rustic diversity has been an important part of the character of the         seven sectors identified by the Bolivar Blueprint Steering Committee.
community. The approaches to implementing recovery strategies have          These sample strategies for addressing the issues and concerns faced by
been designed to enable residents and community leaders to maintain         Bolivar Peninsula during its recovery do not uniquely belong in these
this character as rebuilding occurs. Strategies do no have to be            sectors. Many strategies will be critical to achieving multiple objectives,
implemented uniformly. The unique needs and opportunities of areas          and no single strategy will achieve a goal or objective alone. For
within the community may require that strategies be tailored. The           example, implementing an environmental strategy may create the
overriding outcome of the recovery process is to create a community         opportunity for local eco-tourism businesses to start-up, which in turn
                                                                            will enhance the local economy.

Table 3: Environment Strategies
     Key Issue                    Approach 1 Strategies                    Approach 2 Strategies                       Approach 3 Strategies
Beach, Dune and            Use disaster related HMGP or other         Prepare and update the County               Work with the County to update
Shoreline                  mitigation program buyout                  Beach Management Plan                       the Hazard Mitigation Plan to
Restoration                opportunities to increase beach/dune       incorporating small scale dune              incorporate a long-term hazard
                           land area.                                 improvements in key/vulnerable              buyout program for the Peninsula.
                           Develop and implement a public             areas.                                      Prepare and update the County
                           education program on responsible           Seek funding to implement the plan          Beach Management Plan that
                           beach/dune practices and behavior.         and plant native vegetation.                incorporates to large scale dune
                                                                                                                  and vegetation improvements.
                                                                                                                  Seek funding to implement the
                                                                                                                  Incorporate “back of dune” multi-
                                                                                                                  use trails and public access
                                                                                                                  walkways over dunes.
                                                                                                                  Develop public access areas with
                                                                                                                  parking and amenities.
Erosion                    Seek volunteer assistance to replant and   Provide budget in public                    Develop erosion and sediment
                           reseed open spaces.                        improvements projects for planting          control plan.
                                                                      and habitat restoration.

10                                                                                                                        Bolivar Blueprint
Table 3: Environment Strategies
     Key Issue                    Approach 1 Strategies                       Approach 2 Strategies                     Approach 3 Strategies
Marshland                  Develop and distribute an educational        Seek state and or Federal funding for      Obtain state and Federal assistance
Restoration and            program related to the value of marsh        small scale wetland acquisition and        to design and construct an
Protection                 and wetlands, and associated risks and       marshland restoration projects.            environmentally sensitive barrier
                           threats related to marsh and wetland         Encourage agency coordination to           system adjacent to GIWW.
                           loss.                                        address wetlands protection.
Public Education           Establish additional interpretive signs at   Encourage involvement of schools           Develop and adopt a
                           public parks.                                and youth groups on possible               comprehensive environmental
                                                                        restoration activities/projects.           protection plan for sensitive and
                                                                        Seek state and Federal assistance to       valuable habitat areas.
                                                                        fund restoration projects.
Lighting                   Provide education about light pollution      Provide strategic security lighting in     Adopt lighting ordinances and
                           and safety issues.                           critical areas and major                   restrictions.
Vehicles on Beach          Educate public on impacts associated         Provide alternatives to driving on the     Adopt beach access regulations.
                           with driving on beaches.                     beach.                                     Restrict times and locations when
                                                                        Encourage minimizing use of                vehicular traffic is allowed on
                                                                        passenger vehicles on the beach.           beaches.
                                                                                                                   Construct facilities that will allow
                                                                                                                   beach access minimizing impact on
Environmental              Prepare informational brochures on a         Construct kiosks, seasonably staffed       Establish a fully staffed nature
Education                  variety of environmental issues on           and located in visible and accessible      center to share information on
                           Bolivar Peninsula for public distribution.   locations.                                 local history and natural
                                                                                                                   environmental assets such as

Approach 1: Beach Redevelopment Strategy                                       Approach 2 and 3: Beach Redevelopment Strategy

       Bolivar Blueprint                                                                                                                               11
Table 4: Infrastructure Strategies
     Key Issue                     Approach 1 Strategies                  Approach 2 Strategies                  Approach 3 Strategies
Wastewater                   Update the current Sanitary Sewer       Seek technical assistance from the   Identify and develop sewage
Treatment                    Master Plan to reflect current          US Environmental Protection          treatment technologies that are
                             conditions and incorporate new          Agency to help guide the             sustainable for small scale localized
                             treatment technology consistent with    development of the Master Plan.      treatment.
                             protecting open space areas and         Conduct feasibility studies for      Expand Special Utility District services
                             serving clusters of development.        appropriate wastewater collection    to address issues associated with
                             Enforce existing wastewater             and treatment systems for the        wastewater collection and treatment.
                             treatment and septic system             Peninsula considering                Evaluate feasibility of regional
                             regulations.                            environmental impacts and growth     wastewater treatment system.
Flooding of State            Elevate State Highway 87 per current    Work with the H-GAC to secure        Work with H-GAC to develop a
Highway 87/Lack of           TxDOT plans.                            local and State funding to improve   program to establish alternative
Access to/from               Work with the Chamber of Commerce       the Ferry Landing location on the    transportation options on Bolivar
Peninsula                    to establish a public education         Bolivar Peninsula side to include    Peninsula.
                             campaign on ferry boat operation,       message boards with live Ferry       Evaluate impacts associated with
                             schedules, and where to get service     information.                         elevating State Highway 87 and
                             information.                                                                 ancillary roads relative to evacuation.

Stormwater                   Clean out roadside ditches and          Develop strategies to improve        Develop a stormwater management
Drainage System              culverts.                               existing drainage issues and         plan for entire Peninsula including
                             Develop a “Do Not Dump in Ditches”      periodically improve deteriorating   ways to improve the drainage facilities
                             community education program to          drainage ways.                       and water quality.
                             promote keeping ditches and culverts                                         Establish a revenue stream to provide
                             free of trash and debris.                                                    perpetual maintenance.
Water Supply and             Leave current water system as is.       Increase both ground level and       Improve water system to provide
Distribution                 Make necessary repairs and continue     elevated storage capacity of         adequate pressure and distribution for
                             educating the public on water quality   system.                              fire protection and general usage by
                             and conservation programs.                                                   homes and businesses.

12                                                                                                                   Bolivar Blueprint
Table 4: Infrastructure Strategies
      Key Issue                    Approach 1 Strategies                Approach 2 Strategies                    Approach 3 Strategies
Fire Protection              Provide education to community         Create and enforce up to date fire   Establish centralized fire fighting and
System                       about good fire prevention measures.   codes.                               emergency medical services within
                                                                                                         centralized locations, that serve
                                                                                                         residents and visitors with a similar
                                                                                                         response time as found in similar rural
                                                                                                         Incorporate multiple locations for
                                                                                                         water access for fire fighting from
                                                                                                         buried tanks and drafting locations
                                                                                                         with dry hydrants at channels.
                                                                                                         Increase size of waterline and modify
                                                                                                         existing water system to allow for
                                                                                                         adequate water pressure for fire
Future Damage                Educate the public on value of         Adopt stricter flood protection      Adopt utility standards to guide future
                             securing outdoor furniture and         standards such as increased          utility construction.
                             fixtures to prevent debris related     freeboard above the BFE.             Consider adopting code to amend
                             damage in future storms.                                                    County Floodplain Management
                                                                                                         Ordinance to increase BFE by 2 feet.

       Bolivar Blueprint                                                                                                                     13
Table 5: Economy Strategies
     Key Issue                     Approach 1 Strategies                 Approach 2 Strategies                     Approach 3 Strategies
Lack of Basic                 Research sources of technical         Develop a small business low            Work with the Chamber of Commerce,
Services for Small            support for small business owners.    interest loan program to assist local   County, and H-GAC to establish a
Business                      Work with the Chamber of              businesses.                             marketing program to attract industry
                              Commerce to promote this program                                              to Bolivar Peninsula.
                              to small business owners.                                                     Include the study of potential revenue
                                                                                                            streams related to tourism as part of
                                                                                                            the marketing program for the
Diminishing Land              Educate property owners, realtors,    Adopt additional storm mitigation       Adopt new and stricter building codes.
Values                        and renters on the safety and value   measures to reduce potential future     Develop comprehensive planning
                              of mitigated properties.              storm damage.                           document to determine possible land
Lack of                       Promote and educate the public on     Dedicate additional wetlands areas.     Create comprehensive wetlands/open
Opportunities for             presence of land holdings and         Work with the Chamber of                space policy and develop plan to
Eco-tourism                   sanctuaries because habitat           Commerce and other economic             attract more visitors.
                              protection is good for business.      development agencies to market          Examine opportunities to establish an
                                                                    the area for eco-tourism visitors.      accessible State park on Bolivar
                                                                                                            Research opportunities to develop eco-

14                                                                                                                     Bolivar Blueprint
Table 6: Parks, Recreation, and Tourism Strategies
      Key Issue                      Approach 1 Strategies             Approach 2 Strategies                  Approach 3 Strategies
Damaged Public Parks              Restore parks to pre-disaster      Establish improvement            Expand park maintenance and services.
                                  conditions.                        projects for ball fields and
                                                                     public facilities at Gregory
Lack of Public Amenities          Increase land area available for   Work with the Galveston          Create Bolivar Peninsula parks and beach
at Beaches                        beach/dunes system through         County Parks system to           use master plan to include comprehensive
                                  disaster HMGP and other            update Galveston County          improvements, access management vendor
                                  mitigation program buyout          Parks Master Plan.               management and centralized attractions.
                                  opportunities.                     Include requests for planning,   Identify funding such as the parking sticker
                                                                     design, and implementation       program, for implementing the plan.
                                                                     of beach access, parking, and    Expand development of Fort Travis for
                                                                     support facilities.              educational opportunities and provide
                                                                                                      services/facilities for recreational vehicle
Fishing Piers                     Leave fishing amenities as they    Fund and construct fishing       Study and implement improvements that
                                  are today.                         piers on both Gulf and Bay       maximize opportunities to attract fishing
                                  Encourage private investment in    sides of Bolivar Peninsula.      visitors such as piers and jetties.
                                  sport fishing services and new
                                  dock/pier infrastructure.
Implement Current                 Establish county-wide outreach     Seek funding to implement        Incorporate a Bolivar Peninsula Parks and
Galveston County Parks,           program about the assets on        plan elements.                   Beaches component into the 5-year
Recreation and Open               Bolivar Peninsula.                                                  Galveston County Master Plan to include
Space Master Plan                                                                                     new facilities.
                                                                                                      Establish local revenue stream to re-invest
                                                                                                      into community and fund elements of this
                                                                                                      revised plan.

       Bolivar Blueprint                                                                                                                       15
Table 7: Housing, Human Services, and Education Strategies
        Key Issue                             Approach 1 Strategies                   Approach 2 Strategies          Approach 3 Strategies
Replace Destroyed                   Pre-qualify housing plans so that               Develop and enforce            Promote the development of
Housing/Repair Damaged              construction of affordable units can begin as   requirements for anchoring     subdivision regulations for all
Housing                             soon as funding is available.                   trailers and temporary         neighborhoods to protect
                                                                                    mobile homes.                  property values and control
                                    Utilize state and Federal programs to support
                                                                                    Establish a program to         land use and development.
                                    efforts that provide affordable housing on
                                                                                    develop and organize
                                    the Peninsula.
                                                                                    neighborhood associations
                                    Work with private nonprofit groups and the
                                                                                    throughout the Peninsula.
                                    County to develop home designs.
                                    Establish procedures to facilitate
                                    collaboration and communication among
                                    various nonprofit and volunteer housing
                                    assistance organizations.
Affordable Housing                  Educate local business leaders on the need to   Encourage and help             Identify and partner with
                                    provide workforce housing for seasonal          low/moderate income            local volunteer agencies to
                                    employment.                                     residents to secure loans to   assist their efforts which
                                                                                    buy homes.                     enable residents to rebuild
                                    Undertake a builder/developer program or
                                                                                    Identify and promote           homes.
                                    fair to discuss options and opportunities for
                                                                                    incentives for building        Develop public/private
                                    workforce housing development.
                                                                                    clusters of homes to keep      partnerships that will enable
                                    Establish outreach program to contact           costs affordable.              the construction of workforce
                                    people who might qualify for assistance                                        housing developments in
                                    through nonprofit and volunteer housing                                        specific areas.
                                    assistance organizations.
                                    Promote awareness of available programs
                                    such as Community Development Block
                                    Grants (CDBG) and the Hazard Mitigation
                                    Grant Program (HMGP).

16                                                                                                                   Bolivar Blueprint
Table 7: Housing, Human Services, and Education Strategies
         Key Issue                             Approach 1 Strategies                     Approach 2 Strategies          Approach 3 Strategies
Help Residents Return               Create a database of homestead residents;          Promote Bolivar Peninsula as   Increase use of deed
Home                                utilize this database to communicate with          a retirement community to      restrictions and/or
                                    residents.                                         increase percentage of full-   homeowner associations to
                                                                                       time residents.                protect property values.
                                                                                       Rebuild homes in a manner
                                                                                       that enables them to
                                                                                       withstand future storm
                                                                                       events with minimal damage
                                                                                       and minimizes the cost to
Model Coastal Housing               Educate residents and builders about hazard        Work with a local developer    Establish and promote the
                                    mitigation building techniques and the             to build a model coastal       use of a set of development
                                    potential benefits of utilizing stronger, safer,   home to display the key        standards for property on
                                    and better mitigation practices, such as           elements and importance of     Bolivar Peninsula.
                                    reduced insurance premiums and reduced             modern building practices      Establish an incentive based
                                    damages from future storms.                        and standards.                 program to assist residents to
                                    Educate homeowners and builders about                                             rebuild strong, safe and
                                    “Green” building practices, such as                                               resilient homes based on
                                    incorporating Energy Star appliances and                                          coastal building codes.
                                    super insulation, and other measures to
                                    reduce energy and resource use to make
                                    housing more affordable.
Lack of After School                Develop educational and recreational               Establish a local group that   Improve the existing
Programs/Activities                 programs to serve all residents as well as         will work to create            community center to enable
                                    visitors.                                          public/private partnerships    expanded recreational
                                                                                       for project development.       programs.
Lack of Programs for                Re-establish County programs, such as meals-       Identify successful programs   Research opportunities for
Seniors                             on-wheels to assist seniors as they return         in other communities to        funding additional programs
                                    home.                                              replicate in the community.    to assist seniors.

       Bolivar Blueprint                                                                                                                         17
Table 7: Housing, Human Services, and Education Strategies
          Key Issue                           Approach 1 Strategies                       Approach 2 Strategies           Approach 3 Strategies
Lack of Education on                Establish an educational program on storm           Identify a location on the      Request assistance from
Recovery Programs and               mitigation practices, green building, setback       Peninsula where                 experts to organize
Sustainable Building                lines and programs to assist residents to           homeowners and builders         educational seminars on
Practices                           rebuild.                                            can obtain information on       sustainable building practices.
                                                                                        sustainable building
Improve Basic Medical               Provide location for distribution of health         Establish part-time public      Create incentives and
Services                            care pamphlets and brochures commonly               health clinic.                  subsidize a full time medical
                                    distributed in medical clinics.                     Study possibilities for grant   clinic
                                                                                        or nonprofit funding to         Study options for
                                                                                        subsidize clinic.               public/private partnerships.
Trash Collection                    Educate the public on the environmental             Build a transfer station for    Create system of mandatory
                                    impact of litter in critical turtle and migratory   residents to bring trash for    trash collection for residential
                                    bird habitat.                                       regular removal.                and commercial users.
                                    Educate the public on the negative impacts of                                       Establish a recycling
                                    litter on tourism.                                                                  collection program including
                                                                                                                        curbside pick-up and drop-off
Law Enforcement                     Create an outreach program with pamphlets           Increase law enforcement        Supplement Galveston
                                    and brochures to educate the public on              during peak times and           County law enforcement
                                    beach and environmental laws.                       expand services for             efforts with staff paid for
                                                                                        surveillance of environmental   locally.
                                                                                        areas.                          Develop a centralized public
                                                                                        Study the benefits of           safety office.
                                                                                        implementing a
                                                                                        Neighborhood Watch

18                                                                                                                        Bolivar Blueprint
Table 7: Housing, Human Services, and Education Strategies
          Key Issue                           Approach 1 Strategies                         Approach 2 Strategies                Approach 3 Strategies
Fire Fighting/EMS                   Allow Volunteer Fire Departments at Port              Request Galveston County             Request construction of
                                    Bolivar and High Island to return to previous         build combination fire and           second combination station
                                    levels.                                               EMS station in Crystal Beach         on eastern end of Crystal
                                    Encourage Crystal Beach VFD to rebuild and            staffed with paid and                Beach to be staffed with both
                                    re-establish services.                                volunteer personnel around           paid and volunteer personnel.
                                    Educate community on fire safety and                  the clock.
                                    firework dangers to public.                           Provide incentives to attract
                                                                                          more volunteers.
                                                                                          Create and enforce necessary
                                                                                          building codes to reduce
                                                                                          damage due to fire.
Mosquito Control Program            Continue with County program requesting               Raise local funds to                 Create and manage a Bolivar
                                    expedited return to pre-storm service.                supplement and improve the           Peninsula mosquito control
                                                                                          County program.                      program as a component of
                                                                                                                               local public works or health

Coordinating Recovery Strategies                                                    When considering, coordinating, or grouping strategies, the following
The recovery strategy matrixes provide a range of potential solutions for           examples have been developed to illustrate the process:
many of the unmet needs and challenges of Bolivar Peninsula. The
community must evaluate which of these presents the best solution. To                       The relationship between a waste water master plan and the
do this, next steps include:                                                                development of restroom facilities for parks and beach access
        Defining and refining the strategies (answering the questions:                      The development of the County Hazard Mitigation Plan and
        who, what, where, when, why, and how for each strategy)                             plans for beach and dune improvements.
        Coordinating and grouping strategies from different sectors                         The relationship between parks and natural areas and locations
        Developing conceptual cost estimates for projects and programs                      where businesses can develop for eco-tourism.

The Bolivar Blueprint Steering Committee and subcommittees should                   Research and subsequent discussion will provide an understanding of
continue to work toward completing these steps in the coming months.                how one project might open doors and create opportunities for another
                                                                                    project, help identify alternative ideas and define benefits, challenges,

       Bolivar Blueprint                                                                                                                                    19
and stumbling blocks that might prevent a strategy from being                         Opportunities and strategies for economic development
implemented.                                                                          Regulating access to new service in environmentally sensitive
This process will require committee members to take on tasks to                       Analyzing the benefits attributed to reduced water pollution
investigate parts of the strategy and will require committee cooperation              Developing construction standards for safer and better
to bring the pieces together into a fully developed recovery project.                 buildings
Included in Appendix G is the ESF #14 Long Term Community Recovery                    Considering methods to provide workforce housing
Decision Making Tool. This document can guide community efforts in                    Protecting beach/dune and marshland ecosystems
evaluating recovery ideas and building agreement on preferred projects                Determining density of future development
and programs. As this process progresses, the information collected                   Developing eco-tourism strategies
forms the foundation of a community planning document that can                        Creating opportunities for public/private partnerships in
foster cooperation and consensus building within the community.                       housing/business/conservancy

The advantages of a more structured planning process for Bolivar             Strategies, plans, and programs developed through this process become
Peninsula will help achieve solutions to complex challenges identified in    a part of the continuum of recovery. Future actions related to priorities
the Bolivar Blueprint. This process can help bring together the strategies   and funding will require the community to continue to work together
for recovery and community redevelopment in a cohesive and                   for many years.
coordinated manner. It can demonstrate the community’s commitment                               Advantages of Structured Planning Process
to maintain its rustic character, restore and safeguard the natural storm
surge protection system, and to protect ecosystems by promoting
clustered development. The planning process can also help coordinate
infrastructure redevelopment in a manner that will stimulate economic
recovery and complement community and environmental goals.

A more structured planning process can be coordinated with the on-
going County-wide parks planning effort as well as the development of a
waste water plan update. In all of these cases, the Bolivar Blueprint
Steering Committee should coordinate with the County and other
agencies to support these efforts. Research required to prepare for this
study may include:

        Understanding the current utility services provided and future
        potential capacities to provide services                             Post Hurricane-Ike Conditions              Future Beach and
        Needs and trends related to public beach access                                                                 Neighborhood Area Concept

20                                                                                                                           Bolivar Blueprint
8. Future Actions                                                            impacts, but also to long-term effects on the future of Bolivar Peninsula.
                                                                             The following list of questions may be useful to consider:
The post-disaster recovery process is a multi-year process that requires
active participation not only by local government officials but also by
                                                                                 How can we accomplish this goal?
community residents. The future commitment and active involvement
                                                                                 What efforts are currently underway in the community to advance
of the Bolivar Blueprint committees and Galveston County are critical to
                                                                                 the goal and ideas?
the successful recovery of Bolivar Peninsula. Decisions made regarding
                                                                                 What prevents progress towards success in the goal, ongoing efforts
the future of this community will necessitate public involvement and
                                                                                 or ideas?
consent to prioritize issues and to obtain funding. Future actions will be
                                                                                 What potential projects or programs help accomplish our goal?
based on the ability to make informed decisions and obtain funding
                                                                                 What opportunities exist to enhance potential projects and
                                                                                 What benefits and challenges do these options present?
Decision-making Considerations                                                   What internal and external resources are available to pursue these
Before recovery decisions are finalized, alternative strategies for              options?
addressing a problem should be identified and evaluated so that the              What is the preferred project or program option?
best strategy will be selected for implementation. All of the benefits or        What must be done to move a preferred option forward? Who will
positive effects as well as the costs or negative consequences should be         take responsibility? What are target completion dates?
well understood. Benefits and costs are not necessarily monetary. There
can, for example, be benefits associated with community character and
costs associated with a lack of community cohesiveness. For some                                       Outside Considerations
projects, the initial investment may seem high, but this should be           There are many decisions that will have serious effects on the recovery
evaluated in light of future benefits, such as less disruption and a         process and future life on Bolivar Peninsula that will not be made by the
quicker recovery from the effects of a future storm.                         community. Such decisions may include those of the GLO on the limits
                                                                             of the public beach and on Rollover Pass; those of the U.S. Department
One important consideration for future planning purposes is assessing        of the Interior, Fish and Wildlife Services regarding CBRA zone
how an action that supports one goal will actually help the community        boundaries; and those of the USACE regarding restoration of wetlands
to achieve multiple goals. For example, strategies discussed in the          and utilization of the GIWW. Similarly, the findings of FEMA flood
Blueprint concerning parks can positively affect the economy by              studies are beyond the control of Bolivar Peninsula residents, yet these
attracting additional tourists to the Peninsula.                             will affect elevation requirements and the location of Velocity or V-
Another important consideration is the identification of potential
unintended consequences. Before a final decision is made regarding any
                                                                             The decision making process is difficult. Sector interests may conflict
strategy, serious thought should be given to not only the short term
                                                                             and long-standing independent communities, separated by geography
                                                                             and family history for generations, must work together. Opinions will

       Bolivar Blueprint                                                                                                                            21
vary on what to address first, and how to allocate limited resources.      The U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) has
Continuing to meet and work together to resolve issues will help           also made post-disaster funding available for housing and
maintain forward progress. The Bolivar Blueprint provides a starting       infrastructure rebuilding to the State of Texas. ORCA will administer
point for these conversations and guides these decisions. Once             the over $165 million allocated for Galveston County for disaster
decisions are made, funding strategies can be identified to implement      recovery (Galveston County, 2009).
recovery projects.
                                                                           To facilitate applying for grant funding, the community may benefit
Funding                                                                    from the ongoing effort to update the Galveston County Hazard
Beyond the millions of dollars already expended by FEMA Public             Mitigation Plan.
Assistance (PA) for debris removal and emergency repairs, additional PA
funds will be available for some permanent reconstruction projects.        Funding and technical assistance for recovery projects may be
Reconstruction projects will include repair and replacement of some        available through private organizations and state agencies, and
critical facilities damaged by Hurricane Ike and will involve mitigation   through Federal government programs. For information on
measures to reduce the likelihood that such damage will be experienced     additional funding sources, review the Guide to Disaster Recovery
in the future.                                                             Programs, Draft update of FEMA 229(4), which is also referred to as
                                                                           the Texas Community Recovery Resource Guide. It is available at
     FEMA also has made HMGP funding available to the State of Texas.
     The State has identified property acquisition or buyouts as its top   ce_guide_09.pdf.
     priority for HMGP funding. To receive an HMGP grant, a local
     community must identify individual projects and apply through
     Texas Department of Public Safety, Division of Emergency

22                                                                                                                  Bolivar Blueprint
                                                           Figure 2: Recovery Resource Timeline

The recovery resource timeline (Figure 2) highlights the key decision points that must be made in order to benefit from potentially available resources.

       Bolivar Blueprint                                                                                                                               23
Next Steps                                                                             Explore the development of more complex recovery projects to
In upcoming months, the Bolivar Blueprint Committee and                                accomplish multiple objectives.
subcommittees, the Galveston County Commissioners Court, and                           Engage the community in undertaking a more structured planning
Bolivar residents will need to consider a number of actions to facilitate              process that could lead to a Bolivar Peninsula long-range master
post-disaster recovery. Next steps may include:                                        plan.

     Continue meeting to define and refine recovery strategies.                   Recovery is a process. The Peninsula has made great strides in
     Continue to monitor studies, reports, and regulatory changes from            establishing its framework for future recovery efforts. However, more
     local, state, and Federal agencies.                                          work needs to be done. Figure 3 is a process timeline illustrating
     Broaden participation by community members in the recovery                   milestones that Bolivar Peninsula may wish to consider as it continues
     process by encouraging membership on subcommittees.                          with its long-term community recovery.
     Develop easily implementable projects to demonstrate that the
     recovery process is progressing.

                                                             Figure 3: Recovery Process Timeline

24                                                                                                                            Bolivar Blueprint
Appendix A. Becoming Familiar with Bolivar Peninsula
While many readers of this report will be intimately familiar with the       The Peninsula has had at least five distinct areas of settlement: Port
Peninsula, others may not know its geography and history, or conditions      Bolivar on the western end, Crystal Beach on the Gulf side in the middle,
that existed shortly before and immediately after the hurricane. This        Caplen east of Crystal Beach and immediately west of Rollover Pass,
section of the report presents background information necessary for          Gilchrist immediately east of Rollover Pass, and High Island at the
readers who are unfamiliar with Bolivar Peninsula and will help put          eastern end of the Peninsula. Each of these communities is unique with
recovery challenges and the strategy options into perspective.               its own personality and areas of concern.

