Future of Social Exclusion - PDF by ebi38192


									Future of Social Exclusion

Older people and social exclusion now and in
the future

Paul Cann - Director of Policy and International
Older People’s Social Exclusion Today

Material Poverty:
• Older people are living in poverty – 25% live below the official poverty
• Between one fifth and one third do not claim the Minimum Income
  Guarantee even though they are entitled to it.

Fuel Poverty:
• 44% of the older population live in accommodation that is not in decent
  repair or thermally efficient.
• Excess winter deaths in the UK total between 20,000 and 40,000 every
Older People’s Social Exclusion Today

• Nearly a fifth (19%) of people aged 60 or over worry about
  burglary and 19% worry about "mugging".
• 43% of people aged 60 and over feel unsafe walking alone in
  their area after dark. 10% feel unsafe in their home after dark.

Health Inequalities:
• The life expectancy of a man aged 65 in the non-skilled manual
  worker social classification is three years less than his
  counterpart in the skilled professional group.
“Older People” are changing – new
In the future there will be more older people:
• By 2050 nearly a quarter of the population will be of pensionable

But today longevity remains a class issue:
• In 1999 the difference in life expectancy between a man aged 65
  in Social Class I and his counterpart in Social Class V was 4.1
• For women the gap is even more pronounced.
“Older people” are changing - diversity

In the future older people will be more ethnically diverse:
• 42% of the Black Caribbean population are aged 35-64 – they are
  tomorrow’s older people.

But today black and minority ethnic older people face particular
• Help the Aged’s study in deprived areas found 77% of Somali
  older people living in poverty (compared to 38% of white people).
• BME groups are more at risk from crime and report poorer health.
“Older people” are changing – households

In the future more people will live alone:
• It’s estimated that 40% of households in the country will consist of
  just one person by the end of the decade;

But today living alone goes along with living in poverty:
• Single people make up the majority of poor pensioners.
“Older people” are changing - money

In the future people will have smaller pensions:
• People are not saving for their retirement – older people in future
  may be more dependent on the state.
• By 2050 the basic state pension will be worth only 7% of average
  national earnings.

But today poverty is a major cause of exclusion:
• Poor older people are at greater risk of becoming a victim of
  crime, and face social isolation.
“Older people” are changing – different
In the future we will be different:
• There will be a larger older lesbian, gay and bisexual community.
• We will have greater cultural diversity.

But today differences divide us:
• Community cohesion is breaking down, leading to isolation.
• Older people of different cultures and older lesbian gay and
  bisexual people can be particularly isolated due to social stigma.
What is the role for Government?

 To ensure that social exclusion is not an
         inevitable part of ageing
Tackling Older Exclusion – Where?

The older poor may not live in the same places as the younger
Help the Aged commissioned Oxford University to identify areas
 were there were high proportions of older people living on low-

Amongst the top 30 districts, within which there are high levels of
 deprivation, are several which do classify as Neighbourhood
 Renewal Areas, these include Blyth Valley, North East
 Lincolnshire, High Peak and Havant.
Tackling Older Exclusion – Addressing

• Older people’s needs in the future will be more diverse.
• Older people cannot be treated as a single group – their diversity
  must be acknowledged.
• Social exclusion will remain a reality unless these diverse needs
  can be met.
Tackling Older Exclusion – Opportunities

In the future older people will have a range of skills:
• They will be better qualified – by 2015 the proportion of older
  people with no or only minimum qualifications will have fallen to
  13% from 27.6% in 1995.
• They will have broader range of experiences – they will have
  moved jobs and received more training.
But today age discrimination is a real barrier:
• 1 in 4 older people say they have experienced it.
• The Government must tackle it through equality legislation.
Tackling Older Exclusion - Opportunities

In the future older people will be healthier:
• People will have more healthy years.

But health inequalities can leave people excluded:
• Age discrimination remains a problem in the health service –
  there are still age barriers for some services.
• The Government is tackling this through the National Service
  Framework for Older People.
Tackling Older Exclusion - Opportunities

Older people are an asset to their communities:
• Older people show commitment to their communities.
• Older people want to give – they are twice as likely to volunteer or
  help others informally that those under 25.

But today this contribution is sometimes ignored:
• Official statistics ignore older people’s contribution - The 2001
  Census form assumed that no one aged 75 or over worked for
  money or voluntarily.
• The Government must tackle this through the initiatives like the
  Experience Corps.
A key challenge

Help the Aged’s study of older people in socially deprived areas
 was conducted in areas in receipt of Neighbourhood Renewal
 Funding – but the social exclusion we uncovered amongst older
 people was pronounced..

Why are existing efforts to tackle social exclusion failing to reach
 the older excluded?
Pointers for action

• Make age equality a reality – an equal approach to all ages
  across Government policies – education, employment, services,
• Make sure policies for social inclusion meet older people’s needs.
• Guarantee the means to life – make sure people are entitled to
  basic means to live and that they get it – we cannot get away
  from the key issue of material disadvantage as a catalyst to
• Give older people a real voice to shape policy – make
  consultation more than just lip service.

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