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					Executive Summary                                                                        March 2006




CLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION AND
ADAPTATION IMPLEMENTATION PLAN
for the Draft South East Plan

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
What is the Purpose and Background to the Implementation Plan?

                                   The overall aim of the Climate Change Implementation Plan is
The impact of
                                   to develop a regional implementation plan which sets out
climate change in
                                   actions required by different organisations and stakeholders to
the South East is                  mitigate and adapt to the predicted effects of climate change
likely to be among                 in the South East.
the most severe of
any English region          The South East is forecast to experience some of the most
                            severe impacts due to climate change of any English region
over the coming century. Impacts are likely to include hotter drier summers, milder wetter
winters, greater extremes in temperature and precipitation,
increased storminess and rising sea levels and storm surge
                                                                      Urgent action is
heights.
                                                                      needed to adapt to
                                                                            impacts already
Action is needed urgently to adapt to impacts already happening,            happening, and
and to mitigate the causes of climate change. This Implementation           mitigate against
Plan is designed to play a key role in facilitating action, by setting      future impacts
out priorities for actions and key roles and responsibilities.

The Implementation Plan mainly includes actions that are relevant to spatial planning,
however it also considers those that go beyond activity controlled by the spatial planning
system. It also aims not to duplicate work already undertaken, but
draw together relevant actions and clarify implementation
mechanisms.

In particular, the Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation
Implementation Plan aims to assist in the delivery of Policy CC2:
Climate Change in the draft South East Plan as submitted by the
Regional Assembly to Government on 31 March 2006.               It
supplements the Implementation Plan for the South East Plan
which identifies the mechanisms generally required to deliver the
policies and proposals set out in the South East Plan. However,
due to the importance and cross-cutting nature of the climate
change policy across all aspects of the Plan, it was decided to
provide additional detail on its implementation.




Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation           i                Collingwood Environmental Planning
Implementation Plan for the SE Plan                                          and Land Use Consultants
Executive Summary                                                                          March 2006


The development the plan has drawn on much existing research work and guidance
documents. These are detailed in the main report.

What is the Scope and Coverage of the Implementation Plan?

The Implementation Plan provides further details of the mechanisms and activities that are
already contributing to, or need to be developed, to mitigate and adapt to climate change in
the South East. The focus is on the implementation of the five mitigation and five adaptation
principles for climate change proofing as set out in policy CC2 of the draft South East Plan
(see below).

 Policy CC2: Climate Change

 The strategy and policies of the Plan will promote measures to mitigate and adapt to the forecast
 effects of climate change and should be implemented through application of local planning policy and
 other mechanisms. Behavioural change will be essential in implementing this policy and the
 measures identified.
 Mitigation, through reducing greenhouse gas emissions, will primarily be addressed through greater
 resource efficiency including:
      i.    Improving energy efficiency performance of new and existing buildings and influencing
            behaviour of occupants
      ii.   Reducing the need to travel and ensuring good accessibility to public and other sustainable
            modes of transport
      iii. Promoting land use that acts as carbon sinks
      iv. Encouraging development and use of renewable energy
      v.    Reducing the amount of biodegradable waste landfilled.
 In addition, and in respect of carbon dioxide emissions, regional and local authorities, agencies and
 others shall include policies and proposals in their plans, strategies and investment programmes to
 help reduce the region’s carbon dioxide emissions by at least 20% below 1990 levels by 2010 and by
 at least 25% below 1990 levels by 2015. A target for 2026 will be developed and incorporated in the
 first review of the Plan (and no later than 2011).
 Adaptation to risks and opportunities will be achieved through:
      i.    Guiding strategic development to locations offering greater protection from impacts such as
            flooding, erosion, storms, water shortages and subsidence
      ii.   Ensuring new and existing building stock are more resilient to climate change impacts
      iii. Incorporating sustainable drainage measures and high standards of water efficiency in
           new and existing building stock
      iv. Increasing flood storage capacity and developing sustainable new water resources
      v.    Ensuring that opportunities and options for sustainable flood management and migration
            of habitats and species are not foreclosed.
 [Note: emphasis in bold is added]



Some significant progress has already been made by organisations that have identified the
benefit of mitigation and adaptation. However, implementing mitigation and adaptation to
climate change is still at an early stage in the region. Most progress has been made in
developing knowledge and in modifying regional policies, strategies and plans. These


Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation            ii                Collingwood Environmental Planning
Implementation Plan for the SE Plan                                            and Land Use Consultants
Executive Summary                                                                        March 2006


provide the framework within which mitigation and adaptation can be delivered, but local
mechanisms and commitment is needed to take implementation further and to overcome
perceived or actual barriers to making progress.

Who should be Responsible for Implementing the Actions?

