Working with the community to understand local seed systems in the Horn of Africa. What crops and varieties should be consulted. However, it is important should be provided to farmers? to realize that because farmer varieties are not included, official release does not always This is the most frequently asked question by equate with farmer acceptance. Following humanitarian agencies planning emergency the 1990/91 drought in Zimbabwe, seeds of seed programs. More realistic questions are: recently released early-maturing sorghum What seed is available now? Is it locally and millet varieties were provided to adapted? Do farmers like it? Most countries in farmers as emergency relief, and these are the region have lists of crops and varieties that still being grown on 25-40% of that country’s have been officially released, and these lists sorghum and millet area. On the other hand, Suggested interventions Instead of providing farmers with seed (and other agricultural inputs) directly, farmers should be provided with means of accessing seed from alternative sources. Three related approaches have been used successfully. 1. Provide farmers with cash. This approach was used in Honduras after Hurricane Mitch and has subsequently been used in Mozambique to assist targeted households affected by the 2000 flood. 2. Provide farmers with vouchers that can be redeemed for seed through established seed retailers. This approach has been piloted in both Zimbabwe and Malawi. 3. Provide farmers with vouchers that can be redeemed for seed at locally organized seed fairs. This approach was developed by Catholic Relief Services and has been used in Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Sudan, Rwanda, Burundi and Mozambique.
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