Web Hosting top 10 tips by krupa77


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									                  Web Hosting - Ten Basic Tips


This page contains a testimonial of my extremely poor experiences with a particular web host,
drawing upon these experiences to highlight ten basic rules for choosing a web host. The aim of
the page is to help prevent you from making the same mistakes I did.

So what is a web host? A web host is a company which provides a valuable service on the
Internet: the physical storage and distribution of website pages on behalf of website owners.
Basically they provide the hardware and software, and website owners provide the information.
For a certain fee, the web host agrees to rent website owners space on their server, and the
accompanying bandwidth they provide for Internet users the world over to download web pages
from their server.

I threw this page together as another resource on TweakGuides.com to help out potential
webmasters in perhaps choosing a web host more wisely than I first did. A wrong choice can
have terrible consequences for your website and its reputation. Keep the following in mind if
you're considering purchasing web hosting services on the Net.

Ten Basic Rules

Suffice it to say, Oktagone.net is the web hosting company which kicked off the creation of this
page. Their absolute lack of professionalism, and the (almost irreparable) damage they did to
TweakGuides.com still makes me angry, and it's been quite a while since I escaped their
clutches! We will use Oktagone to neatly demonstrate what makes a truly terrible web host.

The basic story goes like this: I was looking for a web host in April 2004 for my new site
TweakGuides.com. As with most websites, things start out small, so I didn't want to invest in a
dedicated server package costing hundreds of dollars per month. I just wanted some cheap but
reliable shared web hosting (that is my site would be on the same server as many other websites,
lowering costs). Oktagone was recommended to me because they were cheap and supposedly
reliable. Basic Rule Number One - Never rely on one or two pieces of advice when purchasing
hosting services. Aside from the fact that people may not really know what they're talking about,
nothing replaces decent research when choosing a web host. Some unscrupulous hosting
companies even resort to joining forums under pseudonyms and then giving their own services
glowing testimonials to con unsuspecting potential customers (though I am not suggesting
Oktagone.net did this).

So I joined Oktagone in April 2004 and instantly noticed the unprofessional setup - they had no
formal billing system. You had to PayPal your monthly fee to them, without any way of
checking your account balance, the actual service you had purchased, when your next bill was
due (or overdue) etc. In fact at one point I upgraded my service (and paid extra) yet still got the
old service for a month or two until I noticed the difference in my bandwidth allowance. Basic
Rule Number Two: - Never rely on a web host which can't even automate or administer the
most important aspect of a business: billing and payments!

Then there were the outages...long and short. Sometimes only a couple of hours, sometimes a
day or two. Basic Rule Number Three: - Never ever rely on a web host which has "mysterious"
outages frequently, always promising that it is "just a glitch". Your website relies on a smooth
and consistent presence on the Internet to be successful. Would you frequent a supermarket or a
bookstore which had odd trading hours and/or which regularly closed down without any word of
why? Unreliable web hosts can cause irreparable damage to your website's traffic. Of course if
you actually earn revenue from your site, this can be even worse - you will lose income,
sometimes for days a time, and you won't be able to do a thing about it since the web hosting
company controls if and when your site comes back online.

After many months of problems with Oktagone, there was a relatively stable period during which
my site flourished. I topped 200,000 unique visitors a month, millions of hits and a reputable
presence on the Internet. I thought things were good because I didn't have any hosting problems
to damage my growing reputation. I now know this was the calm before the storm. Oktagone had
a final blow lined up for my site: Oktagone was actually a reseller - that means they bought
services from another company, and resold it at a profit. It turns out Oktagone did not pay their
own bills for two months in a row, so the main company simply shut down all their servers. I
suddenly found my site was offline and inaccessible without a single word of warning, without
any explanations. It remained offline for around two days, until which time I found this thread on
the WebHostingTalk Forums, detailing the debacle which had befallen all of Oktagone's US-
based customers. Within a day of the thread appearing, Oktagone sent out an official email
saying that the problem was due to a "power outage in New York", and that a technician was on
the way to resolve problems within 36 hours. Needless to say this was a blatant lie, and
Oktagone's owner later admitted - when confronted with the facts by the reseller on
WebHostingTalk Forums - that he had simply not paid his bills and the servers had been shut

So some more things to note: Basic Rule Number Four: - If your host goes down for more than
24 hours, start getting very worried. This is not normal, and if you have had no warning, and no
explanation, it is even worse. At this point start shopping for another webhost immediately. That
is precisely what I did on the 2nd day. Basic Rule Number Five: - If you do receive a story
about why your site is down, try to corroborate it with other people on the same host. Use the
WebHostingTalk Forums for example to search for and/or post a question on whether the web
host is down and why. Don't trust the web host to tell you the truth about the situation, and don't
just sit and wait. Basic Rule Number Six: - Once your site is down for several or more days,
don't wait - switch your host. Simply put, if your web host hasn't taken steps to protect against
long outages by having appropriate emergency backup systems, then you need to get away from
them ASAP. In Oktagone's situation, their outright lying was bad enough, but the fact that they
left some of their customers offline for over two weeks (!) means that I will never trust them
again, especially given they still maintain the same owner.

