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					                        International Development at the IIIS
                                 Annual Report 2007
In 2007, the Institute for International Integration Studies (IIIS) has broadened its research agenda
to include the economic growth and poverty reduction challenges of developing countries. With
the support of a significant philanthropic donation, the IIIS, along with the School of Social
Sciences and Philosophy and the School of Business, has appointed two new professors:
Professor      of     International       Business     and       Development           Frank         Barry
(http://www.business.tcd.ie/staff/fbarry/index.html)
and Professor of International Financial Economics
and         Development         Patrick        Honohan
(http://www.tcd.ie/Economics/staff/phonohan).          In
addition, two new Senior Research Officers for
International Development, Sharon Jackson and
Michael King, were appointed in 2006 and 2007
respectively. When combined with Trinity’s existing          Professor Patrick Honohan (left) and Professor
                                                                 Frank Barry (right) – Trinity’s two newly
expertise, these appointments have facilitated a                  appointed Professors of International
                                                             Development gave their inaugural lectures on
number of significant research projects addressing            3rd April 2008. The event was chaired by the
                                                                 CEO of Concern, Tom Arnold (centre).
finance for development, lessons from Ireland’s
experience of globalisation and policy coherence for development (PCD). Additional areas of
international development research based at the IIIS include international business, institutional
capacity and development, international debt and gender and HIV/AIDS. Each of these research
projects is making a unique contribution to Ireland’s support for the millennium development
goals (MDGs).


Finance for Development
Patrick Honohan’s work focuses on financial stability and financial access in developing
countries. His book (with Thorsten Beck) on African financial systems Making Finance Work for
Africa was launched early in 2007. It analyzes the evolution of financial systems across sub-
Saharan Africa, with a view to improving the contribution of finance to growth and poverty
reduction. The coherent policy approach adopted in the book leads to a challenging of some
conventional orthodoxies on a range of issue from regulation of banking to the organization of
microfinance. Since he began at Trinity in April, Patrick has made public presentations in
London, Abuja (Nigeria), Freetown (Sierra Leone) and Livingstone (Zambia) drawing on the
research findings of Making Finance Work for Africa. He also completed work on a major survey


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of worldwide research on access to finance: its extent and its impact on growth and poverty
reduction. This work, jointly with Asli Demirgüç-Kunt and Thorsten Beck, has been published as
Finance for All? Policies and Pitfalls in Expanding Access.


Patrick was the moderator of the opening session “The Stylized Facts of Financial Access” at a
workshop organized in November by the Center for Global Development in Washington DC
which brought together central bank governors, senior officials of development agencies and
prominent academics to discuss the challenges of improving financial access worldwide. Helped
with funding from the World Bank, the IIIS is building an observatory of household surveys
covering financial access and the research papers built on these surveys.


Meanwhile, the global financial crisis has brought issues of financial stability and financial
regulation to the fore. In November, Patrick Honohan presented an analysis of the emerging
situation in terms of the worldwide experience of banking crises in developing countries (“Banks
in Trouble – Same Old Story or Something New?”) at a workshop organized in Colchester by the
British Universities’ Money, Macro and Finance Workshop. He also presented his work in
progress on bank regulation in developing countries in London and Paris.


Lessons from Ireland’s Experience of Globalization
Along with colleagues at the ESRI, Patrick Honohan and Frank Barry are embarking on a study
of how Ireland has turned globalization to national advantage with a view to drawing lessons for
developing countries. This new three-year project has been funded by a grant from IRCHSS for
which the team successfully applied in the autumn.

Policy Coherence for Development (PCD)
Under the leadership of Professor Alan Matthews, the IIIS embarked on a four year Policy
Coherence for Development research programme funded by the Advisory Board for Irish Aid in
2007. The first project under the framework agreement began in July and consisted of a scoping
exercise across all Irish Government Departments to ascertain policy incoherence and potential
areas where policy enhancement could take place that would improve Ireland’s contribution to
achieving the Millennium Development Goals. Research trips to Helsinki, Brussels, The Hague,
Maastricht and London were undertaken by the project team to learn from other EU
administrations about their experience of PCD. Led by Frank Barry, Alan Matthews and Michael
King, the scoping exercise is due for completion in the first half of 2008. In November, Alan



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Matthews addressed the Inter Departmental Committee on Development on the progress made
with the scoping exercise. The scoping research with recommendations for policy changes across
all Government departments is due for publication in summer 2008.


In December 2007, the second project under the ABIA framework was agreed. The project team
consists of Dr Jim Kinsella (UCD), Professor Alan Matthews (IIIS/TCD), Dr Deirdre O’Connor
(UCD) and Professor Jim Phelan (UCD). Involving extensive fieldwork in two Irish Aid partner
countries, Tanzania and Malawi and partnerships with Sokoine University of Agriculture and the
Bunda College of Agriculture respectively, the team will conduct four separate strands of
research. The project will monitor the next stages of CAP reform and its implications for
development, assess the food security impacts of EPAs, investigate how to translate market
access into pro-poor growth and examine policy coherence issues in agriculture aid delivery.


