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Table A1

VIEWS: 6 PAGES: 17

									Table A.1. Gini indices of private sector and disposable incomes and fiscal redistribution

                                                                   Absolute Fiscal Relative Fiscal
Country                 Year           Private       Disposable    Redistribution Redistribution
Australia               1981           0.396           0.281           0.115            29.0
                        1985           0.417           0.292           0.125            30.0
                        1989           0.428           0.304           0.124            29.0
                        1995           0.463           0.308           0.155            33.5
                        2001           0.474           0.317           0.157            33.1
                        2003           0.460           0.312           0.148            32.2
Belgium                 1992           0.449           0.224           0.225            50.1
                        1997           0.481           0.250           0.231            48.0
Canada                  1981           0.370           0.284           0.086            23.2
                        1987           0.387           0.283           0.104            26.9
                        1991           0.405           0.281           0.124            30.6
                        1994           0.419           0.284           0.135            32.2
                        1997           0.417           0.291           0.126            30.2
                        1998           0.441           0.311           0.130            29.5
                        2000           0.429           0.315           0.114            26.6
Denmark                 1987           0.398           0.254           0.144            36.2
                        1992           0.426           0.236           0.190            44.6
                        1995           0.421           0.218           0.203            48.2
                        2000           0.412           0.225           0.187            45.4
                        2004           0.419           0.228           0.191            45.6
Finland                 1987           0.393           0.209           0.184            46.8
                        1991           0.407           0.210           0.197            48.4
                        1995           0.438           0.217           0.221            50.5
                        2000           0.459           0.247           0.212            46.2
                        2004           0.463           0.252           0.211            45.6
France                  1979           0.447           0.294           0.154            34.3
                        1984           0.469           0.298           0.171            36.5
                        1989           0.474           0.287           0.187            39.5
                        1994           0.485           0.288           0.197            40.6
Germany                 1981           0.388           0.244           0.144            37.1
                        1983           0.385           0.260           0.125            32.5
                        1984           0.445           0.268           0.177            39.8
                        1989           0.405           0.257           0.148            36.5
                        1994           0.442           0.273           0.169            38.2
                        2000           0.473           0.275           0.198            41.9
Ireland                 1987           0.500           0.328           0.172            34.4
Netherlands             1983           0.470           0.260           0.210            44.7
                        1987           0.475           0.256           0.219            46.1
                        1991           0.448           0.266           0.182            40.6
                        1994           0.445           0.257           0.188            42.2
                     1999   0.372   0.231   0.141   37.9
Norway               1979   0.364   0.223   0.141   38.7
                     1986   0.352   0.233   0.119   33.8
                     1991   0.374   0.231   0.143   38.2
                     1995   0.400   0.238   0.162   40.5
                     2000   0.403   0.251   0.152   37.7
Sweden               1981   0.411   0.197   0.214   52.1
                     1987   0.428   0.218   0.210   49.1
                     1992   0.461   0.229   0.232   50.3
                     1995   0.459   0.221   0.238   51.9