I was very lucky to get away from the situation relatively unscathed. I shopped around for, and
quickly found another cheap (but more reliable) host called HostingOnNet.com. I was able to do
so thanks to some simple precautions: Basic Rule Number Seven: - Always back up your
website regularly to your own PC. I made daily backups of every page, picture and file I
uploaded to my site onto my hard drive, so my backup was literally up-to-date and readily
accessible. Others hosted on Oktagone were not so lucky, and had to rely on the generosity of the
reseller to turn the servers back on for a while so they could backup their data. Incredibly, during
this period Oktagone actually went out of their way to prevent customers backing up their data,
which was thwarted by the reseller which owns the servers.

However one of the most important tips is a common mistake made by people new to web
hosting: Basic Rule Number Eight: - Never register your domain name through your web host.
This is the single biggest problem Oktagone customers ran into. Those that had also purchased
their domain name through Oktagone couldn't switch to another web host with their existing
domain names. Why? Because the Oktagone Domain Name Servers were offline, meaning that
the addresses to which the domain names pointed to couldn't be changed! This meant that some
sites were down for a week or two or more with no recourse whatsoever. Luckily I had registered
TweakGuides.com through another domain name seller than my web host (Godaddy.com), a very
smart thing to do and strongly recommended.

Ok so what happened in this situation. What was the permanent damage through all this
melodrama? For starters I had a lot of concerned people trying to contact me during what was a
peak period in my site's usage wondering what had happened. Yet of course because my site was
physically offline, they couldn't email me. I couldn't put up any form of notice to tell them why
TweakGuides.com was now inaccessible. Two days of this was bad enough, but two weeks
would have broken my site's back. Some unscrupulous people had already tried during earlier
outages to rip off my guides and host them on their own sites with the explanation
"TweakGuides.com is no longer online, so we are 'archiving' their guides." Gee, how generous of
them - all without my permission of course. I lost a few dollars as well because I'd paid in
advanced, and despite assurances of getting a refund, to date Oktagone has not returned a cent,
nor responded to my emails politely requesting a refund. This is despite the fact that I did not use
one day of the months' hosting I paid for, and that they had already said they would pay me a
refund (in principle) on the WebHostingTalk forums. Another telling sign of what kind of people
run these sort of businesses, and my Basic Rule Number Nine: - Never pay in advance for
hosting, even if it entails a large discount. You may find you lose all your money if/when the
host goes down forever, and/or if they decide simply not to refund you. Consumer protection
agencies may help you recover your money, but for small sums below a few hundred dollars
you're going to spend more money trying than the amount you'd ever get back. Pay for your
hosting by the month, and do it through a Credit Card so you can always cancel the payment if
need be, or turn to the Credit Card company's fraud protection mechanisms to prevent losing
large amounts of money.

The whole experience was very unpleasant, and for a site like TweakGuides.com which is still
firming its reputation around the Net, one which I would have gladly done without. I hope the
information above helps you decide on an appropriate web host. I personally did a fair bit of
research before finding another host after Oktagone, although being placed in a pressure situation
(i.e. my site was already down for two days) didn't help. My final rule is simple Basic Rule
Number Ten: - Don't wait until something bad happens - if you're not happy with your current
host, start researching for a better host straight away. Even if you decide to stay with your
current host, at least you will have some options in case some emergency comes up and you have
to switch at short notice. Never make the decision in a pressure situation as you're likely to just
switch to another poor quality host.
Well, that's pretty much it from me. I got to tell my story, and hopefully provide ten basic tips at
the same time! Hope you found it handy.

Update on Oktagone: People who have been unfortunate enough to recently sign up with
Oktagone are still running into terrible problems, including loss of income. I strongly
recommend you steer completely clear of Oktagone Hosting. As you can see, if you find
negative accounts of web hosts from the past, chances are they haven't changed much in the
intervening period - once a bad host, always a bad host.

Update on my Hosting

Due to the growing popularity of my site, and the demands it places on a host, I now use Virtual
Private Server hosting. I tried DEHE.com for a few months, and unfortunately their setup wasn't
stable. Site load - and hence responsiveness - would fluctuate noticeably for no apparent reason,
and then there were several outages which although due to hardware failure, were just too much
for me to deal with. Although the support was good, and the owners were genuinely trying to
resolve problems, it became embarrassing to explain to my readers why the site was constantly
slow or offline, so I left DEHE.com after a few months.

Now I am hosted by EuroVPS who have provided a much more stable server configuration - no
doubt due to their greater experience and skills with VPS technology. My site load is consistent,
even though I am now getting the most traffic I've ever had. The site never becomes totally
unresponsive or extremely slow, and their support is very professional and resolve problems
quite fast. Though they are not the cheapest around, they are definitely worth the money.
Remember, Cheapest is not always the best choice. You get what you pay for, so if having a
stable presence on the Internet is important to you, spend a few extra bucks or you may find you
get more problems than you bargained for.

Koroush Ghazi



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