Institutional Capacity and Development
Professor Frank Barry’s current research interests include the area of institutional capacity and
development and, over the course of the year, Barry delivered numerous seminar presentations on
elements of this theme. Presentations were made to a European Commission/Joint Vienna
Institute Conference on “Economic Governance and Sustained Growth in the Balkans” (March
15); at the ICEG European Centre and the Institute of Economics of the Hungarian Academy of
Sciences in Budapest (March 19); at the Institute of Social Studies in The Hague ( June 7); at a
Workshop on “IT-Enabled Services - Opportunities for Developing Countries” at the World Bank
(June 14); at the Institute of International Affairs of the University of Iceland (September 14); at
the University of Helsinki (September 28); at the Centre for Irish and Scottish Studies at the
University of Aberdeen (November 16-17); and at a conference on “Economic Growth, Labour
Market Performance and Public Policy” at the University of Copenhagen (November 22). He
spent several weeks in Tanzania as a resource person for the African Economic Research
Consortium and formulated strategies with Irish Embassy officials for future co-operation on
development projects. He later wrote a press release for the embassy on possible lessons for
Tanzania from the Irish economic miracle, which was released to coincide with the visit of
Taoiseach Bertie Ahern in January 2008. With a colleague, he delivered an eight-day training
programme in International Trade and the Global Economy for officials of the Irish Department
of Foreign Affairs. He was also the key TCD resource person involved in a joint bid with the
Institute of Public Administration for funding of research capacity building in the area of public
administration and development.


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International Business
In 2007 Frank Barry continued his research in the area of international business. Publications of
Barry’s that appeared in 2007 included a book with Rosemary Healy-Rae, under the editorship of
Donal de Buitléir, on Implications of the European Court of Justice Decisions on Ireland’s
Corporation Tax Regime. The book was launched by Minister of Finance Brian Cowen at the
Institute of European Affairs in July 2007. Journal publications included papers in the
International Journal of Technology Management and the Scandinavian Economic History
Review, while book chapters appeared in Foreign Direct Investment in Europe: A Changing
Landscape (proceedings of a conference held at the National Bank of Austria), published by
Edward Elgar, and in Ireland 2022: Towards One Hundred Years of Self-Government, published
by the Institute of Public Administration. Barry was also discussant on a paper presented to the
ESRI/Foundation for Fiscal Studies Budget Perspectives Conference on October 23 and served as
an external expert at a European Commission workshop on “The Knowledge Economy,
Economic Transformation and ICT” on October 25.


International Debt
In late 2007 IIIS published the book 'Perspectives on International Debt', edited by Constantin
Gurdgiev, Sharon Jackson and Colm Kearney. This volume of collected papers was produced by
the Trinity Debt Project, a multi-disciplinary study of international debt problems in developing
countries and the search for innovative solutions. In 2008, the IIIS will host a conference panel
session 'Challenges for Financial Sector Research in Developing Countries' at the 6th INFINITI
Conference, at which the book will be launched.


Gender and HIV/AIDS
Sharon Jackson’s research interests focus on HIV and AIDS in eastern and southern Africa, the
epidemic of gender-based violence in development contexts and global health more generally. In
2007, she published an article in the international peer-reviewed journal Violence Against
Women, on intimate partner violence and HIV risk in South Africa, and represented TCD at the
Development’s Futures conference in NUI Galway in November, where she presented work on
HIV, gender and empowerment in Tanzania. She gave a guest lecture to MSc in Global Health
students on gender and HIV. She has been awarded a networking grant from Irish Aid and the
Health Research Board on HIV and its link to gender-based violence in Tanzania, Ethiopia and
Zambia. She is the only academic serving on the steering committee of the Joint Consortium on
Gender Based Violence, a unique group of 13 Irish human rights, humanitarian and development



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agencies and Irish government agencies (Irish Aid and the Defence Forces) who have joined
together to promote the adoption of a coherent and coordinated response to gender based violence
in international settings, including Darfur. During 2007 she initiated a research project with
partners from the Consortium and directed the launch of their new website www.gbv.ie, which is
a substantial resource for those working in the area.


Public Lectures
In terms of public outreach, the IIIS co-organised the 2007 Millennium Development Goals
(MDG) lectures series with Development Studies, which featured international speakers such as
Paul Hunt, Cynthia Enloe, Ha-Joon Chang and Gill Greer and local speakers Justin Kilcullen and
Ambassador of Ethiopia Zerihun Retta Shumye. With NUI Maynooth Anthropology Department
and Connect-World, the IIIS co-hosted a lecture in November 2007 on rural poverty and
journalistic conscience by renowned Indian editor Palagummi Sainath, which gained significant
media attention.


Complementary Developments at Trinity
2007 saw a number of significant advancements for international development at Trinity College
Dublin. In 2007 an audit of international development related activities took place across the
entire University. The audit was managed by Sharon Jackson and finally published in February
2008. See here for details of the audit.


The University formally established the cross-faculty Trinity International Development Initiative
(TIDI) in November 2007. An interim board was established that involved IIIS development
personnel, Professor Patrick Honohan and Sharon Jackson.




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