WHAT IS THE MIGRANT EDUCATION PROGRAM WHO ARE MIGRANT WORKERS by maclaren1

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									                                                 The national migrant population is made up of
        WHAT IS THE                              diverse ethnic groups. In Indiana, ninety-eight               WHAT MAKES A
     MIGRANT EDUCATION                           percent of all the migrant population is                     CHILD ELIGIBLE?
                                                 Hispanic with the other two percent being
         PROGRAM?                                white non-Hispanic. The majority of the
                                                 families are home based in Texas, Florida,
                                                 California, and Mexico. There are, however,          To qualify for the Migrant Education
Migrant Education is a national program that     some families that consider Indiana to be their      Program, a migrant child must have
provides supplemental education and support      home base.                                           moved within the past three years across
services to more than 825,000 eligible                                                                state or school district lines with a migrant
migrant children each year. These services                                                            parent or guardian to enable the child, the
help children of migrant workers overcome                                                             child’s guardian, or a member of the
the disadvantages they face, including                   WHY GIVE SPECIAL                             immediate family (including a spouse) to
disruption to their education.                                                                        obtain employment in an agricultural,
                                                         HELP TO MIGRANT                              fishing, or food processing activity. The
The Migrant Education Program grew out of                   CHILDREN?                                 child may be in any grade between
the Title I program of Public Law 89-10,                                                              preschool and 12th grade and from ages
passed in 1965, to help all disadvantaged                                                             three but not older than twenty-one years.
children. Because migrant children have          Most school programs, including those
some needs that are different from those of      supported by Title I, are set up on a nine-          Migrant children are classified as either
other children, they require special help and    month academic calendar. However, when               interstate or intrastate based upon their
services. For this reason, the Migrant           migrant children move with their families, their     relocation history. An interstate migrant
Education Program was established                education - as well as their lives - is disrupted,   child is one who has moved within the
separately by an amendment to Title I in         often many times a year. Migrant children            past three years from one state to another
1966. The Title I, Part C, law to continue the   may come from large families with inadequate         with his/her family to find qualifying work.
Migrant Education Program has been               living space and low incomes. Poor nutrition,        An intrastate migrant child is one who has
reauthorized every five years since that time.   housing and sanitary conditions may cause a          moved within the past three years to
 The latest reauthorization was in the No        high incidence of health problems. Migrant           another school district, but from within the
Child Left Behind Act of 2001.                   children may have limited English skills and/or      same state.
                                                 little experience with success at school.

                                                 These problems, combined with irregular
       WHO ARE MIGRANT                           school attendance, often lead to overall
         WORKERS?                                frustration and low academic performance,
                                                 causing many migrant children to drop out of
                                                 school in their teens. Because they are poorly
                                                 prepared for and have little knowledge of other
Migrant workers seek temporary or seasonal
                                                 kinds of work, migrant young people usually
work in agriculture, fishing or related
                                                 face a high risk of unemployment or become
industries, including food processing. They
                                                 part of the migrant labor force.
follow the growing seasons across the
country and are largely responsible for the
                                                 However, these children can be helped to
cultivation and harvest of fruits, vegetables
                                                 enjoy school and overcome their difficulties.
and many other food products. Many migrant
                                                 Through the Migrant Education Program, they
workers have an average income below the
                                                 can achieve an education and develop self-
national poverty line.
                                                 confidence and self-esteem.
      INDIANA MIGRANT
    EDUCATION PROGRAM

    Indiana Department of Education
      English Language Learning &
            Migrant Education
           151 West Ohio Street
        Indianapolis, IN 46204-2798
   Tel (800) 382-9962 or (317) 232-0555
         Fax (317) 234-2121 - Main

                   Staff
        Lauren Harvey, Coordinator

       Alyson Luther, ELL Specialist
        Kristen Perry, ELL Specialist
       Olga Tuchman, ELL Specialist
 Sarah Mullin, Migrant Education Specialist
  Janie Duke, Migrant Education Specialist
María González, Migrant Education Specialist
                                                 INDIANA
 Doris Waters, Migrant Education Specialist
                                               Title I, Part C
                                                MIGRANT
                                               EDUCATION
                                                PROGRAM
                                                A Harvest of Hope for
                                                  Migrant Children
                                                         &
                                                  The Communities
                                                    Where They
                                                   Live and Learn

								
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