                     2000   0.447   0.252   0.195   43.6
Switzerland          1982   0.397   0.309   0.088   22.2
                     1992   0.403   0.307   0.096   23.8
                     2000   0.387   0.280   0.107   27.6
                     2002   0.392   0.274   0.118   30.1
UK                   1979   0.396   0.270   0.126   31.8
                     1986   0.476   0.303   0.173   36.3
                     1991   0.476   0.336   0.140   29.4
                     1994   0.502   0.339   0.163   32.5
                     1995   0.503   0.344   0.159   31.6
                     1999   0.498   0.343   0.155   31.1
USA                  1979   0.402   0.301   0.101   25.0
                     1986   0.432   0.335   0.097   22.5
                     1991   0.439   0.338   0.101   22.9
                     1994   0.465   0.355   0.110   23.7
                     1997   0.475   0.372   0.103   21.7
                     2000   0.473   0.368   0.105   22.2
                     2004   0.481   0.372   0.109   22.7

Unadjusted figures
Finland              1987   0.332   0.209   0.123   37.0
                     1991   0.331   0.210   0.121   36.6
                     1995   0.384   0.217   0.167   43.5
Netherlands          1983   0.435   0.260   0.175   40.2
                     1987   0.440   0.256   0.184   41.8
                     1991   0.405   0.266   0.139   34.3
                     1994   0.419   0.257   0.162   38.7
Switzerland          1982   0.382   0.309   0.073   19.1
                     1992   0.376   0.307   0.069   18.4
Table A.2. Shares of fiscal redistribution resulting from taxes and transfers
                               Absolute                                    Relative                Percent Shares of
                         Fiscal Redistribution                       Fiscal Redistribution       Fiscal Redistribution
Country               Year       Total       From       From      Total      From        From
                                             taxes    transfers              taxes     transfers   Taxes
Australia             1981       0.115      0.046       0.069     29.0        11.6        17.4      40.0
                      1985       0.125      0.053       0.072     30.0        12.7        17.3      42.4
                      1989       0.124      0.050       0.074     29.0        11.7        17.3      40.3
                      1995       0.155      0.049       0.106     33.5        10.6        22.9      31.6
                      2001       0.157      0.049       0.108     33.1        10.3        22.8      31.2
                      2003       0.148      0.047       0.101     32.2        10.2        22.0      31.8
Belgium               1992       0.225      0.062       0.163     50.1        13.8        36.3      27.6
                      1997       0.231      0.074       0.157     48.0        15.4        32.6      32.0
Canada                1981       0.086      0.029       0.057     23.2         7.8        15.4      33.7
                      1987       0.104      0.035       0.069     26.9         9.0        17.8      33.7
                      1991       0.124      0.041       0.083     30.6        10.1        20.5      33.1
                      1994       0.135      0.043       0.092     32.2        10.3        22.0      31.9
                      1997       0.126      0.042       0.084     30.2        10.1        20.1      33.3
                      1998       0.130      0.042       0.088     29.5         9.5        20.0      32.3
                      2000       0.114      0.040       0.074     26.6         9.3        17.2      35.1
Denmark               1987       0.144      0.027       0.117     36.2         6.8        29.4      18.8
                      1992       0.190      0.046       0.144     44.6        10.8        33.8      24.2
                      1995       0.203      0.041       0.162     48.2         9.7        38.5      20.2
                      2000       0.187      0.046       0.141     45.4        11.2        34.2      24.6
                      2004       0.191      0.042       0.149     45.6        10.0        35.6      22.0
Finland               1987       0.184      0.053       0.131     46.8        13.5        33.3      28.8
                      1991       0.197      0.048       0.149     48.4        11.8        36.6      24.4
                      1995       0.221      0.054       0.167     50.5        12.3        38.1      24.4
                      2000       0.212      0.046       0.166     46.2        10.0        36.2      21.7
                      2004       0.211      0.046       0.165     45.6         9.9        35.6      21.8