The Bolivar Peninsula was described in a 1978 document titled Bolivar        State Highway 87 runs the length of Bolivar Peninsula and provides the
Peninsula: Growth Management and Beach Access Study, which was               only east-west roadway that extends the entire length of the Peninsula.
prepared by Texas A&M University, as “a place, a destination, a state of     Free public ferries operated by TxDOT connect Highway 87 at Port
mind. It is a fragile environment… constantly changing in configuration.”    Bolivar to Galveston Island and provide the only means of access to
The description of life on Bolivar Peninsula offered in the study as         Bolivar Peninsula from the west. To the east, Highway 87 connects to
“characterized by its relaxed atmosphere, its rural open spaces, its         Highway 124 near High Island, which runs north into Chambers County
seasonal recreational activity, and its lifestyle dependent on the bay and   providing the only eastern connection point to the Peninsula.
Gulf” is still appropriate 30 years later (Texas A&M University, 1978).
                                                                             Ground elevations on Bolivar Peninsula vary from sea level to
                                                                             approximately 25 feet above sea level at High Island, which has the
                                                                             highest natural elevation along the Gulf Coast between Mobile, AL and
The Bolivar Peninsula is a 34-mile long peninsula between Galveston          the Yucatán Peninsula in Mexico. The entire Peninsula, except for High
Bay and the Gulf of Mexico. The Bolivar Peninsula is connected to the        Island and a small section of Port Bolivar, is within a Special Flood
mainland to the east at High Island and is bounded on the west by the        Hazard Area as identified on FEMA Flood Insurance Rate Maps.
mouth of Galveston Bay, which separates the Peninsula from Galveston
Island by approximately 3 miles. The width of the Peninsula varies from      The Peninsula has several important locations to birds and
about 3 miles at Crystal Beach to less than one-fourth of a mile at          birdwatchers. Land designated as bird sanctuary and managed by the
Rollover Pass. The pass at Rollover connects the Gulf of Mexico to the       Houston Audubon Society totals more than 2,300 acres on Bolivar
East Bay of Galveston Bay and effectively makes the western part of          Peninsula. Bolivar Flats, at the western end of the Peninsula, has been
Bolivar Peninsula an island. The Gulf Intracoastal Waterway (GIWW)           recognized by the Western Hemisphere Shorebird Reserve Network as
extends the length of Bolivar Peninsula on the north or bay side.            an important resting and feeding location for migrating shorebirds from
                                                                             throughout the Western Hemisphere. Table 8 lists conservation areas.

       Bolivar Blueprint                                                                                                                           25
                                                 Appendix A. Becoming Familiar with Bolivar Peninsula

                                                    Table 8: Bird Sanctuaries on Bolivar Peninsula
                                    Name                                                 Habitat Features                          Acres
              Boy Scout Woods (Louis B. Smith Bird Sanctuary) Oaks, coastal prairie, and wetlands                                     60
              Smith Oaks Bird Sanctuary                          Oaks, ponds, wetlands, and coastal prairie                          143
              Eubank Woods Bird Sanctuary                        Woods and wetlands                                                  9.5
              S.E. Gast Red Bay Sanctuary                        Woods and former pasture                                            8.8
              Mundy Marsh Bird Sanctuary                         Coastal wetlands and prairie                                        368
              Horseshoe Marsh                                    Salt marsh and coastal prairie surrounding a shallow tidal lagoon   650
              Bolivar Flats Shorebird Sanctuary                  Salt marsh, mud flats, and beach                                  1,146

                                                                              major metropolitan areas of Houston, Galveston, Beaumont, and Port
The population of the Bolivar Peninsula grew rapidly in the 1960s and
again in the 1990s as shown in Table 9.                                       Abbreviated History of Bolivar Peninsula
                                                                              The abbreviated history of the Bolivar Peninsula that follows shows that
Table 9: Bolivar Peninsula Population                                         the economy and infrastructure have changed radically several times in
     Source         Population        Change from previous Census             the past, just as they may during the post-disaster recovery process. It
2000 U.S. Census         3,853                              33 percent        also shows that hurricanes and the fragility of the natural environment
1990 U.S. Census         2,897                               9 percent        have been a constant part of life on Bolivar Peninsula. Due its geological
1980 U.S. Census         2,670                              10 percent        and environmental attributes and its general remoteness, Bolivar
1970 U.S. Census         2,424                              43 percent        Peninsula has had a colorful history.
1960 U.S. Census         1,694                          Not applicable
                                                                              As a barrier island accessible by ship, the Bolivar Peninsula played a role
Population was estimated to have decreased by approximately 3                 in the early history of European exploration of Texas. As with other
percent between 2000 and 2007 (Texas Data Center, 2008). Galveston            locations along the Gulf Coast, the pirate Jean Lafitte is said to have
County officials estimate that the resident population 8 months after         visited there. The Peninsula is known to have been instrumental in the
the storm to be about 1,250.                                                  slave trade between Galveston and Louisiana. Because the Peninsula
                                                                              was also used in the early-nineteenth century by Texans who sought to
According to 2000 U.S. Census data, approximately 50 percent of Bolivar       free Mexico from Spain, the Bolivar Peninsula is named for Simón
Peninsula residents were retired or not employed. Of the 50 percent           Bolívar (1783–1830), South American hero in the struggle for
that did have jobs, 40 percent commuted less than 20 minutes; 15              independence. In addition, notorious outlaws Bonnie Parker and Clyde
percent commuted 20 to 40 minutes; and 45 percent commuted more               Barrow are said to have visited the Peninsula.
than 40 minutes to jobs. This suggests commutes extending to the

26                                                                                                                          Bolivar Blueprint
                                                   Appendix A. Becoming Familiar with Bolivar Peninsula

Rollover Pass is reportedly named for the activity of smugglers who
rolled barrels of freight across the Peninsula from ships in the Gulf to        Fort Travis, near the southern end of Bolivar Peninsula, is named for a
ships in East Bay to avoid paying tariffs levied on wares imported              hero of the Alamo, Colonel William B. Travis (1806–1836). It began as an
through the Port of Galveston.                                                  earthwork at Point Bolivar in 1816 and was rebuilt as a mud fort in
                                                                                1820. In 1898, during the Spanish-American War, a brick fortress was
In the 1840s, farmers on Bolivar Peninsula supplemented their incomes           built on the site of Fort Travis. The fort was heavily damaged during the
by harvesting whale oil. After the Civil War, farmers on Bolivar Peninsula      1900 Hurricane and repairs included the 15-foot sea wall built around
had success with Sea Island cotton as a cash crop. By 1880, Bolivar             the fort by the USACE. The fort was enlarged during World War II and
Peninsula had become the watermelon capital of Texas. By 1885, Bolivar          2,500 troops were stationed there.
Peninsula also produced half of all the oysters in Texas from its 15-mile
oyster reef along the south shore of East Bay.                                  The economy of Bolivar Peninsula in the first half of the twentieth
                                                                                century was based on agriculture and ranching with some support from
After the Civil War, the protruding salt dome of High Island attracted a        oil production. The pasture to the west of Rollover Pass supported some
few settlers who covered much of it with peach and plum orchards. By            10,000 head of cattle and 2,000 sheep and the pasture to the east of
the end of the nineteenth century, the economy of High Island had               Rollover supported approximately 12,000 head of cattle.
diversified into oil production and tourism.

In 1872, Port Bolivar acquired its most familiar landmark when the 117-
foot tall lighthouse was completed. The brick and cast-iron-clad
lighthouse was officially retired in 1933 and was sold by the government
as surplus property in 1947.

The North Jetty was constructed from the southwestern end of the
Peninsula into the Gulf to provide protection for the deepwater channel
between the Gulf and Galveston Bay. Jetty construction began in 1874
and was completed in 1898. In addition to protecting shipping, the jetty        In 1896, the Gulf and Interstate Railway began operation between Port
is used for sports fishing and provides some beach erosion protection           Bolivar and Beaumont and the railway became part of the Santa Fe
for the beaches in the Port Bolivar area.                                       Railway in 1908. Despite destruction of rail lines and equipment by
                                                                                Category 4 hurricanes in 1900 and 1915, service continued between
During the Hurricane of 1900, the 125 residents of Bolivar Peninsula            Port Bolivar and High Island until the Great Depression led to
who sought refuge in the lighthouse were spared. But death and                  abandonment of the service in 1932.
destruction were everywhere on the Peninsula with almost every home
washed away and 41 people killed. The recovery of the Peninsula from            Free public ferry services began operating between Port Bolivar and
that hurricane is reported to have taken at least five years.                   Galveston under the control of the Texas State Highway Department

       Bolivar Blueprint                                                                                                                              27
                                                 Appendix A. Becoming Familiar with Bolivar Peninsula

(now TxDOT) in 1933. During 2008, nearly 1,682,000 vehicles used the          amount of damage. The most devastated areas were Gilchrist and
ferry service with a peak month usage of nearly 176,000 during July. The      Crystal Beach in the center of the Peninsula.
average number of vehicles using the ferry on a single day in January
2008 was 3,584 and in July it was 5,677.                                      Hurricane Ike was the ninth named storm during the 2008 Atlantic and
                                                                              Gulf of Mexico hurricane season and the most significant of the three
                                                                              that affected the State of Texas. Hurricane Ike was preceded in August
                                                                              2008 by Hurricane Gustav, which made landfall approximately 225 miles
                                                                              to the east of Bolivar Peninsula and by Hurricane Dolly, which affected
                                                                              the southernmost part of Texas, about 250 miles to the southwest of
                                                                              Bolivar Peninsula.

                                                                              When it made landfall on Bolivar Peninsula, Hurricane Ike was classified
                                                                              as a Category 2 hurricane with a recorded barometric pressure low of
                                                                              935 millibars. Hurricane Ike extended approximately 275 miles from its
                                                                              center and its effects were experienced from the Caribbean to the Great
                                                                              Lakes and New England.

                                                                              According to NOAA data, since 1871 76 tropical storms or hurricanes
                                                                              have made landfall within about 55 miles of Galveston County. Of these,
                                                                              11 occurred in June; 15 in July; 17 in August; 26 in September; and 7 in
By the middle of the twentieth century, despite the continuing threat of      October. Thirty six of these 76 events were classified as hurricanes
tropical storms and hurricanes, tourism was established as the key            when they arrived in Galveston County. Four were classified as category
component of the economy due to the warm climate and the popularity           4 hurricanes; 5 as category 3 hurricanes; 8 as category 2 hurricanes; and
of beach recreation, boating, and fishing.                                    19 as category 1 hurricanes. Table 10 lists the tropical storms and
                                                                              hurricanes recorded prior to the 2008 hurricane season for Galveston
By 1990, the permanent population of the Peninsula was about 4,000            County and Figure 4 illustrates the paths of these storms.
and hundreds of vacation homes were available for summer and
weekend visitors who came to enjoy swimming, sunbathing, fishing,
hunting, beachcombing, and bird watching. As many as 20,000 people
would visit the Bolivar Peninsula on a busy summer day.
Hurricane History
The Peninsula is at great risk of damage by hurricanes. Between 2001
and 2007, seven different named tropical storms or hurricanes passed
through Bolivar Peninsula with Hurricane Ike causing the greatest

28                                                                                                                         Bolivar Blueprint
                                                          Appendix A. Becoming Familiar with Bolivar Peninsula

Table 10: Bolivar Peninsula Tropical Storms and Hurricanes
 Year         Month                             Classification                       Year         Month                           Classification
  1854   September       Category 2 Hurricane                                         1942   August         Category 2 Hurricane
  1863   September       Tropical Storm                                               1943   July           Category 1 Hurricane
  1865   September       Category 2 Hurricane                                         1945   August         Category 4 Hurricane
  1866   July            Category 2 Hurricane                                         1945   July           Tropical Storm
  1867   October         Category 2 Hurricane                                         1946   June           Tropical Storm
  1871   June            Tropical Storm                                               1947   August         Category 1 Hurricane
  1871   June            Tropical Storm                                               1949   October        Category 3 Hurricane
  1874   July            Tropical Storm                                               1954   July           Tropical Depression Barbara
  1875   September       Tropical Storm                                               1957   August         Tropical Storm Bertha
  1877   September       Category 1 Hurricane                                         1957   June           Category 4 Hurricane Audrey
  1879   August          Category 2 Hurricane                                         1959   July           Category 1 Hurricane Debra
  1880   June            Tropical Storm                                               1963   September      Category 1 Hurricane Cindy
  1882   September       Category 2 Hurricane                                         1964   August         Tropical Storm Abby
  1886   June            Category 1 Hurricane                                         1970   September      Tropical Storm Felice
  1886   October         Category 3 Hurricane                                         1971   September      Category 1 Hurricane Edith
  1888   July            Tropical Storm                                               1971   September      Category 1 Hurricane Fern
  1888   June            Tropical Storm                                               1973   September      Tropical Storm Delia
  1891   July            Category 1 Hurricane                                         1974   September      Tropical Storm Carmen
  1895   October         Tropical Storm                                               1978   August         Tropical Storm Debra
  1897   September       Category 1 Hurricane                                         1979   July           Tropical Storm Claudette
  1898   September       Tropical Storm                                               1979   September      Tropical Storm Elena
  1899   June            Tropical Storm                                               1980   September      Tropical Storm Danielle
  1900   September       Category 4 Hurricane                                         1982   September      Tropical Storm Chris
  1901   July            Tropical Storm                                               1983   August         Category 3 Hurricane Alicia
  1908   July            Tropical Depression                                          1985   October        Category 1 Hurricane Juan
  1909   July            Category 2 Hurricane                                         1986   June           Category 1 Hurricane Bonnie
  1914   September       Tropical Depression                                          1987   August         Tropical Storm (not named)
  1915   August          Category 4 Hurricane                                         1989   August         Category 1 Hurricane Chantal
  1932   August          Category 3 Hurricane                                         1989   June           Tropical Storm Allison
  1933   July            Tropical Storm                                               1989   October        Category 1 Hurricane Jerry
  1934   August          Tropical Storm                                               1995   July           Tropical Storm Dean
  1938   August          Category 1 Hurricane                                         2001   June           Tropical Storm Allison
  1938   October         Tropical Storm                                               2002   September      Tropical Storm Fay
  1940   August          Category 1 Hurricane                                         2003   August         Tropical Storm Grace
  1940   September       Tropical Storm                                               2003   July           Category 1 Hurricane Claudette
  1941   September       Category 1 Hurricane                                         2004   September      Tropical Depression Ivan
  1941   September       Tropical Storm                                               2005   September      Category 3 Hurricane Rita
  1942   August          Category 1 Hurricane                                         2007   September      Tropical Storm Humberto

         Bolivar Blueprint                                                                                                                         29
                                                     Appendix A. Becoming Familiar with Bolivar Peninsula

                                                                                  locations on Bolivar Peninsula, other than High Island, flooding has at
                                                                                  least a one percent chance of occurring in any given year. The maps
                                                                                  show that the height of flooding is generally expected to reach 16 feet
                                                                                  to 19 feet above mean sea level. The maps indicate that most locations
                                                                                  on Bolivar Peninsula are not only at risk of flooding but are sensitive to
                                                                                  additional damage caused by wave action (V-Flood Zone).

                                                                                  Tornadoes are an additional natural hazard that threatens residents and
                                                                                  business owners on Bolivar Peninsula. Tornadoes may occur
                                                                                  independently of or in conjunction with a hurricane or tropical storm.
                                                                                  Many parts of the country mitigate potential tornado damage by
                                                                                  adopting strict building codes or by including safe rooms in new and
                                                                                  existing residential, commercial, and public buildings.

                                                                                  Coastal erosion is another natural hazard threatening Bolivar Peninsula;
                                                                                  the 2004 Galveston County hazard mitigation plan indicates that
                                                                                  accretion or the accumulation of sand is occurring at the western end of
                                                                                  the Peninsula while erosion is occurring at the eastern end of the
                                                                                  Peninsula. USACE studied erosion along the Bolivar Peninsula in 2008;
Figure 4: Hurricanes and Tropical Storm Tracks near Bolivar Peninsula             findings were published shortly before Hurricane Ike showing that the
(NOAA, 2009)                                                                      rate of accretion at
                                                                                  the western end of
                                                                                  the Peninsula was
Other Natural Hazards
                                                                                  19.2 feet per year
Hurricanes lead to flood damage and wind damage, both of which can                and the greatest
occur apart from hurricane systems. The Houston-Galveston Regional                rate of erosion
Hazard Mitigation Plan of 2004 cites hurricanes and tropical storms,              occurred just west
flooding, and tornadoes as the hazards that are most likely to negatively         of Rollover Pass at a
affect the area. Other hazards that are likely to cause damage on Bolivar         rate of 3.4 feet per
Peninsula are coastal erosion, sea-level rise, and subsidence. Each of            year. USACE findings
these natural hazards must be taken into account as rebuilding and                (unpublished) are
recovery projects are undertaken on Bolivar Peninsula.                            displayed in Table 11.

FEMA has conducted flood studies on the Bolivar Peninsula and
developed fourteen different FIRMs showing that for virtually all

30                                                                                                                              Bolivar Blueprint
                                                    Appendix A. Becoming Familiar with Bolivar Peninsula

           Table 11: Coastal Erosion Rates along Bolivar Peninsula               Pre-Hurricane and Post-Hurricane Conditions on
                Location        Shoreline Change Rate
                                                                                 Bolivar Peninsula
                Bolivar Flats       19.2 feet per year
                Biscayne Beach      10.7 feet per year                           Regulatory Framework
                Strand Avenue         8.8 feet per year                          Bolivar Peninsula is part of unincorporated Galveston County.
                Atkinson Street       6.4 feet per year                          Therefore, by State law, residents cannot adopt land use ordinances.
                Villa Drive           4.7 feet per year                          Land use on Bolivar Peninsula is governed by the State, including the
                Emerald Drive         1.6 feet per year                          laws and policies enforced by the Texas General Land Office (GLO).
                Mr G                  1.3 feet per year
                Crystal Beach         1.1 feet per year                          Protection and preservation of beaches is governed by the Texas Open
                Caplen Shores         0.3 feet per year                          Beaches Act (Natural Resources Code, Chapter 61: Use and
                Steinhagen Dr        -1.1 feet per year                          Maintenance of Public Beaches) and Dune Protection Program (Natural
                Rollover West        -3.4 feet per year                          Resources Code, Chapter 63: Dunes). Thus, the mean high water line is a
                Rollover East          -4 feet per year                          critical factor in delineation of the boundary of the public beach.
                High Island           0.3 feet per year                          Beaches can be privately owned in Texas but the public must be allowed
                                                                                 free and unrestricted access to and use of the beach.
Sea-level rise is a natural hazard that should be considered on Bolivar
Peninsula as Hurricane Ike recovery actions are planned. Sea-level rise          Effective September 2006, Galveston County implemented a plan for
was not included in the 2004 natural hazard mitigation plan for the              accessing the beach. This plan, entitled “Galveston County Dune
County, but has been shown to be a very real threat. Subsidence and              Protection and Beach Access Plan,” dated September 13, 2006, outlines
sea-level rise are closely associated because in coastal areas the effects       the County’s policies regarding this issue and was the result of lengthy
of subsidence may be incorrectly attributed to sea-level rise.                   discussions between Galveston County and the GLO. As a result, a beach
Measurements along the Texas and Louisiana Gulf Coast show a relative            parking sticker program was put into effect that requires car owners to
rise in sea level of one to two feet over the past 100 years, which is           obtain a permit from Galveston County in order to park at the beach.
approximately three times faster than the average global rise in sea             The program generated over $290,000 in 2008 and over $220,000 in
level of 0.6 foot per century (FEMA, 2009 b). The relative rise in sea           2007. Funds from the beach sticker program are used by Galveston
level is a function of both sea-level rise and subsidence. Subsidence in         County to provide enhancements to the beach, as well as to help defray
Texas is generally attributed to natural processes and compaction of             some of the County’s costs to maintain the beach.
sediments. The Bolivar Peninsula is believed to have experienced
subsidence of about one foot over the past century. Thus a sea-level rise        Galveston County has participated in the National Flood Insurance
of 0.6 foot per century coupled with subsidence of one foot per century          Program (NFIP) since 1971. This means that the county has adopted an
results in a relative sea level rise on Bolivar Peninsula of about 1.6 feet      ordinance requiring that structures in flood hazard areas be elevated so
per century.                                                                     that the lowest floor, or, in a coastal high hazard area where wave
                                                                                 action is anticipated, the lowest horizontal structural element, is at or

       Bolivar Blueprint                                                                                                                                 31
                                                    Appendix A. Becoming Familiar with Bolivar Peninsula

above the Base Flood Elevation (BFE). The BFE is the level of flooding           vacation towns with large numbers of seasonal and vacation residents
that has been estimated to have at least a 1-percent chance of occurring         and High Island has a traditional town layout with a high school and a
in any year. On Bolivar Peninsula, the BFE generally ranges from 16 to           few Audubon bird sanctuaries.
19 feet above sea level. To determine the BFE at a particular location on
Bolivar Peninsula, Flood Insurance Rate Maps (FIRMs) are available at            Much of the marsh land on the north side of Bolivar Peninsula is
the County Office of Emergency Management or online through the                  inaccessible due to the GIWW, which traverses the length of the
FEMA Web site. The BFE on Bolivar Peninsula is likely to be increased            Peninsula. It is generally undeveloped and is an important habitat for
when the results of new flood studies begun before Ike are complete              birds and small aquatic animals.
(FEMA, 2009 b).
                                                                                 The Coastal Barrier Resources Act (CBRA) removed Federal government
A hazard mitigation plan is currently in the process of being developed          support, such as flood insurance, for buildings and development in
for Galveston County; this will update the 2004 Houston-Galveston Area           undeveloped portions of hazardous coastal areas generally referred to
Council Regional Hazard Mitigation Plan. Consequently, the County will           as CBRA zones. Although FEMA flood maps estimate the locations of
continue to be eligible to receive grant funding through the FEMA                CBRA zones, the DOI, FWS is responsible for determining and
Hazard Mitigation Assistance programs.                                           interpreting the exact boundaries of CBRA zones. CBRA zones on Bolivar
                                                                                 Peninsula generally remain undeveloped and contribute to the natural
Land Use Patterns
                                                                                 and beneficial functions of floodplains by absorbing and holding water
Land near Rollover Pass near the center of the Peninsula includes                during heavy rains, as well as by providing important habitat for birds.
residential and commercial uses and provides for recreational fishing            There are restrictions on what can and cannot be constructed within
opportunities. In 1955, Rollover Pass was constructed as we know it              CBRA zones and Federal dollars cannot be used for projects in these
today by the Texas Game and Fish Commission near the center of the               locations. However, high end residential development has occurred in
Peninsula to introduce sea water into East Bay. Because of ease of               spite of these restrictions.
access to the walls of the pass from parking lots, fishing at Rollover is
accessible to people of all abilities wishing to fish.                           Environment
                                                                                 Hurricane Ike destroyed dunes and vegetation along the Gulf of Mexico
The Bolivar Peninsula encompasses approximately 52 square miles in               shoreline. Salt water inundation of the Peninsula killed trees and
area. Based on the Galveston County Land Use maps, prior to Hurricane            shrubbery, destroying important natural habitats for birds and small
Ike 82.5 percent of the land area is classified as farm/ranch, 1.7 percent       mammals.
as commercial, 2.0 percent as right-of-way, and 13.8 percent as
residential land uses. Of the 13.8 percent residential land use area,            Dunes, which would have provided some protection to residences and
approximately 7.6 percent of the land use is for residential properties          commercial buildings from the power of the storm surge, had been
that are platted but vacant of structures. The communities of Port               repeatedly damaged by hurricanes and altered by human intervention.
Bolivar, Crystal Beach, Gilchrist and High Island have all developed             Remaining dunes along Bolivar Peninsula were less than 6 feet high,
independently over time. Port Bolivar is an old fishing community, in            whereas historically dunes on Bolivar Peninsula were about 9 feet high
recent years Crystal Beach and Gilchrist evolved into traditional beach          or 13 feet above mean sea level and the majority of developed areas

32                                                                                                                            Bolivar Blueprint
                                                   Appendix A. Becoming Familiar with Bolivar Peninsula

had little to no dune development. Some dunes had been rebuilt and              In support of Gulf Coast fishing activities, vehicles have been allowed
were reinforced with geotextile tubes, but virtually all of these tubes         direct access to the beach for driving and parking. Vehicles on the beach
were uncovered and destroyed by Ike (FEMA, 2009 b).                             contribute to beach erosion. However, according to Galveston County
                                                                                officials, beach parking and vehicle access restrictions were openly
The subsurface geology on Bolivar Peninsula is mostly sand with a few           debated in recent years. No changes to the policy resulted due to a
clay deposits. A few small areas of loamy topsoil exist, but these areas        large public outcry for maintaining the status quo.
are a very low percentage of the Peninsula-wide soil profile. The water         Goat Island is located north of the GIWW and west of Rollover Pass. It is
table is extremely high                                                         the location of a crude oil handling facility. As a result of Hurricane Ike,
and much of the                                                                 some 500,000 gallons of crude oil were released into the Gulf of Mexico,
Peninsula is tidal                                                              the marshes, bayous, and bays of Louisiana and Texas. Half the crude oil
marshland.                                                                      reported spilled came from the Goat Island facility operated by St. Mary
                                                                                Land and Exploration Company (Hyder, 2009).
In recent years,
increasing water levels
in Bay-side marshes                                                             Community infrastructure includes the essential physical features
have compromised                                                                required for a community to survive and thrive. The major components
pasture land and                                                                of community infrastructure include the drinking water system, the
productive coastal                                                              sanitary sewer system, roadways, and stormwater drainage. On Bolivar
marshland. As new                                                               Peninsula, much of the physical infrastructure was severely damaged or
marshland is flooded, the displaced wildlife moves into other fragile           destroyed by Hurricane Ike.
ecosystem locations causing disruption to the balance.
                                                                                Immediate post-hurricane infrastructure repair and rebuilding included
                                                                                repairs to the Post Office and roadways, as well as debris removal.
Bolivar Peninsula contains some floodprone range or ranch land used
                                                                                Observations show that in the first 8 months after the hurricane, much
for grazing cattle. This land also provides habitat for wild animals and
                                                                                of the debris had been removed, but a great deal remains trapped in
birds, as well as the natural and beneficial functions of a floodplain
                                                                                now-dead vegetation, especially on the Bay-side of the Peninsula.
during periods of heavy rain.
                                                                                Debris removal efforts continue. More than 1.7 million cubic yards of
                                                                                the anticipated total of 2.1 million cubic yards of debris have been
Bolivar Peninsula is located along a critical migratory corridor for birds
                                                                                collected and removed from Bolivar Peninsula as of May 2009.
traveling in the western hemisphere. In recent years, the land use on
Bolivar Peninsula has slowly shifted from cattle farming and watermelon
                                                                                Drinking Water
fields to more retirement housing and tourism related uses, such as
                                                                                For decades, drinking water on Bolivar Peninsula was provided through
beach recreation, fishing, and hunting of waterfowl.
                                                                                individually owned and operated wells. But the quality of available
                                                                                water was poor, so residents created a corporation that drilled wells in
                                                                                Winnie, TX, and built a pipeline to Bolivar Peninsula for distribution. The

       Bolivar Blueprint                                                                                                                                 33
                                                   Appendix A. Becoming Familiar with Bolivar Peninsula

main distribution line is a 12-inch water line running along existing State     BPSUD was able to provide potable water to the Peninsula and the “boil
Highway 87 for the length of the Peninsula. Water quality was still not         water” order was lifted.
satisfactory, so residents created the BPSUD to own and operate the
drinking water distribution system using surface rather than well water.        The BPSUD water supply system is designed strictly for standard water
                                                                                use only and is not designed for fire protection pressures. The hydrants
The BPSUD used $30 million in loans to help create the water                    apparent on the Peninsula are for flushing or cleaning the water lines
treatment, storage, and delivery system. It has the right to use up to 5        rather than for fire protection.
million gallons per day from the surface water treatment plant near
Winnie, which is considerably more than the actual and forecasted               In addition to its central mission of providing potable water to the
water demands. The pre-Ike water demands for the Peninsula were 0.7             residents of the Peninsula, the BPSUD has used its influence to impose
million gallons per day in winter months and 2.0 million gallons per day        some building standards for new subdivisions in order to make utility
in summer months. The total pre-Ike drinking water storage capacity on          locations uniform, to impose building setbacks, to require appropriately
the Peninsula was approximately 5.5 million gallons. The current water          sized meters for properties with more than one mobile home, and to
storage capacity is approximately 2.5 million gallons, as three storage         ensure adequate roadway widths.
tanks are currently out of service due to hurricane damage.

