Facultad de Ciencias Físicas y Matemáticas WORKSHOP Facultad de Ciencias Forestales Vicerrectoría de Programa Bicentenario UNIVERSIDAD Investigación y DE CHILE de Ciencia y Tecnología Desarrollo “Optimal Treatment Processes of Lignocelluloses for Bioethanol Production” March 24-28, 2008 Date: March 24-28, 2008 Place: Centre for Biochemical Engineering and Biotechnology, University of Chile. Address: Beauchef 861, Santiago e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Phone: 9782729 Organizing Committee: María Elena Lienqueo, Centre for Biochemical Engineering and Biotechnology, University of Chile Oriana Salazar, Centre for Biochemical Engineering and Biotechnology, University of Chile Alejandro García, Vice Presidency of Research and Development, University of Chile International speakers: Dr. Jyri-Pekka Mikkola, Åbo Akademi University, Finland Dr. Dmitry Murzin, Åbo Akademi University, Finland Prof. Timo Jääskeläinen, University of Joensuu, Finland Programme: March 24 Facultad de Ciencias Físicas y Matemáticas, Beauchef 861, Santiago Chairman: Dr. Juan Asenjo de Leuze, Centre for Biochemical Engineering and Biotechnology, University of Chile 9:30: Welcome 10:00-13:00 Meeting with Domeyko Programme Energy Group, University of Chile, Place Sala Multimedia I 13:00-14:30 Lunch 14:30-15:30 CIBYB Lab Visit 16:00-18:00 Lectures Place: Multimedia I 1. “TOWARDS FUTURE BIOREFINERY” by Prof Jyri-Pekka Mikkola and Prof. Murzin 2. Introduction to Åbo Akademi University, Åbo-Turku, Finland by Prof Jyri-Pekka Mikkola and Prof. Murzin 3. Introduction to Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden by Prof Jyri-Pekka Mikkola and Prof. Murzin 18:00 Return to hotel March 25 Facultad de Ciencias Forestales, Santa Rosa 11.315 La Pintana, Santiago Chairman: Dr. Alejandro García M., Vice Presidency of Research and Development, University of Chile. 10:30-13:00 Lectures, Place: Sala de Videoconferencias, Biblioteca Central, Campus Antumapu 1. “USE OF BIO- PRETREATMENT WITH WHITE ROT FUNGI (WRF) IN ORDER TO STIMULATE A SELECTIVE REMOVAL OF LIGNIN” and Research project introduction. Dr. A. García, Universidad de Chile. 2. “TOWARDS FUTURE BIOREFINERY” by Prof Jyri-Pekka Mikkola and Prof. Dmitry Murzin 3. Introduction to Joensuu University by Prof Timo Jääskeläinen 4. Introduction to Åbo Akademi University, Åbo-Turku, Finland by Prof Jyri-Pekka Mikkola and Prof. Murzin 5. Introduction to Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden by Prof Jyri-Pekka Mikkola and Prof. Murzin 13:00-14:30 Lunch 14:30-15:30 Lab Visit 16:00-18:00 Private meeting for coordinating project activities 18:00 Return hotel March 26 Facultad de Ciencias Físicas y Matemáticas, Beauchef 861, Santiago 10:00-13:00 Private meeting for coordinating project activities Place Meeting Room DIQ-BT (Beauchef 861) 13:00-14:30 Lunch 14:30-15:30 Lab Visit 16:00-17:00 Lectures Room Multimedia I. Chairman: Dr. Oriana Salazar, Centre for Biochemical Engineering and Biotechnology, University of Chile. 1. “IONIC LIQUIDS” by Prof Jyri-Pekka Mikkola 2. Introduction to Joensuu University by Prof Timo Jääskeläinen 3. Final structure of the Sustainable Energy call program by Prof. Timo Jääskeläinen 4. “OPTICAL MEASUREMENT AND ANALYSIS TECHNIQUES FOR BIOETHANOL INSPECTION” by Timo Jääskeläinen 17:00-17:30 Coffee break 18:00 Return to hotel March 27 10:00-13:00 Private meeting for coordinating project activities 13:00-14:30 Lunch Travel to Concepción List of Participants Finland Jyri-Pekka Mikkola Academy Research Fellow Laboratory of Industrial email@example.com Chemistry, Process Chemistry Centre, Faculty of Technology, Åbo Akademi University Dmitry Murzin Professor, Head of the Laboratory of Industrial firstname.lastname@example.org Centre Chemistry, Process Chemistry Centre, Faculty of Technology, Åbo Akademi University Timo Jääskeläinen Professor Deparment of Physics, email@example.com University of Joensuu Chile Oriana Salazar Assistant Professor CIBYB,University of Chile firstname.lastname@example.org Juan Asenjo Professor CIBYB,University of Chile email@example.com René Carmona Assistant Professor University of Chile firstname.lastname@example.org, Alejandro García Researcher University of Chile email@example.com Ricardo Silva Assistant Professor University of Chile Maria Elena Lienqueo Associate Professor CIBYB,University of Chile firstname.lastname@example.org Francisco Gracia Assistant Professor DIQ-BT,University of Chile email@example.com Postgraduate students and CIBYB,University of Chile undergraduate students Summary of Lectures Towards future biorefinery The drive towards more sustainable way of life has increased tremendously during the recent times. Under the threat of global warming and ever increasing oil prices the switch towards bio renewable economy is under way. Total energy balance is all that matters: if an alternative technology superficially leads to reduced emissions whereas the energy use, taking into account all stages in the process, is extended beyond current practice, there is little to gain. Western societies, comprising of the industrialized economies, predominantly in the northern hemisphere, follow an individualist behavior, which manifests itself from childhood as “Everything: today, now, and for me”. Serious concerns arise: Is this really a sustainable way of living? Are we not able to see the end of this road already now? Can we still make a difference? We will discuss the different aspects of biorefinery, especially from the viewpoint of the Nordic forest biorefinery initiative. Ionic liquids Ionic liquids have long been hailed as the future of green chemistry - can they live up to their promise? Ionic liquids (ILs), or more precisely ‘room temperature’ molten salts can be seen as a new and fascinating class of solvents and materials. Due to many potential cation-anion combinations, zwitterions or deep eutectic mixtures, the number of undiscovered liquid ionic melts is huge. Their application areas are numerous, besides the use as solvents, other areas of technology ranging from chemistry and biochemistry to separation, energy and materials technologies as well as to chemical engineering. As sample natural application areas of these novel liquid salts and eutectics serve chemical engineering, catalysis and biomaterials processing. Some green aspects of bio- ionic liquids and biomaterials processing in ionic liquids can be summarized as follows: alternatives for today’s volatile, even toxic molecular solvents; cleaner and more efficient processes; novel materials and process concepts; improved recyclability, biodegradability and sustainability of chemical industry. Optical measurement and analysis techniques for bioethanol inspection Optical properties of bioethanol will be investigated by measurement of spectra from the samples. Using the optical data it is possible to assess the color, density and turbidity of the bioethanol. The color is obtained from the transmission spectra, and density is obtained either by a reflectometer or an ellipsometer, which provide the refractive index of the liquid. The refractive index is directly proportional to the density of the liquid. Turbidity of the bioethanol is obtained by light scattering measurement. Modern data analysis methods will be used for the color and other optical properties of the bioethanol. Although this is a basic study, we wish to develop compact sensors for monitoring quality of bioethanol.
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