France                1979       0.154      0.032       0.122     34.3         7.0        27.3      20.5
                      1984       0.171      0.016       0.155     36.5         3.5        33.0       9.5
                      1989       0.187      0.020       0.167     39.5         4.2        35.2      10.7
                      1994       0.197      0.018       0.179     40.6         3.7        36.9       9.1
Germany               1981       0.144      0.029       0.115     37.1         7.5        29.6      20.1
                      1983       0.125      0.025       0.100     32.5         6.5        26.0      20.0
                      1984       0.177      0.046       0.131     39.8        10.3        29.4      26.0
                      1989       0.148      0.046       0.102     36.5        11.4        25.2      31.1
                      1994       0.169      0.045       0.124     38.2        10.2        28.1      26.6
                      2000       0.198      0.050       0.148     41.9        10.6        31.3      25.3
Ireland               1987       0.172      0.045       0.127     34.4         9.0        25.4      26.2
Netherlands           1983       0.210      0.040       0.170     44.7         8.5        36.2      19.0
                      1987       0.219      0.050       0.169     46.1        10.5        35.6      22.8
                      1991       0.182      0.021       0.161     40.6         4.7        35.9      11.5
                     1994   0.188    0.042   0.146   42.2    9.4   32.8   22.3
                     1999   0.141    0.044   0.097   37.9   11.8   26.1   31.2
Norway               1979   0.141    0.050   0.091   38.7   13.7   25.0   35.4
                     1986   0.119    0.031   0.088   33.8    8.8   25.0   26.1
                     1991   0.143    0.040   0.103   38.2   10.7   27.5   28.0
                     1995   0.162    0.041   0.121   40.5   10.3   30.3   25.3
                     2000   0.152    0.039   0.113   37.7    9.7   28.0   25.7
Sweden               1981   0.214    0.044   0.170   52.1   10.7   41.4   20.6
                     1987   0.210    0.039   0.171   49.1    9.1   40.0   18.6
                     1992   0.232    0.031   0.201   50.3    6.7   43.6   13.4
                     1995   0.238    0.042   0.196   51.9    9.2   42.7   17.6
                     2000   0.195    0.037   0.158   43.6    8.3   35.3   19.0
Switzerland          1982   0.088    0.021   0.067   22.2    5.3   16.9   23.9
                     1992   0.096    0.015   0.081   23.8    3.7   20.1   15.6
                     2000   0.107   -0.002   0.109   27.6   -0.6   28.2   -2.1
                     2002   0.118    0.002   0.116   30.1    0.5   29.6    1.7
UK                   1979   0.126    0.028   0.098   31.8    7.1   24.7   22.2
                     1986   0.173    0.037   0.136   36.3    7.8   28.6   21.4
                     1991   0.140    0.031   0.109   29.4    6.5   22.9   22.1
                     1994   0.163    0.030   0.133   32.5    6.0   26.5   18.4
                     1995   0.159    0.035   0.124   31.6    7.0   24.7   22.0
                     1999   0.155    0.031   0.124   31.1    6.2   24.9   20.0
USA                  1979   0.101    0.048   0.053   25.0   11.9   13.2   47.4
                     1986   0.097    0.043   0.054   22.5   10.0   12.5   44.3
                     1991   0.101    0.042   0.059   22.9    9.5   13.5   41.2
                     1994   0.110    0.047   0.063   23.7   10.1   13.5   42.7
                     1997   0.103    0.045   0.058   21.7    9.5   12.2   43.7
                     2000   0.105    0.050   0.055   22.2   10.6   11.6   47.6
                     2004   0.109    0.044   0.065   22.7    9.1   13.5   40.4

Unadjusted figures
Finland              1987   0.123   0.053    0.070   37.0   16.0   21.1   43.1
                     1991   0.121   0.048    0.073   36.6   14.5   22.1   39.7
                     1995   0.167   0.054    0.113   43.5   14.1   29.4   32.3
Netherlands          1983   0.175   0.040    0.135   40.2    9.2   31.0   22.9
                     1987   0.184   0.050    0.134   41.8   11.4   30.5   27.2
                     1991   0.139   0.021    0.118   34.3    5.2   29.1   15.1
                     1994   0.162   0.042    0.120   38.7   10.0   28.6   25.9
Switzerland          1982   0.073   0.021    0.052   19.1    5.5   13.6   28.8
                     1992   0.069   0.015    0.054   18.4    4.0   14.4   21.7
  Percent Shares of
Fiscal Redistribution

           Transfers
             60.0
             57.6
             59.7
             68.4
             68.8
             68.2
             72.4
             68.0
