“Optimal Treatment Processes of Lignocelluloses for Bioethanol by bxk16778

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									               Facultad de Ciencias
               Físicas y Matemáticas
                                                       WORKSHOP
               Facultad de Ciencias
                   Forestales

                  Vicerrectoría de                                                        Programa Bicentenario
UNIVERSIDAD       Investigación y
  DE CHILE                                                                                de Ciencia y Tecnología
                     Desarrollo




              “Optimal Treatment Processes of Lignocelluloses
                         for Bioethanol Production”
                                                March 24-28, 2008


Date: March 24-28, 2008
Place: Centre for Biochemical Engineering and Biotechnology, University of Chile.
Address: Beauchef 861, Santiago
e-mail: agarcia@uchile.cl
Phone: 9782729

Organizing Committee:
María Elena Lienqueo, Centre for Biochemical Engineering and Biotechnology, University of Chile
Oriana Salazar, Centre for Biochemical Engineering and Biotechnology, University of Chile
Alejandro García, Vice Presidency of Research and Development, University of Chile

International speakers:
Dr. Jyri-Pekka Mikkola, Åbo Akademi University, Finland
Dr. Dmitry Murzin, Åbo Akademi University, Finland
Prof. Timo Jääskeläinen, University of Joensuu, Finland


                                                   Programme:

March 24
Facultad de Ciencias Físicas y Matemáticas, Beauchef 861, Santiago

Chairman: Dr. Juan Asenjo de Leuze, Centre for Biochemical Engineering and Biotechnology, University of Chile
9:30: Welcome
10:00-13:00 Meeting with Domeyko Programme Energy Group, University of Chile, Place Sala Multimedia I
13:00-14:30 Lunch
14:30-15:30 CIBYB Lab Visit
16:00-18:00 Lectures Place: Multimedia I
    1. “TOWARDS FUTURE BIOREFINERY” by Prof Jyri-Pekka Mikkola and Prof. Murzin
    2. Introduction to Åbo Akademi University, Åbo-Turku, Finland by Prof Jyri-Pekka Mikkola and Prof. Murzin
    3. Introduction to Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden by Prof Jyri-Pekka Mikkola and Prof. Murzin
18:00 Return to hotel
March 25
Facultad de Ciencias Forestales, Santa Rosa 11.315 La Pintana, Santiago

Chairman: Dr. Alejandro García M., Vice Presidency of Research and Development, University of Chile.
10:30-13:00 Lectures, Place: Sala de Videoconferencias, Biblioteca Central, Campus Antumapu
    1. “USE OF BIO- PRETREATMENT WITH WHITE ROT FUNGI (WRF) IN ORDER TO STIMULATE A SELECTIVE
       REMOVAL OF LIGNIN” and Research project introduction. Dr. A. García, Universidad de Chile.
    2. “TOWARDS FUTURE BIOREFINERY” by Prof Jyri-Pekka Mikkola and Prof. Dmitry Murzin
    3. Introduction to Joensuu University by Prof Timo Jääskeläinen
    4. Introduction to Åbo Akademi University, Åbo-Turku, Finland by Prof Jyri-Pekka Mikkola and Prof. Murzin
    5. Introduction to Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden by Prof Jyri-Pekka Mikkola and Prof. Murzin

13:00-14:30 Lunch
14:30-15:30 Lab Visit
16:00-18:00 Private meeting for coordinating project activities
18:00 Return hotel

March 26
Facultad de Ciencias Físicas y Matemáticas, Beauchef 861, Santiago

10:00-13:00 Private meeting for coordinating project activities Place Meeting Room DIQ-BT (Beauchef 861)
13:00-14:30 Lunch
14:30-15:30 Lab Visit
16:00-17:00 Lectures Room Multimedia I.
Chairman: Dr. Oriana Salazar, Centre for Biochemical Engineering and Biotechnology, University of Chile.
    1.   “IONIC LIQUIDS” by Prof Jyri-Pekka Mikkola
    2.   Introduction to Joensuu University by Prof Timo Jääskeläinen
    3.   Final structure of the Sustainable Energy call program by Prof. Timo Jääskeläinen
    4.   “OPTICAL MEASUREMENT AND ANALYSIS TECHNIQUES FOR BIOETHANOL INSPECTION” by
         Timo Jääskeläinen
17:00-17:30 Coffee break
18:00 Return to hotel

