MILLENIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS
Adopted by the General Assembly in 2000 with the objective of achieving them by 2015.
1. Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger
Reduce by half the proportion of people living on less than one U.S. dollar a day.
Reduce by half the proportion of people who suffer from hunger.
Increase the amount of food for those who suffer from hunger.
2. Achieve universal primary education
Ensure that all boys and girls complete a full course of primary schooling.
Increased enrollment must be accompanied by efforts to ensure that all children remain in school and receive a
3. Promote gender equality and empower women
Eliminate genders disparity in primary and secondary education preferably by 2005, and at all levels by 2015.
4. Reduce child mortality
Reduce the mortality rate among children under five by two thirds.
5. Improve maternal health
Reduce by three quarters the maternal mortality ratio.
6. Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other diseases
Halt and begin to reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS.
Halt and begin to reverse the incidence of malaria and other major diseases.
7. Ensure environmental sustainability
Integrate the principles of sustainable development into country policies and programmes; reverse loss of
Reduce by half the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water.
Achieve significant improvement in lives of at least 100 million slum dwellers, by 2020.
8. Develop a global partnership for development
Develop further an open trading and financial system that is rule-based, predictable and non-discriminatory.
Includes a commitment to good governance, development and poverty reduction—nationally and internationally.
Address the least developed countries’ special needs. This includes tariff- and quota-free access for their
exports; enhanced debt relief for heavily indebted poor countries; cancellation of official bilateral debt; and more
generous official development assistance for countries committed to poverty reduction.
Address the special needs of landlocked and small island developing States.
Deal comprehensively with developing countries' debt problems through national and international measures to
make debt sustainable in the long term.
In cooperation with the developing countries, develop decent and productive work for youth.
In cooperation with pharmaceutical companies, provide access to affordable essential drugs in developing
In cooperation with the private sector, make available the benefits of new technologies—especially information
and communications technologies.
CURRENT PEACEKEEPING MISSIONS
Name of Operation Location Conflict
United Nations Mission for the
Moroccan occupation of
1991 Referendum in Western Sahara Western Sahara
United Nations Organization Mission in Democratic
1999 the Democratic Republic of the Congo Republic of Second Congo War
United Nations Mission in Ethiopia and Eritrea
2000 Eritrean-Ethiopian War
Eritrea (UNMEE) Ethiopia
United Nations Mission in Liberia Second Liberian Civil
United Nations Operation in Burundi
2004 Burundi Burundi Civil War
United Nations Operation in Côte
2004 Côte d'Ivoire Civil war in Côte d'Ivoire
United Nations Mission in the Sudan Second Sudanese Civil
United Nations Stabilization Mission in
2004 Haiti 2004 Haiti rebellion
United Nations Military Observer Group
1949 India & Pakistan Indo-Pakistani Wars
in India and Pakistan (UNMOGIP)
United Nations Integrated Mission in
2006 East Timor 2006 East Timor crisis
United Nations Peacekeeping Force in
1964 1 Cyprus Cyprus dispute
United Nations Observer Mission in
1993 Georgia Abkhazian War
United Nations Interim Administration
1999 2 Kosovo Kosovo War
Mission in Kosovo (UNMIK)