             66.3
             66.3
             66.9
             68.1
             66.7
             67.7
             64.9
             81.3
             75.8
             79.8
             75.4
             78.0
             71.2
             75.6
             75.6
             78.3
             78.2
             79.5
             90.5
             89.3
             90.9
             79.9
             80.0
             74.0
             68.9
             73.4
             74.7
             73.8
             81.0
             77.2
             88.5
 77.7
 68.8
 64.6
 73.9
 72.0
 74.7
 74.3
 79.4
 81.4
 86.6
 82.4
 81.0
 76.1
 84.4
102.1
 98.3
 77.8
 78.6
 77.9
 81.6
 78.0
 80.0
 52.6
 55.7
 58.8
 57.3
 56.3
 52.4
 59.6



56.9
60.3
67.7
77.1
72.8
84.9
74.1
71.2
78.3
Table A.3. Social benefits budget size and target efficiency
                                                        Absolute Redistribution via               Relative Redistributio
                               Social benefits size     Pensions, Unemployment &                  Pensions, Unemploym
                              and target efficiency           Other Transfers                           Other Transfers
                               Budget                                                   From
Country              Year       size     Efficiency Pensions Unemp. Other             transfers   Pensions
Australia            1981        8.5       -0.360       0.032      0.008      0.029     0.069       8.1
                     1985        8.4       -0.376       0.034      0.012      0.026     0.072       8.2
                     1989        8.4       -0.389       0.026      0.010      0.038     0.074       6.1
                     1995       12.0       -0.377       0.033      0.015      0.058     0.106       7.1
                     2001       12.0       -0.388       0.033      0.008      0.067     0.108       7.0
                     2003       11.1       -0.404       0.033      0.008      0.060     0.101       7.2
Belgium              1992       22.3       -0.132       0.107      0.025      0.031     0.163      23.8
                     1997       21.7       -0.118       0.107      0.022      0.028     0.157      22.2
Canada               1981        8.5       -0.249       0.026      0.009      0.022     0.057       7.0
                     1987       10.0       -0.234       0.033      0.012      0.024     0.069       8.5
                     1991       12.5       -0.189       0.036      0.017      0.030     0.083       8.9
                     1994       13.0       -0.218       0.042      0.013      0.037     0.092      10.0
                     1997       11.8       -0.217       0.043      0.008      0.033     0.084      10.3
                     1998       12.3       -0.207       0.041      0.009      0.038     0.088       9.3
                     2000       10.5       -0.221       0.038      0.006      0.030     0.074       8.9
Denmark              1987       18.4       -0.055       0.052      0.019      0.046     0.117      13.1
                     1992       19.6       -0.229       0.057      0.029      0.058     0.144      13.4
                     1995       21.3       -0.270       0.067      0.029      0.066     0.162      15.9
                     2000       17.9       -0.321       0.064      0.014      0.063     0.141      15.5
                     2004       18.9       -0.306       0.066      0.015      0.068     0.149      15.8
Finland              1987       19.3       -0.126       0.094      0.005      0.032     0.131      23.9
                     1991       22.6       -0.088       0.103      0.009      0.037     0.149      25.3
                     1995       24.8       -0.140       0.080      0.035      0.052     0.167      18.3
                     2000       23.4       -0.126       0.085      0.015      0.066     0.166      18.5
                     2004       23.2       -0.128       0.091      0.013      0.061     0.165      19.7
France               1979       19.4        0.025       0.077      0.000      0.045     0.122      17.2
                     1984       24.6        0.063       0.098      0.018      0.039     0.155      20.9
                     1989       25.6        0.043       0.106      0.020      0.041     0.167      22.4
                     1994       28.0        0.081       0.116      0.015      0.048     0.179      23.9
Germany              1981       15.7       -0.189       0.085      0.002      0.028     0.115      21.9
                     1983       13.5       -0.240       0.077      0.005      0.018     0.100      20.0
                     1984       16.0       -0.199       0.110      0.005      0.016     0.131      24.7
