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					   And the textbook is … free?
Intro to Open Educational Resources

            Barbara Illowsky
            De Anza College
            Student View
College expenses:
   Student fees
   Books & supplies
What are
Open Educational Resources?
 High quality educational content and tools

 Freely available from the internet,
 anytime, anywhere

 Available in multiple languages


 Usable and re-usable
What are Open Textbooks?
 Openly-licensed (Creative Commons) textbooks offered
 online by its author(s)
 Open license sets open textbooks apart from traditional
 textbooks by allowing users to read online, download, or
 print the book at no cost
 Licensed in a way that grants a baseline set of rights to
 users that are less restrictive than standard copyright
What are Open Textbooks?
 Minimum baseline rights usually allow
 users to:
    Use the textbook without charge
    Copy the textbook, with appropriate credit to the
    Distribute the textbook non-commercially

 Many creators also grant rights to:
    Add, remove or alter content in the textbook
    Copy and distribute the textbook without
    giving credit to the author/creator
    Use the textbook commercially
         Textbooks you use
Pick one textbook for one course:
   Edition/revision cycle?
   Revisions necessary?
 Open Textbooks
Over 250 open textbooks identified,
catalogued, and listed on CCCOER
  site and in MERLOT Collection
and print


 Buy hard

Click here to
print out

Navigate table
of contents

Key term links to
     Opportunities for Teachers
       and Learners - Cost

Publisher: Wiley            Open: Connexions & QOOP
Downloadable version:       Downloadable & online
$77.50                      versions: FREE
Printed bound version:      Printed bound version:
$141.95 new; $110.25 used   $31.95 new
                       2008 - 2009
       One course, one OER text, one
             college*, one year:

    Estimated student savings of over

* Elementary Statistics using Collaborative Statistics at De Anza College
  in 2008-09 academic year
 Academic Senate for CA CCs paper:
  Textbook Issues: Economic Pressures
         and Academic Values
Adopted Spring 2005
2) Faculty should consider and encourage all means to
  control (reduce) the cost of textbooks and materials
  that do not compromise academic freedom or
  educational quality, such as:
 … using, where possible, materials in public domain
 as well as free courseware; …
CA AB 2261 by Ira Ruskin
 Section 1 (b) states that “Community colleges
 need to take greater advantage of open education
 resources, especially for basic skills and general
 education classes, including, but not limited to,
 algebra, that use course content that remains
 generally unchanged over time.”
   OER: CA CCs Board of
Governors Recommendations
 Clarify language in articulation policies for student transfer
  related to digital textbooks and learning materials.
 Recommend that the System Office work with CSU and UC to
  change language related to textbooks in transfer and articulation
  agreements to clarify that digital textbooks of high quality or
  equivalent digital learning materials are acceptable
  substitutes for commercial textbooks for transferable
 Recommend and request that the ASCCC initiate a discussion
  of processes to accommodate digital textbooks and learning
  materials with their UC and CSU counterparts.

                      May 5-6, 2008 Recommendations to Reduce Textbook Costs to
                                            Promote Student Access and Success
      A Global Perspective:

 Educators worldwide are developing a vast
pool of educational resources on the Internet,
open and free for all to use. These educators
 are creating a world where each and every
person on earth can access and contribute to
      the sum of all human knowledge.
Community College Consortium
for Open Educational Resources


     FHDA grant-funded by Hewlett Foundation
CCCOER Membership
Opportunities for Teachers
and Learners - Accessibility

 Free access online
 Free access offline (PDF)
 Accessible via PC + web-enabled
 Print out part or all
 Purchase a hard copy
    Opportunities for Teachers
       and Learners - Use
                           Tailored content
 Navigate and view
                           Students and teachers
  content with ease         as co-creators of
 Modify, mix and remix     knowledge
  content to meet          Enhanced engagement
  individual and            and interaction with
  classroom needs           materials
                           Increased student-
 Communicate with          student, teacher-
  peers around content      teacher, and teacher-
 Join workgroups with
  peers around content      around curriculum
          Benefits of OER
☺ Lowers the costs of educational
 materials for students
☺ Fosters pedagogical innovation and
 relevance that minimizes
 “teaching from the textbook”
☺ Gives faculty tools to gain control over
 learning content and delivery
         Benefits (cont.)
☺ Share and remix learning materials
 for customized and localized use

☺ Fast feedback loop on quality and
 relevance of learning materials =>
 continual improvement and rapid
The customization

Customized Open Textbook
Collaborative Statistics Textbook Adopters
   2008-2009 Academic Year
                                         Fall 2009 (new adopters)
      Arkansas Tech University          New York
  South Carolina                            Borough of Manhattan
      Converse College                      Community College
  California                            California
      CSU Dominguez Hills                   Cabrillo College
      De Anza College                       College of the Canyons
      Sacramento City College               Lake Tahoe Community College
      San Diego Mesa College                Santa Rosa Junior College
      San Francisco State U             Massachusetts
  Maryland                                  Berkshire Community College
      Frederick Community College       Michigan
  Canada                                    Eastern Michigan University
      St. Mary's Collegiate Institute   Washington
  New York                                  South Puget Sound Community
      SUNY - Purchase College               College
  Colorado                              Washington, D.C.
      University of Colorado                Howard University
      University of Toledo
      Virginia Tech University
        Return on Investment

Cost savings to students
Provides faculty with opportunities to share and
remix learning content for customized and
localized use
  Supports low-cost crowd-sourcing of content translation
  to other languages
Fast feedback loop on quality and relevance of
learning content
  Supports continual and improvement and rapid
  Supports greater diversity of peer reviewers
        Return on Investment

Demonstrates advantages of open licensing

Models a culture of knowledge sharing

  Elementary Algebra & Fundamentals of Math by Wade Ellis and
  Denny Burzynski

     Creators gave their out-of-print textbooks a CC-By open license
     $23,000 each to scan, convert to OCR, modularize

  Applied Finite Mathematics by Rupinder Sekhon

     Creator gave his existing content on website a CC-By open license
  How can you get involved?

Adopt an OER
Send CCCOER membership info to your
VPI or president
 Contact me for more information or go to