Before the storm, the BPSUD had about 6,200 water service
connections, of which approximately 1,800 have been restored. The
BPSUD’s 5-year recovery plan outlines a schedule for having a total of
4,600 connections by 2014.

Water supply lines crossing Rollover Pass were attached to the bridges
crossing the Pass before the storm. When the storm destroyed the
bridge, it took with it the water pipes causing a system failure west of
the Pass. The BPSUD provided an emergency water supply to the
western end of Bolivar Peninsula through a pre-existing 4-inch pipe
buried below the Pass, which is owned by a private citizen. This
provided some water across the Pass, but it was extremely limited.
Once TxDOT made temporary repairs to the bridge, the BPSUD made
more permanent repairs to the water system by repairing the 12-inch             Wastewater Treatment
and 20-inch mains that cross the Pass. These repairs were completed             Wastewater treatment services on Bolivar Peninsula are primarily
and a full supply of non-potable water became available to the western          individual, private, on-site septic systems. There are two small privately
end of the Peninsula on October 24, 2008. By February 28, 2009, the             owned wastewater treatment systems and one wetland sanitary sewer
                                                                                treatment system in High Island. No public sanitary sewer is available.
                                                                                After the storm, many of the individual systems were severely damaged.

34                                                                                                                           Bolivar Blueprint
                                                  Appendix A. Becoming Familiar with Bolivar Peninsula

Tanks and drain field lines were torn out of the ground. Galveston             Audubon Village in Crystal Beach. Both are owned and operated by
County has a system for permitting replacement systems, but it does            Bolivar Utility Services, L.L.C. of Beaumont, TX. The owner obtained
not have a monitoring system to check for failures.                            permits from the Texas Department of Environmental Quality (TXDEQ)
                                                                               for these plants with the permission of the BPSUD. The BPSUD has the
The quality and effectiveness of the existing septic systems vary from         Certificate of Convenience and Necessity (CCN) from TXDEQ for the
old installations that drain directly into waterways to new aerobic            entire Peninsula, which allows it to supply both water and sewer to the
systems. According to a 2008 study commissioned by the BPSUD,                  residents. Because the BPSUD does not provide sewer service, it
Bolivar Peninsula had approximately 5,000 individual septic systems.           allowed this private entity to use portions of its CCN to obtain permits
This report indicated uncertainty about the number of failing septic           from TXDEQ and build and maintain these two small package plants and
systems, but noted that the average useful life of a septic system is 15–      their associated underground piping and appurtenances. These two
20 years and that most of the systems on Bolivar Peninsula had been in         systems are completely separate from the BPSUD and are the sole
place for over 20 years.                                                       responsibility of Bolivar Utility Services, L.L.C.

One of the major issues facing Bolivar Peninsula has been the fact that        A small wetlands-type wastewater treatment facility in High Island was
septic systems are sized according to the number of people expected in         built for and is owned and operated by the High Island School. In
a residence in conjunction with the resident soils, with most sized for 4–     addition to the school, the system conveys the discharges from nine
6 people. However, during the summer months, many of these homes               residences owned by the school district. The remainder of High Island is
accommodate 15–20 people and the septic systems are often overtaxed            served by individual on-site septic systems.
causing untreated sewage to be discharged into the groundwater as an
overflow from the holding tank.                                                Determining whether a septic system is failing is difficult and costly, due
                                                                               in part to the resident soils. The soils on the Peninsula are generally so
The type of septic system currently being installed on Bolivar Peninsula       sandy that the effluent from the systems leaches through the sand and
is an aerobic system. Aerobic systems required a 1-foot clearance              into the water table and it is not apparent from above ground if system
between the bottom of the field and the water table, rather than the 2-        failure has occurred. As systems are brought back into service after the
foot clearance required in conventional systems, because they do some          hurricane, Galveston County Health District measures the degree to
pretreatment before sending the effluent into the field. With this             which systems are intact but cannot test the effectiveness of treatment.
aerobic type of system, the size of the field can also be reduced and the
minimum possible lot size can be smaller than with a conventional              Stormwater Drainage
system.                                                                        The stormwater drainage system on Bolivar Peninsula consists mainly of
                                                                               roadside ditches and culverts at crossings. Many of these ditches and
Two privately owned sanitary sewer systems on Bolivar Peninsula                culverts were in need of maintenance before the storm. After the
currently convey raw sewage from residences to small waste water               storm, almost all were completely filled in with sediment. This creates a
treatment plants that discharge the treated effluent into the GIWW.            situation in which stormwater runoff floods the roads almost
One system serves Laguna Harbor in Port Bolivar and the other serves

       Bolivar Blueprint                                                                                                                               35
                                                   Appendix A. Becoming Familiar with Bolivar Peninsula

immediately during any size rain event. All of the roadside ditches need        acquire these easements in order to allow the necessary ditch
to be re-graded and cleaned in order to function as they were designed.         maintenance to proceed.
One of the main areas of concern for stormwater drainage is the system
along Route 87, which is a series of culverts, roadside ditches, outfall        Economic conditions on Bolivar Peninsula are considerably different in
ditches, and a feature known as the slough. The slough is a permanently         the spring of 2009 than they were in the spring of 2008. Businesses on
ponded area on the Gulf side of Route 87 that extends approximately 10          the Peninsula are relatively small and are generally service oriented.
miles through the Crystal Beach area.                                           Approximately 97 percent of the business establishments on Bolivar
                                                                                Peninsula have had less than 20 employees and most are dependent on
Telecommunications                                                              the seasonal tourist market which peaks during the summer months.
During Hurricane Ike, both landline and cellular telephone service              Almost all of the nearly 100 different businesses that were on Bolivar
experienced substantial service disruptions. Even months later, the             Peninsula prior to the hurricane were either severely damaged or
landline service on the Peninsula is unpredictable while cellular service       destroyed by the storm. According to the Bolivar Chamber of
has been repaired.                                                              Commerce, approximately 35 percent of the businesses had reopened
                                                                                by April 2009.
Bolivar Peninsula has three road categories. Routes 87, 108, and 124 are        The economy on Bolivar
owned and maintained by TxDOT; some are the responsibility of                   Peninsula before the storm was
Galveston County; some are privately owned and maintained. Many                 highly dependent on the
roads on Bolivar Peninsula were damaged considerably by storm surge             rental/tourism market.
and some along the Gulf were completely destroyed.                              According to the 2000 Census
                                                                                data, approximately 65 percent
The Route 87 roadway and stormwater drainage system is maintained               of the homes on Bolivar
by TxDOT. It is the only evacuation route from the Peninsula, so flooding       Peninsula were summer or
issues are a major concern for both residents and County officials.             rental properties and thus were
Flooding of this roadway has been a problem for many years due to low           not occupied year round.
elevations, but the problem has intensified due to the large amount of
sediment left in the drainage ditches by the hurricane. TxDOT is cleaning       With approximately 3,600
and rebuilding the ditches along Route 87. However, outfall channels            structures either destroyed or
that convey runoff through private properties from the roadside ditches         damaged, the rental vacation
to either the Bay or the Gulf were similarly filled with sediment and           industry on Bolivar Peninsula
debris by the hurricane. Most of the outfall channels are not within            has been decimated. In the first
recorded easements and the acquisition of these easements is the                and second quarters of 2008,
responsibility of Galveston County. Galveston County staff is working to        the hotel occupancy activity on
                                                                                Bolivar Peninsula increased 13

36                                                                                                                          Bolivar Blueprint
                                                  Appendix A. Becoming Familiar with Bolivar Peninsula

percent over the same periods in 2007. During the last half of the year,       Parks, Recreation, and Tourism
the rental activity on Bolivar Peninsula decreased by 67 percent. During       The economic engine driving activity on Bolivar Peninsula has been
the fourth quarter, there were no rentals. Due to the effects of the           tourism because of its 34-mile long oceanfront beach. The beach
hurricane, Bolivar Peninsula’s rental activity for all of 2008 was down        attracts long- and short-term visitors and, before Ike, the number of
approximately 14 percent from 2007.                                            people staying on the Peninsula was estimated to swell during summer
                                                                               holiday weekends from about 6,000 to over 20,000 with daytime
Before the storm, the taxable property value on Bolivar Peninsula was          crowds of two or three times that number (interviews with Galveston
approximately 3 percent of that of the entire County. Because the value        County Health District official and H-GAC official). With very few
of a property is based on its value on January 1 of the prior year, the        businesses operating to accommodate day-time visitors and the stock of
financial impact of Hurricane Ike was not recognized until January 1,          rental units severely depleted by the storm, tourism on Bolivar
2009. Per the Galveston County Central Appraisal District (GCAD), the          Peninsula has been severely diminished.
taxable value of properties on Bolivar Peninsula in 2008 was
approximately $640,409,000. For fiscal year 2010, GCAD estimates that          The Bolivar Peninsula has long been providing the Galveston County
the Peninsula will have lost approximately 48 percent of its taxable           citizens and visitors with open beaches, recreational fishing, and wildlife
property value. This is an estimated $300 million in taxable property          observation opportunities. Over time, the visitors to Bolivar Peninsula
value lost due to the combination of hurricane damage and the general          and citizens of the County have varied in their median ages, income
state of the economy. For fiscal year 2010, the taxable property values        levels, and their primary interest for being on Bolivar Peninsula and
on Bolivar Peninsula are anticipated to be approximately 1.6 percent of        using the open spaces of the Peninsula.
the County’s overall taxable property value.
                                                                               The Galveston County Commissioners Court adopted the Galveston
Bolivar Peninsula public expenditures are largely funded through               County Parks, Recreation and Open Space Master Plan in 1998. In
property taxes and the amount of these funds is based on property              September of 2003, the Master Plan Update included an inventory, a
values. County property taxes help to pay for the costs of road                needs assessment, a priority ranking analysis, a 4- to 5-year action plan,
maintenance, schools, emergency services, public health services, parks,       and a budget/expenditure analysis. Galveston County maintains four
and beach maintenance. Management of the beaches is subsidized by              parks and two boat landings on Bolivar Peninsula. Galveston County is
the income received through the Beach Sticker Program. The BPSUD is            preparing to embark on a new Master Planning effort that is expected
funded through user fees. Public expenditures increase as beach usage          to incorporate more preservation and conservation of open spaces and
increases. Galveston County has a population in excess of 284,000 and          environmentally significant areas in the County.
the population of the nearby Houston Metropolitan Statistical Area is
over 4.5 million (U.S. Census, 2000). The proximity of these population        The 70-acre Fort Travis is located near Point Bolivar and prominently
bases provides for the expectation that there will be increased demand         features the military fortress constructed at the end of the nineteenth
for usage of the Bolivar Peninsula beaches.                                    century. This park is identified as a special use park and prior to the
                                                                               storm provided beach access, a walking trail, a fishing pier, camping
                                                                               cabanas, a volleyball court, a playground, three picnic areas, tent

       Bolivar Blueprint                                                                                                                               37
                                                    Appendix A. Becoming Familiar with Bolivar Peninsula

camping areas, World War I and II structures, and restrooms with                 The Lauderdale and Erman Pilsner Boat Ramps are Special Use Facilities
showers.                                                                         maintained by the County Roads Department. These ramps are located
                                                                                 on Yacht Basin Road adjacent to Rollover Bay and near the North Jetty
Gregory Park is a 15-acre park located in Crystal Beach. This facility has a     and Fort Travis Park respectively. They each have two lanes, pier and
picnic pavilion, four additional picnic areas with tables and grills, a          tie-up space, and parking. The Erman Pilsner Boat Ramp has restroom
practice backstop, and an outdoor basketball court.                              facilities, and the Lauderdale Boat Ramp has a portable restroom.
                                                                                 Housing, Human Services, and Education
                                                                                 According to the 2000 U.S. Census, there were about 5,500 housing
                                                                                 units on Bolivar Peninsula, of which over 3,200 (60 percent) were
                                                                                 seasonal units. Nearly one-third of the homes were occupied by seniors
                                                                                 (over 65 years of age). Less than 10 percent of the households had
                                                                                 income in the poverty category. About 170 households had annual
                                                                                 incomes above $100,000. Of the 1,800 non-seasonal units, over 1,500
                                                                                 were owner-occupied. Only about 15 percent of the householders had
                                                                                 lived in their homes more than 20 years. Just over six percent of the
                                                                                 homes had values above $150,000.

                                                                                 Approximately 60 percent of the Bolivar Peninsula housing stock was
                                                                                 destroyed by Hurricane Ike and another 38 percent remained standing
                                                                                 but were damaged. Scour was among the causes of damage and scour
                                                                                 depression on Bolivar Peninsula was as much as 10 feet deep (FEMA,
                                                                                 2009 b). Another factor contributing to the damage is deteriorated and
Noble Carl Park, also located in Crystal Beach, is a community park, as          failing wood pilings on which homes were elevated to reduce the risk of
well as the location of the Criminal Justice Center, County Annex, and           flooding (FEMA, 2009 b).
the Joe Faggert Community Center. Joe Faggert Community Center
programming is managed by the American Association of Retired                    Due to the peculiarities and the pathway of Ike, Port Bolivar and High
Persons with no county funding. The 11-acre Noble Carl Park has a                Island fared better than the center areas of the Peninsula. Tables 12 and
playground, a picnic pavilion, two picnic areas with tables and grills, a        13 show the relative levels of damage experienced by structures as
trail, and a lighted baseball field.                                             provided by Galveston County.

The Bolivar Community Center is a 15-acre site in Port Bolivar. It is a
neighborhood park with a playground, four picnic shelters, two practice
backstops, and an outdoor basketball court.

38                                                                                                                            Bolivar Blueprint
                                                 Appendix A. Becoming Familiar with Bolivar Peninsula

                                                 Table 12: Number of Structures by Level of Damage
                                    Community Complete Substantial Somewhat None Unknown Total
                                   Port Bolivar          26          520          230       21     13 1,049
                                   Crystal Beach      2,413          581          836       82      4 3,916
                                   Gilchrist            916           14            22       0      0   952
                                   High Island             4          13            15       0      0    32
                                   Total              3,359        1,128        1,103     103      17 5,949

                                                Table 13: Percentage of Structures by Level of Damage
                                        Community Complete Substantial Somewhat None Unknown
                                       Port Bolivar         25%           50%          22%      2%    1%
                                       Crystal Beach        62%           15%          21%      2%    0%
                                       Gilchrest            96%            1%           3%      0%    0%
                                       High Island          12%           41%          47%      0%    0%
                                       Total                60%           19%          19%      2%    0%

As shown in Tables 12 and 13, of the approximately 6,000 structures on        2009 by paid firefighters from both the City of Galveston and Galveston
Bolivar Peninsula before Ike hit, 4,700 or 79 percent were either             County.
substantially damaged or completely destroyed (FEMA, 2009 b). Having
such a large percentage of the existing homes unusable has had a              Medical Services
devastating effect on the population and it will be felt in these             In addition to fire protection, three of these fire departments also
communities for years to come.                                                provided EMS. The High Island EMS operated independently of the fire
                                                                              department. Due to staffing problems and inability to provide sufficient
Fire Departments                                                              trained EMS personnel to meet the State requirement of two EMS
The fire protection system before the storm consisted of four                 staffers in each ambulance, Bolivar Peninsula services received waivers
independent volunteer fire departments, one each at Port Bolivar,             from the State of Texas that allowed operations with only one trained
Crystal Beach, Gilchrist, and High Island. These stations were entirely       EMS provided and a driver in each ambulance. EMS volunteers were the
staffed by local volunteers. Because there are virtually no structures        only medical attention available on Bolivar Peninsula. Of the
remaining in Gilchrist, the fire department has disbanded. The Port           approximately 700 EMS calls received annually, almost 92 percent were
Bolivar and High Island facilities received some damage but are now           received during summer weekends. The Port Bolivar and High Island
functioning essentially as they did before the storm. Galveston County        EMS locations are only staffed when qualified volunteers are available.
has been staffing a temporary fire station in Crystal Beach at the            The temporary station at the Crenshaw School is currently staffed by
Crenshaw School building. The facility has been staffed since November        paid EMS personnel 24 hours a day.

      Bolivar Blueprint                                                                                                                            39
                                                   Appendix A. Becoming Familiar with Bolivar Peninsula

                                                                                it did before. The need for additional sheriff’s deputies and constables
For emergency medical needs, ambulances either travel across the ferry          on the Peninsula has been a matter of public concern by both residents
to Galveston or to a hospital in Winnie or Beaumont. There has been no          and County staff for some time. During the off-season, Bolivar Peninsula
medical facility on Bolivar Peninsula for some time. At various times in        is a quiet and calm place with little or no need for intervention.
the past, medical clinics were established, but none were in operation          However, during the summer, and especially on weekends, the
immediately prior to Hurricane Ike.                                             population balloons and the available staff are often overwhelmed by
                                                                                the sheer number of people. They are forced to concentrate their
                                                                                efforts on strategic locations and matters of public safety. The holding
                                                                                cell can fill quickly requiring detainees to be placed on a bus and taken
                                                                                across the channel to Galveston for further processing.

                                                                                Senior Services
                                                                                Galveston County offered a “meals on wheels” program to deliver meals
                                                                                to the elderly that was coordinated through the Department of Parks
                                                                                and Senior Services. All senior services on Bolivar Peninsula by
                                                                                Galveston County have stopped since the storm. The “meals on wheels”
                                                                                program has been discontinued. There are “congregate” meals provided
                                                                                at the Senior Center located in the Joe Faggert Community Center in
                                                                                Crystal Beach, but those meals are offered only at the facility and are
                                                                                not provided by the County.

                                                                                Public Health
                                                                                Because mosquitoes naturally thrive in the Peninsula, mosquito control
The hospital in Winnie is a small community hospital with approximately         is administered county wide by the Galveston County Mosquito Control
40 beds. While it requires the shortest travel time to reach from the           District. Mosquito control applications are generally administered to
Peninsula, it is limited in the types of medical issues it can address. For     large areas through a fog spray, either by airplane or truck. This
more serious medical needs, patients are transported to the University          equipment was destroyed by the storm and will be replaced.
of Texas Medical Branch in Galveston or to the hospital in Beaumont.            Application locations and frequency is determined by field testing for
With critical patients, it is often necessary to be transported by              mosquito populations and spraying when population thresholds are
helicopter to a hospital in Houston, Galveston, or Beaumont.                    reached.

Law Enforcement                                                                 Education
The law enforcement location at the County Annex building in Crystal            The children on Bolivar Peninsula attend two separate school districts.
Beach was not substantially damaged by the storm and is functioning as          The western portion of Bolivar Peninsula is in the Galveston

40                                                                                                                           Bolivar Blueprint
                                                  Appendix A. Becoming Familiar with Bolivar Peninsula

Independent School District (GISD). Students in this area are served by        suffer flood damage because of elevation (FEMA 2009 b). The High
Crenshaw Elementary and Middle School on Bolivar Peninsula and Ball            Island School did not suffer significant damage during the storm. Both
High School in Galveston. The eastern portion of the Peninsula is in the       schools have been repaired and are functioning today.
High Island Independent School District (HIISD). Students in this district
attend the High Island School, which includes elementary, middle, and          Both school districts are experiencing a reduction in the numbers of
high school students. Residents on Bolivar Peninsula that are in the GISD      students due to a general population decline on Bolivar Peninsula as a
and wish to attend the High Island School may do so through an                 result of the storm. Many residents either have not returned yet or do
agreement between the two school districts. The HIISD sends a bus each         not intend to return. For the 2008 school year, the populations of the
morning and afternoon to both the ferry landing and to Winnie to serve         two school districts fell approximately 24 percent each after the storm.
these students. In September 2008, approximately 112 students                  These numbers are expected to increase for the fall of 2009. In addition
attended High Island School from the GISD. This number is expected to          to the reductions in the numbers of students, the financial health of the
drop to approximately 80 for the fall of 2009.                                 districts has been affected because the funding for the schools is
                                                                               directly related to the taxable value of property within the districts.
The Crenshaw School, which opened in 2005, is elevated on concrete             Since the taxable property value has dropped considerably on Bolivar
columns with the bottom of the first floor beams approximately 10 feet         Peninsula, the budgets of the two school districts are expected to drop
above grade. It suffered some wind damage during Ike but did not               accordingly.

       Bolivar Blueprint                                                                                                                             41
42   Bolivar Blueprint
Appendix B. Written Sources of Information                                 DHS, National Response Plan, retrieved April 24, 2009 from
Altman, Kris, “Spring Break, the Party No One Wants to Host,” Christian    FEMA, 2009 a, Community Status Book, retrieved April 30, 2009 from
        Science Monitor, March 26, 2001.                                 
Bello, Marisol, “Not much of anything left in Crystal Beach,” USA Today,   FEMA, 2009 b, Hurricane Ike in Texas and Louisiana: Building
        September 16, 2008                                                         Performance Observations, Recommendations, and Technical
Beven, John L. and Daniel P. Brown, “The 2008 Atlantic,” Weatherwise,              Guidance, FEMA P-757, April 2009.
        March/April 2009.                                                  Galveston Bay Estuary Program, The State of the Bay: A Characterization
Block, W.T., “Bolivar Peninsula: Scene of Slaving, Smuggling,                      of the Galveston Bay Ecosystem, 2nd Edition, August 2002,
        Filibustering, and Farms,” retrieved May 4, 2009 from                      retrieved April 13, 2009 from                    
Bolivar Chamber of Commerce, “Welcome to the Bolivar Chamber of            Galveston County Engineering Department, 1997, Rules, Regulations
        Commerce,” retrieved April 30, 2009 from                                   and Requirements Relating to the Approval and Acceptance of                                             Improvements in Subdivisions or Re-Subdivisions, March 3,
BPSUD, “Bolivar Peninsula Special Utility District,” retrieved April 30,
        2009 from                        Galveston County, 2009, Hurricane Ike CDBG Disaster Recovery Funding
                                                                                   Action Plan and Method of Distribution, retrieved May 13, 2009
Brown, Jeff L., “Robot Inspects Damaged Bridge,” Civil Engineering,
        March 2009.
Burka, Paul, “My Frail Island,” Texas Monthly volume 36, Issue 11,                 %20Method%20of%20Distribution%205-8-09.pdf.
        November 2008.
                                                                           Guidry, Harlan Mark, “Hurricane IKE Public Health Ready and
Council on Foundations, “Philanthropy in Texas,” retrieved April 24,               Responsive,” Texas Public Health Journal, Fall 2008, Vol. 60
        2009 from                                                                  Issue 4, pages 27-28.
                                                                           Halff Associates, Galveston County Hurricane IKE Recovery Effort,
                                                                           January, 2009.
County of Galveston, Galveston County Hurricane IKE Recovery Effort,
                                                                           Hardy, Lawrence, “Starting Over,” American School Board Journal,
        January 2009.
                                                                                   December 2008.
Daniels, A. Pat, “A History of Bolivar Peninsula,” The Handbook of Texas
                                                                           H-GAC, Gulf Coast Region Water Quality Management Plan Update,
        Online, retrieved April 24, 2009 from http://www.bolivar
                                                                                   2005, Appendix III:
                                                                           H-GAC, Regional Hazard Mitigation Plan, July 2004.
Daniels, A. Pat, “Bolivar Lighthouse,” Bolivar, retrieved April 30 from                             Hyder, Martha, Ed., “Assessment of Hurricane Ike Damage Continues,”
                                                                                  Oil Spill Intelligence Report, Aspen Publishers, October 9, 2009.