                     1989       12.5       -0.276       0.081      0.004      0.017     0.102      20.0
                     1994       15.3       -0.236       0.084      0.012      0.028     0.124      19.0
                     2000       19.7       -0.136       0.104      0.010      0.034     0.148      22.0
Ireland              1987       16.5       -0.218       0.021      0.017      0.089     0.127       4.2
Netherlands          1983       18.4       -0.135       0.084      0.022      0.064     0.170      17.9
                     1987       22.4       -0.047       0.080      0.013      0.076     0.169      16.8
                     1991   23.9   -0.007   0.094   0.005   0.062   0.161   21.0
                     1994   20.7   -0.070   0.074   0.009   0.063   0.146   16.6
                     1999   14.1   -0.185   0.051   0.003   0.043   0.097   13.7
Norway               1979   11.8   -0.281   0.000   0.000   0.091   0.091    0.0
                     1986   12.6   -0.237   0.000   0.002   0.086   0.088    0.0
                     1991   14.4   -0.239   0.065   0.000   0.038   0.103   17.4
                     1995   17.0   -0.235   0.070   0.010   0.041   0.121   17.5
                     2000   15.6   -0.246   0.056   0.004   0.053   0.113   13.9
Sweden               1981   26.7   -0.050   0.117   0.006   0.047   0.170   28.5
                     1987   26.9   -0.015   0.126   0.011   0.034   0.171   29.4
                     1992   30.6   -0.027   0.122   0.026   0.053   0.201   26.5
                     1995   29.0   -0.101   0.093   0.033   0.070   0.196   20.3
                     2000   23.5   -0.119   0.076   0.019   0.063   0.158   17.0
Switzerland          1982   8.2    -0.209   0.058   0.000   0.009   0.067   14.6
                     1992   12.8    0.057   0.071   0.003   0.007   0.081   17.6
                     2000   15.7   -0.030   0.090   0.004   0.015   0.109   23.3
                     2002   16.2   -0.048   0.095   0.005   0.016   0.116   24.2
UK                   1979   14.7   -0.213   0.048   0.007   0.043   0.098   12.2
                     1986   17.9   -0.228   0.049   0.008   0.079   0.136   10.3
                     1991   12.8   -0.326   0.041   0.003   0.065   0.109    8.6
                     1994   15.5   -0.303   0.042   0.003   0.088   0.133    8.4
                     1995   14.8   -0.292   0.040   0.002   0.082   0.124    8.0
                     1999   14.3   -0.317   0.042   0.001   0.081   0.124    8.4
USA                  1979   7.3    -0.206   0.027   0.002   0.024   0.053    6.7
                     1986   7.2    -0.205   0.034   0.002   0.018   0.054    7.9
                     1991   8.1    -0.187   0.035   0.003   0.021   0.059    7.9
                     1994   8.6    -0.165   0.038   0.002   0.023   0.063    8.2
                     1997   7.7    -0.181   0.037   0.001   0.020   0.058    7.8
                     2000   8.2    -0.070   0.034   0.001   0.020   0.055    7.2
                     2004   9.9    -0.060   0.036   0.002   0.027   0.065    7.5

Unadjusted figures
Finland              1987   11.2   -0.221   0.033   0.004   0.033   0.070    9.9
                     1991   12.6   -0.176   0.027   0.008   0.038   0.073    8.2
                     1995   17.7   -0.189   0.026   0.033   0.054   0.113    6.8
Netherlands          1983   18.4   -0.135   0.049   0.021   0.065   0.135   11.3
                     1987   17.7   -0.155   0.045   0.013   0.076   0.134   10.2
                     1991   17.3   -0.151   0.051   0.004   0.063   0.118   12.6
                     1994   17.1   -0.148   0.048   0.008   0.064   0.120   11.5
Switzerland          1982   6.5    -0.301   0.043   0.000   0.009   0.052   11.3
                     1992   8.9    -0.056   0.044   0.003   0.007   0.054   11.7
Relative Redistribution via
Pensions, Unemployment &
      Other Transfers

          Unemp.     Other
           2.0        7.3
           2.9        6.2
           2.3        8.9
           3.2       12.5
           1.7       14.1
           1.7       13.0
           5.6        6.9
           4.6        5.8
           2.4        5.9
           3.1        6.2
           4.2        7.4
           3.1        8.8
           1.9        7.9
           2.0        8.6
           1.4        7.0
           4.8       11.6
           6.8       13.6
           6.9       15.7
           3.4       15.3
           3.6       16.2
           1.3        8.1
           2.2        9.1
           8.0       11.9
           3.3       14.4
           2.8       13.2
           0.0       10.1
           3.8        8.3
           4.2        8.6
           3.1        9.9