While the Regional Assembly has an important role in helping deliver mitigation and
adaptation to climate change, it will need the support of many different other organisations
and stakeholders, as well as individuals and households, to deliver the actions and activities
in the Implementation Plan. The key audience for this plan is therefore those who need to
take action, which could include (but is not limited to):

•    Central government
                                                                           Responsibility for
•    National regulators and advisors                                      action lies at all
•    Regional planners and policy makers                                   levels, from
                                                                           national
•    Local authorities and planning bodies
                                                                           government to
•    Developers and their advisers (e.g. architects, engineers and         individual
     surveyors)                                                            households
•    Industry and commerce
•    Service providers (e.g. health, education, transport, utilities, waste and water)

•    Landowners and managers, farmers and forestry industry
•    NGOs, voluntary organisations, researchers and academia
•    Community groups and householders.

The Implementation Plan includes details of the principal areas of influence and
responsibilities of these different audiences.

What are the Barriers to Implementation and the Priority Activities and Actions to
overcome them?

The Implementation Plan recognised that there are many potential barriers to
implementation, including uncertainty and a lack of consensus around certain issues (both in
terms of evidence and potential solutions), as well as a lack of awareness amongst certain
stakeholders. Some of the key potential barriers identified are:

•    Uncertainty about the nature and extent of climate change and its impacts.
•    The complexity and challenges of climate change impacts and the adaptations needed.
•    The short planning horizons of many stakeholders compared to those of climate change.

•    Resource constraints and the perception of additional costs of adaptation and mitigation.
•    Lack of the maturity of certain markets for goods and services to support adaptation.
•    Dependency on regulations, codes and standards which do not yet reflect anticipated
     climatic conditions or current good practice.


Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation        iii                Collingwood Environmental Planning
Implementation Plan for the SE Plan                                         and Land Use Consultants
Executive Summary                                                                         March 2006


•    The perception that the business case for adaptation has not been proven in some
     sectors.

•    The lack of senior management ‘buy-in’ and/or political support for adaptive response.
•    Lack of awareness and in-house expertise.

•    Organisational and professional inertia leading to inflexibility and resistance to change.
•    Difficulties associated with changing individuals’ behaviour.             One of the key
•    Lack of joined up policy within and between different levels of           areas for action is
     decision making (e.g. national, regional and local).                      to embed climate
                                                                               change mitigation
Mitigation and adaptation activities and actions have been identified
                                                                               and adaptation in
to try to address these barriers and are structured in the report under
                                                                               the spatial
the ten principles included in Policy CC2. In addition, a set of key
                                                                               planning system,
generic or cross-cutting actions are also identified. For each
principle, the Implementation Plan sets out how the issue is currently
                                                                               and in particular as
being addressed, through research and information, awareness                   part of the new
raising and partnerships, the development of policy and strategy etc,          Local Development
and the key priorities for action that are needed, with the ‘key players’      Frameworks
listed that needed to be involved in each action. A list of the titles of
all the actions in the Implementation Plan is provided in the table below.

Actions range from policy and fiscal instruments required from government through to
actions, including behavioural change, needed at the level of individuals, households and
communities. One of the key areas for action is to embed climate change mitigation and
adaptation in the spatial planning system, and in particular as part of the new Local
Development Frameworks (LDFs) that all local authorities in the South East are currently
producing. This, along with the correct implementation of policy and support from developers
and owners in pursuing good practice in both new build and retrofitting existing properties,
will provide the framework for many of the mitigation and adaptation needed and leave a
legacy that will provide benefits for many years to come.

Many other actions are also included and collectively they seek to integrate climate change
adaptation and mitigation into all our decision making, whether at the level of government or
individuals, rather than it being a ‘bolt-on’ activity. This follows the spirit of Policy CC2 from
the South East Plan, which is a cross cutting policy affecting all aspects of the plan.

How should the Implementation Plan be Monitored?

It is proposed that the delivery of this Implementation Plan will be monitored on a regular
basis against relevant indicators as included in the South East Plan Monitoring Framework.
In addition, the South East Climate Change Partnership has been working on developing a
regional set of climate change indicators could provide additional information in the future.

Policy CC2 includes a target to reduce the region’s carbon dioxide emissions by at least 20%
below 1990 levels by 2010 and by at least 25% below 1990 levels by 2015. There is a
commitment is to develop a target for 2026 which will be incorporated in the first review of



Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation        iv                   Collingwood Environmental Planning
Implementation Plan for the SE Plan                                           and Land Use Consultants
Executive Summary                                                                                           March 2006


the Plan. In order to monitor progress towards achieving the targets, a need has been
identified to develop an inventory of greenhouse gas emissions. It is also proposed that the
Implementation Plan is updated on a regular basis to report on progress and revise the
actions as necessary.