       Bolivar Blueprint                                                                                                                         43
                                                      Appendix B. Written Sources of Information

Jacob, John S. and Stephanie Showalter, The Resilient Coast: Policy           Texas Department of Housing and Community Affairs, “CDBG Disaster
         Frameworks for Adapting the Wetlands to Climate Change and                  Recovery funding,” retrieved April 30, 2009 from:
         Growth, August 2007.                                              
NOAA (Retrieved April 30, 2009 from                                           The Heinz Center and Ceres, Resilient Coasts: A Blueprint for Action,
         (                           2009, retrieved April 24, 2009 from
NOAA, Hurricane History Map, Retrieved April 29, 2009 from:                                            eprint_Final.pdf.
Office of Rural Community Affairs (ORCA), February 11, 2009, retrieved
         May 4, 2009 from:
Office of Rural Community Affairs, Disaster Recovery Division, State of
         Texas: Plan for Disaster Recovery, prepared for U.S. Department
         of Housing and Urban Development, February 18, 2009.
Peacock, Walter Gillis, Jung Eun Kang, Rahmawati Husein, Gabriel R.
         Burns, Carla Prater, Samuel Brody, and Tommy Kennedy, An
         Assessment of Coastal Zone Hazard Mitigation Plans in Texas,
         Hazard Reduction and Recovery Center, Texas A&M University,
         January 2009.
Policy Link, “Equitable Development Toolkit,” retrieved April 16 from
Schaumburg & Polk, Inc., Regional Wastewater Study Bolivar Peninsula,
         August 2008.
State of Texas, Emergency Management Plan: Annex P: Hazard
         Mitigation, August 2008, retrieved April 22, 2009 from
Texas A&M University, Bolivar Peninsula: Growth Management and
         Beach Access Study, 1978, College Station, TX.
Texas Data Center, Estimates for the Total Populations of Counties and
         Places in Texas for July 1, 2007, October 2008, retrieved April
         24, 2009 from

44                                                                                                                      Bolivar Blueprint
Appendix C. Initial List of Issues Identified by Steering Committee and Subcommittees
                                                                          Things We Like About Education on Bolivar Peninsula
Economic Development& Small Business Subcommittee                             • GISD distance learning grant
Unmet Needs of Small Businesses                                               • Head start program for 3 and 4 year old children living on the
   • Funding for small businesses existing and future is vital                   Peninsula
   • Immediate gap funding to help businesses get back to where               • We really want Crenshaw School to remain as an educational
      they were or better and to help them get re-established and                facility for Peninsula students
      reopened quickly to bring back community                                • Crenshaw’s outdoor classroom – 24 acre habitat in partnership
                                                                                 with US Fish and Wildlife
Other Issues Confronting Economic Growth                                      • High Island’s Houston Audubon Society preserve
   • Ferry issues, need better access to bring tourists, business and
        supplies to business owners                                       Environment Subcommittee
   • Development of an Improvement District on the Peninsula, the         Things We Like About Bolivar Peninsula
        board voted in, the Peninsula keeping the money                       • Not heavily populated
   • Public transportation i.e. shuttle service, street legal mules for       • Beach
        rental                                                                • Marsh - waterfowl and rookeries
   • Reevaluate windstorm and flood insurance to met the needs of             • Fish
        coastal development residential and business
                                                                              • Fauna
   • Tie in local businesses with disaster relief companies who better        • Birds
        knows the community and their needs. It would also give the
                                                                              • Flowers
        local economy an immediate jump start by hiring local
                                                                              • Less regulation because not in a municipality
   • A disaster protocol for businesses, giving business owners
                                                                              • Dark skies
        immediate and first access, better security, business owners
                                                                              • Variety of people
        have different evacuation needs and they need to be addressed
                                                                              • Northernmost sea turtle nesting grounds
   • The need for gambling on the Peninsula
                                                                              • Seafood-shrimp/oysters/crabs
Education Subcommittee                                                        • Low season is un-crowded
                                                                              • Isolated – privacy
Unmet Educational Needs of the Bolivar Peninsula
                                                                              • Ferry ride (except for the wait)
   • District partnership
                                                                              • Lighthouse
   • Lack of daycare facilities on the Peninsula
                                                                              • Eco-tourism – wildlife observation
   • After school activities for all ages of children
                                                                              • Seafood
   • After school activities for children not relating to school
                                                                              • Rural atmosphere/laidback attitude and cattle grazing
                                                                              • History is deep

       Bolivar Blueprint                                                                                                                    45
                                Appendix C. Initial List of Issues Identified by Steering Committee and Subcommittees

Unmet Environmental Needs                                                         •   Look at duplexes and triplex units to make homes more
   • Marsh erosion/need for protection along GIWW                                     affordable to families
   • Replant native vegetation and trees (habitat restoration)
   • Control light pollution                                                  Things We Like About Bolivar Peninsula
   • Trash pickup/waste management                                                • Most affordable beach living on the Texas Gulf Coast and in the
   • More public education on the beach                                              country
   • Better fishing access/boat ramps                                             • Independent thinking/living people – plus and minus for the
   • Dune restoration & protection/beach nourishment (Need a                         community
      unified dune system)                                                        • Freedom to use golf carts
   • Law enforcement knowledgeable about environmental                            • Not crowded with tourists in the wintertime
      laws/regulations (Including game wardens)                                   • Not over inspected during construction
   • Reestablish oyster beds                                                      • Affordability
   • Freshwater inflow into East Bay will reduce oyster diseases                  • Beautiful beaches and access to fishing
   • Beneficial use of dredged material to reduce beach erosion on                • Communities and people sticking together no matter what
      Bolivar Peninsula

Housing Subcommittee
Housing Issues
   • Affordable / workforce housing
   • Does county have procedures in place for money set aside for
   • Need to help rebuild or elevate existing homes that were
   • Process/intake center for housing to screen eligible applicants
       for rebuilding and elevating existing homes that were damaged
   • Money for elevations is needed
   • Build environmentally conscious green houses – energy
       efficient; water systems tank-less, etc
   • Suggested max price for replacement home $125,000 for
       elevated home
   • Priority to: homeowners who were uninsured or underinsured
       for their loss

46                                                                                                                       Bolivar Blueprint
                                 Appendix C. Initial List of Issues Identified by Steering Committee and Subcommittees

Human Services Subcommittee                                                            storms have washed away top layers of cover over buried
Things We Like About Bolivar Peninsula                                                 utilities and pipes
    • Sense of community                                                           •   Master Drainage Plan needed for entire Peninsula; specific
    • Continue and plan growth for 1st responders/EMS                                  issues are SH87 roadside drainage; county and private roadway
    • Meals on Wheels / Seniors’ transportation program should be                      drainage, the slough; SH87 departing outfall ditches; 404 permit
       brought back                                                                    complications
    • Churches: Food Pantry programs involving County Seniors’                     •   Possible creation of a Galveston County Drainage District notes;
       program                                                                         complications would include necessary easements and long-
    • Improve timing of evacuations                                                    term maintenance of drainage ways
    • Bolivar Volunteer Fire Department concerns – not put out of                  •   Repair of hard surface roads
       business by not collecting fees for EMS calls                               •   SH87 dune protection needed between High Island and Gilchrist
                                                                                   •   SH87 realignment to the north
Unmet Human Services Needs                                                         •   Hardening of electric service lines: concrete, anchors, and closer
   • Emergency Clinic                                                                  poles extending the 69 service to High Island
   • Partnership with Chambers County for Hospital/Medical                         •   Need for a Comprehensive Coastal Erosion Plan including beach
      services                                                                         nourishment, breakwaters, and levee system
   • Include Emergency clinic in recovery center / GC Health District              •   BPSUD noted need to bore under Rollover Pass with a 20”
   • Fire Services / EMS services: plan for full-timers and controlled                 waterline; the current w/l is above grade and attached to the
      growth                                                                           existing bridge; catastrophic damage to the bridge would sever
   • Seniors: transportation / meals                                                   the water service from Rollover Pass to the Ferry Landing
   • Youth programs: best practices involve parks, schools, churches               •   Need for a wastewater collection system noted; also noted
   • Broader concept of Constables                                                     were multiple serviced provider options; some areas are harder
                                                                                       to reach than others; adequate treatment capacity; immediate
   • Resident Deputy program
                                                                                       universal access; serviced line sizing; quality construction
   • Expand public safety communications
   • Expand operation of jail
                                                                                   •   Transportation improvements to Galveston was noted; ‘ferry
   • Improve re-entry plan for residents and property owners
                                                                                       system improvements and/or bridge
   • Other evacuation equipment
                                                                                   •   Improved facilities for fire fighting; not only building/structural
   • Pre-stages marine landing craft
                                                                                       facilities but also larger waterlines to reach minimal flow
                                                                                       requirements; more hydrants are also needed
Infrastructure Subcommittee
                                                                                   •   County roadways; discussion to introduce drive over dunes;
Unmet Infrastructure Needs                                                             dunes help fight washouts during storms
    • Drainage issues – storm water drainage is not getting to the ICC;
        physical barriers exist and need to be corrected; in some areas,

       Bolivar Blueprint                                                                                                                               47
                                  Appendix C. Initial List of Issues Identified by Steering Committee and Subcommittees

     •   Establishing a safe shelter or shelter of last resort; Crenshaw            •   Enhance Gregory Park with additional facilities (picnic tables,
         School or old fort were discussed as possible facilities needing               ball fields, acreage, and public restroom)
         upgrades to accomplish this                                                •   Should Rollover Pass be removed? Alternative areas should be
     •   The need to provide workforce housing; the Peninsula is too                    developed for fishing with facilities (e.g., RV parking, restrooms)
         isolated for an adequate service industry labor supply to exist            •   Master Plan for Bolivar Peninsula addressing parks, ball fields,
         without ample housing opportunities for lower income citizenry                 piers, fishing should be developed by Galveston City Parks
     •   Public transportation was raised as a potential Peninsula                      Department with an assessment of public needs
     •   A desire for broad band service was noted                              Things We Like About Parks, Recreation, and Tourism on Bolivar
     •   Discussion of limiting beach access occurred; less access points       Peninsula
         lead to less breaks in the dune system                                     • Personal service from Fort Travis personnel and
     •   Conversion of the SUD to a MUD was noted; this conversion                     facilities/historical value (70 acres)
         would begin to address funding and taxation opportunities to               • Would like to see it utilized more
         benefit the community infrastructure and services                          • Point Bolivar Park (12 acres)
                                                                                    • Noble Carl Park (11 acres)
                                                                                    • Gregory Park (15 acres)
Parks, Recreation, and Tourism Subcommittee
                                                                                    • Annual Crab Fest
Unmet Parks, Recreation, and Tourism Needs                                          • Beaches / Tourism
    • RV Park Fort Travis and additional cabanas and facilities to                          o Parking sticker program
        support                                                                             o Eco-tourism / birding
    • Public restrooms/showers for beaches and pocket parks                                 o Open beaches vs. pocket parks
    • Fishing piers – public preferred on bay and Gulf

48                                                                                                                            Bolivar Blueprint
Appendix D. Listing of April 25, 2009 Open House Comments
                                                           April 25, 2009 Open House Comments
Build a community center for the residents of Port Bolivar -                   Habitat restoration with native trees and shrubs
We need to speak for ourselves as Bolivar - not Galveston. We are not          Stop scraping our Peninsula to death. Why are we killing everything Ike
Galveston. Even though we are a small community, we can still have our         didn't?
own things.
Use Crenshaw School as a base for Daycare program to give Peninsula            Advertise that Crystal Beach & Bolivar are open to public & beach is
residents a place for very young children so they can work to support          improved
family and rebuild homes.
Toll bridge with a charge of $25.00 per car except for Bolivar property        Dunes!
Stores for food.                                                               Proper drainage & now's the time!
Get control of RV's (4 wheelers)                                               Yes, natural state of the Peninsula can be enhanced and used to attract
                                                                               tourism dollars
Build a community center for the entire Peninsula - enclosed a/c and heat Environment issues - trash from gulf
for community and elderly functions.
Higher education needs.                                                        Limit beach access to fewer roads w/ better roads
Get police to enforce laws fairly.                                             Alternative to slow erosion @ rollover instead of simply closing it
Build a medical clinic for the P.A. Bruce Mitchell who's working out of his    No cars on beach
house on East Road.
Extra summer law enforcement support from inland police agencies that          Close rollover
could be worked as "extra jobs" by partnering agencies.
If the law would ticket the tourists more than the locals, we might get        Put people first not turtles
We need a 24/7 medical emergency clinic.                                       Sewer system
Enforce parking passes.                                                        Limited access to beach
More neighborhood patrols.                                                     Get mosquito plane back! The only thing that did any good!
Increased patrols in neighborhoods.                                            Beautification committee, replant trees, palms along highway
Do we have a police force? I don't see them when you need them!)?              No more cars on our beaches! It destroys them and the wildlife!

       Bolivar Blueprint                                                                                                                                 49
                                               Appendix D. Listing of April 25, 2009 Open House Comments

                                                             April 25, 2009 Open House Comments
Get officers involved with locals that care about this community to form a No oleander needed because: 1) poisonous plant 2) no benefit to
trust without skepticism.                                                        wildlife/migration birds. Need native yaupon and native vegetation which
                                                                                 will survive another saltwater intrusion
More beach patrols.                                                              Do not burn debris piles - move them.
Back up the beach passes - enforce.                                              Recycle Center
Enforce existing laws before diving into new laws.                               Protect marsh land no development in it, rebuild lost marshland.
Officers need to write out more tickets for littering! If they're not able to    No mandatory trash pick up
give the Parks Department or the residents the authority.
Police ticket locals, but the visitors run free and get a "warning".             Open beach to continue
4C's (health clinic) expansion.                                                  Land erosion [comment was placed adjacent to What are the biggest
                                                                                 environmental issues being faced on Bolivar?]
Enforce tickets for people speeding down the beach and doing doughnuts No vehicles on this beach = privatization; protect Chapter 61
in the sand - this destroys out beaches.
A County center with Social Services and Health care.                            Find a supplier of trees that are native to our area to give to home owner
                                                                                 so we can have shade now that so many are gone
Charge for the ferry - $1.00 per car.                                            Leave beach access as it is & vehicles as it is
Where does the money go, it is a service of Texas (see above)?                   Rebuilding of our dunes and ground cover to stop sand from blowing
At least a minor emergency clinic for emergency and basic needs without          Preserve the dark skies! Street light design makes this possible with night
having to travel to Galveston or Winnie.                                         time lighting
Need a large outdoor sign in front of Joe Faggert Community Building to          Cars on the beach are not the problem. People need to pick up their trash.
inform everyone passing by of events on Peninsula on a weekly basis.
Food program back on Monday's                                                    Parking stickers bring in $$$
Outdoor programs for kids                                                        Bolivar (Ind. High Island) is one of the premier wildlife observation places
                                                                                 on the planet. Visitors come from all over the world. Many tourist $$$
                                                                                 beach /bay/marsh ecosystems
Public bulletin board at AARP building.                                          Keep the Pass open! Put jetties out to decrease sand coming in
Lot of social groups to be involved - hope they come back.                       Close the Ferry no bridge
Home health care availability.                                                   Make Bolivar more ecofriendly
Bolivar volunteers are the best - keep them funded.                              The overflow from Galveston parties needs to be addressed. The mess &
                                                                                 foul language isn't good enough for families
Liked Bolivar the way it was - less restrictions, less crime, more friendly      We need recycling options for paper and plastic
people, less traffic. It was a great place to live.

50                                                                                                                               Bolivar Blueprint
                                              Appendix D. Listing of April 25, 2009 Open House Comments

                                                           April 25, 2009 Open House Comments
There are too many developers here - kick them out.                            No cars on beach golf carts only
Appreciate Volunteer Fire Department                                           Better mosquito control using integrated pest management - BT not
Sorry Gilchrest VFD disbanded, but I understand why. It was a great            Minimize beach entrances to protect the Peninsula
service with great volunteers.
No long lines at businesses and get to talk to a real person that you know     A place to dispose of debris & trash other than our beaches & vacant lots
and exchange information.
No big traffic problems here, which is great.                                  Put some big trash receptacles on beach
Bolivar does exist east of Crystal Beach.                                      Marshes along ICWW need to be protected
Any Volunteer Fire Department and establishment to (provide) emergency Keep the pass open and put the jetties out to decrease the erosion; make
services for this area would be great support to our rebuilding efforts and a bridge that is higher and big boats can go under
community. We must be able to care for those coming back, visiting and
for the full-time residents.
Everybody's so carefree and wants to have a good time.                         After our transfer station closed a couple of years ago, people started
                                                                               dumping large items on vacant lots, beach, etc. We need a permanent
                                                                               solution to a transfer station
Was an easy life. Now new rules and regulations that are not in writing are Native vegetation equals tourist $
a problem.
Human services are weak at best. Satellite 4C's (health) clinic expansion is Transfer station similar to Galveston would be good
a good idea.
I agree (see above comment)                                                    We love our beach leave it like you found it. Take your trash!
Increase building codes, Habitat for Humanity for low income housing,          Less beach access more dunes
Limit beach access in subdivisions. Multiple access increases risk of gulf
breaching dunes, Use steel structures to build.
Eliminate 4.5' vegetation rebuild line - Use mean high tide rule as law is     Enforce litter laws to the max
Neighborhoods without deed restrictions will allow full time residents to      Use buyout land for pocket parks
return. How many people can afford to build under new codes?
Tear down junky houses, some codes are needed                                  They should make a place to put cars when you go to the beach instead of
                                                                               putting cars on the beach
Deed restrictions = tyranny! High expensive standards are lowering the #       Bird sanctuaries need trees, bushes etc. replaced
of people able to rebuild or sell!
Affordable house for middle income                                             Funding for parks in each area Bol, CB, Gil & HI

       Bolivar Blueprint                                                                                                                               51
                                               Appendix D. Listing of April 25, 2009 Open House Comments

                                                           April 25, 2009 Open House Comments
Do a survey to see just how many people are having to commute to work          Need parking off of beach
here that lived here before.
Affordable rebuilding for those that TWIA is not paying.                       Buy flood prone property
Rebuilding elevation assistance - Wonderful! We need!!! GREEN structures More beach depth
Bring together faith organizations to coordinate housing recovery              Recycling opportunities
Communicate through the schools/school children RE: recovery and               Mandatory trash
recovery planning as a way to communicate with Moms and Dads.
Grants for homestead people that did not get enough insurance money to Reduce number of roads that access beach
rebuild and are here living in RV's on their property.
No Government Housing                                                          To what avail [In response to Reduce number of roads that access beach]
Multi family dwellings (apartments/duplexes)                                   Need oleander cuttings & trees
1,000 20 to 35 year old head of households have been displaced to              Texas needs returnable deposit containers
Quit letting State/Fed insurance screw home owners to the wall - surely        Money & material for replenishing dunes. This is high priority.
there is a competent educated forward thinking individual to oversee
Bolivar needs more houses                                                      Be green
No housing projects                                                            Recycle cans-bottles newspaper drop off's
Get some Habitat Homes on Bolivar Peninsula                                    Bigger trash cans more frequent collection. Keep our beach beautiful
Codes and Rules increase the cost of housing - no more                         Needs: trees, vegetation, dunes, prevent erosion, correct drainage issues,
                                                                               trash management yes, yes! Use broken concrete and other safe debris to
                                                                               build up dune areas
Have rebates for those who do build "Green" thru Federal grants.               Fine beach trash leavers more receptacles
Program to get "bums" off beaches and out of parks                             Recycle
Limited access to beach                                                        Dark skies @ campground we need lights
You need some type of apartments or housing for workers.                       The open areas
Low cost of housing will make it attractive - Keep rural feel - bird sanctuary Stop light pollution! There are few trees now - bright lights will be seen for
What to do about insurance                                                     Does anyone remember Crystal Beach has been incorporated 3 times
                                                                               since I moved here in 1964
A-Flood Zones                                                                  Keep cans off beach

52                                                                                                                               Bolivar Blueprint
                                               Appendix D. Listing of April 25, 2009 Open House Comments

                                                            April 25, 2009 Open House Comments
Invest in rebuilding will be higher quality rebuilding due to FEMA cleaning Limit development; encourage wildlife & wetlands
up debris
Keep Crenshaw and High Island School Open                                       Drainage was bad before Ike and is worse now. Need help now.
Make it easier to build apartments - Codes are "squirrely"                      Bolivar's biggest asset - bird migration. Protect the habitat
Need affordable "to CODE" builders, we want to come back stronger!              Best birding in TX! Wonderful wildlife
No cars on beach - rent golf carts                                              Need to control light pollution. We don't need bright lights in our eyes at
                                                                                night - go to the city for bright lights!
RV's                                                                            We need lights on Bolivar Peninsula by Roll Over Pass OK
Where are they now? - (people/families with an) income range less than          Let everyone who was here before Ike rebuild at a fair cost no extreme
$30K and what are there plans for coming back - community development codes
corporation/housing developer
Priority boarding at Ferry                                                      What about Gilchrist? We live here!
Buyouts are not cool. Try to keep what you've got. You own a piece of           The people are the greatest asset of the Peninsula; no nature nazis
Texas! Be Proud!
Too many RV's already!                                                          Coastal wetland areas are precious; Protect our local & migrating bids -
                                                                                brown pelicans, roseated spoonbills, for even the alligators and snakes
Need a gas and grocery store in Bolivar                                         offshore breakwater barriers for erosion
Permits for RV's must require tie downs and anchors to not damage new           Control light pollution
The houses that are standing have got vines and there just beautiful!           No cars on beach
No long lines when you go to the grocery store, post office, etc. Unless it is Replanting vegetation let our birds come back
during the summer months. We have 9 months of living in paradise.
Knowing who to call if you need a service done and speaking to a real           Beautiful wildlife
The unity of all the communities on the Bolívar Peninsula to help each          Keep the wetlands stop the land trading
Knowing all of your neighbors and everyone that works in the businesses.        No building in V-zones on coastal barriers
No sitting in traffic like when you live in a big city.                         The dark sky; the birds; the beautiful sunsets.
A great place to live. Good community.                                          The beautiful beaches; wildlife!
Bolivar Peninsula does not have all of those asinine codes that make            Protect the wildlife - you protect everything
housing so expensive, yet the new houses are good. No more codes or

       Bolivar Blueprint                                                                                                                                      53
                                              Appendix D. Listing of April 25, 2009 Open House Comments

                                                            April 25, 2009 Open House Comments
I love this place, it's God's resort!                                           We need tree replacement
Need grocery store in Bolivar with L gas                                        People with no concerns for fauna & flora have ruined other places, don't
                                                                                let that happen here
This is a wonderful community                                                   Put people first not turtles
Neighbors helping neighbors                                                     HI - ISD already has distance learning set-up for college credits
Buyouts are the most effective mitigation!                                      Keep High Island High School open
Need affordable housing - such as RV's easily movable in case of hurricane Incorporate Audubon Sanctuary into environmental education programs
I want all my school tax dollars to stay in Bolivar                             B.P.I.S.D!
Make rebuilding for us easy - permits, etc. If rebuilding is more affordable Save our High Island School and Crenshaw School and parks
we can come back easier. Some of us may never be compensated by our
Not too commercial - birds and wildlife make it unique.                         Need activities for kids
Public restrooms and many trash bins (maintained by County)                     Break from GISD!
Enforce existing laws on the beach - no glass and litter better beach clean- Providing high School grades in Crenshaw
up; more trash cans, more trash pick up
Public access to beaches does not have to include cars                          There will be free summer programs for kids
Keep pass open - use jetties to prevent erosion                                 Stay away from Galveston ISD
Build back the wildlife please!                                                 Keep High Island High School open love the small classes for the kids.
Close rollover; Historical festival at Fort Travis                              Sometimes we have to do what is best for all our kids, they may mean to
                                                                                come together as a team.
Replant more trees & foliage throughout parks to bring back birds and           One Peninsula ISD
other wildlife!!
Keep rollover pass open w/ parallel jetties (like at Grand Isle) to stop sand We need BPISD
from entering the pass
Have crab fest                                                                  With small classes and caring dedicated teachers, could be an exceptional
                                                                                educational facility
Raise Hwy 87 we need a way out without getting stuck by the tides or            Join High Island District
Keep all facilities in working order and clean                                  United we stand divided we fall
Improve Gregory Park; covered picnic pavilion area; gulf fishing pier; cool     Galveston ISD won't support Crenshaw very much longer - Wake Up!
crab and music festival

54                                                                                                                             Bolivar Blueprint
                                               Appendix D. Listing of April 25, 2009 Open House Comments

                                                             April 25, 2009 Open House Comments
Close the beach to cars if parking permits are only enforced 2 to 3 days a       Cooperate for the children to create a great BPISD
Have a beach patrol in several locations all weekend                             Keep both our schools Open - High Island and Crenshaw
Safe entertainment; no gambling sites!                                           Children "History of Ft. Travis" festival
More events, e.g. crab fest etc.                                                 Get high education teachers
Fort Travis should be a National Park; it is a treasure; tourism jewel           Build a strong school that will be able to go through a hurricane
Where is our tree funding                                                        Keep all our school tax money on Bolivar
Upgrade Gregory Park with baseball fields etc.                                   Create a sub district or have an asst superintendent specific to Bolivar - a
                                                                                 local board or advisory board.
Must have adequate (clean) "Day" use facilities; shade, bath, bathroom           Watch for (opportunities for) publicity
Must do something about ferries! More - running more often! More                 Please remember the students and what is best for them they are our
New family parks/rec areas                                                       Keep the close relations between teachers and students - High Island is a
                                                                                 vital part of the community and should not be forgotten. Crenshaw
                                                                                 withstood the worst so keep it up.
Bike and walking park like League City is building                               Break from GISD! We need a Bolivar SD - our school taxes should stay here
                                                                                 for our children
Take the alcohol off the beach                                                   Environmental and Wildlife Classes - Educate our kids
Casinos!                                                                         Combine resources in both districts for the good of the children
Encourage fishing & fun in the sun & beach                                       Join forces with HISD and become a wealthy school district! Keep our tax $
                                                                                 on the Peninsula
No cars on beach; no alcohol on beach                                            Consolidation of school districts on Peninsula away from Galveston
I'll drink to that [referring to no cars on beach; no alcohol on beach]          My wife and I do not have children but, keep Crenshaw and increase GISD
                                                                                 and HISD
I'll drink to that too [referring to no cars on beach; no alcohol on beach]      One District, GISD
Move to Galveston [referring to no cars on beach; no alcohol on beach]           Keep Crenshaw open
Close Rollover - stop erosion                                                    Keep Crenshaw open
Put big (adequate) trash cans & pick up on the beach                             Close Crenshaw bus to High Island
Rebuild the golf course bigger and better! 1 or 2 more festivals                 High Island athletics, small classes, student teacher ratio and for the pre
                                                                                 school in High Island
No casino's please [unclear remainder]                                           Keep Crenshaw open

       Bolivar Blueprint                                                                                                                                   55
                                               Appendix D. Listing of April 25, 2009 Open House Comments

                                                              April 25, 2009 Open House Comments
Get rid of bums                                                                   Keep Crenshaw open
Protect natural resources                                                         Make High Island and Crenshaw one
Run the bums out of the parks that prey on us by approaching us for               Make one school district
money so they can buy beer
Cleaner beaches; festivals - festivals - festivals - exercise park                Think of the children's education, Crenshaw has GREAT teachers and staff
Better beach clean up                                                             After school programs with a bus driver to take door to door kids home if
                                                                                  can't get a ride
Stop cars on the beach and you will stop 85% of the trash                         Keep Crenshaw open
Please don't close Rollover Pass                                                  Keep this new beautiful program Crenshaw Campus and educational
                                                                                  facility for all Peninsula students.
Public restrooms on beaches                                                       A small community gets help and resources from a large school district;
                                                                                  therefore our children have opportunities that they would not have
                                                                                  without this connection.
Better beach clean up                                                             Let the children make-up their minds (with their parents help) <to
                                                                                  determine> what school they want to attend GISD or HISD.
More bathroom facilities for beachgoers; keep cars on beach                       School Choice
Install trees, palms, oleanders, build dunes, keep some green space               Crenshaw recognized!
Trash barrels, porta-pottys needed on beach                                       Utilize all children as one common goal - THE BEST EDUCATION!
Develop Fort Travis for tourism                                                   Need more after school program with transportation - kids need
                                                                                  meaningful activities
North Jetty is an asset                                                           Classes for marine life ocean studies and camps for kids. And keep
                                                                                  Crenshaw open (teacher)
Build a seawall; protect homes and Hwy                                            Keep Crenshaw open
Public bathrooms maintained by Galveston Co parks                                 After school activities for teenagers, keep them busy.
Close Rollover - should never have been dug!                                      Keep Crenshaw open
Stingaree music festival                                                          Houston Audubon Society presentation - wonderful idea
Talk about rollover pass filling up East Bay                                      Crenshaw enrollment increasing - High Island decreasing
Fill in Rollover Pass now                                                         Please think of the kids and what we can offer them with after school
Educate the youth (& parents) - kids don't play outside anymore. Get a            Kids can learn, toughen up
pier, nature center, wetlands site for hands on activities for youth. They
will grow up to take care of this area - a great investment.