           0.5        7.2
           1.3        4.7
           1.1        3.6
           1.0        4.2
           2.7        6.3
           2.1        7.2
           3.4       17.8
           4.7       13.6
           2.7       16.0
1.1   13.8
2.0   14.2
0.8   11.6
0.0   25.0
0.6   24.4
0.0   10.2
2.5   10.3
1.0   13.2
1.5   11.4
2.6    7.9
5.6   11.5
7.2   15.3
4.3   14.1
0.0    2.3
0.7    1.7
1.0    3.9
1.3    4.1
1.7   10.8
1.7   16.6
0.6   13.7
0.6   17.5
0.4   16.3
0.2   16.3
0.5    6.0
0.5    4.2
0.7    4.8
0.4    4.9
0.2    4.2
0.2    4.2
0.4    5.6



1.2    9.9
2.4   11.5
8.6   14.1
4.8   14.9
3.0   17.3
1.0   15.6
1.9   15.3
0.0    2.4
0.8    1.9
Table A.4. Poverty scores of private sector and disposable incomes and fiscal redistribution
                                       Private sector income             Disposable Income
Country                 Year        HC         GAP       HC*GAP     HC          GAP       HC*GAP
Australia               1981        22.5        0.85       19.0     11.3        0.64         7.2
                        1985        24.3        0.84       20.3     11.8        0.64         7.6
                        1989        24.9        0.84       20.8     12.2        0.64         7.8
                        1995        28.2        0.88       24.7     11.4        0.64         7.3
                        2001        29.3        0.87       25.5     13.0        0.63         8.2
                        2003        28.6        0.85       24.4     12.2        0.64         7.8
Belgium                 1992        28.6        0.92       26.2      5.2        0.60         3.1
                        1997        32.0        0.91       29.0      8.0        0.63         5.0
Canada                  1981        21.2        0.79       16.7     12.4        0.65         8.1
                        1987        22.8        0.79       17.9     11.4        0.65         7.4
                        1991        23.9        0.80       19.1     11.0        0.64         7.0
                        1994        25.9        0.81       21.0     11.3        0.64         7.2
                        1997        25.8        0.80       20.8     11.9        0.66         7.9
                        1998        26.8        0.81       21.7     12.9        0.66         8.5
                        2000        25.2        0.79       20.0     12.4        0.65         8.1
Denmark                 1987        27.0        0.85       23.0     10.1        0.64         6.5
                        1992        29.3        0.86       25.3      7.2        0.66         4.8
                        1995        28.3        0.86       24.3      5.2        0.61         3.2
                        2000        27.4        0.85       23.4      5.4        0.61         3.3
                        2004        28.0        0.86       24.0      5.6        0.62         3.5
Finland                 1987        24.9        0.84       21.0      5.4        0.62         3.3
                        1991        26.1        0.85       22.2      5.7        0.62         3.5
                        1995        27.5        0.84       23.2      4.2        0.60         2.5
                        2000        30.3        0.86       26.1      5.4        0.60         3.2
                        2004        30.3        0.87       26.2      6.5        0.60         3.9
France                  1979        23.9        0.83       19.9      8.2        0.65         5.3
                        1984        27.8        0.90       24.9     11.5        0.73         8.4
                        1989        27.1        0.89       24.2      8.9        0.68         6.1
                        1994        29.5        0.86       25.3      8.0        0.61         4.9
Germany                 1981        21.0        0.89       18.8      5.3        0.63         3.3
                        1983        21.8        0.82       17.9      5.8        0.60         3.5
                        1984        26.5        0.90       23.8      7.9        0.64         5.1
                        1989        22.5        0.86       19.4      5.8        0.66         3.8
                        1994        27.4        0.86       23.6      8.2        0.65         5.3
                        2000        30.9        0.87       26.8      8.4        0.63         5.3
Ireland                 1987        30.4        0.87       26.6     11.1        0.64         7.1
Netherlands             1983        28.5        0.93       26.6      3.9        0.70         2.7
                        1987        29.0        0.95       27.4      4.7        0.74         3.5
                        1991        29.0        0.91       26.4     6.3         0.71         4.5
