Roma and equal Access to Education by wwr69367

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									Roma and equal Access to
      Education
  From segregation to integrated schooling



          Brussels, 28-29 April 2006




            www.gitanos.org
                Content

1. The Fundación Secretariado Gitano (FSG)

2. Spain’s Education System

3. Education and the Roma Community in
   Spain
The Fundación Secretariado Gitano

  Non-profit inter-cultural social organisation

  Mission: the social advancement of the Roma
   community based on respect for cultural identity.

  Activity:
    Provision of services to the Roma community
    Training, counselling, awareness-heightening
            The Fundación Secretariado
                     Gitano


Direct beneficiaries
 of our actions
 (2005): 70,000

Work centres
 throughout Spain:
 60
             The Fundación Secretariado
                      Gitano



 Workers: over 728
       (2005)
              The Fundación Secretariado
                       Gitano
 International cooperation: 14 countries.
                  Spain´s Education System
 Integrated schooling.

 Education: two types of teaching:
      General Education: basic voluntary and compulsory
       Education.

      Specialised Education: Artistic Education, Language
       Education, Education leading to the Sport Technician
       Certificate.

 Adult Education: basic education for adults and
  vocational training.
                   Characteristics of Educational
                              System
 Integrated schooling

 Compulsory Education: free of charge

 Grants to defray student expenses: meals, transport, books, school
  material.

 University scholarships.

 Specific compensatory programmes (temporary measures)

 Teacher´s training

 Programmes targeting NGOs and other organisations.
   UNIVERSITY
                          Advanced Training
                               Cycles




                                                 EMPLOYMENT
  BACHILLERATO
      Ages: 16-18
                         Intermediate Training
   Academic years: 2            Cycles

    COMPULSORY
SECONDARY EDUCATION          Professional
        (E.S.O)          Initiation Programs
     Ages: 12- 16.              Age: 16
                           * 2 academic years
PRIMARY EDUCATION
       Ages: 6-11
                              A.C.E.S*
 PRE-SCHOOL (INFANT     (Aulas de Compensación
     EDUCATION)                Educativa)
    Ages: from 0 to 5
                               Age: 15
                     The Roma Community in
                            Spain
 Sedentary
 Approximately: 650,000
 40% under the age of 16
 45% reside in the south of Spain (Andalusia)
 Heterogeneity and diversity
 Identity based on a common origin and tradition, shared
  beliefs, values, philosophy of life and a yearning to be
  recognised as Roma
 Fewer than 30 years: access to housing local plans
 High percentage characterised by deficiencies in areas:
  education, housing, health care, fostering of their culture and
  identity.
                    Education and the Roma
                          Community
 Level of schooling of Roma Community below that of
  other social groups.

 Illiteracy: higher in the case of women.

 Repercussions: fail to take advantage of opportunities.

 Enrolment of Roma children: fruit of efforts. They are
  reaching levels of education superior to those of their
  parents.

 Small group going to finish high school and university (250
  at university).
                    Education and the Roma
                          Community

 Difficulties:

       Irregular attendance
       Problems in conforming to certain routines at school.
       Come to class without necessary school material.
       Relations between families and schools are
        insufficient.
       Absenteism at the age of 12-13, especially the girls.
                   Education and the Roma
                         Community

 Causes:
   A large number of families fails to give the same importance
    to schooling.
   Expectations: “Knowing how to read and write is quite
    enough”.
   Educational is basically the responsibility of the family.
   They feel that the school will fail to teach their children
    Roma values.
   The school represents a cultural majority and a type of
    society that makes it difficult for ethnic minorities.
                       Education and the Roma
                             Community
 Degree of educational mainstreaming of the Roma
  population in Spain (Nation-wide study 2000-2001)


30                     27

25                                                    22
                      18,1             19
20      17
       15,4                                          15,4
15                    17,7
                                      10,8
       14,13                                         13,2                           8
10                                                                   7
                                      10,6                                          3,8
                                                                     3
5

0                                                                    2,5            2,9
     1. Access   2. School pace,     3. Social    4. Terms of    5. Familiy     6. Right to
                  routines and     Interaction       school     participation   difference
                      rules                      achievement

     Normative punctuation                   Study year 1994               Study year 2001
                                   Education and the Roma
                                         Community
 Educational status of Roma students at Compulsory
                 Secondary Education
                      200



                            60.7
                      175
                             %
 Number of students




                      150




                      125




                      100

                                      56.3
                       75
                                       %
                            39.3
                       50
                             %               50
                                      43.7   %
                                                    36.6
                       25
                                       %     50     63.4
                                             %       %
                        0

                             1st       2nd    3rd    4th
                  men        119       58     31     15
                  women      77        45     31     26
                         Roma population and
                            employment
 A comparative study (FSG 2006)

                              6.3
    Secondary or                                                           61.6
    more
                                           22.4
         Primary                            23.1

                                                                         58.2
       No studies                   12.8
                                    13.1
       Illiterate       2.5

                    0   10          20        30          40   50   60          70


                                2001 census        Roma

								
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