56                                                                                                                              Bolivar Blueprint
                                                 Appendix D. Listing of April 25, 2009 Open House Comments

                                                               April 25, 2009 Open House Comments
Have a historical day at Fort Travis w/ live re-enactments (kind of like the       FFA programs local community education partnerships
San Jacinto battleground does). Have a special area that kids can
participate in (dress in historic costumes, etc.) Appreciate Texas history
Texas Coastal Music and Arts Festival; feature Texas artists of all types,         This Peninsula cannot grow and thrive without a school for our children
feature fabulous seafood with small town coastal community flair                   within a reasonable distance from their home.
Build piers and bulks                                                              Bolivar education is very weak and inconsistent in regards to academics
                                                                                   and homework.
Build seawall from where beach is then erosion wont happen                         Crenshaw school as part of GISD is a recognized campus with dedicated
                                                                                   students and staff. Let’s keep this heart of our community.
Mardi Gras parade                                                                  We need families. Families do not want their children to be carried 30
                                                                                   miles to school. Keep our schools open.
Have crab festival come                                                            Build more churches instead of knocking them down, also home school
                                                                                   children until the schools are rebuilt and make it strong so if another
                                                                                   storm like this comes again we will make it through the storm without
                                                                                   rebuilding, also when schools start opening consider after school
                                                                                   programs to learn what they missed.
Build a public pier                                                                After school programs, support HI School System, One community school
Close Rollover Pass to stop erosion                                                Put in a toll bridge over the ship channel.
Lose rollover (I'll miss it too); build three fishing piers - Rollover, CB, Pt. B  Casino! Please.
w/ Bay access & Gulf access
Have Crystal Land Parade come this December                                        Sticker program - one price for residents and one for tourists
Keep the drunks from congregating in our parks; no one feels safe taking           Casino - Yes
children there to play
One of the top 10 fishing destinations in the U.S. in 2008; people from 48         Priority loading for residents and business suppliers until a bridge is built
states and 18 foreign countries came
Have a Fourth of July parade this year; on Saturday July 4th this year             No Alcohol
Tourist love gambling                                                              No Casinos
Keep open the pass & help the local assoc. make it better; put jetties out         Close the ferry or charge for ferry service.
Keep Rollover a pass                                                               No bridge - give residents PB passes.
Close Rollover!!                                                                   Casinos will run off all residents - Developers and corporations will take
No vehicles on beach so children can play safely                                   Better ferry service

       Bolivar Blueprint                                                                                                                                       57
                                              Appendix D. Listing of April 25, 2009 Open House Comments

                                                           April 25, 2009 Open House Comments
Keep Rollover open; charge a fee for use                                       Priority ferry boarding service to residents so we can work
Close Rollover!!! save our beach                                               Light bridge near Frenchtown needs to be fixed or cut through from ferry
                                                                               to Frenchtown to Sixth Street.
Close it now!                                                                  More ferry boats
Leave Rollover open - as is; charge for admission                              Better law enforcement
Lets have crab festival bigger this year; fix up Gregory Park                  No cars on the beach
Build a skate rink for kids for Bolivar Peninsula; open Fun Town, water        No beer on the beach
Make Fort Travis a tourist attraction great revenue                            Owner access pass to ferry with fee or charge for ferry service
Continue to encourage community events @ parks, etc.; public fishing pier Need public bulletin board at AARP Building
(pay entry)
Neighborhoods are holding more water - flooding easily.                        Need a recycling center
Concerned about future flooding over road and ability to leave in future       Yes (see above comment)!!
What can be done about future erosion?                                         Yes - Recycle!
Will 87 be repaired and go through to High Island if another storm hits?       Build a bridge.
Schools?                                                                       Form EDC for Peninsula.
I liked everything - my teacher, the beach, my friends.                        No Casinos
Drainage on Verdia streets are bad!!                                           More ferries
Why do we need "drive-over" dunes?                                             Clean out the bay so shrimpers can fish it again without tearing up their
No drive over dunes.                                                           Sticker program - one price for residents and another for tourists.
Address sewer problem.                                                         No Casinos
Needed - sewer system - a real system. ASAP.                                   No Bridge
Bury the line before it's too late.                                            You put casinos in and it's just going to my home and problems with the
                                                                               ferry lines.
Fix drainage in all areas! Clean out ditches.                                  Housing is one reason year-round residents have not returned. This would
                                                                               help us to repopulate our schools also.
Clean out culverts and ditches so we have drainage.                            New businesses for employment opportunities
Let's immediately repair the drainage ditches - the last storm proved we       No alcohol on the beaches
are in trouble.

58                                                                                                                           Bolivar Blueprint
                                                Appendix D. Listing of April 25, 2009 Open House Comments

                                                              April 25, 2009 Open House Comments
Yes (to above item)!!                                                             Better access to the Peninsula. Who can afford to wait 2 hours to deliver
                                                                                  products to the Peninsula?
Close ferry.                                                                      We need a four lane highway on Bolivar Peninsula. Please expand in Port
                                                                                  Bolivar - at Route 108, can't even turn right.
Keep Rollover open.                                                               Yes - Casinos
Please correct drainage issues and improve roadways.                              I want Casinos.
What is the solution for drainage?                                                Go to L.A. (see above comment).
Need wider and higher Hwy 87.                                                     No Casinos
Create new ditches along Hwy 87 for drainage.                                     No Bridge
Improve drainage.                                                                 Keep beach open.
Good roads - not cow trails.                                                      No Casino
Have air strip available and for sale call P. Rogers (409-684-3553)               Build a bridge.
We need EMS 24 hours.                                                             Gambling, please
Better Drainage                                                                   No Gambling
No public housing ever                                                            Priority boarding passes for residents (at ferry)
No public housing and if so, we need more good cops.                              No Casino
Seawall to protect us from future storms                                          Improve ferry.
Need dunes!                                                                       Go back to priority pass (at ferry).
Drainage Infrastructure                                                           Form a navigation district to take advantage of Intracoastal Waterway and
                                                                                  access to Houston ship channel.
Sewer lines - ASAP                                                                Residents who live here full time need to have some sort of priority
                                                                                  boarding (at ferry). The current situation is unacceptable for those of us
                                                                                  who work in Galveston.
Public transportation needed to mainland                                          Here, here (see above comment)
No MUD                                                                            Install a community fishing pier where residents (utility bill, copy of deed,
                                                                                  driver's license, etc.) get a discounted rate and visitors pay full price.
                                                                                  Strong pier into the gulf to stimulate the economy in our area. We need
                                                                                  good revenue.
Build a bridge if you’re not going to put the ferries in full service (run all of Please - no Casino. If there is one, they get competitive - first one, then
them).                                                                            another, then another. Then the Peninsula is ruined. Lake Charles is not
                                                                                  that far away folks.

       Bolivar Blueprint                                                                                                                                     59
                                                Appendix D. Listing of April 25, 2009 Open House Comments

                                                             April 25, 2009 Open House Comments
No MUD!                                                                          Highway 87 is incredibly dark at night. We have e-mailed Pat Doyle's and
                                                                                 Judge Yarborough’s offices repeatedly (neither or whom will receive our
                                                                                 vote again). All we are asking is that we have adequate street lights along
                                                                                 the highway and in the neighborhoods. There are no lights around the
                                                                                 new water tower or on the corner of Boyt Road where there are large dark
Need to pick up debris at Boyt Road beach access area and fill in when           Keep cars off the beach. Open access to the beaches doesn't mean it has
across both sides of road.                                                       to be by car.
Improving water drainage                                                         Keep cars off the beach.
Need streets repaired in our subdivision - Ocean Shores.                         More and bigger trash receptacles
No public housing ever.                                                          Eco-tourism - birders
No low income or public housing ever!                                            Eco-tourism, bird watchers, nature watchers are clean, law abiding
                                                                                 visitors. They spend $ and do not leave trash.
Repair Hwy 87 before there is no access to the Bolivar Peninsula.                Potential growth with eco-tourism - absolutely! I totally agree with you.
                                                                                 I'm a tree hugger and bird lover too.
Dredge bay.                                                                      Beach stickers - enforce the law.
Need a bridge - ferry system old and not up to par - a white elephant.           Better law enforcement
Bus stops                                                                        If parking stickers are not enforced daily, then on weekends charge daily
                                                                                 use in restricted areas only.
Sidewalks for children                                                           Paying to park is a real turnoff. Don't have beach stickers. People don't like
Bolivar SUD taking care of sewage                                                Put more action in the sticker law.
Move 87 back.                                                                    We need dumpsters and a transfer station here as we used to have 3 years
                                                                                 ago to keep people from dumping trash on our beaches.
Most canals still have debris and dredging is the only way to rid them           Enforce beach stickers - big fines.
Close Roll Over!                                                                 Thousands of birders from all over the world visit Bolivar each year. They
                                                                                 spend many $$.
Close Roll Over Pass!                                                            Enforce the sticker law.
Keep Roll Over open.                                                             Stop driving on the beach.
New sewage treatment plant.                                                      Activate an Improvement District.
Improved Broadband (wireless and wired) service                                  It is important to keep beach access to all citizens. People come here
                                                                                 because they cannot access the beach in Galveston.
Please fix Gilchrest flashing lights and put lights over bridge on each side.    Trashy beaches run off tourists with money - they go elsewhere

60                                                                                                                                 Bolivar Blueprint
                                               Appendix D. Listing of April 25, 2009 Open House Comments

                                                           April 25, 2009 Open House Comments
Keep our history - Roll Over Pass has a lot of memories for residents and is Bolivar - Secede!!
a good fishing spot.
Fix dunes and bridges across them.                                             Commercial fisheries are very important to the Peninsula economy.
Leave it alone.                                                                Keep the beaches open to vehicles.
Kept alive                                                                     Keep Roll Over open.
Enforcement of "mandatory" evacuation plans.                                   Having a transfer station to dump trash and debris instead of on lots and
No MUD ever!!                                                                  Our tax dollars stay here. Galveston County rarely helps us here.
Close Roll Over Pass.                                                          I love Bolivar Peninsula. I think everybody can help Bolivar Peninsula
Run the ferries - TxDOT should be accountable.                                 Bolivar Peninsula can be built better if we all help.
Get rid of abandoned trashy houses.                                            Make it more kid friendly
Close Roll Over.                                                               No casino. Please go to Louisiana. If you can afford to gamble, can afford
                                                                               to drive there. Keep our area natural. Bolivar's not that big. We don't need
                                                                               that commercial crap. :)
Stop erosion.                                                                  Bolivar is a great place to live and wonderful people that care about each
Build public fishing Piers.                                                    Kick developers out. The more people you have, the more problems you
                                                                               have. Look at the City. [Added by other: "I agree."]
Old Fort                                                                       Close Crenshaw.
Close the Ferry.                                                               Casinos
Allow RV's to be used as housing (affordable). In addition, they can be        This is a new clean slate for US… not developers. WE can make it better.
easily moved in case of hurricane threat.
Put a time limit in how long RV's can be in place as not to damage new         Get the trash off the beach. Make it beautiful, not ugly.
homes from flying debris during strong winds.
A real sewer system - not 4" lines. Publicly owned and operated.               No casino
Horizontal offshore breakwaters for erosion.                                   No Casino. Fix up Bolivar.
Ferry system upgrades                                                          Better access!
Close Roll Over                                                                Rebuild the Beach. Replace the dunes -- quickly.
More public fishing areas                                                      Let the rest of U.S. know how bad it is here.
Why would we close Roll Over? I really enjoy it.                               Seawall. Raise Highway 87. Rebuild dunes. Jetties like Galveston.
Keep Roll Over Open.                                                           If people don't litter, recycle and reuse. Bolivar will be a better place.
Close Roll Over - save the rest of the beach.                                  Seawall now

       Bolivar Blueprint                                                                                                                                 61
                                              Appendix D. Listing of April 25, 2009 Open House Comments

                                                          April 25, 2009 Open House Comments
Keep Roll Over Pass (4/25/09)                                                 Seawall protection. Protect, make progress and preserve.
No Casinos                                                                    Seawall is an absolute must. Dunes have to be built up! Highway 87 raised.
No sewer system                                                               Love living here and raising my kids. Let's protect it with a seawall and
Put jetties at Roll Over Pass.                                                A tall bridge with a cost of $25 except for Bolivar property owners
No MUD                                                                        No Casino
No Bridge                                                                     Build the dunes by [back?] quickly.
Keep it simple.                                                               Build dunes back so 87 does not flood.
Use parallel jetties to keep sand from coming into the Pass.                  Thank you, GISD.
Keep the Pass open.                                                           Better upscaled amenities and services. Clean community. Law
                                                                              enforcement. More entertainment and nightlife. A "safe" place to live and
                                                                              retire. Protect Highway 87 access.
Close Roll Over Pass!                                                         Better ferry service
No Casinos - it will bring bad people to our County.                          Raise 87.
No cars allowed on beach - only golf carts                                    County should contribute $/$ to build dunes. It's not fair that homeowners
                                                                              have to pay for them yet dunes help everyone!
Keep Roll Over open.                                                          Bolivar should be like it always has been: cars on beach, no seawall.
                                                                              Freedom for citizens to enjoy what God gave.
Close Roll Over Pass!                                                         Combine Port Bolivar, Crystal Beach, Gilchrist into efficient and well-
                                                                              staffed fire and EMS department.
No Casino                                                                     Stop talking about a seawall and build one.
I love everything about Crystal Beach - fishing, beach, home, school,         Let's keep our beach like it was. There is no place for parking if we do not
friends.                                                                      allow driving on the beach. Our private drives and side streets will be an
                                                                              awful mess.
Give it back to the Indians.                                                  Bolivar should not be run by realtors, developers and liquor sales.
Make flood lights point down - not at neighbors. Keep Bolivar dark at         If people don't litter then we would have a better home. We should also
night. Stars are beautiful!                                                   build dunes to protect houses.
No more rules!!                                                               Keep cars off the beach. Raise Highway 87. Need better drainage on roads
                                                                              and entrances.
Leave Roll Over alone.                                                        Seawall. Dunes. Better drainage to prevent erosion. Build Green and to

62                                                                                                                            Bolivar Blueprint
                                               Appendix D. Listing of April 25, 2009 Open House Comments

                                                           April 25, 2009 Open House Comments
A lot of people lost everything and the last thing they need [are people]      No seawall dike
making their lives worse. Compassion!!
Close Roll Over under the bridge so people can still fish on both sides.       Stop talking about a seawall or dike. Do it.
Fort Travis needs work.                                                        Receive feedback on becoming a village
North jetties need sand.                                                       Better roads
Keep Roll Over open!                                                           No cars on beach in center of Crystal Beach
Roll Over needs closing to keep the erosion ok and keep the beaches on         Move Highway 87 back. Dunes back and seawall.
Bolivar from disappearing.
Closing Roll Over will restore the oyster beds in the Bay which is silted up   Seawall protection from next "Ike." Highway 87 raised. Dunes higher.
with sand from the beaches.                                                    Whatever it takes to protect what is left and what will be rebuilt.
No cars on the beach                                                           Centralized fire department and EMS. All should be available 24/7.
Keep the Pass open with parallel jetties to stop the sand from entering the Sheriffs at a station on Peninsula staffed 24/7.
Close Roll Over.                                                               Seawall now
Restrictions on RV's placed here permanently.                                  Why build it if it will be destroyed again? Seawall a must!!
Amen (to above comment)!                                                       Restore the dunes. Replenish the sand. Work on restoring drainage,
                                                                               especially Crystal Beach. Seawall. Highway 87.
No golf carts on highway.                                                      Improve drainage.
No cars on beaches - only golf carts.                                          Seawall to protect what we have
Charge at least $1.00 per car for the ferry.                                   Get cars off beaches.
Qualified County engineer                                                      Seawall with occasional lit areas. Well help us down 87 at night or in fog,
                                                                               protect our area and would be a nice to ride a bike or walk.
Building code requirements in writing                                          Elevation requirements
Put building codes in place and enforce them.                                  Good law enforcement. No cars on beach.
We need sand and other barriers to build back the dunes.                       Consider possibilities of MUD district.
Need better drainage to protect remaining areas from washout.                  Build a seawall. Gambling. Media help about cleanup.

Charge for ferry - $1.00 per car.                                              Make a stronger community.
Repair bridges on Frenchtown and Fort Travis - these are our routes that       Economics. New business. Full-time residents.
must be used for safe travel during weekend traffic.
We need Roll Over to support the bay and Intracoastal Waterway. It             The reason I love Bolivar is because of the way it was. No changes needed.
provides great fishing, attracts people (which we need to support our
community) and provides water and nutrients to other areas.

       Bolivar Blueprint                                                                                                                                     63
                                               Appendix D. Listing of April 25, 2009 Open House Comments

                                                         April 25, 2009 Open House Comments
No cars on the beach                                                         Community leadership who will speak for local residents.
No cars on the beach                                                         Economic opportunity. Light commercial and manufacturing. Sound
                                                                             infrastructure! Utilities, especially electric with renewable considerations.
                                                                             Tourism base - keeps it quiet most of the year. Definite overhaul; refine of
                                                                             ferries - 5-hour waits ridiculous.
Keep Pass open                                                               Better communication among residents.
Use mature plants and vegetation                                             Seawall= beach erosion. Build at your own risk!
We love our dark skies! Less light pollution, BUT we need street lights on   Fill in rollover.
the highway
Require garbage collection as part of water\sewer service                    Forming an EDC specific to Bolivar.
Do not burn debris piles - remove                                            Protection from Gulf. Keep developers out. Better leadership.
Dump area for large trash                                                    Raise 87. Build a seawall.
Enforce laws on glass, trash, parking permit                                 Help local businesses to rebuild (water slide, golf course) and provide
                                                                             incentives to attract new attractions (mini golf courses and batting cages).
Native vegetation only                                                       Better evacuation route off the Peninsula.
We need a recycle center                                                     Home - Work - Life
We need our trees                                                            Rebuild and revegetate dunes.
Think ecologically not self absorbed interests                               More cooperation from County appeals, fewer red tape. Let people start
                                                                             with few restrictions and then they plan. This was a compatible place.
                                                                             Government trying to change.
Keep the community atmosphere it has. Move and raise Highway 87.             Need answers.
Rebuild dunes.
Need accurate and timely and factual communications. Too many rumors.

64                                                                                                                             Bolivar Blueprint
Appendix E. Transcript of April                        rolling. First off, I'd like to have your attention for   project or blueprint, as John Simsen refers to it, to
                                                       a few minutes to give our County Commissioner             help us sculpture what we want the Bolivar
28, 2009 Public Hearing                                Pat Doyle a chance to welcome you and say hello.          Peninsula to look like over the next two to three
Galveston County Office of                             COMMISSIONER DOYLE: I want to first start
Emergency Management                                   with thanking each and every one of y'all for             And it will help me go back to Commissioner's
1353 FM 646W, Suite 201, Dickinson, TX 77539           coming out tonight. We had a great weekend, not           Court with something in hand and say, "This is
ph 281-309-5002                                        only cleaning up the beach; but we had a great            what the people have said. These are the different
                                                       turnout as you can see by all of the sticky notes on      type of things they would like to see done." And
                                                       the various committees' boards in comments that           that's what I want to have in hand so I can -- give
                                                       were made over the weekend, the all daylong,              me an aid or a tool to do that.
BOLIVAR BLUEPRINT PUBLIC HEARING                       come and go as you please.
                                                                                                                 So, I appreciate y'all's input in that process. As I
April 28, 2009, 5:30 P.M - 8:00 P.M.
                                                       But we appreciate you coming back out this                stated, this is a building-back process. All of the
Crenshaw Elementary and Middle School, 416
                                                       evening and coming to us to give us your                  good comments we can take -- that I can take back
Highway 87
                                                       comments. The thing I want to begin with by               to court, I really appreciate. And I appreciate all of
Crystal Beach, Texas 77650
                                                       thanking Barry, the FEMA group. I know FEMA               your time in coming out and helping me do that.
                                                       doesn't always get the best publicity.                    So, thank y'all for coming. (Applause.)
MR. JOHN SIMSEN: Welcome. If you have a
                                                       But from the County's perspective, they've been a         MR. JOHN SIMSEN: Thanks, Commissioner.
card that you filled out and you'd like to make
                                                       great partner for us in starting a lot of projects.
some comments, could you, please, hold that up in
                                                       And probably the biggest and most important to            It's pretty amazing to see how many things this
the air so we could come by and pick that up?
                                                       me was getting the Peninsula cleaned up after Ike.        County Commissioner can do in a 24-hour period.
Hold your comment cards up so we can come get
                                                       And so, I appreciate that.                                He's on both sides of the Peninsula at any given
                                                                                                                 hour of the day. Then he's on the Mainland,
                                                       Obviously, the County folks that are here, John           working in San Leon and Bacliff. And he's just
We're going to get started here real soon because
                                                       Lee, John Simsen, my good buddy, Lee Crowder,             amazing. I think we ought to give him another
we have a number of people that want to make
                                                       I couldn't do what I do without these folks. Tut is       hand for all of the work that he's done. (Applause.)
their comments and then leave. So, we'll get this
                                                       here. All of the County folks, they've been equally
rolling in just a minute.
                                                       up to the task to get the thing rolling for us. So,       COMMISSIONER DOYLE: Thank you.
                                                       y'all know -- I know your personal issues have
We're going to go ahead and get started. Thank
                                                       been difficult.                                           MR. JOHN SIMSEN: Barry Hokanson, with the
you all so much for coming. How many of you are
                                                                                                                 FEMA ESF-14 or long-term recovery group, has
full-time residents on the Peninsula, just out of
                                                       But now we're looking at what we've been talking          been spearheading our effort to put together the
curiosity? Wow, that's fantastic. We are so glad
                                                       about from the beginning, and that's building back        Bolivar Blueprint. They are the brains behind the
that you're here today. We're so glad that Bolivar
                                                       Bolivar better, if we can. And this is one of the         operation. They kind of have helped us figure out
is so important to you and so important to your life
                                                       biggest steps in doing so. And so, we appreciate --       what kind of meeting to conduct.
and your future.
                                                       and I want y'all to understand from the County's
                                                       perspective, this is a community-based -- this is a       They helped us put together the open house on
We are really anxious to get your comments. And
                                                       FEMA assisted; but it's a community-based                 Saturday. They helped us select the Steering
we're going to set a few ground rules and get this

        Bolivar Blueprint                                                                                                                                          65
                                                        Appendix E. Transcript of April 28, 2009 Public Hearing

Committee to kind of lead the process, and they             process of developing a strategy with the help of      important, of course. But for the purposes of this
helped us get the subcommittees together to begin           the County, with the help of the citizens such as      hearing, we really want to collect the information
the process of actually starting this discussion. So,       yourself.                                              that is going to help us guide the Blueprint.
they've been instrumental to it, as the
Commissioner pointed out.                                   So, for tonight, each person will be given three       John Lee and I are here to help with some of those
                                                            minutes to speak. John Simsen and the                  off-topic issues. And we'll certainly be here to
So, I'm going to have Barry come up and tell you a          Commissioner will chair that. You will be              help with that. So, I guess without further adieu,
little bit about the ground rules for tonight and get       speaking to them, but your comments will be part       we'll move right into it. And we'll go with the first
you up to the podium and start getting those                of the record and will go into the final report.       person who's requested to speak, Alejandro
comments in.                                                                                                       Aguilar.
                                                            I believe, if there is time after everyone has had a
MR. BARRY HOKANSON: Thank you, John.                        chance to speak, if someone wants to speak again       MR. ALEJANDRO AGUILAR: My name is
                                                            for three minutes, then they're going to entertain     Alejandro Aguilar. Most of you know me as either
Can you hear me okay?                                       that as well. But on the first round, they wanted to   customers or from the community and have
                                                            limit the time so that everyone gets a chance to       entrusted me with your auto repairs. So, I think
First of all, I'd like to thank those of you that           speak.                                                 you will believe me that what I'm saying is true.
turned out on Saturday, as the Commissioner said.
Could I just see a show of hands how many were              Is there anything else we need to --                   One of the subcommittees is for low-income
here on Saturday, also? Thank you again for                                                                        housing. Now, I've been through a battle with
coming back. What we did on Saturday was: We                MR. JOHN SIMSEN: When you do come up to                DHAP. I've asked the County Commissioner
had these same display boards up. There are seven           the podium, there is a microphone there, a wireless    Doyle to help me, which he did very emphatically;
subcommittees of the overall Steering Committee.            microphone. Sometimes you have to get a little         and I appreciate his support.
And the list is outside. In case some of your               close to that microphone to make sure that people
friends and neighbors are on that list, You can also        can hear you. We would like you to state your          In today's paper there was a front-page article for
speak with them individually, if you'd like.                name clearly for the court reporter record.            one of my tenants that was hit by a truck. And if
                                                                                                                   you read further through on page B5, it gives the
The purpose for the Post-it notes was to either             And I guess I will just make one other comment.        answer. They never called me back. I had to read
agree or disagree with some of the comments that            Barry and the Commissioner did mention, this is a      about it in the paper. "No housing assistance."
are on those boards. There are still sticky notes           great opportunity to look and see what other
here tonight. And if you didn't get a chance to do          comments have been made. So, feel free to wander       Four people live on my property right now that
that previously, we're going to stay here until 8:30        afterward to take a look at those comments.            DHAP will not pay for. They're looking for low-
-- excuse me, until 8:00 tonight. We'll stay longer                                                                income housing. I have a solution. It's a lose-lose
if you need to so that you can add -- if you didn't         But one other point I want to make is that initially   situation. Hopefully, somebody I've been talking
get a chance on Saturday to still add some                  the point of this hearing is to get your feedback      to, all of the agencies involved, will get together
concerns or comments to that list.                          and to get your suggestion. There are an awful lot     and help out with this short-term deal to get
                                                            of other issues that people are dealing with. And      contractors here to build the houses. They're only
As John and the Commissioner said, this will be a           we really don't want to tie up the microphone with     going to be here a short period of time.
public hearing coming up next. And your                     individual personal issues with, say, debris
comments will be recorded and be part of a record.          removal or, you know, your problems with an            That's one thing. The low-income housing
And what will happen with this is: We're in the             SBA loan or things of that nature. Those are           definitely is an issue. Me -- and there's other