                        1994        29.2        0.90       26.4      8.1        0.71         5.8
                        1999        21.4        0.82       17.6      4.9        0.64         3.1
Norway               1979   22.0   0.84   18.6    4.9   0.66    3.2
                     1986   20.7   0.84   17.3    7.2   0.61    4.4
                     1991   22.4   0.82   18.3    6.4   0.62    4.0
                     1995   26.3   0.83   21.7    6.9   0.64    4.4
                     2000   24.9   0.82   20.3    6.4   0.64    4.1
Sweden               1981   28.5   0.85   24.2    5.3   0.65    3.4
                     1987   30.2   0.85   25.6    7.5   0.68    5.1
                     1992   32.9   0.86   28.2    6.7   0.68    4.6
                     1995   32.5   0.83   26.9    6.6   0.72    4.8
                     2000   29.8   0.84   24.9    6.5   0.66    4.3
Switzerland          1982   19.3   0.82   15.9    7.6   0.65    4.9
                     1992   21.7   0.83   18.0    9.3   0.77    7.2
                     2000   21.1   0.83   17.5    7.7   0.65    5.0
                     2002   20.7   0.85   17.5    7.6   0.63    4.8
UK                   1979   23.2   0.85   19.8    9.2   0.62    5.7
                     1986   31.3   0.87   27.2    9.1   0.68    6.2
                     1991   30.3   0.86   26.0   14.6   0.62    9.1
                     1994   32.2   0.87   28.0   10.8   0.62    6.7
                     1995   32.8   0.87   28.7   13.4   0.64    8.6
                     1999   31.9   0.86   27.5   12.5   0.63    7.9
USA                  1979   23.8   0.80   19.0   15.8   0.67   10.6
                     1986   25.0   0.80   20.1   17.8   0.68   12.1
                     1991   26.4   0.80   21.0   18.1   0.67   12.1
                     1994   27.0   0.81   21.8   17.8   0.67   11.9
                     1997   26.2   0.80   20.8   16.9   0.67   11.3
                     2000   25.7   0.78   20.1   17.0   0.67   11.4
                     2004   26.6   0.80   21.2   17.3   0.68   11.8

Unadjusted figures
Finland              1987   19.2   0.74   14.2   5.4    0.62   3.3
                     1991   18.6   0.73   13.6   5.7    0.62   3.5
                     1995   21.6   0.77   16.7   4.2    0.60   2.5
Netherlands          1983   24.5   0.90   22.0   3.9    0.70   2.7
                     1987   24.9   0.91   22.6   4.7    0.74   3.5
                     1991   23.9   0.86   20.7   6.3    0.71   4.5
                     1994   26.7   0.87   23.2   8.1    0.71   5.8
Switzerland          1982   17.6   0.79   13.8   7.6    0.65   4.9
                     1992   18.1   0.80   14.5   9.3    0.77   7.2
 Poverty Reduction
Absolute Percent
  11.8      62.0
  12.7      62.8
  13.0      62.5
  17.4      70.5
  17.3      67.9
  16.6      68.0
  23.1      88.1
  24.0      82.6
   8.6      51.7
  10.5      58.7
  12.1      63.2
  13.8      65.5
  12.9      62.2
  13.2      60.7
  11.9      59.7
  16.5      71.8
  20.6      81.2
  21.2      87.0
  20.1      85.9
  20.5      85.5
  17.7      84.1
  18.6      84.1
  20.7      89.1
  22.9      87.6
  22.3      85.1
  14.6      73.2
  16.5      66.3
  18.1      75.0
  20.4      80.7
  15.4      82.2
  14.4      80.6
  18.8      78.8
  15.5      80.2
  18.2      77.4
  21.5      80.3
  19.5      73.3
  23.9      89.8
  23.9      87.3
  21.9      83.1
  20.6      78.2
  14.5      82.2
15.3   82.6
12.9   74.6
14.3   78.3
17.3   79.7
16.2   79.8
20.8   85.8
20.5   80.1
23.7   83.9
22.1   82.3
20.7   82.8
10.9   68.9
10.9   60.3
12.4   71.3
12.8   72.7
14.0   71.1
21.0   77.3
16.9   65.2
21.3   76.1
20.1   70.1
19.7   71.4
 8.4   44.1
 8.0   39.7
 8.9   42.3
 9.9   45.3
 9.5   45.7
 8.7   43.4
 9.4   44.4



10.8   76.3
10.1   74.0
14.2   84.9
19.3   87.6
19.1   84.6
16.2   78.3
17.4   75.2
 8.9   64.3
 7.4   50.7
Table A.5. Gini indices of private sector and disposable incomes and fiscal redistribution, 25-59 year old household hea
                                                        Fiscal Redistribution
Country                Year      Private Disposable Absolute Relative
Australia              1981       0.348       0.271       0.077       22.1
                       1985       0.365       0.278       0.087       23.8
                       1989       0.375       0.289       0.086       22.9
                       1995       0.409       0.298       0.111       27.1
                       2001       0.428       0.312       0.116       27.1
                       2003       0.410       0.301       0.109       26.6
Belgium                1992       0.347       0.212       0.135       38.9