List of Priority Actions and Activities Included in the Implementation Plan
Cross Cutting Activities and Actions
C1: Local Authority climate change        C6: Development checklists               C11: Raising awareness with local
strategies                                C7: Climate proofing plans and           communities
C2: South East Plan policies in DPDs      strategies                               C12: Climate change research
and SPDs                                  C8: Code for Sustainable Homes           C13: Climate change indicators
C3: SPDs on sustainable construction      C9: Nottingham Declaration on Climate    C14: Inventory of greenhouse gas
C4: DPDs and SPDs requirements in         Change                                   emissions
development proposals                     C10: Lobbying central Government on
C5: Sustainability Appraisals and         climate change
Strategic Environmental Assessments
Activities and Actions for Mitigation
M(i) Improving energy efficiency performance of new and existing buildings and influencing behaviour of occupants
M(i) 1: Energy efficiency targets in     M(i) 5: Refurbishing publicly owned      M(i) 9: Joint working between regional
DPDs                                     buildings                                organisations
M(i) 2: Building and energy standards    M(i) 6: Lobby government for more        M(i) 10: Information on energy
(BREEAM, Eco Homes, SAP and              incentives to promote energy efficiency  efficiency
NHER)                                    M(i) 7: Using Business Rates as an       M(i) 11: Information on how to be
M(i) 3: Strengthening and enforcing      incentive for energy efficiency          energy (and water) efficient
Building Regulations                     M(i) 8: Support for businesses on        M(i) 12: Energy efficiency in existing
M(i) 4: Designing buildings to increase  energy efficiency through Envirowise     buildings
their thermal mass
(ii) Reducing the need to travel and ensuring good accessibility to public and other sustainable modes of transport
M(ii) 1: Sustainable transport in DPDs   M(ii) 5: Preparation of travel plans     M(ii) 9: Financial incentives for low
and SPDs                                 M(ii) 6: Targets for travel plans        emission vehicles
M(ii) 2: Phasing of public transport     M(ii) 7: Promoting flexible working      M(ii) 10: Lobby central government on
infrastructur                            practices                                transport
M(ii) 3: Changing the way we trave       M(ii) 8: Low emission fleet and freight  M(ii) 11: Monitoring success of urban
M(ii) 4: Road charging                   vehicles                                 concentration policies
                                                                                  M(ii) 12: Monitoring access to quality
                                                                                  services and travel demand
(iii) Promoting land use that acts as carbon sinks
M(iii) 1: Supporting the creation of      M(iii) 4: Management of woodland to      M(iii) 7: Promoting wood products in
woodland in DPDs                          maximise carbon capture                  construction
M(iii) 2: Creation of new woodland as     M(iii) 5: Community woodlands            M(iii) 8: Carbon accounting
part of developments                      M(iii) 6: Land and forestry management   M(iii) 9: Advice to land managers
M(iii) 3: Integrating green space within  for carbon capture
communities
(iv) Encouraging development and use of renewable energy
Action M(iv) 1: Renewable energy      Action M(iv) 5: Review of regional           Action M(iv) 9: Promote biomass
targets in DPDs and SPDs              renewable energy targets                     energy crops
Action M(iv) 2: Integrating CHP and   Action M(iv) 6: Government support for       Action M(iv) 10: Supporting bio-fuels
mini / micro CHP in developments      small-scale renewables                       Action M(iv) 11: Forestry products for
Action M(iv) 3: Implementation of     Action M(iv) 7: Amend PPS2 to include        renewable power generation
South East Sustainable Energy         requirement for LDDs to set renewable
Partnership Business Plan             energy targets
Action M(iv) 4: Renewable energy      Action M(iv) 8: Developing renewables
capacity at public sector sites       supply chain
(v) Reducing the amount of biodegradable waste landfilled
Action M(v) 1: Allocation of waste sites Action M(v) 5: Organisation of civic      Action M(v) 9: Increased resources
in DPDs                                  amenity sites to facilitate re-use and    efficiency
Action M(v) 2: Waste minimisation in     recycling                                 Action M(v) 10: Waste contracts
LDDs                                     Action M(v)6: Home composting             Action M(v) 11: Research on landfill
Action M(v) 3: Energy from waste and     Action M(v) 7: Incentives to increase     performance
anaerobic digestion in LDDs              diversion of biodegradable waste from
Action M(v) 4: Kerbside collection for   landfill
biodegradable waste                      Action M(v) 8: Investment in energy
                                         recovery




Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation                     v                     Collingwood Environmental Planning
Implementation Plan for the SE Plan                                                         and Land Use Consultants
Executive Summary                                                                                             March 2006