66                                                                                                                                      Bolivar Blueprint
                                                          Appendix E. Transcript of April 28, 2009 Public Hearing

people on the Peninsula that can provide short-               please call anyone you can think of to see what we    Island on the map before they plan their next
term low-income housing to get some of our                    can do to have more housing here without all of       birding expedition on the upper Texas coast.
houses rebuilt and fixed. It's a good idea. And if a          the resistance.
storm comes, we can haul them out with a truck.                                                                     I work in the petrochemical industry, and I have
It's not a big problem. It's safer. That keeps us             We've got a man that's crippled. He has a broken      met thousands of people or hundreds of people --
from losing everything.                                       collar bone, four broken ribs, a broken back and a    I'm sorry -- who have either owned beach houses
                                                              severed femur that is living on charity right now.    or frequently enjoyed the rentals on weekends.
The other alternative is we've been told we can               And he's got a voucher for a house. But there is no   Most of them know High Island as a great fishing
move off the Peninsula to Port Arthur, to High                house. He doesn't want to leave here either. And      spot and "Oh, yeah, they've got a great fruit stand
Island or to Galveston. Anybody here want to                  that's about all I have to say. Thank you.            right there on -- just before you go down the hill."
leave? Raise your hands. Low-income housing is                (Applause.)
needed for someone to rebuild their houses.                                                                         The other day I ran into a guy that I've known for
                                                              MR. JOHN SIMSEN: Thank you. Good                      a long time, and he asked the following questions.
The second item on my agenda is the trees. The                comments.                                             The new number one question is: "Y'all about to
cleanup effort was great. Our nuisance abatement                                                                    get things put back together down there?" The old
man is pretty up on trees and the regrowth of                 Next up we have Roger George.                         number one question, which is now the number
them. And I spoke with him myself; and I think                                                                      two question is: "How's the fishing?" And the
that a program to replenish indigenous trees to               MR. ROGER GEORGE: I just want to thank                number three question is: "Is the fruit stand open
help with the oxygen on the Peninsula, put some               everyone for coming out this evening. I'm just        up yet?"
greenery back, either on their grant or at a                  going to speak briefly about High Island
reasonable fee to the homeowner, is a great idea.             Independent School District and the community.        You know, in my travels up and down the Gulf
                                                              And I've got something I wrote about as I was         Coast, working in the refineries, I've met
The third thing and final thing is the drainage and           growing up as a child and what I remember and         numerous people who lived in High Island --
the sewer, which I've also spoke with the powers              what I learned about the people from Bolivar and      either lived in High Island when they were
that be; and they said it will take a little while. But       being from High Island.                               children because their fathers worked there in the
most of us know right now our streets are flooded,                                                                  oil field or visited their aunts or uncles and
and our ditches are flooded, and our yards are                First of all, I want to express my deepest sympathy   brothers or sisters who lived in High Island and
flooded. (Applause.)                                          to those who have lost so much due to Hurricane       worked in the oil fields.
                                                              Ike and its roaring waters. Your willingness to
And how is the sewer system going to work with                pick up the pieces and build Bolivar back is to be    They all have fond memories of summer fun from
all of the culverts filled and no drainage out to the         commended. Although I did not lose my                 crabbing and fishing on the pier or playing
streets? We have to do something; otherwise, it's             belongings, I have grieved over the losses from       summer league baseball and swimming at the
going to be a cesspool on the entire Peninsula.               friends and family from High Island all the way to    beach. Some of you may be old enough to
                                                              Port Bolivar.                                         remember what High Island, Gilchrist, Crystal
So, any of you, even if you're not seeking housing                                                                  Beach and Port Bolivar used to be.
in travel trailers or you know somebody that needs            High Island is a very special place. Thousands of
a place to live or that has a FEMA voucher and                people drive down Highway 124 on the way to the       I've only seen the glimpse of High Island in old
nowhere to rent on the Peninsula and they need to             beach to Galveston and do not realize they went       photographs. And through those photographs, I
live here to help us rebuild or to live here                  through High Island. But yet thousands of bird        found a sense of pride in the little town that I live
permanently and become a part of our community,               watchers from all over the world locate High          in. The pride that I'm referring to was first instilled

        Bolivar Blueprint                                                                                                                                              67
                                                       Appendix E. Transcript of April 28, 2009 Public Hearing

into me by my mother and dad. Dad always telling           that they were just like me. The only difference       Through this time in my life, I've learned a lot
me to mind your Ps and Qs. Mom saying, you                 was they went to different schools.                    about pride and the people of the Bolivar
know, "Say 'yes, ma'am' and 'no, ma'am' and do                                                                    Peninsula. The pride -- I'm sorry. I learned about
whatever you're told to do." Dad, you know, "Son,          During all of this time, I never realized that my      the pride that the people of the Bolivar Peninsula
don't embarrass me in front of none of these               mom and dad already knew most of the people --         had for their community as well. Growing up in a
people. I know them all."                                  most of the parents of the kids that I had been        small community with a 1A high school has
                                                           playing baseball against in Port Bolivar. I'd ask      afforded me the opportunity to meet some
Being the youngest of six siblings, not only did I         my dad about the people from Bolivar, and he sat       amazing people in other small communities.
have big shoes to fill; but I also had several pairs       back and laughed a little bit. Then he told me,
to fill. As a kid growing up, I never really knew          "They were just like family."                          The number one similarity that all of these people
what it was like to be alone or without someone to                                                                had was pride in their school and the loving family
share in the fun or the trouble that we may or may         He told me stories of running around the               atmosphere of their community. High Island has
not have gotten into.                                      Peninsula, playing ball and riding horses or           been a starting point for some pretty amazing
                                                           picking watermelons. Some of his dearest friends       people in the past 70 years. High Island ISD has
Watching my brothers and sisters participate in            were from Port Bolivar, and he talks about these       always strived to promote the children of the
football, basketball, baseball, one-act play and           moments when I fill him in about the latest news       Peninsula to be their best.
band really gave me an understanding of what I             from down the beach.
was supposed to do in school. Our parents made                                                                    Doctors, lawyers, teachers and coaches, military
sure that we understood the importance of our              Soon after I gained all of this knowledge about the    men and women, business owners, preachers
grades and encouraged us to participate in any and         people of Port Bolivar that I never knew I gained a    engineers, Realtors, nurses, housewives,
everything that we wanted, as long as we kept our          new best friend, Rodney Kahla. We became the           managers, ship captains, photographers, bankers,
grades up.                                                 best friends during the baseball season before         auto mechanics, police officers and even a few
                                                           sixth grade. I soon became friends with about 20       beauty queens have walked the halls of High
Pride for High Island was instilled in me by the           to 25 more kids that came from Crystal Beach and       Island.
time I got into the third grade. Some of my                Port Bolivar to attend the sixth grade in High
favorite memories -- excuse me. I'm trying to read         Island. If I remember correctly, there were            High Island ISD and the Bolivar Peninsula have
through this. Three minutes goes fast.                     approximately 42 to 46 kids in that class that year,   had an impact on their lives, and now they're
                                                           which is pretty amazing for that time on the           making an impact in others' lives. What more can
Some of my favorite memories were made in the              Peninsula.                                             anyone ask a school district to do? I've always
Little League baseball field of High Island, Port                                                                 thought of my fellow High Island alumni as
Bolivar and Sabine Pass. Three teams battled it            The sixth grade was a wonderful time in my life. I     family.
out to see which town would bring home the                 met several of you. Some of you, I went to school
championship. I know several of you here tonight           with some of your kids. Some of you taught me.         The memories that I have of school, the
know exactly what I'm talking about.                       And through my junior high and high school             friendships that were created and the families that
                                                           years, I probably stayed in Port Bolivar more than     have had an impact on my life will be with me
I do not remember the exact time when I started            I did in High Island. The people of Bolivar have       forever, which leads me to believe that a small
meeting other kids from Port Bolivar, but I guess I        always treated me like family just as they did my      district with loving people who strive to provide
knew some who were cousins of friends that I had           dad when he was growing up.                            the best education for their children and
already in High Island. As I began to get to know                                                                 community really sound like a family atmosphere
these other kids from down the beach, I realized                                                                  to me.

68                                                                                                                                    Bolivar Blueprint
                                                      Appendix E. Transcript of April 28, 2009 Public Hearing

                                                          Okay. We're going to move on to the next speaker,      The second issue that I think is absolutely really,
Time?                                                     Jeanie Turk.                                           really important. And he said three words. I'd say,
                                                                                                                 location, location, location. The Bolivar Peninsula
MR. JOHN LEE: Been time.                                  JEANIE TURK: Thank you, you-all. I'm Jeanie            actually acts as a protective storm prevention for
                                                          Turk. And I have a second vacation home on the         all the way to the Houston ship canal.
MR. ROGER GEORGE: I'll finish in a minute.                Bolivar Peninsula and have enjoyed having a
(Applause.)                                               business on the Peninsula for the last couple of       We have the Intracoastal. We have enormous
                                                          years and have greatly begun to appreciate all the     economic benefits all over the United States from
MR. JOHN SIMSEN: Thank you, Roger. We                     wonderful people and the spirit and the attitude of    the industry, the fishing, the tourism and the future
appreciate those comments, and hopefully we'll            Bolivar Peninsula.                                     industry that comes from the Bolivar Peninsula.
have time to hear some more.
                                                          My concern for the future of Bolivar is that we        And the "Ike Dike" Proposal I would like to
Just a couple of quick housekeeping things, do try        have a Bolivar Peninsula. My concern is that           strongly support. The small country of Holland,
to keep your comments to about three minutes so           we've had tremendous erosion up and down the           without the resources and without the money, has
that we can move through. And then as Barry               beaches. And one of the proposals has been to          added 50 percent to their country by simply using
mentioned, we'll start over again and let people          close Rollover Pass. The closing of Rollover Pass      good common sense protective measures for their
talk some more.                                           has always been controversial. And there are many      country. I think we can do it.
                                                          many sides to this issue.
If you could, scoot over and let some of the people                                                              And I'd like to strongly support this for
who are standing -- give them an opportunity to           However, I think the very, very important thing        Commissioner Doyle and Judge Yarborough and
sit. I know you're kind of cozy already. But we're        that everyone should remember is that 50 percent       ask them to -- and thank them, thank everyone,
trying to avoid having to shoot over to the other         of the Gilchrist in the Peninsula has eroded and       thank Judge Yarborough and Commissioner Doyle
side because then it will be hard to capture the          homes have been lost. The sand, the cubic footage      for their extraordinary efforts daily and the FEMA
comments.                                                 of sand is enormous. I won't go into that. I'm         support. The guys that are here that are
                                                          going to submit some scientific studies that are       coordinating this effort, they really have done a
While everybody is getting comfortable again, I           done by experts on these matters to the officials      wonderful job. And I think they will continue to
would like you to think about as you're coming up         and get them into your hands.                          do a good job. Thank you very much. (Applause.)
to the podium -- think about some of the things
that are important to you about what Bolivar              But it is a controversial issue again. But we need     MR. JOHN SIMSEN: Thank you, Jeanie.
means to you. What does Bolivar Peninsula mean            to decide whether we truly want to have a
to you, and how would you like to see it come             Peninsula or whether we want to see the continued      Next up is Maureen Little.
back?                                                     problems of erosion. This also affects the future in
                                                          terms of future hurricanes in the Gulf. The sand       MS. MAUREEN LITTLE: My name is Maureen
Maybe you could think about three words. How              bars also are eliminated. When you take the sand       Little. I have lived here in Crystal Beach for 43
would you sum up your reason for being here               off the beaches through the Cut and that ends up in    years. I watched it go from a little-bitty town to
tonight and your love of this Peninsula and where         the Bay, there is a diminishing and a complete         what we had before Ike. My three words on
you'd like it to go in three words, just to kind of       destruction of the sand bars that the waves coming     Crystal Beach and the Bolivar Peninsula is "This
maybe inspire you to think about some of the              into Bolivar are affected by.                          is home." I don't want to live anywhere else.
things to say?                                                                                                   (Applause.)

        Bolivar Blueprint                                                                                                                                         69
                                                         Appendix E. Transcript of April 28, 2009 Public Hearing

I would like to tell you that I, like the other              previous resident of Gilchrist after not owning --     Otherwise, we're going to have nothing.
gentleman, am concerned about the drainage, the              you know, I had two houses there. And I don't          (Applause.)
ditches that are no longer there, that all of us have        own them anymore. But, you know, life goes on.
yards that look like swimming pools. And                     So, we have taken up residence in High Island.         MR. JOHN SIMSEN: Thank you, Julie.
mosquitoes are getting worse and worse.
                                                             And, you know, Rollover Pass is controversial. I       Next up we have George Hughes.
I can't get out there and dig my ditch, and most of          understand that. But, you know, I have two pieces
us can't. And I certainly can't afford to get                of property in Gilchrist; and I have fought to keep    MR. GEORGE HUGHES: My name is George
anybody out there to dig it for me. I was told that          Rollover Pass open. For many years, I support the      Tinker Hughes. I've been a lifelong resident of
somebody was supposed to come through and start              Gilchrist Community Association. I don't want to       Bolivar Peninsula since 1950. I raised a family
cleaning out the ditches, but I guess that's wrong           see it close. (Applause.)                              there. I had a mom-and-pop grocery store, cattle
because I haven't heard another word about it from                                                                  rancher and whatever. That's not why I'm here
anyone.                                                      What I would like to see is somebody to step up        today.
                                                             and help us put out some jetties out the mouth of
I also have a question about the RVs. I understand           the Pass to deter the sand, to help us build a dike    Why I'm here today is to ask you folks to go out
the RV parks. The problem I've got is: Even down             where we have no dunes.                                through the community and discuss and consider a
on my street, we have houses that are no longer                                                                     Peninsula-wide school district. Okay? Please put
there that the people have moved in RVs or                   As we're riding down here today, I'm looking; and      aside your community biases, whether you don't
trailers, more or less; and they're just taking up           I'm looking. And it's, like, oh, it was high tide      like me and Bolivar. And I'm sure there is
residence there. There has been no attempt to                today. I can see the seaweed almost up to the          somebody that don't. But whether I don't like you
rebuild or anything else.                                    highway. You know, the highway has to be               in High Island, that don't make any difference.
                                                             elevated because it's a mandatory evacuation
And I'm just wondering if we're going to become a            route.                                                 What we need to do is to consider what's best for
place that has nothing but trailer parks after this is                                                              our children, our grandchildren, nieces, nephews,
over. Hurricane season starts June the 1st. And if a         And when they elevate the highway, you know,           what have you. As you know, school districts get
storm comes through, I guarantee you, anything               why not take that bridge up and over, make our         their money based on ADA, be it Federal, State or
not even close to Ike, they're going to be gone. So,         Gilchrist something that can be used, make the tax     whatever. We have drastically lost residents. We
I'd like some answers to that question. And I thank          base better because boats could go underneath the      have lost children. I'm not going to do the gloom
you. (Applause.)                                             bridge, go out to the Pass, go out through the Pass,   and doom.
                                                             go out to the Gulf to go fishing.
MR. JOHN SIMSEN: Thank you very much,                                                                               But I hate to see both school districts on the
Maureen.                                                     You know, fishing is a big thing for Rollover Pass.    community suffer when I think together -- and
                                                             Rollover Pass was one of the ten best fishing spots    remember an old quote. And I seen one over here,
Next up we have Julie Schroeder. And while she's             on the Texas coast. And I just really don't want to    "Together we stand; divided we fall." I'm not
coming up, if anybody else would like to make                see that close. I know there is a lot of controversy   saying we fall. I'm just saying we'd be a hell of a
some comments, John Lee is passing out the                   about it. But I support keeping it open. And I just    lot better off together. (Applause.)
comment cards.                                               hope that our local government and State
                                                             government will see that we have to do something       MR. JOHN SIMSEN: Thank you, George.
MS. JULIE SCHROEDER: My name is Julie                        to keep the economic value in our little town.
Schroeder. I'm currently from High Island but a

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                                                       Appendix E. Transcript of April 28, 2009 Public Hearing

Next up is Shawn Hall. Please make an effort to            be able to stay here on the Peninsula, certainly not   back closer to what they used to be. Thank you.
speak into the microphone so the folks on the              in the manner to which they were accustomed.           (Applause.)
other side can hear you as well.
                                                           Pat and I, after the storm, thought long and hard      MR. JOHN SIMSEN: I think we're just going to
MR. SHAWN HALL: My name is Shawn Hall.                     about what we were going to do. My daughter put        turn this one off and see how we do. Hopefully,
I've lived in High Island for 11 years. My wife            up quite a battle to get us to come to Houston,        that will be better.
grew up there. A couple of things, I'm with Mr.            even to the point of adding on to her house so we
Hughes there on the school. If we don't, then both         could live with them, which wouldn't have worked       Next speaker is Laurel Hendricks.
schools are going to go.                                   anyhow.
                                                                                                                  MS. LAUREL HENDRICKS: Well, I kind of feel
Another thing, I work for an organization,                 At any rate, we got to thinking about it. And we       kind of silly right now. I thought we were going to
nonprofit, helping people rebuild their homes. If          couldn't come up with any place in the United          be addressing Judge Yarborough and some of the
anybody down here does need help, we're working            States that we'd rather live. We like it here. We      commissioners. But anyway, I'm Laurel
with the County to rebuild homes. So, if you need          like the pace. From my mind's eye, I think Ike has     Hendricks. I've been a resident down here in
help, if you want to see me, then we'll give you the       done a lot to bring people together.                   Bolivar for ten years. I'm also a self-employed
paperwork.                                                                                                        consultant. So, not only do I have my primary
                                                           And all you had to do was be out at the beach          residence down here; but I also have my principal
UNIDENTIFED SPEAKER: Phone number?                         cleanup to see the number of people that were          place of business.
(Applause.)                                                friends with each other and talking with each other
                                                           and trying to help the Peninsula. So, things are       I'm here to speak again on the issue of the beach
MR. SHAWN HALL: Phone number, you can                      certainly shaping up. I have no idea what it will      erosion and the problems we're having with
reach me at (409) 351-5151 or e-mail                       look like down the road. I am sorry for those          Highway 87. Like the wonderful lady that spoke a (Applause.)                     people that may not be able to come back that          little bit earlier, the issue of closing Rollover Pass
                                                           truly want to.                                         or leaving it open has been an ongoing battle
MR. JOHN SIMSEN: Thank you, Shawn.                                                                                between two factions for, the best I can tell, about
                                                           One other note, I wish the Water Board would           17 years.
Next up, Gary Horn.                                        have had some sort of a forum like this to listen to
                                                           people's comments on what is going on now and          To give you some background, I do have an
MR. GARY HORN: My name is Gary Horn. I live                what the plans are. That really needs to be            undergraduate degree in geology. And I also have
in Cedars Cove. My wife and I have been here for           addressed. It's not a long-range plan so much like     a master's in environmental science from Rice
13 years. We're gratified to see the progress that's       we're talking here. It's not high in the sky. It's     University. But I'm not here to talk about science
been made on cleaning up the Peninsula. We're              things that are happening right now.                   or anything like that. I'm here to talk about safety
gratified to see the number of people that are                                                                    concerns as a resident here on the Peninsula.
rebuilding their houses and how some of the                And, Jennifer, there's got to be some way that you
streets in the communities are beginning to look a         can orchestrate such a meeting.                        I'm also here to talk to you as a property owner. I
little bit like they were down the road.                                                                          have in front of me, which a lot of you have
                                                           But I'm happy to be here. I'm happy to see the         already received, my 2009 property tax bill. For
We're just amazed at the number of people that             progress. If the comments certainly made during        my house, which is uninhabitable right now, I owe
because of the cost of rebuilding probably won't           the beach cleanup are any indication, people are       the County over $2100 for this year. It's property
                                                           willing to get down there and help and get things

        Bolivar Blueprint                                                                                                                                            71
                                                          Appendix E. Transcript of April 28, 2009 Public Hearing

taxes, ladies and gentlemen, that pay the County's            So, let's talk about human time. In my opinion,         there are those of us who are nonresidents. We do
bills.                                                        there are some viable solutions to mitigate the         represent quite a bit of the tax base for this
                                                              ongoing erosion caused by the manmade cut.              community. And we're interested. And I am here
It's time to get real, and it's time to come to a             Also, as a side note, I helped organize one of the      tonight because I felt strong enough to come, and
decision about what we do about Rollover Pass                 hundreds of Tax Day tea parties that were held on       it meant enough to me to come and say what was
and Highway 87. I ask you, who was driving                    April 15th.                                             on my heart.
along Highway 87 last night with me about 1:00
o'clock in the morning and had to dodge high                  Our group in Beaumont had over 2,000 people             I am on the Erosion Committee for Rebuild
water and swells coming over the road from the                show up to voice their frustration and anger about      Bolivar, which Ally McNeil chairs; and I support
storms that moved through the area last night?                how our elected representatives are spending our        all of its goals and its ambitions.
                                                              money and not listening to us. It's time today. I ask
Who in this room watched the waves roll over                  you -- and I feel kind of silly because they're not     Over the years, there have been umpteen
what's left of Rollover Pass and wondered if the              here. But I'm still going to ask them today to listen   hundreds, maybe not umpteen hundred, but many
water had come up over the bridge yet again?                  to me as one of these frustrated taxpaying,             studies made about what to do with Bolivar. Many
Who in this room almost ran their car into a ditch            hardworking citizens who lives and works on             of them have been shelved over the years either
trying to turn into their subdivision because you             Bolivar Peninsula. I'm asking you to do the right       for the lack of funds or for the lack of agreement
couldn't see the road because of the high water               thing with my hard-earned money to do the one           or political purposes, whatever they are.
standing? And who in this room either lived to tell           thing that makes the sense for us in the near term
the tale of surviving the wrath of Ike once they'd            and down the road as we develop a long-term             But there are good studies that have been done. In
been cut off from the evacuation due to high water            strategy to address and maintain Highway 87 and         2002, one by Pacific Engineering, which was done
and the swells at Rollover Pass and had no choice             that, in my opinion, is to close the Pass.              by the Texas -- for the Texas General Land Office.
but to ride out the storm or know someone who                 (Applause.)                                             Dr. Watson has done some studies, and there have
died during it?                                                                                                       been people from University of Georgia. I've read
                                                              MR. JOHN SIMSEN: Thank you. The next                    most of them. And all of them are supposedly
I'm also a member of the Restore Bolivar Beach                gentleman is -- and I apologize if I don't              scientific in nature.
Erosion Committee. And as a member, I have seen               pronounce this right -- Bill Neild.
numerous reports. I also have a copy of the most                                                                      But sometimes I say, like the lady said earlier
recent report I believe that the committee pulled             MR. BILL NEILD: You did good.                           about the jetties, you know, it makes it simple that
together that summarized some of the findings that                                                                    it would work; but the studies don't agree. My
have been presented in -- we've got at least 17               Good evening. My name is Bill Neild; and I'm            theory is that at least somebody ought to spend
written reports that have been submitted and                  from Beaumont, Texas. I spent -- I'm 73 now. And        some of this big money on doing a test project to
discussed and debated over the years.                         I've been at the beach since 1946. My dad used to       see if it will work because we really don't know.
                                                              bring us down here, and we'd spend the summers          (Applause.)
I ask the commissioners. I ask the individuals of             at the beach. And so, I can remember most -- a lot
this community. It's time to come to a decision and           of you that live here now, I've been here almost        A lady mentioned about the tax problems that
make a decision one way or the other of what to               equivalent as a resident if you divide that by half.    we're currently having. I share her experience in
do about the Pass. Being a geologist, I realize that                                                                  that I lost my home; and I have a piece of property
in geologic time, this strip of land is not a gift. So,       And I understand the frustrations of the residents.     down there at Gilchrist just about three blocks
in reality, Mother Nature is going to win.                    And you're here by choice for economic reasons,         from the Cut, which is gouged out. And yet the
                                                              and you live with the day-to-day problems. Then         Tax Appraisal Board has decided not to change

72                                                                                                                                        Bolivar Blueprint
                                                        Appendix E. Transcript of April 28, 2009 Public Hearing

my evaluation. These things don't make sense to             only speak for myself and give you some                    But I do believe in education. I happened to grow
me.                                                         comments.                                                  up very poor in Arkansas. And if it hadn't been for
                                                                                                                       education, I'd still be barefoot and pregnant. So,
Several of the things, I probably will rebuild even         First of all, we've already had a committee                I'm just saying that I do believe in the children's
at my age at some point in time when I have some            meeting. And I feel that if you're interested in the       education.
feel that the corrections are going to be made that         best education for your children if you're talking
are worth the risk. And that will either have to be         about GISD versus High Island, I would have to             And if it's up to me, we will work as hard as we
some sort of a Geotube again or -- my house                 say "GISD" only because we're bigger. We have              can to copartner with High Island and to help them
would have never been there had it not been for it.         tremendous courses. We have very innovative                get some of our courses and have access to some
But even in Ike, it did not make it.                        extensive courses.                                         our innovative courses. We have computers. We're
                                                                                                                       doing all kinds of things. We've all been hit hard.
There has to be a life-safety issue addressed from          As a matter of fact, well, our homecoming queen            But as I said, I will do what I can do. Thank you.
returning Highway 87 where it's passable during             this year at Ball High was Nancy Macon's                   (Applause.)
either surges or storms or just plain old high tides.       daughter. So, we're very proud of that. She is in
And until you can provide the safety for people             the pharmacy school. We have a pharmacy school             MR. JOHN SIMSEN: Thank you very much,
who are going to either live here or come here on           over there. So, we have a lot of programs.                 Sandra.
a regular basis, they're just not going to do it.
                                                            Now, I would like -- what I'd like to do is -- I can       Next up we have Pete, and I'm not going to try to
That's really most of the things I wanted to say.           say for myself, I'd like to partner with High Island.      read the last name on Anderson Avenue.
I'm going to provided you with a copy of the stuff          They have a need to educate their three-year olds
that I brought here tonight. And I hope that this           and four-year olds. And we have the ability to do          MR. PETE ALAROCHA: Hi, my name is P. A.
community can come to a general agreement on                that. I, again, think that we should work together.        Alarocha. I live on 2013 on Port Bolivar and
what needs to be done and do it rather than                 I'm all for that. I realize that there is -- it would be   Anderson. First of all, I wish we could get a
continue to disagree all of the time. Thank you.            nice to have the high school and the school here in        seawall built across Bolivar Peninsula. The one
(Applause.)                                                 one place.                                                 way we could stop this is to get one built. We've
                                                                                                                       got until June 1st. But we can work around the
MR. JOHN SIMSEN: Thank you. Thank you for                   I don't see how that could happen because, if you          season. (Applause.) Also, we need to get these
your comments.                                              remember, we floated a 60-million-dollar bond              schools and keep them open. We can do it. I'm
                                                            issue in 2003. To build the school was part of it.         going to try and start a fundraiser if I have to.
Does anybody here need to get up and talk                   And it wasn't just the people here on the Peninsula
because they're getting ready to go to the banquet,         that voted for that. There are a number of people          The second thing, I live over there in Port Bolivar.
the Chamber banquet? Anybody who's interested               in Galveston that voted for that bond issue because        I don't want my house removed from some thing.
in speaking who wants to come up now? I will                they knew we had the need for the school.                  It just -- I would like the Galveston County to
take you out of order.                                                                                                 please not do this because my grandpa is officially
                                                            I don't see how we can go back. And they put the           moving in June because of this situation. It deals
MS. SANDRA SIMMONS: I'm Sandra Simmons.                     faith in us and voted it in so we could do this. I         with some kind of things out of the state.
I am a Galveston Independent School District                don't see how we could go back on that. If you
trustee. I represent this Peninsula, which my               ever needed to borrow money again, you wouldn't            We also need our signals turned on in Crystal
district is 17. Tonight I'm not speaking for the            be able to.                                                Beach. You know, they're flashing. (Applause.)
Board because I cannot speak for the Board. I can                                                                      We also need a stop light over here on 108 and 87.