                       1997       0.375       0.237       0.138       36.8
Canada                 1981       0.331       0.272       0.059       17.8
                       1987       0.344       0.275       0.069       20.1
                       1991       0.369       0.278       0.091       24.7
                       1994       0.374       0.279       0.095       25.4
                       1997       0.373       0.288       0.085       22.8
                       1998       0.399       0.305       0.094       23.6
                       2000       0.392       0.314       0.078       19.9
Denmark                1987       0.305       0.219       0.086       28.2
                       1992       0.337       0.208       0.129       38.3
                       1995       0.338       0.194       0.144       42.6
                       2000       0.328       0.202       0.126       38.4
                       2004       0.338       0.207       0.131       38.8
Finland                1987       0.299       0.188       0.111       37.1
                       1991       0.309       0.187       0.122       39.5
                       1995       0.369       0.204       0.165       44.7
                       2000       0.361       0.231       0.130       36.0
                       2004       0.360       0.234       0.126       35.0
France                 1979       0.378       0.289       0.089       23.5
                       1984       0.386       0.286       0.100       25.9
                       1989       0.384       0.277       0.107       27.9
                       1994       0.387       0.282       0.105       27.1
Germany                1981       0.284       0.229       0.055       19.4
                       1983       0.299       0.248       0.051       17.1
                       1984       0.334       0.259       0.075       22.5
                       1989       0.313       0.247       0.066       21.1
                       1994       0.354       0.269       0.085       24.0
                       2000       0.362       0.262       0.100       27.6
Ireland                1987       0.466       0.322       0.144       30.9
Netherlands            1983       0.385       0.253       0.132       34.3
                       1987       0.381       0.252       0.129       33.9
                       1991       0.352       0.256       0.096       27.3
                       1994       0.360       0.247       0.113       31.4
                       1999       0.309       0.222       0.087       28.2
Norway               1979   0.278   0.204   0.074   26.7
                     1986   0.262   0.209   0.053   20.2
                     1991   0.302   0.213   0.089   29.5
                     1995   0.317   0.217   0.100   31.5
                     2000   0.328   0.234   0.094   28.7
Sweden               1981   0.293   0.185   0.108   36.9
                     1987   0.300   0.191   0.109   36.3
                     1992   0.345   0.201   0.144   41.7
                     1995   0.371   0.196   0.175   47.2
                     2000   0.366   0.237   0.129   35.2
Switzerland          1982   0.310   0.291   0.019    6.1
                     1992   0.328   0.297   0.031    9.5
                     2000   0.305   0.276   0.029    9.5
                     2002   0.306   0.265   0.041   13.4
UK                   1979   0.324   0.255   0.069   21.3
                     1986   0.418   0.304   0.114   27.3
                     1991   0.414   0.326   0.088   21.3
                     1994   0.446   0.337   0.109   24.4
                     1995   0.455   0.346   0.109   24.0
                     1999   0.443   0.340   0.103   23.3
USA                  1979   0.354   0.286   0.068   19.3
                     1986   0.390   0.326   0.064   16.4
                     1991   0.397   0.328   0.069   17.3
                     1994   0.422   0.347   0.075   17.8
                     1997   0.434   0.365   0.069   15.9
                     2000   0.430   0.361   0.069   16.0
                     2004   0.437   0.363   0.074   16.9

Unadjusted figures
Finland              1987   0.281   0.188   0.093   33.1
                     1991   0.289   0.187   0.102   35.3
                     1995   0.355   0.204   0.151   42.5
Netherlands          1983   0.377   0.253   0.124   32.9
                     1987   0.379   0.252   0.127   33.5
                     1991   0.345   0.256   0.089   25.8
                     1994   0.359   0.247   0.112   31.2
Switzerland          1982   0.310   0.291   0.019    6.1
                     1992   0.323   0.297   0.026    8.0
tion, 25-59 year old household heads

								
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