interview by ahsanabbas



Understanding the interview:
an interview is conducted for TV, newspaper, and radio reporting
discuss formally with (somebody) for the purpose of an evaluation;
the questioning of a person (or a conversation in which information is elicited); often
conducted by journalists;
A conversation with a person in order to obtain information. Reporters interview people
to find out about the topic they are writing about.
The act of questioning an individual to obtain specific information.
a face-to-face or by telephone discussion between two or more people to collect
information and the opinions of the people being interviewed about certain topics or
What is interview
Nearly 90 percent stories are interview based as reporter is getting information
from some one else.

Interview process gives the journalist a chance to get information straight from
the source.
Talking to the source is also an interview. But formal interviews are arranged one.
Q. What is "interviewing?"
A. Interviewing is asking questions, the purpose of which may be known only to the
person conducting the interview.
Q. Who might I interview?
A: For an arranged interview persons who have life experience, Experts of any subject,
have an authority, Who matter, have some thing to share or inform
Why interview?
To find somebody
To locate assets.
To check into the background of an individual or a company.
Interviewer's Qualifications
Decorum, politeness, attentiveness, responsiveness . . . these are qualities seasoned PI's
insist staff investigators exhibit. Friendliness, pleasantness, gregariousness,
neighborliness, sociability . . . The application of these attributes will ensure the success
of your inquiries.
A good sense of humor can work best to turn the trick.
1. Start by doing some reading on the topic
Surf the Web (using your school's guidelines for searching the internet)
Check out newspaper articles
Go to the library
Find out what has happened in the past
What the current developments are and what's expected to happen soon.
You may also want to know what's going on in other cities, provinces or countries.
2. Decide on a focus for your story
Figure out who you need to interview.
Who can give them the facts and figures?
Who will help them put a human face on the story?
Write down the questions you want to ask the person during the interview. (See
section on Asking the Right Questions)
3.Setting up the interview
It is a good idea for you to call people on the phone and set up a personal interview.
Interviews tend to work best face-to-face because you can observe the person's
expressions and gestures and you can see the place where the person lives or works.
If you have not time to meet with a source in person because of time or distance.
Then a phone interview can also work.
As a last resort, you can interview people via e-mail. keep in mind that people don't
often write the same way they speak so you may wind up with quotes that sound
stiff and unnatural. Plus, by sending a list of questions, you give the interviewee
control of the interview.
In doing the interview by email, you decide which questions you want answered
and in what order. Then it is left to your source to decide how much detail
information to offer you.
In person, you can follow up immediately and ask for more information.
be prepared!
 Learn as much as you can learn about your subject's personality, likes, dislikes,
occupation, schooling, relationships, leisure activities, clubs, organizations, and
Knowledge is King
Whether you are conducting a background check, an assets search, a relationship
or a custody investigation, garner and organize all your data - important facts as
well as seemingly mundane, trivial details.
4. Asking the right questions
 Your goal as an interviewer is to get another person to speak openly and share

relevant information and opinions. Some kinds of questions will help them do this
and some will make it harder to get the information and comments they need.
Here are some of the most common types of questions that journalists ask and
which ones work best:
Open-ended questions encourage the person to talk and share their thoughts and
feelings on a subject. It allows them to tell their own story without much prompting
from the reporter. For example, here's what a you could ask a boy who rescued his
little sister from drowning in a river:
"What were you thinking when you saw your sister struggling in the water?“
"You must have been terrified to see your sister struggling in the water, were you?"
The second question is known as a closed question,
Conducting an interview

Introduce …
Permission …

Stay within agreed time

State objectives- keep them in mind

Show respect

Don’t dominate
But control direction
Be flexible

Seek evidence…

Open questions

“Reflect back”


Prepare mental outline for story (when you are doing interview for story
Identify your self and your organization and also purpose/ topic of the interview.

Be cool in attitude but put hard hitting questions in proper language.

Be informal in conversation so that interviewee ( person from whom you are
taking interview) may feel comfortable.

follow-up question
The single best follow-up question one can ask: "What do you mean by that?"

The second-best follow-up question: "Well, give me some examples."

On searching for truth, not tricks:
Do not try to get somebody to say something they didn't mean to say.
 What you want to get from them is exactly what they meant to say, and then you want
to question them about that, to see if it stands up to the light of good tough scrutiny.

What not to do in an interview:
Long, complex, multi-part questions generally do not elicit very good information.
If you're trying to get the right answer, you're not going to be judged on how nice and
intelligent you looked when you were posing the question.
Ask the question. What the guy says is going be the news, and if you get him to make
news, then you'll become known as a good reporter.

The thing you want to remember about doing an interview:
Don't overcomplicate it. Ask simple questions. Ask straightforward questions. Be as
specific as you can in the questions.

Loaded words
Ms. Smith, why have you ruined graduation celebrations for the students by axing the
Senior Prom?
The second question has what are known as loaded words – words that leave people
with a distinct and often negative impression. That can prompt your source to get
defensive or to disagree with your question – and that won't help you get an answer to
your question!
Leading questions
Leading questions do just what you'd think they do – they try to lead an interviewee in
a certain direction.
Double-barreled questions
Double-barreled questions include two or more parts. Reporters often ask them in
order to get as much as they can from their interview or their opportunity to speak at a
news conference. But they don't always work that way.
Mr. Jones, will students be allowed to ride the skateboards in the school parking lot
next year and why does the school need to hire security guards to supervise the school
grounds after classes?
Wrap-up questions
Help you make sure you have all the information you need. You can ask your source
questions like this to end the interview and clarify information he/she has given you
during the course of your conversation. That way, you can tie up loose ends before
leaving the interview -- not when you sit down to write!
"Is there anything else I should have asked you?"
"Let me be sure I have everything...."
"So, as I understand it, there are three main issues here...."
Collect three interviews published in any reputable magazine
Study these interviews
See questions, their style and information received in response to these questions
Where to Get More Information
Scholastic Journalism
The Complete Reporter
Professional Journalist

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