        Bolivar Blueprint                                                                                                                                               73
                                                         Appendix E. Transcript of April 28, 2009 Public Hearing

You still make it to the ferry. We need a stop               MS. CAROLE HAMADEY: I just want to start               town about the size of High Island. We had a very
signal. We also need a right lane to turn into Port          out by saying, the comradery in this little            strong mayor. We had a very strong City Council.
Bolivar because the line gets too long. (Applause.)          Peninsula is incredible. I've never gotten to know
I wish the Commissioner would do something                   my neighbors as well now. Over the last nine           As a result of that, we had a local advocate. An
about that. It would be nice.                                years, I didn't even know half of them.                advocate that lived right there in the community.
                                                                                                                    We could go by his office. We could go by his
We also need the roads -- the bridges repaired on            The spirit is incredible. We're never going to give    house and share our concerns. To me, ideally it
Anderson like you're going to Fort Travis. That              up. We've got a vision that is going to be more        would be great if we had something that was
needs to be done, and the one on French Town                 beautiful than ever. Nothing is going to hold us       equivalent to a mayor for High Island, Gilchrist,
Road. That's for the emergency purposes for the              back. We just need to get rid of some of these         Crystal Beach and Port Bolivar. (Applause).
ambulance. I am for the schools. Like I said, we             houses that are falling down right in front of us
need to keep the seawalls -- let's get a seawall built       and come get debris from our yard every other          That way each of our different communities could
for this Bolivar. I've been here since my                    day. (Inaudible).                                      share their concerns with their local
childhood. Thank you. (Applause.)                                                                                   representative; and then they, in turn, could share
                                                             But it's wonderful to live here, and I want to thank   concerns with each other and meet with our
MR. JOHN SIMSEN: Thank you very much for                     everybody for their hope and encouragement. And        County Commissioner.
your comments, Mark.                                         as a small business owner, we will make it better
                                                             than ever. (Applause.)                                 Again, I don't know how we can go about doing
Carole -- is it Hamadey, Out By The Sea?                                                                            that without forming, you know, incorporated
                                                             MR. JOHN SIMSEN: Thank you very much for               cities. Maybe our County Commissioner can come
MS. CAROLE HAMADEY: I'm going to be                          your comments, Carole.                                 up with some idea where we can have elected
leaving. Can I just say something real quick? I just                                                                local representation so all of us -- because all of us
want to say the comradery here in this place is              Do we have any other comment cards out there or        have legitimate concerns. We just don't always
amazing. And I've been here since Hurricane Ike.             any other speakers, people interested in speaking?     know, you know, who to share those concerns
I've never seen anybody pull together. I know my             Okay. I've got Marty. I meant if there were any        with. And to me, that just seems like that would be
neighbors better than I've ever known before. And            additional out there that we need to pick up. Marty    an ideal situation. Thank you. (Applause.)
the vision we all have is incredible. I don't think          is officially last but not least. So, if y'all would
anything can get us down.                                    like to make some comments, just let us know.          MR. JOHN SIMSEN: Thank you. We do have
                                                                                                                    another card that I glazed over. My apologies.
I just want to ask somebody, when are we ever                MR. MARTY BODDIE: Well, as all of you know,            Mark Trimble.
going to get rid of those houses that are falling            we have our Federal Government. We have State
down? I keep hearing all these stories. I'm not sure         Government. We have County Government. And I           MR. MARK TRIMBLE: Hi, I'm Mark Trimble.
I know the correct answer. Anybody know?                     know they're all doing the best job they possibly      I'm a Bolivar resident. And my three words are
                                                             can.                                                   "Bolivar city limits." Shortly after Ike hit I found
UNIDENTIFIED SPEAKER: We can't hear you.                                                                            myself in Chambers County trying to get home.
                                                             But it seems like there is something we lack on the    And I found myself engaged with a mob in front
MR. JOHN LEE: Let me do my Phil Donahue                      entire Bolivar Peninsula, and that is local            of a grocery store across from the sheriff of
routine here.                                                representation. (Applause.) I'm not saying we          Chambers County.
                                                             necessarily need to have incorporated cities.
                                                             However, I've lived in a small community, a small

74                                                                                                                                       Bolivar Blueprint
                                                        Appendix E. Transcript of April 28, 2009 Public Hearing

We couldn't call our City Government to come                MR. DANNY LOVETTE: I first came to the                But the bottom line I think is what Mr. Hughes
home because we don't have one. We couldn't get             Bolivar Peninsula in 1992. I was fortunate enough     said, you know, nothing -- you're talking about
back here. We had people trapped in High Island.            to be a teacher here, a coach and superintendent of   coming back united as a Peninsula. Nothing unites
We couldn't get them medicine. We couldn't get              the schools for a short time. I was also a member     an area more than a single common school.
them food. We couldn't call our chief of police             of the Gilchrist Community Association. Where         (Applause).
because we don't have one.                                  did you go, Julie? And I served on the Bolivar
                                                            Peninsula Chamber of Commerce. And it's one of        And I understand GISD's issues, and they are
Shortly thereafter I went to work with windstorm            the neatest places I've ever been.                    valid. High Island's issues are just as valid. But
engineers that showed up down here with 8-foot                                                                    probably the issue you're concerned tonight is
ladders trying to measure and photograph roofs.             I want to speak as Tinker did about the school real   about this Peninsula, from Bolivar to the hill, and
We've got 16-foot elevation. So, I was down here            briefly. You know, from someone who came from         a united school district where you've got this
measuring roofs and taking photographs for two              outside, the school to me was never about a city or   community and these communities more than any
months.                                                     a town. It wasn't a Gilchrist thing, a High Island    other single thing.
                                                            thing, a Bolivar or Crystal Beach thing. It was
But these guys let me look into the past. Both of           about kids.                                           I think Tinker said the most profound thing all
these gentlemen -- one of them was from East St.                                                                  night. It is united we will stand or divided you
Louis, Mississippi; and the other one was from              It didn't matter if their name was Bode or Kahla or   may fall. (Applause.)
Gulfport, Mississippi. They were destroyed by               Bloom or George or Lejer or Kent or Marrow. It
Katrina, very similar to Bolivar Peninsula. And             was just kids. And we took them up and down the       MR. JOHN SIMSEN: Thank you for your
this grant that we're getting ready to receive, they        Peninsula in those buses and those vans. And the      comments.
have already received and in some cases                     kids is was what it was all about. It was a good
squandered because they were unincorporated.                thing just as Roger said.                             Next up we have Amanda Reynolds.

And that money didn't go where it should have               School finance today, I still work in school          MS. AMANDA REYNOLDS: My name is
went, and it didn't get divided properly. Like Mark         business. I work with High Island ISD. School         Amanda Reynolds. And I'm a member of the
Twain said, he says, you know what, he said,                finance today is totally a numbers game under the     Gilchrist Community Association, but I am not
"History may not repeat itself, but it sure does            current finance system. Nothing matters. Your         speaking tonight on behalf of them. I just want to
rhyme well." So, we don't want to forget that. So,          property taxes, believe it or not, does not fund      clear up some things about common
we might want to look at a few of these things.             your schools anymore. It's on a hold-harmless         misconceptions that people that are opposed to
                                                            system based on the number of kids enrolled. The      keeping Rollover Pass open.
And I don't know how you go about starting a city,          only way a school stays viable is through the
but we need one. And the only one that I know of            number of kids in school.                             I am personally in favor of keeping the Pass open.
that's been started within the last century is on I-                                                              A lot of our opposition believes that we just
45, Dimitri's. It starts with a stop sign. Thank you.       Technology has rendered many of the issues that       believe in a free fishing hole and we don't care
(Applause.)                                                 Ms. Simmons speaks about regarding curriculum a       about everybody else's land. And that is further
                                                            little bit moot. She's still correct. Galveston can   from the truth.
MR. JOHN SIMSEN: Next we have Danny                         offer things at high school level that a smaller
Lovette.                                                    school cannot. That's certainly true.                 We all have land out here. I lost my house. My
                                                                                                                  grandparents lost their house. I have two aunts that
                                                                                                                  lost homes. So, we're definitely concerned about

        Bolivar Blueprint                                                                                                                                            75
                                                        Appendix E. Transcript of April 28, 2009 Public Hearing

Bolivar Peninsula as a whole. But something we              too close? Can you still hear me? Can you hear me
also need to look at is the economic development            now?                                                   What about us? Thank, God, I'm in good health.
that the Pass brings not just to Gilchrist but to the                                                              But I know there are other people here who need
whole community. (Applause.)                                I, with the Lord God Almighty's help, found            medical care. And that's my big concern. The
                                                            property that this building sits on. I have always     other concern would be for the Pope. I'm worried
It affects Bolivar. It affects Crystal Beach,               been and will always be in favor of one united         about our Catholic Church. But that's another
Gilchrist, High Island. Even people in Winnie that          school district, whether it's called "Brand New        thing. (Applause.)
we have talked to say that their businesses are             School District" and we eliminate all of the names.
affected by the tourism that Rollover Pass brings           But that is the only way that our Peninsula will be    MR. JOHN SIMSEN: Come on down, sir.
here. There is 33 businesses that were located              united as one. Thank you. (Applause.)
within the Gilchrist/Caplan area from big shops                                                                    MR. DEWEY JONES: My name is Dewey Jones.
like the bait shop to small personal-owned                  MR. JOHN SIMSEN: Well, we are out of cards;            I've been on Bolivar Peninsula for 45 years. My
businesses.                                                 but I know we're not out of opinions. Anybody          main house was blown away, but I had a rent
                                                            else willing to come on up to the podium here?         house. And I'm able to get back into it. I have one
So, we have people from, not only our state, but            What's your name?                                      comment that I haven't heard.
this country and even as far as Canada that know
about Rollover Pass that bring their economy and            Mary Luna, come on down.                               I wanted to put a light on my old property where I
their money to spend at our business that help us                                                                  have some things that I was able to rescue. But the
support ourselves.                                          MS. MARY LUNA: I've only lived here about 12           inspection department in Galveston will not let
                                                            years as a retiree from Texas City. I'm a school       you put a light pole on your property unless you
So, I just wanted to let you know we are for                nurse with a BS and a master's degree and a            have an RV and you have a permit for six months.
Bolivar Peninsula. We're not just about Gilchrist.          teaching certificate. But I only tell you that
We are for the whole Peninsula. And we are most             because one of the issues that has not been            I don't have a RV. But I would like to have a light
interested in something that would help mitigate            addressed here tonight is medical care.                so I can see my property. (Applause.) Because the
the erosion problem. As we know, it's not going to                                                                 house that I'm in, I can see the property; but
stop erosion, even if we close it, because we live          We have a lot of elderly people here on the            without a light, I can't see my stuff, my boat. And
on the coast.                                               Peninsula, across the whole Peninsula; and we          I've tried, but they will not let you have a light.
                                                            have a lot of young people, too, with their children   And that's all I'd like to have is a light. (Applause.)
So, we're all about dikes or jetties or something           and concerns for education. But the day that -- and
else that would help us slow down that erosion              more concern now because UTMB has closed               MS. TRISH WHITE: My name is Trish White.
that would allow us to keep our economy going               their emergency room.                                  Some of you might know me; some of you might
while keeping Bolivar Peninsula going.                                                                             not. I formerly had a business down in Gilchrist. I
(Applause.)                                                 And I've seen the helicopter come down on 87 and       haven't lived here -- I've come here since I was a
                                                            pick up a heart patient who had a heart attack right   child. I've only lived here about the last five years.
MR. JOHN SIMSEN: Wow, we really have some                   in the middle of 87. So, I don't know -- I'm not
good speakers tonight. Casey Ochoa.                         informed if there is a medical committee to look       And I just kind of want to share something with all
                                                            at, you know, the possibility of access to             of you. When I first started moving here, I had my
MS. CASEY OCHOA: Hi, I'm Casey Ochoa; and                   healthcare. You have to go to Beaumont or              business in Silsbee. So, I was living in Lumberton
I just wanted to say that I have always been -- am I        Winnie, even for veterinarian care for your dogs       but coming here during the week. And I would
                                                            and your pets; or you have to go to Galveston.         stop in Gilchrist every once in a while and talk to,

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                                                        Appendix E. Transcript of April 28, 2009 Public Hearing

you know, the regular people, the locals, I'd guess         that they don't -- you know, don't know what to do        MS. SUZY CHAPMAN: Hi, my name is Suzy
you could call them.                                        or how to come back or what to do on this                 Chapman. I had DeCoux's Restaurant. I'm sure
                                                            Peninsula because we got people wanting to close          y'all have seen the sign. (Applause.) And we had
And it was kind of funny because I would always             the Cut. Well, that's going to put us business            Hamilton Real Estate, and my family has had
have them tell me about the Port Bolivar people             owners out of work and out of business.                   property here since the '60s, right after Carla.
and about the Crystal Beach people. Okay. Well, I
lived in Crystal Beach at the time. A lot of them           It's bad enough Ike came along and took, you              One of my immediate concerns right now is the
didn't know it. And when I would come down to               know, everything else from us. Why do we have             vandalism that's going on and the police response
Crystal Beach and kind of hang out with Crystal             people that want to take away the one thing that I        and the officers only have one officer in the car.
Beach, you know, with the locals down there, then           think the Bolivar Peninsula has going for it? And         And I know they're doing as good a job. But when
I would hear about the Gilchrist kind of people.            that is Rollover. I don't know if y'all read the          we come down to work on our house, we don't
You know?                                                   newspapers or not. But Jerry Patterson, wherever          want to have to clean up after the vandalism that's
                                                            he might be, he's proposing -- he wants, what is it,      occurred. And maybe we need to get some
And I've been coming here since I was a kid, and I          52-something-million to renourish and rebuild our         neighborhood numbers, networks going, find out
knew this was the place that I wanted to live. And          dunes and then another six million to close the           who is supposed to be at houses and things like
it really kind of blew me away that all of the              Pass.                                                     that.
people that I've met have opened up their hearts to
me. Some of them have literally taken their shirts          Add that up, People. My God, they could build us          Another thing I've come across is that really
off of their back and given it to me.                       another Peninsula for that. If they can't spend that      nobody knows how devastated of a community we
                                                            money on dunes and seawalls, then, you know, I            are. And I think we've come a long way. But I've
And then we have people that live here on the               think they're just going to be taking up all of this      talked to mortgage companies, inspectors,
Bolivar Peninsula but don't want to come together           grant money for other sources.                            appraisers, adjusters from all over the country; and
as a community. You know, I'm for keeping the                                                                         when they see the sand in the yard, they think
Pass open. I had a business there. I met so many            And that's all I have to say is I just really wish that   that's how it's supposed to be because we're the
people, as this young lady was saying, from                 a lot of you guys that have negative feelings about       beach. They don't realize that we had grass. We
Canada, Alaska. I met people as far as England              Rollover would really, really, really consider it         had lawn mowing companies.
that would come here three times a year just to             again because, you know what, God is going to
fish, just to fish.                                         take this whole place one day. You know, so, why          And when we get phone calls from people that are
                                                            we're living here now, why can't we come together         renting, they think we're back to normal. And you
Y'all take away the only fishing spot that this             and just enjoy it and think of one of the reasons         have to explain to these people that we don't have
Bolivar has, what are y'all going to have people            why we're here? Thank you. (Applause.)                    beach accesses. Maybe we need to have some road
coming here for? What? A bunch of bars? Because                                                                       signs to show the communities or the travelers or
that's all we have here right now is just bars and          MR. JOHN SIMSEN: Who's next? While she's                  the Lucy Lous how to get to the beach without
restaurants. That's it. We don't have the bait shops.       coming up, I do encourage you, if you're not              having to drive on private property on lots that
We don't have the other little gift shops and all of        interested in speaking publicly, to please look at        have been restored. And that's it. (Applause.)
the other stuff that we used to have here on our            the boards and think about some things that are
Peninsula.                                                  important to you and leave us a comment card, a           MR. JOHN SIMSEN: Anybody else that would
                                                            suggestion card.                                          like to make some comments? I'm going to let Mr.
And, you know, there is a lot of residents and                                                                        George finish from High Island unless we have
business owners down in Gilchrist that have fear                                                                      any other speakers.

        Bolivar Blueprint                                                                                                                                             77
                                                       Appendix E. Transcript of April 28, 2009 Public Hearing

                                                                                                                  second one is revenue from property taxes. And
MR. HOKANSON: Before the next speaker, I'd                 But we need our County officials to help us get        the third one is future development. Okay. It says,
like to make a quick announcement. On the table            their attention and get these problems solved          "What are Bolivar's top three unmet needs?"
outside the door since you came in, we've added            because they're not going away. They were here         Information and representation. (Applause.)
some mitigation brochures about construction and           before Ike, and they're still here. They're worse.
placement of homes and things of that kind of              As far as the ferry goes, we've spent millions of      It says here, "In your opinion what should be the
information for you.                                       dollars putting in a new landing; and we run less      primary goal of Bolivar Disaster Recovery?" And
                                                           ferries now than what we did before. (Applause.)       I've got it here, "Bringing back infrastructure to
So, please feel free as you leave to grab some                                                                    support future growth and recovery." And that's
information about mitigation provided by the               But I just don't see -- I mean, I've talked to         what -- we're all interested in that. Because
FEMA staff; and a couple of members of that                different people in the fishing industry and stuff.    without that, without the infrastructure, we don't
group will be here as well. Thanks.                        We have a lot of great access to the water. We         have anything.
                                                           have a lot of natural resources. However, it's not
MS. LINDA DOLFI: Hi, I'm Linda Dolfi. I'm a                economically feasible for them to come here            And down here at the bottom it says, "What are
business owner in Port Bolivar. I really don't feel        because of the transportation.                         your concerns related to the disaster recovery?"
prepared to speak today. I had a pretty rough day                                                                 And right here I wrote, "The road from High
with engineers tearing down the front porch of my          Now, I know that everybody probably is prepared        Island to the ferry, repairing the Geotube, how
house and told me they couldn't rebuild it after it        that I couldn't go without making a comment            long is outside assistance going to be available."
was taken down because the beams didn't line up            about the school districts. And I can see where
the way they were supposed to or something. But            there is a huge desire to be united. But as a mother   The good thing about these meetings is that -- I've
I'm sure everybody else here is kind of going              of two children, who are completely different, you     lived here for 67 years. And my mother and father
through the same thing. Every time you think               have to also remember that one size doesn't fit all.   came here in 1929. When they came out here,
you're moving forward, you've got to take a couple                                                                there wasn't any electricity or anything, you know.
of steps back.                                             And it's kind of unique and great that we have an      And they stayed here. They lived in Gilchrist.
                                                           opportunity that if our children need a small quaint   That's where -- our blood. And, you know, my
Commissioner Doyle left. But maybe there is                school, they have that. If they need a 5A school       brother served as constable here forever.
somebody here that can express this to them. But           with pharmaceuticals, engineering and different
in my opinion and from what I've talked to a lot of        opportunities, they have that, too. (Applause) So,     And all I can say is that the people over here, we
people about is the number one thing that keeps            it's not all with what we we have. Thanks.             need to make the people responsible. We have
this Peninsula for growing and from businesses             (Applause.)                                            people that are responsible. We have a County
coming in and people to be able to rebuild is                                                                     commissioner. We have County judges. We have
access.                                                    MR. JOHN SIMSEN: We have another speaker               a law enforcement agency. All of these people are
                                                           making his way up to the microphone now.               responsible to us. And they need to start doing
I have a business, and I cannot get maintenance                                                                   their job better. (Applause.) And that's all I have to
people to come. I cannot get supplies to my                MR. BOOTS FAGGARD: I'm not a public                    say, basically.
business because no one wants to wait in a two-            speaker or anything. And I've been sitting here
hour ferry wait. Highway 87, you don't know if it's        listening to all of this stuff all night. And they     But what I would like to add is that anytime you
going to be revived or if you're going to get stuck        gave me this public comment form. And it says on       can get everybody from Bolivar to High Island in
here because it's flooded. These are issues that are       here, "What are Bolivar's top three strengths?"        a room together and not have a big argument
State issues. It's a State highway.                        And the first one is revenue from tourists. And the

78                                                                                                                                     Bolivar Blueprint
                                                          Appendix E. Transcript of April 28, 2009 Public Hearing

about something, it's a pretty damn good thing.               over here, we will take it in and spread it out. Is     MR. JOHN SIMSEN: Sid is a member of the
(Applause.)                                                   Winnie still here? She was upset we didn't have         Steering Committee that's helping to put all of this
                                                              some of the environmental issues.                       together. And here is another member.
I think there is a future in this Peninsula. And we
don't need to be discouraged about outside                    We worked real hard in a committee to get the           MR. CLAUD KAHLA: My name is Claud Kahla.
information about outside agencies or anything.               environmental issues brought up. There are              I've lived on the Peninsula for 80 years at High
We're all grateful that they're here helping us               several issues out there that we haven't brought up     Island. I've been here for every storm since I was
doing the cleanup and all of this. These people are           tonight. And y'all know what they are in the back       born. I ran the True Value Hardware Store for 53
necessary. We've gotten aid, and we've gotten help            of your mind. The point of all of this system is to     years. I just want to add a couple of things. My
from a lot of people that we didn't know and had              make Bolivar better to work together. I think that's    committee has made a good report here on the
never seen before, people from out of state, from             kind of what I hear as a unified theme, is to work      committee for the Pass.
all over the United States.                                   together.
                                                                                                                      But I just want to make a few additions to what
They've been here helping us. And I commend                   I think FEMA is here. The County is here. Jeff          they've said. A misconception is that -- the Cut
these people. And I'm just -- these meetings --               Sjostrum is over here. We've got people that have       down here has been maintained and supported by
these meetings are very important. And what's                 come together to help us put together a package to      the Gilchrist Community Association for many
important about it -- the good thing about all of             help put our Peninsula back together. Please, if        years. Some of the people think that the County
this is that there is enough comradery in this room           you have a comment, if you have an opinion, put it      and the State furnish all of the Porta-Potties and
with all of these people from the Peninsula. We're            on the board. That's the only way we can address        the waste disposal, the cleanup and everything
all glad to see each other. We're glad to see each            it and work with it.                                    down there.
other back. We're glad to see each other doing
something. And that's the future of our Peninsula.            I thank everybody for coming from our end. I            But it's all been furnished by the Gilchrist
And I hope the politicians and the other people               really feel like this Peninsula needs an economic       Community Association, which consists of about
don't forget that. Thank you. (Applause.)                     generator. We have tourism, fishing. But I would        300 members, all here in this area or interested in
                                                              love to see us come up with a plan to have a self-      our community. This Cut is so unique in that
MR. JOHN SIMSEN: Good comments. Next up,                      contained economic generator, whether it's              you've got crippled people can drive up there
Sid Bouse.                                                    something to do with the port system. I don't           without a 20,000-dollar boat, get out and fish,
                                                              know.                                                   bring their children that might not otherwise have
MR. SID BOUSE: Howdy, everyone.                                                                                       a chance to catch a big fish.
                                                              We have an asset along the Intracoastal canal that
Can you hear me back there, Harold Gene?                      I feel like we as a community are not utilizing that    All of these things -- and never charge a cent, can't
                                                              I think we need to look at and try to figure out as a   charge anything to help maintain it or anything.
All right. First off, if you can't hear me, I'll yell a       community how can we draw in something that             It's all free. It doesn't cost the City or the County.
little louder. I think we've talked about                     will employ our people, bring families in, get the      It doesn't cost the State a dime. They've got a free
representation. I want to make sure everybody                 schools put back together. That's where I feel like     ride for the best recreational area in Galveston
understands one thing that John was talking about.            we need to be concentrating because the basis is to     County. I am definitely against closing it.
                                                              get employment here where people want to live
You may not all be public speakers. But this                  and get a way for them to make a living. Thank          Another misconception about Rollover Pass is that
forum that we have set up is set so you can give              you. (Applause.)                                        if we close Rollover Pass, we're going to stop the
your opinion. If you'll put your written comment                                                                      erosion. Folks, I've got news for you. I've lived

        Bolivar Blueprint                                                                                                                                               79
                                                         Appendix E. Transcript of April 28, 2009 Public Hearing

here for 80 years. At High Island, back in the '40s          in these rivers are stopping all of the nourishment     State your name for the record.
and the '50s, John Meacom had a big beach house              that we've been getting for 100, 200, 300 years.
down there with a big landing field, a quarter of a                                                                  MS. JONI HARDING: My name is Joni Harding.
mile down from the beach. You could land a big               So, I can see where everybody is excited about          I've been here 20 years. I talked to John last
DC6 airplane on it.                                          wanting to close the Cut to stop erosion. It's not      Saturday. And I told him, if he would send
                                                             going to stop erosion unless we make some               somebody over here to go with me and do a
My dad had a cafe down there that was probably               corrective action. We could go out there -- if          survey at the job sites, the grocery store, the
400 feet out from the beach now, would have                  they'd spend half the money that they do out here       restaurants, there is a lot of people that would
been. That was back in 1943. That beach has been             on dredging every year and put about three rock         actually be here living and these schools would
eroding. You're not going to stop the beach from             groins out there, they'd cut the -- it's not going to   have more kids in them if they had some housing.
eroding by closing the Cut. True enough, the Cut             cut the erosion. But it would cut the infiltration of
does let sand infiltrate into the Bay.                       sand into our Bay.                                      And I can go to job sites, guys that have worked
                                                                                                                     with us in lawn service that are now working for
But if we had some engineers that had sense                  And we've been getting a lot of that because there      construction companies. My son, his wife, they
enough to go out there and build some jetties                has been nothing to stop the sand from going in         drive from Galveston. They were driving from
across the front of it to where it would divert --           there. But there's not that much erosion. You could     Lumberton every day. But I talk to people every
this way and divert the sand and the current.                look down in the Gilchrist area. The erosion there      day. They come from Lumberton, Baytown. They
You've got a predominate southeast wind that's               is just as bad as it is down on this way. There is      are scattered everywhere. And they want to be
going to always be coming in on this beach cutting           not a bit of difference. You're going to have           back here. That's where their heart is.
the sand away.                                               erosion. But hopefully, we can get some corrective
                                                             measurements along our coastline with some              Some of them only get paid only $10 an hour. And
You put about three big rock groin, face them                groins or some jetties or something. That's where       look at the money they're spending on gas just to
right out there. The water would hit the groin, go           the problem is.                                         put the effort because they think eventually we're
out, eddy behind it; and you'd have sand behind it,                                                                  going to get some housing. And if he will have
all the way from there to the other end of that              But I hope the people keep coming back; and the         somebody come over here, I will drive them
north jetty. If you put some more back this way, it          Gilchrist community will rebuild, renourish itself.     around to the job sites, like I said, the restaurants,
would do the same thing.                                     And we'll have some more businesses come in.            to get a real number. And these are people that
                                                             And, of course, we need to support Crystal Beach        have kids, too. And they will be back here and fill
When I was a kid, which has been several years               and Port Bolivar and all of our Bolivar Peninsula,      up the schools. That's all. (Applause.)
ago, we used to have a lot of oil field work. And            which we're trying to do right now. Thank you.
all of the roads had to be graveled and sanded, and          (Applause.)                                             MR. JOHN SIMSEN: We've got plenty of time
we would go out on the beach on a Monday and                                                                         left. Would anybody else like to make some
load these dump trucks full of gravel and sand. I            MR. JOHN SIMSEN: Roger, do you want to come             comments? And again, I encourage you, if you've
mean, gravel, nice gravel. Haul it, dump it on the           up and finish yours?                                    got a few minutes to wander the maps. Look at
roads. A week later you'd come back to the same                                                                      some of the data that's been posted up there. You'd
spot and do the same thing again.                            MR. ROGER GEORGE: No, that's all right.                 be amazed at the level of detail that the folks from
                                                                                                                     FEMA have brought to the table to help us do a
We're not getting that nourishment anymore off of            MR. JOHN SIMSEN: Anybody else? We can start             better job of figuring out where to go from here
the rivers. The Mississippi is not depositing a filler       again, Round 2.                                         with some of these projects. So, please fill out
on our beach line. All of the dams and everything

