POLS 2300 Political Ideologies Fall 2008 MW 6 00-7 20pm OSH 111

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					                           POLS 2300: Political Ideologies
                                    Fall 2008
                                MW 6:00-7:20pm
                                    OSH 111
Instructor: Jessica Taverna
Office: OSH 252B or OSH 323
Phone: 581-3241
Email: jessica.taverna@poli-sci.utah.edu
Office Hours: Wed 5:00-6:00pm (held in OSH 323) or by appointment

Course Description
This course offers an introduction to the major political ideologies that have shaped, and
continue to shape, modern politics and political societies. “Political ideologies” are the
overarching ideas concerning how societies can and should live. Ideologies such as liberalism,
conservatism, socialism, environmentalism, etc. serve to transform abstract ideas into concrete
political and social action. These ideas, at their best, offer individuals tools with which to engage
the status quo and make sense of our social and political environments; at their worst, ideologies
can constrain individuals and reinforce singular, one-dimensional conceptualizations. This
course engages with various political ideologies in both their positive and negative

Course Objectives
Students completing this course should develop a familiarity with major ideologies, past and
present, and be able to recognize the real-world political and social implications of these
ideologies. “Ideologies” are not relegated to the realm of philosophical pondering, but have
definite and substantive impacts on our actions, our political institutions, and our social and
political relationships. Thus, a primary objective of this course is to encourage and enable
“political thinking”—a reflective stance toward the world that enables a person to evaluate and
participate in politics. This course promotes the melding of political theory—thinking deeply
about principles and values—and political praxis—applying those principles and values to
reality. This is challenging work, and I encourage you to ask questions frequently, discuss these
ideas in and out of class, and read carefully and thoughtfully.

Students are expected to think critically, abstractly, and concretely about political principles and
philosophies. Part of thinking critically involves opening your mind to the claims of ideologies
with which you may not agree. An objective for this course is that students will be able to a)
consider both the strengths and weaknesses of the ideology to which they subscribe or which
most closely fits their worldview, enabling them to more fully articulate their ideological
perspectives, AND b) comprehend and appreciate the strengths and weaknesses of various
ideologies, even those with which they may have strong disagreements.

Finally, another objective of this course is to provide students with the resources with which to
more fully and deeply examine American politics—our political institutions, political parties,
and the political participation of American citizens.
Required Texts and Readings
      Terence Ball and Richard Dagger, Political Ideologies and the Democratic Ideal, 7th
      Edition (2009) (designated as “B&D” in schedule of readings)
      Terence Ball and Richard Dagger, Ideals and Ideologies: A Reader, 7th Edition (2009)
      (designated as “Reader” in schedule of readings)
      Additional readings on electronic reserve (designated with an asterisk (*) in the schedule
      of readings)

Course Assignments
Quizzes: There will be 3 quizzes during the semester. These quizzes will be designed to take
       about 20-30 minutes, a bit longer than your average short quiz but not nearly as long as
       an exam. Each quiz will be worth 12% of your grade. The quiz dates are: Mon 9/22, Wed
       10/22, and Mon 11/17.

Paper: The paper assignment will allow students to directly engage in the process of bringing
       together political theory and political practice. Students will select a current political
       controversy—examples include but are certainly not limited to: healthcare, climate
       change, socioeconomic inequalities, same-sex marriage, etc—and analyze the issue from
       the perspective of one of the political ideologies we will discuss. Further paper
       instructions and guidelines will be given out later in the semester.

       The paper should be 5-7 double-spaced pages (roughly 1400-2000 words). In addition to
       the final paper, all students are required to submit a paper proposal that briefly outlines a)
       the selected political controversy and b) the selected political ideology. The paper
       proposal will be worth 5% and the final paper worth 25% of your course grade. Paper
       proposal due date: Wed, November 5th (by email). Paper due date: Wed, December 3rd
       (due in class).

       Any student who wishes to receive comments on a draft of their paper must turn the draft
       in to me NO LATER THAN Wednesday, November 19th (though you can turn one in
       earlier). I will make every effort to return drafts to students within a week of receiving

Final Exam: The final exam will consist of short-answer questions of various lengths (ranging
       from 1-2 word answers to 4-5 sentence answers). The final exam will be worth 34% of
       your grade. The final exam will be given on Mon 12/15 at 6pm in our regular classroom
       (OSH 111).

