Document Sample
Guidance Powered By Docstoc
					Guidance and Definitions for Interagency Biofuels/Bioenergy Activities Template

Individual listing of projects is not required. Do not include programs funded prior to FY 2000.
For program funding, if a program was completed prior to FY 06, list annual average for the program's duration.

The following definitions are provided to assist with the completion of the Interagency Biofuels/Bioenergy Activities Template. Descriptions are given for both technology
platforms and feedstocks.

Relevant Technology Platforms
Feedstocks (Resource Availability and Infrastructure)
The feedstocks platform covers the development of new, sustainable agricultural and feedstock infrastructure technologies and methods that will be required to supply biomass
feedstocks to future large-scale biorefineries. This could include harvesting, transportation, preprocessing (grinding, compaction), and storage (wet, dry) technologies.
Feedstock development such as plant breeding to improve drought tolerance, fertilizer requirements, or yields, and improved biomass farming practices (e.g., new crop
rotation, fertilizer and water management practices) are also included.

Biochemical Conversion
The biochemical conversion platform includes fundamental and applied R&D for producing low-cost sugars or fatty acids using enzymes or microorganisms, and subsequent
conversion of these intermediate products to fuels and co-products. Technical areas in this platform could include pretreatment; enzymatic hydrolysis; saccharification
(improved cellulase and hemicellulase enzymes); and development of robust biocatalysts or reactor systems.

Thermochemical Conversion
The thermochemical conversion platform consists of fundamental and applied R&D for the development of cost-effective, efficient, thermochemical technologies for converting
lignocellulosic biomass and biomass-derived biorefinery residues to intermediate products such as syngas and pyrolysis oil. Pyrolysis oil or other thermochemically-derived
biomass liquids can be used directly as fuel or as intermediates for production of high-value chemicals and materials. Liquifaction of solid biomass by pyrolysis, hydrothermal
liquefaction, or other thermochemical technologies is included in this platform, along with biomass gasification to produce syngas for further conversion to liquid fuels or

Technology Integration, Deployment and Permitting for Biorefineries
This platform covers the integration and deployment of technologies and processes in the biorefinery, and includes issues of permitting, siting, financing, demonstration, and
other elements related to deployment. Technologies integrated in the biorefinery could come from both conversion platforms (biochemical, thermochemical), as well on-site
produced biopower.

Biofuels Infrastructure
This platform includes all downstream infrastructure (from plant gate to vehicle technology) for distribution and delivery of biofuels and other bioderived products.
Intermediaries (refiners, blenders, chemical producers) as well as end-use distributors (e.g., service stations) of biofuels are included. This encompasses pipelines, storage
facilities, pumping stations, water and waste treatment, transport by rail or water, and a myriad of related infrastructural requirements. Infrastructure associated with feedstock
production, storage and transport is included in the Feedstock platform.

(Continued below)
Feedstock Categories

Woody Energy Crops
Woody energy crops, such as hybrid poplar and willow, are grown specifically to be feedstocks for bioproduct and bioenergy pr ocesses. Forest thinnings and other forest
residues from the forest products industry are covered in the forest resources feedstock area.

Agricultural Residues
Agricultural residues are the left over plant components from crop production such as corn stover, wheat straw, rice straw/hu lls, sugarcane bagasse, and cotton gin trash.

Natural Oils
Natural oil feedstocks include oil directly derived from oilseed crops as well as recycled fats and greases.

Perennial Herbaceous Energy Crops
Perennial herbaceous energy crops include grasses such as switchgrass, wheatgrass, elephant grass (also known as napier grass ), and sorghum. Sorghum is included here
as long as it is grown as a bioenergy crop and not for its grain; if it is grown for its grain and the straw is used as a bio energy feedstock, then it is considered an agricultural

Forest Resources
Forest resources consist of residues from current logging activities, such as logging slash, forest thinnings, and understory brush, as well as biomass byproducts from the
pulping process. Pulping process byproducts include black liquor and hemicellulose recovered upstream of the pulp digester.
Interagency Biofuels/Bioenergy Activities Summary
                                                                                       Major Elements
                                                                                          Related to                    Relevant                          ~Annual Funding Prior Year(s)
                                                 Type of                               Biomass and/or    Bioenergy     Technology          Relevant                                  f    Authorizing
  Federal Agency/                                                Brief Program                                                                              FY 06, FY 07    Funding
                                                        a                                           b             c                 d                 e                                             g
Funding Department     Program Name/URL          Activity         Description             Bioenergy      Category     Platform(s)        Feedstocks          (million $)   (million $)    Legislation     Contact Data

                                                             R&D and analysis in
                                                                                                                                        grain and oil
                                                             the areas of
                                                                                       Harvesting and                                   crops (corn, soy
                                                             harvesting and
                     OBP                                                               collection of                                    beans, etc)                                                     202-586-9210
                                                             collection, storage and                    Biofuels (but                                     FY 06 = 0       FY 04 - 1.7
DOE/EERE             ( Applied R&D                             dedicated                      Feedstocks        agricultural                                                    sam.tagore@ee.
                                                             preprocessing, with a                      could be all)                                     FY 07 = ?       FY 05 - 1.3
                     gov/biomass/)                                                     biomass                                          residues                                              
                                                             focus on feedstock
                                                                                       feedstocks                                       (bagasse, stover,
                                                             quality and
                                                             consistency issues.


a  Classify as one of the following: Basic Science, Applied R&D, Demonstration/Validation, Technology Transfer/Deployment, Communications/Education/Outreach, or Policy/Regulation.
b  List the specific elements of this work that are related to bioenergy (e.g., biocatalysis for converting plants into chemicals; grain harvesting for dedicated fuel production).
c  List all that apply: Biofuels, Bioproducts, Biopower
d  Select from the following platforms: Feedstocks, Biochemical Conversion, Thermochemical Conversion, Technology Integration/Deployment and Permitting for Biorefineries, or Biofuels Infrastructure
   (see Guidance Tab for definitions)
e Select from the following feedstock categories: Woody Energy Crops, Agricultural Residues, Natural Oils, Perennial Herbaceous Energy Crops, and Forest Resources; include the specific
  feedstock types covered, e.g.,corn stover, switchgrass, hybrid poplar, forest thinnings, etc.(see Guidance Tab for definitions)
f Provide historical funding for several years prior if possible, but no further back than FY 2000. If a program was completed prior to FY 06, make note of the year and list annual average funding.
g List authorizing legislation for this specific activity, if any (e.g., Farm Bill, EPAct 2005)