80                                                                                                                                        Bolivar Blueprint
                                                        Appendix E. Transcript of April 28, 2009 Public Hearing

some of those comment cards and take a look at              He's a major player in all of this. But basically      And I can just give you that? This was put
the boards.                                                 that's all of my -- and everybody else pretty much     together for me by the president of CrowderGulf.
                                                            hit on what our Peninsula needs to do as far as the    This guy is Frank Ramsay, president of
Who else would like to make a few comments                  community and all of that stuff.                       CrowderGulf. He's a contractor. And he's from
while you're here? Anybody else? Everybody is all                                                                  Mobile, Alabama; and he knows about drains.
talked out; everybody is all listened out?                  MR. JOHN SIMSEN: Thank you.
                                                                                                                   (Proceedings concluded at 8:00 p.m.) 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
(Applause.)                                                 MR. HOKANSON: I have just one quick                    0 1 2 3 4 5 THE STATE OF TEXAS ) COUNTY
                                                            announcement. One quick announcement is that           OF GALVESTON ) I, Meschel Hara, Court
MR. PETE ALAROCHA: If everybody would just                  there will be another public meeting like this in      Reporter in and for the State of Texas, do hereby
listen for a minute. For the future evacuation              about two weeks. And you'll see the                    certify that the above and foregoing contains a true
plans, if, like, some people ain't got any vehicles         announcements in the paper. And there will be an       and correct transcription of all portions of the
that -- I wish the County has buses for people that         opportunity to look at the feedback that your work     proceedings requested in writing by the parties to
can't drive to bring them to Austin for future plans.       and the committee has put together on the basis of     be included in this volume of Reporter's Record,
                                                            the concerns you've expressed. Thank you.              all of which occurred in open court or in chambers
What happened to the Gulf Coast market, we had              (Applause.) And please do add your comments to         and were reported by me. I further certify that this
them try to evacuate. They were supposed to leave           the board. Thank you.                                  Reporter's Record of the proceedings truly and
on September 11th. Nobody wants to listen. I was                                                                   correctly reflects the exhibits, if any, admitted by
concerned about my community.                               (Brief recess.)                                        the respective parties. I further certify that the total
                                                                                                                   cost for the preparation of this Reporter's record is
MR. JOHN SIMSEN: Barry with our long-term                   MR. JOHN SIMSEN: State your name for the               $ and was paid/will be paid by
recovery team is going to -- I'm sorry. We have             record.
another speaker, Denise.
                                                            MR. DON CHERRY: Don Cherry. We need a                  WITNESS MY OFFICIAL HAND this the __day
MS. DENISE PARSONS: I have a request that we                comprehensive drainage plan for the Peninsula. It      of __ 2009
schedule a meeting when there is not two major              should include reduced roads and access to the
events because a lot of folks -- we would have              beach. It should eliminate all culverts exploring to   MESCHEL HARA, CSR, RPR
packed this place if we wouldn't have had the               the beach through the dunes because they               Texas CSR 6941
Chamber meeting. And our County people would                undermine dune development and they clog in a          Expiration: 12/31/2010
have heard some really important comments.                  storm and prevent runoff.                              P.O. Box 1795
Because it sends a strong message out if the                                                                       Texas City, Texas 77592
County officials are not here, in particularly Judge        We need to pay a particular attention to the five
Yarborough, since he makes the most decisions.              drains to the Gulf, that they be obstruction free.

        Bolivar Blueprint                                                                                                                                              81
82   Bolivar Blueprint
Appendix F. How to Build Better: Excerpts from Mitigation Assessment Team Report, FEMA P-757
In the wake of a disaster the size of Ike, it is natural for citizens,         Coastal land development guidance and practices should be revised
businesses, and communities to want to get back to normal as quickly as        to minimize potential linear scour (and associated building
possible. Because Ike was such a destructive and widespread storm,             damages), and building design and construction practices should be
rebuilding to pre-disaster standards will not create a more resilient          modified to account for potential linear scour effects.
community nor would it help mitigate potential damage from the next            FEMA should study foundation scour in more detail during future
storm. To ensure long-term recovery for the coastal area would require         post storm investigations.
considerable thought and planning.
                                                                           Building Elevation Relative to Flood Level
Reacting to this need, FEMA deployed a Mitigation Assessment Team          Much of the damage observed by the Ike MAT resulted from buildings
(MAT) to evaluate and assess damage from the hurricane and provide         not being adequately elevated to escape Ike’s storm surge, waves, and
observations, conclusions, and recommendations on the performance          flood borne debris. Specific observations and conclusions, with related
of buildings and other structures impacted by the wind and flood forces.   recommendations, follow:
Follows are some of the recommendations for Bolivar (and the
Galveston Bay area) from the MAT Report intended to provide decision-      BFEs shown on effective FIRMs should not be used for reconstruction
makers with guidance that can be used to reduce future hurricane           purposes in Ike-affected communities, unless communities can
damage to the Peninsula and the Gulf Coast Region.                         demonstrate that effective BFEs are adequate. Thousands of residential
                                                                           buildings were damaged or destroyed by Ike’s flooding, many of them
Residential ─ Flood                                                        constructed at or above the effective BFEs. New flood studies are
Scour around Foundations                                                   underway in Louisiana and Texas; preliminary flood maps have been
Unexpected levels of foundation scour were observed between Surfside       produced in parts of Louisiana, but Texas preliminary maps are not
Beach, TX, and Holly Beach, LA. The local scour around building            expected before the end of 2009.
foundations greatly exceeded the vertical and lateral extents indicated
by current design guidance. Damage from the scour was significant and      Widespread damage outside the SFHA was observed; the Ike MAT
widespread. Also, linear scour features that likely were associated with   recommends providing safety against flooding to the areas beyond the
barrier island canals and roads were observed by the MAT. Numerous         landward limit of the effective SFHA, where there are likely to be no
houses were undoubtedly affected by linear scour features, suffering       flood-resistant design and construction requirements (i.e., beyond Zone
either damage or destruction.                                              A and within Zones B, C, shaded X or X), and in Zone A, which could
                                                                           experience Coastal A Zone or even Zone V conditions during a base
Recommendations                                                            flood.
   FEMA should assist engineers and standards writing organizations in
   developing new design and building code guidance, to incorporate
   scour knowledge gained following hurricane Ike.

       Bolivar Blueprint                                                                                                                         83
                          Appendix F: How to Build Better: Excerpts from Mitigation Assessment Team Report, FEMA P-757

                                                                               Enforce ASCE 24-05’s Coastal A Zone design and construction
                                                                               requirements in areas presently mapped as Zone A on the effective
                                                                               FIRM. This recommendation should be implemented before the
                                                                               adoption of new DFIRMs; following adoption, Coastal A Zone
                                                                               requirements should be adopted in the area between the Limit of
                                                                               Moderate Wave Action (LiMWA) and Zone V.

                                                                           Based on damage observed to NFIP-compliant buildings throughout the
                                                                           area affected by Ike, minimum floor elevation requirements in NFIP
                                                                           regulations (44 CFR Section 60.3) are inadequate and allow flood
                                                                           damage in Zone A, particularly by allowing the top of the lowest floor to
                                                                           be set at the BFE.

                                                                              FEMA should revise its regulations to require the entire floor system
                                                                              to be set at or above the BFE, and should implement the minimum
                                                                              floor elevation recommendations contained in the NFIP Evaluation
                                                                              Study (American Institutes for Research, 2006). Even when buildings
                                                                              are elevated and constructed to meet minimum requirements, they
Recommendations                                                               are still vulnerable to flood damage when flood levels exceed the
   Until new Digital FIRMs (DFIRMs) are available and adopted, the            BFE.
   MAT recommends requiring the following freeboard above the                 Property owners should be encouraged to design new and
   currently effective BFEs for new construction, substantial                 reconstructed buildings for flood levels above the BFE. Some houses
   improvements, and repair feet. Once new DFIRMs are available and           that were advertised as enhanced code construction and intended
   adopted, the MAT recommends requiring new construction,                    to withstand greater-than-design level flood events sustained flood
   substantial improvements, and repair of substantial damage be              damage during Ike. Even though these buildings were elevated
   elevated to or above the freeboard elevation specified by ASCE 24-         above the BFE, the MAT observed instances where scour and
   05.                                                                        erosion exceeded the ability of the pile/column foundation to
   Enforce Zone A design and construction standards in the area               remain vertical, and instances where lateral loads and bending
   between the effective SFHA landward limit and a ground elevation           moments exceeded the material properties of the foundation piles/
   equal to the adjacent Zone A effective BFE plus freeboard. This            columns—the piles/columns cracked or broke.
   recommendation should be implemented before and following the              Enhanced code houses should be designed for erosion, scour, and
   adoption of new DFIRMs.                                                    flood loads associated with flood levels above the BFE, not just
                                                                              elevated above the BFE on otherwise minimally flood-compliant

84                                                                                                                       Bolivar Blueprint
                            Appendix F: How to Build Better: Excerpts from Mitigation Assessment Team Report, FEMA P-757

    foundations. Entities certifying enhanced code houses should                 must be supported by an undermined foundation and minimize the
    review foundation calculations before granting enhanced code                 potential of unintended load transfer from failed slabs to the
    status.                                                                      foundation.

Flood damage to commercial buildings was, for the most part, similar to      Siting
flood damage to residential buildings.                                       The widespread destruction and damage to houses situated closest to
                                                                             shorelines during Ike reinforced the principle that siting of buildings is
The MAT recommends elevating commercial buildings to the same                critical to their survival during hurricanes. Siting of buildings close to
levels and on the same types of foundations as called for in residential     eroding shorelines puts those buildings at risk and often results in
recommendations.                                                             erosion and flood damage to those buildings.

Parking Slabs                                                                Recommendation
A wide range of parking slab performance was observed by the MAT:               The State and local governments of Texas and Louisiana should
a)unreinforced, frangible parking slabs collapsed, as intended, with no         encourage siting away from eroding shorelines; employ coastal
apparent harm to elevated houses or their foundations; b) unintended            restoration, where justified, to mitigate erosion effects; and acquire
failure of non-frangible parking slabs led to timber pile failures at           erosion-damaged properties and prohibit reconstruction on those
elevated houses where broken slabs remained connected to foundation             properties.
piles and transferred loads to the piles that the piles could not resist—
racked foundations and broken piles resulted; c) intact but undermined       Breakaway Walls
parking slabs sometimes contributed to foundation and building               One unintended consequence of elevating houses above the BFE has
settlement, by increasing scour around the foundation (as water flowed       been taller and taller solid breakaway wall panels, which provide larger
between the bottom of the slab and the eroded ground) and by placing         and larger flood borne debris elements when they break away.
additional vertical load on the foundations.
Recommendations                                                                 Lattice or louvers should be used instead of solid breakaway walls.
   Coastal house foundations subject to scour and erosion should be             Louver and lattice wall panels will remain intact longer than solid
   designed to resist all loads imposed during coastal storm events,            breakaway walls, resulting in less debris and less repair cost to
   where possible, without benefit of parking slabs and grade beams to          homeowners. If solid breakaway walls are used, designers and
   provide stiffness.                                                           owners should consider installation of flood vents in those walls—
   Unreinforced, frangible parking slabs should be constructed under            this may help to delay the failure of the walls, reduce flood borne
   these houses when parking slabs are desired by the owner.                    debris and reduce repair costs.
   Where tall foundations cannot be constructed under coastal houses
   without added stiffness, grade beams with frangible slabs are
   preferred over structural slabs. This will minimize the weight that

       Bolivar Blueprint                                                                                                                              85
                            Appendix F: How to Build Better: Excerpts from Mitigation Assessment Team Report, FEMA P-757

Manufactured Homes                                                           Recommendation
Destruction of manufactured housing occurred during Ike, either                 Roof overhangs of widths up to 2 feet are routinely designed using
because the homes were not elevated to or above the BFE (this may               prescriptive standards. Roof overhangs in excess of 2 feet should be
have occurred through proper use of the 3-foot pier exemption                   designed to withstand wind pressures calculated using ASCE 7-05
permitted in existing manufactured home parks, or by misinterpretation          guidelines.
of this exemption), or because homes had not been installed on flood-
and wind-resistant foundations.                                              Asphalt Shingles
                                                                             The MAT observed a substantial
Recommendation                                                               amount of wind-damaged asphalt
   All new and replacement manufactured homes should be elevated             shingles. To achieve good wind
   to or above the BFE using wind- and flood-resistant foundations           performance, shingles with sufficient
   such as those specified in NFPA 225-09. Manufactured home                 wind resistance should be installed. TDI
   installations should follow the guidance contained FEMA 85. Please        currently allows 110-mph-rated asphalt
   note that the 1985 edition of FEMA 85 is currently under revision         shingles (i.e., Class F) for all wind zones
   and is tentatively scheduled to be released later in 2009.                in the Designated Catastrophe Area.
                                                                             Products are currently manufactured to
Residential ─ Wind                                                           meet ASTM D 7158, which provides for
In the areas observed by the MAT, Hurricane Ike was not a design wind        testing and classification of asphalt
event; wind speeds ranged from 90+ mph1 from the west end of                 shingles to meet 120-mph (Class G) and
Galveston Island to 110 mph on Bolivar Peninsula.                            130- mph (Class H) wind resistance.

Structural                                                                      When asphalt shingles are used, it is recommended that TDI require
Though major wind damage to building structures was seldom observed             the use of shingles complying with ASTM D 7158 Class G shingles in
by the MAT, wind damage to roof overhangs and sheathing was seen.               Inland (I) and Inland (II) and Class H shingles in the Seaward Zone.
This type of damage, though not pervasive, was seen in Galveston
                                                                             Non-Load Bearing Walls and Wall Coverings
County, including some enhanced code construction homes.
                                                                             An extensive amount of envelope wall covering, primarily vinyl siding
                                                                             and fiber cement siding, was damaged by Hurricane Ike.

                                                                                Municipalities with building code authorities, along with TDI and
                                                                                their inspection program, should require that the installed products
 All estimated speeds listed in the MAT Recommendations are peak gust,
Exposure C at 33 feet taken from Estimates of Maximum Wind Speed Produced       are on the approved and tested list and are installed in accordance
by Hurricane Ike in Texas and Louisiana (ARA, 2008).

86                                                                                                                         Bolivar Blueprint
                            Appendix F: How to Build Better: Excerpts from Mitigation Assessment Team Report, FEMA P-757

    to industry and manufacturer’s recommendations for high wind              Recommendation
    zone installations.                                                          It is recommended that where railings are installed around elevated
                                                                                 units, the railings either be removable or adequate space be
Doors, Windows, and Shutters                                                     provided on the platform to allow servicing of the units.
Few impact resistant glazed window units were observed by the MAT,
with homeowners and builders opting to use shutters to provide debris         Critical Facilities
impact protection of building openings. TDI currently requires only           Critical facilities apparently continue to be designed and constructed
homes located in the Seaward Zone and the Inland (I) to be protected          without sufficient consideration of the guidance documents written to
by impact resistant glazing or shutters.                                      make critical facilities more hazard resistant.

Recommendation                                                                Recommendation
   It is recommended that opening protection by TDI include Inland (II           Critical facilities should be designed in keeping with available
   [110 mph]) within 1 mile of the coastal mean high water line where            guidance (FEMA 424, 543, and 577). Existing critical facilities should
   the basic wind speed is equal to or greater than 110 mph, which is            be audited using FEMA 424, 543, and 577 and retrofitted where
   consistent with ASCE 7-05 and IRC 2003 recommendations. Roof                  appropriate.

Soffits, Fascias, and Gable Vents                                             Mitigation Project Performance
Vinyl soffits and roof ridge ventilation systems frequently failed, thereby   Some critical facilities that had received Federal mitigation grant funds
allowing water infiltration into the homes causing damage.                    to address previous damage or known vulnerabilities were found to still
                                                                              be vulnerable, either to the hazard against which they had presumably
Recommendation                                                                been mitigated, or against other hazards.
   The TDI and Building Inspection Program should ensure that vinyl
   soffits are installed in accordance to industry and manufacturer’s         Recommendation
   recommendations for high wind zone installations. Ridge ventilation           Additional controls should be put in place by FEMA to ensure
   systems frequently allow wind-driven rain to enter the attic space            mitigation projects for critical facilities are properly designed and
   and should not be allowed in the Designated Catastrophe Area.                 constructed/ implemented.

Exterior-Mounted Equipment                                                    Critical Facilities ─ Flood
All observed HVAC units mounted on the outside of the homes were              Critical facilities observed by the MAT were insufficiently elevated and
elevated, per the guidelines in FEMA 55.                                      vulnerable to flood damage. This was the case for most of the older
                                                                              buildings housing critical operations, but was also an issue for many
                                                                              recently constructed critical facilities.

       Bolivar Blueprint                                                                                                                                 87
                             Appendix F: How to Build Better: Excerpts from Mitigation Assessment Team Report, FEMA P-757

Building Elevation Relative to Flood Level                                    windborne debris and water infiltration damage that results in partial
New and replacement critical facilities continue to be located within the     interruption of facility operations or entire evacuation of a facility after
SFHA, and without freeboard.                                                  passage of a hurricane, the following are recommended.

Recommendation                                                                Recommendations
   New and replacement critical facilities should be sited outside the           For existing facilities, perform a comprehensive vulnerability
   500- year floodplain, where possible; where not possible, the critical        assessment of the MWFRS and building envelope. As part of the
   facilities should be elevated higher than the residential and                 evaluation process, prioritize the identified vulnerabilities. FEMA
   commercial building elevations called for in Recommendations #4,              543 and 577 recommend such an evaluation regardless of building
   #5, #6, and #10. At a minimum, critical facilities should be elevated         age for critical facilities located in hurricane-prone regions. The
   above the 500-year flood level or the freeboard requirements of               evaluation should also include assessing a facility’s capability of
   ASCE 24-05, whichever offers more protection to the facility.                 coping with loss of municipal utilities (i.e., electrical power, water,
                                                                                 sewer, and communications). FEMA 543 and 577 provide guidance
Equipment and Utilities                                                          on back-up systems and operations when loss of municipal utilities
The MAT continues to see critical facility equipment and utilities               occurs, as well as guidance for performing remedial work on existing
damaged by flooding as a result of insufficient elevation.                       facilities.
                                                                                 The MAT recommends that design and construction of new critical
Recommendation                                                                   facilities follow the guidance in FEMA 543 and 577 so that wind
   Do not locate equipment and utilities in basements or ground levels           vulnerabilities are not built into new facilities. This approach is more
   of critical facilities. Locate these above the BFE-plus-freeboard             cost effective than building to minimum codes and standards and
   elevation. If elevation of these components is not feasible for               then retrofitting a building in the future in order to decrease its
   existing critical facilities in Zone A, evaluate dry-floodproofing of         wind vulnerability.
   these areas to an elevation several feet above the BFE. If the
                                                                              Emergency Equipment
   building structure cannot accommodate flood loads associated with
   dry-floodproofing to this elevation, consider relocating the critical      The MAT observed critical facilities with significant wind vulnerabilities
   facility or replacing with a new critical facility.                        that were evacuated prior to hurricane landfall. However, in some
                                                                              instances, equipment was not evacuated.
Critical Facilities ─ Wind
Critical facilities observed by the MAT had wind vulnerabilities, some of     Recommendation
which were quite significant. Vulnerable elements primarily pertained            The MAT recommends that emergency supplies and equipment
to building envelopes and emergency power, but for some facilities, the          (such as fire trucks) also be evacuated, to the extent possible.
MWFRS were also susceptible to wind damage. The presence of large                Otherwise, building failure can damage supplies and equipment,
numbers of wind vulnerable facilities has also been observed by MATs             thereby making them unavailable for post-storm response and
in other locations of the United States and its Territories. To avoid wind,      recovery.

88                                                                                                                           Bolivar Blueprint
                           Appendix F: How to Build Better: Excerpts from Mitigation Assessment Team Report, FEMA P-757

Mitigation Project Performance                                              Sustainable Land Use Planning
The MAT observed mitigated projects that were not sufficiently robust       Land use planning is critical to Galveston Island and to the Bolivar
and/or were not sufficiently comprehensive.                                 Peninsula and the risks and vulnerabilities of these areas need to be
   Before a critical facility receives a grant from the HMGP or Pre-        Recommendations
   Disaster Mitigation Grant Program, it is recommended that a                 Identify the risks to and vulnerabilities of Bolivar and develop
   comprehensive vulnerability assessment be conducted. All                    mitigation strategies to address them as part of the community’s
   significant wind vulnerabilities (including those related to                master plan. Identify zoning, land ownership, resident populations,
   interruption of municipal utilities) should be mitigated by the grant       tourism, economic activity and identify where and how vulnerable
   work and for those that are not, the remaining residual risk should         these assets are to the natural hazard.
   be recognized and documented.                                               Prepare a Sustainable Land Use Plan that considers that more
   It is recommended that the guidance in FEMA 577 be considered for           severe hurricane impacts can be expected in the future and
   healthcare projects, and that FEMA 543 be considered for all other          incorporates geohazards mapping, and relative sea level rise for the
   critical facilities. Not all of the guidance is appropriate for all         next 50 years as a minimum.
   facilities, but if a recommendation is not implemented, that decision       Allow new construction and additions only in areas that are deemed
   should be based on deliberation and consideration of residual risks.        safe with low risk, based on the Risks and Vulnerabilities and the
   It is recommended that a two-stage peer review be implemented               Sustainable Land Use Plan, which includes future trends over the
   for all projects. The first review should be made early in the design       next 50 years. This will ensure that development stays out of the
   process to ensure the scope and direction of the remedial work is           fragile coastal zone that needs to be protected for dune dynamism
   fundamentally sound. The second review should be conducted prior            and growth.
   to bidding the construction work. This later review should be quite         Build a coalition of municipal, community, and business partners to
   comprehensive.                                                              discuss economic investments at stake. Encourage businesses to
                                                                               think about their response to natural hazards over the long-term,
                                                                               both operationally and physically. Emphasize that building codes are
                                                                               intended to provide a minimal level of life-safety and building
                                                                               performance. In coastal areas, it is prudent to design and construct
                                                                               more conservatively. This includes commercial buildings, in order to
                                                                               increase their potential for being operational after a disaster.
                                                                               Increase protection of dunes on Galveston Island and Bolivar
                                                                               Peninsula to allow the dunes to stabilize and achieve their natural,
                                                                               undisturbed heights.
                                                                               Institute a dune revegetation program and other put in place
                                                                               measures to allow dunes to achieve their former heights. High-

      Bolivar Blueprint                                                                                                                             89
                              Appendix F: How to Build Better: Excerpts from Mitigation Assessment Team Report, FEMA P-757

     elevation continuous dunes effectively block storm surges and
     prevent island overwash. Restoration, maintenance, and protection
     of dunes are vital to ensuring storm protection, beach stability, and
     increasing the economic health of the region.
     Community education programs to place signage and provide
     literature about importance of dunes.
     Initiate a local or regional wetlands protection program. According
     to the USGS report (2004), not many dune or habitat restoration
     projects had been started. It is very important these projects be
     initiated as soon as possible to begin to establish basic protection. It
     often takes many years for dunes to become stable.

The Galveston Bay region has been struck repeatedly by hurricanes in
the past and will be struck again in the future. Reconstruction efforts
and future development on Bolivar Peninsula that considers and
mitigates these risks will result in fewer negative impacts and will be
able to recover more quickly from future storm events. Utilizing
recommendations from the Mitigation Team Assessment Report, the
Long-Term Community Recovery Team encourages creation of resilient,
storm-resistant communities, built with respect for the environment
and developed with sustainable building practices and land use,
infrastructure, and community services.

90                                                                                                                           Bolivar Blueprint
Appendix G. ESF #14 Long Term Community Recovery Decision Making Tool
                                           PROJECT OR                           CONSIDERATIONS
     IDEAS                      GAPS        PROGRAM      OPPORTUNITIES                                RESOURCES       DECISION        NEXT STEPS
              EFFORTS                                                        BENEFITS   CHALLENGES
How can      What efforts    What         What          What                  What BENEFITS and      What internal   What is the   What must be
we           are currently   prevents     potential     OPPORTUNITIES         CHALLENGES do these    and external    preferred     done to move a
accomplish   underway in     progress     PROJECTS or   exist to enhance      OPTIONS present?       RESOURCES       PROJECT OR    preferred OPTION
this GOAL?   the             towards      PROGRAMS      potential projects                           are available   PROGRAM       forward? Who will
             community to    success in   help          and programs?                                to pursue       OPTION?       take
             advance the     the GOAL,    accomplish                                                 these                         responsibility?
             GOAL and        ONGOING      your GOAL?                                                 OPTIONS?                      What are target
             IDEAS?          EFFORTS or                                                                                            completion dates?

92                                                                                                                      Bolivar Blueprint
                    Appendix F. How to Build Better: Excerpts from Mitigation Assessment Team Report, FEMA P-757

Bolivar Blueprint                                                                                                  83

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