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					Investing Offshore
    Investing Offshore: What percentage of one’s assets should be
    invested offshore?

    STANLIB offers a comprehensive range of international portfolios across different sectors, asset classes and risk
    profiles. These portfolios give investors access to global asset management expertise and the ability to invest
    in a range of professionally managed investments to match their risk profiles and meet their personal financial
    goals. Clients are able to access international markets and assets via STANLIB’s range of Rand Denominated and
    Offshore Allowance portfolios. (Please visit www.stanlib.com for additional product information).


    In order to maximise the benefits of diversification when investing it is advisable that investors hold a
    portion of their investment offshore. The question is what percentage of an investor’s assets should be
    invested offshore. STANLIB conducted research to ascertain what the optimal percentage of an investors
    portfolio should be invested offshore relative to their risk profile.


    STANLIB’s research focused on the period from January 1994 to March 2006. The aim of the research was
    to ascertain what mix of local and offshore assets resulted in the best return per unit of risk. In other words,
    what was the optimal mix of local and offshore assets over this 12 year period, a period which includes both
    massive Rand depreciation and massive Rand appreciation.


    Understanding Risk and Return

    The relationship between risk and return is one of the essential concepts to understand when investing
    - and it is unique for every investor. While some investors may be willing to withstand a higher level of
    market volatility, others prefer a more conservative approach. What is crucial is undertstanding your risk
    profile and how it translates into a disciplined approach to investing.


    Risk is generally equated with the potential of an investment to generate financial loss. Return is the usual
    measure of performance. As investments that offer higher potential for total return generally carry a higher
    potential for risk, informed investors don’t simply seek to maximise returns. Instead, they focus on risk-adjusted
    returns, that is, the potential returns that correspond to the level of risk with which they are comfortable.


    Methodology
    The optimal mix of domestic and offshore assets was determined as follows:

    ■     Step 1

          The return/risk profile of a typical domestic only portfolio was calculated for the period 1994 to
          2006. This portfolio was 60% in equities benchmarked against the All Share Index, 25% in bonds
          benchmarked against the All Bond Index, 10% in listed property shares benchmarked against the SA
          Listed Property Index and 5% in cash.




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■      Step 2

       The return/risk profile of a pure international portfolio was calculated for the period 1994 to 2006. The
       asset allocation mix was the same as in scenario one, but with different benchmarks: 60% in equities
       benchmarked against the MSCI World Index, 25% in offshore bonds benchmarked against the JP
       Morgan Global Bond Index, 10% in offshore listed property shares benchmarked against the EPRA
       Nareit Global Property Index and 5% in 3 month dollar cash.
■      Step 3
       An optimal mix of domestic and international assets was calculated using STANLIB’s quantitative
       asset allocation model, aiming to maximise return per unit of risk. The optimal mix of 69.5% in
       local investments and 30.5% invested offshore resulted in a return of 17.3% (a little lower than
       the domestic portfolio (17.9%) but much higher than the pure offshore portfolio (15.9%), but
       most importantly with a risk of only 11.4%, much lower than the domestic portfolio (13.8%) and
       pure offshore portfolio (17.6%). From the results of the model, it is clear that the main benefit to
       holding offshore assets is a reduction in risk through increased diversification.

                         20
                                  Ave. return                            Risk
                         18         17.9%                               17.6%
                                                                                Ave. return
                                                                                  17.3%
                         16                               Ave. return
                                                            15.9%
                         14                     Risk
                                                13.8%
                         12                                                                    Risk
                                                                                              11.4%
                         10
                          8
                                    100% domestic            100% offshore         70% domestic
                                                                                   30% offshore
                                        STEP 1                  STEP 2               STEP 3


The optimal mix of assets, assuming a balanced offshore portfolio mandate of 60% in equities, 25% in
bonds, 10% in property and 5% in cash, for the different risk profiles has been determined as follows:


    RISK PROFILE                                       DOMESTIC                                   OFFSHORE
    Conservative                                         94%                                          6%
    Moderately Conservative                              84%                                          16%
    Moderate                                             79%                                          21%
    Moderately Aggressive                                67%                                          33%
    Aggressive                                           60%                                          40%


Cadiz Research
It is important to note that research conducted by Cadiz Financial Strategists over a much longer period of 79
years (dating back to 1925 and ending in 2005) produced an almost identical result. The optimal combination
of offshore/local assets was 30.9% in offshore assets and 69.1% in domestic assets. More details regarding
the Cadiz research are available from STANLIB Retail Investment Marketing.


So the more conservative the SA investor is, the less need there is for offshore investing, at least from
a point of view of return per unit of risk.




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                        Statutory disclosure and general terms and conditions


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                        (6E1), 180 Commissioner Street, Johannesburg, 2001. Telephone No. (011) 350-4000.



                        STANLB Collective Investments Limited                                                 Standard Bank Fund Managers Jersey Limited

                        Only appointed and approved representative in South Africa                            Standard Bank house

                        PO Box 202                                                                            47-49 La Motte Street, St Helier

                        Melrose Arch, 2076                                                                    Jersey JE48XR, Channel Islands

                        South Africa                                                                          Telephone +44 (1534) 881 188

                        Telephone +27 11 448 6000                                                             Fax +44 (1534) 881 119

                        Contact Centre 0860 123 003
                                                                                                              Trustee
                        www.stanlib.com
                                                                                                              Capita Trust Company (Jersey) Ltd
                        Registration number: 1969/003468/06
                                                                                                              Victoria Chambers

                                                                                                              1/3 The Esplanade

                                                                                                              Liberation Square

                                                                                                              St Helier, Jersey




Compliance No. M273O9                                                                                                                                                    06/07

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