Assignment                        Date                              Contribution to Grade
Quiz #1                           Mon, September 22nd               12%
Quiz #2                           Wed, October 22nd                 12%
Paper Proposal                    Wed, November 5th (EMAIL)         5%
Quiz #3                           Mon, November 17th                12%
Paper Draft (OPTIONAL)            No later than Wed, Nov 19th       n/a
Paper                             Wed, December 3rd, in class       25%
Final Exam                        Mon, December 15th, 6-8pm         34%
Important Policies

Key Dates: Please take note of the dates for all assignments in this course, as indicated above and
reiterated in the “Schedule of Readings and Assignments” below. If you anticipate conflicts with
more than one of these dates, you should reconsider whether this class truly fits your schedule.
Please pay particular attention to the date/time of the final exam (which is being given on the
University-designated date and time-block for this class).

Make-Up Policy: In order to take a quiz or exam at an alternative date or time to that indicated in
the syllabus, you MUST make arrangements with me PRIOR TO the day of the quiz/exam. No
make-up quizzes/exams will be given without this prior discussion, except in cases of genuine
emergencies (for example, those related to the health/safety/welfare of you or a loved one). In
case of such an emergency, you MUST contact me by phone and email as soon as you know that
you will unexpectedly miss a quiz or exam.

Late Papers: Except in cases of documented emergencies, all late papers will be marked down
one-third of a letter grade (i.e., for a paper that is one day late, the maximum possible grade will
be an A-; for two days, a B+, etc).

Attendance: While attendance does not factor directly into your grade, it can certainly have an
impact. Attendance and participation will be considered when reviewing the final grade for any
student who is “on the cusp” between two grades. More than this, however, solid attendance is
important for your overall performance in this class. Reading assignments will be built on and
supplemented by lecture and discussion, which means if you miss class, you may miss out on
helpful explanations of the readings and may even miss material that is not covered directly in
your textbooks. Having tracked the relationship between attendance and course performance in
each of the classes I have taught, I can tell you unequivocally: on average, those who attend
class regularly receive a better grade than those with poor attendance records.

Writing Assistance: There is absolutely nothing wrong with seeking help with your writing;
indeed, even the best writers (academic and otherwise) seek feedback and commentary on their
works-in-progress. At a minimum, you should plan to revise, edit, and fine tune your papers
before turning them in to me. Having someone other than you read over drafts is an excellent
way to ensure clarity and coherence in your writing, as well as catch sometimes difficult-to-spot
errors. However, some students may wish to go beyond this kind of informal assistance, and for
that purpose the University Writing Center is a great resource. I encourage all students to
consider working with someone from the Writing Center—the tutors can help you with both
substantive content and structural issues. The Writing Center is located on the 2nd floor of the
Marriot Library (www.writingcenter.utah.edu; 801-687-9122).

Plagiarism/Cheating: The University of Utah’s policies pertaining to Academic Misconduct and
Dishonesty will be carefully observed and strictly enforced in this class. This policy can be found
in the General Catalog and online at http://www.admin.utah.edu/ppmanual/8/8-10.html. It is your
responsibility to know and follow these rules. Anyone caught cheating on an exam or
plagiarizing on an assignment will automatically fail that assignment and may fail the entire
Disabilities: The University of Utah and the Department of Political Science seek to provide
equal access to its programs, services, and activities for people with disabilities. If you will need
accommodations in this class, reasonable prior notice needs to be given to the Center for
Disability Services, 162 Union Building, 581-5020 (V/TDD), www.disability.utah.edu. CDS will
work with you and the instructor to make arrangements for accommodations.

Extra Credit: There are NO extra credit opportunities in this class. So no, you cannot write
another paper, attend election-related events, or have a conversation about ideology with your
grandmother and get extra points in the class. Your grade will be based on the assignments as
designated on the syllabus.

Miscellaneous/Pet Peeves: You must arrive on time and stay until the completion of class. Cell
phones and pagers must be turned off or silenced. You must bring your textbooks and other
assigned readings to class with you.