March 27
10:00-13:00 Private meeting for coordinating project activities
13:00-14:30 Lunch
Travel to Concepción
List of Participants

Finland
Jyri-Pekka Mikkola         Academy Research Fellow       Laboratory of Industrial               jpmikkol@abo.fi
                                                         Chemistry, Process Chemistry
                                                         Centre, Faculty of Technology,
                                                         Åbo Akademi University
Dmitry Murzin              Professor, Head of the        Laboratory of Industrial             dmitry.murzin@abo.fi
                           Centre                        Chemistry, Process Chemistry
                                                         Centre, Faculty of Technology,
                                                         Åbo Akademi University
Timo Jääskeläinen          Professor                     Deparment of Physics,            timo.jaaskelainen@joensuu.fi
                                                         University of Joensuu
Chile
Oriana Salazar                Assistant Professor               CIBYB,University of Chile      orsalaza@ing.uchile.cl
Juan Asenjo                   Professor                         CIBYB,University of Chile      juasenjo@ing.uchile.cl
René Carmona                  Assistant Professor               University of Chile             recarmon@uchile.cl,
Alejandro García              Researcher                        University of Chile              agarcia@uchile.cl
Ricardo Silva                 Assistant Professor               University of Chile
Maria Elena Lienqueo          Associate Professor               CIBYB,University of Chile      mlienque@ing.uchile.cl
Francisco Gracia              Assistant Professor               DIQ-BT,University of Chile      fgracia@ing.uchile.cl
                              Postgraduate students and         CIBYB,University of Chile
                              undergraduate students



                                           Summary of Lectures
Towards future biorefinery
The drive towards more sustainable way of life has increased tremendously during the recent times. Under the
threat of global warming and ever increasing oil prices the switch towards bio renewable economy is under way.
Total energy balance is all that matters: if an alternative technology superficially leads to reduced emissions
whereas the energy use, taking into account all stages in the process, is extended beyond current practice,
there is little to gain. Western societies, comprising of the industrialized economies, predominantly in the
northern hemisphere, follow an individualist behavior, which manifests itself from childhood as “Everything:
today, now, and for me”. Serious concerns arise: Is this really a sustainable way of living? Are we not able to
see the end of this road already now? Can we still make a difference?
We will discuss the different aspects of biorefinery, especially from the viewpoint of the Nordic forest biorefinery
initiative.

Ionic liquids
Ionic liquids have long been hailed as the future of green chemistry - can they live up to their promise? Ionic
liquids (ILs), or more precisely ‘room temperature’ molten salts can be seen as a new and fascinating class of
solvents and materials. Due to many potential cation-anion combinations, zwitterions or deep eutectic mixtures,
the number of undiscovered liquid ionic melts is huge. Their application areas are numerous, besides the use as
solvents, other areas of technology ranging from chemistry and biochemistry to separation, energy and materials
technologies as well as to chemical engineering. As sample natural application areas of these novel liquid salts
and eutectics serve chemical engineering, catalysis and biomaterials processing. Some green aspects of bio-
ionic liquids and biomaterials processing in ionic liquids can be summarized as follows: alternatives for today’s
volatile, even toxic molecular solvents; cleaner and more efficient processes; novel materials and process
concepts; improved recyclability, biodegradability and sustainability of chemical industry.

Optical measurement and analysis techniques for bioethanol inspection
Optical properties of bioethanol will be investigated by measurement of spectra from the samples. Using the
optical data it is possible to assess the color, density and turbidity of the bioethanol. The color is obtained from
the transmission spectra, and density is obtained either by a reflectometer or an ellipsometer, which provide the
refractive index of the liquid. The refractive index is directly proportional to the density of the liquid. Turbidity of
the bioethanol is obtained by light scattering measurement. Modern data analysis methods will be used for the
color and other optical properties of the bioethanol. Although this is a basic study, we wish to develop compact
sensors for monitoring quality of bioethanol.

								
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