Activities and Actions for Adaptation
(i) Guiding strategic development to locations offering greater protection from impacts such as flooding, erosion,
storms, water shortages and subsidence
A(i) 1: Flood risk in DPDs and SPDs      A(i) 6: Flood risk and development       A(i) 11: Linking water resources
A(i) 2: Baseline for SEAs and SAs        sites                                    planning and wider development
A(i) 3: Assessments of communications    A(i) 7: Flood risk assessments           planning
network and infrastructure               A(i) 8: Assessment of high risk          A(i) 12: Outputs from BRANCH
A(i) 4: Strategic approach to flood risk locations                                A(i) 13: Outputs from ESPACE
management in DPDs                       A(i) 9: Flood risk management plans      A(i) 14: Risk from subsidence
A(i) 5: Water resources and water        and strategies                           A(i) 15: Managing and planning for
quality in DPDs and SPDs                 A(i) 10: Funding arrangements for        subsidence
                                         water infrastructure
(ii) Ensuring new and existing building stock are more resilient to climate change impacts
A(ii) 1: Flood Risk Assessments           A(ii) 5: Use of informative to raise    A(ii) 9: Density and design of houses
A(ii) 2: Repairs to flooded properties    awareness of flooding issue             and buildings
A(ii) 3: Development outside of high      A(ii) 6: Flood protection in SPD        A(ii) 10: Retrofitting existing buildings
flood risk area                           A(ii) 7: Information on flood risk      A(ii) 11: Resilience of infrastructure
A(ii) 4: Use of planning conditions and   A(ii) 8: Resilience of foundations
obligations to increase resilience to
flooding
(iii) Incorporating sustainable drainage measures and high standards of water efficiency in new and existing building
stock
A(iii) 1: Sustainable Urban Drainage in   A(iii) 4: Incorporating SUDS into        A(iii) 7: Extend Building Regulations to
DPDs and SPDs                             developments                             facilitate water efficiency
A(iii) 2: Adoption and maintenance of     A(iii) 5: Water efficiency in DPDs and   A(iii) 8: Demand management through
SUDS                                      SPDs                                     water metering
A(iii) 3: Use of informative to raise     A(iii) 6: Use of planning conditions and
awareness of sustainable drainage         obligations to secure water efficiency
                                          and conservation
(iv) Increasing flood storage capacity and developing sustainable new water resources
A(iv) 1: Identification of flood risk areas A(iv) 5: Environmental Stewardship       A(iii) 9: Protection of water resources
in DPDs                                     and flood risk management                in DPDs
A(iv) 2: Securing compensatory flood        A(iv) 6: Flood storage capacity          A(iv) 10: Developing new sources of
storage through LDDs, planning              A(iv) 7: Incentives to provide flood     water supply
conditions and obligations                  storage                                  A(iv) 11: Safeguarding land for
A(iv) 3: Agricultural winter water          A(iv) 8: Liaison on delivering new water reservoir development in DPDs
storage reservoirs and farming practices    resources                                A(iv) 12: Reducing energy demand for
in DPDs and SPDs                                                                     pumping water
A(iv) 4: Rural land use and agricultural
practices
(v) Ensuring that opportunities and options for sustainable flood management and migration of habitats and species
are not foreclosed.
A(v) 1: Undertaking Strategic Flood      A(v) 9: Use of landscape features to       A(v) 17: Coppiced wood for bio-fuel
Risk Assessments                         absorb flood water                         A(v) 18: Spread of intertidal and
A(v) 2: Contributions to Strategic Flood A(v) 10: Support wildlife corridors in     freshwater habitats further up river
Risk Assessments                         LDDs                                       valleys
A(v) 3: Developer contributions to       A(v) 11: Research on the ability of        A(v) 19: Protect against fragmentation
strategic flood risk management          species to track changes in their          and sites acquisition to support
A(v) 4: Flood risk and development       suitable climate space                     biodiversity
briefs / area based SPDs                 A(v) 12: Protection and enhancement        A(v) 20: Habitat creation
A(v) 5: Reflecting CFMPs in LDD          of biodiversity in LDDs                    A(v) 21: Suitability of woodland planting
A(v) 6: Use planning requirements to     A(v) 13: Habitat creation as part of agri- stock
develop improved flood defences          environment initiatives                    A(v) 22: Monitoring trees, woodlands
A(v) 7: Flood risk management and        A(v) 14: Review of agri-environment        and forests
farming / forestry land management       schemes and BAP targets                    A(v) 23: Management of green spaces
A(v) 8: River Basin Management Plans     A(v) 15: Translocation of threatened       for wildlife movement
                                         species
                                         A(v) 16: Extent of managed nature
                                         reserves




Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation                     vi                      Collingwood Environmental Planning
Implementation Plan for the SE Plan                                                           and Land Use Consultants

				
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