Schedule of Readings and Assignments
***NOTE: Readings are to be finished by the date at which they appear on the schedule***

Week One

8/25: Course Introduction

8/27: NO CLASS—Jessica Taverna at APSA Conference

Week Two

9/1: NO CLASS—Labor Day

9/3: Ideology: The Concept
Reading:       B&D, Chapter 1
               Reader, Carver, “Ideology: The Career of a Concept”

Week Three

9/8: Democracy: The Concept
Reading:     B&D, Chapter 2

9/10: Democracy of the Ancients
Reading:     Reader, Euripides, “Democracy and Despotism”
             Reader, Pericles, “Funeral Oration”
             Reader, Aristotle, “Democratic Judgment and the ‘Middling’ Constitution”

Week Four

9/15: Democratic Republicanism
Reading:      Reader, Machiavelli, “What’s Wrong with Princely Rule?”
              Reader, Tocqueville, “Democracy and Equality”

9/17: American Democracy
Reading:      Reader, Adams, “What is a Republic?”
              *Selections from Federalist Papers (#10, 47, 48, 51)

Week Five

9/22: Liberalism: Overview
***QUIZ #1***
Reading:       B&D, Chapter 3 pp. 45-71

9/24: Liberalism: Classical
Reading:       Reader, Hobbes, “State of Nature and the Basis of Obligation
               Reader, Locke, “Toleration and Government”
               Reader, Mill, “Liberty and Individuality”
Week Six

9/29: Libertarianism
Reading:       B&D, Chapter 3 pp. 71-92
               Reader, Allen, “Paternalism vs. Democracy: A Libertarian View
               Reader, Rothbard, “Libertarian Anarchism”

10/1: Welfare Liberalism
Reading:      Reader, Green, “Liberalism and Positive Freedom”
              *Begin reading for 10/6 and 10/8

Week Seven

10/6: Modern Conceptions of Liberty
Reading:     *Berlin, “Two Concepts of Liberty”

10/8: Response to Berlin
Reading:      *Taylor, “What’s Wrong with Negative Liberty”

Week That Doesn’t Count

10/13: NO CLASS—Fall Break

10/15: NO CLASS—Fall Break

Week Eight

10/20: Introduction to Conservatism
Reading:       B&D, Chapter 4
10/22: Classical Conservatism
***QUIZ #2***
Reading:       Reader, Burke, “Society, Reverence, and the ‘True Natural Aristocracy’”
               Reader, Wordsworth, “The Poet as Conservative”

Week Nine

10/27: Modern Conservatism
Reading:     Reader, Oakeshott, “On Being Conservative”

10/29: American Conservatism
Reading:     Reader, Bork, “Modern Liberalism and Cultural Decline”
             Reader, Kristol, “The Neoconservative Persuasion”
             Reader, Antle, “The Conservative Crack-Up”

Week Ten

11/3: Intro to Socialism and Communism
Reading:        B&D, Chapter 5
Jessica Taverna in New Mexico—guest lecturer TBA

11/5: NO CLASS
Jessica Taverna in New Mexico

Week Eleven

11/10: Marxism
Reading:     Reader, Marx and Engels, “The Communist Manifesto”
             Reader, Marx, “On the Materialist Conception of History”

11/12: Communism and Socialism after Marx
Reading:    B&D, Chapter 6
            Reader, Bernstein, “Evolutionary Socialism”
            Reader, Lenin, “Revisionism, Imperialism, and Revolution”

Week Twelve

11/17: Fascism
Reading:      B&D, Chapter 7
***QUIZ #3***

11/19: Fascism
Reader:       Reader, Mussolini, “The Doctrine of Fascism”
              Reader, Rocco, “The Political Theory of Fascism”

Week Thirteen

11/24: Environmentalism
Reading:      B&D, Chapter 9

11/26: Considering the Spectrum of Environmentalism
Reading:      *Eckersley, “Exploring the Environmental Spectrum”
Week Fourteen

12/1: Environmental Advocates and Ideologies
Reading:      Reader, Leopold, “The Land Ethic”
              Reader, Berry, “Getting Along with Nature”
              Reader, Foreman, “Putting the Earth First”

12/3: The Future of Environmentalism?
Reading:      *Selection from Shellenberger and Nordhaus, Death of Environmentalism
              *Pope, “Environmentalism is so not dead!”

Week Fifteen

12/8: Religion and Political Ideology
Reading:       B&D, Ch. 4 (revisit pp. 116-120), Ch. 8 (pp. 239-241), Ch. 10 (pp. 281-284), Ch.
               11 (pp. 298-299)
               Reader, Dobson, “Standing Strong in a Confused Culture”
               Reader, Gutierrez, “Liberation Theology”
               Reader, Khomeini, “The Necessity for Islamic Government”

12/10: Course Wrap-Up and Review
Reading:      B&D, Chapter 11

Final Exam Week

12/15: EXAM
***FINAL EXAM—6:00-8:00PM***